[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The effectiveness and durability of endovascular revascularization therapies for chronic critical limb ischemia (CLI) are challenged by the extensive burden of infrapopliteal arterial disease and lesion-related characteristics (e.g., severe calcification, chronic total occlusions), which frequently result in poor clinical outcomes. While infrapopliteal vessel patency directly affects pain relief and wound healing, sustained patency and extravascular care both contribute to the ultimate "patient-centric" outcomes of functional limb preservation, mobility and quality of life (QoL).Methods/design: IN.PACT DEEP is a 2:1 randomized controlled trial designed to assess the efficacy and safety of infrapopliteal arterial revascularization between the IN.PACT AmphirionTM paclitaxel drug-eluting balloon (IA-DEB) and standard balloon angioplasty (PTA) in patients with Rutherford Class 4-5-6 CLI.
This multicenter trial has enrolled 358 patients at 13 European centers with independent angiographic core lab adjudication of the primary efficacy endpoint of target lesion late luminal loss (LLL) and clinically driven target lesion revascularization (TLR) in major amputation-free surviving patients through 12-months. An independent wound core lab will evaluate all ischemic wounds to assess the extent of healing and time to healing at 1, 6, and 12 months. A QoL questionnaire including a pain scale will assess changes from baseline scores through 12 months. A Clinical Events Committee and Data Safety Monitoring Board will adjudicate the composite primary safety endpoints of all-cause death, major amputation, and clinically driven TLR at 6 months and other trial endpoints and supervise patient safety throughout the study. All patients will be followed for 5 years. A literature review is presented of the current status of endovascular treatment of CLI with drug-eluting balloon and standard PTA. The rationale and design of the IN.PACT DEEP Trial are discussed.. IN.PACT DEEP is a milestone, prospective, randomized, robust, independent core lab-adjudicated CLI trial that will evaluate the role of a new infrapopliteal revascularization technology, the IA-DEB, compared to PTA. It will assess the overall impact on infrapopliteal artery patency, limb salvage, wound healing, pain control, QoL, and patient mobility. The 1-year results of the adjudicated co-primary and secondary endpoints will be available in 2014.Trial registration: NCT00941733.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The goal of this study was to evaluate the safety and performance of the Igaki-Tamai (Igaki Medical Planning Company, Kyoto, Japan) biodegradable stent in patients with occlusive superficial femoral artery (SFA) disease.
Poly-L-lactic acid (PLLA) biodegradable stents have been shown to be effective in the coronaries, but no data are available regarding their efficacy in the femoral artery.
A prospective, multicenter, nonrandomized study enrolled 30 patients with symptomatic de novo SFA disease undergoing implantation of Igaki-Tamai bioresorbable stents. Clinical examinations and duplex ultrasound were prospectively performed after 1, 6, 9, and 12 months. The main study endpoints were technical success, restenosis rate, rate of target lesion revascularization (TLR), changes in ankle-brachial index (ABI), and quality of life by evaluating the walking impairment questionnaire (WIQ). Safety was assessed by monitoring the occurrence of major adverse clinical events and serious adverse events.
The mean age of the patients was 67.7 years, and 77% were male. The mean lesion length was 5.9 cm. Mean diameter stenosis was reduced from 89.9% to 6.2%, after stent implantation. Technical success was 96.7%. Binary restenosis rate for the 6 and 12 months follow-up was 39.3% and 67.9%, respectively. The TLR rate was 25.0% after 6 months and 57.1% after 12 months. All TLR were successful; the secondary patency rate after 1 year was 89.3%. Between baseline and 12 months, ABI increased in 53.6% of patients. Functional endpoints (WIQ), even if affected by a relatively high reintervention rate, showed improvement in most of the patients.
