Daisuke Okutani

Minami Okayama Medical Center, Okayama, Okayama, Japan

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Publications (10)18.11 Total impact

  • D Okutani, K Kotani, T Nagai, S Makihara
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    ABSTRACT: Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a progressive and fatal disease. To support breathing of some patients with ALS in its severe condition, mechanical ventilation is indispensable. However, mechanical ventilation has been known to induce pneumothorax by the damage of lung cells in response to mechanical stretch. An ALS 50-year-old male on mechanical ventilation was referred to our department for left pneumothorax. After an unsuccessful drainage for a couple of weeks, he underwent a partial resection of the left lung. On 3rd postoperative day (POD) the left lung collapsed again. Moreover, on 6th POD, the right pneumothorax occurred. Regarding the right pneumothorax, drainage was effective with a continuous pressure of -10 cm H2O, and the chest tube was removed soon. An air leak from the left chest tube persisted, and the left lung expansion was not enough with its apex line around the clavicle. On 42nd POD, a drainage pressure was increased up to -15 cm H2O. Then an air leak disappeared, and the lung expansion was obtained. The adjustment of a chest tube drainage pressure seems to be important, especially when a pneumothorax patient on mechanical ventilation is treated.
    Kyobu geka. The Japanese journal of thoracic surgery 04/2009; 62(3):231-4.
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    ABSTRACT: The living-donor lobar lung transplantation procedure has been developed clinically as an alternative approach for patients considered too ill to await cadaveric transplantation. With this procedure, 2 lobes are implanted in the recipient in place of whole right and left lungs, respectively. However, the shortage of graft volume can be a problem when compared with full-sized cadaveric grafts. In an attempt to solve this problem, we have developed a native lobe-preserving lobar transplant technique using a large animal model. We report a first successful case of a patient undergoing native lobe-preserving lobar lung transplantation for severe pulmonary emphysema.
    The Journal of heart and lung transplantation: the official publication of the International Society for Heart Transplantation 10/2008; 27(9):1046-9. · 3.54 Impact Factor
  • Daisuke Okutani, M Yamane, S Toyooka, T Oto, Y Sano
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    ABSTRACT: Chondrosarcoma of rib origin is rare accounting for about 2% of all chondrosarcomas. A 63-year-old female with an anterior chest wall tumor was referred to our institution for surgical treatment of a 2nd chondrosarcoma in the right 2nd rib 4 years after the initial surgery for its primary lesion. Computed tomography (CT) showed a low density mass, 36 mm in diameter, arising from the 2nd rib. An extended excision of the chest wall including the tumor was performed followed by the reconstruction of the chest wall with double Marlex Mesh. As she had already undergone the reconstruction of the chest wall for its primary lesion, this reconstruction was her 2nd one. Nevertheless, her respiratory condition was well preserved with no significant chest deformity. Wide excision and reconstruction could be performed for the 2nd arising chondrosarcoma of the rib even after the initial lesion was already widely removed and reconstructed.
    Kyobu geka. The Japanese journal of thoracic surgery 06/2008; 61(5):427-9.
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    ABSTRACT: A rare complication of percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) is gastrocolocutaneous fistula which usually occurs after replacement of the PEG tube. As tube feeding is directly delivered to the transverse colon, patients typically present with a sudden onset of transient diarrhea within minutes after PEG tube feeding. A radiographic study using water-soluble contrast material via the PEG tube shows the tip of the tube in the transverse colon. We present here a patient who had this complication after PEG insertion. A PEG tube for enteral feeding was placed in a 27-year-old man with cerebral plasty and a severe scoliosis. After replacement of the PEG tube, he developed diarrhea after each PEG tube feeding. The diagnosis of gastrocolocutaneous fistula was made after injection of gastrografin from the PEG tube. Another gastrostomy tube was placed surgically and the fistula was then also excised. In conclusion, gastrocolocutaneous fistula must be considered as a complication of PEG tube placement when patients with a PEG tube develop a sudden onset of transient diarrhea immediately after PEG tube feeding.
