M Matovic

CRO Centro di Riferimento Oncologico di Aviano, Aviano, Friuli Venezia Giulia, Italy

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Publications (15)54.68 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: We evaluated efficacy and safety of early and short-term prophylaxis with acenocumarine or dalteparin in the prevention of non-occlusive or occlusive central vein catheter-related thrombosis (CVCrT). Consecutive cancer patients scheduled for chemotherapy randomly received: acenocumarine 1 mg/day for 3 days before and 8 days after central vein catheter (CVC) insertion; dalteparin 5000 IU 2 h before and daily for 8 days after CVC insertion; no anticoagulant treatment (NT). All patients underwent venography on days 8 and 30, some of them on days 90, 150 and 210 after CVC. A total of 450 patients were randomized, 348 underwent at least two venography. Both acenocumarine and dalteparin reduced venography-detected CVCrT rate [21.9% acenocumarine versus 52.6% NT, odds ratio (OR) 0.3, P < 0.01; 40% dalteparin versus 52.6% NT, OR 0.6, P = 0.05]. Acenocumarine was more effective than dalteparin (OR 0.4, P = 0.01). The rate of occlusive CVCrT was not different in the three groups (0.9% acenocumarine, 3.3% dalteparin, 1.8% NT; P = 0.40). Most CVCrTs (95.6%) were observed on day 8 after CVC insertion and were non-occlusive. In this study of early and short-term prophylaxis, acenocumarine was more effective than dalteparin on non-occlusive and asymptomatic CVCrT events. The first days following CVC insertion represent the highest risk for CVCrT.
    Annals of Oncology 07/2009; 20(12):1936-42. · 7.38 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Opioid consumption for analgesic purposes is considered an important indicator of the quality of cancer pain treatment. Italy's consumption ranks among the lowest in economically developed countries. A lack of systematic education of health care professionals regarding pain control and a sort of "opiophobia" induced by measures designed to control the improper use of drugs have been indicated as possible reasons for this trend. The aim of this study was firstly to evaluate the level of opioid consumption at inpatient institutions (where opioid prescription rules have never been subjected to any restriction) and secondly to survey the attitude of the physicians working in general hospitals and specialized oncology institutions (oncology centers and hospices) towards opioid administration. The authors performed a four-year survey (1996-1999) on the consumption of major opioids (morphine, meperidine, buprenorphine, transdermal fentanyl) among all the inpatient institutions (six regional/provincial hospitals, eleven district hospitals, the Aviano Oncology Institute and two hospices) of the Friuli-Venezia Giulia region in North-Eastern Italy. To facilitate data interpretation, all the opioids were converted to milligrams equivalent of oral morphine (mg OME). Data on the number of days of hospitalization of oncological patients in every institution were also collected. The overall consumption of opioids was 9,299,177 mg OME (83.3%) and 1,845,060 mg OME (16.7%) in general hospitals and specialized oncology institutions, respectively. Overall, the number of days of hospitalization of oncological patients was 1,121,142 (87%) and 167,665 (13%) in general hospitals and specialized oncology institutions, respectively. The ratio between the total dosage of mg OME administered and the total number of hospitalization days in general hospitals and specialized oncology institutions was 8.29 mg OME/day and 11 mg OME/day, respectively. Our data show that in specialized oncology institutions, opioid consumption was proportionally higher than in general hospitals. This result indicates the attitude of the physicians of these institutions towards opioid administration, probably due to the training received on cancer pain treatment, and emphasizes the need to educate all health care workers involved in the management of cancer patients.
