Matthew C Cheung

Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre, Toronto, Ontario, Canada

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Publications (52)186.62 Total impact

  • Transfusion 09/2014; · 3.53 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We conducted a systematic review to determine the appropriate use of bortezomib alone or in combination with other agents in patients with multiple myeloma (mm). We searched medline, embase, the Cochrane Library, conference proceedings, and the reference lists of included studies. We analyzed randomized controlled trials and systematic reviews if they involved adult mm patients treated with bortezomib and if they reported on survival, disease control, response, quality of life, or adverse effects. Twenty-six unique studies met the inclusion criteria. For patients with previously untreated mm and for candidates for transplantation, we found a statistically significant benefit in time to progression [hazard ratio (hr): 0.48, p < 0.001; and hr: 0.63, p = 0.006, respectively] and a better response with a bortezomib than with a non-bortezomib regimen (p < 0.001). Progression-free survival was longer with bortezomib and thalidomide than with thalidomide alone (p = 0.01). In non-candidates for transplantation, a significant benefit in overall survival was observed with a bortezomib regimen (hr compared with a non-bortezomib regimen: 0.61; p = 0.008), and in transplantation candidates receiving bortezomib, the response rate was improved after induction (p = 0.004) and after a first transplant (p = 0.016). In relapsed or refractory mm, overall survival (p = 0.03), time to progression (hr: 1.82; p = 0.000004), and progression-free survival (hr: 1.69; p = 0.000026) were significantly improved with bortezomib and pegylated liposomal doxorubicin (compared with bortezomib alone), and bortezomib monotherapy was better than dexamethasone alone (hr: 0.77; p = 0.027). Bortezomib combined with thalidomide and dexamethasone was better than either bortezomib monotherapy or thalidomide with dexamethasone (p < 0.001). In previously untreated or in relapsed or refractory mm patients, bortezomib-based therapy has improved disease control and, in some patients, overall survival.
    Current oncology (Toronto, Ont.). 08/2014; 21(4):e573-603.
  • Leukemia & lymphoma. 05/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: To determine overall utilization and costs associated with home care services in Ontario, Canada by linking a home care database to a stage IV colorectal cancer cohort.
    The Journal of community and supportive oncology. 03/2014; 12(3):92-8.
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    ABSTRACT: ABSTRACT Follicular lymphoma (FL) is characterized by initial response to treatment with inevitable relapse. We evaluated chemoimmunotherapy resistance (CIR resistance) including transformation. We identified patients who received rituximab combination therapy for symptomatic FL. CIR resistance was defined as disease progression during rituximab-based chemoimmunotherapy, rituximab maintenance or within 6 months of treatment completion. Our primary outcome was time to early progression (CIR resistance). Between July 2006 and April 2010, 132 patients met inclusion criteria and 22 (16.7%) demonstrated CIR resistance with median follow-up of 33 months. High-risk FLIPI score was predictive of CIR resistance (HR 2.43; 95% CI, 1.4 to 4.1; P = 0.001). Overall, 8 patients (36.3%) transformed (biopsy-proven) with no transformation in the chemoimmunotherapy responder group. Median overall survival in the CIR resistant group was 47 months. Patients with CIR resistance had high rates of histologic transformation and shorter survival with poor response to next therapy.
    Leukemia & lymphoma 01/2014; · 2.61 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In the pre-rituximab era, transformation of indolent B-cell lymphoma to diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) was associated with an extremely poor outcome and a median post-transformation survival ranging from 1 to 2 years. We evaluated the impact of rituximab-cyclophosphamide, adriamycin, vincristine, prednisone (R-CHOP) on the survival outcomes of transformed lymphoma compared with de novo DLBCL. Between 2002 and 2010, 317 DLBCL patients who were consecutively diagnosed and treated with R-CHOP were identified at our institution. Patients with transformed lymphoma were included if they had not previously received R-CHOP. Patient characteristics, treatment, and outcome data were retrospectively collected. Sixty patients (19 %) had transformed lymphoma of which 37 (62 %) had transformed from follicular lymphoma, 50 (83 %) were chemotherapy naïve, and 58 (96 %) were rituximab naïve at the time of treatment. With a median follow-up of 31.4 months, 231 patients achieved either complete response or complete response unconfirmed (73 %) with no significant difference between de novo DLBCL (n = 192, 75 %) and the transformed group (n = 39, 65 %) (P = 0.25). Six patients (15 %) relapsed in the transformed group at a median time to relapse of 29.3 months. The 2-year and 5-year overall survivals for all patients were 82 and 72 %, respectively. The overall and progression-free survivals for transformed lymphoma and de novo DLBCL were not statistically different (P = 0.45 and P = 0.38, respectively). With R-CHOP chemotherapy, the prognosis of transformed lymphoma in patients with minimal chemotherapy exposure for indolent disease is similar to that of de novo DLBCL.
