Hyeon-Hee Yu

Kunsan National University, Gunzan, North Jeolla, South Korea

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Publications (18)41.26 Total impact

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Curcuma longa (C. longa) has been used as a spice in foods and as an antimicrobial in Oriental medicine. In this study, we evaluated the inhibitory effects of an essential oil isolated from C. longa on the cariogenic properties of Streptococcus mutans (S. mutans), which is an important bacterium in dental plaque and dental caries formation. First, the inhibitory effects of C. longa essential oil on the growth and acid production of S. mutans were tested. Next, the effect of C. longa essential oil on adhesion to saliva-coated hydroxyapatite beads (S-HAs) was investigated. C. longa essential oil inhibited the growth and acid production of S. mutans at concentrations from 0.5 to 4 mg/mL. The essential oil also exhibited significant inhibition of S. mutans adherence to S-HAs at concentrations higher than 0.5 mg/mL. S. mutans biofilm formation was determined by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and safranin staining. The essential oil of C. longa inhibited the formation of S. mutans biofilms at concentrations higher than 0.5 mg/mL. The components of C. longa essential oil were then analyzed by GC and GC-MS, and the major components were α-turmerone (35.59%), germacrone (19.02%), α-zingiberene (8.74%), αr-turmerone (6.31%), trans-β-elemenone (5.65%), curlone (5.45%), and β-sesquiphellandrene (4.73%). These results suggest that C. longa may inhibit the cariogenic properties of S. mutans.
    Journal of Food Science 11/2011; 76(9):H226-30. · 1.78 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Aralia continentalis has been used in traditional Korean medicine for dental diseases such as toothache, dental caries, periodontal disease and gingivitis, and also has been used for neuralgia, analgesia, sweating, and as an antirheumatic. The present study was designed to investigate the inhibitory effect of Aralia continentalis extract on cariogenic properties of Streptococcus mutans, which is one of the most important bacteria in the formation of dental caries and dental plaque. The inhibitory effects of Aralia continentalis extract on the growth, acid production, water-insoluble glucan synthesis, and adhesion were investigated in Streptococcus mutans. The biofilm formation of Streptococcus mutans was determined by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and safranin staining. The ethanol extract of Aralia continentalis showed concentration dependent inhibitory activity on the growth of Streptococcus mutans and significant inhibition of acid production at the concentrations of 0.25, 0.5, 1, 2 and 4 mg/ml compared to the control group. The synthesis of water-insoluble glucan by glucosyltransferase (GTFase) was decreased in the presence of 0.5-4 mg/ml of the extract of Aralia continentalis. The extract markedly inhibited Streptococcus mutans adherence to saliva-coated hydroxyapatite beads (S-HAs). The extract of Aralia continentalis has an inhibitory effect on the formation of Streptococcus mutans biofilms at the concentrations higher than 2mg/ml. These results suggest that Aralia continentalis may inhibit cariogenic properties of Streptococcus mutans, and also may support the scientific rationale that native inhabitants used the extract for the treatment of dental diseases.
    Journal of ethnopharmacology 09/2011; 137(2):979-84. · 2.32 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The radix of Pueraria thunbergiana (P. thunbergiana) is traditionally prescribed to attenuate the clinical manifestation of inner ear dysfunction and various clinical situations including fevers, gastrointestinal disorders, skin problems, migraine headaches, lowering cholesterol, and treating chronic alcoholism in oriental medicine. In the present study, we examined the protective effect of ethanol extract of the radix of P. thunbergiana (RPT) on cisplatin-induced damage of HEI-OC1 auditory hair cells. When the cells were cultured in the medium containing 5-100 microg/mL of RPT, RPT showed protective effect against the cisplatin-induced HEI-OC1 cell damage. We also measured the effects of RPT on lipid peroxidation of cisplatin-treated cells as well as scavenging activities against superoxide radical, hydroxyl radical, hydrogen peroxide, and DPPH radical. RPT reduced cisplatin-induced lipid peroxidation in a dose-dependent manner. Furthermore, RPT showed strong scavenging activity against superoxide radical, hydroxyl radical, hydrogen peroxide, and DPPH radical. These results indicate that RPT protects cisplatin-induced HEI-OC1 cell damage through inhibition of lipid peroxidation and scavenging activities of free radials.