    Tumori 01/2004; 90(1):96-102. · 0.92 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Elderly cancer patients often require supportive care due to the physiologic decline of organs and apparatus linked with the aging process per se, and for the effects of tumor or of anticancer treatments. Pain and nutritional deficits are some clinical aspects requiring supportive care. Lack of studies on these latter topics does not allow an in depth analysis of the problem. The present review deals with literature concerning pain and nutritional problems in the general cancer population with emphasis on aspects typical for elderly cancer subjects. Physiologic and cancer-related changes in body composition, physical function and cognitive capacity of the elderly are presented and, when appropriate, linked with pathogenetic factors of pain and malnutrition, as well as their treatment. Pain demographic data, pain intensity evaluation and currently available techniques to provide pain relief such as etiologic treatment, analgesic pharmacotherapy and invasive analgesic procedures, are extensively discussed. Causes and assessment of malnutrition as well as available nutritional approaches such as oral, enteral and parenteral nutrition are also debated.
    Critical Reviews in Oncology/Hematology 06/2002; 42(2):189-211. · 4.64 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The success of the neurolytic celiac plexus block, despite different approaches and methods used, depends on adequate spread of the injectate in the celiac area. This retrospective study was conducted to evaluate the patterns of alcohol spread and pain relief in patients with cancer or therapy-related anatomic distortion of the celiac area. From 177 cancer patients who underwent computed tomography (CT)-guided single-needle neurolytic celiac plexus block via an anterior approach, a radiologist, blind to the aim of the study, retrospectively selected 105 patients with abnormal anatomy of the celiac area as judged by CT images obtained before the block. To evaluate CT patterns of neurolytic (mixed with contrast) spread, the celiac area was divided on the frontal plane into four quadrants: upper right and left and lower right and left, as related to the celiac artery. Results were expressed as the number of quadrants into which contrast spread, ie., four, three, two, or one quadrants with contrast. The patterns of contrast spread according to the number of quadrants with anatomic distortion were analyzed. Patient assessment by visual analog scale was reviewed to evaluate the degree of pain relief. Pain relief 30 days after block was considered long-lasting. Pain relief at 30 days after block was analyzed according to the number of quadrants with contrast. Overall, four, three, two, and one quadrants with contrast were observed in 9 (8%), 21 (20%), 49 (47%), and 26 (25%) patients, respectively. An inverse correlation was observed between the number of quadrants with anatomic distortion and the number of quadrants with contrast (P < 0.001). Long-lasting pain relief was noticed in nine of nine patients (100%; 95% confidence interval, 66-100) with contrast in four-quadrants, and in 10 of 21 patients (48%; 95% confidence interval, 26-70) with contrast in 3 quadrants (P < 0.01). None of the 75 patients with contrast in two quadrants or one quadrant experienced long-lasting pain relief. These findings suggest that, using the single-needle anterior approach, the neurolytic spread in the celiac area is highly hampered by the regional anatomic alterations. It also appears that only a complete (four quadrants) neurolytic spread in the celiac area can guarantee long-lasting analgesia, and that this picture may be obtained in a very limited fraction of patients with regional anatomic alterations.
    Anesthesiology 04/2001; 94(4):561-5. · 5.16 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Background: The success of the neurolytic celiac plexus block, despite different approaches and methods used, depends on adequate spread of the injectate in the celiac area. This retrospective study was conducted to evaluate the patterns of alcohol spread and pain relief in patients with cancer or therapy-related anatomic distortion of the celiac area.
