B Paillot

Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Rouen, Rouen, Upper Normandy, France

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Publications (79)329.41 Total impact

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Definitive chemoradiotherapy (CRT) is considered curative intent treatment for locally advanced esophageal squamous cell carcinoma. Data concerning the usefulness of definitive CRT in patients with esophageal adenocarcinoma (ADC) are lacking. The aim of the study was to compare the results of definitive CRT versus surgery in patients with an ADC. All consecutive patients with a non-metastatic ADC treated between 1994 and 2008 were retrospectively assessed. Patients were divided into two groups: surgery group (±pre-operative treatment) versus definitive CRT group. In surgery and definitive CRT groups, 67 and 79 patients were evaluated, respectively. A complete resection was achieved in 92.5% of patients in surgery group and a clinical complete response was observed in 49.4% of patients in definitive CRT group. Overall survival was 36.2 ± 2.0 months in surgery group versus 16.5 ± 0.8 months in definitive CRT group (P = 0.02). The predictive factors of survival were age (P < 0.01), stage (P = 0.04), WHO performance status (P < 0.01), initial weight loss (P < 0.01), and the treatment group (P < 0.01). The results of the study do not support definitive CRT as an alternative to surgery in esophageal ADC treatment. Definitive CRT should be reserved for patients with a major operative risk.
    Journal of Surgical Oncology 11/2011; 105(8):761-6. · 2.64 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The risks of chemoradiotherapy in elderly patients with rectal cancer have not yet been well-characterised. We retrospectively reviewed the charts of patients with rectal cancer over 70 years old who were treated with chemoradiotherapy in two French university hospitals. A total of 125 patients were evaluated. Mean age was 75.1 ± 4.1 years and ranged from 70 to 90 years. Adverse effects ≥ grade 2 were observed in 32% of the patients and adverse effects ≥ grade 3 in 15%. Dose reduction for toxicity was performed in 18% of the patients and chemoradiotherapy discontinuation was necessary in 9%. Postoperative morbidity was 16% with two treatment-related deaths. Two-year survival rate was 84%. No variables had any influence on treatment-related adverse events. In selected elderly patients, chemoradiotherapy is well-tolerated, without any significant increase in adverse events, and the results are similar to those recorded in younger patients.
    Digestive and Liver Disease 11/2011; 44(4):350-4. · 3.16 Impact Factor
  • D Tougeron, B Paillot, P Michel
    Gastroentérologie Clinique et Biologique 03/2010; 34(4-5):e15-6. · 1.14 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Only limited data has been reported so far regarding oesophageal cancer (EC) in elderly patients. The aim of the study is to identify the baseline parameters that influenced therapeutic decision. All consecutive patients 70 years or older being treated for EC were retrospectively analyzed. Patients without visceral metastasis were divided into two groups: treatment with curative intent (chemoradiotherapy, surgery, radiotherapy, mucosectomy or photodynamic therapy) or best supportive care (BSC). Patients with metastasis were divided into two groups: palliative treatment (chemotherapy, chemoradiotherapy or radiotherapy) or BSC. Two hundred and eighty-two patients were studied. Mean age was 76.5 ± 5.5 years and 22.4% of patients had visceral metastasis. In patients without visceral metastasis (n = 220) the majority had treatment with curative intent (n = 151) whereas in patients with metastasis (n = 62) the majority had BSC (n = 32). Severe adverse events (≥ grade 3) were observed in only 17% of the patients. Patients without specific carcinologic treatment were older, had more weight loss, worse WHO performance status and Charlson score in multivariate analysis. Our results suggest that elderly patients with an EC could benefit from cancer treatment without major toxicities. Weight loss, WHO performance status and the Charlson score could be used to select the appropriate treatment in an elderly patient.
    BMC Cancer 01/2010; 10:510. · 3.33 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The optimal treatment strategy for rectal cancer (RC) with synchronous metastases remains an issue of debate. The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of surgery and radiation on the control of pelvic symptoms in this setting. Consecutive patients with RC and synchronous metastases were retrospectively assessed and divided into four treatment groups: surgical resection of rectal tumor (S); radiotherapy with/without chemotherapy followed by surgery (CRTS); chemoradiotherapy (CRT); and chemotherapy only (CT). Each group was evaluated in terms of duration of pelvic symptom-free periods (relative to overall survival). A total of 96 patients were evaluated: S: n=30; CRTS: n=21; CRT: n=27; and CT: n=18. After treatment, pelvic symptoms persisted in 14.7% patients (S=0%, CRTS=7.1%, CRT=31.8%, CT=25%; P=0.01). The relative pelvic symptom-free periods were 93.0% in the S group, 83.1% in the CRTS group, 53.0% in the CRT group and 53.2% in the CT group (P<0.01). On multivariate analysis, only surgical treatment correlated with a significant relative pelvic symptom-free period (P<0.01), with an adjusted hazards ratio of 2.80 [95% CI: 1.79-4.39]. Our results suggest that rectal resection was the most effective therapeutic procedure in selected patients with RC and synchronous metastases, offering the patients the longest pelvic symptom-free periods.
