Tatsuhiko Sudo

Chiba University, Chiba-shi, Chiba-ken, Japan

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Publications (30)126.1 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Abstract Context: There are few short-term mouse models of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) mimicking the human disease. In addition, p38 is recently recognized as a target for the treatment of COPD. However, the precise mechanism how p38 contributes to the pathogenesis of COPD is still unknown. Objective: We attempted to create a new mouse model for COPD by intra-tracheal administration of a mixture of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and cigarette smoke solution (CSS), and investigated the importance of the p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (p38) pathway in the pathogenesis of COPD. Methods: Mice were administered LPS + CSS once a day on days 0-4 and 7-11. Thereafter, CSS alone was administered to mice once a day on days 14-18. On day 28, histopathological changes of the lung were evaluated, and bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) was subjected to western blot array for cytokines. Transgenic (TG) mice expressing a constitutive-active form of MKK6, a p38-specific activator in the lung, were subjected to our experimental protocol of COPD model. Results: LPS + CSS administration induced enlargement of alveolar air spaces and destruction of lung parenchyma. BALF analyses of the LPS + CSS group revealed an increase in expression levels of several cytokines involved in the pathogenesis of human COPD. These results suggest that our experimental protocol can induce COPD in mice. Likewise, histopathological findings of the lung and induction of cytokines in BALF from MKK6 c.a.-TG mice were more marked than those in WT mice. Conclusion: In a new experimental COPD mouse model, p38 accelerates the development of emphysema.
    Journal of Receptor and Signal Transduction Research 03/2014; · 1.63 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: One of the mitogen-activated protein kinases, p38, has been found to play a crucial role in various inflammatory responses. In this study, we analyzed the roles of p38α in multiple sclerosis, using an animal model, experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE). p38α(+/-) mice (p38α(-/-) showed embryonic lethality) showed less severe neurological signs than WT mice. Adoptive transfer of lymph node cells (LNC) from sensitized WT mice with MOG(35-55) to naive WT-induced EAE was much more severe compared with the case using LNC from sensitized p38α(+/-) mice. Comprehensive analysis of cytokines from MOG(35-55)-challenged LNC by Western blot array revealed that production of IL-17 was significantly reduced by a single copy disruption of the p38α gene or a p38 inhibitor. Likewise, by a luciferase reporter assay, an electrophoresis mobility shift assay, and characterization of the relationship between p38 activity and IL-17 mRNA expression, we confirmed that p38 positively regulates transcription of the Il17 gene. Furthermore, oral administration of a highly specific p38α inhibitor (UR-5269) to WT mice at the onset of EAE markedly suppressed the progression of EAE compared with a vehicle group. These results suggest that p38α participates in the pathogenesis of EAE through IL-17 induction.
    Journal of Biological Chemistry 05/2012; 287(29):24228-38. · 4.65 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The p38 mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase is the central signaling molecule regulating the cellular response to a multitude of external stimuli. Thus, inhibitors of this enzyme are postulated to have significant therapeutic potential for the treatment of some diseases, especially where aberrant cytokine signaling is the driver of disease. Here we established a simple inhibitor screening method for a human protein by using bacteria in combination with the growth recovery as an index. The screening successfully identified benzyl coumarin derivatives as p38 inhibitors. These compounds not only rescue growth retardation of p38-transformed bacteria but also inhibit p38 activity in vitro and in human cells. This study demonstrates that this is a promising and economical inhibitor screening method not only for p38 but also for other proteins.
    Analytical Biochemistry 03/2009; 388(1):128-33. · 2.58 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) is a member of the serine/threonine kinases and is activated in response to stress stimuli, such as cytokines, ultraviolet irradiation, heat shock, and osmotic shock. We revealed in a previous report that p62/SQSTM1, known to participate in proteasomal or autophagosomal protein degradation and cytokine receptor signal transduction pathways, binds to p38 to regulate specifically. Herein, we describe the improvement of the photoaffinity-thiol linker of our SPR imaging platform, which enabled us to determine the binding site of p62 to p38. SPR imaging experiments using a new photoaffinity linker 2 to immobilize the peptides derived from p62 on gold substrate indicate that the domain comprising amino acids 164-190 of p62 binds to p38 directly. These SPR analysis data and empirical biologic data reveal that the binding site of p62 to p38 is the domain corresponding to 173-182.
