Yutaro Egashira

Osaka Medical College, Takatuki, Ōsaka, Japan

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Publications (40)81.69 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: The appropriateness of endoscopic resection in patients with T1 colorectal carcinomas is unclear. Highly precise predictors of lymph node metastasis are required to optimize the outcomes of treatments for T1 colorectal carcinomas.
    Diseases of the Colon & Rectum 08/2014; 57(8):905-915. · 3.34 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: There are currently no universally accepted indications and criteria for additional gastrectomy after endoscopic resection of submucosally invasive cancer. The purpose of the present study was to establish accurate indications and criteria for such additional gastrectomy on the basis of lymph node metastasis risk. METHODS: We investigated 130 submucosally invasive gastric cancers and analyzed the pathological risk factors for lymph node metastasis. The tumors were evaluated for pathological factors in the area of invasion, and factors were compared between the cases with lymph node metastasis and those without. RESULTS: Univariate logistic regression analysis showed that tumor minor axis length, depth of invasion, histological classification of the area of submucosal invasion, absence of lymphoid infiltration, ulceration or scar in the lesion, and lymphatic and venous invasion are statistically significant risk factors for lymph node metastasis. Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that the absence of lymphoid infiltration and the presence of lymphatic invasion are statistically significant as risk factors for lymph node metastasis. CONCLUSIONS: We present a scoring system on the basis of the pathological criteria tested in this study. Our findings enable more accurate identification of patients who should undergo additional gastrectomy after endoscopic resection.
    Gastric Cancer 11/2012; · 3.99 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The prognostic factor(s) of carcinoma of the ampulla of Vater were analyzed retrospectively and the significance of lymphadenectomy around the superior mesenteric artery and para-aortic region on the clinical outcome was evaluated. From 1985 to 2008, 34 carcinomas of the ampulla of Vater patients who underwent pancreaticoduodenectomy with curative intent were analyzed with respect to tumor extent, operation method and prognosis. Overall 5-year survival was 52.6%. On multivariate analysis, lymph node metastasis, pancreatic invasion, venous invasion, perineural invasion and lymphadenectomy around the superior mesenteric artery were the significant prognostic factors. However, the dissection of para-aortic lymph nodes had no substantial survival benefit. Compared with the duodenal cancer, the prognosis for carcinoma of the ampulla of Vater was significantly worse although no differences in clinicopathological characteristics of patients were observed. Lymph node metastasis, pancreatic invasion, venous invasion, perineural invasion, and lymphadenectomy around the superior mesenteric artery are important prognostic factors. Pylorus-preserving pancreaticoduodenectomy, with lymphadenectomy around the superior mesenteric artery without dissection of para-aortic lymph nodes is recommended as optimal surgery. Though the treatment results were worse than that of duodenal cancer, curative operation should be performed, regardless of site of origin.
    Hepato-gastroenterology 07/2012; 59(117):1573-6. · 0.77 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Collagenous colitis (CC) is a well-known cause of chronic non-bloody diarrhea, especially in elderly women. CC is characterized histopathologically by an increase in the thickness of the subepithelial collagen layer to at least 10 μm, epithelial damage, and chronic inflammation of the lamina propria. Generally, the colonic mucosa in CC is macroscopically normal, although minor, non-specific abnormalities may be found. Due to the recent advancement of endoscopic and diagnostic technologies, however, microscopic mucosal abnormalities and specific longitudinal linear lacerations of the mucosa characteristic of CC have been identified. The association of CC with non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and proton pump inhibitors has also been reported. Since definitive diagnosis of CC has to rely on pathologically documented collagen bands and mononuclear infiltration, the efficiency and precision of colonic biopsy need to be improved. Of the 29 CC patients that we have encountered at our institution, it was in 15 of 29 cases that the endoscopic finding that we performed a biopsy on was apparent. Our comparison of the endoscopic and histopathological findings of CC in the 15 patients showed that the mucosa frequently appeared coarse and nodular on the surface of the mucosa, which was also significantly thicker in collagen bands, demonstrating a strong correlation between collagen band formation and CC. Also, the coarse and nodular surface of the mucosa was most frequently seen affecting the proximal colon. The results suggest that endoscopic observation and biopsy of the proximal colon, where a coarse and nodular surface of the mucosa is often found, may be useful for confirmation of the diagnosis in patients with suspected CC.
