M Atsuta

Nanjing University, Nan-ching, Jiangsu Sheng, China

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Publications (216)388.99 Total impact

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The aim of the present study was to assess the influence of pre-treatments of zirconia by sandblasting and/or heat treatment on the flexural strength of zirconia and debonding/crack-initiation strength of porcelain-veneered zirconia ceramic. Zirconia ceramic specimens were divided into four groups according to treatment (grinding as controls, sandblasting, heat treatment at 1000°C for 10 min, and heat treatment after sandblasting). The porcelain- veneered zirconia specimens were also prepared. The zirconia specimens were subjected to three-point bending tests, and flexural strength was calculated. The debonding/crack-initiation strength of porcelain-veneered zirconia ceramic was measured according to ISO 9693. X-ray diffractometry (XRD) was used to estimate the relative amount of monoclinic phase. There was no significant difference in flexural strength between the four treatments (p > 0.05). The highest amount of monoclinic phase was found after sandblasting. No monoclinic phase was obtained from heat treatment and heat treatment after sandblasting groups, and these two groups showed significantly higher debonding/crack-initiation strength than other two groups (p < 0.05). All specimens failed within the veneering porcelain. No elements of veneering porcelain were detected on the zirconia side at the interface using EPMA (electron probe microanalyzer). The present study suggests that the pre-treatment of zirconia with heat treatment after sandblasting prior to firing porcelain does not affect the debonding/crack-initiation strength of porcelain-veneered zirconia ceramic.
    The journal of adhesive dentistry 02/2011; 13(1):79-84. · 0.91 Impact Factor
  • Xiangfeng Meng, Keiichi Yoshida, Mitsuru Atsuta
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    ABSTRACT: The bond strength and bond durability of two high-viscosity dual-curing resin luting agents with different surface treatments of ceramic were investigated. GN-I machinable ceramic surfaces were treated with 37% phosphoric acid for 30 s (PA), 5% hydrofluoric acid for 5 s (HF-5), 10 s (HF-10), or 30 s (HF-30), or blasting with 50-microm Al2O3 for 10 s (AB). The roughness of the ceramic surface was measured. Treated ceramic surfaces were bonded with three resin bonding systems (RBS): Ceramic Primer/LinkmaxHV (CP/LMHV), Monobond S/VariolinkIIHV (MBS/VLIIHV), or MBS/Heliobond/VLIIHV (MBS/HB/VLIIHV). A microshear test was used to measure the bond strength after 24 h (TC 0) and subsequent thermocycling (TC 10,000 at 4 degrees C and 60 degrees C). ANOVA was performed for statistical analysis, with significance set at p < 0.05. For three RBSs, bond strength at TC O was not affected, regardless of ceramic surface treatment (p > 0.05). All combined groups of ceramic surface treatment and resin bonding system decreased after 10,000 thermal cycles, especially groups treated with alumina blasting and bonded with each of three RBSs (p < 0.05). MBS/HB/VLIIHV with each surface treatment did not improve the bond strength and durability compared with MBS/VLIIHV. CP/LMHV and MBS/VLIIHV obtained sufficient bond strength and bond durability to GN-I machinable ceramic by only cleaning with PA; the application of HB may not be necessary.
    The journal of adhesive dentistry 06/2008; 10(3):189-96. · 0.91 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The anatase form of titanium dioxide (TiO(2)) exhibits photo-induced hydrophilicity when it is irradiated with ultraviolet (UV) light. In the present study, the effect of photo-induced hydrophilicity on initial cell behavior and bone formation was evaluated. Plasma source ion implantation method and post-annealing were employed for coating the anatase form of TiO(2) to the surface of the titanium disk and implant. Half of the disks and implants were illuminated with UV for 24 h beforehand, whereas the other halves were blinded and used as controls. Photo-induced hydrophilicity was confirmed by a static wettability assay. The effects of this hydrophilicity on cell behavior were evaluated by means of cell attachment, proliferation and morphology using pluripotent mesenchymal precursor C2C12 cells. Thereafter, bone formation around the hydrophilic implant inserted in the rabbit tibia was confirmed histomorphometrically. The water contact angle of the photo-induced hydrophilic disk decreased markedly from 43.5 degrees to 0.5 degree. Cell attachment and proliferation on this hydrophilic disk showed significant improvement. The cell morphology on this hydrophilic disk was extremely flattened, with an elongation of the lamellipodia, whereas a round/spherical morphology was observed on the control disk. The photo-induced hydrophilic implant enhanced the bone formation with the bone-to-metal contact of 28.2% after 2 weeks of healing (control: 17.97%). The photo-induced hydrophilic surface used in the current study improves the initial cell reactions and enhances early bone apposition to the implant.
