Dierk Scheinert

Heart & Vascular Center, Göttingen, Lower Saxony, Germany

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Publications (136)489.68 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Endovascular treatment of the infrarenal abdominal aorta (endovascular repair, EVAR) has emerged as an alternative to open surgery. However, a small subset of patients exists who undergo conversion either in the first 30 postoperative days or later during the course of postoperative surveillance. In the present study, we review our experience with late conversion operations.
    Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery 06/2014; · 1.11 Impact Factor
  • International journal of cardiology 04/2014; · 7.08 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose : To investigate the effect of renal denervation (RDN) on blood pressure and renal function in refractory hypertension after renal artery recanalization and optimal medical therapy. Methods : Ten patients (6 women; mean age 70.0±5.1 years) with an office systolic blood pressure >160 mmHg despite taking ≥3 antihypertensive drugs and uni- or bilateral renal artery stenting were treated with RDN. Radiofrequency (RF) energy was delivered to the native segment of the artery keeping a 5-mm safe distance from the stented segments. Standardized office (OBP) and ambulatory (ABP) blood pressure measurements, medication, and renal assessment, including renal duplex ultrasound and renal function, were determined at baseline and on follow-up to 12 months. Results : OBP (systolic/diastolic) at baseline was 190.0±20.4 / 84.2±10.1 mmHg. It decreased to 171.1±28.7* / 82.2±8.7, 165.5±28.4(†) / 76.1±7.4, and 158.3±14.2(†) / 75.5±9.5(†) mmHg (*p<0.001; (†)p<0.01) at 3, 6, and 12 months after RDN, respectively. Average ABP (systolic/diastolic) after 6 and 12 months decreased by -7.6(‡) / -3.1 and -11.3(‡) / -5.1(‡) mmHg ((‡)p<0.05). There was no renal artery (re)stenosis, dissection, or aneurysm within 12 months. Creatinine, cystatin C, and glomerular filtration rate remained unchanged. Urine albumin excretion decreased in 4/10 patients. Renal resistive indices improved in native, but not in stented renal arteries within the follow-up period. Conclusion : This proof-of-concept study demonstrates that RF-based RDN can be safely and effectively delivered in patients with resistant hypertension and previous renal artery stenting.
    Journal of Endovascular Therapy 04/2014; 21(2):181-90. · 2.70 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose : To determine the safety and efficacy of a new-generation nitinol stent with enhanced flexibility in arterial lesions in the superficial femoral artery (SFA) and proximal popliteal artery (PPA). Methods : The Complete Self-Expanding (SE) Multicenter Trial (ClinicalTrials.gov identifier NCT00814970) enrolled 196 patients (124 men; mean age 68.7±10.5 years) from 28 centers in the United States and Europe. The patients presented with intermittent claudication (193/196) or ischemic rest pain (3/196) and were treated with nitinol stents for obstructive lesions of the SFA or PPA. Over a quarter of lesions (29.9%) were chronic total occlusions. The mean lesion length was 60.7 mm. Moderate to severe calcification was present in 91.0% of lesions. Results : A total of 225 stents were successfully implanted in 213 (99.5%) of 214 lesions. Acute lesion success (<30% residual stenosis) was achieved in 90.0%. There were no in-hospital major adverse events. Primary patency (defined as a peak systolic velocity ratio <2.0) at 12 months was 72.6%. Clinically-driven target lesion revascularization (TLR) was required in 8.4% of patients at 12 months. The mean ankle-brachial index increased from 0.7 at baseline to 0.9, and there was sustained improvement in the Rutherford category, with 83% of patients classified as Rutherford category 0 or 1 at 12-month follow-up. No stent fractures were detected through 12 months. Conclusion : In this multicenter trial, primary implantation of a new-generation self-expanding nitinol stent in the SFA and PPA was associated with a low rate of TLR and sustained clinical benefit at 12 months without stent fracture.
