P López Vallejos

Hospital Universitario Reina Sofía, Cordoue, Andalusia, Spain

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Publications (12)12.76 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: The goal of this research has been to evaluate the survival, in long and short term, of the patient receiving liver transplant for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), the risk of post-transplant tumor relapse and factors related to this complication. Retrospective study of a consecutive series of patients having had liver transplant for HCC. Transplant patients for HCC from 1989 to November 2003. Patients were selected due to general limitations of nodule size and quantity, which were subsequently published as Milan criteria. Also, criteria agreed in the Conference of Barcelona were followed in the pre-transplant diagnosis. The survival of this 81 patients group was of the 80, 61 and 52% for 1, 5 and 10 years respectively. In the 32% of the cases the HCC was an incidental finding in the explant. In the 12.3%, the tumor relapse was verified. The multivariate research identified the size of the nodule (OR=1,7944) (IC 95%=1,1332-2,8413) and the vascular invasion (OR=6,6346) (IC 95%=1,4624-30,1003) as risk factors of relapse. The liver transplant in selected patients with HCC has good results in medium and long term. The risk of post-transplant tumor relapse becomes notably reduced and is associated with the size of the nodule and the microscopic vascular invasion.
    Revista espanola de enfermedades digestivas: organo oficial de la Sociedad Espanola de Patologia Digestiva 01/2007; 98(12):899-906. DOI:10.4321/S1130-01082006001200002 · 1.32 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: to analyse survival and quality of life of patients with malignant obstructive jaundice after palliative treatment, comparing endoscopic stent insertion and palliative surgical (palliative resection and bypass surgical). eighty and seven patients were included in a trial. They were distributed to endoscopic stent (50) and palliative surgical (37). It analysed survival, quality of life and comfort index of jaundiced patients. The good quality of life was defined by absence of jaundice, pruritus and cholangitis after the initial treatment. the median survival of the patients treated to endoscopic stent was 9,6 months whereas the patients to surgical treatment survived a median of 17 months. The time free of disease was 4 months in stented patients and 10,5 months in surgical patients. There was no significant difference in comfort index between the two groups (stented 34%, surgical 42,5%) Neither was there significant difference in survival and quality of life between palliative resection and bypass surgery. despite the survival and time free of disease being better in surgical patients, there was no significant difference in overall quality of life between the two groups. The survival and quality of life are the same after palliative resection as after bypass surgery, for this should not be performed routinely or to justify resection as a debulking procedure.
    Revista espanola de enfermedades digestivas: organo oficial de la Sociedad Espanola de Patologia Digestiva 06/2004; 96(5):305-14. DOI:10.4321/S1130-01082004000500003 · 1.32 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Objectives: to analyse survival and quality of life of patients with malignant obstructive jaundice after palliative treatment, comparing endoscopic stent insertion and palliative surgical (pallative resection and bypass surgical). Patients and method: eighty and seven patients were included in a trial. They were distributed to endoscopic stent (50) and palliative surgical (37). It analysed survival, quality of life and comfort index of jaundiced patients. The good quality of life was defined by absence of jaundice, pruritus and cholangitis after the initial treatment. Results: the median survival of the patients treated to endoscopic stent was 9,6 months whereas the patients to surgical treatment survived a median of 17 months. The time free of disease was 4 months in stented patients and 10,5 months in surgical patients. There was no significant difference in comfort index between the two groups (stented 34%, surgical 42,5%). Neither was there significant difference in survival and quality of life between palliative resection and bypass surgery. Conclusions: despite the survival and time free of disease being better in surgical patients, there was no significant difference in overall quality of life between the two groups. The survival and quality of life are the same after palliative resection as after bypass surgery, for this should not be performed routinely or to justify resection as a debulking procedure.
    Revista espanola de enfermedades digestivas: organo oficial de la Sociedad Espanola de Patologia Digestiva 05/2004; 96(5):305-314. · 1.32 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Objective To evaluate the results of endoscopic dilatation in caustic esophageal strictures and to analyze the factors associated with a favorable response. Patients and method We performed a retrospective study of 33 patients who underwent dilatation with Savary bougie between 1989 and 2001. Response to initial dilatation and outcome during follow-up were analyzed. Results The mean age was 50 years (8-83) and 58% were women. Intake was accidental in 29 (88%). In all patients, the caustic substance ingested was alkali. Dilatation was started in the acute phase in 12 patients (36%) and 13 presented inflammatory phenomena adjacent to the stenosis. During initial dilatation, 2 ± 1.6 sessions (2-18) were performed and a favorable response was obtained in 18 patients (54%). At the end of follow-up, 68% of the patients presented satisfactory health status. The comparative study revealed that statistically significant variables for a favorable response to treatment were: accidental alkali intake, instauration of treatment in the chronic phase, absence of inflammatory phenomena, and a small number of initial dilatation sessions. Conclusions In our series, more than half the patients with esophageal stenosis due to intake of corrosive alkalis showed a favorable initial response. In these patients with acute-phase stenosis who required a greater number of initial dilatation sessions, endoscopic therapy was less effective.
