Bart Jan Ravoo

University of Münster, Muenster, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany

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Publications (146)865.19 Total impact

  • Moritz Buhl · Benjamin Vonhören · Bart Jan Ravoo
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    ABSTRACT: This communication describes a bioconjugation method for the generation of enzyme microarrays on surfaces using photochemical thiol-ene chemistry in combination with microcontact printing. Glucose oxidase and lactase were readily immobilized (i.e. printing time 2 min) on alkene terminated self-assembled monolayers on glass as demonstrated by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and fluorescence microscopy. Furthermore the activity of both immobilized enzymes was confirmed in single enzyme as well as cascade transformations.
    Bioconjugate Chemistry 06/2015; 26(6). DOI:10.1021/acs.bioconjchem.5b00282 · 4.82 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Photodetectors supply an electric response when illuminated. The detectors in this study consist of an active layer and a polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF) blocking layer, which are sandwiched by an aluminum and an indium tin oxide (ITO) elec-trode. The active layer was prepared of zinc porphyrins and assembled by covalent layer-by-layer (LbL) deposition. The layer growth was monitored by UV/vis absorbance, ellipsometry and x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. Upon exposure to chopped light, the detectors show an alternating transient photocurrent, which is limited by the accumulation of space charges at the blocking layer/active layer interface. We could show that the number of photoactive layers has a significant impact on the device performance. The fastest response was achieved with few layers. The highest photocurrents were measured for detectors with an intermediate number of layers, beyond which, more layers did not lead to an increase in photocurrent despite containing more active material.
    ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces 03/2015; 7(13). DOI:10.1021/am509031u · 6.72 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Layer-by-layer deposition is a widely used method for surface functionalization. It is shown here that up to 58 covalently linked molecular layers could be assembled in 20 min at room temperature on a silicon wafer by the layer-by-layer click reaction of a divalent triazolinedione and a trivalent diene. The layer growth was found to be linear. The multilayers were analyzed by ellipsometry, atomic force microscopy, and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy.
    ACS Macro Letters 03/2015; 4(3):331-334. DOI:10.1021/acsmacrolett.5b00069 · 5.24 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Gold nanoparticles (Au NPs) with tailor-made structures and properties are highly desirable for applications in catalysis and sensing. In this context, surface modifications of Au NPs are of particular relevance. Herein, we present a sequential surface modification of Au NPs with Ag(I) coordination complexes, which can be converted into Ag(0) -doped Au NPs by simple ligand-exchange reaction. The key innovative element of this surface modification is a multifunctional bioxazoline-based ligand that brings coordinated Ag(I) into close proximity to the particle surface. © 2015 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.
    Chemistry 02/2015; 21(12). DOI:10.1002/chem.201406396 · 5.70 Impact Factor
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    Avik Samanta · Matthias Tesch · Armido Studer · Bart Jan Ravoo
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    ABSTRACT: Polymer-shelled vesicles are prepared by using cyclodextrin vesicles as supramolecular templates and an adamantane functionalized poly(acrylic acid) additive anchored via host-guest recognition followed by cross-linking of carboxylic acid groups on the polymer. The polymer-shelled nanocontainers are highly stable and effective for encapsulating small hydrophilic molecules. We also show that a hollow cross-linked polymer cage can be obtained after dissolution of the template vesicles. The size and the shell thickness of the polymer cage can be tuned by variation of the template size and polymer length.
    Journal of the American Chemical Society 01/2015; 135(5):1967. DOI:10.1021/ja511963g · 11.44 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The development of an effective and general delivery method that can be applied to a large variety of structurally diverse biomolecules remains a bottleneck in modern drug therapy. Herein, we present a supramolecular system for the dynamic trapping and light-stimulated release of both DNA and proteins. Self-assembled ternary complexes act as nanoscale carriers, comprising vesicles of amphiphilic cyclodextrin, the target biomolecules and linker molecules with an azobenzene unit and a charged functionality. The non-covalent linker binds to the cyclodextrin by host–guest complexation with the azobenzene. Proteins or DNA are then bound to the functionalized vesicles through multivalent electrostatic attraction. The photoresponse of the host–guest complex allows a light-induced switch from the multivalent state that can bind the biomolecules to the low-affinity state of the free linker, thereby providing external control over the cargo release. The major advantage of this delivery approach is the wide variety of targets that can be addressed by multivalent electrostatic interaction, which we demonstrate on four types of DNA and six different proteins.