    Acta medica Okayama 05/2008; 62(2):135-8. · 0.65 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Dry pleural dissemination in non-small cell lung cancer, defined as solid pleural metastasis of lung cancer without pleural effusion, is a condition occurring in T4 lung cancer. Positron emission tomography (PET) has been reported to be useful for the diagnosis and staging of lung cancer. It has been reported that positive findings on PET scans of indeterminate pleural abnormalities at computed tomography (CT) are sensitive to malignancy. We encountered two cases of dry small pleural dissemination of adenocarcinoma of the lung preoperatively detected by PET/CT. A 75-year-old man and a 66-year-old man underwent CT scan, which demonstrated solitary tumor in the lung, an enlarged mediastinal lymph node, and a small pleural nodule less than 10 mm in size, all of which were positive findings on the fluorine 18 fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) PET portion of an integrated PET/CT. Both patients underwent thoracoscopic biopsy of the dry pleural nodule revealing dissemination of adenocarcinoma of the lung (T4). Whereas histological thoracoscopic diagnosis remains mandatory before planning treatment, our cases may suggest that PET/CT will be useful as a screening modality for dry pleural dissemination of lung cancer.
    Acta medica Okayama 03/2008; 62(1):55-8. · 0.65 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A 57-year-old man was accidentally hit by concrete blocks weighing 3 tons on his right side, and was admitted to a hospital. The radiologic findings taken immediately after trauma demonstrated pneumo-mediastinum, subcutaneous emphysema with multiple rib fractures and right clavicle fracture. At computed tomography (CT) scan 16 hours after trauma, pneumomediastinum and subcutaneous emphysema turned out to be worsened with an increased bilateral pleural effusion. An emergency thoracotomy revealed no abnormalities of trachea or esophagus, and neither bronchoscopy or esophagogastroscopy, showed injuries anywhere inside. The chest cavities and mediastinum were washed well with 3 liters of saline solution. The patient had a good course after surgery without any complications, and was discharged at the 18th hospital day. Mediastinal drainage by an emergency operation should always be a choice to a patient having a progressively worsening pneumomediastinum which might cause tachycardia, low blood pressure, and severe dyspnea due to compression of blood vessels and trachea.
    Kyobu geka. The Japanese journal of thoracic surgery 10/2007; 60(10):942-5.
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    ABSTRACT: We previously reported that post-mortem heparinization by closed-chest cardiac massage is beneficial in lung transplantation from non-heart-beating donors by preventing formation of microthrombi. In this study, we evaluated the optimal time for post-mortem heparinization in canine lung transplantation from non-heart-beating donors. Left lung transplantation was performed in 25 weight-matched pairs of mongrel dogs. Donors were killed with an intravenous injection of potassium chloride and left at room temperature for 2 hours. The cadaver donors were assigned randomly to one of five study groups. In Group H0, heparin sodium (1,000 U/kg) was given intravenously before cardiac arrest. In Groups H10, H30, H45 and H60, heparin sodium (1,000 U/kg) was given intravenously 10, 30, 45 and 60 minutes after cardiac arrest, respectively, followed by closed-chest cardiac massage for 2 minutes. After 2 hours of cardiac arrest, donor lungs were flushed with low-potassium dextran glucose solution and preserved for 60 minutes. After left lung allotransplantation, the right pulmonary artery was ligated, and recipient animals were followed up for 3 hours. Uni- and multivariate repeat analyses were utilized for statistical assessment. After transplantation, gas exchange was significantly worse in Groups H45 and H60 than in Groups H0, H10 and H30. Thrombin/anti-thrombin III complex concentration during warm ischemia was significantly higher in Groups H30, H45 and H60 than in Groups H0 and H10. The optimal time for post-mortem heparinization in lung transplantation from non-heart-beating donors is approximately 30 minutes after cardiac arrest.