    Gastroenterología y Hepatología 12/2003; 26(3). DOI:10.1157/13043114 · 0.83 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: to evaluate the efficacy of endoscopic treatment in patients with upper gastrointestinal (UGIH) due to duodenal ulcer with high risk of persistent or recurrent bleeding and to determine the associated failure factors of this procedure. three hundred and thirty-six patients with UGIH due to duodenal ulcer requiring endoscopic treatment were analyzed between January 1992 and December 2001. The patients were classified according to the endoscopic findings: a) patients with limited bleeding; and b) patients with persistent and/or recurrent bleeding due to therapeutic failure. The clinical guidelines followed in patients with endoscopic treatment failure were previously established in the internal protocol. The variables that obtained statistical significance in the univariate analysis were included in the logistic regression model to identify those with an independent predictive value for failure of the endoscopic treatment. mean age of the patients was 60 +/- 17 years, 271 (81%) were male. Bleeding with severe hemodynamic affectation was detected in 82 patients (24%). The most common location of the duodenal ulcer was on the anterosuperior part of the duodenal bulb (227 patients, 68%). In 43 patients (13%) the ulcer was larger than 2 cm. The bleeding stigmata were classified as: Forrest I in 125 (38%) and Forrest II in 211 (62%). It was initially reached in 297 patients (88%). Twenty-two patients required emergency surgery (6,5%) and the global mortality rate was 3%. Severe hemodynamic affectation at admission (OR 11.8, p>0.001), ulcers exceeding 2 cm (OR 6.95, p = 0.019) and the presence of active bleeding during endoscopy (Forrest I) (OR 3.55, p = 0.08) were the variables included in the multivariate analysis independently associated to endoscopic therapy failure. endoscopic therapy is an efficient treatment of upper gastrointestinal bleeding due to duodenal ulcer. By means of a clinical variable, the hemodynamic status and two endoscopies, bleeding stigmata and the size of the ulcer, a group of patients with high risk of endoscopic treatment failure can be selected.
    Revista espanola de enfermedades digestivas: organo oficial de la Sociedad Espanola de Patologia Digestiva 10/2003; 95(10):700-6, 692-9. · 1.32 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Endoscopic therapy is an effective technique in the control of bleeding due to peptic ulcer. However, bleeding persists or recurs in as many as 10-30% of patients. Gastric and duodenal ulcers present different clinical and endoscopic features and consequently the efficacy of endoscopic therapy and the factors associated with its failure should be studied separately.Objectives: To analyze the efficacy of endoscopic therapy in patients at high risk of persistent or recurrent bleeding due to gastric ulcer and to identify the factors associated with the failure of this technique. We performed a retrospective study based on a clinical intervention protocol. Two hundred eight patients admitted for bleeding secondary to gastric ulcer with active bleeding or stigmas of recent bleeding who received endoscopic therapy between January 1992 and December 2001 were analyzed. Clinical, laboratory and endoscopic variables on admission, as well as the medical treatment and endoscopic procedure applied, were registered. Endoscopy was performed within 12 hours of admission. Patients were classified according to their response to endoscopic therapy: a) patients with limited bleeding, and b) patients with persistent or recurrent bleeding due to therapeutic failure. Intervention in patients with therapeutic failure was performed according to a previously established protocol. Variables that were statistically significant in the univariate analysis were included in a logistic regression model to identify those with an independent predictive value for failure of endoscopic therapy. Definitive hemostasis was achieved after initial therapy in 181 patients (87%). The efficacy of a second procedure increased the percentage of hemostasis to 91% of the patients. In the logistic regression model, the only variables that were independently associated with initial therapeutic failure were: hemodynamic status on admission (p = 0.016; OR = 3.99), the need for transfusion of blood products prior to endoscopy (p = 0.025; OR = 3.48), upper localization of the gastric ulcer (p = 0.050; OR = 3.08) and unsatisfactory endoscopic therapy (p = 0.009; OR = 17.39). These variables could contribute to the early identification of a subgroup of patients, which would enable us to increase medical-surgical surveillance and offer them other therapeutic alternatives.