    Chemistry - A European Journal 01/2015; · 5.70 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The development of an effective and general delivery method that can be applied to a large variety of structurally diverse biomolecules remains a bottleneck in modern drug therapy. Herein, we present a supramolecular system for the dynamic trapping and light-stimulated release of both DNA and proteins. Self-assembled ternary complexes act as nanoscale carriers, comprising vesicles of amphiphilic cyclodextrin, the target biomolecules and linker molecules with an azobenzene unit and a charged functionality. The non-covalent linker binds to the cyclodextrin by host–guest complexation with the azobenzene. Proteins or DNA are then bound to the functionalized vesicles through multivalent electrostatic attraction. The photoresponse of the host–guest complex allows a light-induced switch from the multivalent state that can bind the biomolecules to the low-affinity state of the free linker, thereby providing external control over the cargo release. The major advantage of this delivery approach is the wide variety of targets that can be addressed by multivalent electrostatic interaction, which we demonstrate on four types of DNA and six different proteins.
    Chemistry - A European Journal 01/2015; 21(8). DOI:10.1002/chem.201405936 · 5.70 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Aluminium- and gallium-functionalised alkenylalkynylgermanes, R12Ge(CCR2)[C{E(CMe3)2}C(H)R2] (E=Al, Ga), exhibit a close contact between the coordinatively unsaturated Al or Ga atoms and the α-C atoms of the intact ethynyl groups. These interactions activate the GeC(alkynyl) bonds and favour the thermally induced insertion of these C atoms into the EC(vinyl) bonds by means of 1,1-carbalumination or 1,1-carbagallation reactions. For the first time the latter method was shown to be a powerful alternative to known metallation processes. Germacyclobutenes with an unsaturated GeC3 heterocycle and endo- and exocyclic CC bonds resulted from concomitant GeC bond formation to the β-C atoms of the alkynyl groups. These heterocyclic compounds show an interesting photoluminescence behaviour with Stokes shifts of >110 nm. The fascinating properties are based on extended π-delocalisation including σ*-orbitals localised at Ge and Al. High-level quantum chemical DFT and TD-DFT calculations for an Al compound were applied to elucidate their absorption and emission properties. They revealed a biradical excited state with the transfer of a π-electron into the empty p-orbital at Al and a pyramidalisation of the metal atom.
    Chemistry - A European Journal 12/2014; 21(6). DOI:10.1002/chem.201405739 · 5.70 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Friction and adhesion between two β-cyclodextrin functionalized surfaces can be switched reversibly by external light stimuli. The interaction between the cyclodextrin molecules attached to the tip of an atomic force microscope and a silicon wafer surface is mediated by complexation of ditopic azobenzene guest molecules. At the single molecule level, the rupture force of an individual complex is 61±10 pN.
    Chemical Communications 12/2014; 51(10). DOI:10.1039/C4CC09204J · 6.83 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A novel method to prepare microstructured polymer brushes using TiO2 nanoparticles and photocatalytic microcontact printing is described. It is shown that ethanol amine can be polymerized to linear polyethyleneimine (PEI) driven by the photocatalytic action of TiO2. Upon UV irradiation during microcontact printing of ethanol amine with a stamp coated with TiO2 nanoparticles, patterned polymer brushes with a length of around 50 nm are obtained.