The GAIA study shows that when using biodegradable PLLA stents (Igaki-Tamai), the immediate angiographic results are comparable to the results of metal stents, achieving a high secondary patency rate after 1 year. Modifications of stent characteristics and technical modifications are needed with the goal to reduce the restenosis rate during the reabsorption period.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Purpose : To evaluate the performance of the Turbo Elite laser catheter in combination with the Turbo-Booster guiding catheter for the treatment of femoropopliteal in-stent restenosis (ISR). Methods : The PATENT study (Photoablation Using the Turbo-Booster and Excimer Laser for In-Stent Restenosis Treatment) was a multicenter prospective industry-sponsored registry involving 5 European centers. Patients with symptomatic femoropopliteal ISR (Rutherford categories 2-5) and an ankle-brachial index ≤0.8 were treated with excimer laser atherectomy (ELA). Ninety patients (65 men; mean age 69.5±9.3 years) were enrolled. The majority of patients were Rutherford category 3 (63, 71.6%), and 32 (35.6%) patients had previous treatment for ISR. The average lesion length was 123±95.9 mm, and 30 (34.1%) lesions were total occlusions. The main efficacy outcome was primary patency at 12 months as measured by duplex ultrasonography. The primary safety outcome was freedom from major adverse events (MAE) during hospitalization and at 30-day follow-up to include all death, unplanned major amputation, or target lesion revascularization (TLR). Results : The Turbo Elite laser catheter created a pilot channel in 87 (96.7%) of 90 lesions, with a mean of 1.5 passes, followed by the Turbo Booster with a mean of 5.7 passes. Adjunctive balloon dilation was performed in 79 (87.8%) lesions. Procedure success (<30% residual stenosis without stenting) was 96.7%. The mean percentage stenosis improved from a baseline of 87.0% to 32.3% after laser atherectomy and to 7.4% after final treatment. The MAE rate through 30 days was 2.2%. Nine (10.0%) patients experienced distal embolization. Estimates of freedom from TLR at 6 and 12 months were 87.8% and 64.4%, respectively. Primary patency at 6 and 12 months was 64.1% and 37.8%, respectively. Only a history of prior intervention for ISR (p<0.01) was a predictor of TLR at 12 months. Conclusion : The PATENT study has established excimer laser atherectomy as safe for the treatment of femoropopliteal ISR, achieving high procedure success. Recurrence of restenosis indicates that removing hyperproliferative tissue alone does not solve the problem of ISR. New concepts, such as the combination of ELA with drug-eluting balloons, may prove beneficial.
Journal of Endovascular Therapy 02/2014; 21(1):52-60. · 2.70 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Purpose : To report outcomes of a multicenter, nonrandomized study evaluating the safety and effectiveness of a guidewire-mounted mechanical recanalization device with a rotating distal tip (TruePath) in facilitating the crossing of infrainguinal chronic total occlusions (CTOs). Methods : Eligible patients had lower extremity ischemia and an angiographically confirmed occlusion, with no antegrade flow for at least 30 days, in an infrainguinal artery. Enrollment occurred when a previous or concurrent attempt to cross the CTO with a conventional guidewire had failed. A total of 85 patients with 85 lesions were enrolled; 61 (71.8%) target lesions were in the superficial femoral artery and 68 (80%) were considered moderately or heavily calcified. Clinical evaluations were assessed immediately post procedure and at 30-day follow-up. Results : Freedom from clinical perforation at the time of the procedure was achieved in 98.8% of patients. The device facilitated CTO crossing into the distal true lumen (technical success) in 68 (80.0%) patients, with subsequent distal guidewire positioning in 65 (76.5%). The average ABI (n=58) improved from 0.65 (range 0.35-1.20) at baseline to 1.00 (range 0.50-2.00) through 30-day follow-up. Symptoms improved in 70 (82.4%) patients upon treatment, and improvement was maintained in 57/70 (81.4%) through 30 days. Conclusion : The ReOpen Study demonstrated that the TruePath device is safe and effective for facilitating crossing of CTOs resistant to conventional guidewire maneuvers.