    Annals of Hematology 01/2014; · 2.87 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Metronomic, low dose chemotherapy may have anti-angiogenic effects and augment the effects of lenalidomide in MDS and CMML. We evaluated the clinical efficacy, tolerability and anti-angiogenic effects of melphalan 2 mg and lenalidomide 10 mg for 21 days/28 in CMML (n = 12) and higher risk MDS (n = 8) patients in a prospective phase II study. The primary endpoint was overall response and secondary endpoints included survival, progression-free survival toxicity and biomarkers of angiogenesis. The median age was 73 years, 55% were pretreated and transfusion dependent. The overall response rate was 3(15%) of 19 evaluable patients but 25% in CMML and 33% in pCMML. Dose reductions and/or delays occurred were common due to myelosuppression. Transient spikes in circulating endothelial cells that declined below baseline were seen in responders and patients with CMML, suggesting anti-angiogenic activity. Conclusions: Lenalidomide and metronomic low dose melphalan demonstrate signals of clinical and possible anti-angiogenic activity in patients with pCMML that require future validation. This trial was registered at under # NCT00744536.
    Leukemia research 01/2014; · 2.36 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The utilization and costs of home care services provided for people with colorectal cancer is not well-known. We conducted an analysis to determine the utilization and costs of such services associated with each stage of colorectal cancer among patients in the province of Ontario.
    CMAJ open. 01/2014; 2(1):E11-7.
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    ABSTRACT: Bortezomib (Velcade™, PS-341), a first-in-class proteasome inhibitor, has been extensively studied either alone or in combination with other agents for the treatment of multiple myeloma. We created a provincial guideline for the use of bortezomib, in newly diagnosed individuals (both eligible and ineligible for transplant) and in individuals with relapsed or refractory multiple myeloma. A systematic review was conducted searching MEDLINE, EMBASE, the Cochrane Library and relevant meeting abstracts. Outcomes of interest were survival, disease control, response rate, response duration, quality of life and adverse effects. Members of the Cancer Care Ontario Hematology Disease Site Group (CCO HDSG), comprising physicians with content expertise, epidemiologists and consumers, developed a guideline through a systematic process that involved assessment of the best available evidence, consensus interpretation of the evidence and a validation process involving practitioners across the province. The CCO HDSG recommends the use of bortezomib-based combinations in previously untreated patients with multiple myeloma who are candidates for autologous stem cell transplantation and in individuals who are ineligible for autologous stem cell transplantation. The group further recommends the use of bortezomib, alone or in combination, for patients with relapsed/refractory disease. The evidence did not establish a subgroup of patients with myeloma that should be uniquely targeted for therapy with bortezomib. Qualifying statements by the HDSG address alternative dosing options, the management of cytopenias and the prevention of toxicities, including herpes zoster reactivation. Bortezomib alone or in combination with other agents can be recommended for both previously untreated or relapsed/refractory patients with multiple myeloma. Guidelines for monitoring and reducing toxicity are provided.