    Journal of Endovascular Therapy 04/2014; 21(2):202-12. · 2.70 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Aims: To examine the efficacy and durability of an interwoven self-expanding nitinol stent in the treatment of complex femoropopliteal artery lesions in unselected patients. Methods and results: Five hundred and twenty-seven limbs in 470 patients with femoropopliteal arterial disease were treated with SUPERA stents. Follow-up data were prospectively collected in a single-centre registry and were available for 439 patients (492 limbs). The patients were followed by Doppler ultrasound, stent roentgenograms, estimation of Rutherford-Becker class (RBC) and ankle-brachial index (ABI). Total occlusions were present in 277 limbs (52.6%) and 52.4% had either moderate or severe calcification. The mean lesion length was 126.4 mm. The primary patency (PP) rates were 83.3% after 12 months and 72.8% at two years. The secondary patency rates were 98.1% after 12 months and 92.0% at two years. Patency rates did not differ between superficial femoral artery (SFA) and popliteal lesions. Between baseline and a mean of 21 months of follow-up, mean ABI increased from 0.53 to 0.91, and mean RBC decreased from 3.0 to 1.9 (p<0.001 for both comparisons). Radiographs performed on 229 patients at a mean of 16.6 months confirmed the absence of stent fractures in all patients. Conclusions: Over a two-year surveillance period, the patency rate and fracture resistance of SUPERA stents implanted for complex femoropopliteal artery disease were high.
    EuroIntervention: journal of EuroPCR in collaboration with the Working Group on Interventional Cardiology of the European Society of Cardiology 03/2014; · 3.17 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The effectiveness and durability of endovascular revascularization therapies for chronic critical limb ischemia (CLI) are challenged by the extensive burden of infrapopliteal arterial disease and lesion-related characteristics (e.g., severe calcification, chronic total occlusions), which frequently result in poor clinical outcomes. While infrapopliteal vessel patency directly affects pain relief and wound healing, sustained patency and extravascular care both contribute to the ultimate "patient-centric" outcomes of functional limb preservation, mobility and quality of life (QoL).Methods/design: IN.PACT DEEP is a 2:1 randomized controlled trial designed to assess the efficacy and safety of infrapopliteal arterial revascularization between the IN.PACT AmphirionTM paclitaxel drug-eluting balloon (IA-DEB) and standard balloon angioplasty (PTA) in patients with Rutherford Class 4-5-6 CLI. This multicenter trial has enrolled 358 patients at 13 European centers with independent angiographic core lab adjudication of the primary efficacy endpoint of target lesion late luminal loss (LLL) and clinically driven target lesion revascularization (TLR) in major amputation-free surviving patients through 12-months. An independent wound core lab will evaluate all ischemic wounds to assess the extent of healing and time to healing at 1, 6, and 12 months. A QoL questionnaire including a pain scale will assess changes from baseline scores through 12 months. A Clinical Events Committee and Data Safety Monitoring Board will adjudicate the composite primary safety endpoints of all-cause death, major amputation, and clinically driven TLR at 6 months and other trial endpoints and supervise patient safety throughout the study. All patients will be followed for 5 years. A literature review is presented of the current status of endovascular treatment of CLI with drug-eluting balloon and standard PTA. The rationale and design of the IN.PACT DEEP Trial are discussed.. IN.PACT DEEP is a milestone, prospective, randomized, robust, independent core lab-adjudicated CLI trial that will evaluate the role of a new infrapopliteal revascularization technology, the IA-DEB, compared to PTA. It will assess the overall impact on infrapopliteal artery patency, limb salvage, wound healing, pain control, QoL, and patient mobility. The 1-year results of the adjudicated co-primary and secondary endpoints will be available in 2014.Trial registration: NCT00941733.
