Danièle Meunier

Agence Française de Sécurité Sanitaire des Produits de Santé, Lutetia Parisorum, Île-de-France, France

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Publications (18)47.46 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Feces from 2,255 cattle (calves, young beef cattle, and culled cows) were collected at slaughter from nine departments across France. Campylobacter was recovered from 16.5% of the 2,255 samples (C. jejuni from 12.8% and C. coli from 3.7%), predominantly from calves. Antimicrobial resistance to six antibiotics of medical and/or veterinary interest was tested with the E-test. Resistance to tetracycline was found in most isolates (52.8% of C. jejuni isolates and 88.1% of C. coli isolates) in contrast to low but consistent resistance to ampicillin and erythromycin. Only two C. coli isolates were resistant to gentamicin. Multiple resistance was frequently detected in C. jejuni and C. coli isolates, and 0.8% (3 of 372) of the isolates were resistant to five of the six antimicrobials. An upward trend in the resistance to quinolones and fluoroquinolones in C. jejuni from calves was found; resistance to nalidixic acid reached 70.4% in 2006 and fluoroquinolone resistance increased from 29.7 to 70.4% during 2002 through 2006. All data were analyzed in parallel using clinical breakpoints or epidemiological cutoff values, and the results overlapped largely, except those for gentamicin. This 5-year survey (2002 through 2006) gives the first overview of the prevalence and antimicrobial resistance of C. jejuni and C. coli in cattle in France and documents to what extent cattle may contribute to the environmental reservoir of Campylobacter in France in the context of recurrent reports on links between human campylobacterioses and livestock. The results underline a notable increase in the resistance to fluoroquinolones in C. jejuni from cattle that may be of significant importance for public health.
    Journal of food protection 05/2010; 73(5):825-31. · 1.83 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We report here the results of the survey of antimicrobial resistance in 148 serotype Typhimurium strains isolated from cattle in France from 2002 to 2007 and displaying more than two antimicrobial resistances. Salmonella enterica serotype Typhimurium of definitive phage type 104 strains that are commonly resistant to ampicillin-amoxicillin, chloramphenicol-florfenicol, streptomycin-spectinomycin, sulfonamides, and tetracycline (ACSSuT phenotype) harbored resistance genes clustered on a complex class 1 integron In104 of the Salmonella genomic island 1 (SGI1). In our isolates, the most common antimicrobial resistance pattern was ACSSuT (77.7%) or ACSSuT combined to additional resistances. SGI1 was detected in 143 strains and constituted thus the main structure involved in resistance to antimicrobials in these strains. In spite of the high recombination potential of In104, SGI1 variability was quite limited among these strains since only two SGI1 variants, SGI1-B and SGI1-C, were identified. One hundred and thirty-eight out of the 143 SGI1-positive isolates belonged to the DT104 complex. Pulsed-field gel electrophoresis profile A was the most prevalent in 135 SGI1-positive isolates, confirming the diffusion of the DT104 clone. However, changes in phages susceptibility have occurred in three serotype Typhimurium strains of phage type DT12, as they displayed the same pulsed-field gel electrophoresis profile as the SGI1-positive serotype Typhimurium DT104. No variant harboring an additional resistance gene was identified, but the risk of recombination between SGI1 and any other mobile structure carrying other antimicrobial resistance genes is still an issue in serotype Typhimurium.
    Foodborne Pathogens and Disease 04/2010; 7(4):419-25. · 2.28 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: This study was designed to determine the genetic basis of florfenicol and ceftiofur resistance in Escherichia coli isolates recovered from French cattle. In these isolates, ceftiofur resistance was conferred by bla(CMY-2) located on three distinct conjugative plasmids on a specific DNA fragment, ISEcp1-bla(CMY-2)-blc- sugE. Two of the plasmids also carried the floR gene conferring resistance to florfenicol. The floR gene was shown to be associated with the insertion sequence ISCR2. Mobile elements appear to contribute to the mobilization of floR and bla(CMY-2) genes in E. coli. The presence of bla(CMY-2) and floR on the same plasmid highlights the potential risk for a co-selection of the bla(CMY-2) gene through the use of florfenicol in food animal production.