    Clinical Oncology 12/2013; · 2.86 Impact Factor
  • K K Chan, E Siu, L Mozessohn, M C Cheung
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    ABSTRACT: To be useful to policymakers and stakeholders, cost-effectiveness analyses (ceas) should be published in a timely manner and without bias. The aims of the present study were to examine the time between conference abstract presentation and subsequent publication, to determine the factors associated with time to publication, to evaluate potential publication bias, and to examine discrepancies in the results between abstract and publication. Abstracts of ceas presented at the annual meetings of the American Society of Clinical Oncology (asco), the American Society of Hematology (ash), and the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research (ispor) between 1997 and 2007 were reviewed. Time-to-event analysis was performed to assess the timeliness of publication and to examine factors associated with time to publication. Summary statistics were used to assess discrepancies in incremental cost-effectiveness ratios (icers) between abstract and publication. Of 164 abstracts identified, 65 (39.6%) were subsequently published. The 1-, 2-, 3-, and 5-year publication rates were 12.8%, 25%, 34.2%, and 40.5% respectively. Abstracts were more likely to be published if presented at asco than at ispor (hazard ratio: 1.94; p = 0.038). There was no direct evidence of publication bias for abstracts with favourable icers. Comparing icers between abstracts and publications, the mean absolute difference was 23.8%; 50% of studies had a change in icer exceeding 10%. Publication rates for ceas were low, and publication was not timely with respect to informing the decision-making process for funding. Abstract results often differed from publication results and cannot reliably be used in the decision-making process for funding.
    Current Oncology 12/2013; 20(6):319-325. · 1.63 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Febrile neutropenia is a serious toxicity of cancer chemotherapy that is usually treated in hospital. We assessed the cost-effectiveness of filgrastim and pegfilgrastim as primary prophylaxis against febrile neutropenia in diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) patients undergoing chemotherapy. We used a Markov model that followed patients through induction chemotherapy to compare the three prophylaxis strategies: 1) no primary prophylaxis against febrile neutropenia; 2) primary prophylaxis with 10 days of filgrastim therapy; and 3) primary prophylaxis with a single dose of pegfilgrastim. The target population was a hypothetical cohort of 64-year-old men and women with DLBCL. Data sources included published literature and current clinical practice. The analysis was conducted from a publicly funded health-care system perspective. The main outcome measures included costs, quality-adjusted life years (QALYs), and incremental cost-effectiveness ratios (ICERs). In the base-case analysis, costs associated with no primary prophylaxis, primary prophylaxis with 10 days of filgrastim, and primary prophylaxis with pegfilgrastim were CaD $7314, CaD $13947, and CaD $16290, respectively. The QALYs associated with the three strategies were 0.2004, 0.2015, and 0.2024, respectively. The ICER for the filgrastim vs no primary prophylaxis strategy was CaD $5796000 per QALY. The ICER for the pegfilgrastim vs filgrastim primary prophylaxis strategy was CaD $2611000 per QALY. All one-way sensitivity analyses yielded ICERs greater than CaD $400000 per QALY. Cost-effectiveness acceptability curves show that 20.0% of iterations are cost-effective at a willingness-to-pay threshold of CaD $1595000 for the filgrastim strategy and CaD $561000 for the pegfilgrastim strategy. Primary prophylaxis against febrile neutropenia with either filgrastim or pegfilgrastim is not cost-effective in DLBCL patients.
    CancerSpectrum Knowledge Environment 07/2013; · 14.07 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: ABSTRACT Current practice guidelines are unclear regarding the role of secondary prophylaxis of febrile neutropenia in advanced-stage Hodgkin lymphoma despite several small retrospective studies that demonstrate the omission of growth factors to be a safe and economic practice. We used a decision-analytic model to compare secondary prophylaxis with G-CSF to no G-CSF with the onset of severe neutropenia for a hypothetical cohort of patients with advanced-stage Hodgkin lymphoma treated with adriamycin, bleomycin, vinblastine and dacarbazine (ABVD). There was a net benefit of 0.017 years and 0.037 quality-adjusted life years for no G-CSF use in severe neutropenia. On microsimulation (10,000 trials), 96% of the simulations showed that the no G-CSF strategy is preferred to the use of G-CSF. This finding was robust across a wide range of sensitivity analyses. Our analysis suggests that G-CSF not be used as secondary prophylaxis of febrile neutropenia in advanced-stage Hodgkin lymphoma.