    Trials 02/2014; 15(1):63. · 2.21 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The goal of this study was to evaluate the safety and performance of the Igaki-Tamai (Igaki Medical Planning Company, Kyoto, Japan) biodegradable stent in patients with occlusive superficial femoral artery (SFA) disease. Poly-L-lactic acid (PLLA) biodegradable stents have been shown to be effective in the coronaries, but no data are available regarding their efficacy in the femoral artery. A prospective, multicenter, nonrandomized study enrolled 30 patients with symptomatic de novo SFA disease undergoing implantation of Igaki-Tamai bioresorbable stents. Clinical examinations and duplex ultrasound were prospectively performed after 1, 6, 9, and 12 months. The main study endpoints were technical success, restenosis rate, rate of target lesion revascularization (TLR), changes in ankle-brachial index (ABI), and quality of life by evaluating the walking impairment questionnaire (WIQ). Safety was assessed by monitoring the occurrence of major adverse clinical events and serious adverse events. The mean age of the patients was 67.7 years, and 77% were male. The mean lesion length was 5.9 cm. Mean diameter stenosis was reduced from 89.9% to 6.2%, after stent implantation. Technical success was 96.7%. Binary restenosis rate for the 6 and 12 months follow-up was 39.3% and 67.9%, respectively. The TLR rate was 25.0% after 6 months and 57.1% after 12 months. All TLR were successful; the secondary patency rate after 1 year was 89.3%. Between baseline and 12 months, ABI increased in 53.6% of patients. Functional endpoints (WIQ), even if affected by a relatively high reintervention rate, showed improvement in most of the patients. The GAIA study shows that when using biodegradable PLLA stents (Igaki-Tamai), the immediate angiographic results are comparable to the results of metal stents, achieving a high secondary patency rate after 1 year. Modifications of stent characteristics and technical modifications are needed with the goal to reduce the restenosis rate during the reabsorption period.
    JACC. Cardiovascular Interventions 02/2014; · 1.07 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose : To evaluate the performance of the Turbo Elite laser catheter in combination with the Turbo-Booster guiding catheter for the treatment of femoropopliteal in-stent restenosis (ISR). Methods : The PATENT study (Photoablation Using the Turbo-Booster and Excimer Laser for In-Stent Restenosis Treatment) was a multicenter prospective industry-sponsored registry involving 5 European centers. Patients with symptomatic femoropopliteal ISR (Rutherford categories 2-5) and an ankle-brachial index ≤0.8 were treated with excimer laser atherectomy (ELA). Ninety patients (65 men; mean age 69.5±9.3 years) were enrolled. The majority of patients were Rutherford category 3 (63, 71.6%), and 32 (35.6%) patients had previous treatment for ISR. The average lesion length was 123±95.9 mm, and 30 (34.1%) lesions were total occlusions. The main efficacy outcome was primary patency at 12 months as measured by duplex ultrasonography. The primary safety outcome was freedom from major adverse events (MAE) during hospitalization and at 30-day follow-up to include all death, unplanned major amputation, or target lesion revascularization (TLR). Results : The Turbo Elite laser catheter created a pilot channel in 87 (96.7%) of 90 lesions, with a mean of 1.5 passes, followed by the Turbo Booster with a mean of 5.7 passes. Adjunctive balloon dilation was performed in 79 (87.8%) lesions. Procedure success (<30% residual stenosis without stenting) was 96.7%. The mean percentage stenosis improved from a baseline of 87.0% to 32.3% after laser atherectomy and to 7.4% after final treatment. The MAE rate through 30 days was 2.2%. Nine (10.0%) patients experienced distal embolization. Estimates of freedom from TLR at 6 and 12 months were 87.8% and 64.4%, respectively. Primary patency at 6 and 12 months was 64.1% and 37.8%, respectively. Only a history of prior intervention for ISR (p<0.01) was a predictor of TLR at 12 months. Conclusion : The PATENT study has established excimer laser atherectomy as safe for the treatment of femoropopliteal ISR, achieving high procedure success. Recurrence of restenosis indicates that removing hyperproliferative tissue alone does not solve the problem of ISR. New concepts, such as the combination of ELA with drug-eluting balloons, may prove beneficial.
