[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The pathomechanism of Helicobacter pylori action upon gastric mucosa and its role in the pathogenesis of gastritis have not been fully elucidated. The aim of this study was to evaluate the most prevalent lymphocyte subpopulations of the gastric mucosa in gastritis in children, as well as to evaluate the expression of Fas and Fas ligand receptors (FasL), periapoptotic markers of gastric mucosa lymphocytes before and after H. pylori eradication. Forty nine patients aged 6 to 17 years, investigated due to chronic abdominal pain, were studied. The obtained tissue samples were analysed by immunohistochemistry. Different lymphocyte subsets were quantified on the basis of surface antigen expression (CD3, CD4, CD8, CD20), secreted cytokines (IL-4, IL-6, IFNgamma) and Fas and FasL proteins in the gastric mucosa. B and T helper lymphocytes were found to play a major role in the inflammatory infiltration in the gastric mucosa in children during H. pylori infection. Their expression was found to decrease after eradication. The enhanced expression of Fas receptor on lymphocytes before treatment and a decrease of this expression after eradication of H. pylori were shown. It was demonstrated that there is a correlation between CD4 and Fas receptor expression that may induce apoptosis of the helper lymphocytes in infected children.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We analyzed 99 blood cultures taken from 28 children with central venous catheter. Children were hospitalized in pediatric, pediatric surgery and pediatric intensive care department. All samples were collected from peripherial vein. Positive blood cultures were obtained more frequently from children with central venous catheter than from children without central venous catheter (57.5% vs. 7.4%). Staphylococcus epidermidis was the most frequently obtained bacteria. The other bacterial species were obtained less frequently. The highest percentage of multi resistant straines was isolated from blood samples collected from intensive care department patients. In each departments in which coagulase-negative Staphylococci were isolated, metycillin-resistant straines dominated.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Comparison of clinical outcome of lower respiratory tract infections in small children treated or not treated with antibiotics.
Eighty seven children aged from 2 months to 5 years admitted to hospital with mild to moderate bronchitis and/or pneumonia were randomly allocated to one of two groups: group A children were treated with antibiotics and group B patients were not. The children remained under close clinical observation. The clinical outcome was considered good if symptoms of the disease decreased after 72 hours. In case of no clinical improvement or worsening, the children from group B received antibiotics and in children from group A antibiotic therapy was changed.
There were no significant differences between the two groups in the course of the disease, the frequency of pulmonary complications and recurrence during one month of follow-up.
Medycyna wieku rozwojowego 01/2004; 8(2 Pt 2):403-10.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Helicobacter pylori infection activates local immunological response and causes mononuclear cells infiltration in the gastric mucosa. On this account the studies on lymphocyte subpopulations in the gastric mucosa in children during Helicobacter pylori infections are inconsistent. It has been shown that the morphological status of gastric mucosa in children with Helicobacter pylori infection is different than in adult patients. THE AIM OF THE STUDY was the evaluation of chosen immunocompetent cells expression in gastric mucosa in children before and after eradication treatment.
Forty-nine children with chronic abdominal pain was enrolled in the study. They were divided into the following groups: 22 children without infection (negative urease test and absence of Helicobacter pylori antigen assessed by immunoenzymatic and immunofluorescent methods) and 27 with Helicobacter pylori infection. Part of the children (11) from the second group had a follow-up endoscopy after eradication therapy. The tissue samples from the gastric antrum and fundus were obtained for morphological and immunohistochemistry assays by direct immunofluorescent and immunoenzymatic methods.
There were negative Helicobacter pylori tests in group I. In the group of infected children superficial colonisation of pathogen dominated In analysed groups percentage of patients with superficial antigens and cytokines (CD3, CD4, CD8, CD20, IL-4, IL-6, INF-gamma) characteristic for each lymphocytes subpopulations were established. In infammatory infiltrations T lymphocytes CD4 and B lymphocytes CD20 dominated localised mainly in the lamina propria of the gastric mucosa. Expression of above lymphocytes subpopulations diminished after eradication treatment. After treatment the total eradication of Helicobacter pylori was observed in 5 children and in 6 patients the pathogen persisted.
The dominant role in local response during Helicobacter pylori infection in children is played by T CD4 and B CD20 lymphocytes localised mainly in lamina propria of gastric mucosa. Degree of T cells CD4 and CD20 expression decreases after eradication treatment.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Takayasu's disease is a chronic, nonspecific arteritis of unknown etiology. It mainly affects young women in the second and third decade of life. The reports of the disease in pediatric patients are rare. The pathological process involves all the layers of the arterial wall. It affects primarily the aortic arch and its main branches. If the renal arteries are involved, hypertension develops. A 14-year-old girl suffered from Takayasu's disease was described. The first symptoms: tonic-clonic seizures, neurological signs and high arterial blood pressure were observed in a previously healthy girl. The diagnostics process was presented with special attention given to the interpretation of radiological imagings. The diagnosis of Takayasu's disease was based on result of angiography. This examination demonstrated the abdominal aorta abnormalities which have been described in patients with Takayasu's disease and the right renal artery stenosis.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Helicobacter pylori (Hp) infection influences cell metabolism and apoptosis in the epithelium and lymphocytes of gastric mucosa. It may cause difficulties in the elimination of bacteria and lead to chronic gastritis. THE AIM OF THE STUDY was to find if there is a relationship between periapoptotic markers such as Fas, FasL and Bcl-2 in gastric mucosa in children with chronic gastritis and with Hp infection.
Forty-nine children with chronic abdominal pain were included in the study. They, were divided into three groups: group I without Hp (22) group II with (27) Hp infection. Eleven children from the second group who had follow-up endoscopy after eradication therapy formed group III. Hp infection was confirmed by 4 different methods. The triple- drug treatment was applied. Tissue samples from the gastric mucosa were obtained, during upper gastrointestinal endoscopy, for microscopic evaluation (according to the Sydney classification) and immunohistochemistry. In the analysed groups the percentage of patients with periapoptotic markers (Fas, FasL, Bcl-2) was established. The Fas antigen was estimated by immunofluorescent and immunoenzymatic methods. The FasL I Bcl-2 receptors were evaluated by the immunoenzymatic method.
The expression of FasL and Bcl-2 receptors was found in all children without Hp infection. The expression of Fas antigen was less frequent in this group. The expression of Fas receptor was statistically significantly more frequent (p<0.05) in children with Hp infection. The expression of FasL and Bcl-2 in children with Hp infection was similar to group I (without Hp infection). In group of children after eradication treatment the expression of Fas and Bcl-2 (p<0.05) markers were significantly less frequent.
Helicobacter pylori activates apoptosis by two pathways. It appears that the Fas/FasL pathway is the main one. Only in the case of Fas receptor there is a link between its significantly more frequent expression with Hp infection and its reduction after eradication treatment.