    Anesthesiology 03/2001; 94(4):561-565. · 5.16 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Our study aimed at evaluating the pharmacokinetic, cardiovascular, and metabolic effects of high-dose verapamil continuous intravenous infusion in cancer patients. Prospective clinical and pharmacokinetic study. Intensive care unit of a Cancer Research Institute. Nine patients (age range 31 to 57 yrs) with progressive cancer disease and without cardiovascular, renal, or hepatic dysfunctions. After a loading dose (0.15 mg/kg followed by 12 hrs of continuous intravenous infusion at 0.20 mg/kg/hr), the infusion rate of verapamil was increased every 24 hrs (0.25, 0.30, 0.35, and 0.40 mg/kg/hr). The highest rate was maintained for 48 hrs. Doxorubicin was given from the 60 th to the 108 th hr. Hydrochlorothiazide (25 mg/day) and potassium (36 mmol/day) were given orally. Altogether, 17 courses were completed. Steady state concentration (C(SS) and systemic clearance of verapamil and nor-verapamil (active metabolite) for each infusion rate were calculated. Mean arterial pressure (MAP), central venous pressure (CVP), heart rate (HR), PR, QT and QTc intervals, and left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) were measured, as well as daily body weight, blood glucose and potassium. C(SS) of verapamil and nor-verapamil increased more than proportionally to the infusion rate (p<.001). Systemic clearance of verapamil decreased over the range of the infusion rate (p<.005). MAP and HR decreased at the 12th hr (p<.001) and then plateaued. CVP increased (p<.01). The relationship between MAP, HR, CVP, and verapamil plasma concentrations was significant (r2 = .25, .14, and .35, respectively; p<.0001). LVEF did not change. Six patients (11 courses) developed junctional rhythm. Three patients (six courses) showed a PR interval increase (p<.05). Patients with junctional rhythm had higher Css of verapamil (p<.009). Overall, QT and QTc intervals increased (p<.01). A linear relationship was observed between verapamil plasma concentrations and QT intervals (r2 = .09, p<.01). Cardiovascular side effects did not determine treatment withdrawal in any patient. Body weight, blood glucose, and potassium did not show significant changes. Our data suggest a capacity-limited clearance of high-dose verapamil. In the absence of heart disease, following a step by step increase of the dosage, the high plasma verapamil concentrations (617 to 2970 ng/mL) produce frequent but well tolerated hemodynamic and electrocardiogram changes.
    Critical Care Medicine 03/1999; 27(2):332-9. · 6.12 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The "single-needle" celiac plexus block is becoming a popular technique. Despite different approaches and methods used to place the needle, the success of the block depends on adequate spread of the injectate in the celiac area. In the present retrospective study, the influence of needle tip position in relation to the celiac artery on injectate spread was evaluated. Among 138 cancer patients subjected, via an anterior approach, to computed tomography (CT)-guided single-needle neurolytic celiac plexus block, a radiologist, blinded to the aim of the study, retrospectively selected 53 cases with normal anatomy of the celiac area as judged by CT. The decision was based on images obtained before the block. Patients were then classified into either group A (29 patients), in whom the needle tip was caudad to the celiac artery, and group B (24 patients), in whom it was cephalad. To evaluate CT patterns of neurolytic (mixed with contrast) spread, the celiac area was divided on the frontal plane into four quadrants: upper right and left and lower right and left, as related to the celiac artery. Patient assessments by visual analog scale were reviewed to evaluate the degree of pain relief. Pain relief 30 days after block was judged as long-lasting. The patterns of contrast spread in relation to the needle position and pain relief according to the number of quadrants with contrast were analyzed. The percentage of cases with four quadrants with contrast was higher when the needle tip was cephalad (58%, group B) than when it was caudad (14%, group A) to the celiac artery (P < 0.01). The percentage of patients with four and three quadrants with contrast was also higher in group B at 79% than in group A at 38% (P < 0.01). A significant difference in long-lasting pain relief was observed between patients with four quadrants with contrast (18 of 18, 100%; 95% confidence interval [CI], 81-100%) and patients with three quadrants with contrast (5 of 12, 42%; 95% CI, 15-72%) (P < 0.01). No patients showing two or one quadrant with contrast had long-lasting pain relief. These findings suggest that, when the celiac area is free from anatomic distortions, and the single-needle neurolytic celiac plexus block technique is used, the needle tip should be positioned cephalad to the celiac artery to achieve a wider neurolytic spread. It also appears that only a complete (four quadrants) neurolytic spread in the celiac area can guarantee long-lasting analgesia.
