Peter L Choyke

National Institutes of Health, Maryland, United States

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Publications (629)2543.36 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Autosomal dominant (ADPKD) and recessive (ARPKD) polycystic kidney diseases are the most common hepatorenal fibrocystic diseases (ciliopathies). Characteristics of liver disease of these disorders are quite different. All of the patients with ARPKD have congenital hepatic fibrosis (CHF) often complicated by portal hypertension. In contrast, typical liver involvement in ADPKD is polycystic liver disease, although rare atypical cases with CHF are reported. Our goal was to describe the characteristics of CHF in ADPKD. As a part of an intramural study of the National Institutes of Health on ciliopathies (, trial NCT00068224), we evaluated 8 patients from 3 ADPKD families with CHF. We present their clinical, biochemical, imaging, and PKD1 and PKHD1 sequencing results. In addition, we tabulate the characteristics of 15 previously reported patients with ADPKD-CHF from 11 families. In all of the 19 patients with ADPKD-CHF (9 boys, 10 girls), portal hypertension was the main manifestation of CHF; hepatocelllular function was preserved and liver enzymes were largely normal. In all of the 14 families, CHF was not inherited vertically, that is the parents of the index cases had PKD but did not have CHF-suggesting modifier gene(s). Our 3 families had pathogenic mutations in PKD1; sequencing of the PKHD1 gene as a potential modifier did not reveal any mutations. Characteristics of CHF in ADPKD are similar to CHF in ARPKD. ADPKD-CHF is caused by PKD1 mutations, with probable contribution from modifying gene(s). Given that both boys and girls are affected, these modifier(s) are likely located on autosomal chromosome(s) and less likely X-linked.
    Journal of pediatric gastroenterology and nutrition 06/2011; 54(1):83-9. · 2.18 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The expanded biological and medical applications of nanomaterials place a premium on better understanding of the chemical and physical determinants of in vivo particles. Nanotechnology allows us to design a vast array of molecules with distinct chemical and biological characteristics, each with a specific size, charge, hydrophilicity, shape, and flexibility. To date, much research has focused on the role of particle size as a determinant of biodistribution and clearance. Additionally, much of what we know about the relationship between nanoparticle traits and pharmacokinetics has involved research limited to the gross average hydrodynamic size. Yet, other features such as particle shape and flexibility affect in vivo behavior and become increasingly important for designing and synthesizing nanosized molecules. Herein, we discuss determinants of in vivo behavior of nanosized molecules used as imaging agents with a focus on dendrimer-based contrast agents. We aim to discuss often overlooked or, yet to be considered, factors that affect in vivo behavior of synthetic nanosized molecules, as well as aim to highlight important gaps in current understanding.
    Bioconjugate Chemistry 06/2011; 22(6):993-1000. · 4.58 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Hypoxia-inducible factor 1 (HIF-1) α is frequently overexpressed in human tumors and is associated with angiogenesis and metastasis. Topotecan, a topoisomerase I inhibitor, has been shown to inhibit HIF-1α expression in preclinical models. We designed a pilot trial to measure HIF-1α inhibition in tumor biopsies from patients with advanced solid tumors overexpressing HIF-1α, after treatment with oral topotecan. Topotecan was administered orally at 1.6 mg/m(2) once daily for 5 days/week for 2 weeks, in 28-day cycles. Objectives were to determine inhibition of expression of HIF-1α and HIF-1 target genes in tumor; to assess tumor blood flow by dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (DCE-MRI); and to measure pharmacokinetics. Tumor biopsies were collected at baseline and during the second cycle of treatment. Sixteen patients were enrolled. The dose of topotecan was reduced to 1.2 mg/m(2)/day due to myelosuppression. Seven patients had paired tumor biopsies. In 4 patients, HIF-1α nuclear staining became undetectable after treatment (7.5%-50% staining at baseline). Decreased levels of VEGF and GLUT-1 mRNA were measured in 4 patients; the changes were concordant with reduction in HIF-1α in 3 patients. Decreased tumor blood flow and permeability were observed by DCE-MRI in 7 of 10 patients after 1 cycle. One patient had a partial response accompanied by inhibition of HIF-1α in tumor and reduction in tumor blood flow on DCE-MRI. This multihistology, target assessment trial of a small molecule inhibitor of HIF-1α showed that topotecan could decrease HIF-1α expression in advanced solid tumors.
