T Nishii

Osaka City University, Ōsaka, Ōsaka, Japan

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Publications (54)162.02 Total impact

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To confirm whether developmental dysplasia of the hip has a risk of hip impingement, we analysed maximum ranges of movement to the point of bony impingement, and impingement location using three-dimensional (3D) surface models of the pelvis and femur in combination with 3D morphology of the hip joint using computer-assisted methods. Results of computed tomography were examined for 52 hip joints with DDH and 73 normal healthy hip joints. DDH shows larger maximum extension (p = 0.001) and internal rotation at 90° flexion (p < 0.001). Similar maximum flexion (p = 0.835) and external rotation (p = 0.713) were observed between groups, while high rates of extra-articular impingement were noticed in these directions in DDH (p < 0.001). Smaller cranial acetabular anteversion (p = 0.048), centre-edge angles (p < 0.001), a circumferentially shallower acetabulum, larger femoral neck anteversion (p < 0.001), and larger alpha angle were identified in DDH. Risk of anterior impingement in retroverted DDH hips is similar to that in retroverted normal hips in excessive adduction but minimal in less adduction. These findings might be borne in mind when considering the possibility of extra-articular posterior impingement in DDH being a source of pain, particularly for patients with a highly anteverted femoral neck. Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2014;96-B:580-9.
    05/2014; 96-B(5):580-589. DOI:10.1302/0301-620X.96B5.32503
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    ABSTRACT: Cancer-associated fibroblasts (CAFs) have recently been implicated in tumor growth and metastasis in gastric cancer. Cancer stem cells (CSCs) have been proposed to have an important role in cancer progression. The aim of this study was to clarify the effect of CAFs on CSCs characteristics in gastric carcinoma. Scirrhous gastric cancer cell lines, OCUM-12 and OCUM-2MD3, and non-scirrhous gastric cancer cell lines, MKN-45 and MKN-74, were used. OCUM-12/side population (SP) cells and OCUM-2MD3/SP cells were sorted by flow cytometry as CSC-rich cells from the parent cells. CaF-37 was established from the tumoral gastric specimens as CAFs. Flow cytometric analysis of SP fraction, spheroid colony assay, and RT-PCR analysis of CSC markers were performed to identify CSCs properties. Effect of CAFs on the tumorigenicity by OCUM-12/SP cells was examined using nude mice. CAF CM significantly increased the percentages of the SP fraction of OCUM-12/SP and OCUM-2MD3/SP cells, but not that of MKN-45/SP and MKN-74/SP cells. Taken together, CM from CaF-37 significantly increased the number of spheroid colonies and the expression level of CSC markers of OCUM-12/SP and OCUM-2MD3/SP cells. These stimulating-activities by CM were significantly decreased by TGFβ inhibitors, but not FGFR and cMet inhibitor. Tumorigenicity by subcutaneous coinoculation of OCUM-12/SP cells with CAFs was significantly high in comparison with that by OCUM-12/SP cells alone. Phospho-Smad2 expression level was significantly increased by co-inoculation with CAFs. These findings suggested that CAFs might regulate the stemness of CSCs in scirrhous gastric cancer by TGFβ signaling.
    International Journal of Cancer 04/2014; 134(8). DOI:10.1002/ijc.28520 · 5.01 Impact Factor
  • Osteoarthritis and Cartilage 04/2014; 22:S413. DOI:10.1016/j.joca.2014.02.778 · 4.66 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Background:Cancer stem cells (CSCs) may be postulated mediators of the chemoresistance. This study aimed to determine an effective signal inhibitor with effects on the proliferation of CSCs in combination with anticancer drugs.Methods:We used three gastric cancer cell lines and three side population (SP)-enriched CSC cell lines. We examined the combined effects of inhibitors against stemness signals, including c-Met inhibitor SU11274, and five anticancer drugs on the CSC proliferation and mRNA expression of chemoresistance-associated genes.Results:The IC50 of irinotecan in SP-enriched CSC was 10.5 times higher than parent OCUM-2M cells, whereas that of oxaliplatin, taxol, gemcitabine, and 5-fluorouracil was 2.0, 2.8, 2.0, and 1.2, respectively. The SP cell lines had higher expression levels of UGT1A1, ABCG2, and ABCB1 than their parent cell lines. There was a synergistic antiproliferative effect with a combination of SU11274 and SN38 in SP cells, but not other inhibitors. The SU11274 significantly decreased the expression of UGT1A1, but not ABCG2 and ABCB1. The SN38 plus SU11274 group more effectively suppressed in vivo tumour growth by OCUM-2M/SP cells than either group alone.Conclusion:Cancer stem cells have chemoresistance to irinotecan. The c-Met inhibitor may be a promising target molecule for irinotecan-based chemotherapy of gastric cancer.British Journal of Cancer advance online publication, 15 October 2013; doi:10.1038/bjc.2013.638 www.bjcancer.com.