    Journal of Medical Microbiology 04/2010; 59(Pt 4):467-71. · 2.30 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Multiresistance is a critical issue. This study points out the usefulness of cluster analysis techniques to describe concisely the antimicrobial susceptibility patterns of bacterial isolates in a way that could effectively help in generating hypotheses on multiresistance mechanisms. Data were selected from the French antimicrobial resistance survey network on veterinary pathogens (Resapath). They were related to 1545 Escherichia coli isolates, which were isolated from faecal samples of diarrhoeic calves in France between 2002 and 2006. Ten clusters of isolates displaying similar features in terms of resistance profile to 13 relevant antimicrobials were computed. The presence of two to ten simultaneous resistances was detected in nine out of the ten clusters. Looking at potential mechanistic interpretations, results may suggest genetic links between some resistance mechanisms, but this should be confirmed by molecular investigation of the corresponding isolates. Looking at therapeutical potential implications, the high level of resistance and multiresistance to several antimicrobials observed in E. coli makes a critical reassessment of empiric oral antimicrobial therapy in calves highly desirable.
    Zoonoses and Public Health 11/2009; 57(3):204-10. · 2.09 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The goal of this study was to assess the presence of enterococci species presenting van-mediated glycopeptide resistance in French cattle. Fecal samples were collected from healthy and sick animals, and enterococci were screened for vancomycin resistance. Vancomycin resistance was principally encountered in Enterococcus gallinarum and Enterococcus casseliflavus strains. However, glycopeptide resistance was detected in three different species of enterococci (E. faecalis, E. faecium, and E. casseliflavus). Molecular characterization of the genetic support proved that they all presented the prototypic VanA element. Interestingly, the E. casseliflavus strain displayed a remarkable VanB phenotype/vanA-vanC genotype. Transferability, associated resistances, and factors of vanA cotransfer were sought. This study proved that acquired vanA genes can still be detected in food-producing animals more than a decade after the avoparcin ban. Indeed, calves, which are recurrently exposed to antibiotics in France, may allow the re-emergence of glycopeptide resistance through coselection factors, and this might potentially be concerning for human health.
    Foodborne Pathogens and Disease 09/2009; 6(9):1107-11. · 2.28 Impact Factor
  • Claire Maurer, Daniele Meunier, Jean-Yves Madec
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    ABSTRACT: Enrofloxacin-resistant mutants of Stx2-producing Escherichia coli O157:H7 from cattle were selected. Mutants produced threefold higher Stx2 levels than native strains after induction with enrofloxacin. Mutants were also inducible using hundredfold higher enrofloxacin concentrations than the ones used for native strains. These results suggest that Escherichia coli O157:H7 from cattle may become more frequently pathogenic to humans as a side effect of the increasing use of veterinary fluoroquinolones.
    Foodborne Pathogens and Disease 04/2009; 6(2):257-9. · 2.28 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The project "Antibiotic resistance in bacteria of animal origin - II" (ARBAO-II) was funded by the European Union (FAIR5-QLK2-2002-01146) for the period 2003-2005, with the aim to establish a continuous monitoring of antimicrobial susceptibility among veterinary laboratories in European countries based on validated and harmonised methodologies. Available summary data of the susceptibility testing of the bacterial pathogens from the different laboratories were collected. Antimicrobial susceptibility data for several bovine pathogens were obtained over a three year period (2002-2004). Each year the participating laboratories were requested to fill in excel-file templates with national summary data on the occurrence of antimicrobial resistance from different bacterial species.A proficiency test (EQAS - external quality assurance system) for antimicrobial susceptibility testing was conducted each year to test the accuracy of antimicrobial susceptibility testing in the participating laboratories. The data from this testing demonstrated that for the species included in the EQAS the results are comparable between countries. Data from 25,241 isolates were collected from 13 European countries. For Staphylococcus aureus from bovine mastitis major differences were apparent in the occurrence of resistance between countries and between the different antimicrobial agents tested. The highest frequency of resistance was observed for penicillin. For Mannheimia haemolytica resistance to ampicillin, tetracycline and trimethoprim/sulphonamide were observed in France, the Netherlands and Portugal. All isolates of Pasteurella multocida isolated in Finland and most of those from Denmark, England (and Wales), Italy and Sweden were susceptible to the majority of the antimicrobials. Streptococcus dysgalactiae and Streptococcus uberis isolates from Sweden were fully susceptible. For the other countries some resistance was observed to tetracycline, gentamicin and erythromycin. More resistance and variation of the resistance levels between countries were observed for Escherichia coli compared to the other bacterial species investigated. In general, isolates from Denmark, England (and Wales), the Netherlands, Norway, Sweden and Switzerland showed low frequencies of resistance, whereas many isolates from Belgium, France, Italy, Latvia and Spain were resistant to most antimicrobials tested. In the future, data on the prevalence of resistance should be used to develop guidelines for appropriate antimicrobial use in veterinary medicine.
    Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica 08/2008; 50:28. · 1.00 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The Red recombinase system of bacteriophage Lambda has been used to inactivate chromosomal genes in bacteria using PCR products. In this study, we describe the replacement of the ampicillin resistance marker of helper plasmids pKD46 and pCP20 by a gentamicin resistance gene to disrupt chromosomal genes and then to eliminate FRT flanked resistance gene in multiple antibiotic-resistant Salmonella enterica strains.
    Journal of Microbiological Methods 07/2008; 75(2):359-61. · 2.16 Impact Factor
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    Journal of clinical microbiology 05/2008; 46(4):1566-7. · 4.16 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Clinical Escherichia coli strains with resistance or variable susceptibility to third-generation cephalosporins were detected in cattle, swine and poultry in France. These strains were shown to produce extended-spectrum beta-lactamases (ESBLs), with CTX-M-1- and CTX-M-15-type beta-lactamases being responsible for this phenotype. The bla(CTX-M-1) gene was encountered most commonly and was characterised in seven E. coli strains isolated from cattle, swine and poultry, whereas bla(CTX-M-15) was identified in one E. coli isolated from cattle. These genes were located on a conjugative plasmid and were linked to the insertion sequence ISEcp1, which could have contributed to dissemination of the resistance gene. No epidemiological link between the strains was determined by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis, although two plasmids were identical in two strains isolated from swine and in two strains isolated from cattle and poultry. Thus, this study describes the emergence of ESBLs in animals in France, with a probable similar prevalence rate to that observed in humans. This is a major concern because of the possibility of transfer of these genes between animal species as well as to humans, leading to treatment failures in veterinary and human medicine.
    International Journal of Antimicrobial Agents 12/2006; 28(5):402-7. · 4.42 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A florfenicol-resistant Pasteurella trehalosi isolate from a calf was investigated for the presence and the location of the gene floR. The P. trehalosi isolate 13698 was investigated for its in vitro susceptibility to antimicrobial agents and its plasmid content. A 14.9 kb plasmid, designated pCCK13698, was identified by transformation into Pasteurella multocida to mediate resistance to florfenicol, chloramphenicol and sulphonamides. The plasmid was sequenced completely and analysed for its structure and organization. Plasmid pCCK13698 exhibited extended similarity to plasmid pHS-Rec from Haemophilus parasuis including the region carrying the parA, repB, rec and int genes. Moreover, it revealed similarities to plasmid RSF1010 in the parts covering the mobC and repA-repC genes and to plasmid pMVSCS1 in the parts covering the sul2-catA3-strA gene cluster. Moreover, the floR gene area corresponded to that of transposon TnfloR. In addition, two complete insertion sequences were detected that were highly similar to IS1593 from Mannheimia haemolytica and IS26 from Enterobacteriaceae. Several potential recombination sites were identified that might explain the development of plasmid pCCK13698 by recombination events. The results of this study showed that in the bovine pathogen P. trehalosi, floR-mediated resistance to chloramphenicol and florfenicol was associated with a plasmid, which also carried functionally active genes for resistance to sulphonamides (sul2) and chloramphenicol (catA3). This is to the best of our knowledge the first report of resistance genes in P. trehalosi and only the second report of the presence of a florfenicol-resistance gene in target bacteria of the family Pasteurellaceae.
    Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy 08/2006; 58(1):13-7. · 5.34 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Salmonella genomic island 1 (SGI1) contains an antibiotic resistance gene cluster and has been previously identified in multidrug-resistant Salmonella enterica serovars Typhimurium DT104, Agona, and Paratyphi B. We identified a variant SGI1 antibiotic-resistance gene cluster in a multidrug-resistant strain of S. enterica serovar Albany isolated from food fish from Thailand and imported to France. In this strain, the streptomycin resistance aadA2 gene cassette in one of the SGI1 integrons was replaced by a dfrA1 gene cassette, conferring resistance to trimethoprim and an open reading frame of unknown function. Thus, this serovar Albany strain represents the fourth S. enterica serovar in which SGI1 has been identified and the first SGI1 example where gene cassette replacement took place in one of its integron structures. The antibiotic resistance gene cluster of serovar Albany strain 7205.00 constitutes a new SGI1 variant; we propose a name of SGI1-F.
