[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To identify the factors affecting the surgical decisions of experienced physicians when treating patients with lower urinary tract symptoms that are suggestive of benign prostatic hyperplasia (LUTS/BPH).
Patients with LUTS/BPH treated by two physicians between October 2004 and August 2013 were included in this study. The causal Bayesian network (CBN) model was used to analyze factors influencing the surgical decisions of physicians and the actual performance of surgery. The accuracies of the established CBN models were verified using linear regression (LR) analysis.
A total of 1,108 patients with LUTS/BPH were analyzed. The mean age and total prostate volume (TPV) were 66.2 (±7.3, standard deviation) years and 47.3 (±25.4) mL, respectively. Of the total 1,108 patients, 603 (54.4%) were treated by physician A and 505 (45.6%) were treated by physician B. Although surgery was recommended to 699 patients (63.1%), 589 (53.2%) actually underwent surgery. Our CBN model showed that the TPV (R=0.432), treating physician (R=0.370), bladder outlet obstruction (BOO) on urodynamic study (UDS) (R=0.324), and International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS) question 3 (intermittency; R=0.141) were the factors directly influencing the surgical decision. The transition zone volume (R=0.396), treating physician (R=0.340), and BOO (R=0.300) directly affected the performance of surgery. Compared to the LR model, the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve of the CBN surgical decision model was slightly compromised (0.803 vs. 0.847, P<0.001), whereas that of the actual performance of surgery model was similar (0.801 vs. 0.820, P=0.063) to the LR model.
The TPV, treating physician, BOO on UDS, and the IPSS item of intermittency were factors that directly influenced decision-making in physicians treating patients with LUTS/BPH.
International neurourology journal 12/2014; 18(4):198-205.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To compare serial changes of postoperative storage symptoms between PVP and HoLEP, and to identify the predictors influencing postoperative improvement of storage symptoms.
World Journal of Urology 11/2014; · 3.42 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To evaluate the clinical usefulness of preoperative CT voiding cystourethrography (CT-VCUG) using 16-multidetector computed tomography for female urethral diverticula.
PLoS ONE 09/2014; 9(9):e107448. · 3.53 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Objective
To evaluate changes of nocturnal polyuria (NP) after holmium laser enucleation of the prostate (HoLEP) in patients with nocturia preoperatively.
Patients and Methods
This retrospective study included patients who underwent HoLEP for benign prostatic hyperplasia and recorded 3-day frequency-volume chart strictly. Patients who had a history of prostate cancer, sleep apnea, renal failure, heart failure, or medication of desmopressin were excluded. Nocturia is defined as ≥1 void at night, and NP is defined by nocturnal polyuria index (NPI) >33%. Among 472 patients included in the final analysis, 352 men (74.6%) presented nocturia preoperatively. Among those, 205 men (58.2%) who had NP preoperatively were allocated to group NP, and 147 men who did not were allocated to group non-NP.
In total patients, nocturnal frequency was decreased significantly starting from 3 months after the HoLEP. In NP group, mean value of NPI decreased by 4.1% ± 10.7%, 6.0% ± 9.4%, 6.2% ± 9.5%, and 4.8% ± 11.4% at postoperative months 1, 3, 6, and 12, respectively. The proportion of patients who showed decreased NPI to the normal range (≤33%) were 32.5%, 36.1%, 37.7%, and 31.0% at postoperative months 1, 3, 6, and 12, respectively. On receiver operating characteristics curve analysis, an absolute reduction of NPI of ≥6.0% was shown as a significant predictor for improved nocturia (≥50% reduction of nocturnal frequency).
In our study, the improvement of NP after HoLEP was observed. This suggests that relieving lower urinary tract obstruction has a positive influence on NP, and it could be a new strategy for treatment of NP.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Penile circular fasciocutaneous flap urethroplasty is a useful technique for a long anterior urethral stricture due to the flap's hairless nature and ample length. We investigated the surgical outcomes of urethroplasty for a complex anterior urethral stricture, performed using a penile circular fasciocutaneous flap.
