Caroline Van Droogenbroeck

Ghent University, Gent, VLG, Belgium

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Publications (8)20.8 Total impact

  • C Van Droogenbroeck, D Vanrompay
    The Veterinary record. 12/2012;
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    ABSTRACT: Human psittacosis is a zoonotic infectious disease, which is caused by the obligate intracellular bacterium Chlamydia psittaci. Transmission of the disease usually originates from close contact with infected birds, most frequently in the con-text of the poultry industry, and from contact with Psittaci-formes (cockatoos, parrots, parakeets, and lories). The zoono-tic nature of the bacterium makes it a threat to people in close contact with birds, such as veterinarians, farmers, employees of abattoirs, taxidermists, and pet (shop)keepers, but also to laboratory workers. The current article presents guidelines for appropriate laboratory containment of C. psittaci to prevent zoonotic transmission to humans in a laboratory environment.
    Applied Biosafety. 01/2012; 17(2):85-88.
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    ABSTRACT: Respiratory pathogens are difficult to control in large-scale turkey production. This report describes a clinical trial of antimicrobial ovoTF aerosol on a large Belgian turkey farm. ovoTF was administered to reduce Chlamydia psittaci (C. psittaci) infections and to study the impact of this action on the occurrence of Ornithobacterium rhinotracheale (O. rhinotracheale) and avian metapneumovirus (aMPV) infections. Two subsequent broods were included; (i) a control brood receiving no ovoTF and (ii) an ovoTF brood receiving ovoTF aerosol (5mg/animal) at the age of 2 weeks, continuing daily for 12 days. Twenty-four one-day-old toms of the control and ovoTF brood were tagged and monitored for 15 weeks. The control brood experienced two periods of respiratory disease, the first (2-3 weeks of age) due to C. psittaci and the second (8-17 weeks of age) in the presence of C. psittaci, O. rhinotracheale and maybe aMPV. Extensive antibiotic treatment was needed in 2, 8 and 9 week-old toms. In the ovoTF brood, toms stayed healthy until the age of 9 weeks, whereafter respiratory disease occurred in the presence of C. psittaci, O rhinotracheale and aMPV. OvoTF administration: (i) reduced the amount of C. psittaci in the air as demonstrated by bioaerosol monitoring, (ii) prevented respiratory disease during the first half of the brood period, (iii) was associated with 46% reduction of mortality, and (iv) reduced the antibiotic cost. Our results justify additional clinical trials to explore the use of this innovative antimicrobial strategy for poultry.
    Veterinary Microbiology 05/2011; 153(3-4):257-63. · 3.13 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Two groups of five 1-day-old conventional turkeys were housed in negative pressure stables to become experimentally infected with Avian Metapneumovirus (aMPV) and Ornithobacterium rhinotracheale (ORT) at the age of 3 weeks. However, during the first 2 weeks, turkeys started to show respiratory disease characterized by rhinitis and dyspnoea. Routine bacterial and viral diagnoses remained negative. Therefore, pharyngeal swabs from the turkeys and from the veterinary scientist handling the animals were examined for the presence of Chlamydophila (C.) psittaci by using a combination of cell culture, nested PCR and ompA genotype-specific quantitative real-time PCR, as well as by serology. Results revealed simultaneous transmission of C. psittaci outer membrane protein A (ompA) genotypes D, F and E/B from infected turkeys to the veterinary scientist.
    Veterinary Microbiology 10/2008; 135(1-2):78-81. · 3.13 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Chlamydophila (C.) psittaci, a category B bioterrorism agent, causes respiratory disease in birds and psittacosis or parrot fever in man. The disease spreads aerogenically and no vaccines are available for either birds or man. Highly sensitive C. psittaci bioaerosol monitoring methods are unavailable. We evaluated: (1) dry filtration for collecting C. psittaci from contaminated air using different samplers and membrane filters, (2) impingement into different liquid collection media by use of the AGI-30 impinger and the BioSampler and (3) impaction into newly designed C. psittaci media utilizing the MAS-100 aerosol impactor. For personal bioaerosol sampling, we recommend the use of a gelatin filter in combination with the IOM inhalable dust sampler at an airflow rate of 2L/min. This allowed the detection of 10 organisms of C. psittaci by both PCR and culture. For stationary bioaerosol monitoring, sampling 1000L of air in 10min with the MAS-100 impactor and ChlamyTrap 1 impaction medium was most efficient and made it possible to detect 1 and 10 C. psittaci organisms by PCR and culture, respectively. ChlamyTrap 1 in combination with the MAS-100 impactor might also be applicable for bioaerosol monitoring of viruses.