Journal of Endovascular Therapy 02/2014; 21(1):61-70. · 2.70 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: This study sought to evaluate the safety and efficacy of the Lutonix drug-coated balloon (DCB) coated with 2 μg/mm(2) paclitaxel and a polysorbate/sorbitol carrier for treatment of femoropopliteal lesions.
Percutaneous treatment of peripheral vascular disease is associated with a high recurrence. Paclitaxel-coated balloons at 3 μg/mm(2) formulated differently have shown promising results with reduced restenosis.
Subjects at 9 centers with Rutherford class 2 to 5 femoropopliteal lesions were randomized between June 2009 and December 2009 to treatment with Lutonix DCB (n = 49) versus uncoated balloons (control group [n = 52]), stratified by whether balloon-only treatment (n = 75) or stenting (n = 26) was intended. The primary endpoint was angiographic late lumen loss at 6 months. Secondary outcomes included adjudicated major adverse events (death, amputation, target lesion thrombosis, reintervention), functional outcomes, and pharmacokinetics.
Demographic, peripheral vascular disease, and lesion characteristics were matched, with mean lesion length of 8.1 ± 3.8 cm and 42% total occlusions. At 6 months, late lumen loss was 58% lower for the Lutonix DCB group (0.46 ± 1.13 mm) than for the control group (1.09 ± 1.07 mm; p = 0.016). Composite 24-month major adverse events were 39% for the DCB group, including 15 target lesion revascularizations, 1 amputation, and 4 deaths versus 46% for uncoated balloon group, with 20 target lesion revascularizations, 1 thrombosis, and 5 deaths. Pharmacokinetics showed biexponential decay with peak concentration (Cmax) of 59 ng/ml and total observed exposure (AUCall) of 73 ng h/ml. For successful DCB deployment excluding 8 malfunctions, 6-month late lumen loss was 0.39 mm and the 24-month target lesion revascularization rate was 24%.
Treatment of femoropopliteal lesions with the low-dose Lutonix DCB reduced late lumen loss with safety comparable to that of control angioplasty. (LEVANT I, The Lutonix Paclitaxel-Coated Balloon for the Prevention of Femoropopliteal Restenosis; NCT00930813).
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Purpose : To report the 1-year results of a prospective multicenter trial to evaluate the safety and efficacy of treating symptomatic femoropopliteal occlusive disease using 4-F-compatible materials and no closure device. Methods : The non-randomized 4-EVER trial (4-F endovascular treatment approach to infrainguinal disease) was conducted at 5 European hospitals (ClinicalTrials.gov identifier NCT01413139). The protocol mandated the use of only 4-F sheaths, self-expanding nitinol stents (Astron Pulsar or Pulsar-18 stent), and balloons from a single manufacturer. Between June 2010 and June 2011, 120 symptomatic patients (82 men; mean age 71±9.7 years, range 47-90), primarily claudicants, treated for 120 femoropopliteal lesions (>90% TASC A/B) were enrolled. The mean lesion length was 71.0±45.9 mm. Follow-up evaluations were scheduled on day 1 and at 1, 6, 12, and 24 months. A duplex ultrasound was performed on all follow-up visits to determine vessel patency (primary outcome measure at 1 year), and biplanar radiography was performed at 12 and 24 months to assess stent fracture. Results : Stents were successfully implanted in all patients: an Astron Pulsar stent in 70 (58.3%) lesions and a Pulsar-18 stent in 46 (38.3%); 4 (3.3%) patients had both stents implanted for flow-limiting dissection after predilation. No closure devices were used; the mean manual compression time was 8.1 minutes (2-15). Four (3.3%) patients developed significant hematoma at the puncture site, but none required surgical repair. The overall 12-month primary patency rate was 81.4%: 85.2% for the Astron Pulsar and 73.4% for the Pulsar-18 (p=0.236). Freedom from target lesion revascularization at 12 months for the entire cohort was 89.3%. Conclusion : Compared to published historical data for superficial femoral artery type A/B lesion stenting using 6-F devices, the 4-F devices applied in this trial showed similar patency at 12 months, fewer access site complications, and shorter manual compression times, supporting the supposition that 4-F endovascular treatment is safe and effective.