    Clinical Cancer Research 06/2011; 17(15):5123-31. · 7.84 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Traditionally, the skeletal survey has been the standard modality for the detection of osteolytic bone disease in multiple myeloma. In addition to its poor sensitivity for the detection of osteolytic lesions, this modality is not able to identify extramedullary lesions and focal bone marrow involvement, nor measure response to therapy. The application of novel imaging techniques such as computed tomography (CT), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and molecular imaging such as fluorine-18 fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography CT ((18)F-FDG PET/CT) and fluorine-18 sodium fluoride positron emission tomography CT ((18)F-NaF PET/CT) has the potential to overcome these limitations as well as provide prognostic information in precursor states and multiple myeloma. Also promising is the use of dynamic contrast enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (DCE MRI) to measure vascular permeability, an important feature of myelomagenesis. This review summarizes the current status and possible future role of novel imaging modalities in multiple myeloma and its precursor states.
    Leukemia & lymphoma 06/2011; 52(9):1630-40. · 2.61 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Stimulating an immune response against cancer with the use of vaccines remains a challenge. We hypothesized that combining a melanoma vaccine with interleukin-2, an immune activating agent, could improve outcomes. In a previous phase 2 study, patients with metastatic melanoma receiving high-dose interleukin-2 plus the gp100:209-217(210M) peptide vaccine had a higher rate of response than the rate that is expected among patients who are treated with interleukin-2 alone. We conducted a randomized, phase 3 trial involving 185 patients at 21 centers. Eligibility criteria included stage IV or locally advanced stage III cutaneous melanoma, expression of HLA*A0201, an absence of brain metastases, and suitability for high-dose interleukin-2 therapy. Patients were randomly assigned to receive interleukin-2 alone (720,000 IU per kilogram of body weight per dose) or gp100:209-217(210M) plus incomplete Freund's adjuvant (Montanide ISA-51) once per cycle, followed by interleukin-2. The primary end point was clinical response. Secondary end points included toxic effects and progression-free survival. The treatment groups were well balanced with respect to baseline characteristics and received a similar amount of interleukin-2 per cycle. The toxic effects were consistent with those expected with interleukin-2 therapy. The vaccine-interleukin-2 group, as compared with the interleukin-2-only group, had a significant improvement in centrally verified overall clinical response (16% vs. 6%, P=0.03), as well as longer progression-free survival (2.2 months; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.7 to 3.9 vs. 1.6 months; 95% CI, 1.5 to 1.8; P=0.008). The median overall survival was also longer in the vaccine-interleukin-2 group than in the interleukin-2-only group (17.8 months; 95% CI, 11.9 to 25.8 vs. 11.1 months; 95% CI, 8.7 to 16.3; P=0.06). In patients with advanced melanoma, the response rate was higher and progression-free survival longer with vaccine and interleukin-2 than with interleukin-2 alone. (Funded by the National Cancer Institute and others; number, NCT00019682.).
    New England Journal of Medicine 06/2011; 364(22):2119-27. · 54.42 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In recent years, numerous in vivo molecular imaging probes have been developed. As a consequence, much has been published on the design and synthesis of molecular imaging probes focusing on each modality, each type of material, or each target disease. More recently, second generation molecular imaging probes with unique, multi-functional, or multiplexed characteristics have been designed. This critical review focuses on (i) molecular imaging using combinations of modalities and signals that employ the full range of the electromagnetic spectra, (ii) optimized chemical design of molecular imaging probes for in vivo kinetics based on biology and physiology across a range of physical sizes, (iii) practical examples of second generation molecular imaging probes designed to extract complementary data from targets using multiple modalities, color, and comprehensive signals (277 references).