    Leukemia & lymphoma 04/2013; · 2.61 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Promising new drugs such as lenalidomide, an immunomodulatory agent, are available for the treatment of multiple myeloma. We describe the process of creating a provincial guideline for the use of lenalidomide, alone or in combination with other drugs, in relapsed, refractory, or newly diagnosed disease (including smoldering and symptomatic patients, and candidates and non-candidates for transplant) and in maintenance treatment (after transplant or non-transplant therapy); and for strategies to manage lenalidomide-related toxicities. Outcomes of interest included overall survival, event-free survival, progression-free survival, time to progression, time to next treatment, response rate, and incidence of serious toxicity. The medline, embase, and Cochrane Library databases, as well as meeting abstracts and the Web sites of relevant organizations, were systematically searched for relevant literature. Recommendations were developed using the evidence from published studies and the clinical expertise of the working group and of the Cancer Care Ontario Hematology Disease Site Group. Lenalidomide in combination with dexamethasone can be recommended for both previously untreated and treated patients with multiple myeloma. Guidelines for the management of cytopenias, venous thromboembolism, and second primary malignancies are discussed.
    Current Oncology 04/2013; 20(2):e136-49. · 1.63 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Gemcitabine and capecitabine (gem-cap), gemcitabine and erlotinib (gem-e), and folfirinox (5-fluorouracil-leucovorin-irinotecan-oxaliplatin) are new treatment options for metastatic pancreatic cancer, but they are also more expensive and potentially more toxic than gemcitabine alone (gem). We conducted a cost-effectiveness analysis of these treatment options compared with gem. A Markov model was constructed to examine costs and outcomes of gem-cap, gem-e, folfirinox, and gem in patients with metastatic pancreatic cancer from the perspective of a government health care plan. Ontario health economic and costing data (2010 Canadian dollars) were used. Efficacy data for the treatments were obtained from the published literature. Resource utilization data were derived from a chart review of consecutive metastatic patients treated for pancreatic cancer at Princess Margaret Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, 2008-2009, and supplemented with data from the literature. Utilities were obtained by surveying medical oncologists across Canada using the EQ-5D. Incremental cost-effectiveness ratios (icers) were calculated. The icers for gem-cap, gem-e, and folfirinox compared with gem were, respectively, CA$84,299, CA$153,631, and CA$133,184 per quality-adjusted life year (qaly). The model was driven mostly by drug acquisition costs. Given a willingness-to-pay (wtp) threshold greater than CA$130,000/qaly, folfirinox was most cost-effective treatment. When the wtp threshold was less than CA$80,000/qaly, gem alone was most cost-effective. The gem-e option was dominated by the other treatments. The most cost-effective treatment for metastatic pancreatic cancer depends on the societal wtp threshold. If the societal wtp threshold were to be relatively high or if drug costs were to be substantially reduced, folfirinox might be cost-effective.
    Current Oncology 04/2013; 20(2):e90-e106. · 1.63 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To determine utilization and costs of home care services (hcs) for individuals with a diagnosis of breast cancer (bc). Incident cases of invasive bc in women were extracted from the Ontario Cancer Registry (2005-2009) and linked with other Ontario health care administrative databases. Control patients were selected from the population of women never diagnosed with any type of cancer. The types and proportions of hcs used were determined and stratified by disease stage. Attributable home care utilization and costs for bc patients were determined. Factors associated with hcs costs were assessed using regression analysis. Among the 39,656 bc and 198,280 control patients identified (median age: 61.6 years for both), 75.4% of bc patients used hcs (62.1% stage i; 85.7% stage ii; 94.6% stage iii; 79.1% stage iv) compared with 14.6% of control patients. The number of hcs used per patient-year were significantly higher for the bc patients than for the control patients (14.97 vs. 6.13, p < 0.01), resulting in higher costs per patient-year ($1,210 vs. $325; $885 attributable cost to bc, p < 0.01). The number of hcs utilized and the associated costs increased as the bc stage increased. In contrast, hcs costs decreased as income increased and as previous health care exposure decreased. Patients with bc used twice as many hcs, resulting in costs that were almost 4 times those observed in a matched control group. Less than an additional $1000 per bc patient per year were spent on hcs utilization in the study population.