    Digestion 01/2012; 85(2):136-40. · 1.94 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Yersinia enterocolitica (YE) infection is a rare cause of intestinal intussusception, especially in adults. We herein, report a case of adult intussusception due to YE enterocolitis. A 24-year-old woman was admitted because of severe abdominal pain. She was clinically diagnosed with ileocolic intussusception on the basis of the findings of computed tomography (CT) and a gastrografin enema. Manual surgical reduction was sufficient to alleviate the intussusception. A histological examination of the lymph nodes around the ileocecum excluded lymphoma. Serological testing revealed that the cause of the intussusception was a YE infection. The patient's postoperative course was good and no recurrence was seen during the follow-up.
    Internal Medicine 01/2012; 51(18):2545-9. · 0.97 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: "Japanese clinical guidelines for autoimmune pancreatitis" advised to carefully differentiate between two conditions: autoimmune pancreatitis (AIP) and associated sclerosing cholangitis (SC), and pancreatobiliary malignancy. We report a series of three cases for which differential diagnosis of pancreatobiliary carcinoma from AIP and associated SC was crucial. Three patients presented with biliary stenosis secondary to pancreatic swelling or mass lesion, followed by further examinations: Case 1 was first diagnosed as having tumor-forming pancreatitis associated with AIP but eventually proven to be pancreatic head carcinoma; case 2 was operated for suspected bile duct cancer combined with AIP and associated cholangitis, and early cancer was found in the resected specimen; case 3 was operated on for presumed cholangiocarcinoma combined with AIP-associated SC, but no malignancy was found. Current series of cases would raise an alert on diagnosis of AIP and associated SC, and pancreatobiliary malignancy should be carefully excluded by any means. Surgical intervention would be required in selected cases of this clinical entity.
    Journal of Gastrointestinal Cancer 12/2011; 42(4):241-51.
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    ABSTRACT: Small bowel adenocarcinoma is a relatively uncommon neoplasm that accounts for approximately 0.3% to 2.4% of digestive cancers. In comparison with carcinomas of the other areas of the gastrointestinal tract, the prognosis for small bowel adenocarcinoma is generally worse. The prognostic factors of small bowel adenocarcinoma were analyzed retrospectively, and the significance of operative procedure, lymphadenectomy, and adjuvant chemotherapy was evaluated. From 1990 to 2009, 30 patients with small bowel adenocarcinoma who underwent surgery at Osaka Medical College Hospital were analyzed with respect to tumor extent, operation method, and prognosis. Overall 5-year survival was 52.5%, and the median survival time was 27.0 months. On univariate and multivariate analyses, the location (duodenum vs. jejunum and ileum), size (greater or less than 70 mm), and tumor, nodes, and metastasis (TNM) stage (stage 0 + I + II vs. III + IV) of the tumor were the significant prognostic factors. No differences in survival and recurrence rates were observed between patients undergoing pancreaticoduodenectomy and those undergoing partial resection, between those undergoing mural lymphadenectomy and those undergoing extended lymphadenectomy, or between those with and without adjuvant chemotherapy. The combination of surgery and adjuvant chemotherapy did not control recurrence or improve the prognosis. In small bowel adenocarcinoma, location, size, and TNM stage of the tumors were the independent prognostic factors after curative resections. Partial resection with mural lymphadenectomy may be recommended as optimal surgery for small bowel adenocarcinoma.
    Journal of Gastrointestinal Cancer 05/2011; 43(2):272-8.
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    ABSTRACT: Since actinomycosis sometimes causes an abdominal tumor which mimics malignancy, treatment strategy varies from case to case. We herein report two cases which were treated with a combination of antibiotics and surgical intervention. Both patients presented with an intra-abdominal tumor lesion mimicking malignant disease after an appendectomy for acute appendicitis. Case 1 received surgical extirpation of the abdominal tumor in the liver and kidney twice since the clinical diagnosis of actinomycosis was not made. In contrast, case 2 was successfully treated by a combination of antibiotics and laparoscopic surgery following the experience of case 1. When a high probability diagnosis can be made, a laparoscopic approach is a useful and effective option to treat this condition.
    World journal of gastrointestinal surgery. 12/2010; 2(12):405-8.
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    ABSTRACT: We report a resected case of effective treatment with S-1+CPT-11 combination chemotherapy for advanced gastric cancer. The patient was a 65-year-old man who had a type 3 gastric cancer from the middle body of the stomach to the angle. An abdominal CT scan demonstrated bulky lymph node metastasis (cType 3, T3, N2, M0, cStage IIIb), which was then treated with S-1+CPT-11 (S-1 80 mg/m2 day 1-21, CPT-11 80 mg/m2 day 1, 15/5 weeksx2 courses)as neoadjuvant chemotherapy. After 2 courses of chemotherapy, the primary lesion and regional metastatic lymph nodes were reduced by CT (cType 3, T2, N2, M0, cStage IIIa). Total gastrectomy with D3 nodal dissection was performed. The histological diagnosis was pT2 (ss), pN0, sH0, pCY0, sP0, sM0, tub2, INF beta, ly0, v1, n0, stage I b, Cur A, and the histological effect of the main tumor was judged to be Grade 1b. He was treated by S-1 after surgery. The patient has been in good health without a recurrence for 3 years after surgery. This case suggests that neoadjuvant chemotherapy with S-1+CPT-11 is a potential regimen for advanced gastric cancer.