    Chemical Society Reviews 05/2011; 40(9):4626-48. · 24.89 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Overexpression of HER2/neu in breast cancer is correlated with a poor prognosis. It may vary between primary tumors and metastatic lesions and change during the treatment. Therefore, there is a need for a new means to assess HER2/neu expression in vivo. In this work, we used (68)Ga-labeled DOTA-Z(HER2:2891)-Affibody to monitor HER2/neu expression in a panel of breast cancer xenografts. DOTA-Z(HER2:2891)-Affibody molecules were labeled with (68)Ga. In vitro binding was characterized by a receptor saturation assay. Biodistribution and PET imaging studies were conducted in athymic nude mice bearing subcutaneous human breast cancer tumors with three different levels of HER2/neu expression. Nonspecific uptake was analyzed using non-HER2-specific Affibody molecules. Signal detected by PET was compared with ex vivo assessment of the tracer uptake and HER2/neu expression. The (68)Ga-DOTA-Z(HER2:2891)-Affibody probe showed high binding affinity to MDA-MB-361 cells (K (D) = 1.4 ± 0.19 nM). In vivo biodistribution and PET imaging studies demonstrated high radioactivity uptake in HER2/neu-positive tumors. Tracer was eliminated quickly from the blood and normal tissues, resulting in high tumor-to-blood ratios. The highest concentration of radioactivity in normal tissue was seen in the kidneys (227 ± 14%ID/g). High-contrast PET images of HER2/neu-overexpressing tumors were recorded as soon as 1 h after tracer injection. A good correlation was observed between PET imaging, biodistribution estimates of tumor tracer concentration, and the receptor expression. These results suggest that PET imaging using (68)Ga-DOTA-Z(HER2:2891)-Affibody is sensitive enough to detect different levels of HER2/neu expression in vivo.
    European Journal of Nuclear Medicine 04/2011; 38(11):1967-76. · 4.53 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Polyethylene glycol (PEG) surface modification can make nanomaterials highly hydrophilic, reducing their sequestration in the reticuloendothelial system. In this study, polyamidoamine (PAMAM) dendrimers bearing gadolinium (Gd) chelates were PEGylated with different PEG-chain lengths, and the effects on paramagnetic and pharmacokinetic properties were evaluated. Specifically, Gd chelate-bearing PAMAM dendrimers (generations 4 and 5; G4 and G5) were conjugated with two different PEG chains (2 kDa and 5 kDa; 2k and 5k). Long PEG chains (5k) on the smaller (G4) dendrimer resulted in reduced relaxivity compared to non-PEGylated dendrimers, whereas short PEG chains (2k) on a larger (G5) dendrimer produced relaxivities comparable to non-PEGylated G4 dendrimers. The relaxivity of all PEGylated or lysine-conjugated dendrimers increased at higher temperature, whereas that of intact G4 Gd-PAMAM dendrimer decreased. All PEGylated dendrimers had minimal liver and kidney uptake and remained in circulation for at least 1 hour. Thus, surface-PEGylated Gd-PAMAM dendrimers showed decreased plasma clearance and prolonged retention in the blood pool. Shorter PEG, higher generation conjugates led to higher relaxivity. FROM THE CLINICAL EDITOR: In this study, polyamidoamine dendrimers bearing gadolinium (Gd) chelates were PEGylated with different PEG-chain lengths, and the effects on paramagnetic and pharmacokinetic properties were evaluated.
    Nanomedicine: nanotechnology, biology, and medicine 04/2011; 7(6):1001-8. · 6.93 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Near infrared fluorescence-guidance can be used for the detection of small cancer metastases and can aid in the endoscopic management of cancer. Indocyanine green (ICG) is a Food and Drug Administration (FDA)-approved fluorescence agent. Through non-specific interactions with serum proteins, ICG achieves enhanced permeability and retention (EPR) effects. Yet, ICG demonstrates rapid clearance from the circulation. Therefore, ICG may be an ideal contrast agent for real-time fluorescence imaging of tumors. To evaluate the usefulness of real-time dual fluorescence and white light endoscopic optical imaging to detect tumor implants using the contrast agent ICG, fluorescence-guided laparoscopic procedures were performed in mouse models of peritoneally disseminated ovarian cancers. Animals were administered intravenous ICG or a control contrast agent, IR800-conjugated to albumin. The ability to detect small ovarian cancer implants was then compared. Using the dual view microendoscope, ICG clearly enabled visualization of peritoneal ovarian cancer metastatic nodules derived from SHIN3 and OVCAR5 cells at 6 and 24 hr after injection with significantly higher tumor-to-background ratio than the control agent, IR800-albumin (p < 0.001). In conclusion, ICG has the desirable properties of having both EPR effects and rapid clearance for the real-time endoscopic detection of tiny ovarian cancer peritoneal implants compared to a control macromolecular agent with theoretically better EPR effects but longer circulatory retention. Given that ICG is already FDA-approved and has a long track record of human use, this method could be easily translated to the clinic as a robust tool for fluorescence-guided endoscopic procedures for the management and treatment of cancer.