The world journal of men's health. 08/2014; 32(2):87-92.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We aimed to prospectively evaluate the influence of holmium laser enucleation of the prostate (HoLEP) on the overall postoperative sexual function of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) patients with lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) and to explore the relationship between sexual function and LUTS. From January 2010 to December 2011, sixty sexually active consecutive patients with BPH who underwent HoLEP were prospectively enrolled in the study. All patients filled out the Male Sexual Health Questionnaire (MSHQ) for evaluation of their overall sexual function and the International Prostatic Symptom Score (IPSS) for pre- and post-operative 6 months evaluation of their voiding symptoms. The LUTS and sexual function changes were statistically analyzed. The preoperative and 6 months postoperative status of the patients was compared using uroflowmetry and IPSS questionnaires. The analysis revealed significant improvements following HoLEP. Among the sub-domains of the MSHQ, postoperative sexual function, including erection, ejaculation, sexual satisfaction, anxiety or sexual desire, did not significantly change after HoLEP (P > 0.05), whereas satisfaction scores decreased slightly due to retrograde ejaculation in 38 patients (63.3%). Sexual satisfaction improved significantly and was correlated with the improvements of all LUTS and the quality-of-life (QoL) domains in IPSS after surgery (QoL; relative risk [RR]: -0.293; total symptoms, RR: -0.411; P < 0.05). The nocturia score was associated with the erectile function score (odds ratio 0.318, P = 0.029). The change in ejaculatory scores did not show significant association with IPSS scores. HoLEP did not influence overall sexual function, including erectile function. In addition, sexual satisfaction improved in proportion with the improvement of LUTS.
Asian Journal of Andrology 06/2014; · 2.53 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Purpose: A large post-void residual (PVR) has been considered to be an indicator for the need to further management. However, the threshold level of PVR has been not defined. We determined the PVR volume by using bladder voiding efficiency (BVE) that would predict surgical outcomes after GreenLight HPS<sup>TM</sup> laser photoselective vaporization of the prostate (HPS-PVP). Methods: A total of 193 patients underwent HPS-PVP were divided into two groups based on BVE: >75% (group-A) and ≤75% (group-B). BVE was calculated by dividing voided volume by voided volume plus PVR. Surgical outcomes were assessed from the ratio of the IPSS, the difference in Qmax and the difference in the quality of life IPSS subscore (QoL) before surgery and at 3, 12 and 36 months postoperatively. Results: There were significant improvements in all outcome measures after 3, 12, and 36 months; the improvement in Qmax was greater in group-A than group-B at each time point. The IPSS ratio was significantly greater in group-A than group-B at 3 months. There was no difference in QoL between the groups. The linear regression analysis showed that BVE correlated significantly with bladder outlet obstruction index, but not with prostate volume or age. In AUROC analysis, the BVE cut-off value of 75% showed highest sensitivity and specificity for predicting the success of surgical outcomes. Conclusions: Our results suggest that a large PVR may predict a relatively slight improvement in surgical outcomes after HPS-PVP. The cut-off value of PVR in predicting surgical success is 25% or more of residual fraction.
Journal of endourology / Endourological Society 04/2014; · 1.75 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: In the present study, we aimed to identify the incidence of fever in patients after subinguinal microsurgical varicocelectomy and to evaluate the clinical factors associated with the occurrence of the fever.
The world journal of men's health. 04/2014; 32(1):56-60.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Objective
To show the noninferiority of silodosin 8-mg once-daily (QD) to 4-mg twice-daily (BID) in efficacy and safety in patients with lower urinary tract symptoms or benign prostatic hyperplasia in the Korean population.
A prospective, multicenter, double-blind, randomized, comparative study was conducted. A total of 532 male patients aged ≥50 years with lower urinary tract symptoms or benign prostatic hyperplasia were included. All patients received silodosin QD or BID for 12 weeks. The primary end point was the change from baseline in total International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS) at 12 weeks. Adverse drug reactions, vital signs, and laboratory tests were recorded.
A total of 424 patients were randomized to the silodosin QD or BID groups. These groups were not significantly different in baseline characteristics. The mean total IPSS change in QD group was not inferior to that in BID group (−6.70 and −6.94, respectively; 95% confidence interval, −0.88 to 1.36). The QD and BID groups did not significantly differ in the following: percentages of patients with ≥25% (63.41% and 67.82%, respectively; P = .349) or ≥4-point improvement in total IPSS (65.85% and 69.31%, respectively; P = .457), maximum urinary flow rate improvement ≥30% (47.32% and 40.59%, respectively; P = .172), changes in IPSS voiding subscore (−4.42 ± 4.93 and −4.65 ± 4.77; P = .641), IPSS storage subscore (−2.05 ± 3.07 and −2.52 ± 2.97; P = .117), quality of life (−1.19 ± 1.49 and −1.40 ± 1.42; P = .136), maximum urinary flow rate (3.55 ± 5.93 and 3.74 ± 6.79 mL/s; P = .768), International Continence Society male questionnaire score, Patient Goal Achievement Score, or Treatment Satisfaction Question. The 2 groups had similar frequencies of adverse drug reactions.