    Gan to kagaku ryoho. Cancer & chemotherapy 07/2010; 37(7):1381-4.
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    ABSTRACT: Heterotopic pancreatic cancer in the duodenum is a very rare disease. Only twelve cases have been reported worldwide to date. We report a rare case of malignant transformation of heterotopic pancreas (Heinrich type III) in the duodenum with long-term survival of the patient, and review the 12 cases in the literature. A 75-year-old Japanese man was admitted to our hospital complaining of nausea and vomiting. Endoscopy and upper gastrointestinal contrast study showed marked duodenal stenosis. A pylorus-preserving pancreaticoduodenectomy was performed. Histopathological examination of the surgically resected specimen showed malignant transformation of heterotopic pancreas (Heinrich type III) in the duodenum. The postoperative course was uneventful, and the patient was discharged from the hospital on postoperative day 30. He is well and shows no signs of recurrence at the time of writing, six years after the surgery. Adenocarcinoma arising within the heterotopic pancreas appears to be rare. It is difficult to obtain a correct diagnosis preoperatively. The management of heterotopic pancreas depends on the presence or absence of symptoms. If the patient is asymptomatic or benign, conservative treatment with regular follow-up is recommended. When the patient is symptomatic or there is a suspicion of malignancy, surgical management with intra-operative frozen section diagnosis is indicated.
    Journal of Medical Case Reports 01/2010; 4:39.
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    ABSTRACT: Detection of early gastric tube cancers (GTCs) has increased with more detailed surveillance endoscopy using indigo carmine dye following esophagectomy. This retrospective study clarified the clinicopathological features and application of endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) for GTCs. Data collected for eight GTCs treated by ESD included clinical and pathological features and outcomes following ESD. Overall, eight GTCs were identified in seven (6.3 %) of 112 patients who underwent esophagectomy and gastric tube reconstruction. Almost all lesions were macroscopically type 0-IIa with mucosal to submucosal invasion, and seven GTCs were successfully resected en bloc by ESD. Submucosal invasion to > 500 microm was observed in one case with associated delayed perforation that was treated conservatively. No local recurrences of GTCs were observed. Detailed surveillance endoscopy using indigo carmine dye appears useful for diagnosing early-stage GTC. Furthermore ESD represents a feasible alternative to conventional endoscopic mucosal resection as a minimally invasive therapy for early-stage GTC.
    Endoscopy 09/2009; 41(9):777-80. · 5.74 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Multiple gastric carcinomas often arise in gastric mucosa with chronic gastritis, particularly severe intestinal metaplasia. In regard to such characteristics, several clinicopathological risk factors for multiple carcinomas have been reported, but no clinically useful criteria are available at present for assessing the onset of multiple gastric carcinomas. If the risk for multiple gastric carcinomas could be accurately assessed, efficient and accurate surveillance could be performed following minimally invasive therapies. In the present study, we investigated clinicopathological differences between 94 cases of multiple early gastric carcinomas and 285 cases of solitary early gastric carcinoma. We tested 379 specimens of gastric carcinomas that had been surgically resected at the Department of General and Gastroenterological Surgery of Osaka Medical College, Japan, from April 1999 to December 2006. Univariate analysis of clinicopathological factors in the present study showed that multiple gastric carcinomas were significantly correlated to old age (> or =65 years), well- and moderately differentiated histological type, mucin phenotype (intestinal type), distribution of atrophic mucosa in the stomach (severe), degree of intestinal metaplasia in the surrounding mucosa (severe), and heterotopic glandular cysts. Multivariate analysis using the stepwise method identified age (> or =65 years) and degree of intestinal metaplasia in the surrounding mucosa (severe) as significant independent risk factors for multiple gastric carcinomas. While other studies have shown risk factors for multiple gastric carcinomas, the present study is unique in showing risk assessment criteria based on a combination of risk factors for multiple gastric carcinomas.