    Clinical Oral Implants Research 06/2008; 19(5):491-6. · 3.43 Impact Factor
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    Xiangfeng Meng, Keiichi Yoshida, Mitsuru Atsuta
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate the influence of ceramic thickness on the mechanical properties and polymer structure (degree conversion and cross-linking density) of three dual-cured resin luting agents. Three dual-cured resin luting agents [Linkmax HV (GC), Nexus 2 (Kerr), and Variolink IIHV (Ivoclar-Vivadent)] were polymerized with or without 800 mW/cm2 irradiation through 0-3-mm-thick GN-I (GC) machinable ceramic. Bar-shape specimens were subjected to three-point bending to determine flexural strength (FS) and elastic modulus (EM) after dry storage at 37 degrees C for 24 h. Knoop hardness was measured on the irradiated surface of disk-shaped specimens before (KHN1) and after (KHN2) storage of 100% ethanol solution at 37 degrees C for 24 h. KHN1 and KHN2 were estimated as indirect indicators of degree of conversion (DC) and cross-linking density, respectively. Data were analyzed by one-way ANOVA and Student-Newman-Keuls test for each luting agent, and four mechanical properties were subjected to regression analysis. For three resin luting agents with dual-cured mode, FS, EM, KHN1, and KHN2 decreased with the increase of ceramic thickness. FS except for Nexus 2 and EM for three resin luting agents had a positive linear relationship with both KHN1 and KHN2. The variables tested behaved differently. When the ceramic thickness increased, the chemical cured components of dual-cured resin luting agents did not produce significant compensation for all variables. Mechanical properties and polymer structure of dual-cured resin luting agents was dependent on the intensity of light irradiation.
    Dental Materials 06/2008; 24(5):594-9. · 3.77 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of modifying aluminum oxide slips with magnesium oxide (MgO) to create a jointing material for In-Ceram Alumina. Jointed In-Ceram Alumina bars with In-Ceram Alumina slips containing 0-1.0 mass% MgO were examined by a three-point bending test. Joint-free bars were also tested as controls. Fracture surfaces were evaluated by scanning electron microscopy. In addition, linear shrinkage and fracture toughness were assessed. The 0.3 mass% MgO group showed the highest flexural strength among the jointed groups, and there were no statistical differences between the joint-free control groups. The fracture surface of 0.3 mass% MgO group showed increased sintering densification with reduced micropore size. No linear shrinkage was observed with the addition of MgO to the alumina slip. Added MgO was also effective in boosting fracture toughness. The present findings indicate that the MgO-supplemented binding material is useful for clinical applications.
    Dental Materials Journal 04/2008; 27(2):251-7. · 0.81 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Background: Previously, we reported that anodized porous titanium implants have photocatalytic hydrophilicity. However, this effect was not always sufficient for the significant improvement of bone apposition.Purpose: The purpose of this study was to improve the photocatalytic properties of porous titanium implants by the fluoride modification of the anodized titanium dioxide (TiO2), and to investigate the initial cell response to it.Materials and Methods: The ideal concentration of ammonium hydrogen fluoride (NH4F-HF2) used in this study was determined by a static water contact angle assay. The ideal concentration of NH4F-HF2 was 0.175%, and experimental disks were treated with this concentration. A pluripotent mesenchymal cell line, C2C12, was cultured on the disks in order to investigate cell attachment, morphology, and proliferation.Results: Cell attachment after 30 minutes of culturing was significantly higher for the ultraviolet-irradiated, fluoride-modified anodized TiO2 (p < .05), and the simultaneous scanning electron microscope observation showed a rather flattened and extended cell morphology. The proliferation rate after 24 hours was also significantly higher for the fluoride-modified anodized TiO2.Conclusion: Fluoride chemical modification enhances the hydrophilic property of the anodized TiO2 and improves the initial cell response to it.