    International Journal of Cancer 04/2011; 129(7):1671-7. · 6.20 Impact Factor
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    Peter L Choyke
    Radiology 03/2011; 258(3):655-6. · 6.34 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Prostate T(2) mapping was performed in 34 consecutive patients using an accelerated multiecho spin-echo sequence with 4-fold k-space undersampling leading to a net acceleration factor of 3.3 on a 3T scanner. The mean T(2) values from the accelerated and conventional, unaccelerated sequences demonstrated a very high correlation (r = 0.99). Different prostate segments demonstrated similarly good interscan reproducibility (p = not significant) with slightly larger difference at base: 2.0% ± 1.6% for left base and 2.1% ± 1.1% for right base. In patients with subsequent targeted biopsy, T(2) values of histologically proven malignant tumor areas were significantly lower than the suspicious looking but nonmalignant lesions (p < 0.05) and normal areas (p < 0.001): 100 ± 10 ms for malignant tumors, 114 ± 23 ms for suspicious lesions and 149 ± 32 ms for normal tissues. The proposed method can provide an effective approach for accelerated T(2) quantification for prostate patients.
    Magnetic Resonance in Medicine 03/2011; 65(5):1400-6. · 3.27 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The high target specificity of antibodies and related constructs makes them excellent scaffolds for molecular-imaging probes. Quantitative data on biodistribution and pharmacokinetics can be acquired by radiolabeling these agents. Such studies demonstrate prolonged circulation times and resulting nonspecific accumulation with high background signal using antibody-based agents. Antibody fragments demonstrate more rapid clearance, but lower tumor uptake. Optical labeling of antibodies provides a basis for developing activatable probes that can image antigens with very high specificity, potentially allowing for the simultaneous visualization of multiple targets. While radioimmunoimaging provides valuable whole-body, quantitative information, activatable optical antibody-based agents could generate real-time diagnostic and prognostic information about near-surface lesions at high-spatial and temporal resolution without requiring ionizing radiation.
    Therapeutic delivery 03/2011; 2(3):345-58.
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    ABSTRACT: Human papillomavirus (HPV) infection is the most common sexually transmitted infection. Vaccines for HPV infection can reduce the risk of developing cervical cancer. To further improve such vaccines and to explore other methods of preventing or treating viral infection, longitudinal studies in experimental animals are desirable. Here, we describe a newly developed multicolor endoscopic fluorescence imaging system to visualize early HPV infection with fluorescent protein-encoded pseudoviruses (PsV) in the female genital tract of living mice. With this imaging method, the course of HPV PsV infection and the effects of intervention to prevent infection can be monitored in a single mouse over time. Female immunocompetent or athymic mice were pretreated with a vaginal spermicide and then HPV PsV composed of an authentic viral capsid and encapsidating green or red fluorescent protein (GFP or RFP) reporter gene was intravaginally instilled. Expression of GFP or RFP was detected 1 day after PsV challenge, which peaked after 2 or 3 days and decreasing thereafter. No fluorescence was detected in vaccine-treated immunocompetent mice. By using serial infection of the same PsV type (HPV16) encoding either GFP or RFP, different infection patterns of repeated exposure can be monitored. This method offers the ability to monitor experimental virus infections before and after intervention, thereby accelerating the development of appropriate prevention and therapy.
