Alexander Kettner

Sapienza University of Rome, Roma, Latium, Italy

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Publications (4)25.13 Total impact

  • Alexander Kettner, Mario Di Matteo, Angela Santoni
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    ABSTRACT: Factors contained in physiological microenvironments in tissues where mast cells differentiate and reside may influence mast cell responsiveness and modify antigen-dependent activation. A possible direct or indirect role of mast cell responses in diabetes mellitus prompted us to study the impact of insulin treatment on antigen triggered signaling pathways downstream of FcepsilonRI in bone marrow-derived mouse mast cells (BMMCs). We found that insulin alone stimulates tyrosine phosphorylation of tyrosine kinases Lyn, Syk, Fyn, the adapter protein Gab2 (Grb2-associated binding protein 2), Akt and activates ERK, JNK and p38 kinase. Effect of insulin on FcepsilonRI signaling pathways was marked by enhanced phosphorylation of Lyn, Fyn, Gab2 and Akt. Furthermore, BMMC stimulated with antigen in the presence of insulin responded with enhanced protein kinase theta (PKCtheta) activity and increased JNK phosphorylation when compared to BMMC triggered with antigen alone. Functional studies reveal enhanced degranulation and altered cytoskeletal rearrangement when BMMCs were treated simultaneously with insulin and antigen. Our results suggest that insulin tunes antigen-mediated responses of mast cells.
    Molecular Immunology 12/2009; 47(5):1039-46. DOI:10.1016/j.molimm.2009.11.013 · 3.00 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome protein-interacting protein (WIP) stabilizes actin filaments and is important for immunoreceptor-mediated signal transduction leading to actin cytoskeleton rearrangement in T and B cells. Here we report a role for WIP in signaling pathways downstream of the high affinity receptor for immunoglobulin (Ig)E (FcepsilonRI) in mast cells. WIP-deficient bone marrow-derived mast cells (BMMCs) were impaired in their capacity to degranulate and secrete interleukin 6 after FcepsilonRI ligation. Calcium mobilization, phosphorylation of Syk, phospholipase C-g2, and c-Jun NH2-terminal kinase were markedly decreased in WIP-deficient BMMCs. WIP was found to associate with Syk after FcepsilonRI ligation and to inhibit Syk degradation as evidenced by markedly diminished Syk levels in WIP-deficient BMMCs. WIP-deficient BMMCs exhibited no apparent defect in their subcortical actin network and were normal in their ability to form protrusions when exposed to an IgE-coated surface. However, the kinetics of actin changes and the cell shape changes that follow FcepsilonRI signaling were altered in WIP-deficient BMMCs. These results suggest that WIP regulates FcepsilonRI-mediated mast cell activation by regulating Syk levels and actin cytoskeleton rearrangement.
    Journal of Experimental Medicine 03/2004; 199(3):357-68. DOI:10.1084/jem.20030652 · 13.91 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome protein (WASP) is the product of the gene deficient in boys with X-linked Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome. We assessed the role of WASP in signaling through the high-affinity IgE receptor (FcepsilonRI) using WASP-deficient mice. IgE-dependent degranulation and cytokine secretion were markedly diminished in bone marrow-derived mast cells from WASP-deficient mice. Upstream signaling events that include FcepsilonRI-triggered total protein tyrosine phosphorylation, and protein tyrosine phosphorylation of FcepsilonRIbeta and Syk were not affected by WASP deficiency. However, tyrosine phosphorylation of phospholipase Cgamma and Ca(2+) mobilization were diminished. IgE-dependent activation of c-Jun N-terminal kinase, cell spreading and redistribution of cellular F-actin in mast cells were reduced in the absence of WASP. We conclude that WASP regulates FcepsilonRI-mediated granule exocytosis, cytokine production and cytoskeletal changes in mast cells.
    International Immunology 01/2004; 15(12):1431-40. · 3.18 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The adapter SLP-76 plays an essential role in Fc epsilon RI signaling, since SLP-76(-/-) bone marrow-derived mast cells (BMMC) fail to degranulate and release interleukin-6 (IL-6) following Fc epsilon RI ligation. To define the role of SLP-76 domains and motifs in Fc epsilon RI signaling, SLP-76(-/-) BMMC were retrovirally transduced with SLP-76 and SLP-76 mutants. The SLP-76 N-terminal and Gads binding domains, but not the SH2 domain, were critical for Fc epsilon RI-mediated degranulation and IL-6 secretion, whereas all three domains are essential for T-cell proliferation following T-cell receptor (TCR) ligation. Unexpectedly, the three tyrosine residues in SLP-76 critical for TCR signaling, Y112, Y128, and Y145, were not essential for IL-6 secretion, but were required for degranulation and mitogen-activated protein kinase activation. Furthermore, a Y112/128F SLP-76 mutant, but not a Y145F mutant, strongly reconstituted mast cell degranulation, suggesting a critical role for Y145 in Fc epsilon RI-mediated exocytosis. These results point to important differences in the function of SLP-76 between T cells and mast cells.
    Molecular and Cellular Biology 05/2003; 23(7):2395-406. DOI:10.1128/MCB.23.7.2395-2406.2003 · 5.04 Impact Factor