    Chemistry - An Asian Journal 09/2008; 3(8-9):1607-12. · 4.57 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A change in the protein level of RCAN1 (DSCR1/MCIP/Adapt78/CSP1) has been implicated in oxidative stress-induced cell death in neurons and in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease. The pathogenic processes in neurodegenerative diseases are closely related to oxidative stress and the ubiquitin proteasome system (UPS). Therefore, we investigated whether oxidative stress induces a change in the protein level of RCAN1 through the UPS. H2O2 induced ubiquitination of RCAN1 at the same concentrations as those causing a decrease in RCAN1 in HEK293T cells. beta-TrCP, the F-box protein component of SCF ubiquitin ligase, interacted with RCAN1 in response to H2O2 stimulation. Although FBW4, another F-box protein, interacted with RCAN1, its interaction was independent of H2O2 stimulation. In vitro ubiquitination assay showed that SCFbeta-TrCP but not SCFFBW4 increased ubiquitination of RCAN1, dependent on H2O2 stimulation. In addition, knockdown of beta-TrCP by siRNA abolished the H2O2-induced decrease in RCAN1 in HEK293T cells. We further examined whether RCAN1 undergoes ubiquitination by H2O2 in primary neurons, similarly to that in HEK293T cells. An H2O2-induced decrease in RCAN1 was exhibited also in hippocampal and cortical neurons. Ubiquitination of RCAN1 was induced by 500 muM H2O2, the concentration at which H2O2 induced a decrease in RCAN1 in primary neurons. These results suggest that H2O2 induces SCF beta-TrCP-mediated ubiquitination of RCAN1, leading to a decrease in the protein level of RCAN1.
    International Journal of Molecular Medicine 08/2008; 22(1):95-104. · 1.96 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We have previously shown that p62/SQSTM1 binds to p38. In this study, we identified two association domains of p62 to p38 by conducting co-immunoprecipitation experiments. One domain comprises the amino acids 173-182, named N-terminal p38 interaction (NPI) domain, and the other domain comprises the amino acids 335-344, named C-terminal p38 interaction (CPI) domain. An aspartic acid tripeptide located at 335-337 was required for their association. However, the direct interaction was only observed between the recombinant p38 and the peptide of the NPI domain, but not that of the CPI domain in the surface plasmon resonance analyses. These results suggest that the CPI domain may serve to form a certain conformation suitable for the association with p38. Furthermore, we showed that knockdown of p62 expression by siRNA led to impaired p38 phosphorylation only when HeLa cells were stimulated by cytokine. The critical role of p62 in cytokine-dependent p38 signalling pathway was further confirmed by measuring IL-8 mRNA. Cytokine mRNA is often stabilized via p38 pathway. In the absence of p62, IL-8 mRNA induced by IL-1beta became more fragile. These data show that p62 specifically regulates cytokine-dependent p38 signalling pathway.
    Journal of Biochemistry 07/2008; 143(6):765-72. · 2.72 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The members of the transcription factor Foxo family regulate the expression of genes concerned with the stress response, cell cycle and gluconeogenesis. Foxo1 (FKHR) contains 15 consensus phosphorylation sites for the mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) family. Therefore, we hypothesized that MAPKs could directly regulate the transcriptional activity of Foxo1 via phosphorylation. In vitro kinase assay showed that Foxo1 was phosphorylated by extracellular signal-regulated kinase (Erk) and p38 MAPK (p38) but not by c-jun NH2-terminal kinase (JNK). In NIH3T3 cells, epidermal growth factor or anisomycin increased phosphorylation of exogenous Foxo1, which was significantly inhibited by pretreatment with an MEK 1 inhibitor, PD98059, or a p38 inhibitor, SB203580. Two-dimensional phosphopeptide mapping using mutation of phosphorylation sites for MAPK revealed that the nine serine residues in Foxo1 are specifically phosphorylated by Erk and that five of the nine residues are phosphorylated by p38 in vivo. Moreover, we also found that Foxo1 interacts with Ets-1 and functions as a coactivator for Ets-1 on the fetal liver kinase (Flk)-1 promoter in bovine carotid artery endothelial cells. Mutation of the nine phosphorylation sites for Erk in Foxo1 was shown to lead to less binding and synergistic activity for Ets-1 on the Flk-1 promoter when compared with wild-type Foxo1. These results suggest that Foxo1 is specifically phosphorylated by Erk and p38, and that this phosphorylation regulates the function of Foxo1 as a coactivator for Ets-1.