Journal of Endovascular Therapy 12/2013; 20(6):746-56. · 2.70 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Purpose : To evaluate the efficacy and safety of the EPIC self-expanding nitinol stent in patients with femoropopliteal occlusive disease. Methods : The prospective, multicenter, nonrandomized SUMMIT study (ClinicalTrials.gov identifier NCT01336101) enrolled 100 patients (76 men; mean age 67.6 years) with symptomatic de novo femoropopliteal disease undergoing angioplasty and subsequent implantation of EPIC stents from April 2011 to October 2011. The mean lesion length was 69.5±40.5 mm; 29 of the lesions were total occlusions. Clinical examination and duplex sonography were prospectively performed after 6 and 12 months. The primary endpoint was in-stent restenosis as assessed by duplex ultrasound (peak systolic velocity ratio ≥2.5). Further outcome measures were patency rates, improvement in the Rutherford category and ankle-brachial index (ABI), as well as stent integrity based on plain radiography. Results : A residual stenosis <30% was achieved in all procedures. The primary patency rates were 96.8% after 6 months and 85.1% at 1 year. The secondary patency rates were 97.9% and 91.2% at the same intervals. The 1-year binary >50% restenosis rate was 15.7%. Freedom from target lesion revascularization at 1 year was 92.3%. Between baseline and the 12-month follow-up, the mean ABI increased from 0.73 to 0.96, and the mean Rutherford category decreased from 2.9 to 1.0 (p<0.001 for both comparisons). Plain radiographs from 86 patients at the 12-month examination confirmed the absence of stent fractures. Conclusion : The outcome of the SUMMIT registry demonstrates that the EPIC self-expanding nitinol vascular stent is a safe and effective device for treating peripheral artery disease in the femoropopliteal segment.
Journal of Endovascular Therapy 12/2013; 20(6):759-66. · 2.70 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Aims: The aim of the study was to determine the safety, efficacy and feasibility of a new chronic total occlusion (CTO) device using optical coherence tomography (OCT) technology, the Ocelot catheter (Avinger, Inc., Redwood City, CA, USA), for crossing of SFA CTOs following guidewire failure. Methods and results: Prospective, multicentre, market preference testing. Thirty-three patients with confirmed CTO (99-100% stenosis by visual estimate) of their superficial femoral artery (SFA) were treated between September 28, 2011, and December 9, 2011, at three European centres. Ocelot crossed 94% (31/33) of CTOs, allowing guidewire placement in the distal true lumen. All (100%) lesions were treated without any major adverse safety events. Procedural time and contrast dose were significantly reduced (p<0.0001) when compared with a similar, non-OCT-guided CTO crossing device (Wildcat catheter; Avinger, Inc.). Overall physician feedback on the catheter performance was positive with an 87% average rating of excellent or good across seven categories. Performance ratings of Ocelot's OCT imaging guidance were consistently positive with an 86% average rating of excellent or good across five OCT categories. Conclusions: The Ocelot catheter combines advanced CTO crossing technology with real-time OCT guidance. When compared with a similar non-OCT-guided catheter, crossing efficacy and safety profile improved. Total procedure time and contrast volumes were significantly reduced. The Ocelot is a safe, efficient and effective tool for crossing CTOs.