    Emerging infectious diseases 06/2003; 9(5):585-91. · 5.99 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Florfenicol resistance has emerged over the past few years in multidrug-resistant Salmonella enterica serovars Typhimurium, Agona and Paratyphi B. The floR gene encoding florfenicol resistance is chromosomally located in these serovars within a genomic island of 43 kb called SGI1 (Salmonella genomic island 1). In the present study, we characterized florfenicol resistance in a strain of S. enterica serovar Newport isolated from a turkey in 1990 and that lacked SGI1. Florfenicol resistance was mediated by a conjugative plasmid related to R55 from Klebsiella pneumoniae, which was characterized initially in the 1970s and harbours a gene 95% identical to floR.
    Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy 05/2003; 51(4):1007-9. · 5.34 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We have identified Salmonella genomic island I (SGI1) in an isolate of Salmonella enterica serotype Paratyphi B. This antibiotic-resistance gene cluster, which confers multidrug resistance, has been previously identified in S. enterica serotype Typhimurium phage types DT 104 and DT 120 and in S. enterica serotype Agona.
    Emerging infectious diseases 05/2002; 8(4):430-3. · 5.99 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Background: The project "Antibiotic resistance in bacteria of animal origin – II" (ARBAO-II) was funded by the European Union (FAIR5-QLK2-2002-01146) for the period 2003–2005, with the aim to establish a continuous monitoring of antimicrobial susceptibility among veterinary laboratories in European countries based on validated and harmonised methodologies. Available summary data of the susceptibility testing of the bacterial pathogens from the different laboratories were collected. Method: Antimicrobial susceptibility data for several bovine pathogens were obtained over a three year period (2002–2004). Each year the participating laboratories were requested to fill in excelfile templates with national summary data on the occurrence of antimicrobial resistance from different bacterial species. A proficiency test (EQAS – external quality assurance system) for antimicrobial susceptibility testing was conducted each year to test the accuracy of antimicrobial susceptibility testing in the participating laboratories. The data from this testing demonstrated that for the species included in the EQAS the results are comparable between countries. Results: Data from 25,241 isolates were collected from 13 European countries. For Staphylococcus aureus from bovine mastitis major differences were apparent in the occurrence of resistance between countries and between the different antimicrobial agents tested. The highest frequency of resistance was observed for penicillin. For Mannheimia haemolytica resistance to ampicillin, tetracycline and trimethoprim/sulphonamide were observed in France, the Netherlands and Portugal. All isolates of Pasteurella multocida isolated in Finland and most of those from Denmark, England (and Wales), Italy and Sweden were susceptible to the majority of the antimicrobials. Streptococcus dysgalactiae and Streptococcus uberis isolates from Sweden were fully susceptible. For the other countries some resistance was observed to tetracycline, gentamicin and erythromycin. More resistance and variation of the resistance levels between countries were observed for Escherichia coli compared to the other bacterial species investigated. Conclusion: In general, isolates from Denmark, England (and Wales), the Netherlands, Norway, Sweden and Switzerland showed low frequencies of resistance, whereas many isolates from Belgium, France, Italy, Latvia and Spain were resistant to most antimicrobials tested. In the future, data on the prevalence of resistance should be used to develop guidelines for appropriate antimicrobial use in veterinary medicine.
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    ABSTRACT: SUMMARY : A national veterinary surveillance network named Resapath monitors resistance to antimicrobial agents in the main pathogenic bacteria isolated from diseased cattle, swine and poultry in France. The aims of Resapath network are the detection of antimicrobial resistance emergence and the monitoring of its evolution over time and space. With the aim of constantly improving the network, a detailed description of its organisation and production has been elaborated, based mainly on the process described by B. Dufour and P. Hendrikx (Dufour and Hendrickx, 2005). If not consisting in a true network assessment, this work allowed for identification of the limits of data interpretation and for new proposals aiming at improvement of the network functioning.
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