    The Journal of heart and lung transplantation: the official publication of the International Society for Heart Transplantation 05/2006; 25(4):454-60. · 3.54 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We recently reported a technique of unilateral double lobar lung transplantation (UDLLT) in a canine model that was associated with satisfactory early pulmonary function. The purpose of the present experimental study was to assess the quality of bronchial healing, complication rates, survival rates and long-term pulmonary function of this new transplantation technique. Unilateral double lobar lung transplantation was performed in 14 weight-matched pairs of dogs. In recipient animals, two grafts obtained from donor animals were implanted in the right hemithorax after right pneumonectomy. One graft (left graft) was implanted as a right upper lobe in an upside-down position and the other (right graft) was implanted in the natural anatomic position. The immunosuppressed recipients were observed for 3 weeks. Transplanted graft function was assessed under left main pulmonary artery occlusion at 1 and 3 weeks after transplantation. All animals survived the operation. Pulmonary artery kinking (3/14, 21%) and pulmonary venous thrombus (4/14, 29%) were exclusively observed in the graft implanted in the upside-down position. These complications decreased as the number of transplantations increased. Two of the first seven (29%) and five of the last seven recipient dogs (71%) survived for 3 weeks with excellent pulmonary function and good bronchial healing. This procedure was associated with a high complication incidence in the non-anatomically positioned graft. However, a precise surgical technique could decrease these complications. This technically demanding procedure provided excellent pulmonary function and good bronchial healing.
    European Journal of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery 02/2006; 29(1):40-4. · 2.67 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Microthrombus formation appears to be one of the major detrimental factors in lung transplantation from non-heart-beating donors. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of postmortem heparinization by closed-chest cardiac massage in a canine model of left single-lung allotransplantation from non-heart-beating donors. Left lung transplantation was performed in 18 weight-matched pairs of mongrel dogs. Donors were killed with an intravenous injection of potassium chloride and left at room temperature for 2 hours. The cadaveric donors were assigned randomly to one of the three groups. In group 1 (n = 6), no heparin was given as a control. In group 2 (n = 6), heparin sodium (1000 U/kg) was administered intravenously before cardiac arrest. In group 3 (n = 6), heparin sodium (1000 U/kg) was administered intravenously 10 minutes after death, then closed-chest cardiac massage was performed for 2 minutes. After 2 hours of cardiac arrest, donor lungs were flushed with low-potassium dextran-glucose solution and preserved for 60 minutes. After left lung transplantation, the right pulmonary artery was ligated, and recipient animals were followed up for 3 hours. Univariate and multivariate repeated analyses were used for statistics. Both groups 2 and 3 had significantly better gas exchange and lower pulmonary vascular resistance than group 1. Changes in thrombin-antithrombin III complex concentration during the warm ischemia indicated that postmortem heparinization suppressed clotting activation in the donor. Postmortem heparinization by cardiac massage is beneficial in lung transplantation from non-heart beating donors by preventing microthrombus formation.
    Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery 03/2005; 129(2):429-34. · 3.53 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Bilateral living-donor lobar lung transplantation has become an accepted alternative to cadaveric lung transplantation. Because only one lobe is implanted in each chest cavity, this procedure seems to be best suited for children and small adults. The purpose of this study was to develop a technique of unilateral double lobar lung transplantation that can be applied to large adult patients. Unilateral double lobar lung transplantation was performed in 6 weight-matched pairs of dogs. In donor animals the right middle, lower, and cardiac lobes were separated as a right graft, and the left lower lobe was separated as a left graft. In recipient animals these 2 grafts were implanted in the right hemithorax after right pneumonectomy. The left graft was implanted as a right upper lobe, having been rotated 180 degrees along the vertical axis and then 180 degrees along the horizontal axis. The right graft was implanted in the natural anatomic position. Function of the transplanted grafts was assessed for 3 hours after ligation of the left main pulmonary artery while the animals were ventilated with 100% oxygen. Morphologic adaptation of the 2 grafts in the right hemithorax was found to be excellent. All 6 animals survived the assessment period with excellent pulmonary function. At the end of the 3-hour assessment period, the arterial oxygen tension was 519 +/- 31 mm Hg, and the mean pulmonary artery pressure was 30.5 +/- 1.7 mm Hg. Unilateral double lobar lung transplantation was technically possible and associated with satisfactory early pulmonary function in a canine experimental model.
    Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery 03/2004; 127(2):563-7. · 3.53 Impact Factor