QD administration of silodosin was not inferior to BID in efficacy. The 2 groups had similar adverse drug reaction profiles.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Background The premature ejaculation diagnostic tool (PEDT) is a brief, multidimensional validated instrument devised for diagnosing premature ejaculation (PE). However, there is insufficient evidence regarding its ability to differentiate subgroups of PE. We assessed the ability of the PEDT to differentiate four subgroups of PE (lifelong, acquired, variable and subjective PE). Methods: An internet-based survey was conducted with a population-based sample of males aged 20-59 years. Participants were asked to complete a questionnaire requesting detailed medical and sexual histories. The questionnaire including questions from the PEDT and from the Medical Outcome Study Short-form 36-Item Health Survey (SF-36). Using the PEDT, PE was defined as a cutoff score of ≥11. Results: In this study, 443 subjects (mean age 39.3±10.1 years) were included. PEDT-PE prevalence was 14.6%. The proportions of PE subgroups and their mean PEDT scores were: lifelong PE, 2.9% and 15.5; acquired PE, 7.0% and 11.2; variable PE, 7.4% and 10.4; subjective PE, 3.2% and 9.0. PEDT scores were significantly higher in the lifelong PE group than in other the subgroups of PE (P<0.001). The subjective PE group had the lowest PEDT score, and their physical and mental component scores for the SF-36 were similar to those of non-PE subjects. Conclusions: This population-based cross-sectional survey has demonstrated that the PEDT is not appropriate for research into four subgroups of PE when used in an general male population study, unless the PEDT is combined with an additional questionnaire with specific questions on the four PE subgroups.
Sexual Health 03/2014; 11(1):73-80. · 1.58 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The Holmium laser enucleation of the prostate (HoLEP) technique to remove residual adenoma has not been reported. Salvage HoLEP enables anatomical enucleation of residual adenoma in patients who have previously undergone surgical treatment. We describe not only anatomical insights into the frequent location of adenoma recurrence, but also the feasibility of the salvage HoLEP technique.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Patients can experience urinary retention (UR) after Holmium laser enucleation of the prostate (HoLEP) that requires bladder distension during the procedure. The aim of this retrospective study is to identify factors affecting the UR after HoLEP.
336 patients, which underwent HoLEP for a symptomatic benign prostatic hyperplasia between July 2008 and March 2012, were included in this study. Urethral catheters were routinely removed one or two days after surgery. UR was defined as the need for an indwelling catheter placement following a failure to void after catheter removal. Demographic and clinical parameters were compared between the UR (n = 37) and the non-urinary retention (non-UR; n = 299) groups.
The mean age of patients was 68.3 (±6.5) years and the mean operative time was 75.3 (±37.4) min. Thirty seven patients (11.0%) experienced a postoperative UR. UR patients voided catheter free an average of 1.9 (±1.7) days after UR. With regard to the causes of UR, 24 (7.1%) and 13 (3.9%) patients experienced a blood clot-related UR and a non-clot related UR respectively. Using multivariate analysis (p<0.05), we found significant differences between the UR and the non-UR groups with regard to a morcellation efficiency (OR 0.701, 95% CI 0.498-0.988) and a bleeding-related complication, such as, a reoperation for bleeding (OR 0.039, 95% CI 0.004-0.383) or a transfusion (OR 0.144, 95% CI 0.027-0.877). Age, history of diabetes, prostate volume, pre-operative post-void residual, bladder contractility index, learning curve, and operative time were not significantly associated with the UR (p>0.05).
De novo UR after HoLEP was found to be self-limited and it was not related to learning curve, patient age, diabetes, or operative time. Efficient morcellation and careful control of bleeding, which reduces clot formation, decrease the risk of UR after HoLEP.