    Journal of Endovascular Therapy 02/2014; 21(1):52-60. · 2.70 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose : To report outcomes of a multicenter, nonrandomized study evaluating the safety and effectiveness of a guidewire-mounted mechanical recanalization device with a rotating distal tip (TruePath) in facilitating the crossing of infrainguinal chronic total occlusions (CTOs). Methods : Eligible patients had lower extremity ischemia and an angiographically confirmed occlusion, with no antegrade flow for at least 30 days, in an infrainguinal artery. Enrollment occurred when a previous or concurrent attempt to cross the CTO with a conventional guidewire had failed. A total of 85 patients with 85 lesions were enrolled; 61 (71.8%) target lesions were in the superficial femoral artery and 68 (80%) were considered moderately or heavily calcified. Clinical evaluations were assessed immediately post procedure and at 30-day follow-up. Results : Freedom from clinical perforation at the time of the procedure was achieved in 98.8% of patients. The device facilitated CTO crossing into the distal true lumen (technical success) in 68 (80.0%) patients, with subsequent distal guidewire positioning in 65 (76.5%). The average ABI (n=58) improved from 0.65 (range 0.35-1.20) at baseline to 1.00 (range 0.50-2.00) through 30-day follow-up. Symptoms improved in 70 (82.4%) patients upon treatment, and improvement was maintained in 57/70 (81.4%) through 30 days. Conclusion : The ReOpen Study demonstrated that the TruePath device is safe and effective for facilitating crossing of CTOs resistant to conventional guidewire maneuvers.
    Journal of Endovascular Therapy 02/2014; 21(1):61-70. · 2.70 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Aim: Endovascular repair has surpassed open surgical treatment as the most common procedure in patients with abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA), yet its applicability remains limited to those with aortoiliac anatomy suitable for the introduction and deployment of the devices. The current study was performed to assess the safety and efficacy of INCRAFT® (Cordis Corporation, Bridgewater, NJ), an ultra-low-profile device for the treatment of AAA. Methods: The INNOVATION study is a first in human prospective, multicenter trial involving 6 centers in Europe. From March 2010 to June 2011 60 patients with asymptomatic AAA were treated with the INCRAFT® bifurcated Stent-Graft System. The main inclusion criteria were a proximal aortic neck of 15 mm or more in length and up to 27 mm in diameter; iliac landing zones greater than 10 mm in length and between 9 and 18 mm in diameter; an access vessel large enough to accept the 14F outer diameter of the delivery system; and an aortic bifurcation >18 mm in diameter. The primary endpoint was technical success at one-month; one-year safety endpoints included the absence of device- or procedure-related major adverse events; absence of type I or III endoleaks; and maintenance of device integrity through one year of follow-up. Results: Among 60 patients treated at six centers, the primary endpoint was met in 56 of 58 patients (97%; 95% CI, 88-100%) who came back for one month follow-up, two patients did not come back for their one month follow-up assessments but remained enrolled in the study. Fifty-six had one-year follow-up data showing 100% freedom from aneurysm enlargement with absence of type I and III endoleaks in all patients. There were two patients (3.6%) with a type Ia endoleak which was successfully treated with secondary endovascular intervention in both occasions. Core laboratory evaluation of the postoperative imaging studies documented absence of endograft migration, stent fracture, or limb occlusion. A single patient (1.8%) died within one year due to sepsis unrelated to the AAA. Conclusion: The results of the INNOVATION study with the INCRAFT® Stent-Graft are encouraging, with satisfactory clinical outcome and device durability through one-year of follow-up. The INCRAFT® device is a novel ultra-low-profile endograft that holds promise to broaden the patient population eligible for endovascular aneurysm repair.
