Paul Stalley

Royal Prince Alfred Hospital, Camperdown, New South Wales, Australia

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Publications (26)56.72 Total impact

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: En bloc resection, extracorporeal irradiation (ECI) and reimplantation have been used selectively at our centers as part of limb preservation surgery of malignant bone tumors since 1996. We report the long-term oncological outcomes. One hundred one patients were treated with ECI at two Australian centers between 1996 and 2011. A single dose of 50 Gy was delivered to the resected bone segments. The irradiated bones were reimplanted immediately as a biological graft. Patients were treated with chemotherapy as per standard protocol. The three main histological diagnoses were Ewing's sarcoma (35), osteosarcoma (37) and chondrosarcoma (20). There were nine patients with a range of different histologies. There was one local recurrence (2.86%) in Ewing's sarcoma and the 5-year cumulative overall survival was 81.9%. There was no local recurrence in osteosarcoma and five distant recurrences. The 5-year cumulative overall survival was 85.7%. The local recurrence rate was 20% (4 of 20) in chondrosarcoma, and the 5-year cumulative overall survival was 80.8%. Limb preservation was achieved in 97 patients. For the 64 patients with disease in the pelvis or lower limb, 53 (82.3%) could walk without aids at the time of last follow-up. This large series of ECI shows an excellent long-term local control. It is a good alternative reconstruction method in selected patients. The overall survival is comparable to other published series.
    Annals of Oncology 07/2013; · 6.58 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The retention of foreign bodies after surgery is rare, but carries significant morbidity and mortality as well as financial and legal implications. Such retained items cause a foreign-body reaction, which in the case of cotton-based materials are called gossypibomas. We present the case of an 84-year-old woman with a pseudotumor secondary to a retained dressing gauze roll, presenting 5 months after resection of a gluteal sarcoma, which had raised concerns of local recurrence. We also outline the imaging modalities that may assist in diagnosis of a retained foreign body, and suggest the MRI "row of dots" sign as a useful radiological feature associated with gossypiboma. Awareness of the imaging appearances of retained foreign bodies allows the inclusion of this possibility in differential diagnosis of a mass in patients with a surgical history.
    Skeletal Radiology 03/2013; · 1.74 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Bone is the third most common site of metastatic disease. The management of skeletal metastases has continued to evolve over recent years. There have been developments particularly in the oncologic field. This, in conjunction with a multi-disciplinary approach, has resulted in prolonged survival. Disease prognosis is an important consideration in the management of all patients with appendicular skeletal metastases. This review article covers both surgical and non-surgical management of skeletal metastases.
    Orthopaedics and Trauma 06/2012; 26(3):184–199.
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study is to analyze the prognostic factors for overall and relapse-free survival that may help select patients for pulmonary metastasectomy and inform their prognosis. From 1978 to 2008 130 patients underwent pulmonary metastasectomy for bone (osteosarcoma, chondrosarcoma and Ewing's sarcoma) and soft tissue sarcomas. Outcome measures analyzed were time to death and relapse and Cox regression models analyzed the association of prognostic factors. In total 114 patients were analyzed. The 5-year post-metastasectomy overall survival rate was 43%. The 5-year relapse-free survival rate was 19%. In the multivariate analysis, an incomplete surgical resection (P = 0.02) was associated with an increased risk of death. There was weak evidence that a diameter of the largest resected metastasis ≥ 1.8 cm (P = 0.07) and a disease-free interval of ≤ 18 months (P = 0.08) were associated with an increased risk of death. Poor prognostic factors for overall survival after a pulmonary metastasectomy are an incomplete surgical resection, a large diameter of the biggest resected metastasis and a short disease-free interval. The role of perioperative chemotherapy is uncertain.