    Clinical Implant Dentistry and Related Research 02/2008; 10(1):55 - 61. · 3.82 Impact Factor
  • Yohsuke Taira, Kohji Kamada, Mitsuru Atsuta
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    ABSTRACT: The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the effects of four experimental primers on bond strength between a self-curing luting agent and silver-palladium-gold alloy. The experimental primers were in mixed solutions of a thiouracil primer (Metaltite) and a phosphate primer (Epricord, PM, PE, or PP), which were designated as Metaltite/Epricord, Metaltite/PM, Metaltite/PE, and Metaltite/PP respectively. Three primers (Metal Primer II, V-Primer, and Alloy Primer) were also prepared as controls. Alumina-blasted metal alloys were bonded with acrylic rods. After 5,000 thermocycles, the maximum shear bond strength was obtained with Metaltite/PE (27.8+/-2.4 MPa) and Metaltite/Epricord (27.6+/-5.9 MPa), followed by Metaltite/PP, Alloy Primer, Metaltite, Metaltite/PM, Metal Primer II, V-Primer, and Epricord. PE, PM, and PP showed the lowest bond strength. Results of this study revealed that the combined use of a thiouracil monomer and a phosphate monomer improved adhesive bonding. In this light, clinicians should pay attention to the types of functional monomers dissolved in a primer when fabricating resin-bonded prostheses.
    Dental Materials Journal 02/2008; 27(1):69-74. · 0.81 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The anatase form of titanium dioxide (TiO2) is one of the most common crystalline forms of TiO2 and is normally produced by oxidation of titanium via thermal oxidation or anodizing. This crystalline form exhibits photocatalytic activity when it is irradiated with ultraviolet A (UVA) light. The aim of the current study was to analyze the crystal structure of anodic-oxidized TiUnite implants and to confirm the photocatalytic properties in vitro and in vivo. Cross-sectional observations by transmission electron microscopy were used to determine the surface crystal structure on the TiUnite implant. Subsequently, photocatalytic activity was confirmed by degradation of methylene blue, and hydrophilicity was measured based on the water contact angle. Furthermore, the in vivo effects of the photocatalytic activity of this compound were investigated. An amorphous layer that was about 10 microm thick was observed on the TiUnite implant surface. In the amorphous layer, the anatase form of the crystalline TiO2 was identified. Photocatalytic activity was clearly demonstrated by the bleaching effect of methylene blue under UVA illumination. The contact angle decreased from 44 degrees to 11 degrees after UVA illumination. Although these data suggest increased hydrophilicity for the TiUnite implant, the bone-to-metal contact at 4 weeks was not influenced. The anodic-oxidized TiUnite implant has inherent photocatalytic activity. UVA illumination increases the surface hydrophilicity of the implant. However, this increase in hydrophilicity does not improve bone apposition to the implant surface at 4 weeks.
    Clinical Oral Implants Research 01/2008; 18(6):680-5. · 3.43 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: This study was designed to evaluate the micro-tensile bond strength between a carboxylic resin and dentin, when the dentin surface was modified with an experimental dentin primer. The three primers tested were ED primer II (ED), 0.3% ferric chloride aqueous solution (FE), and ED containing 0.3% ferric chloride (ED/FE). Three commercial dentin conditioners [40% phosphoric acid, 10% NaOCl, and 10% citric acid with 3% ferric chloride (10-3)] were also used. The coronal surfaces of extracted human molars were ground flat to dentin. The dentin surfaces were treated with phosphoric acid, NaOCl, or with one of the primers. The 10-3 was used without phosphoric acid or NaOCl as a control. A composite material rod was bonded to the dentin surface with 4-META/MMA-TBB resin. After 24-h immersion in 37 degrees C distilled water, 0.9 mm x 0.9 mm composite-dentin beams cut from the bonded specimens were stressed to failure in tension at 0.6 mm/min. The bond strengths were also evaluated after 5000 thermocycles. The bond strength of the group ED/FE was significantly higher than those of the 10-3, ED, and FE. After 5000 thermocycling, 10-3, ED and FE showed significant decrease in bond strength, although no significant decrease was seen for ED/FE. It was concluded that dentin surface treatment with phosphoric acid, NaOCl, and the ED/FE primer improved the bonding (p < 0.05) between 4-META/MMA-TBB resin and dentin, with or without thermocycling, while the bond strengths in the control group fell 34% following 5000 thermocycles.