    Chemical Communications 11/2014; 51(6). DOI:10.1039/C4CC08646E · 6.83 Impact Factor
  • Avik Samanta · Bart Jan Ravoo
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    ABSTRACT: Für die Proteomik ist die einfache und effiziente Isolierung von Proteinen aus einer Mischung essenziell. Wir beschreiben hier einen supramolekularen Ansatz, um selektiv Proteine aus einer Proteinmischung einzufangen und mithilfe eines Magnetfeldes auszufällen. Dies geschieht durch die Bildung eines multivalenten selbstorganisierten Komplexes aus einer verdünnten Lösung der folgenden drei Komponenten: Cyclodextrin-beschichtete magnetische Nanopartikel, Adamantan- und Kohlenhydrat-funktionalisierte nichtkovalente Vernetzer und Lectine. Der selbstorganisierte ternäre Komplex wird im Magnetfeld ausgefällt und kann durch die Zugabe eines konkurrierenden Bindungspartners leicht wieder in Lösung gebracht werden. Wir zeigen, dass dieser supramolekulare Ansatz zur Aufreinigung von Proteinen mithilfe magnetischer Extraktion hoch selektiv und effizient erfolgt.
    Angewandte Chemie 11/2014; 126(47). DOI:10.1002/ange.201405849
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    ABSTRACT: In this article we report the preparation and characterization of a peptide-based hydrogel, which possesses characteristic rheological properties, is pH responsive and can be functionalized at its thiol function. The tripeptide N-(fluorenyl-9-methoxycarbonyl)-L-Cys(acetamidomethyl)-L-His-L-Cys-OH 1 forms stable supramolecular aggregates in water leading to hydrogels above 1.5 wt%. Rheological analysis of the hydrogel revealed visco-elastic and shear thinning properties of samples containing 1.5 wt% of peptide 1. The hydrogel reversibly responds to pH changes. Below and above pH 6, electrostatic repulsion of the peptide results in a weakening of the three- dimensional gel network. Based on atomic force microscopy, small angle X-ray scattering and molecular dynamics simulations, it is proposed that the peptide assembles in bilayers, which form tapes that tend to entangle at higher concentrations in water. The development of functional materials based on the peptide assemblies was possible via thiol-ene-click chemistry of the free thiol function at the C-terminal cysteine unit. As a proof of concept, the functionalization with adamantyl units to give 1-Ad was shown by molecular recognition of β cyclodextrin vesicles. These vesicles were used as supramolecular cross-linkers of the assemblies of peptide 1 mixed with peptide 1-Ad leading to gel networks at a reduced peptide concentration.
    Organic & Biomolecular Chemistry 10/2014; 13(2). DOI:10.1039/C4OB02069C · 3.49 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Controlled fusion events between natural membranes composed of phospholipids with synthetic unnatural membranes will yield valuable fundamental information on the mechanism of membrane fusion. Here, fusion between vastly different phospholipid liposomes and cyclodextrin amphiphile based vesicles (CDVs) controlled by a pair of coiled coil forming lipidated peptides was investigated. Fusion events were characterized using lipid and content mixing assays and the resulting hybrid assemblies were characterized with cryo-TEM imaging. The secondary/quaternary structure of the lipidated peptides at the membrane interface was studied using circular dichroism spectroscopy. This is the first example of targeted fusion between natural and non-natural bilayer membranes and the in situ formation of hybrid CDV/liposome structures is of interest as it yields fundamental information about the mechanism through which fusion proceeds.