    The Journal of cardiovascular surgery 02/2014; 55(1):51-9. · 1.51 Impact Factor
  • International Journal of Cardiology. 01/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: This study sought to evaluate the safety and efficacy of the Lutonix drug-coated balloon (DCB) coated with 2 μg/mm(2) paclitaxel and a polysorbate/sorbitol carrier for treatment of femoropopliteal lesions. Percutaneous treatment of peripheral vascular disease is associated with a high recurrence. Paclitaxel-coated balloons at 3 μg/mm(2) formulated differently have shown promising results with reduced restenosis. Subjects at 9 centers with Rutherford class 2 to 5 femoropopliteal lesions were randomized between June 2009 and December 2009 to treatment with Lutonix DCB (n = 49) versus uncoated balloons (control group [n = 52]), stratified by whether balloon-only treatment (n = 75) or stenting (n = 26) was intended. The primary endpoint was angiographic late lumen loss at 6 months. Secondary outcomes included adjudicated major adverse events (death, amputation, target lesion thrombosis, reintervention), functional outcomes, and pharmacokinetics. Demographic, peripheral vascular disease, and lesion characteristics were matched, with mean lesion length of 8.1 ± 3.8 cm and 42% total occlusions. At 6 months, late lumen loss was 58% lower for the Lutonix DCB group (0.46 ± 1.13 mm) than for the control group (1.09 ± 1.07 mm; p = 0.016). Composite 24-month major adverse events were 39% for the DCB group, including 15 target lesion revascularizations, 1 amputation, and 4 deaths versus 46% for uncoated balloon group, with 20 target lesion revascularizations, 1 thrombosis, and 5 deaths. Pharmacokinetics showed biexponential decay with peak concentration (Cmax) of 59 ng/ml and total observed exposure (AUCall) of 73 ng h/ml. For successful DCB deployment excluding 8 malfunctions, 6-month late lumen loss was 0.39 mm and the 24-month target lesion revascularization rate was 24%. Treatment of femoropopliteal lesions with the low-dose Lutonix DCB reduced late lumen loss with safety comparable to that of control angioplasty. (LEVANT I, The Lutonix Paclitaxel-Coated Balloon for the Prevention of Femoropopliteal Restenosis; NCT00930813).
    JACC. Cardiovascular Interventions 01/2014; 7(1):10-9. · 1.07 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose : To report the 1-year results of a prospective multicenter trial to evaluate the safety and efficacy of treating symptomatic femoropopliteal occlusive disease using 4-F-compatible materials and no closure device. Methods : The non-randomized 4-EVER trial (4-F endovascular treatment approach to infrainguinal disease) was conducted at 5 European hospitals (ClinicalTrials.gov identifier NCT01413139). The protocol mandated the use of only 4-F sheaths, self-expanding nitinol stents (Astron Pulsar or Pulsar-18 stent), and balloons from a single manufacturer. Between June 2010 and June 2011, 120 symptomatic patients (82 men; mean age 71±9.7 years, range 47-90), primarily claudicants, treated for 120 femoropopliteal lesions (>90% TASC A/B) were enrolled. The mean lesion length was 71.0±45.9 mm. Follow-up evaluations were scheduled on day 1 and at 1, 6, 12, and 24 months. A duplex ultrasound was performed on all follow-up visits to determine vessel patency (primary outcome measure at 1 year), and biplanar radiography was performed at 12 and 24 months to assess stent fracture. Results : Stents were successfully implanted in all patients: an Astron Pulsar stent in 70 (58.3%) lesions and a Pulsar-18 stent in 46 (38.3%); 4 (3.3%) patients had both stents implanted for flow-limiting dissection after predilation. No closure devices were used; the mean manual compression time was 8.1 minutes (2-15). Four (3.3%) patients developed significant hematoma at the puncture site, but none required surgical repair. The overall 12-month primary patency rate was 81.4%: 85.2% for the Astron Pulsar and 73.4% for the Pulsar-18 (p=0.236). Freedom from target lesion revascularization at 12 months for the entire cohort was 89.3%. Conclusion : Compared to published historical data for superficial femoral artery type A/B lesion stenting using 6-F devices, the 4-F devices applied in this trial showed similar patency at 12 months, fewer access site complications, and shorter manual compression times, supporting the supposition that 4-F endovascular treatment is safe and effective.