    Cellular Signalling 04/2007; 19(3):519-27. · 4.30 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We investigated how p38alpha mitogen-activated protein kinase (p38) is related to kainate-induced epilepsy and neuronal damages, by using the mice with a single copy disruption of the p38 alpha gene (p38alpha(+/-)). Mortality rate and seizure score of p38alpha(+/-) mice administered with kainate were significantly reduced compared with the case of wild-type (WT) mice. This was clearly supported by the electroencephalography data in which kainate-induced seizure duration and frequency in the brain of p38alpha(+/-) mice were significantly suppressed compared to those of WT mice. As a consequence of seizure, kainate induced delayed neuronal damages in parallel with astrocytic growth in the hippocampus and ectopic innervation of the mossy fibers into the stratum oriens in the CA3 region of hippocampus in WT mice, whose changes were moderate in p38alpha(+/-) mice. Likewise, kainate-induced phosphorylation of calcium/calmodulin-dependent kinase II in the hippocampus of p38alpha (+/-) mice was significantly decreased compared to that of WT mice. These results suggest that p38alpha signaling pathway plays an important role in epileptic seizure and excitotoxicity.
    Journal of Receptor and Signal Transduction Research 02/2007; 27(2-3):99-111. · 1.63 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To study the role of p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (p38) activity during the process of metastasis, p38alpha(+/-) mice were subjected to an in vivo metastasis assay. The number of lung colonies of tumor cells intravenously injected in p38alpha(+/-) mice was markedly decreased compared with that in wild-type (WT) mice. On the other hand, the time-dependent increase in tumor volume after subcutaneous tumor cells transplantation was comparable between WT and p38alpha(+/-) mice. Platelets of p38alpha(+/-) mice were poorly bound to tumor cells in vitro and in vivo compared with those of WT mice. E- and P-selectin mRNAs were markedly induced in the lung after intravenous injection of tumor cells. However, the induction of these selectin mRNAs in p38alpha(+/-) mice was weaker than that in WT mice. Furthermore, the resting expression levels of E-selectin in lung endothelial cells and P-selectin in platelets of p38alpha(+/-) mice were suppressed compared with those of WT mice. The number of tumor cells attached on lung endothelial cells of p38alpha(+/-) mice was significantly reduced compared with that of WT mice. The transmigrating activity of tumor cells through lung endothelial cells of p38alpha(+/-) mice was similar to that of WT mice. These results suggest that p38alpha plays an important role in extravasation of tumor cells, possibly through regulating the formation of tumor-platelet aggregates and their interaction with the endothelium involved in a step of hematogenous metastasis.
    Journal of Biological Chemistry 01/2007; 281(48):36767-75. · 4.65 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: One of three major families of the mitogen-activated kinases (MAPK), p38 as well as JNK, has been shown to transduce extracellular stress stimuli into cellular responses by phospho-relay cascades. Among p38 families, p38alpha is a widely characterized isoform and the biological phenomena are explained by its kinase activity regulating functions of its downstream substrates. However, its specific contributions to each phenomenon are yet not fully elucidated. For better understanding of the role of MAPKs, especially p38alpha, we utilized newly established mouse fibroblast cell lines originated from a p38alpha null mouse, namely, a parental cell line without p38alpha gene locus, knockout of p38alpha (KOP), Zeosin-resistant (ZKOP), revertant of p38alpha (RKOP), and Exip revertant (EKOP). EKOP is smaller in size but grows faster than the others. Although comparable amounts of ERK and JNK are expressed in each cell line, ERK is highly phosphorylated in EKOP even in normal culture conditions. Serum stimulation after serum starvation led to ERK phosphorylation in RKOP and ZKOP, but not in EKOP as much. On the contrary, relative phosphorylation level of JNK to total JNK in response to UV was low in RKOP. And its phosphorylation as well as total JNK is slightly lower in EKOP. RKOP is less sensitive to UV irradiation as judged by the survival rate. Stress response upon UV or sorbitol stimuli, leading to mitogen activate protein kinase activated kinase 2 (MAPKAPK2) phosphorylation, was only observed in RKOP. Further experiments reveal that MAPKAPK2 expression is largely suppressed in ZKOP and EKOP. Its expression was recovered by re-introduction of p38alpha. The loss of MAPKAPK2 expression accompanied by the defect of p38alpha is confirmed in an embryonic extract prepared from p38alpha null mice. These data demonstrate that p38 signal pathway is regulated not only by phosphorylation but also by modulation of the expression of its component. Together, we have established cell lines that can be used in analyzing the functions of MAPKs, especially p38alpha, and show that p38 is indispensable for MAPKAPK2 expression.
    Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 12/2005; 337(2):415-21. · 2.41 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The molecular mechanism for the transition from cardiac hypertrophy, an adaptive response to biomechanical stress, to heart failure is poorly understood. The mitogen-activated protein kinase p38alpha is a key component of stress response pathways in various types of cells. In this study, we attempted to explore the in vivo physiological functions of p38alpha in hearts. First, we generated mice with floxed p38alpha alleles and crossbred them with mice expressing the Cre recombinase under the control of the alpha-myosin heavy-chain promoter to obtain cardiac-specific p38alpha knockout mice. These cardiac-specific p38alpha knockout mice were born normally, developed to adulthood, were fertile, exhibited a normal life span, and displayed normal global cardiac structure and function. In response to pressure overload to the left ventricle, they developed significant levels of cardiac hypertrophy, as seen in controls, but also developed cardiac dysfunction and heart dilatation. This abnormal response to pressure overload was accompanied by massive cardiac fibrosis and the appearance of apoptotic cardiomyocytes. These results demonstrate that p38alpha plays a critical role in the cardiomyocyte survival pathway in response to pressure overload, while cardiac hypertrophic growth is unaffected despite its dramatic down-regulation.
    Molecular and Cellular Biology 01/2005; 24(24):10611-20. · 5.37 Impact Factor
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    Yuki Yagasaki, Tatsuhiko Sudo, Hiroyuki Osada
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    ABSTRACT: The members of the p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase, especially specific inhibitors such as SB203580 sensitive isoforms, have been shown to play important roles in immune responses as well as in many biological events. In the course of our study to understand how p38 can be responsible for numerous biological phenomena, we have recently identified Exip, an alternative splicing variant of p38alpha. Exip retains amino acids responsible for the sensitivity to SB203580. Exip may also be involved in the intracellular signal transduction pathway different from those of conventional p38s. Though Exip is less abundant, it may play a critical role under certain circumstances. Here we report that Exip, but not p38alpha, binds to Toll interacting protein which is involved in interleukin-1 (IL-1) signaling pathway as a component of the receptor proximal complex and impaired NF-kappaB activity. Moreover, Exip binds to another component of the complex, IL-1 associating kinase. Exogenous-expression of Exip resulted in downregulation of NF-kappaB activities both in HeLa and HEK293T cells. Together, these results demonstrate that Exip can be a new component of NF-kappaB pathway, and contribute to a comprehensive understanding of the signal transduction pathway in the inflammatory responses.
    FEBS Letters 10/2004; 575(1-3):136-40. · 3.58 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-alpha (PPAR-alpha) is a lipid-activated nuclear receptor that negatively regulates the vascular inflammatory gene response by interacting with transcription factors, nuclear factor-kappaB, and AP-1. However, the roles of PPAR-alpha activators in endothelin (ET)-1-induced cardiac hypertrophy are not yet known. First, in cultured neonatal rat cardiomyocytes, a PPAR-alpha activator, fenofibrate (10 micromol/L), and PPAR-alpha overexpression markedly inhibited the ET-1-induced increase in protein synthesis. Second, fenofibrate markedly inhibited ET-1-induced increase in c-Jun gene expression and phosphorylation of c-Jun and JNK. These results suggest that this PPAR-alpha activator interferes with the formation and activation of AP-1 protein induced by ET-1 in cardiomyocytes. Third, fenofibrate significantly inhibited the increase of ET-1 mRNA level by ET-1, which was also confirmed by luciferase assay. Electrophoretic mobility shift assay revealed that fenofibrate significantly decreased the ET-1-stimulated or phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate-stimulated AP-1 DNA binding activity, and the nuclear extract probe complex was supershifted by anti-c-Jun antibody. Fourth, 24 hours after aortic banding (AB) operation, fenofibrate treatment significantly inhibited left ventricular hypertrophy and hypertrophy-related gene expression pattern (ET-1, brain natriuretic peptide, and beta-myosin heavy chain mRNA) in AB rats. These results suggest that PPAR-alpha activation interferes with the signaling pathway of ET-1-induced cardiac hypertrophy through negative regulation of AP-1 binding activity, partly via inhibition of the JNK pathway in cultured cardiomyocytes. We also revealed that fenofibrate treatment inhibited left ventricle hypertrophy and phenotypic changes in cardiac gene expression in AB rats in vivo.
