Jean-Dominique Law-Koune

Hôpital Foch, Lutetia Parisorum, Île-de-France, France

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Publications (5)11 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: To determine if propofol infusion can be steered automatically by using bispectral index (BIS) as a controller during lung transplantation. A prospective study of patients undergoing lung transplantation. University hospital. Twenty consecutive patients scheduled for bilateral (n = 14) or single (n = 6) lung transplantation. The goal of the closed-loop administration of propofol was to maintain the BIS value between 40 and 60 during the maintenance phase. The remifentanil infusion was adjusted according to standard clinical practice. The closed-loop system was able to provide anesthesia maintenance for all patients. Cardiopulmonary bypass was used in 5 patients, and 14 patients received a thoracic epidural catheter. The BIS value was maintained between 40 and 60 during 84% +/- 16% of the maintenance phase. Eleven patients were extubated in the operating room, and 1 patient needed reintubation. Closed-loop control of consciousness by a computer during lung transplantation is clinically feasible.
    Journal of cardiothoracic and vascular anesthesia 09/2008; 22(4):611-5. · 1.06 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Studies investigating the influence of muscle relaxants on the bispectral index have yielded contradictory results. In our prospective, randomized, double-blind experiments, patients received a fixed target concentration of remifentanil along with a target-controlled infusion of propofol, titrated until loss of consciousness. Two minutes after loss of consciousness, the study group received a bolus injection of atracurium, whereas the control group received a placebo. The following variables were recorded: bispectral index, spectral edge frequency, electromyographic activity, state entropy, and response entropy provided by the Datex-Ohmeda Entropy monitor. Similar values were obtained in both groups at loss of consciousness. Placebo administration induced a decrease in bispectral index (P < 0.002), spectral edge frequency (P < 0.05), electromyographic activity (P < 0.02), state entropy (P < 0.05), and response entropy (P < 0.01) compared with the values measured at loss of consciousness. Atracurium administration induced a decrease in bispectral index (P < 0.0001), spectral edge frequency (P < 0.01), electromyographic activity (P < 0.0001), state entropy (P < 0.0001), and response entropy (P < 0.0001) values. Decreases in bispectral index (P < 0.05), electromyographic activity (P < 0.0001), and response entropy (P < 0.01) were larger after atracurium than placebo injection. In lightly anesthetized patients, myorelaxant administration decreases bispectral index and response entropy, but not state entropy values.
    Anesthesia & Analgesia 12/2005; 101(6):1713-8. · 3.30 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Local anesthetic infiltration has been proposed to decrease postoperative pain. The aim of this study was to determine whether scalp infiltration with bupivacaine or ropivacaine would improve analgesia after supratentorial craniotomy for tumor resection. Eighty patients were recruited into a randomized double-blind study. Infiltration was performed after skin closure with 20 mL of saline 0.9% (placebo group, n = 40), of 0.375% bupivacaine with epinephrine 1:200,000 (bupivacaine group, n = 20), or of 0.75% ropivacaine (ropivacaine group, n = 20). Postoperative analgesia was provided with patient-controlled morphine IV analgesia (PCA). The study was continued until PACU discharge, which occurred early in the morning following surgery. Results are reported on 37 patients in the placebo group, 20 in the bupivacaine group, and 19 in the ropivacaine group because 4 patients experienced postoperative complications and were excluded from the study. Morphine titration at arrival in the postanesthesia care unit was necessary more often in the placebo group (62% of the patients) than in the 2 treated groups (19% in each, P = 0.02). The median quantity of morphine administered during the first 2 postoperative hours, including initial titration administered by a nurse and PCA-administered morphine, was lower in each treated group than in the placebo group (P < 0.01). The median morphine consumption up to the 16th postoperative hour was not significantly different among the 3 groups. There was no difference in the visual analogue scale scores among the 3 groups at any time. Scalp infiltration with either bupivacaine or ropivacaine had a statistically significant effect on morphine consumption during the first 2 postoperative hours.
    Journal of Neurosurgical Anesthesiology 07/2005; 17(3):139-43. · 1.67 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We performed this prospective randomized double-blinded study to assess the ability of almitrine to treat hypoxemia during one-lung ventilation (OLV). Twenty-eight patients were anesthetized with propofol, sufentanil, and atracurium; lung separation was achieved with a double-lumen tube. A transesophageal Doppler probe was inserted to evaluate cardiac index. If SpO(2) was equal to or decreased to <95% during OLV (inspired fraction of oxygen of 0.6), patients were included in the study and received a placebo or almitrine (12 microg x kg(-1) x min(-1) for 10 min followed by 4 microg x kg(-1) x min(-1)) infusion until SpO(2) reached 90% or decreased to <90% (exclusion from the study). Eighteen of the 28 patients were included and received either almitrine (n = 9) or a placebo (n = 9). Treatment was discontinued in 1 patient in the almitrine group and 6 in the placebo group (P < 0.05). Treatment was successful (SpO(2) remaining >or=95% during OLV) in 8 patients in the almitrine group and 1 in the placebo group (P < 0.01). Heart rate, arterial blood pressure, and cardiac index did not change throughout the study, but we could obtain an adequate aortic blood flow signal in only half of the patients. Almitrine could be used to treat hypoxemia during OLV. IMPLICATIONS: IV almitrine improves oxygenation during one-lung ventilation without hemodynamic modification. Such treatment could be used when conventional ventilatory strategy fails to treat hypoxemia or cannot be used.
    Anesthesia & Analgesia 04/2004; 98(3):590-4, table of contents. · 3.30 Impact Factor
  • Jean-Dominique Law-Koune, Ngai Liu, Barbara Szekely, Marc Fischler
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    ABSTRACT: Airway management may be difficult in acromegalic patients. The purpose of the study was to evaluate the intubating laryngeal mask airway (ILMA) as a primary tool for ventilation and intubation in acromegalic patients. Twenty-three consenting consecutive adult acromegalic patients presenting for transsphenoidal resection of pituitary adenoma were enrolled in the study. Anesthesia was induced using propofol (1.5 mg/kg followed by 0.5-mg/kg increments); the ILMA was inserted when the bispectral index fell below 50. The ILMA was successful as a primary airway for oxygenation and ventilation at the first attempt for 21 (91%) patients, while 2 (9%) patients required a second attempt. Patient movement was noticed in five (21.7%) of the patients during ILMA insertion. An attempt at tracheal intubation through the ILMA was performed following administration of a mean 395 +/- 168-mg dose of propofol. Overall success rates for tracheal intubation were 82% (19 patients). The first-attempt success rate for tracheal intubation was 52.6% (10 patients), second- and third-attempt success rates were 42.1% (8 patients) and 5.3% (1 patient), respectively. Coughing or movement during intubation was observed in 12 (63.2%) of the patients. Direct laryngoscopy permitted intubation in three cases and blind intubation using a bougie in the fourth case. ILMA can be used as a primary airway for oxygenation in acromegalic patients (manual bag ventilation), but the rate of failed blind intubation through the ILMA precludes its use as a first choice for elective airway management.
    Journal of Neurosurgical Anesthesiology 02/2004; 16(1):11-3. · 1.67 Impact Factor