B Purbach

University of Leeds, Leeds, ENG, United Kingdom

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Publications (5)11.73 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: The triple tapered polished cemented stem, C-Stem, introduced in 1993 was based on the original Charnley concept of the "flat back" polished stem. We present our continuing experience with the C-Stem in 621 consecutive primary arthroplasties implanted into 575 patients between 1993 and 1997. Four hundred and eighteen arthroplasties had a clinical and radiological follow-up past 10years with a mean follow-up of 13years (10-15). There were no revisions for stem loosening but 2 stems were revised for fracture - both with a defective cement mantle proximally. The stem design and the surgical technique support the original Charnley concept of limited stem subsidence within the cement mantle and the encouraging results continue to stand as a credit to Sir John Charnley's original philosophy.
    The Journal of arthroplasty 03/2013; · 1.79 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Increasing follow-up identifies the outcome in younger patients who have undergone total hip replacement (THR) and reveals the true potential for survival of the prosthesis. We identified 28 patients (39 THRs) who had undergone cemented Charnley low friction arthroplasty between 1969 and 2001. Their mean age at operation was 17.9 years (12 to 19) and the maximum follow-up was 34 years. Two patients (4 THRs) were lost to follow-up, 13 (16 THRs) were revised at a mean period of 19.1 years (8 to 34) and 13 (19 THRs) continue to attend regular follow-up at a mean of 12.6 years (2.3 to 29). In this surviving group one acetabular component was radiologically loose and all femoral components were secure. In all the patients the diameter of the femoral head was 22.225 mm with Charnley femoral components used in 29 hips and C-stem femoral components in ten. In young patients who require THR the acetabular bone stock is generally a limiting factor for the size of the component. Excellent long-term results can be obtained with a cemented polyethylene acetabular component and a femoral head of small diameter.
    Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery - British Volume 04/2010; 92(4):486-8. · 2.69 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We carried out a retrospective case-control study in 80 patients who underwent a revision total hip replacement. Group A (40 patients) received tranexamic acid and intra-operative cell salvage. Group B (40 patients) was a matched control group and did not receive this management. Each group was divided into four subgroups: revision of both components, revision of both components with bone grafting, revision of the acetabular component with or without bone graft, and revision of the femoral component with or without bone graft. In group A the total number of units transfused was 52, compared with 139 in group B, representing a reduction in blood usage of 62.5%. The mean amount of blood transfused from cell salvage in each group was 858 ml (113 to 2100), 477 ml (0 to 2680), 228 ml (75 to 315) and 464 ml (120 to 1125), respectively. There was a significant difference in the amount of blood returned between the groups (p < 0.0001). In group A, 22 patients needed transfusion and in group B, 37 (p < 0.0001). A cost analysis calculation showed a total revenue saving of pounds sterling 70 000 and a potential saving throughout our facility of pounds sterling 318 288 per year. Our results show that a significant reduction in blood transfusion can be made using combined cell salvage and tranexamic acid in revision surgery of the hip.
    Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery - British Volume 09/2006; 88(9):1141-2. · 2.69 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: There is increasing evidence for monitoring the bone trabecular structure to explain, in part, the mechanical properties of bone. Despite the emergence of Computed Tomography, a radiograph is the standard format as it is cheap and used for assessing implant performance. Furthermore, various image-processing techniques developed to assess the trabecular structure from radiographs have regained interest owing to improvements in imaging equipment. This study assessed the precision and accuracy of the Co-occurrence and Run-length matrix, Spatial-frequency and Minkowski-fractal techniques to infer the trabecular direction from radiographs. Ten clinical images of femoral neck regions were obtained from digitised pelvic radiographs and subsequently analysed. These data were also used to generate synthetic images where the trabecular thickness, separation and directions were controlled in order to calculate the accuracy of the techniques. Additionally, a Laplacian noise was added in order to infer the precision of the techniques. All methods assessed the trabecular direction with a high degree of accuracy in these synthetic images including a single direction and no noise. However, only the Spatial-frequency and Co-occurrence matrix methods performed well on the clinical and heavily corrupted synthetic images. This demonstrated the possibility of inferring a linear trabecular direction in clinical conditions.
    Medical Engineering & Physics 12/2003; 25(9):719-29. · 1.78 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: This is the first report of surface-active phospholipid as the boundary lubricant in total hip arthroplasty. Aspirate and rinsings from the bearing surfaces of 25 revision operations and one primary surgery were analyzed from 3 weeks to 26 years postoperatively. All samples contained substantial amounts of surface-active phospholipids ranging from 14 to 4186 microg. These findings indicate that synoviocytes continue producing the lubricant in significant quantities after arthroplasty surgery independent of the type of joint replacement and its fixation. Surface-active phospholipid was found on all bearing surfaces analyzed including polyethylene, stainless steel, chrome cobalt, alumina, zirconia, and titanium.
    Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research 04/2002; · 2.79 Impact Factor