    Gastroentérologie Clinique et Biologique 05/2009; 33(12):1106-13. · 1.14 Impact Factor
  • Gastroenterologie Clinique Et Biologique - GASTROEN CLIN BIOL. 01/2009; 33(3).
  • Gastroenterologie Clinique Et Biologique - GASTROEN CLIN BIOL. 01/2009; 33(3).
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    ABSTRACT: Little is known about chemoradiotherapy (CRT) in elderly patients with a locally advanced oesophageal cancer (OC). The aim of our study was to evaluate the tolerance and the outcome of elderly patients older than 70 years treated with CRT for a non-metastatic OC. Chemoradiotherapy was based on radiotherapy combined with a cisplatin-based chemotherapy. Clinical complete response (CCR) to CRT was evaluated on upper digestive endoscopy and computed tomography scan 6-8 weeks after CRT completion. One hundred and nine consecutive patients were included. A CCR was observed in 63 patients (57.8%) and 2-year survival was 35.5%. Adverse events > or =grade 3 were observed in 26 (23.8%) patients. Chemotherapy dose reduction, chemotherapy delays more than 1 week, and treatment discontinuation were observed in 33 (30.3%), 45 (41.3%), and 17 patients (15.6%), respectively. Comorbidity index according to Charlson score was significantly associated with treatment tolerance. In multivariate analysis, a CCR to CRT (P<0.01), a dose of radiotherapy > or =80% (P=0.02), and a Charlson score < or =2 (P=0.046) were identified as independent prognostic factors of overall survival. These results suggest that CRT could be considered as an effective treatment without major toxicity in elderly patients with OC.
    British Journal of Cancer 11/2008; 99(10):1586-92. · 5.08 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of the study was to evaluate the relationship between serum carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) kinetic and response to chemotherapy in patients with unresectable metastasis of colorectal cancer. The kinetic was calculated using the slope of an exponential-regressive curve connecting the semi-logarithmic values of CEA. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves were drawn to select the CEA slope thresholds to define patients with progressive or responsive disease with the highest sensitivity, specificity, and diagnosis accuracy odds ratio (DOR). The correlation between the CEA slopes and progression-free survival (PFS) was evaluated by the Cox model and Kaplan-Meier methods. A total of 122 patients were included. Progression defined by CEA slope greater than +0.05 resulted in sensitivity of 85.7%, specificity of 85.1%, and DOR of 34. The area under the ROC (AUROC) curve was 0.885 (95% CI, 0.815 to 0.936; P = .0001). Response defined by CEA slope less than -0.2 resulted in sensitivity of 74.7%, specificity of 82.5%, and DOR of 16. The AUROC curve was 0.847 (95% CI, 0.770 to 0.906; P = .0001). The difference between AUROC curves calculated with six or four CEA values was not significant. PFS was correlated with CEA slopes (hazard ratio, 4.6; 95% CI, 2.48 to 8.57). The median PFS was 10 months for patients with CEA slope values less than -0.2 months versus 6 months for patients with CEA slope values greater than -0.2 (P < .0001). These results suggest that the CEA kinetic is an accurate, simple, and noninvasive method to identify the disease progression in patients with unresectable metastasis of colorectal cancer.
    Journal of Clinical Oncology 08/2008; 26(22):3681-6. · 18.04 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: PETACC-1 assessed if raltitrexed is non-inferior to 5-fluorouracil and leucovorin for relapse-free survival (RFS) and overall survival (OS) in adjuvant stage III colon cancer. Non-inferiority required both HR for RFS and OS<1.25 at 1-sided alpha=0.05. Patients (1921) were randomised to six cycles of 5-FU/LV (n=969) or eight cycles of raltitrexed (n=952). We report the final results in 993 eligible patients who started and completed the allocated treatment (489 5-FU/LV and n=504 Raltitrexed) of whom respectively 146 and 148 died, respectively. The trial closed prematurely when 17 (1.9%) raltitrexed-related deaths were reported. Haematological and gastrointestinal toxicities were more frequent with 5-FU/LV, liver toxicities with raltitrexed. Raltitrexed was stopped for toxicity in 13.2% and 5-FU/LV in 8.5%. Sixty-day mortality was 9% versus 7%. With 4.1 years median follow-up, the HR for RFS was 1.16 (90% CI 0.99-1.37) and that for OS was 1.01 (90% CI 0.84-1.23). The trial failed to demonstrate non-inferiority of raltitrexed. Free drugs and financial support from AstraZeneca.