    Veterinary Microbiology 10/2008; 135(1-2):31-7. · 3.13 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Chlamydophila (C.) psittaci infections are highly prevalent in turkeys and the economical and public health importance of these infections has been recognized since 1950. As there are no vaccines, antibiotic treatment (tetracylines, enrofloxacine) is often needed to allow marketing of poultry. In this study, we explored the use of ovotransferrin (ovoTF), a natural anti-microbial protein, in preventing an experimental C. psittaci infection in specific pathogen free (SPF) turkeys. Turkeys were treated with aerosolized ovoTF prior to the infection. Groups 1 and 2 received a single dose of 10 and 5 mg ovoTF per turkey, respectively. Group 3 received a daily dose of 5mg ovoTF per turkey during 12 days. Group 4 served as untreated, infected control group. Turkeys were aerosol infected using 10(6) TCID(50) of the virulent C. psittaci serovar/genotype D strain 92/1293. Birds were monitored (clinical signs, bacterial excretion) during 12 subsequent days before being necropsied. At necropsy, pathology and C. psittaci replication in various tissues was examined. A single dose of 10mg ovoTF and a repeated daily dose of 5mg ovoTF could not prevent the birds from becoming infected with C. psittaci, but they significantly reduced the outcome of the infection. A single dose of 5mg ovoTF had no influence on the outcome of the infection as compared to the non-treated infected controls. Our results demonstrate the anti-chlamydial effect of ovoTF in vivo and present a base for further research on practical applications of ovoTF on turkey farms.
    Veterinary Microbiology 08/2008; 132(3-4):372-8. · 3.13 Impact Factor
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    Taher Harkinezhad, Kristel Verminnen, Caroline Van Droogenbroeck, Daisy Vanrompay
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    ABSTRACT: Thirty-six birds from a parrot relief and breeding centre, as well as the manager, were examined for the presence of Chlamydophila psittaci. In the relief unit, 5 of 20 African grey parrots showed depression, ruffled feathers, loss of weight and mild dyspnoea. The birds received no antibiotic treatment. Birds of the breeding unit, 14 blue and gold macaws and 2 green-winged macaws, were healthy. They received doxycycline at the start of each breeding season. The manager complained of shortness of breath but took no medication. Using a nested PCR enzyme immunoassay (EIA), Cp. psittaci was detected in the faeces of all five sick birds, as well as in a nasal and pharyngeal swab from the manager. The veterinarian and her assistant became infected while sampling the parrots, as pharyngeal and nasal swabs from both were positive by nested PCR/EIA after visiting the parrot relief and breeding centre, but they showed no clinical signs of infection. Bacteria could be isolated from three of five nested PCR/EIA-positive birds, the manager and the veterinarian, but not from the veterinary assistant. Using an ompA genotype-specific real-time PCR, Cp. psittaci genotype E/B was identified as the transmitted strain. All breeding birds tested negative for Cp. psittaci. This is believed to be the first report on Cp. psittaci genotype E/B transmission from parrots to humans. In contradiction to genotype A strains, which are thought to be highly virulent to both birds and men, the currently described genotype E/B strain apparently caused no severe clinical symptoms in either parrots or humans.
    Journal of Medical Microbiology 09/2007; 56(Pt 8):1097-100. · 2.30 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We studied zoonotic transmission of Chlamydophila psittaci in 39 breeding facilities for Psittaciformes (cockatoos, parrots, parakeets, lories) that frequently used antimicrobial drugs. Genotypes A or E/B were detected in 14.9% of humans at these facilities. Information on antimicrobial drug use in Psittaciformes and a C. psittaci vaccine are urgently required.
    Emerging infectious diseases 08/2007; 13(7):1108-10. · 5.99 Impact Factor