PLoS ONE 01/2014; 9(1):e84938. · 3.53 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Abstract This study compared demographic characteristics and prevalence of cardiovascular comorbidities between men with mild erectile dysfunction (ED) and men with more severe ED. Men with 6-month history of ED and in monogamous heterosexual relationships were included. Non-responders to type 5 phosphodiesterase inhibitors or patients receiving regular treatment with nitrate, anticoagulants, androgens, and anti-androgens were excluded. ED was defined according to the International Index of Erectile Function questionnaire score: no ED (≥26), mild ED (22-25), and others (<22). The review identified 70 patients with mild ED (6.0%, group A) and 1098 patients with more severe ED (94.0%, group B) were included. Of the patients in group B, 365 had mild-to-moderate ED (30.5%), 505 had moderate ED (43.2%), and 233 had severe ED (20.0%). Mean ages and body mass indices showed no differences between groups A and B. Group A had shorter mean duration of ED (p = 0.025). Although patients in group A had milder ED with shorter duration than group B patients, cardiovascular risk factors such as diabetes, hypertension and lipid disorder were still common for group A. The most common comorbidity was diabetes, which was twice as likely for patients in group B. Except for diabetes the prevalence of all diseases was comparable between the two groups. In conclusion, patients with mild ED should be closely evaluated for cardiovascular comorbidities.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Erectile dysfunction (ED) is often perceived by both patients and sexual partners as a serious problem that can jeopardize quality of life, psychosocial or emotional well-being, and the partnership in the long term. Since their introduction, oral phosphodiesterase type 5 inhibitors (PDE5Is) have been found to be highly effective and well tolerated, and are available as the first-line therapy for the treatment of ED. Udenafil is one of the selective PDE5Is made available in recent years for the treatment of ED. Udenafil has clinical properties of both relatively rapid onset and long duration of action due to its pharmacokinetic profile, thereby providing an additional treatment option for ED men to better suit individual needs. There is positive evidence that udenafil is effective and well tolerated in the treatment of ED of a broad spectrum of etiologies or severity. Udenafil is as effective in the treatment of diabetes mellitus-associated ED as other PDE5Is. Due to the clinical property of relatively long duration of action, udenafil may be another option in daily dosing treatment for ED, as suggested by its favorable efficacy and safety profile. Most adverse effects reported from clinical trials are mild or moderate in severity, without any serious adverse event, with headache and flushing being the most common. Also, the concomitant use of anti-hypertensive drugs or alpha-1-blockers does not significantly affect the efficacy and safety profile of udenafil. However, additional studies with larger cohorts including prospective, multicenter, comparative studies with patients of different ethnicities are needed to further validate the favorable findings of udenafil in the treatment of ED.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Although direct-vision internal urethrotomy can be performed for the management of short, bulbar urethral strictures, excision and end-to-end anastomosis remains the best procedure to guarantee a high success rate. We performed a retrospective evaluation of patients who underwent bulbar end-to-end anastomosis to assess the factors affecting surgical outcome.
We reviewed 33 patients with an average age of 55 years who underwent bulbar end-to-end anastomosis. Stricture etiology was blunt perineal trauma (54.6%), iatrogenic (24.2%), idiopathic (12.1%), and infection (9.1%). A total of 21 patients (63.6%) underwent urethrotomy, dilation, or multiple treatments before referral to our center. Clinical outcome was considered a treatment failure when any postoperative instrumentation was needed.
Mean operation time was 151 minutes (range, 100 to 215 minutes) and mean excised stricture length was 1.5 cm (range, 0.8 to 2.3 cm). At a mean follow-up of 42.6 months (range, 8 to 96 months), 29 patients (87.9%) were symptom-free and required no further procedure. Strictures recurred in 4 patients (12.1%) within 5 months after surgery. Of four recurrences, one patient was managed successfully by urethrotomy, whereas the remaining three did not respond to urethrotomy or dilation and required additional urethroplasty. The recurrence rate was significantly higher in the patients with nontraumatic causes (iatrogenic in three, infection in one patient) than in the patients with traumatic etiology.
Excision and end-to-end anastomosis for short, bulbar urethral stricture has an acceptable success rate of 87.9%. However, careful consideration is needed to decide on the surgical procedure if the stricture etiology is nontraumatic.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to identify the risk factors for recatheterization after holmium laser enucleation of the prostate (HoLEP).
A total of 166 consecutive patients treated with HoLEP by a single surgeon from January 2010 to June 2011 were enrolled in this study. We collected data on preoperative and intraoperative parameters, including intraoperative bladder distention volume. The patients were divided into two groups. Group 1 included patients who voided successfully after removal of the catheter, and group 2 included patients who required recatheterization. Analysis and comparison of the perioperative parameters of both groups was performed for identification of risk factors for recatheterization.
Recatheterization was required in 9 of 166 (5.4%) patients. No significant differences in age or preoperative parameters, including prostate-specific antigen, prostate volume, International Prostate Symptom Score, peak flow rate, postvoid residual urine, maximal bladder capacity, and Abrahams Griffiths number, were observed between the two groups. Of the intraoperative parameters, intraoperative bladder distention volume was significantly smaller in group 1 than in group 2 (700.65 mL vs. 897.78 mL, p<0.001). In the multivariate logistic regression analysis, after adjustment for other variables, intraoperative bladder distention volume was found to be a statistically significant risk factor for postoperative recatheterization (hazard ratio, 1.006; confidence interval, 1.002 to 1.010; p=0.002).
Nine of 166 (5.4%) patients failed to void after HoLEP and required catheterization. Intraoperative bladder distention volume was found to be a statistically significant risk factor for recatheterization in this patient group.