    European journal of cancer (Oxford, England: 1990) 08/2008; 44(15):2204-11. · 4.12 Impact Factor
  • Endoscopy 03/2008; 40 Suppl 2:E47. · 5.74 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Epidemiological studies have provided inconsistent data about the role of dietary fatty acids in colorectal cancer, and few studies have addressed their role in colorectal adenoma. The aim of the study was to assess the risk of overall adenoma recurrence associated with dietary consumption of total fat, subtypes of fat, and specific fatty acids (oleic acid, linoleic acid, alpha-linolenic acid). The study sample was composed of 523 patients with confirmed adenomas at the index colonoscopy, 35 to 75 yr old, who completed the European fiber-calcium intervention trial and had an initial dietary assessment using a qualitative and quantitative food questionnaire. The overall 3-yr recurrence rate was 22.6% (118 out of 523 patients). There were no significant associations between overall adenoma recurrence and either total fat, subtypes of fat, or specific fatty acids. However, polyunsaturated fatty acids and linoleic acid were both moderately but significantly associated with distal and multiple recurrence. No significant associations were observed with recurrence of proximal or advanced adenomas. Our findings do not support the hypothesis of strong associations between dietary fatty acids and recurrence of colorectal adenomas. The hypothesis of a differential role of specific fatty acids according to colorectal subsites deserves further investigation.
    Nutrition and Cancer 02/2008; 60(5):560-7. · 2.70 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To assess the impact of baseline nutritional status on treatment response and survival in nonmetastatic patients with a locally advanced esophageal cancer (LAEC) treated with definitive chemoradiotherapy (CRT). One hundred five patients with LAEC treated by definitive CRT were retrospectively included. The CRT regimen was based on an external radiotherapy (RT) delivered concomitantly to a cisplatin-based chemotherapy (CT). Patients were considered to have a complete response (CR) to CRT when no residual tumor was detected on CT scan and esophagoscopy performed 2 months after the end of CRT. Multivariate analysis of predictive factors of response to CRT and survival were performed using a logistic regression and a Cox model, respectively. Mean value of baseline nutritional parameters was significantly different between nonresponder (N = 42) and responder (N = 63) patients to CRT (weight loss 10%vs 5.8%, P= 0.0047; serum albumin level 35 g/L vs 38.7 g/L, P= 0.0004; BMI 22.8 kg/m2vs 25.2 kg/m2, P= 0.01). In multivariate analysis, serum albumin level > 35 g/L was the only independent predictive factor of CR to CRT (P= 0.009). Independent prognostic factors of survival were BMI > 18 kg/m2 (P= 0.003), dysphagia Atkinson score <2 (P= 0.008), dose of RT > 50 Grays (Gy) (P < 0.0001) and CR to CRT (P < 0.0001). Survival was influenced by baseline nutritional status as well as dysphagia, dose of RT, and CR to CRT. Despite the retrospective design of the study, our results may provide the concept basis for performing a prospective nutritional intervention study in patients treated by definitive CRT for an esophageal cancer.
    The American Journal of Gastroenterology 11/2007; 102(11):2557-63. · 9.21 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The predictive value of KRAS mutation in metastatic colorectal cancer (MCRC) patients treated with cetuximab plus chemotherapy has recently been suggested. In our study, 59 patients with a chemotherapy-refractory MCRC treated with cetuximab plus chemotherapy were included and clinical response was evaluated according to response evaluation criteria in solid tumours (RECIST). Tumours were screened for KRAS mutations using first direct sequencing, then two sensitive methods based on SNaPshot and PCR-ligase chain reaction (LCR) assays. Clinical response was evaluated according to gene mutations using the Fisher exact test. Times to progression (TTP) were calculated using the Kaplan-Meier method and compared with log-rank test. A KRAS mutation was detected in 22 out of 59 tumours and, in six cases, was missed by sequencing analysis but detected using the SNaPshot and PCR-LCR assays. Remarkably, no KRAS mutation was found in the 12 patients with clinical response. KRAS mutation was associated with disease progression (P=0.0005) and TTP was significantly decreased in mutated KRAS patients (3 vs 5.5 months, P=0.015). Our study confirms that KRAS mutation is highly predictive of a non-response to cetuximab plus chemotherapy in MCRC and highlights the need to use sensitive molecular methods, such as SNaPshot or PCR-LCR assays, to ensure an efficient mutation detection.