    Journal of Biomedical Materials Research Part B Applied Biomaterials 11/2007; 83(2):359-63. · 2.31 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Plasma fibronectin (pFN) is known to regulate cell growth, differentiation or survival of osteoblasts in vitro. It is also speculated to be important for the early phase of osseointegration, however, its actual in vivo behavior is unknown. The objective of this study is to clarify the role of pFN during osseointegration. We developed a titanium ion-plated acrylic implant (Ti-acryl) for thin sectioning without removal of the implant. Either Ti-acryl or pFN-coated Ti-acryl (FN-Ti-acryl) was implanted in the mouse femur. Samples were taken on days 1-7 and on day 14 after the operation, and were decalcified and paraffin embedded. The bone healing process and immunofluorescence localization of pFN and cellular fibronectin (cFN), a marker for fibroblastic cells were examined. Simultaneously, the effect of pFN on chemotaxis, proliferation and differentiation of bone marrow stromal cells (BMSCs) was analyzed in vitro. The in vivo results showed that faster direct bone formation was seen for the FN-Ti-acryl group compared to the Ti-acryl group. The in vitro results showed that pFN significantly promoted BMSCs chemotaxis, however, had no effect on proliferation or differentiation. The results indicate that pFN regulated chemotaxis of osteogenic cells and coating the implant with pFN enhanced earlier osseointegration.
    Biomaterials 09/2007; 28(24):3469-77. · 8.31 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the bond strength between a fiber-reinforced composite (FRC) and six luting agents (Panavia F 2.0, Linkmax MC, Chemiace II, Multibond, Super-Bond C&B, and Fuji I). A prosthodontic resin composite material (RC-control) and a luting agent containing no functional monomer (MT) were used as controls. Shear bond strengths between alumina-blasted FRC and the luting agents were determined after 20,000 thermocycles. The FRC showed superior bond strength when compared with the RC-control. Highest bond strengths were achieved when FRC was bonded with Panavia F 2.0, Linkmax MC, Multibond, Super-Bond C&B, and MT, whereas Chemiace II trailed in the list of resin-based luting agents evaluated. Insufficient bonding was obtained with Fuji I. Results of the present study revealed that when fabricating restorations, the clinician should select an appropriate combination of resin composite material and luting agent so as to ensure the longevity of restorations.
    Dental Materials Journal 09/2007; 26(5):628-34. · 0.81 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the crystalline phase and microstructure of 4 commercial machinable ceramic blocks--Cerec Vitablocs Mark II (Vita), ProCAD (Ivoclar/Vivadent), GN-I (GC), and GNCeram (GC)--and compare flexural strength and shear bond strength between a dual-curing resin luting agent and the ceramics treated with a silane coupling agent. Specimens were examined using scanning electron microscopy/energy-dispersive x-ray spectroscopy, and x-ray diffractometry. Three-point bending tests were performed with polished specimens 20 mm long, 4 mm wide, and 1.2 mm thick. Two differently shaped specimens for each of the 4 machinable ceramics were treated with a silane coupling agent. The specimens were then cemented together with a dual-curing resin luting agent. Half of the specimens were stored in water at 37 degrees C for 24 h and the other half were thermocycled 20,000 times. Chemical composition, crystalline phase, and crystallinity were significantly different between brands. The Vitablocs Mark II material had the significantly lowest flexural strength (101.7 +/- 15.3 MPa), while the GNCeram material had the highest (174.8 +/- 10.3 MPa). The use of a silane coupling agent yielded high shear bond strength after 20,000 thermocycles (Vitablocs Mark II: 37.7 +/- 3.7 MPa, ProCAD: 41.2 +/- 3.1 MPa, GNCeram: 50.2 +/- 2.1 MPa), except with the GN-I material (23.9 +/- 4.4 MPa). It appeared that crystal distribution and particle size of leucite crystal, not crystallinity, in the feldspar glass matrix of silica-based machinable ceramics might influence the flexural strength and efficacy of a silane coupling agent in bonding between a dual-curing resin luting agent and machinable ceramics.
    The journal of adhesive dentistry 09/2007; 9(4):407-13. · 0.91 Impact Factor
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    Xiangfeng Meng, Keiichi Yoshida, Mitsuru Atsuta
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    ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the microshear bond strength and bond durability between ceramic and two dual-cured resin luting agents irradiated by different light intensities. Ceramic specimens were bonded with two resin bonding systems: Ceramic Primer and Linkmax HV (CP/LMHV) and Monobond S and Variolink IIHV (MBS/VLIIHV), and were either irradiated by 800, 310, 160, 80, and 40 mW/cm2 light or not irradiated. Bond strength was measured after 24-hour water storage at 37 degrees C and after subsequent 10,000 times of thermal cycling. Failure modes were determined by stereomicroscopy. After 24-hour water storage, there were no significant differences among the various irradiation conditions for both MBS/VLIIHV and CP/LMHV. However, regardless of light intensity, MBS/VLIIHV showed higher bond strength than CP/VLIIHV at each thermal cycling, except for no irradiation condition at 10,000 thermal cycles. In conclusion, thermal cycling significantly reduced the bond strength for all groups.