    British Journal of Cancer 10/2013; DOI:10.1038/bjc.2013.638 · 4.82 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We investigated differences in the location and mode of labral tears between dysplastic hips and hips with femoroacetabular impingement (FAI). We also investigated the relationship between labral tear and adjacent cartilage damage. We retrospectively studied 72 symptomatic hips (in 68 patients: 19 men and 49 women) with radiological evidence of dysplasia or FAI on high-resolution CT arthrography. The incidence and location of labral tears and modes of tear associated with the base of the labrum (Mode 1) or body of the labrum (Mode 2) were compared among FAI, mildly dysplastic and severely dysplastic hips. The locations predominantly involved with labral tears were different in FAI and mild dysplastic hips (anterior and anterosuperior zones) and in severely dysplastic hips (anterosuperior and superior zones) around the acetabulum. Significant differences were observed in the prevalence of Mode 1 versus Mode 2 tears in FAI hips (72% (n = 13) vs 28% (n = 5)) and severe dysplastic hips (25% (n = 2) vs 75% (n = 6)). The frequency of cartilage damage adjacent to Mode 1 tears was significantly higher (42% (n = 14)) than that adjacent to Mode 2 tears (14% (n = 3)). Hip pathology is significantly related to the locations and modes of labral tears. Mode 1 tears may be a risk factor for the development of adjacent acetabular cartilage damage. Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2013;95-B:1320-5.
    10/2013; 95-B(10):1320-1325. DOI:10.1302/0301-620X.95B10.31647
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    ABSTRACT: Previous studies have shown that meniscectomy results in an increase of local load transmission and may cause degeneration of the knee cartilage. Using 3D reconstructed T2 mapping, we examined the influence on the femoral cartilage under loading after medial meniscectomy. Ten porcine knees were imaged using a pressure device and a 3.0-T magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) system. Consecutive sagittal T2 maps were obtained in neutral alignment with and without compression, and under compression at 10° varus alignment. After medial meniscectomy, the aforementioned MRI was repeated. Cartilage T2 before and after meniscectomy under each condition were compared at the 12 regions of interest (ROIs) defined on the 3D weight-bearing area of the femoral cartilage. Before meniscectomy, large decreases in T2 under neutral compression were mainly seen at the anterior and central ROIs of the medial cartilage, which shifted to the posterior ROIs after meniscectomy. There were significant differences in decrease in T2 ratio with loading before and after meniscectomy (9.8%/4.3% at the anterior zone, 4.0%/11.4% at the posterior zone, P < 0.05). By applying varus compression, a more remarkable decrease in the cartilage T2 in posterior ROIs after meniscectomy was achieved. (Before/after meniscectomy: 8.7%/2.5% at the anterior zone, 7.2%/18.7% at the posterior zone, P < 0.05). Assuming a decrease in T2 with loading correlated with the applied pressure, a deficiency of the medial meniscus resulted in a shift of the primary area with a maximal decrease of cartilage T2 with loading posteriorly in the porcine knee joint, presumably reflecting the intraarticular environment of load transmission.