EuroIntervention: journal of EuroPCR in collaboration with the Working Group on Interventional Cardiology of the European Society of Cardiology 07/2013; · 3.17 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Stenting has been shown to improve patency after femoral artery revascularization in comparison to balloon angioplasty (PTA). Limited data are available evaluating endovascular treatment for obstructive lesions of the popliteal artery (PA). METHODS AND RESULTS: This prospective, randomized, multi-centre trial compares primary nitinol stent (NS) placement to PTA in patients with peripheral artery disease Rutherford-Becker class (RC) 2-5 who had a de-novo lesion in the PA. The primary study endpoint was 1-year primary patency defined as freedom from target lesion restenosis (luminal narrowing of ≥50%) detected with duplex ultrasound. Secondary endpoints included target lesion revascularization (TLR) rate and changes in RC. Provisional stent placement was considered as TLR and loss of primary patency.Two-hundred-forty-six patients were included in this trial. The mean target lesion length was 42.3mm. One-hundred-ninety-seven patients were available for the1-year follow-up. The 1-year primary patency rate was significantly higher in the NS group (67.4%) than in the PTA group (44.9%, P=0.002). TLR rates were 14.7% and 44.1% (P=0.0001). However, when provisional NS placement was not considered as TLR and loss in patency no significant differences prevailed between the study groups (67.4% vs. 65.7%, P=0.92 for primary patency). Approximately 73% of patients in the PTA group and 77% in the NS group showed an improvement of at least one RC (P=0.31). CONCLUSIONS: Primary NS of obstructive lesions of the popliteal artery achieves superior acute technical success and higher 1-year primary patency, only if provisional stenting is considered as TLR. Provisional stenting, as part of a PTA strategy has equivalent 1-year patency, and should be preferred over primary stenting. CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION INFORMATION: www.clinicaltrials.gov. Identifier: NCT00712309.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Purpose : To provide evidence for the safety and efficacy of the Proteus embolic capture balloon in lower limb interventions and to evaluate its indications for use. Methods : The study was designed as a prospective, multicenter, non-randomized, single arm study enrolling 123 patients (78 men; mean age 68 years). The primary endpoint was rate of freedom from death, amputation, and target vessel revascularization (TVR) at 30 days post procedure. Follow-up was performed at 30 days and at 12 months. Results : The freedom from death, amputation, and TVR rate was 95.9% (118/123). Procedure and device success rates were 98.7% (218/223) and 97.8% (156/158), respectively. TVR and death rates at 12 months were 18.8% and 4.1%, respectively. Histological analysis identified particles in 100% of the balloons. The median number of particles per subject was 339 (range 63-4361). Medians of particle size and total particle area were 0.8 (range 0.3-8.3) and 1.0 mm(2) (range 0.1-237) per balloon, respectively. Particles >1 mm were found in 37% (53/143) of the balloons analyzed. Higher mean number, length, and surface area of particles were found in long lesions (909±1057, 2.6±2.3 mm, and 18.2±44.2 mm(2), respectively; all p<0.0001 vs. short lesions). Additionally, longer particles were found in total occlusions (2.5±2.5 mm, p<0.0001), and a higher mean particle count was found in thrombotic lesions (1785±1821, p<0.05). De novo lesions had more thrombotic material than any other type of lesion. Conclusion : Proteus demonstrated good particle capture ability, making it a useful tool in situations where embolism is anticipated, such as complex lesions with calcified or thrombotic material and/or lesions with high plaque burden (i.e., long and totally occluded).