    Asia-Pacific Journal of Clinical Oncology 04/2012; 8(3):292-302. · 0.91 Impact Factor
  • Clinical Oncology 02/2012; 24(1):77-9. · 2.83 Impact Factor
  • Robert U. Ashford, Judy Soper, Paul D. Stalley
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    ABSTRACT: The third most common site that giant cell tumours occur is the distal radius, with approximately 10% of cases occurring at that site. We report three cases where the imaging raised the possibility of giant cell tumours but biopsy has revealed an altogether more aggressive pathology. We believe biopsy is mandatory in presumed giant cell tumours, particularly those affecting the distal radius.
    European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology 01/2010; 20(2):109-111. · 0.18 Impact Factor
  • A H Krieg, M Mani, B M Speth, P D Stalley
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    ABSTRACT: We review the treatment of pelvic Ewing's sarcoma by the implantation of extracorporeally-irradiated (ECI) autografts and compare the outcome with that of other reported methods. We treated 13 patients with ECI autografts between 1994 and 2004. There were seven males and six females with a median age of 15.7 years (interquartile range (IQR) 12.2 to 21.7). At a median follow-up of five years (IQR 1.8 to 7.4), the disease-free survival was 69% overall, and 75% if one patient with local recurrence after initial treatment elsewhere was excluded. Four patients died from distant metastases at a mean of 17 months (13 to 23). There were three complications which required operative intervention; one was a deep infection which required removal of the graft. The functional results gave a mean Musculoskeletal Tumor Society score of 85% (60% to 97%), a mean Toronto extremity salvage score of 86% (69% to 100%) and a mean Harris hip score of 92 (67 to 100). We conclude that ECI grafting is a suitable form of treatment for localised and resectable pelvic Ewing's sarcoma.
    The Bone & Joint Journal 04/2009; 91(3):395-400. · 2.80 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A tissue biopsy is usually a critical aspect in guiding appropriate initial management in patients with musculoskeletal tumours. We have previously outlined the role of intra-operative frozen section in both the determination of adequacy of a biopsy and for its diagnostic utility. In this article, the options and techniques for intra-operative pathological evaluation, namely frozen section, fine needle aspiration cytology and touch imprint cytology are reviewed. Frozen section examination may be applicable in the following Sections, including (1) at core biopsy, (2) at surgical margins, (3) at confirming diagnosis prior to definitive treatment or to evaluate tumour spread, and (4) at establishing a diagnosis of a metastasis prior to intramedullary nailing. There are also situations in which frozen section is inappropriate. Pitfalls associated with frozen sections are also highlighted. There are also cost implications, which we have quantified, of performing frozen sections. In our experience that the use of intra-operative pathological evaluation reduces the non-diagnostic rate of bone and soft tissue sarcoma biopsies, eliminates the need for re-biopsy hence alleviating stress, and is a useful addition to the armamentarium in evaluating musculoskeletal tumours.
    Recent results in cancer research. Fortschritte der Krebsforschung. Progrès dans les recherches sur le cancer 02/2009; 179:11-24.
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    ABSTRACT: Staged bilateral hip arthroplasties were carried out in two patients with osteoarthritis of the hip secondary to the development of hip dysplasia in Hereditary Multiple Exostosis (HME).Both patients had near ankylosis of their hips with pain and difficulty in performing activities of daily living. A proximal femur replacing prosthesis was implanted through an extended trochanteric osteotomy, with preservation of as much proximal bone stock as possible. At latest followup (two to five years), there was a sustained improvement in range of motion and symptoms. The Harris Hip Scores improved from 25 and 31 to 83 and 78. The Toronto Extremity Salvage Scores improved from 49% and 55% to 88% and 75%. Radiographs show bony ingrowth and healing of the trochanteric fragments. In severe HME, hip arthroplasty with replacement of the proximal femur provides good symptomatic relief and return of hip joint movement.