    Osteoarthritis and Cartilage 07/2012; 20(11):1383-90. DOI:10.1016/j.joca.2012.07.015 · 4.66 Impact Factor
  • Osteoarthritis and Cartilage 04/2012; 20. DOI:10.1016/j.joca.2012.02.348 · 4.66 Impact Factor
  • Osteoarthritis and Cartilage 04/2012; 20:S284. DOI:10.1016/j.joca.2012.02.489 · 4.66 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to examine the three-dimensional (3D) progression patterns of early acetabular cartilage damage in hip dysplasia using high-resolutional computed tomography (CT) arthrography. Thirty-two dysplastic hips of 26 Japanese symptomatic females including 21 hips in pre-stage of osteoarthritis (Kellgren-Lawrence (K-L) grade 0; mean patient age, 32.0 years) and 11 hips in early stage of osteoarthritis (K-L grade 1 or 2; mean patient age, 32.8 years) were examined. Isotropic high-resolutional CT arthrography with an image resolution of 0.5 mm in any orthogonal direction was performed. A 3D acetabular cartilage model was generated and we evaluated distribution of cartilage thickness in 12 zones after dividing the weight-bearing area of the hip joint in radial and lateral/medial directions. In pre-stage of osteoarthritis, significant differences in cartilage thickness were observed between the lateral and medial zones in all radial regions, most prominently in the antero-superior region. In early stage of osteoarthritis, no significant differences in cartilage thickness were observed, except in the most posterior region. The lateral-medial (LM) ratio was defined as cartilage thickness in the lateral zone divided by that in the medial zone, and hips with the LM ratio in the antero-superior region of <1.4 had significantly more extensive involvement of labral tears than hips with the LM ratio of ≥1.4. In hip dysplasia, acetabular cartilage damage was probably occurred in the antero-superior lateral area. The LM ratio may be a sensitive index to quantify early cartilage damage associated with extent of labral disorders.
    Osteoarthritis and Cartilage 03/2012; 20(7):646-52. DOI:10.1016/j.joca.2012.03.015 · 4.66 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In this research, two independent multi-step methods for automatic segmentation of the hip femoral and acetabular cartilages, femur and pelvis bones from CT images are presented. In data acquisition, by injecting the contrast media in the hip joint, the hip articular space is enhanced in CT images. The hip bones and cartilages are then extracted based on available anatomical assumptions, employing quantitative measures and techniques such as radial differentiation and image bottom hat (IBH) as well as proposing several heuristic techniques. After segmentation, applying a marching cube surface rendering technique, three-dimensional visualisation of segmented cartilages and bones followed by thickness map estimation of the hip cartilages is performed. Manual segmentations of experts were employed as gold standard for evaluating the results. The proposed techniques were effective in the presence of 20 sets (5120 images) of actual in vivo hip CT data.
    Imaging Science Journal The 10/2011; 59(5):253-266. DOI:10.1179/1743131X10Y.0000000012 · 0.32 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Transforming growth factor β (TGFβ) receptor signaling is closely associated with the invasion ability of gastric cancer cells. Although Smad signal is a critical integrator of TGFβ receptor signaling transduction systems, not much is known about the role of Smad2 expression in gastric carcinoma. The aim of the current study is to clarify the role of phosphorylated Smad2 (p-Smad2) in gastric adenocarcinomas at advanced stages. Immunohistochemical staining with anti-p-Smad2 was performed on paraffin-embedded specimens from 135 patients with advanced gastric adenocarcinomas. We also evaluated the relationship between the expression levels of p-Smad2 and clinicopathologic characteristics of patients with gastric adenocarcinomas. The p-Smad2 expression level was high in 63 (47%) of 135 gastric carcinomas. The p-Smad2 expression level was significantly higher in diffuse type carcinoma (p = 0.007), tumours with peritoneal metastasis (p = 0.017), and tumours with lymph node metastasis (p = 0.047). The prognosis for p-Smad2-high patients was significantly (p = 0.035, log-rank) poorer than that of p-Smad2-low patients, while a multivariate analysis revealed that p-Smad2 expression was not an independence prognostic factor. The expression of p-Smad2 is associated with malignant phenotype and poor prognosis in patients with advanced gastric carcinoma.
    BMC Cancer 11/2010; 10:652. DOI:10.1186/1471-2407-10-652 · 3.32 Impact Factor
  • Osteoarthritis and Cartilage 10/2010; 18. DOI:10.1016/S1063-4584(10)60432-3 · 4.66 Impact Factor
  • Osteoarthritis and Cartilage 10/2010; 18. DOI:10.1016/S1063-4584(10)60442-6 · 4.66 Impact Factor
  • Osteoarthritis and Cartilage 10/2010; 18. DOI:10.1016/S1063-4584(10)60466-9 · 4.66 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The long-term results of grafting with hydroxyapatite granules for acetabular deficiency in revision total hip replacement are not well known. We have evaluated the results of revision using a modular cup with hydroxyapatite grafting for Paprosky type 2 and 3 acetabular defects at a minimum of ten years' follow-up. We retrospectively reviewed 49 acetabular revisions at a mean of 135 months (120 to 178). There was one type 2B, ten 2C, 28 3A and ten 3B hips. With loosening as the endpoint, the survival rate was 74.2% (95% confidence interval 58.3 to 90.1). Radiologically, four of the type 3A hips (14%) and six of the type 3B hips (60%) showed aseptic loosening with collapse of the hydroxyapatite layer, whereas no loosening occurred in type 2 hips. There was consolidation of the hydroxyapatite layer in 33 hips (66%). Loosening was detected in nine of 29 hips (31%) without cement and in one of 20 hips (5%) with cement (p = 0.03, Fisher's exact probability test). The linear wear and annual wear rate did not correlate with loosening. These results suggest that the long-term results of hydroxyapatite grafting with cement for type 2 and 3A hips are encouraging.