Journal of Endovascular Therapy 05/2013; 20(3):409-19. · 2.70 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE: Angioplasty and stenting are options for revascularization of symptomatic femoral popliteal disease. Although angioplasty alone is effective in short lesions, longer lesions are often treated with stents. Multiple overlapping stents are expensive and may be associated with stent fracture. This trial evaluated the safety and efficacy of a single self-expanding stent up to 20 cm in length in patients with atherosclerotic disease of the superficial femoral artery (SFA) and proximal popliteal artery. METHODS: Patients with lesions >4 cm and <18 cm were enrolled in this nonrandomized, prospective, multicenter trial that evaluated the Protégé EverFlex Self-Expanding Peripheral Stent System (Covidien, Plymouth, Minn). The study's primary end points were the 30-day major adverse event rate and duplex ultrasound-assessed patency at 1 year. These were compared with published performance goals. A preplanned analysis was conducted for the primary effectiveness end points at 1 year. Follow-up, including history, ankle-brachial index, patient-reported outcomes, duplex ultrasound assessment, and radiographs, is planned through 3 years. There was core laboratory review of angiograms, ultrasound scans, and plain radiographs. A subgroup of patients was studied with graded treadmill testing. RESULTS: The study enrolled 287 patients (66% male; mean age, 68 years) with stenotic, restenotic, or occluded lesions of the SFA at 44 investigational sites in the United States and Europe. Systemic comorbidities included hypertension (88%), hyperlipidemia (86%), diabetes (43%), and prior SFA intervention (41%). The mean lesion length measured by the core laboratory was 89 mm. The mean normal-to-normal lesion length measured by sites was 110 mm. A total of 303 stents were implanted, and 95% of patients received a single stent. No major adverse events occurred at 30 days. At 1 year, primary outcome of duplex ultrasound stent patency was 67.7% in evaluable patients, and among 1-year secondary outcomes, the mean ankle-brachial index increased by 0.25. Walking Improvement Questionnaire scores improved in pain by 33.7, distance by 37.1, speed by 18.6, and stair climbing by 24.7. The Kaplan-Meier estimate of primary patency was 77.2%, primary assisted patency was 86.9%, and secondary patency was 87.3%. Rutherford clinical category improved in 83.5% of patients. Stent fracture rate was 0.4%. Matched absolute claudication distance was 412 feet greater and was not statistically different in this subgroup of 29 individuals. CONCLUSIONS: The results of DURABILITY II (StuDy for EvalUating EndovasculaR TreAtments of Lesions in the Superficial Femoral Artery and Proximal Popliteal By usIng the Protégé EverfLex NitInol Stent SYstem II) suggest that a new single stent strategy is safe and effective for the treatment of long lesions of the SFA and proximal popliteal arteries at 1 year.
Journal of vascular surgery: official publication, the Society for Vascular Surgery [and] International Society for Cardiovascular Surgery, North American Chapter 05/2013; · 3.52 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE: A prospective, multinational randomized controlled trial (RCT) and a complementary single-arm study evaluated the 2-year safety and effectiveness of a paclitaxel-coated drug-eluting stent (DES) in patients with superficial femoral artery (SFA) lesions. The RCT compared the DES to percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA) and provisional bare metal stent (BMS) placement. BACKGROUND: Local drug delivery for SFA lesions has been investigated with the intent of limiting restenosis similarly to DES for the coronary arteries. One-year outcomes of DES in the SFA are promising but longer-term benefits have not been established. METHODS: In the RCT, patients were randomly assigned to primary DES (n=236) or PTA (n=238). Acute PTA failure occurred in 120 patients, who underwent secondary randomization to DES (n=61) or BMS (n=59). The single-arm study enrolled 787 patients with DES treatment. RESULTS: Compared with the control group, the primary DES group demonstrated significantly superior 2-year event-free survival (86.6% versus 77.9%; p=0.02) and primary patency (74.8% versus 26.5%; p<0.01). In addition, the provisional DES group exhibited superior 2-year primary patency compared with the provisional BMS group (83.4% versus 64.1%; p<0.01) and achieved higher sustained clinical benefit (83.9% versus 68.4%; p=0.05). The 2-year freedom from target lesion revascularization with primary DES was 80.5% in the single-arm study and 86.6% in the RCT. CONCLUSIONS: The 2-year outcomes with the paclitaxel-eluting stent support its sustained safety and effectiveness in patients with femoropopliteal arterial disease, including the long-term superiority of the DES to PTA and to provisional BMS.