    Hip international: the journal of clinical and experimental research on hip pathology and therapy 01/2009; 19(3):279-82. · 0.34 Impact Factor
  • Matthew Moran, Paul D Stalley
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    ABSTRACT: Functional reconstruction of the shoulder joint following excision of a malignant proximal humeral tumour is a difficult proposition. Eleven patients with primary osteosarcoma or Ewing's sarcoma underwent reconstruction with a composite of extra-corporeally irradiated autograft with the addition of a long stemmed hemiarthroplasty. At a mean follow-up of 5.8 years two patients had died from disseminated disease and one patient had undergone amputation for local recurrence. The eight patients with a surviving limb were examined clinically and radiographically. The mean Toronto Extremity Salvage Score was 74 and Musculo-Skeletal Tumour Society score 66. Rotation was well preserved but abduction (mean 32 degrees ) and flexion (40 degrees ) were poor. There was a high rate of secondary surgery, with five out of eleven patients requiring re-operation for complications of reconstruction surgery. Radiographic estimate of graft remaining at follow up was 71%. There were no infections, revisions or radiographic failures. Whilst the reconstructions were durable in the medium term, the functional outcome was no better than with other reported reconstructive methods. The composite technique was especially useful in subtotal humeral resections, allowing preservation of the elbow joint even with very distal osteotomy. Bone stock is restored, which may be useful for future revision surgery in this young group of patients.
    Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery 10/2008; 129(10):1339-45. · 1.36 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Isolated limb infusion (ILI) is a minimally invasive technique for delivering high-dose regional chemotherapy. We report our experience with ILI for the treatment of soft tissue sarcoma (STS). From our prospective database, 21 patients with STS of the limb treated with ILI between 1994 and 2007 were identified. In all patients, a high-dose cytotoxic drug combination was used. There were 14 men, and the median age was 60 years (range, 18-85 years). Eighteen patients (86%) had lower limb tumors. All patients had advanced local disease. The procedure was well tolerated. Fourteen patients (67%) received ILI before definitive surgery. The overall response rate was 90% (complete response [CR] rate 57%, partial response rate 33%). The disease-specific overall survival was 61.9% (median follow-up, 28 months). Only American Joint Committee on Cancer stage was associated with overall survival. The local recurrence rate was 42%. CR and malignant fibrous histiocytoma tumor subtype were associated with a lower local recurrence rate. A lower initial skin temperature (median 35.8 degrees C) was associated with a CR (P = .033). Patients who had a steep increase in intramuscular temperature during the procedure were more likely to have a CR (P = .055). Classification tree analysis identified patients with an initial PaO(2) of >/=194 mmHg as being more likely to have a CR. Ultimately, the overall limb salvage rate was 76%. The outcomes after ILI are comparable to those achieved by conventional isolated limb perfusion. ILI is a minimally invasive alternative to isolated limb perfusion for patients with advanced STS of the extremity.
    Annals of Surgical Oncology 10/2008; 15(10):2749-56. · 3.94 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A case of epithelioid and spindle cell haemangioma of bone occurring in the proximal femur is presented. The tumour had typical microscopic features with a striking lobular pattern comprising spindled and epithelioid areas with admixed inflammatory cells. The case represents only the eighth reported example of this rare tumour, which appears to fit in the spectrum of epithelioid haemangioma. This is the first case to involve the proximal portion of a long bone. A review of the classification and features of similar vascular tumours of bone is presented.
    Skeletal Radiology 07/2007; 36 Suppl 1(S1):S50-7. · 1.74 Impact Factor
  • R. A. Boyle, P. D. Stalley, D. Loxton, M. Windolf
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    ABSTRACT: This paper presents an audit of 22 years of bone banking at Royal Prince Alfred Hospital, along with a review of the current literature regarding the use of allograft bone.Comparisons both locally and internationally are made, and we are confident that standards in Australia are equivalent to those internationally. The requirement for bone graft material in Australia is likely to rise, as more reconstructive and revision surgery is undertaken, along with increases in primary arthroplasty procedures.