    Cancer Prevention Research 03/2011; 4(5):767-73. · 4.89 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We determined whether there is a correlation between D'Amico risk stratification and the degree of suspicion of prostate cancer on multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging based on targeted biopsies done with our electromagnetically tracked magnetic resonance imaging/ultrasound fusion platform. A total of 101 patients underwent 3 Tesla multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging of the prostate, consisting of T2, dynamic contrast enhanced, diffusion weighted and spectroscopy images in cases suspicious for or with a diagnosis of prostate cancer. All prostate magnetic resonance imaging lesions were then identified and graded by the number of positive modalities, including low-2 or fewer, moderate-3 and high-4 showing suspicion on multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging. The biopsy protocol included standard 12-core biopsy, followed by real-time magnetic resonance imaging/ultrasound fusion targeted biopsies of the suspicious magnetic resonance lesions. Cases and lesions were stratified by the D'Amico risk stratification. In this screening population 90.1% of men had a negative digital rectal examination. Mean±SD age was 62.7±8.3 years and median prostate specific antigen was 5.8 ng/ml. Of the cases 54.5% were positive for cancer on protocol biopsy. Chi-square analysis revealed a statistically significant correlation between magnetic resonance suspicion and D'Amico risk stratification (p<0.0001). Within cluster resampling demonstrated a statistically significant correlation between magnetic resonance suspicion and D'Amico risk stratification for magnetic resonance targeted core biopsies and magnetic resonance lesions (p<0.01) Our data support the notion that using multiparametric magnetic resonance prostate imaging one may assess the degree of risk associated with magnetic resonance visible lesions in the prostate.
    The Journal of urology 03/2011; 185(3):815-20. · 3.75 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate whether apparent diffusion coefficients (ADCs) derived from diffusion-weighted (DW) magnetic resonance (MR) imaging at 3 T correlate with the clinical risk of prostate cancer in patients with tumors that are visible on MR images, with MR imaging/transrectal ultrasonography (US) fusion-guided biopsy as a reference. Forty-eight consecutive patients (median age, 60 years; median serum prostate-specific antigen value, 6.3 ng/mL) who underwent DW imaging during 3-T MR imaging with an endorectal coil were included in this retrospective institutional review board-approved study, and informed consent was obtained from each patient. Patients underwent targeted MR imaging/transrectal US fusion-guided prostate biopsy. Mean ADCs of cancerous target tumors were correlated with Gleason and D'Amico clinical risk scores. The true risk group rate and predictive value of the mean ADC for classifying a tumor by its D'Amico clinical risk score was determined by using linear discriminant and receiver operating characteristic analyses. A significant negative correlation was found between mean ADCs of tumors in the peripheral zone and their Gleason scores (P = .003; Spearman ρ = -0.60) and D'Amico clinical risk scores (P < .0001; Spearman ρ = -0.69). ADC was found to distinguish tumors in the peripheral zone with intermediate to high clinical risk from those with low clinical risk with a correct classification rate of 0.73. There is a significant negative correlation between ADCs and Gleason and D'Amico clinical risk scores. ADCs may therefore be useful in predicting the aggressiveness of prostate cancer. Supplemental material:
    Radiology 02/2011; 258(2):488-95. · 6.34 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Inhibition of epidermal growth factor (EGF) and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) pathways may result in synergistic antitumour activity. We designed a phase I study to evaluate the combination of vandetanib, an investigational agent with activity against EGF receptor and VEGF receptor 2, and bevacizumab, a monoclonal antibody against VEGF. Patients with advanced solid tumours and lymphomas were enrolled. Objectives were to determine the safety and maximum tolerated dose of the combination, characterise pharmacokinetics, measure angiogenic marker changes in blood, and assess tumour blood flow using dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (DCE-MRI). Vandetanib was given orally once daily and bevacizumab intravenously once in every 3 weeks in 21-day cycles utilising a standard dose-escalation design. Fifteen patients were enrolled, and a total of 94 cycles of therapy were administered. No protocol-defined dose-limiting toxicities were observed; due to toxicities associated with chronic dosing, hypertension, proteinuria, diarrhoea and anorexia, dose escalation was stopped at the second dose level. We observed one partial response and one minor response; 9 patients experienced stable disease. There were significant changes in plasma VEGF and placental-derived growth factor levels, and decreases in K(trans) and k(ep) were observed by DCE-MRI. In this trial, we safely combined two targeted agents that cause dual blockade of the VEGF pathway, demonstrated preliminary evidence of clinical activity, and conducted correlative studies demonstrating anti-angiogenic effect. The recommended phase II dose was established as vandetanib 200 mg daily and bevacizumab 7.5 mg/kg every 3 weeks.