    Journal of Endovascular Therapy 12/2013; 20(6):746-56. · 2.70 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose : To evaluate the efficacy and safety of the EPIC self-expanding nitinol stent in patients with femoropopliteal occlusive disease. Methods : The prospective, multicenter, nonrandomized SUMMIT study (ClinicalTrials.gov identifier NCT01336101) enrolled 100 patients (76 men; mean age 67.6 years) with symptomatic de novo femoropopliteal disease undergoing angioplasty and subsequent implantation of EPIC stents from April 2011 to October 2011. The mean lesion length was 69.5±40.5 mm; 29 of the lesions were total occlusions. Clinical examination and duplex sonography were prospectively performed after 6 and 12 months. The primary endpoint was in-stent restenosis as assessed by duplex ultrasound (peak systolic velocity ratio ≥2.5). Further outcome measures were patency rates, improvement in the Rutherford category and ankle-brachial index (ABI), as well as stent integrity based on plain radiography. Results : A residual stenosis <30% was achieved in all procedures. The primary patency rates were 96.8% after 6 months and 85.1% at 1 year. The secondary patency rates were 97.9% and 91.2% at the same intervals. The 1-year binary >50% restenosis rate was 15.7%. Freedom from target lesion revascularization at 1 year was 92.3%. Between baseline and the 12-month follow-up, the mean ABI increased from 0.73 to 0.96, and the mean Rutherford category decreased from 2.9 to 1.0 (p<0.001 for both comparisons). Plain radiographs from 86 patients at the 12-month examination confirmed the absence of stent fractures. Conclusion : The outcome of the SUMMIT registry demonstrates that the EPIC self-expanding nitinol vascular stent is a safe and effective device for treating peripheral artery disease in the femoropopliteal segment.
    Journal of Endovascular Therapy 12/2013; 20(6):759-66. · 2.70 Impact Factor
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    European Journal of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery 11/2013; · 2.82 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVES: ACST-2 is currently the largest trial ever conducted to compare carotid artery stenting (CAS) with carotid endarterectomy (CEA) in patients with severe asymptomatic carotid stenosis requiring revascularization. METHODS: Patients are entered into ACST-2 when revascularization is felt to be clearly indicated, when CEA and CAS are both possible, but where there is substantial uncertainty as to which is most appropriate. Trial surgeons and interventionalists are expected to use their usual techniques and CE-approved devices. We report baseline characteristics and blinded combined interim results for 30-day mortality and major morbidity for 986 patients in the ongoing trial up to September 2012. RESULTS: A total of 986 patients (687 men, 299 women), mean age 68.7 years (SD ± 8.1) were randomized equally to CEA or CAS. Most (96%) had ipsilateral stenosis of 70-99% (median 80%) with contralateral stenoses of 50-99% in 30% and contralateral occlusion in 8%. Patients were on appropriate medical treatment. For 691 patients undergoing intervention with at least 1-month follow-up and Rankin scoring at 6 months for any stroke, the overall serious cardiovascular event rate of periprocedural (within 30 days) disabling stroke, fatal myocardial infarction, and death at 30 days was 1.0%. CONCLUSIONS: Early ACST-2 results suggest contemporary carotid intervention for asymptomatic stenosis has a low risk of serious morbidity and mortality, on par with other recent trials. The trial continues to recruit, to monitor periprocedural events and all types of stroke, aiming to randomize up to 5,000 patients to determine any differential outcomes between interventions. Clinical trial: ISRCTN21144362.