Journal of the American College of Cardiology 04/2013; · 14.09 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Background: To report feasibility and safety of the Pathway PV™ Atherectomy System during percutaneous peripheral vascular interventions of in-stent restenosis. Patients and methods: 33 patients (66.7 % men; mean age 68.7 years; 39.4 % diabetics) with symptomatic infrainguinal in-stent restenosis were enrolled at 5 study sites. Primary study endpoint was the 30-day serious adverse event (SAE) rate. At one study site a subgroup of 13 patients was scheduled for additional follow-up examinations with duplex Results: Forty lesions with a mean lesion length of 85.7 mm (range 6 - 370 mm) were treated including total occlusions (20 %) and infrapopliteal lesions (5 %). In sixteen target lesions (40 %) procedural success was reached with atherectomy alone, 23 lesions (57.5 %) received adjunctive percutaneous transluminal angioplasty to obtain a sufficient angiographic result. Freedom from device-related SAEs was 100 %. Overall there were 11 unexpected adverse events in 11 patients, two of which were serious (retroperitoneal bleeding and access site infection). The ankle-brachial index increased significantly from 0.65 ± 0.13 at baseline to 0.82 ± 0.15 at 30 days. Mean Rutherford category improved from 2.8 ± 0.7 at baseline to 1.0 ± 1.2. In the subgroup with longer follow- up primary patency was 33 % after 12 months and 25 % after 24 months. Secondary patency was 92 % after 12 and 24 months. Conclusions: The use of the Pathway PV™ System during percutaneous peripheral vascular interventions of in-stent restenosis appears to be feasible and safe but does not seem to offer a sustainable solution regarding long term patency. A combination with drug eluting balloon angioplasty could be an interesting option and should be evaluated in further clinical trials.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Aims: Carotid artery stenting (CAS) has become an alternative to carotid endarterectomy in the treatment of carotid artery disease. The use of an embolic protection device (EPD) can reduce the frequency of embolic events during CAS. Difficult vascular anatomy may complicate current generation EPD placement. This problem is addressed by a new EPD, the GARDEX System. The aim of this study was to assess the safety and performance of the GARDEX EPD during CAS. Methods and results: Thirty-eight patients underwent CAS with the GARDEX EPD in two medical centres. All patients were prospectively followed up for 30 days. Device performance and procedural details were collected and analysed prospectively. Vessel anatomy and lesion morphology were evaluated and stratified into a scoring system for anatomic difficulty. More than a third of the patients were considered to have difficult vascular anatomy for CAS. All enrolled patients were successfully treated. There was one (2.6%) minor periprocedural stroke and there were two (5.3%) periprocedural TIAs which resolved within 24 hours. No additional complications were noted during the 30-day follow-up period. Conclusions: In this first experience, CAS under cerebral protection with the GARDEX EPD was safe and feasible. Our data suggest that the use of the GARDEX EPD is simple and shows high success rates even in challenging anatomies. The role of this new device in CAS needs to be further confirmed in a larger patient population.
EuroIntervention: journal of EuroPCR in collaboration with the Working Group on Interventional Cardiology of the European Society of Cardiology 01/2013; 8(9):1026-32. · 3.17 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE: This multicenter, prospective, nonrandomized trial was undertaken to evaluate the first-in-human experience with the INCRAFT endograft (Cordis Corporation, Bridgewater, NJ), an ultralow-profile trimodular bifurcate device for the repair of abdominal aortic aneurysms. METHODS: Patients with asymptomatic infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysms were eligible for enrollment in the trial. Anatomic eligibility criteria included a proximal aortic neck at least 15 mm in length and up to 27 mm in diameter, and an aortic bifurcation ≥18 mm in diameter. Iliofemoral access vessels were required to be large enough to accept the 14F (4.7 mm) outer diameter of the delivery system. The primary efficacy end point was technical success, defined by successful device deployment during the conclusion of the procedure at the desired location without a type I, III, or IV endoleak. The primary safety end point was defined by the absence of a type I, III, or IV endoleak or a device- or procedure-related major adverse event at the 1-month follow-up point. RESULTS: Over a 16-month period divided into two different phases, 57 men and three women with a mean age of 74.4 ± 6.9 years were enrolled at three German and three Italian centers. A percutaneous approach was used in 36 patients (60%). Successful graft deployment at the desired location was achieved in 59 patients (98%). A single patient had successful deployment of the device although it was located more distally than planned. Technical success was achieved in 54 patients (90%); one patient had a type I endoleak, four had type IV endoleaks, and one had an endoleak of undetermined origin. The primary safety end point was met in 56 of the 58 patients (97%) with complete core laboratory data at 1 month; two patients had type I endoleaks. There were no type III or IV endoleaks and no device or procedure-related major adverse events at 1 month. No limb thromboses or stent fractures were noted on postoperative imaging studies and no patient required rehospitalization, a secondary procedure, or open surgical conversion through 1 month of follow-up. CONCLUSIONS: The INCRAFT endograft device holds promise as an innovative alternative to currently marketed devices and broadens the eligibility for endovascular aneurysm repair. More definitive observations will be generated as longer-term data from this trial become available.