    Circulation 03/2004; 109(7):904-10. · 15.20 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The present study was designed to elucidate the role of p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (p38) in thrombus formation. We used p38alpha heterozygous (p38alpha+/-) mice and used ferric chloride (FeCl3)-induced carotid artery injury as a model of thrombus formation. The time to thrombotic occlusion induced by FeCl3 in p38alpha+/- mice was prolonged compared to that in wild-type (WT) mice. Platelets prepared from p38alpha+/- mice showed impairment of the aggregatory response to a low concentration of U46619, a thromboxane A2 analogue. Furthermore, platelets prepared from p38alpha+/- mice and activated by U46619 were poorly bound to fibrinogen compared with those from WT mice. Both the expression and activity of tissue factor induced by FeCl3 in WT mice were higher than those in p38alpha+/- mice. These results suggest that p38 plays an important role in thrombus formation by regulating platelet function and tissue factor activity.
    Journal of Receptor and Signal Transduction Research 02/2004; 24(4):283-96. · 1.63 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Abstract p38MAP kinase (p38) is activated by hypertonicity and has been implicated to play a pivotal role in the renal system in survival under hypertonic conditions, both in vitro and in vivo. Although there are many aspects of the molecular events via the p38 pathway, its contribution to renal physiology and pathophysiology remains unclear. To elucidate the physiological relevance of p38 in renal function, we performed histochemical and biochemical characterization of p38α+/− mice. Although p38α+/− mice appeared normal, they showed 24% higher water intake (P < 0.05) and 16% higher kidney weight to total body weight ratio (P < 0.01) at 21 weeks of age. Histological examination of the kidney showed abnormalities such as dilation of proximal convoluted tubules, vacuolar degeneration, focal interstitial fibrosis, and inflammation and enlargement of Bowman's capsule with advancing age. Taken together, these results suggest that p38α plays an important role in the structural and functional maintenance of the normal kidney and its insufficiency causes renal abnormalities.
    07/2003; 23(2-3):173-183.
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    ABSTRACT: The p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (p38) is activated in the heart during ischemia-reperfusion. However, it is not clear whether the activation of p38 is the protective response or the kinase mediates the cellular damage by ischemia-reperfusion. We examined the role of p38alpha in ischemia-reperfusion injury by studying p38alpha(+/-) mice. The p38alpha protein level in the p38alpha(+/-) heart was 50+/-8.7% compared with that in the p38alpha(+/+) heart. Upon reperfusion following ischemia for 25min, p38alpha activity was transiently increased. The maximum level of p38 activity in p38alpha(+/-) was 60+/-10.5% compared with that in p38alpha(+/+). In the p38alpha(+/+) heart, 25min ischemia and 2h reperfusion resulted in necrotic injury (37.1+/-2.7% of the area at risk), whereas infarct size was drastically reduced to 7.2+/-0.7% in the p38alpha(+/-) heart. These suggested that p38alpha plays a pivotal role in the signal transduction pathway mediating myocardial cell death caused by ischemia-reperfusion.
    Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 03/2003; 302(1):56-60. · 2.41 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: p38MAP kinase (p38) is activated by hypertonicity and has been implicated to play a pivotal role in the renal system in survival under hypertonic conditions, both in vitro and in vivo. Although there are many aspects of the molecular events via the p38 pathway, its contribution to renal physiology and pathophysiology remains unclear. To elucidate the physiological relevance of p38 in renal function, we performed histochemical and biochemical characterization of p38alpha+/- mice. Although p38alpha+/- mice appeared normal, they showed 24% higher water intake (P < 0.05) and 16% higher kidney weight to total body weight ratio (P < 0.01) at 21 weeks of age. Histological examination of the kidney showed abnormalities such as dilation of proximal convoluted tubules, vacuolar degeneration, focal interstitial fibrosis, and inflammation and enlargement of Bowman's capsule with advancing age. Taken together, these results suggest that p38alpha plays an important role in the structural and functional maintenance of the normal kidney and its insufficiency causes renal abnormalities.