    Gastroenterología y Hepatología 05/2003; 26(4):227-33. · 0.83 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate the results of endoscopic dilatation in caustic esophageal strictures and to analyze the factors associated with a favorable response. We performed a retrospective study of 33 patients who underwent dilatation with Savary bougie between 1989 and 2001. Response to initial dilatation and outcome during follow-up were analyzed. The mean age was 50 years (8-83) and 58% were women. Intake was accidental in 29 (88%). In all patients, the caustic substance ingested was alkali. Dilatation was started in the acute phase in 12 patients (36%) and 13 presented inflammatory phenomena adjacent to the stenosis. During initial dilatation, 2 1.6 sessions (2-18) were performed and a favorable response was obtained in 18 patients (54%). At the end of follow-up, 68% of the patients presented satisfactory health status. The comparative study revealed that statistically significant variables for a favorable response to treatment were: accidental alkali intake, instauration of treatment in the chronic phase, absence of inflammatory phenomena, and a small number of initial dilatation sessions. In our series, more than half the patients with esophageal stenosis due to intake of corrosive alkalis showed a favorable initial response. In these patients with acute-phase stenosis who required a greater number of initial dilatation sessions, endoscopic therapy was less effective.
    Gastroenterología y Hepatología 04/2003; 26(3):147-51. · 0.83 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Introduction Endoscopic therapy is an effective technique in the control of bleeding due to peptic ulcer. However, bleeding persists or recurs in as many as 10-30% of patients. Gastric and duodenal ulcers present different clinical and endoscopic features and consequently the efficacy of endoscopic therapy and the factors associated with its failure should be studied separately. Objectives To analyze the efficacy of endoscopic therapy in patients at high risk of persistent or recurrent bleeding due to gastric ulcer and to identify the factors associated with the failure of this technique. Patients and methods We performed a retrospective study based on a clinical intervention protocol. Two hundred eight patients admitted for bleeding secondary to gastric ulcer with active bleeding or stigmas of recent bleeding who received endoscopic therapy between January 1992 and December 2001 were analyzed. Clinical, laboratory and endoscopic variables on admission, as well as the medical treatment and endoscopic procedure applied, were registered. Endoscopy was performed within 12 hours of admission. Patients were classified according to their response to endoscopic therapy: a) patients with limited bleeding, and b) patients with persistent or recurrent bleeding due to therapeutic failure. Intervention in patients with therapeutic failure was performed according to a previously established protocol. Variables that were statistically significant in the univariate analysis were included in a logistic regression model to identify those with an independent predictive value for failure of endoscopic therapy. Results Definitive hemostasis was achieved after initial therapy in 181 patients (87%). The efficacy of a second procedure increased the percentage of hemostasis to 91% of the patients. In the logistic regression model, the only variables that were independently associated with initial therapeutic failure were: hemodynamic status on admission (p = 0.016; OR = 3.99), the need for transfusion of blood products prior to endoscopy (p = 0.025; OR = 3.48), upper localization of the gastric ulcer (p = 0.050; OR = 3.08) and unsatisfactory endoscopic therapy (p = 0.009; OR = 17.39). Conclusion These variables could contribute to the early identification of a subgroup of patients, which would enable us to increase medical-surgical surveillance and offer them other therapeutic alternatives.