    The Bone & Joint Journal 09/2010; 92(9):1215-21. DOI:10.1302/0301-620X.92B9.24555 · 2.80 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Physiological magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) under loading or knee malalignment conditions has not been thoroughly investigated. We assessed the influence of static loading and knee alignment on T2 (transverse relaxation time) mapping of the knee femoral cartilage of porcine knee joints using a non-metallic pressure device. Ten porcine knee joints were harvested en bloc with intact capsules and surrounding muscles and imaged using a custom-made pressure device and 3.0-T MRI system. Sagittal T2 maps were obtained (1) at knee neutral alignment without external loading (no loading), (2) under mechanical compression of 140 N (neutral loading), and (3) under the same loading conditions as in (2) with the knee at 10 degrees varus alignment (varus loading). T2 values of deep, intermediate, and superficial zones of the medial and lateral femoral cartilages at the weight-bearing area were compared among these conditions using custom-made software. Cartilage contact pressure between the femoral and tibial cartilages, measured by a pressure-sensitive film, was correlated with cartilage T2 measurements. In the medial cartilage, mean T2 values of the deep, intermediate, and superficial zones decreased by 1.4%, 13.0%, and 6.0% under neutral loading. They further decreased by 4.3%, 19.3%, and 17.2% under varus loading compared to no loading. In the lateral cartilage, these mean T2 values decreased by 3.9%, 7.7%, and 4.2% under neutral loading, but increased by 1.6%, 9.6%, and 7.2% under varus loading. There was a significant decrease in T2 values in the intermediate zone of the medial cartilage under both neutral and varus loading, and in the superficial zone of the medial cartilage under varus loading (P<0.05). Total contact pressure values under neutral loading and varus loading conditions significantly correlated with T2 values in the superficial and intermediate zones of the medial cartilages. The response of T2 to change in static loading or alignment varied between the medial and lateral cartilages, and among the deep, intermediate, and superficial zones. These T2 changes were significantly related to the contact pressure measurements. Our results indicate that T2 mapping under loading allows non-invasive, biomechanical assessment of site-specific stress distribution in the cartilage.
    Osteoarthritis and Cartilage 07/2010; 18(7):902-8. DOI:10.1016/j.joca.2010.05.002 · 4.66 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We compared a modular neck system with a non-modular system in a cementless anatomical total hip replacement (THR). Each group consisted of 74 hips with developmental hip dysplasia. Both groups had the same cementless acetabular component and the same articulation, which consisted of a conventional polyethylene liner and a 28 mm alumina head. The mean follow-up was 14.5 years (13 to 15), at which point there were significant differences in the mean total Harris hip score (modular/non-modular: 98.6 (64 to 100)/93.8 (68 to 100)), the mean range of abduction (32 degrees (15 degrees to 40 degrees )/28 (0 degrees to 40 degrees )), use of a 10 degrees elevated liner (31%/100%), the incidence of osteolysis (27%/79.7%) and the incidence of equal leg lengths (> or = 6 mm, 92%/61%). There was no disassociation or fracture of the modular neck. The modular system reduces the need for an elevated liner, thereby reducing the incidence of osteolysis. It gives a better range of movement and allows the surgeon to make an accurate adjustment of leg length.
    The Bone & Joint Journal 06/2010; 92(6):770-6. DOI:10.1302/0301-620X.92B6.23001 · 2.80 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Aim: The aim of this study was to establish drug-resistant cell lines and to elucidate mechanisms leading to multi-drug resistance in gastric cancer. Five cancer cell lines resistant to 5-fluorouracil, paclitaxel, oxaliplatin, irinotecan, or gemcitabine, were respectively established from a parent gastric cancer cell line, OCUM-2M, by stepwise exposure to each chemotherapeutical agent. Cell death by apoptosis induced by anti-cancer drugs was low in 5 chemo-resistant cell lines. Percentage of cells in S and G(0)/G(1) phase was low in cell lines resistant to oxaliplatin or irinotecan. Cell lines resistant to paclitaxel, oxaliplatin, and gemcitabine showed multi-drug resistance. Alterations in MRP, DAPK1, or DAPK2 expression were found in multi-drug resistant cell lines. The cell-cycle distribution and alterations of MRP, DAPK1, and DAPK2 genes may be integral part of mechanisms responsible for chemo-resistance. These cell lines might be useful to study molecular mechanisms leading to multi-drug resistance.