    Journal of Receptor and Signal Transduction Research 02/2003; 23(2-3):173-83. · 1.63 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The present study was designed to elucidate the role of p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (p38) in the pathogenesis of inflammation, using a mouse contact hypersensitivity (CHS) model induced by 2,4-dinitro-1-fluorobenzene (DNFB). Ear swelling was induced by challenge with DNFB, accompanied by infiltration of mononuclear cells, neutrophils, and eosinophils and a marked increase in mRNA levels of cytokines such as interleukin (IL)-2, interferon (IFN)-gamma, IL-4, IL-5, IL-1beta, IL-18, and tumor necrosis factor-alpha in the challenged ear skin. Both ear swelling and the number of infiltrated cells in DNFB-challenged ear skin were significantly inhibited by treatment with SB202190, a p38 inhibitor. Furthermore, the DNFB-induced expression of all cytokines except IL-4 was significantly inhibited by treatment with SB202190. Ribonuclease protection assay revealed that the mRNA levels of chemokines such as IP-10 and MCP-1 in ear skin were markedly increased at 24 h after challenge with DNFB. The induction of these chemokines was significantly inhibited by treatment with SB202190. In p38alpha +/- mice, both ear swelling and infiltration of cells induced by DNFB were reduced compared with those in wild-type mice. However, induction of cytokines by DNFB was also observed in p38alpha +/- mice, although the induction of IFN-gamma, IL-5, and IL-18 was typically reduced compared with that in wild-type mice. Challenge with DNFB slightly induced IP-10 and MCP-1 mRNA in p38alpha +/- mice, with weaker signals than those in SB202190-treated wild-type mice. These results suggest that p38 plays a key role in CHS and is an important target for the treatment of CHS.
    Journal of Biological Chemistry 11/2002; 277(40):37896-903. · 4.65 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: One of the major families of the mitogen-activated kinases (MAPK), p38, has been shown to transduce extracellular stress stimuli into cellular responses. Among them, p38 alpha is the best characterized isoform and many biological phenomena, especially in the inflammatory responses, were attributed to the specific inhibitor-sensitive isoforms, namely p38 alpha and p38 beta. However, the roles played by each member are still unclear. Here, we report the identification of a new splice variant of p38 alpha, Exip (for exon skip), by RT-PCR using mRNA derived from a renal tumor cell line, OS-RC-2. Exip is predicted to encode a 307-amino-acid protein and the absence of exons 10, 11, and 11' results in the shift of the reading frame at the exon 9-12 junction to produce a unique 53-amino-acid C-terminus. The expression of mRNA was barely observed in cultured cells tested, but substantial amounts of mRNA were detected in mouse tissues. Unlike p38 alpha, Exip lost a common docking domain well conserved in major MAPK families for their specific interactions with upstream kinases or downstream substrates. Even though Exip is not phosphorylated at conserved TGY motif by p38-activating treatments, such as an osmotic shock or coexpression with a constitutive active form of MKK6 in HeLa cells, Exip can induce an earlier onset of apoptosis in HeLa cells. These results indicate that Exip has unique properties as a member of p38 alpha and may play role(s) in the signal transduction pathway(s) different from those of p38 alpha.
    Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 04/2002; 291(4):838-43. · 2.41 Impact Factor
  • Tatsuhiko Sudo, Masumi Maruyama, Hiroyuki Osada
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    ABSTRACT: p38 mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) from one of three major families of MAPKs and play various roles in converting extracellular stimuli into cellular responses. In the past years, extensive and intensive studies highlighted their roles in the stress responses, such as osmotic shock, UV irradiation and inflammatory cytokines. Recent genetic studies reveal their additional functions in development. This review aims to provide an overview of their functions update for better understandings of physiological and developmental roles of p38(s) and for the future development of therapeutic reagents controlling p38 signal transduction pathways.
    Progress in Biotechnology. 01/2002;

Publication Stats

826 Citations
43 Downloads
2k Views
126.10 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2002–2012
    • Chiba University
      • Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Pharmacology
      Chiba-shi, Chiba-ken, Japan
  • 2001–2008
    • RIKEN
      • • Chemical Biology Team
      • • Antibiotics Laboratory
      Wako, Saitama-ken, Japan
  • 1996
    • Toyo University
      Tōkyō, Japan