    Phytotherapy Research 12/2009; 24(6):834-9. · 2.07 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The fruits of Cornus officinalis have been used in traditional oriental medicine for treatment of inner ear diseases, such as tinnitus and hearing loss. In the present study, we investigated the protective effect of C. officinalis on hydrogen peroxide-induced cytotoxicity in HEI-OC1 auditory cells. The results from bioassay-guided fractionation of methanol extract of C. officinalis fruits showed that ursolic acid is a major active component. Ursolic acid (0.05-2 microg/ml) had protective effect against the HEI-OC1 cell damage and reduced lipid peroxidation in a dose-dependent manner. In addition, pre-treatment with ursolic acid significantly attenuated the decrease of activities of catalase (CAT) and glutathione peroxidase (GPX), but superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity was not significantly affected by ursolic acid. These results indicate that ursolic acid protects hydrogen peroxide-induced HEI-OC1 cell damage through inhibition of lipid peroxidation and induction of antioxidant enzymes, CAT and GPX, and may be one of the active components responsible for these effects of C. officinalis fruits.
    The American Journal of Chinese Medicine 02/2009; 37(4):735-46. · 2.28 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In the present study, inhibitory effects of the ethanol extract of Saussurea lappa (S. lappa) on the growth, acid production, adhesion, and water-insoluble glucan synthesis of Streptococcus mutans (S. mutans) were examined. The growth and acid production of Streptococcus mutans were inhibited by the presence of ethanol extract of Saussurea lappa (0.5-4 mg/ml) significantly. The ethanol extract of Saussurea lappa (0.25-4 mg/ml) also significantly lowered the adherence of Streptococcus mutans in a dose dependent manner. In water-insoluble glucan synthesis assay, 2-4 mg/ml of the ethanol extract of Saussurea lappa significantly inhibited the formation of water-insoluble glucan. These results suggest that Saussurea lappa may inhibit the caries-inducing properties of Streptococcus mutans. Further studies are necessary to clarify the active constituents of Saussurea lappa responsible for such biomolecular activities.
    Journal of Ethnopharmacology 06/2007; 111(2):413-7. · 2.76 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Streptococcus mutans (S. mutans) is known as the causative bacteria in the formation of dental plaque and dental caries. The aim of this experiment was to investigate the effects of Cyperus rotundus (C. rotundus) tuber extract on the growth, acid production, adhesion, and water-insoluble glucan synthesis of S. mutans. The growth and acid production were reduced by the extract of C. rotundus in a dose dependent manner. The extract of C. rotundus markedly inhibited the adherence of S. mutans to saliva-coated hydroxyapatite beads (HAs). The adherence was repressed by more than 50% at the concentration of 0.5 mg/ml of the extract and complete inhibition was observed at the concentration of 4 mg/ml of the extract. On the activity of glucosyltransferase (GTFase) which synthesizes water-insoluble glucan from sucrose, the extract of C. rotundus showed more than 10% inhibition at a concentration of 2 mg/ml. These results suggest that C. rotundus may inhibit cariogenic properties of S. mutans. Further studies are necessary to clarify the active constituents of C. rotundus responsible for such biomolecular activities.