    Gastroenterología y Hepatología 01/2003; 26(4). DOI:10.1157/13045195 · 0.83 Impact Factor
  • Medicina Clínica 12/2002; 118(17):677. DOI:10.1016/S0025-7753(02)72491-3 · 1.25 Impact Factor
  • Medicina Clínica 06/2002; 118(17):677. · 1.25 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Background Severe acute lower gastrointestinal bleeding (SALGIB) accounts for 15% of cases of acute lower gastrointestinal bleeding (ALGIB). The incidence increases with age and comorbidity. Identification of the origin of bleeding may be difficult. Colonoscopy has been proposed as the primary investigative tool. Aim To assess the role of early colonoscopy as the primary method of evaluation in patients with SALGIB. Patients And Method Retrospective study based on a guideline for clinical practice approved in our institution. The study included 50 patients with SALGIB admitted to our gastrointestinal bleeding unit between January 1998 and April 2000. SALGIB was suspected when patients fulfilled two or more of the following criteria: 1) significant hemodynamic compromise, 2) decrease in hemoglobin 2 g/dl, and 3) transfusion requirement ≥ 2 blood units. Early colonoscopy was performed within 24 hours of onset of bleeding. An accurate endoscopic diagnosis was established if a lesion with active bleeding, visible non-hemorrhagic vessel or adherent red clot was identified. A presumptive diagnosis was made when hematochezia or fresh blood localized in a colonic segment, associated with a single, potentially hemorrhagic lesion, was observed and when the results of esophagogastroduodenoscopy were negative. Colonoscopy, esophagogastroduodenoscopy, barium studies, nuclear scan and angiography were performed. Results Two hundred twenty-two patients were admitted for ALGIB. Fifty patients(22%) fulfilled the SALGIB criteria. The male/female ratio was 1:1. Definitive diagnosis was accurate in 20 patients. The most frequent cause was angiodysplasia (6 patients) and rectal ulcer (6 patients). Eighteen patients had a presumptive diagnosis; of these 14 had diverticulosis. In 12 patients, no cause was identified. Colonoscopy was performed in 45 patients, of which 32 were performed early and 13 electively. Accurate endoscopic diagnosis was more frequently established with early colonoscopy than with elective colonoscopy (15 [47%] vs 2 [15%], p < 0.05). The results of urgent nuclear scans contributed to accurate diagnosis in 5 out of the 10 patients in whom this technique was performed. Angiography was performed in 2 patients. Endoscopic therapy was attempted in 4 patients, all during early colonoscopy. Ten patients (20%) underwent surgery and 3 patients (6%) died. Conclusions In 22% of patients with ALGIB admitted to our hospital bleeding was severe. Colonoscopy is the diagnostic tool of choice. When performed within 24 hours of hospital admission, this technique provides more accurate diagnosis than when performed electively.
    Gastroenterología y Hepatología 01/2001; 24(7):327–332. DOI:10.1016/S0210-5705(01)70187-2 · 0.83 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Severe acute lower gastrointestinal bleeding (SALGIB) accounts for 15% of cases of acute lower gastrointestinal bleeding (ALGIB). The incidence increases with age and comorbidity. Identification of the origin of bleeding may be difficult. Colonoscopy has been proposed as the primary investigative tool. To assess the role of early colonoscopy as the primary method of evaluation in patients with SALGIB. Retrospective study based on a guideline for clinical practice approved in our institution. The study included 50 patients with SALGIB admitted to our gastrointestinal bleeding unit between January 1998 and April 2000. SALGIB was suspected when patients fulfilled two or more of the following criteria: 1) significant hemodynamic compromise, 2) decrease in hemoglobin 2 g/dl, and 3) transfusion requirement >= 2 blood units. Early colonoscopy was performed within 24 hours of onset of bleeding. An accurate endoscopic diagnosis was established if a lesion with active bleeding, visible non-hemorrhagic vessel or adherent red clot was identified. A presumptive diagnosis was made when hematochezia or fresh blood localized in a colonic segment, associated with a single, potentially hemorrhagic lesion, was observed and when the results of esophagogastroduodenoscopy were negative. Colonoscopy, esophagogastroduodenoscopy, barium studies, nuclear scan and angiography were performed. Two hundred twenty-two patients were admitted for ALGIB. Fifty patients(22%) fulfilled the SALGIB criteria. The male/female ratio was 1:1. Definitive diagnosis was accurate in 20 patients. The most frequent cause was angiodysplasia (6 patients) and rectal ulcer (6 patients). Eighteen patients had a presumptive diagnosis; of these 14 had diverticulosis. In 12 patients, no cause was identified. Colonoscopy was performed in 45 patients, of which 32 were performed early and 13 electively. Accurate endoscopic diagnosis was more frequently established with early colonoscopy than with elective colonoscopy (15 [47%] vs 2 [15%], p < 0.05). The results of urgent nuclear scans contributed to accurate diagnosis in 5 out of the 10 patients in whom this technique was performed. Angiography was performed in 2 patients. Endoscopic therapy was attempted in 4 patients, all during early colonoscopy. Ten patients (20%) underwent surgery and 3 patients (6%) died. In 22% of patients with ALGIB admitted to our hospital bleeding was severe. Colonoscopy is the diagnostic tool of choice. When performed within 24 hours of hospital admission, this technique provides more accurate diagnosis than when performed electively.
    Gastroenterología y Hepatología 01/2001; 24(7):327-32. · 0.83 Impact Factor