    Soft Matter 10/2014; 10(48). DOI:10.1039/C4SM01801J · 4.15 Impact Factor
  • Michael Kurlemann · Bart Jan Ravoo
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    ABSTRACT: Sequence-specific multivalent molecular recognition has been recognized to play a major role in biological processes. Furthermore, sequence-specific recognition motifs have been used in various artificial systems in the last years, e.g., to emulate biological processes or to build up new materials with highly specific recognition domains. In this article, we present the preparation of cyclodextrin (CD)-based strands and complementary and non-complementary strands modified with guest molecules and the investigation of their complexation behavior towards each other by isothermal titration calorimetry (ITC). As complementary binding motifs n-butyl and α-CD and adamantane and β-CD were selected. It was found that it is possible to realize sequence-specific molecular recognition by the use of host-guest chemistry, but the recognition motifs as well as the linkages have to be chosen very carefully. In the case of trivalent systems one adamantane moiety must be included to induce preferred formation of 1:1 adducts. Due to the too weak interaction between n-butyl and α-CD these systems have a negative chelate cooperativity and open adducts are preferentially formed. As soon as two adamantane moieties are present, the complementary systems have a positive chelate cooperativity and double-stranded structures are favored over open adducts. In this system the n-butyl moiety provides insufficient discrimination towards α- and β-CD and no sequence specificity is observed. By the combination of three adamantane moieties sequence specificity can be generated. Exclusively with the complementary CD sequence double-stranded structures are formed, with non-complementary strands aggregates of higher stoichiometry are generated.
    Beilstein Journal of Organic Chemistry 10/2014; 10:2428-40. DOI:10.3762/bjoc.10.253 · 2.80 Impact Factor
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    Avik Samanta · Bart Jan Ravoo
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    ABSTRACT: The easy and effective separation of proteins from a mixture is crucial in proteomics. A supramolecular method is described to selectively capture and precipitate one protein from a protein mixture upon application of a magnetic field. A multivalent complex self-assembles in a dilute aqueous solution of three components: magnetic nanoparticles capped with cyclodextrin, non-covalent cross-linkers with an adamantane and a carbohydrate moiety, and lectins. The self-assembled ternary complex is precipitated in a magnetic field and readily redispersed with the aid of a non-ionic surfactant and competitive binding agents. This strategy to purify proteins by supramolecular magnetic precipitation is highly selective and efficient.
    Angewandte Chemie International Edition 09/2014; DOI:10.1002/anie.201405849R1 · 11.26 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Exploiting metal-organic framework (MOF) materials as novel building blocks to construct superstructures with extended and enhanced functions represents a big challenge. In biological systems, the ordering of many components is not achieved by interaction of the components with each other, but by interaction of each component with the host protein which provides a matrix to support the entire assembly. Inspired by biological systems, in this work, a general strategy for efficient spatial arrangement of MOF materials was developed by using spherical colloidal crystals as host matrices, affording a new class of highly tunable MOF composite spheres with a series of distinctive properties. It was found that the synergetic combination of the unique features of both MOF and photonic colloidal crystal imparted these hierarchically structured spheres intrinsic optical properties, specific molecular recognition with self-reporting signalling, derivatization capability, and anisotropy. More importantly, the unique photonic band-gap structure integrated in these composite spheres provides a more convenient means to manipulate the photophysical and photochemical behaviour of the trapped guest molecules in MOF nanocavities.
    Nanoscale 09/2014; 6(20). DOI:10.1039/c4nr03095h · 7.39 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Bioorthogonal ligation methods are the focus of current research due to their versatile applications in biotechnology and materials science for post-functionalization and immobilization of biomolecules. Recently, inverse electron demand Diels-Alder (iEDDA) reactions employing 1,2,4,5-tetrazines as electron deficient dienes emerged as powerful tools in this field. We adapted iEDDA in microcontact chemistry (μCC) in order to create enhanced surface functions. μCC is a straightforward soft-lithography technique which enables fast and large area patterning with high pattern resolutions. In this work, tetrazine functionalized surfaces were reacted with carbohydrates conjugated with norbornene or cyclooctyne acting as strained electron rich dienophiles employing μCC. It was possible to create monofunctional as well as bifunctional substrates which were specifically addressable by proteins. Furthermore we structured glass supported alkene terminated self-assembled monolayers with a tetrazine conjugated atom transfer radical polymerization (ATRP) initiator enabling surface grafted polymerizations of poly(methylacrylate) brushes. The success of the surface initiated iEDDA via μCC as well as the functionalization with natural and synthetic polymers was verified via fluorescence and optical microscopy, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), time-of-flight secondary ion mass spectrometry (ToF-SIMS), atomic force microscopy (AFM) and attenuated total reflection Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (ATR-FTIR).