    European Journal of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery 09/2013; 46(5):510. · 2.82 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Aim: The aim of this study was to collect procedural and clinical data assessing safety and performance of the GORE® TIGRIS® Vascular Stent, a novel dual component stent, made of a nitinol wire frame combined with a fluoropolymer-interconnecting structure. Methods: This retrospective analysis included 32 consecutive patients (20 men, mean age 72.8 years) with 40 atherosclerotic femoropopliteal lesions (occlusions in 5%) who underwent angioplasty and implantation of a GORE® TIGRIS® Vascular Stent. The patients were scheduled for follow-up at 3, 6 and 12 months after stent implantation for Duplex ultrasound and assessment of Rutherford Becker class (RBC) and Ankle-Brachial Index (ABI) Results: The mean implanted stent length was 62.3 mm (range 30-100 mm). Procedural success (residual stenosis <30%) was achieved in 100% of the lesions. At 6 months 2 restenosis in 2 patients were observed, resulting in a cumulative primary patency rate (±standard error) of 91.7±8.0%. Between baseline and 6 months the ABI increased from 0.65±0.18 to 0.96±0.12 (P<0.0001) and the median of RBC increased from 3 to 1.5 (P<0.0005). No stent thrombosis was found. Conclusion: In this retrospective collection of patients all lesions could be successfully treated with this novel hybrid TIGRIS stent. These preliminary results show promising primary patency rates at 6 months. In addition, significant improvements were observed in symptom classification and hemodynamics.
    The Journal of cardiovascular surgery 08/2013; 54(4):447-53. · 1.51 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Aims: The aim of the study was to determine the safety, efficacy and feasibility of a new chronic total occlusion (CTO) device using optical coherence tomography (OCT) technology, the Ocelot catheter (Avinger, Inc., Redwood City, CA, USA), for crossing of SFA CTOs following guidewire failure. Methods and results: Prospective, multicentre, market preference testing. Thirty-three patients with confirmed CTO (99-100% stenosis by visual estimate) of their superficial femoral artery (SFA) were treated between September 28, 2011, and December 9, 2011, at three European centres. Ocelot crossed 94% (31/33) of CTOs, allowing guidewire placement in the distal true lumen. All (100%) lesions were treated without any major adverse safety events. Procedural time and contrast dose were significantly reduced (p<0.0001) when compared with a similar, non-OCT-guided CTO crossing device (Wildcat catheter; Avinger, Inc.). Overall physician feedback on the catheter performance was positive with an 87% average rating of excellent or good across seven categories. Performance ratings of Ocelot's OCT imaging guidance were consistently positive with an 86% average rating of excellent or good across five OCT categories. Conclusions: The Ocelot catheter combines advanced CTO crossing technology with real-time OCT guidance. When compared with a similar non-OCT-guided catheter, crossing efficacy and safety profile improved. Total procedure time and contrast volumes were significantly reduced. The Ocelot is a safe, efficient and effective tool for crossing CTOs.
    EuroIntervention: journal of EuroPCR in collaboration with the Working Group on Interventional Cardiology of the European Society of Cardiology 07/2013; · 3.17 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Stenting has been shown to improve patency after femoral artery revascularization in comparison to balloon angioplasty (PTA). Limited data are available evaluating endovascular treatment for obstructive lesions of the popliteal artery (PA). METHODS AND RESULTS: This prospective, randomized, multi-centre trial compares primary nitinol stent (NS) placement to PTA in patients with peripheral artery disease Rutherford-Becker class (RC) 2-5 who had a de-novo lesion in the PA. The primary study endpoint was 1-year primary patency defined as freedom from target lesion restenosis (luminal narrowing of ≥50%) detected with duplex ultrasound. Secondary endpoints included target lesion revascularization (TLR) rate and changes in RC. Provisional stent placement was considered as TLR and loss of primary patency.Two-hundred-forty-six patients were included in this trial. The mean target lesion length was 42.3mm. One-hundred-ninety-seven patients were available for the1-year follow-up. The 1-year primary patency rate was significantly higher in the NS group (67.4%) than in the PTA group (44.9%, P=0.002). TLR rates were 14.7% and 44.1% (P=0.0001). However, when provisional NS placement was not considered as TLR and loss in patency no significant differences prevailed between the study groups (67.4% vs. 65.7%, P=0.92 for primary patency). Approximately 73% of patients in the PTA group and 77% in the NS group showed an improvement of at least one RC (P=0.31). CONCLUSIONS: Primary NS of obstructive lesions of the popliteal artery achieves superior acute technical success and higher 1-year primary patency, only if provisional stenting is considered as TLR. Provisional stenting, as part of a PTA strategy has equivalent 1-year patency, and should be preferred over primary stenting. CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION INFORMATION: www.clinicaltrials.gov. Identifier: NCT00712309.