    Gastric Cancer 02/2009; 12(1):23-30. · 3.99 Impact Factor
  • Endoscopy 09/2008; 40 Suppl 2:E189-90. · 5.74 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Detection and removal of adenomas by colonoscopy is an important means for preventing cancer; however, small adenomas may be missed during colonoscopy. The narrow-band imaging (NBI) system clearly enhances the microvasculature in neoplastic lesions, making it appear as a dark complex. Therefore, the NBI system may improve the detection of colonic neoplasias. However, no randomized, controlled trials have evaluated the efficacy of a pan-colonic NBI system in adenoma detection. We conducted a randomized, controlled trial to determine the efficacy of the pancolonic NBI system in adenoma detection. Two hundred forty-three patients were randomized, 121 to conventional colonoscopy and 122 to pan-colonic NBI system. Demographics, indication for colonoscopy, and quality of preparation were similar between groups. Extubation time was not significantly different between the conventional colonoscopy and pan-colonic NBI system. The proportions of patients with at least one adenoma and those with multiple adenomas were not significantly different between groups. However, the pan-colonic NBI system significantly increased the total number of adenomas detected (P < 0.05) and the number of diminutive (<5 mm) adenomas detected (P < 0.05). The pan-colonic NBI system allowed detection of more diminutive adenomas in the distal colon than did conventional colonoscopy (P < 0.01), and more patients in the NBI group had at least one diminutive adenoma than in the control group (P < 0.05). The pan-colonic NBI system improves the total number of adenomas detected, including significantly more diminutive adenomas, without prolongation of extubation time. These results indicate that routine use of the NBI system for surveillance of diminutive adenomas may be recommended.
    Journal of Gastroenterology 01/2008; 43(1):45-50. · 3.79 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A case of primary NK/T-cell lymphoma of the rectum accompanied with ulcerative colitis (UC) in a 73-year-old man is reported. He had a 6-year history of repeated admission to our hospital for UC. Total colonoscopy performed 4 months after resolution of refractory UC complicated by cytomegalovirus colitis showed a markedly submucosal tumor in the rectum, which was histologically diagnosed as malignant lymphoma. The findings of computed tomography of the chest and abdomen, gallium scintigraphy, abdominal ultrasonography, and upper gastrointestinal endoscopy showed no abnormal lesions. Therefore, based on a diagnosis of localized rectal lymphoma with UC, proctocolectomy was performed. The resected specimen showed three submucosal tumors in the rectum with local nodal involvement. Histologically, the tumors were characterized by diffusely infiltrating sheets of large atypical lymphoid cells, which were negative for CD4, CD8, and CD20 but were positive for CD56, CD3, and granzyme B. The presence of Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection in neoplastic cells was shown by in situ hybridization for EBV-encoded early small RNA1 (EBER-1). Based on these findings, the patient was diagnosed with primary CD56+ NK/T-cell lymphoma of the rectum (stage IIE). This is the first case report of primary rectal NK/T-cell lymphoma accompanied with UC.
    Journal of Gastroenterology 01/2008; 43(7):576-80. · 3.79 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We report a patient with hyperthyroid Graves' disease associated with type A gastritis and a gastric carcinoid tumor. A 45-year-old female visited our hospital because of exophthalmos, and hyperthyroidism was found. TSH receptor antibody and anti-parietal cell antibody were positive in the patient's serum. An endoscopic examination revealed type A gastritis and a gastric carcinoid tumor. The diagnosis of type A gastritis was determined histologically. The gastric carcinoid tumor was solitary and small (less than 5 mm in diameter), and was removed by biopsy. The patient's hypergastrinemia continued after the thyroid function was normalized by treatment with methimazole. Endoscopic surveillance for metachronous gastric carcinoid tumors will therefore be required. The association of Graves' disease, type A gastritis and a gastric carcinoid tumor is discussed.
    Digestive Endoscopy 12/2007; 10(3):223 - 226. · 1.61 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate local invasion and lymph nodes metastasis of colorectal cancer and mesenteric vascular variations using multidetector-row computed tomography (MDCT) before laparoscopic colorectal surgery. Fifty-one patients with colorectal cancer underwent MDCT. The evaluation items were as follows: (1) local invasion; (2) detected lymph nodes evaluated by short-axis diameter, long-axis diameter, short/long axis diameter ratio, and computed tomography (CT) attenuation; and (3) visualization of mesenteric artery and vein by 3-dimensional-CT angiography. First, in the evaluation of local invasion, overall accuracy was 94.1%. Second, the point of 0.8 or greater in short/long-axis diameter ratio was best index for the diagnosis of metastatic lymph nodes. Using this index, the accuracy of the diagnosis per node was 80.5%. Third, 3-dimensional-CT angiography correctly demonstrated variations of the mesenteric artery and vein. The MDCT was effective for evaluation of local invasion and lymph nodes metastasis of colorectal cancer and mesenteric vascular variations before laparoscopic surgery.