    Organic & Biomolecular Chemistry 08/2014; 12(39). DOI:10.1039/c4ob01379d · 3.49 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In this article, we report a light-responsive supramolecular system based on the host–guest interaction of β-cyclodextrin covered silica nanoparticles and a bifunctional, noncovalent azobenzene linker in dilute aqueous solution. β-Cyclodextrin was immobilized onto silica nanoparticles either by nucleophilic substitution or by thiol–ene click chemistry. Azobenzene has two isomers which can be converted into each other by alternating irradiation with visible light (λ = 465 nm) and UV light (λ = 350 nm). When using visible light, the trans isomer of the azobenzene moieties on the linker bind to the β-cyclodextrin cavities on the nanoparticle surface leading to aggregation of the nanoparticles. The aggregation is reversible, since irradiation with UV light leads to the formation of the cis isomer of the azobenzene linker, dissociation of the azobenzene and the cyclodextrin, and subsequent dispersion of the nanoparticles. The light-responsive supramolecular system is investigated by using optical density measurements (OD600), DLS and TEM measurements.
    06/2014; 2(25). DOI:10.1039/C4TA01359J
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    Avik Samanta · Bart Jan Ravoo
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    ABSTRACT: Chemical, photochemical and electrical stimuli are versatile possibilities to exert external control on self-assembled materials. Here, a trifunctional molecule that switches between an "adhesive" and a "non-adhesive" state in response to metal ions, or light, or oxidation is presented. To this end, an azobenzene-ferrocene conjugate with a flexible N,N'-bis(3-aminopropyl)ethylenediamine spacer was designed as a multistimuli-responsive guest molecule that can form inclusion complexes with β-cyclodextrin. In the absence of any stimulus the guest molecule induces reversible aggregation of host vesicles composed of amphiphilic β-cyclodextrin due to the formation of intervesicular inclusion complexes. In this case, the guest molecule operates as a noncovalent cross-linker for the host vesicles. In response to any of three external stimuli (metal ions, UV irradiation, or oxidation), the conformation of the guest molecule changes and its affinity for the host vesicles is strongly reduced, which results in the dissociation of intervesicular complexes. Upon elimination or reversal of the stimuli (sequestration of metal ion, visible irradiation, or reduction) the affinity of the guest molecules for the host vesicles is restored. The reversible cross-linking and aggregation of the cyclodextrin vesicles in dilute aqueous solution was confirmed by isothermal titration calorimetry (ITC), optical density measurements at 600 nm (OD600 ), dynamic light scattering (DLS), ζ-potential measurements and cyclic voltammetry (CV). To the best of our knowledge, a dynamic supramolecular system based on a molecular switch that responds orthogonally to three different stimuli is unprecedented.
    Chemistry - A European Journal 04/2014; 20(17). DOI:10.1002/chem.201304658 · 5.70 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

3k Citations
865.19 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2008–2015
    • University of Münster
      • Institute of Organic Chemistry
      Muenster, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany
  • 2004–2008
    • Universiteit Twente
      • Institute for Nanotechnology (MESA+)
      Enschede, Overijssel, Netherlands
  • 2007
    • Technische Universiteit Eindhoven
      Eindhoven, North Brabant, Netherlands
  • 2006
    • Carl von Ossietzky Universität Oldenburg
      • Department of Chemistry and Biology of the Marine Environment (ICBM)
      Oldenburg, Lower Saxony, Germany
  • 2000–2005
    • University College Dublin
      • Centre for Synthesis and Chemical Biology
      Dublin, Leinster, Ireland
  • 1994–2001
    • University of Groningen
      • • Groningen Biomolecular Sciences and Biotechnology Institute (GBB)
      • • Molecular Inorganic Chemistry Group
      Groningen, Groningen, Netherlands