    European journal of cancer (Oxford, England: 1990) 01/2011; 47(7):997-1005. · 4.12 Impact Factor
  • Gastroenterology 01/2011; 140(5). · 12.82 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Prostate cancer is a common cancer in men and continues to be a major health problem. Imaging plays an important role in the clinical management of patients with prostate cancer. An important goal for prostate cancer imaging is more accurate disease characterization through the synthesis of anatomic, functional, and molecular imaging information. Positron emission tomography (PET)/computed tomography (CT) in oncology is emerging as an important imaging tool. The most common radiotracer for PET/CT in oncology, (18)F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG), is not very useful in the imaging of prostate cancer. However, in recent years other PET tracers have improved the accuracy of PET/CT imaging of prostate cancer. Among these, choline labeled with (18)F or (11)C, (11)C-acetate, and (18)F-fluoride has demonstrated promising results, and other new radiopharmaceuticals are under development and evaluation in preclinical and clinical studies. Large prospective clinical PET/CT trials are needed to establish the role of PET/CT in prostate cancer patients. Because there are only limited available therapeutic options for patients with advanced metastatic prostate cancer, there is an urgent need for the development of more effective treatment modalities that could improve outcome. Prostate cancer represents an attractive target for radioimmunotherapy (RIT) for several reasons, including pattern of metastatic spread (lymph nodes and bone marrow, sites with good access to circulating antibodies) and small volume disease (ideal for antigen access and antibody delivery). Furthermore, prostate cancer is also radiation sensitive. Prostate-specific membrane antigen is expressed by virtually all prostate cancers, and represents an attractive target for RIT. Antiprostate-specific membrane antigen RIT demonstrates antitumor activity and is well tolerated. Clinical trials are underway to further improve upon treatment efficacy and patient selection. This review focuses on the recent advances of clinical PET/CT imaging and RIT of prostate cancer.
    Seminars in nuclear medicine 01/2011; 41(1):29-44. · 3.96 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Atlas selection and combination are two critical factors affecting the performance of atlas-based segmentation methods. In the existing works, those tasks are completed in the original image space. However, the intrinsic similarity between the images may not be accurately reflected by the Euclidean distance in this high-dimensional space. Thus, the selected atlases may be away from the input image and the generated template by combining those atlases for segmentation can be misleading. In this paper, we propose to select and combine atlases by projecting the images onto a low-dimensional manifold. With this approach, atlases can be selected according to their intrinsic similarity to the patient image. A novel method is also proposed to compute the weights for more efficiently combining the selected atlases to achieve better segmentation performance. The experimental results demonstrated that our proposed method is robust and accurate, especially when the number of training samples becomes large.
    Medical image computing and computer-assisted intervention : MICCAI ... International Conference on Medical Image Computing and Computer-Assisted Intervention. 01/2011; 14(Pt 3):272-9.
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    ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE To develop a system that documents the location of transrectal ultrasonography (TRUS)-guided prostate biopsies by fusing them to MRI scans obtained prior to biopsy, as the actual location of prostate biopsies is rarely known. PATIENTS AND METHODS Fifty patients (median age 61) with a median prostate-specific antigen (PSA) of 5.8 ng/ml underwent 3T endorectal coil MRI prior to biopsy. 3D TRUS images were obtained just prior to standard TRUS-guided 12-core sextant biopsies wherein an electromagnetic positioning device was attached to the needle guide and TRUS probe in order to track the position of each needle pass. The 3D-TRUS image documenting the location of each biopsy was fused electronically to the T2-weighted MRI. Each biopsy needle track was marked on the TRUS images and these were then transposed onto the MRI. Each biopsy site was classified pathologically as positive or negative for cancer and the Gleason score was determined. RESULTS The location of all (n= 605) needle biopsy tracks was successfully documented on the T2-weighted (T2W) MRI. Among 50 patients, 20 had 56 positive cores. At the sites of biopsy, T2W signal was considered 'positive' for cancer (i.e. low in signal intensity) in 34 of 56 sites. CONCLUSION It is feasible to document the location of TRUS-guided prostate biopsies on pre-procedure MRI by fusing the pre-procedure TRUS to an endorectal coil MRI using electromagnetic needle tracking. This procedure may be useful in documenting the location of prior biopsies, improving quality control and thereby avoiding under-sampling of the prostate as well as directing subsequent biopsies to regions of the prostate not previously sampled.