    Journal of Computer Assisted Tomography 10/2007; 31(6):831-9. · 1.58 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Reported herein is an autopsy case of primary hepatic neuroendocrine carcinoma associated with dermatomyositis. A 71-year-old Japanese man, who was diagnosed with dermatomyositis 5 months before death, had multiple tumors within a non-cirrhotic liver. Histopathologically, the tumors were composed of small- and medium-sized round cells with clear cytoplasm arranged in nests, sheets or rosettes. Immunohistochemically, the tumor cells were positive for chromogranin A, neuron-specific enolase and CD56 and were negative for synaptophysin. This tumor was diagnosed as a primary hepatic neuroendocrine carcinoma with metastasis to the lung, gallbladder and lymph nodes around the pancreas and aorta; no primary lesions were detected in any other organ. The tumor cells were also positive for cytokeratin 7, cytokeratin 19 and epithelial membrane antigen but were negative for anti-hepatocyte antibody and AFP. These findings suggest that the tumor originated in intrahepatic bile duct epithelium. Various cancers have been reported in patients with dermatomyositis, but only seven cases of dermatomyositis associated with primary liver cancer have been reported. To the best of the authors' knowledge, this is the first report of dermatomyositis associated with primary hepatic neuroendocrine carcinoma.
    Pathology International 01/2007; 56(12):749-54. · 1.72 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Glutamate decarboxylase (GAD), which has two isoforms, GAD65, and GAD67, is responsible for synthesis of the major inhibitory neurotransmitter, gamma-aminobutyric acid. GAD is expressed predominantly in the central nervous system; recent reports suggest that GAD is also expressed in non-neuronal organs including the pancreas. In the pancreatic islets, GAD serves as one of the autoantigens in type I diabetes mellitus. Recent flow cytometric analyses have shown that a variety of self-antigens, including GAD, are ectopically transcribed and expressed in particular cell populations of the thymus, although consensus concerning the cellular phenotype has not been obtained. The aim of this study was to clarify the localization and cellular phenotype of GAD67-expressing cells in the thymus at a cellular level with a novel approach using GAD67-green fluorescent protein (GFP) knock-in mice, in which GFP is expressed specifically in GAD67-positive cells. GFP-positive cells were detected in the thymic medulla and were identified as epithelial cells by immunohistochemistry. Almost all GFP-positive cells were positive for major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class II antigen staining and were positive for both cytokeratin and Ulex Europaeus Agglutinin I, markers of medullary thymic epithelial cells, but were negative for CD11c, Gr-1, and CD45, markers of dendritic cells, macrophages, and B-lymphocytes, respectively.
    Tissue Antigens 01/2006; 67(3):198-206. · 2.93 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Various hepato-biliary complications are an increased incidence in patients with inflammatory bowel disease, and portal bacteremia is well documented in patients with ulcerative colitis (UC). However, few reports mention UC in association with liver abscesses. Recently, there are several reports describing cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection in association with disease exacerbation and steroid refractoriness in patients with UC. Here we present a case of refractory UC accompanied with multiple liver abscesses and CMV colitis. The patient, a 72-year-old male, with a five-year history of repeated admissions to our hospital for UC, presented with an exacerbation of his UC. Sigmoidoscopy performed on admission suggested that his UC was exacerbated, then he was given prednisolone and mesalazine orally, and betamethasone enemas. However, he had exacerbated symptoms. Repeat sigmoidoscopy revealed multiple longitudinal ulcers and pseudopolyps in the rectosigmoid colon. Although immunohistochemical staining of biopsy specimens and the serum testing for antigenemia were negative on admission and after the repeat sigmoidoscopy, they became histologically positive for CMV. Nonetheless, the patient developed spiking fevers, soon after ganciclovir was administered. Laboratory studies revealed an increased white cell count with left shift, and Enterococcus fecalis grew in blood cultures. An abdominal computed tomography (CT) scan was obtained and the diagnosis of liver abscesses associated with UC was made, based on CT results. The hepatic abscesses were successfully treated with intravenous meropenem for 6 wk, without further percutaneous drainage. To our knowledge, this is the first reported case of multiple liver abscesses that develop during UC exacerbation complicated by CMV colitis.
    World Journal of Gastroenterology 10/2005; 11(33):5241-4. · 2.55 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

298 Citations
81.69 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 1994–2012
    • Osaka Medical College
      • • Second Department of Internal Medicine
      • • Department of General and Gastroenterological Surgery
      • • Department of Pathology
      • • Department of Radiology
      Takatuki, Ōsaka, Japan
  • 1999
    • Hokusetsu General Hospital
      Takatuki, Ōsaka, Japan