    Circulation 05/2013; · 15.20 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose : To provide evidence for the safety and efficacy of the Proteus embolic capture balloon in lower limb interventions and to evaluate its indications for use. Methods : The study was designed as a prospective, multicenter, non-randomized, single arm study enrolling 123 patients (78 men; mean age 68 years). The primary endpoint was rate of freedom from death, amputation, and target vessel revascularization (TVR) at 30 days post procedure. Follow-up was performed at 30 days and at 12 months. Results : The freedom from death, amputation, and TVR rate was 95.9% (118/123). Procedure and device success rates were 98.7% (218/223) and 97.8% (156/158), respectively. TVR and death rates at 12 months were 18.8% and 4.1%, respectively. Histological analysis identified particles in 100% of the balloons. The median number of particles per subject was 339 (range 63-4361). Medians of particle size and total particle area were 0.8 (range 0.3-8.3) and 1.0 mm(2) (range 0.1-237) per balloon, respectively. Particles >1 mm were found in 37% (53/143) of the balloons analyzed. Higher mean number, length, and surface area of particles were found in long lesions (909±1057, 2.6±2.3 mm, and 18.2±44.2 mm(2), respectively; all p<0.0001 vs. short lesions). Additionally, longer particles were found in total occlusions (2.5±2.5 mm, p<0.0001), and a higher mean particle count was found in thrombotic lesions (1785±1821, p<0.05). De novo lesions had more thrombotic material than any other type of lesion. Conclusion : Proteus demonstrated good particle capture ability, making it a useful tool in situations where embolism is anticipated, such as complex lesions with calcified or thrombotic material and/or lesions with high plaque burden (i.e., long and totally occluded).
    Journal of Endovascular Therapy 05/2013; 20(3):409-19. · 2.70 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

2k Citations
489.68 Total Impact Points


  • 2014
    • Heart & Vascular Center
      Göttingen, Lower Saxony, Germany
  • 2010–2014
    • Park-Krankenhaus, Leipzig
      Leipzig, Saxony, Germany
  • 2012–2013
    • Universitäts-Herzzentrum Freiburg - Bad Krozingen
      باد کروزینگن, Baden-Württemberg, Germany
  • 2011–2013
    • Stanford Medicine
      Stanford, California, United States
    • University of Münster
      Muenster, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany
  • 2003–2013
    • University of Leipzig
      • • Department of Cardiac Surgery
      • • Institut für Sozialmedizin, Arbeitsmedizin und Public Health
      Leipzig, Saxony, Germany
  • 2010–2012
    • University of California, Davis
      • School of Medicine
      Davis, California, United States
  • 2006–2010
    • Kunststoff-Zentrum in Leipzig
      Leipzig, Saxony, Germany
  • 2009
    • Universität Witten/Herdecke
      Witten, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany
  • 2005
    • University of Tuebingen
      • Department of Radiology
      Tübingen, Baden-Württemberg, Germany
    • Azienda ULSS numero 13 Mirano
      Mirano, Veneto, Italy
  • 1999–2002
    • Friedrich-Alexander Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg
      Erlangen, Bavaria, Germany
  • 1998–2002
    • Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin
      • Department of Biology
      Berlín, Berlin, Germany