Journal of vascular surgery: official publication, the Society for Vascular Surgery [and] International Society for Cardiovascular Surgery, North American Chapter 01/2013; · 3.52 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We examined the efficacy and durability of a new interwoven self-expanding nitinol stent system in the treatment of complex popliteal artery lesions in unselected patients.
The optimal endovascular treatment strategy for atherosclerotic popliteal artery disease is not known.
We retrospectively analyzed the data gathered in 101 consecutive patients presenting with atherosclerotic, popliteal arterial disease, who underwent implantation of 125 stents. The patients were followed for 12 months by Doppler ultrasound examinations, stent roentgenograms, and estimation of Rutherford-Becker class (RBC) and ankle-brachial index (ABI).
The mean age of the patients was 73.1 years, and 52.5% were men. Total occlusions were present in 48 patients (47.5%). The mean stent length was 84.3 ± 45.1 mm (range 40 to 240 mm). A <30% residual stenosis was achieved in 98.0% of procedures. The 6- and 12-month primary patency rates were 94.6 ± 2.3% and 87.7 ± 3.7%, respectively, and the secondary patency rates 97.9 ± 1.5% and 96.5 ± 2.0%, respectively. Between baseline and 12 months of follow-up, mean ABI increased from 0.58 ± 0.15 to 0.97 ± 0.18, and mean RBC decreased from 3.1 ± 0.9 to 1.4 ± 0.8 (p < 0.001 for both comparisons). Radiographs performed on 51 patients, at a mean of 15.2 months, confirmed the absence of stent fractures in 100% of examinations.
Over a 12-month observation period, the patency rate and durability of SUPERA stents implanted for severe popliteal artery disease were high.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The study investigated the efficacy and safety of a balloon expandable, sirolimus-eluting stent (SES) in patients with symptomatic infrapopliteal arterial disease.
Results of infrapopliteal interventions using balloon angioplasty and/or bare stents are limited by a relatively high restenosis rate, which could be potentially improved by stabilizing the lesion with a SES.
Two hundred patients (total lesion length 27 ± 21 mm) were randomized to infrapopliteal SES stenting or percutaneous transluminal balloon angioplasty (PTA). The primary endpoint was 1-year in-segment binary restenosis by quantitative angiography.
Ninety-nine and 101 patients (mean age 73.4 years; 64% diabetics) were randomized to SES and PTA, respectively (8 crossover bailout cases to SES). At 1 year, there were lower angiographic restenosis rates (22.4% vs. 41.9%, p = 0.019), greater vessel patency (75.0% vs. 57.1%, p =0.025), and similar death, repeat revascularization, index-limb amputation rates, and proportions of patients with improved Rutherford class for SES versus PTA.
SES implantation may offer a promising therapeutic alternative to PTA for treatment of infrapopliteal peripheral arterial disease.
Journal of the American College of Cardiology 12/2012; 60(22):2290-5. · 14.09 Impact Factor