Yasuhiro Nakano

Tohoku University, Sendai-shi, Miyagi-ken, Japan

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Publications (4)13.71 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Apicularens A and B were isolated from the myxobacterial genus Chondromyces apiculatus JW184. Apicularen A inhibited bafilomycin A1-sensitive ATP-dependent proton transport into microsome vesicles more potently than apicularen B. Bone resorption in cultures of mouse calvariae induced by human parathyroid hormone (PTH) or interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta) was inhibited by apicularen A at 10 and 100 nM, while apicularen B had no effect. The bisphosphonate incadronate inhibited bone resorption at 100 nM, being less effective than apicularen A. Our findings indicate that apicularen A inhibits bone resorption induced by PTH or IL-1beta more potently than apicularen B, probably due to inhibition of the V-ATPase.
    Planta Medica 03/2007; 73(2):173-5. · 2.35 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In the mouse leukemic monocyte cell line RAW 264.7, the vacuolar-type (H(+))-ATPase (V-ATPase) inhibitors bafilomycin A1 and concanamycin A induced nitric oxide (NO) production through the expression of inducible nitric-oxide synthase mRNA and its protein and decreased cell growth and survival as determined by 3-(4,5-dimethyl(thiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay. Bafilomycin A1 and concanamycin A activated nuclear factor (NF)-kappaB and activator protein-1 and decreased the level of IkappaB-alpha and increased that of phosphorylated c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK). NO production induced by these V-ATPase inhibitors was suppressed by the NF-kappaB inhibitor Bay 11-7082 [(E)3-[(4-methylphenyl)sulfonyl])-2-propenenitrile] and the JNK inhibitor SP600125 [anthra[1,9-cd]pyrazol-6(2H)-one] in parallel with the partial alleviation of the V-ATPase inhibitor-induced decrease in MTT response. The Na(+),K(+)-ATPase inhibitor dibucaine and the F-ATPase inhibitor oligomycin did not induce NO production at which concentrations the MTT response was decreased. The NO donor S-nitroso-N-acetyl-dl-penicillamine further lowered the V-ATPase inhibitor-induced decrease in the MTT response, and the NO scavenger 2-(4-carboxyphenyl)-4,4,5,5-tetramethylimidazoline-1-oxyl-3-oxide, sodium salt (carboxy-PTIO) alleviated it partially. Mitochondrial depolarization, an index of apoptosis, was induced by bafilomycin A1 and concanamycin A. On treatment with the nitric-oxide synthase inhibitor N(G)-monomethyl-l-arginine acetate, the disruption of mitochondrial membrane potential induced by bafilomycin A1 and concanamycin A was alleviated partially in parallel with the decrease in NO production. Carboxy-PTIO also alleviated it partially. Our findings suggest that the V-ATPase inhibitors bafilomycin A1 and concanamycin A similarly induce NO production and the newly produced NO participates partially in the V-ATPase inhibitor-induced apoptosis in RAW 264.7 cells.
    Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics 12/2006; 319(2):672-81. · 3.89 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Apicularen A and the known vacuolar-type (H(+))-ATPase (V-ATPase) inhibitor bafilomycin A(1) induced apoptosis of RAW 264.7 cells, while apicularen B, an N-acetyl-glucosamine glycoside of apicularen A, was far less effective. Apicularen A inhibited vital staining with acridine orange of the intracellular organelles of RAW 264.7 cells, inhibited the ATP-dependent proton transport into inside-out microsome vesicles, and inhibited the bafilomycin A(1)-sensitive ATP hydrolysis. The IC(50) values of the proton transport were 0.58 nM for apicularen A, 13 nM for apicularen B, and 0.95 nM for bafilomycin A(1). Furthermore, apicularen A inhibited the bafilomycin A(1)-sensitive ATP hydrolysis more potently than apicularen B. F-ATPase and P-ATPase were not inhibited by apicularen A. We concluded that apicularen A inhibits V-ATPase, and thus induces apoptosis in RAW 264.7 cells.
    FEBS Letters 06/2006; 580(11):2723-30. · 3.58 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We previously reported that apicularen A [2,4-heptadienamide, N-[(1E)-3-[(3S,5R,7R,9S)-3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10-octahydro-7,14 dihydroxy-1-oxo-5,9-epoxy-1H-2-benzoxacyclododecin-3-yl]-1 propenyl]-, (2Z,4Z)-(9CI)], a highly cytostatic macrolide isolated from the myxobacterial genus Chondromyces, induces apoptosis in the mouse leukemic monocyte cell line RAW 264.7. To analyze the action mechanism of apicularen A for the induction of apoptosis, effects of apicularen A on nitric oxide (NO) production in RAW 264.7 cells were examined. It was demonstrated that apicularen A at 10 and 100 nM induced nitrite production, whereas apicularen B [2,4-heptadienamide, N-[(1E)-3-[(3S,5R,7R,9S)-7-[[2-(acetylamino)-2-deoxy-beta-d-glucopyranosyl]oxy]-3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10-octahydro-14-hydroxy-1-oxo-5,9-epoxy-1H-2-benzoxacyclododecin-3-yl]-1 propenyl]-, (2Z,4Z)-(9CI)], an N-acetyl-glucosamine glycoside of apicularen A, had no effect at 100 nM. The apicularen A-induced nitrite production was accompanied by an increase in the level of inducible nitric-oxide synthase (iNOS) and its mRNA and was suppressed by the NOS inhibitor N(G)-monomethyl-l-arginine acetate (l-NMMA). In addition, apicularen A activated nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB) and activator protein-1 (AP-1) and decreased the level of IkappaB-alpha and increased that of phosphorylated c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK). Furthermore, the apicularen A-induced nitrite production was suppressed by the NF-kappaB inhibitor Bay 11-7082 [(E)-3-(4-methylphenylsulfonyl)-2-propenenitrile] and the JNK inhibitor SP600125 [anthra[1,9-cd]pyrazol-6(2H)-one]. These findings suggested that apicularen A activates NF-kappaB and AP-1, thus triggering the expression of iNOS mRNA and iNOS protein and induces NO production. Finally, apicularen A decreased cell growth and survival and cell viability and disrupted the mitochondrial membrane potential. The addition of l-NMMA partially recovered the apicularen A-induced decrease in cell growth and survival and cell viability and the disruption of mitochondrial membrane potential. These findings suggested that NO produced by apicularen A treatment participate partially in the apicularen A-induced apoptosis in RAW 264.7 cells.
    Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics 04/2005; 312(3):968-77. · 3.89 Impact Factor