    British Journal of Cancer 05/2007; 96(8):1166-9. · 5.08 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Uncontrolled studies suggest that chemoradiation has similar efficacy as surgery for esophageal cancer. Therefore, a randomized trial was carried out to compare, in responders only, chemoradiation alone with chemoradiation followed by surgery in patients with locally advanced tumors. Eligible patients had operable T3N0-1M0 thoracic esophageal cancer. Patients received two cycles of fluorouracil (FU) and cisplatin (days 1 to 5 and 22 to 26) and either conventional (46 Gy in 4.5 weeks) or split-course (15 Gy, days 1 to 5 and 22 to 26) concomitant radiotherapy. Patients with response and no contraindication to either treatment were randomly assigned to surgery (arm A) or continuation of chemoradiation (arm B; three cycles of FU/cisplatin and either conventional [20 Gy] or split-course [15 Gy] radiotherapy). Chemoradiation was considered equivalent to surgery if the difference in 2-year survival rate was less than 10%. Of 444 eligible patients, 259 were randomly assigned; 230 patients (88.8%) had epidermoid cancer, and 29 (11.2%) had glandular carcinoma. Two-year survival rate was 34% in arm A versus 40% in arm B (hazard ratio for arm B v arm A = 0.90; adjusted P = .44). Median survival time was 17.7 months in arm A compared with 19.3 months in arm B. Two-year local control rate was 66.4% in arm A compared with 57.0% in arm B, and stents were less required in the surgery arm (5% in arm A v 32% in arm B; P < .001). The 3-month mortality rate was 9.3% in arm A compared with 0.8% in arm B (P = .002). Cumulative hospital stay was 68 days in arm A compared with 52 days in arm B (P = .02). Our data suggest that, in patients with locally advanced thoracic esophageal cancers, especially epidermoid, who respond to chemoradiation, there is no benefit for the addition of surgery after chemoradiation compared with the continuation of additional chemoradiation.
    Journal of Clinical Oncology 04/2007; 25(10):1160-8. · 18.04 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The impact of the histological tumour type in patients treated with definitive chemoradiotherapy (CRT) for an oesophageal cancer is not well established. The aim of this retrospective matched-pair analysis was to evaluate the clinical complete response (CCR) to definitive CRT and the outcome between 2 groups of patients. Fifty-seven patients with an oesophageal adenocarcinoma (ADC) were matched according to the tumour stage and the WHO performance as well as the CRT regimen status including 57 patients with an oesophageal squamous cell carcinoma (SCC). CRT was based on radiotherapy combined with a cisplatin-based chemotherapy. A CCR was observed in 40 patients (70.2%) with an SCC as compared with 26 patients (45.6%) with an ADC (p = 0.013). SCC patients received significantly more of planned cisplatin and radiotherapy doses than ADC patients (82.0 vs. 67.7%, p = 0.042, and 92.5 vs. 84.5%, p = 0.023, respectively). In responders to CRT, local recurrence was significantly more frequent in SCC patients (52.5 vs. 26.9%, p = 0.046). Median survival in all patients as well as in responders to CRT was not different between the 2 groups. Our study showed that treatment completion and CCR to definitive CRT were more frequent in SCC with, however, more local recurrences in these patients. Further studies are required to confirm this difference in response rate to definitive CRT according to histological type of the tumour in oesophageal cancer.
    Oncology 02/2007; 73(5-6):328-34. · 2.17 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Several quantitative genetic alterations have been suggested to have in colorectal cancer (CRC) either a prognostic or a therapeutic predictive value. Routine detection of these alterations is limited by the absence of simple methods. The somatic quantitative multiplex polymerase chain reaction of short fluorescent fragments (QMPSF) is based on the simultaneous amplification under quantitative conditions of several dye-labeled targets both from tumor and nonmalignant tissues. For each patient, the resulting QMPSF fluorescent profiles are superimposed, and quantitative changes are simply detected by an increase or decrease of the corresponding fluorescent peaks. Two assays were developed and applied to 57 CRC: a "bar code" exploring several loci with known prognostic value and a "kinogram" studying the copy number change of kinase genes, against which inhibitors have been developed. The bar code revealed that the most frequent alterations were the gain of AURKA/20q13 (53%) and MYC/8q24 (39%) and heterozygous deletion of DCC/18q21.3 (39%) and TP53/17p13 (23%). The kinogram detected a gene copy number increase for AURKA, PTK2, MET, and EGFR in 53%, 37%, 33%, and 28% of the tumors, respectively. QMPSF results were validated by comparative genomic hybridization and multiplex real-time polymerase chain reaction on genomic DNA. The somatic QMPSF is a simple method able to detect simultaneously on a routine basis several quantitative changes in tumors. Its flexibility will allow the integration of clinically relevant genes. This high throughput method should be a valuable complementary tool of fluorescent in situ hybridization and comparative genomic hybridization.