    Anesthesiology 12/1997; 87(6):1301-8. · 5.16 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Studies on catheter-related central venous thrombosis (CRCVT) have been focused mainly on clinically evident CRCVT due to occlusive thrombi, underestimating therefore the actual thrombosis prevalence. This prospective study was aimed at evaluating prevalence, timing and evolution of thrombosis, and identifying involved veins and risk factors in cancer patients (pts) undergoing percutaneous subclavian central venous catheterization (CVC) for chemotherapy, parenteral nutrition or both. We enrolled 127 consecutive pts requiring partially or totally implanted central venous silastic catheters. The study protocol included peripheral phlebography (P) at day 8, 30 and every two months following CVC and/or when clinically indicated, along with peripheral and pullout P on catheter withdrawal. A quantitative scale was developed to evaluate thrombus grading in subclavian, innominate and cava veins. Age, sex, coagulation profile tumor histotype, metastases, therapy, catheter type, and catheter insertion side were also investigated. Only pts who underwent at least two P were evaluated, and chi 2 test was adopted for statistical analysis. Altogether, 95 pts were evaluable. CRCVT was observed in 63/95 (66%) pts. At day 8, 30 and 105 (representing the median days in which first, second and last P were performed) CRCVT was evidenced in 64%, 65% and 66% of the pts, respectively. Thrombus grading did not differ among first, second and last P. CRCVT was symptomatic in 4/63 (6%) pts. Thrombosis prevalence was higher in subclavian (97%) with respect to innominate (60%) or cava (13%) veins (p < 0.001). Thrombosis was higher in left subclavian catheters (14/16; 87.5%) than in right ones (49/79; 62%), p < 0.01. No associations were established between CRCVT and other investigated parameters. Our data show a very high actual frequency of CRCVT in cancer pts, and emphasize that first days following CVC are at the highest risk for CRCVT development. Based on our results, a study on short-term antithrombotic prophylaxis in cancer pts requiring CVC is warranted. Finally, our data indicate that left subclavian vein catheterization represents a risk factor for CRCVT.
    Thrombosis Research 04/1997; 86(2):101-13. · 3.13 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Fifty-seven oncologic patients with short- or long-term central venous catheters (CVCs) and without clinical signs of axillary-subclavian thrombosis were evaluated phlebographically. Different degrees of incomplete thrombosis were found in 26 patients (45.5%) and complete thrombosis, clinically silent, was found in six patients (10.5%). A fibrin sleeve around the CVC was radiologically demonstrated in 45 (78%) patients, 21 of them (46%) with negative standard venogram. Only in four patients there was no evidence of fibrin sleeve or parietal thrombosis. There were no significant differences between patients with long-term and short-term CVCs. We conclude that parietal thrombosis of the axillary-subclavian veins is a frequent event, even if there is no clinical evidence of flow obstruction and we confirm in vivo that a fibrin coating of the CVCs is present in the majority of the cases.
    European Journal of Radiology 08/1995; 20(2):108-11. · 2.51 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The fibrin sleeve of venous catheters (VC) and parietal thrombi represent frequent and dangerous side-effects of central venous catheterization (CVC), due to the risk of embolism. Reduced levels of coagulation clotting factors inhibitors (such as Antithrombin III) are known to be associated with increased thrombogenic risk. The aim of this study was to evaluate the role of Antithrombin III (AT III) deficiency as a risk factor for thrombosis in cancer patients undergoing CVC. The study groups included patients with a reduced AT III activity (< 70%, 20 consecutive patients) and with normal AT III values (> 70%, 20 randomly selected patients), requiring a VC for chemotherapy and/or total parenteral nutrition. The study protocol included evaluation of Hb, PLTs, PT (INR), aPTT, Fibrinogen and AT III at days 0, 1, 3 and 8 after CVC and upon VC removal. Peripheral and pullout phlebographies were performed in all patients on catheter withdrawal. A quantitative scale was developed to evaluate both VC and parietal thrombus degree in each catheter-containing venous segment (subclavian, innominate, superior vena cava); the sum of the mean values was defined as overall thrombus. The average VC dwelling time was similar in both groups. There were no significant differences in Hb, PLTs, PT (INR), aPTT, Fibrinogen and in the remaining parameters of the study between the two groups. The group with AT III deficiency presented a higher degree of both parietal (p < 0.05) and overall thrombus (p < 0.02). Data showed a higher severity of CVC-related thrombosis in patients with AT III deficiency than in the control group. Further studies are needed to evaluate whether the therapeutically-induced normalization of AT III levels can reduce the thrombosis degree.