    Dental Materials Journal 08/2007; 26(4):575-81. · 0.81 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: This study examined the effects of monomer composition, original filler content, and application of centrifugal force on the resulting filler loading of composites. Either Bis-MPEPP or UDMA was mixed with TEGDMA at a molar ratio of 1 : 1. Silane-treated silica (14-20 wt%) was added to each mixture. After the mixtures were centrifuged and light-polymerized, rate of increase was determined as the filler increment of 2.0-mm-high, disk-shaped sections of specimen when compared against the uncentrifuged filler content. Both the original filler loading and monomer composition influenced the filler content of the centrifuged composites. Fillers in Bis-MPEPP-based composites exhibited a higher rate of condensation after application of centrifugal force than did UDMA-based composites. The results were suggestive of underlying relationships among the composition, component stability, and post-polymerization properties of flowable composites.
    Dental Materials Journal 08/2007; 26(4):501-5. · 0.81 Impact Factor
  • Yohsuke Taira, Kohyoh Soeno, Mitsuru Atsuta
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    ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of dentin primers containing microperoxidase (MP-11) with 2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate (HEMA) on the bond strength between a tri-n-butylborane-initiated self-polymerizing resin and dentin. Bovine dentin surfaces were etched with 10 wt % phosphoric acid, primed, and then bonded with stainless steel rods. Tensile bond strength after 24 h of storage in water was significantly influenced by both MP-11 and HEMA. Groups with no MP-11 showed the lowest values. Without HEMA, the bond strengths of groups using 0.01, 0.1, and 1.0 micromol/g MP-11 were statistically identical, and also greater than that of the no MP-11 control. In the presence of HEMA, the bond strength was significantly enhanced with an increasing concentration of MP-11. The highest bond strength of 29.0 MPa was obtained with aqueous HEMA primer, containing 1.0 micromol/g MP-11. Microscopic observation showed the formation of a hybrid layer at the bonded interface. Polymerization of the resin was significantly accelerated with the MP-11 primer. In conclusion, MP-11 has a potential for adhesive bonding promoter between the resin and the demineralized dentin surface.
    Journal of Biomedical Materials Research Part B Applied Biomaterials 05/2007; 81(1):111-5. · 2.31 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the effect of four silane coupling agents on the bond strength between two resin-modified glass ionomer cements and a machinable leucite glass ceramic. Ceramic specimens were ground with silicon carbide paper and cleaned with phosphoric acid. They were then conditioned and bonded with combinations of four silane coupling agents (GC Ceramic Primer, Clapearl Bonding Agent, Clearfil Mega Bond Porcelain Bonding Kit, and RelyX Ceramic Primer) and two resin-modified glass ionomer cements (Fuji Luting S and Fuji Lute). Shear bond strength was determined after 24-hour immersion in water or after thermocycling of 50,000 cycles. The results showed that every silane coupling agent significantly improved the bond strength. It was thus recommended that resin-modified glass ionomer cement be applied in conjunction with silane coupling agent when luting ceramic restorations.
    Dental Materials Journal 04/2007; 26(2):240-4. · 0.81 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: This study determined the hardness and curing depth of a light-activated indirect composite polymerized with three laboratory light-polymerizing units for the purpose of comparing the curing performance of the three units. A light-activated composite material for indirect application (Vita Zeta) was polymerized with three light-polymerizing units equipped with the following light sources: 1) one halogen lamp and two fluorescent lamps (alpha-Light II); 2) three halogen lamps (Twinkle HLG); and 3) one metal halide lamp (Twinkle LI). Knoop hardness and curing depth were determined for groups of five specimens using standardized testing methods. The results were compared using analysis of variance (ANOVA) and Scheffé's S intervals (alpha = 0.05). The Knoop hardness number (KHN) generated with the halogen-fluorescent unit (12.5 KHN) was significantly (P < 0.05) lower than those produced by the halogen unit (13.9 KHN) and the metal halide unit (14.2 KHN). Of the three units, the halogen-fluorescent unit exhibited the lowest depth of cure. Both the hardness and curing depth of the composite were influenced by the laboratory polymerizing units employed.