    Current Oncology 12/2012; 19(6):e383-91. · 1.63 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Central nervous system (CNS) prophylaxis for diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) is controversial with even less evidence in the era of R-CHOP (rituximab, cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, prednisone) chemotherapy. We reviewed the impact of CNS prophylaxis in DLBCL patients treated with R-CHOP at a tertiary care centre over a 7-year period. CNS prophylaxis was recommended for 'higher risk' patients and consisted of intrathecal methotrexate and/or high-dose methotrexate. Of 214 patients 12·6% received CNS prophylaxis. With a median follow-up of 27 months, eight patients (3·7%) developed CNS relapse (75% isolated to the CNS and 62·5% as parenchymal brain disease) at a median time of 17 months. Patients who did not receive CNS prophylaxis had lower events (2·7%) than those who did (11·1%). Half of the CNS relapses occurred in testicular lymphoma patients, 75% of whom had received CNS prophylaxis. In multivariate analysis, testicular involvement was the only significant prognostic factor for CNS relapse (hazard ratio 33·5, P < 0·001). In conclusion, CNS relapse in DLBCL appears to present as a later, more isolated parenchymal event and at a lower rate in the rituximab era compared with historical data. R-CHOP may negate the need for CNS prophylaxis with the exception of testicular lymphoma.
    British Journal of Haematology 07/2012; 159(1):39-49. · 4.94 Impact Factor
  • Anca Prica, Kelvin Chan, Matthew C Cheung
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    ABSTRACT: In immunocompetent patients with primary central nervous system (CNS) lymphoma, combined modality therapy (CMT) using high-dose methotrexate and whole brain radiotherapy has improved response rates compared to chemotherapy alone. The trade-off is delayed and potentially devastating treatment-related neurotoxicity. A Markov decision-analytic model compared CMT to chemotherapy alone in patients with primary CNS lymphoma. Baseline probabilities were derived from a systematic literature review. Outcomes were life expectancy and quality-adjusted life expectancy. Sensitivity analyses were performed. The life expectancy was 2·69 years for CMT and 2·77 years for chemotherapy alone. The quality-adjusted life expectancies for the two strategies were 1·70 and 1·67 quality-adjusted life years (QALYs) respectively. In younger patients <60 years of age, CMT yielded a quality-adjusted life expectancy of 2·71 QALYs, compared to 2·09 QALYs for chemotherapy alone, yielding an expected benefit with CMT of 0·62 QALYs or 7·4 quality-adjusted months. There was no difference between the strategies in the older group. The model was robust to key variables for the younger group. The preferred induction strategy for younger patients appears to be CMT, maximizing life expectancy, and QALYs. This analysis confirms that the preferred strategy for older patients is chemotherapy alone.
    British Journal of Haematology 06/2012; 158(5):600-7. · 4.94 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Studies have demonstrated that patients at low risk for febrile neutropenia (FN) complications can be treated safely and effectively at home. Information on patient preferences for outpatient treatment of this condition will help to optimize health care delivery to these patients. The purpose of this study was to elicit non-Hodgkin lymphoma patients' preferences on attributes related to outpatient treatment of FN. METHODS: We used a self-administered discrete choice experiment questionnaire based on the attributes of out-of-pocket costs, unpaid caregiver time required daily, and probability of return to the hospital. Ten paired scenarios in which levels of the attributes were varied were presented to study patients. For each pair, patients indicated the scenario they preferred. Adjusted odds ratios (ORs) of accepting a scenario that described outpatient care for FN were estimated. RESULTS: Eighty-eight patients completed the questionnaire. Adjusted ORs [95 % confidence intervals] of accepting outpatient care for FN were 0.84 [0.75, 0.95] for each $10 increase in out-of-pocket cost; 0.82 [0.68, 0.99] for each 1 h increase in daily unpaid caregiver time; and 0.53 [0.50, 0.57] for each 5 % increase in probability of return to the hospital. CONCLUSIONS: Probability of return to the hospital was the most important attribute to patients when considering home-based care for FN. Patients considered out-of-pocket costs and unpaid caregiver time to be less important than probability of return to the hospital. This study identifies factors that could be incorporated into outpatient delivery systems for FN care to ensure adequate patient uptake and satisfaction with such programs.