    ANZ Journal of Surgery 05/2007; 77. · 1.50 Impact Factor
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    A H Krieg, A W Davidson, P D Stalley
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    ABSTRACT: Between 1996 and 2003, 16 patients (nine female, seven male) were treated for a primary bone sarcoma of the femur by wide local excision of the tumour, extracorporeal irradiation and re-implantation. An additional vascularised fibular graft was used in 13 patients (81%). All patients were free from disease when reviewed at a minimum of two years postoperatively (mean 49.7 months (24 to 96). There were no cases of infection. Primary union was achieved after a median of nine months (interquartile range 7 to 11). Five host-donor junctions (16%) united only after a second procedure. Primary union recurred faster at metaphyseal junctions (94% (15) at a median of 7.5 months (interquartile range 4 to 12)) than at diaphyseal junctions (75% (12) at a median of 11.1 months (interquartile range 5 to 18)). Post-operatively, the median Musculoskeletal Tumour Society score was 85% (interquartile range 75 to 96) and the median Toronto Extremity Salvage score 94% (interquartile range 82 to 99). The Mankin score gave a good or excellent result in 14 patients (88%). The range of movement of the knee was significantly worse when the extracorporeally irradiated autografts were fixed by plates rather than by nails (p = 0.035). A total of 16 (62%) of the junctions of the vascularised fibular grafts underwent hypertrophy, indicating union and loading. Extracorporeal irradiation autografting with supplementary vascularised fibular grafting is a promising biological alternative for intercalary reconstruction after wide resection of malignant bone tumours of the femur.
    The Bone & Joint Journal 04/2007; 89(3):366-71. · 2.80 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The most appropriate protocol for the biopsy of musculoskeletal tumours is controversial, with some authors advocating CT-guided core biopsy. At our hospital the initial biopsies of most musculoskeletal tumours has been by operative core biopsy with evaluation by frozen section which determines whether diagnostic tissue has been obtained and, if possible, gives the definitive diagnosis. In order to determine the accuracy and cost-effectiveness of this protocol we have undertaken a retrospective audit of biopsies of musculoskeletal tumours performed over a period of two years. A total of 104 patients had biopsies according to this regime. All gave the diagnosis apart from one minor error which did not alter the management of the patient. There was no requirement for re-biopsy. This protocol was more labour-intensive and 38% more costly than CT-guided core biopsy (AU$1804 vs AU$1308). However, the accuracy and avoidance of the anxiety associated with repeat biopsy outweighed these disadvantages.
    The Bone & Joint Journal 10/2006; 88(9):1207-11. · 2.80 Impact Factor
  • Current Orthopaedics 08/2006; 20(4):299-315. · 0.14 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Myopericytoma (MPC) is a recently proposed term to describe a group of tumours that originate from perivascular myoid cells and show a range of histological growth patterns. Only a small number of series describing MPC have been reported. MPC is frequently misdiagnosed as a sarcoma. To document the clinical and histopathological findings of a series of MPCs, to describe the range of growth patterns and morphological spectrum, and to compare MPC with myofibroma (MF). Fourteen patients with features of MPC and/or MF were identified from the archival files of the department of anatomical pathology, Royal Prince Alfred Hospital, Sydney, Australia. There were six female and eight male patients. The mean and median patient ages were 37 and 35.5 years, respectively. The tumours were located in the skin, subcutis, or superficial soft tissues of the distal extremities (13 patients) or the head and neck region (one patient), and showed a spectrum of morphological appearances. They were divided into two groups based upon the predominant growth pattern corresponding to MPC (seven cases) and MF (seven cases). The feature most suggestive of MPC was the presence of a concentric perivascular arrangement of plump spindle shaped cells. The presence of a zonation/biphasic appearance was most characteristic of MF. MPC exhibits a spectrum of growth patterns that overlap with MF. Tumours can be designated as MPC or MF depending on the predominant growth pattern.