    Gastroenterology 02/2007; 132(2):645-53. · 12.82 Impact Factor
  • Cancer Radiotherapie - CANCER RADIOTHER. 01/2007; 11(6):421-422.
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    ABSTRACT: A recent phase I study showed that weekly cisplatin, irinotecan and concurrent radiotherapy can be administered with moderate toxicity in patients with oesophageal cancer. Patients with no prior treatment and oesophageal cancer stage I to III, performance status <3, caloric intake >1,500 kcal day(-1) were included. Chemotherapy, with cisplatin 30 mg m(-2) and irinotecan 60 mg m(-2), was administered at days 1, 8, 22, 29, and concurrently with radiotherapy at days 43, 50, 64 and 71. Radiotherapy was delivered with 50 or 50.4 Gy in 25 fractions/5 weeks. Forty-three patients were included, 10 stage I, 19 stage II and 14 stage III. Mean age was 59.2 years (range 44-79). A total of 30 out of 43 (69.8%) patients underwent all planned treatment. During induction chemotherapy, 14 severe toxicities of grade 3 or 4 in 10 patients (23.3%) were reported with 57.1% due to haematoxicity. During chemoradiotherapy, 31 severe toxicities of grade 3 or 4 with 64.5% due to haematotoxicity were reported in 18 patients. One toxic death occurred (diarrhoea grade 4). The complete clinical response rate was 58.1% (95% CI: 43.4-72.8%). Overall survival rate at 1 and 2 years was 62.8%, (95% CI, 58.3-77.3%) and 27.9% (95% CI, 13.4-41.3%), respectively. In conclusion, cisplatin-irinotecan-radiotherapy is an active and well-tolerated regimen feasible in out-patients.
    British Journal of Cancer 09/2006; 95(6):705-9. · 5.08 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Self-expanding metal stents are used routinely to palliate dysphagia due to oesophageal cancer. To compare the frequency of life-threatening complications after self-expanding metal stent insertion, depending on whether patients received prior chemoradiotherapy or no treatment. During 7 years, 116 consecutive patients were treated at a single centre in a palliative intent by insertion of self-expanding metal stent for dysphagia due to an oesophageal cancer. Patients were retrospectively separated into two groups: patients with chemoradiotherapy before self-expanding metal stent insertion (group 1, n = 56) and patients with no treatment before or after self-expanding metal stent insertion (group 2, n = 60). Life-threatening complications were compared and predictive risk factors of postprocedure complications were identified. Median dysphagia was significantly improved during the first month (grade 3 to grade 1 in the two groups). Early and late major complications occurred more frequently in group 1 (23.2% vs. 3.3%; P < 0.002 and 21.6% vs. 5.1%; P < 0.02 respectively). Prior chemoradiotherapy was the only independent predictive factor of postprocedure major complications, with an odds ratio of 5.59 (CI 95% 1.7-18.1). Life-threatening complications after palliative self-expanding metal stent placement seem to occur more frequently in patients with prior chemoradiotherapy. Prevention of these severe complications should be considered before stenting.
    Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics 07/2006; 23(12):1693-702. · 4.55 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

2k Citations
329.41 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 1998–2011
    • Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Rouen
      • Service d'Urologie
      Rouen, Upper Normandy, France
  • 2010
    • Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Poitiers
      Poitiers, Poitou-Charentes, France
  • 2006
    • Insitute de Cancérologie de l'Ouest - Centre René Gauducheau
      Naoned, Pays de la Loire, France
  • 2000–2004
    • Hôpital Charles-Nicolle
      Tunis-Ville, Tūnis, Tunisia
  • 2002
    • Institut Paoli Calmettes
      Marsiglia, Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur, France
  • 1996–2002
    • Centre Alexis Vautrin (CAV)
      Vandoeuvre, Lorraine, France
  • 1993–1997
    • Centre Henri Becquerel
      Rouen, Upper Normandy, France
    • Radboud University Nijmegen
      Nymegen, Gelderland, Netherlands
  • 1990
    • Institut Jules Bordet
      Bruxelles, Brussels Capital Region, Belgium