    Journal of Oral Science 04/2007; 49(1):25-9.
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of the present study was to evaluate mechanical properties, including surface hardness, flexural strength, and flexural modulus, of two dual-cured resin luting agents [Clearfil Esthetic Cement (CEC) and Variolink II (VLII)] irradiated through four thicknesses of leucite ceramics (0, 1, 2, and 3 mm) and to evaluate their shear bond strength to zirconia ceramic (Cercon) using each ceramic primer. Knoop hardness was measured on a thin layer of resin luting agent on the ceramic surface. Three-point bending tests were performed after 24 hours of storage at 37 degrees C. Two differently shaped zirconia ceramic specimens with or without sandblasting with alumina were treated with each primer. The specimens were then cemented together with each resin luting agent. Half of the specimens were stored in water at 37 degrees C for 24 hours and the other half were thermocycled 5000 times. VLII revealed statistically higher Knoop hardness and flexural modulus than CEC for each thickness of ceramic. No significant differences in flexural strength were observed between VLII and CEC for each ceramic spacer. Reduction of the mechanical properties with increase of ceramic thickness varied for each property; however, these properties were similar in the two materials. Blasting with alumina was significantly effective for increasing shear bond strength of both resin luting agents before and after thermal cycling. The use of Clearfil Ceramic Primer showed the highest shear bond strength and maintained bond durability after 5000 thermocycles. Mechanical properties of CEC dual-cured resin luting agent appear adequate for ceramic restorations.
    Journal of Prosthodontics 01/2007; 16(5):370-6. · 0.68 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: This study examined the influence of centrifugal force on the filler loading of composites using a light-polymerizing apparatus combined with a centrifuge. To assess uneven filler particle distribution resulting from specimen rotation, two low-viscosity composites (Palfique Estelite LV and Revolution Formula 2) were placed in test tubes, centrifuged, and subsequently light-polymerized with the apparatus. After each specimen was sliced into four disks (2-mm thickness), the inorganic filler content and Knoop hardness number (KHN) of each disk were determined. The results suggested that filler loading of composites could be increased by application of centrifugal force if the filler and monomer components were properly arranged.
    Dental Materials Journal 01/2007; 25(4):650-4. · 0.81 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Aerosol deposition (AD coating) is a novel technique to coat solid substances with a ceramic film. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the effect of AD coating on abrasion resistance of a resin composite material. A 5-microm-thick aluminum oxide layer was created on the polymerized resin composite. The specimen was cyclically abraded using a toothbrush abrasion simulator for 100,000 cycles. Abraded surface was then measured with a profilometer to determine the average roughness (Ra) and maximum roughness (Rmax). It was found that abrasion cycling increased the Ra value of the No-AD-coating group, but decreased the Ra and Rmax values of the AD coating group. Moreover, the AD coating group showed significantly smaller Ra and Rmax values after 100,000 abrasion cycles as compared to the No-coating control group. Microscopic observation supported these findings. In conclusion, the resistance of the resin composite against toothbrush abrasion was improved by AD coating.
    Dental Materials Journal 01/2007; 25(4):700-5. · 0.81 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

2k Citations
388.99 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2008
    • Nanjing University
      Nan-ching, Jiangsu Sheng, China
  • 1983–2008
    • Nagasaki University
      • • Department of Applied Prosthodontics
      • • Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences
      • • School of Dentistry
      Nagasaki-shi, Nagasaki-ken, Japan
  • 2002–2007
    • Nagasaki University Hospital
      Nagasaki, Nagasaki, Japan
  • 2003–2004
    • Baylor College of Dentistry
      • Division of Biomaterials Science
      Dallas, Texas, United States
  • 2000
    • University of Alabama at Birmingham
      • School of Dentistry
      Birmingham, AL, United States
  • 1998
    • Kagoshima University
      Kagosima, Kagoshima, Japan
  • 1986
    • University of Nagasaki
      • Department of Pediatric Dentistry
      Nagasaki, Nagasaki, Japan
  • 1982
    • University of North Carolina at Charlotte
      Charlotte, North Carolina, United States
    • University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
      North Carolina, United States
  • 1978
    • Hokkaido University
      Sapporo, Hokkaidō, Japan
  • 1971
    • Tokyo Medical and Dental University
      • Institute for Medical and Dental Engineering
      Edo, Tōkyō, Japan