    Journal of Clinical Pathology 02/2006; 59(1):67-73. · 2.55 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We treated 50 patients with bony malignancy by en-bloc resection, extracorporeal irradiation with 50 Gy and re-implantation of the bone segment. The mean survivor follow-up was 38 months (12 to 92) when 42 patients were alive and without disease. There were four recurrences. The functional results were good according to the Mankin score (17 excellent, 13 good, nine fair, three failures), the Musculoskeletal Tumour Society score (mean 77) and the Toronto Extremity Salvage score (mean 81). There was solid union, but bone resorption was seen in some cases. The dose of radiation was lethal to all cells and produced a dead autograft of perfect fit. Extracorporeal irradiation is a useful technique for limb salvage when there is reasonable residual bone stock. It allows effective re-attachment of tendons and produces a lasting biological reconstruction. There should be no risk of local recurrence or of radiotherapy-induced malignancy in the replanted bone.
    The Bone & Joint Journal 07/2005; 87(6):851-7. · 2.80 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The authors review the outcome of a consecutive series of 24 free vascularized fibular grafts performed as part of a limb-salvage procedure following tumor excision. There were 15 women and nine men with a mean age of 26 years (range: 6 to 52 years). The minimum follow-up was 12 months. The mean length of the graft was 13.1 cm. (range: 4.5 to 25 cm). Fifteen grafts were used in the upper limb, eight in the lower limb, and one in the pelvis. Bony union was achieved in 21/24 patients at a mean of 9.3 months. Complications occurred in 13/24 patients of whom 11 required a second operation. Four patients died of metastatic disease. The mean Musculoskeletal Tumor Society (MSTS) functional score in the remaining 20 was 84.5 percent, with 16 patients having a good or excellent outcome. Free vascularized fibula grafts offer a reliable method of reconstruction after excision of bone tumors. Although the incidence of complications appears high, they are relatively easy to correct, bony union is achieved in the majority, and functional outcome is good.
    Journal of Reconstructive Microsurgery 03/2005; 21(2):79-84. · 1.01 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Telomeres of tumor cells may be maintained by telomerase or by alternative lengthening of telomeres (ALT). The standard ALT assay requires Southern analysis of high molecular weight genomic DNA. We aimed to establish and validate an ALT assay suitable for archived paraffin-embedded tumors and to use it to examine the prevalence and clinical significance of ALT in various types of tumors that are often telomerase negative. To assay for ALT, we detected ALT-associated promyelocytic leukemia (PML) bodies (APBs) by combined PML immunofluorescence and telomere fluorescence in situ hybridization. APBs are PML nuclear domains containing telomeric DNA and are a known hallmark of ALT in cell lines. The APB assay concurred with the standard ALT assay in 62 of 62 tumors and showed that 35% of 101 soft tissue sarcomas (STS), 47% of 58 osteosarcomas (especially younger patients), 34% of 50 astrocytomas, and 0% of 17 papillary thyroid carcinomas were ALT positive (ALT+). The prevalence of ALT varied greatly among different STS subtypes: malignant fibrous histiocytomas, 77%; leiomyosarcomas, 62%; liposarcomas, 33%; synovial sarcomas, 9%; and rhabdomyosarcomas, 6%. ALT correlated with survival in glioblastoma multiforme and occurred more often in lower-grade astrocytomas, but ALT+ and ALT- sarcomas were equally aggressive in terms of grade and clinical outcome. The APB assay for ALT is suitable for paraffin-embedded tumors. It showed that a substantial proportion of STS, osteosarcomas, and astrocytomas, but not papillary thyroid carcinomas use ALT. APB positivity correlated strongly with survival of patients with astrocytomas.
    Clinical Cancer Research 02/2005; 11(1):217-25. · 8.19 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

353 Citations
56.72 Total Impact Points


  • 1997–2013
    • Royal Prince Alfred Hospital
      • • Department of Surgery
      • • Department of Orthopaedics
      • • Division of Anatomical Pathology
      • • Department of Medical Oncology
      Camperdown, New South Wales, Australia
  • 2007–2009
    • University Children's Hospital Basel
      Bâle, Basel-City, Switzerland