    Thrombosis Research 04/1995; 78(2):127-37. · 3.13 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Epidural infection represents a serious albeit infrequent complication of long-term epidural catheterization. The catheter hub is regarded as the main point of entry for microorganisms among the three possible routes (hematogenous, insertion site, hub) of microbial colonization of the inserted catheter. The current study was aimed at evaluating whether frequent changing of antimicrobial filters carries an increased risk of catheter hub contamination and the time-dependent efficacy of commonly used antimicrobial filters after prolonged use. In the first part of the study, a microbiologic survey (skin, filter, hub, and catheter tip) was performed weekly in a group of 47 patients with cancer bearing subcutaneously tunneled catheters managed at home. Subsequently, the time-dependent efficacy of 96 micropore filters (32 Portex, 32 Sterifix-Braun, 32 Encapsulon TFX-Medical) differing in surface areas and/or composition of the filtering membrane was evaluated in a laboratory study. Filters were perfused, under the usual conditions of clinical use (flow resistance, injection pressure, temperature), every 8 h up to 60 days, with 5 ml of two different analgesic solutions, either sterile or containing 1.5 x 10(5)/ml of Streptococcus milleri I. Eight filters of each type subsequently were flushed with a S. milleri suspension (0.5 McFarland) after 7, 14, 28, and 60 days of continuous perfusion, and the resulting filtrates were cultured. In 16 of 19 positive hub cultures, the same microorganisms (species, biotype, antibiotype) were cultured from skin and filters. A statistically significant positive trend was found between the number of filter changes and the rate of positive hub cultures (chi 1(2) trend 5.11; P = 0.02). A high correlation coefficient was found between number of positive skin cultures and number of positive filtrates (r = 0.88; P = 0.01) and between number of positive filtrates and number of positive hub cultures (r = 0.93; P = 0.003). Cultures obtained from Portex and Sterifix-Braun filters yielded no bacterial growth (64/64) throughout the study period. Cultures from Encapsulon TFX-Medical filters showed bacterial growth 2/8 at seventh day, 7/8 at the 14th day, and 16/16 from the 28th day onward. Our data indicate significant correlation between the incidence of catheter hub colonization and the filter-change frequency, when the skin close to the filter-hub connection is contaminated. Our results also show that Portex and Sterifix-Braun bacterial filters, when perfused with reduced volumes at low injection pressures, maintain an unmodified antimicrobial function for at least 60 days. Based on these data, it appears clinically feasible to reduce the frequency of filter changes during long-term epidural catheterization, with a consequent possible decrease of epidural catheter colonization.
    Anesthesiology 04/1995; 82(3):765-71. · 5.16 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Background: Epidural infection represents a serious albeit infrequent complication of long‐term epidural catheterization. The catheter hub is regarded as the main point of entry for microorganisms among the three possible routes (hematogenous, insertion site, hub) of microbial colonization of the inserted catheter. The current study was aimed at evaluating whether frequent changing of antimicrobial filters carries an increased risk of catheter hub contamination and the time‐dependent efficacy of commonly used antimicrobial filters after prolonged use.
    Anesthesiology 02/1995; 82(3):765–771. · 5.16 Impact Factor
  • Clinical Nutrition - CLIN NUTR. 01/1995; 14:38-38.
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    ABSTRACT: Summary Opioid withdrawal syndrome is uncommon during cancer pain treatment. It is normally due to undelivered opioid dose. We present a case report of opioid withdrawal syndrome during cancer pain therapy with transdermal fentanyl that was administered
  • M De Cicco, C Campisi, M Matovic
    The journal of vascular access 4(3):83-91. · 1.02 Impact Factor