    BJU International 01/2011; 107(1):53-7. · 3.05 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

16k Citations
2,543.36 Total Impact Points


  • 1990–2014
    • National Institutes of Health
      • • Center for Cancer Research
      • • Laboratory of Pathology
      • • Center for Interventional Oncology
      • • Branch of Metabolism
      Maryland, United States
  • 1970–2014
    • National Cancer Institute (USA)
      • • Molecular Imaging Program
      • • Laboratory of Pathology
      • • Genetic Epidemiology
      • • Surgery Branch
      Maryland, United States
  • 2013
    • The Jikei University School of Medicine
      • Department of Internal Medicine H
      Tokyo, Tokyo-to, Japan
    • University of Helsinki
      Helsinki, Southern Finland Province, Finland
  • 2001–2013
    • NCI-Frederick
      • Laboratory of Pathology
      Maryland, United States
  • 1998–2013
    • Leidos Biomedical Research
      Maryland, United States
    • University of Pennsylvania
      Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States
  • 2012
    • Texas Christian University
      • Department of Chemistry
      Fort Worth, TX, United States
    • Aarhus University Hospital
      • Department of Nuclear Medicine & PET-Centre
      Århus, Central Jutland, Denmark
  • 2004–2012
    • Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University
      • Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering
      Blacksburg, VA, United States
  • 2011
    • Osaka Prefecture University
      • Nanoscience and Nanotechnology Research Center
      Sakai, Osaka-fu, Japan
    • Conselleria de Sanidade
      La Corogne, Galicia, Spain
    • United States Army
      Washington, West Virginia, United States
  • 2010–2011
    • University of Copenhagen
      • Department of Clinical Biochemistry
      København, Capital Region, Denmark
    • Boston Children's Hospital
      Boston, Massachusetts, United States
  • 2007–2011
    • The University of Tokyo
      • • Faculty & Graduate School of Medicine
      • • Faculty and Graduate School of Pharmaceutical Sciences
      Tokyo, Tokyo-to, Japan
    • Howard Hughes Medical Institute
      Ashburn, Virginia, United States
    • Virginia State University
      Petersburg, Virginia, United States
    • University of South Dakota
      Vermillion, South Dakota, United States
  • 2006–2010
    • National Human Genome Research Institute
      Maryland, United States
  • 2008
    • Roswell Park Cancer Institute
      • Department of Radiation Medicine
      Buffalo, New York, United States
  • 2007–2008
    • Philips
      Eindhoven, North Brabant, Netherlands
  • 2003–2004
    • Robert Wood Johnson University Hospital
      New Brunswick, New Jersey, United States
    • The Ohio State University
      • Department of Radiology
      Columbus, OH, United States
    • CSU Mentor
      Long Beach, California, United States
  • 2000–2004
    • Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences
      • • Department of Radiology & Radiological Sciences
      • • Department of Radiobiology
      Bethesda, MD, United States
  • 1986–2004
    • Georgetown University
      • Department of Radiology
      Washington, D. C., DC, United States
    • Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania
      • Department of Radiology
      Philadelphia, PA, United States
  • 2002
    • National Eye Institute
      Maryland, United States
    • George Mason University
      • Department of Computational and Data Sciences
      Fairfax, VA, United States
  • 1999–2002
    • GE India Industrial Pvt. Ltd.
      New Dilli, NCT, India
  • 1996
    • University of Alabama in Huntsville
      • Department of Computer Science
      Huntsville, Alabama, United States
  • 1995
    • Henry M Jackson Foundation
      Maryland City, Maryland, United States
  • 1992
    • The National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases
      Maryland, United States