    Anticancer research 03/2010; 30(3):915-21. · 1.87 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Many kinds of solid tumour have heterogeneously a hypoxic environment. Tumour hypoxia reported to be associated with more aggressive tumour phenotypes such as high metastatic ability and resistance to various anti-cancer therapies which may lead to a poorer prognosis. However, the mechanisms by which hypoxia affects the aggressive phenotypes remain unclear. We established a scirrhous gastric carcinoma cell line (OCUM-12) from ascites associated with scirrhous gastric carcinoma, and a hypoxia-resistant cancer cell line (OCUM-12/Hypo) was cloned from OCUM-12 cells by continuous exposure to 1% oxygen. Histologic findings from orthotopic tumours derived from parent OCUM-12 cells and daughter OCUM-12/Hypo cells revealed poorly differentiated adenocarcinoma with extensive fibrosis that resembled human scirrhous gastric cancer. Necrotic lesions were frequently detected in the OCUM-12 tumours but were rarely found in the OCUM-12/Hypo tumours, although both types had multiple hypoxic loci. Apoptosis rate of OCUM-12 cells was increased to 24.7% at 1% O(2), whereas that of OCUM-12/Hypo was 5.6%. The OCUM-12/Hypo orthotopic models developed multiple metastases to the peritoneum and lymph nodes, but the OCUM-12 models did not. OCUM-12/Hypo cells showed epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition and high migratory and invasive activities in comparison with OCUM-12 cells. The mRNA expression levels of both E-cadherin and zonula occludens ZO-1 and ZO-2 decreased in OCUM-12/Hypo cells, and that of vimentin, Snail-1, Slug/Snail-2, Twist, ZEB-1, ZEB-2, matrix metalloproteinase-1 (MMP-1), and MMP-2 were increased in OCUM-12/Hypo cells. OCUM-12 and OCUM-12/Hypo may be useful for the elucidation of disease progression associated with scirrhous gastric cancer in the setting of chronic hypoxia.
    British Journal of Cancer 02/2010; 102(5):898-907. DOI:10.1038/sj.bjc.6605543 · 4.82 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Preoperative autologous blood donation is a widely used alternative to allogenic transfusion in hip surgery. However, it has been reported that autologous blood donation may induce preoperative anemia. Juzentaihoto (TJ-48) (Tsumura Co., Tokyo, Japan) is a Japanese herbal medicine that has been used to alleviate anemia. We investigated the effect of TJ-48 on anemia in the perioperative period. 18 hips of 18 female patients who underwent total hip arthroplasty or rotational acetabular osteotomy (RAO) were divided into two groups. Group A consisted of 9 hips of 9 patients who were treated with TJ-48 at a dose of 7.5 g per day from 21 days before surgery to the day before surgery. Group B consisted of 9 hips of 9 patients who did not take TJ-48. Preoperative autologous blood donation was performed 21, 14 and 7 days before surgery. All patients deposited 400 ml each time for a total of 1,200 ml. Hemoglobin level was recorded on preoperative Days 21, 14 and 7 and postoperative Days 1, 4, 7 and 14. During the preoperative period, repeated measures ANOVA showed a significant difference between the two groups in hemoglobin level (p = 0.04). Despite the lack of TJ-48 after surgery, the rate of hemoglobin decline in Group A was less than in Group B at all examination times. No patients with TJ-48 experienced side effects, including gastrointestinal symptoms and unusual laboratory data. TJ-48 is useful for treating anemia during preoperative autologous donation.
    International journal of clinical pharmacology and therapeutics 12/2009; 47(12):716-21. DOI:10.5414/CPP47716 · 1.04 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

835 Citations
162.02 Total Impact Points


  • 1999–2014
    • Osaka City University
      • • Department of Surgical Oncology
      • • Department of Orthopaedic Surgery
      Ōsaka, Ōsaka, Japan
    • Osaka University
      • Division of Orthopaedic Surgery
      Suika, Ōsaka, Japan