    Supportive Care in Cancer 06/2012; · 2.09 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The incidence of Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) is rising among individuals infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Standard treatment regimens include vinblastine, which is known to cause neurotoxicity (NT) and is metabolized by cytochrome 3A4 (CYP3A4). This is inhibited by protease inhibitors (PIs), possibly increasing vinblastine exposure. There is little information on how interactions affect clinical outcome. A retrospective review of 32 patients with HIV-HL receiving chemotherapy with curative intent was performed to identify the frequency and risk factors for NT, hematologic toxicity (HT) and lung toxicity (LT). Treatment was: ABVD (doxorubicin, bleomycin, vinblastine, dacarbazine) in 90%, MOPP/ABV (mechlorethamine, vincristine, procarbazine, prednisone/doxorubicin, bleomycin, vinblastine) in 10% and HAART (highly active anti-retroviral therapy) in 63%. Seventeen potential risk factors and 18 individual anti-retroviral (ARV) agents were examined, and only ritonavir or lopinavir use was found to have a significant association with toxicity. Grade 3-4 NT occurred in five patients, grade 3-4 HT in 17, infectious complications in 10 and bleomycin LT in three. Ritonavir and lopinavir use was associated with grade 3-4 NT (p = 0.03 and p = 0.01, respectively), and ritonavir with any HT (p = 0.04). Patients with HIV-HL experienced an increased incidence of NT and possibly HT. The use of ritonavir or lopinavir was associated with NT, suggesting a clinically significant interaction with vinblastine. Prospective pharmacokinetic studies to devise a rational dosing strategy for vinblastine in patients receiving ritonavir/lopinavir are warranted.
    Leukemia & lymphoma 05/2012; · 2.61 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Background. The outcome of HIV-associated non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) has improved substantially in the highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) era. However, HIV-Burkitt lymphoma (BL), which accounts for up to 20% of HIV-NHL, has poor outcome with standard chemotherapy. Patients and Methods. We retrospectively reviewed HIV-BL treated in the HAART era with the Magrath regimen (CODOX-M/IVAC±R) at four Canadian centres. Results. Fourteen patients with HIV-BL received at least one CODOX-M/IVAC±R treatment. Median age at BL diagnosis was 45.5 years, CD4 count 375 cells/mL and HIV viral load (VL) <50 copies/mL. Patients received PCP prophylaxis and G-CSF, 13 received HAART with chemotherapy and 10 rituximab. There were 63 episodes of toxicity, none fatal, including: bacterial infection, n = 20; grade 3-4 hematologic toxicity, n = 14; febrile neutropenia, n = 7; oral thrush; and ifosfamide neurological toxicity, n = 1 each. At a median followup of 11.7 months, 12 (86%) patients are alive and in remission. All 10 patients who received HAART, chemotherapy, and rituximab are alive. CD4 counts and HIV VL 6 months following BL therapy completion (n = 5 patients) were >250 cells/mL and undetectable, respectively, in 4. Conclusion. Intensive chemotherapy with CODOX-M/IVAC±R yielded acceptable toxicity and good survival rates in patients with HIV-associated Burkitt lymphoma receiving HAART.
    Advances in Hematology 01/2012; 2012:735392.

Publication Stats

254 Citations
186.62 Total Impact Points


  • 2008–2014
    • Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre
      • • Division of Medical Oncology and Hematology
      • • Department of Medicine
      Toronto, Ontario, Canada
  • 2013
    • The Princess Margaret Hospital
      Toronto, Ontario, Canada
  • 2003–2012
    • University of Toronto
      • Department of Medicine
      Toronto, Ontario, Canada
  • 2006–2009
    • McMaster University
      Hamilton, Ontario, Canada