    The American Journal of Chinese Medicine 02/2007; 35(3):497-505. · 2.28 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The steamed root of Rehmannia glutinosa has been used in traditional Oriental Medicine for treatment of inner ear diseases, such as tinnitus and hearing loss. In the present study, we showed that the ethanol extract of steamed roots of Rehmannia glutinosa (SRG) protected HEI-OC1 auditory cells from cisplatin cytotoxicity in a dose-dependent fashion. In addition, to investigate the protection mechanism of SRG on cisplatin cytotoxicity towards HEI-OC1, we measured the effects of SRG on lipid peroxidation of cisplatin treated cells as well as scavenging activities against superoxide radical, hydroxyl radical, hydrogen peroxide, and DPPH radical. SRG (5-100 microg/ml) had protective effect against the cisplatin-induced HEI-OC1 cell damage and reduced lipid peroxidation in a dose-dependent manner. Furthermore, SRG showed strong scavenging activity against superoxide radical, hydroxyl radical, hydrogen peroxide, and DPPH radical. These results indicate that SRG protects cisplatin-induced HEI-OC1 cell damage through inhibition of lipid peroxidation and scavenging activities of free radials.
    Journal of Ethnopharmacology 11/2006; 107(3):383-8. · 2.76 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Scoparone is a major component of the shoot of Artemisia capillaris (Compositae), which has been used for the treatment of hepatitis and biliary tract infection in oriental countries. In this study, the effects of scoparone on the expression of interleukin-8 (IL-8) and monocyte chemotactic protein-1 (MCP-1) and activation of nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB) were examined in U937 human monocytes activated with phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA). Scoparone (5-100 microM) had no cytotoxic effect in unstimulated cells and concentration-dependently reversed PMA-induced toxicity in the cells stimulated with PMA. Scoparone concentration-dependently reduced the release of IL-8 and MCP-1 protein and expression of IL-8 and MCP-1 mRNA levels induced by PMA. Moreover, scoparone inhibited the levels of NF-kappaB-DNA complex and NF-kappaB activity in the cells stimulated with PMA in a concentration-dependent manner. Scoparone dose-dependently inhibited the phosphorylation of IkappaBalpha and nuclear translocation of NF-kappaB1 p50, RelA p65, and c-Rel p75. These data suggest that scoparone may inhibit the expression of chemokines (IL-8 and MCP-1) in PMA-stimulated U937 cells and a potential mechanism of scoparone may be inhibition of NF-kappaB activation, which is linked to inhibition of NF-kappaB subunits (NF-kappaB1 p50, RelA p65, and c-Rel p75) translocation via suppression of IkappaBalpha phosphorylation.
    Life Sciences 06/2006; 78(25):2937-43. · 2.56 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Asarum sieboldii has been used in traditional folk medicine to treat dental caries and periodontal disease. In the present study, we investigated the inhibitory effect of the ethanol and aqueous extracts of A. sieboldii on the growth, acid production, adhesion, and water-insoluble glucan synthesis of Streptococcus mutans. The ethanol and aqueous extracts of A. sieboldii inhibited the growth and acid production of S. mutans. In the bacterial adherence assay, the ethanol and aqueous extracts of A. sieboldii significantly lowered the adherence of S. mutans. We also found that the ethanol and aqueous extracts of A. sieboldii significantly inhibited the synthesis of water-insoluble glucan by crude glucosyltransferase. These results suggest that A. sieboldii extracts may inhibit the caries-inducing properties of S. mutans. Further studies are necessary to clarify the active constituents of A. sieboldii extracts responsible for such biomolecular activities.
    Journal of Medicinal Food 02/2006; 9(4):505-9. · 1.64 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Steamed roots of Rehmannia glutinosa (R. glutinosa) have been traditionally used in Oriental medicine for the treatment of auditory diseases such as tinnitus and hearing loss. To investigate whether the ethanol extract of steamed roots of R. glutinosa (SRG) increases activity of antioxidant enzymes and the level of glutathione (GSH), we measured activities of superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), glutathione peroxidase (GPX), and glutathione reductase (GR) and GSH level in HEI-OC1 cells after treatment with 5-50 microg/ml of SRG. The SOD and CAT activities were significantly increased in the presence of SRG compared to the control group. Maximal activities of SOD and CAT were observed in these cells exposed to 10 microg/ml of SRG. The GPX activity also increased dramatically in response to the treatment with SRG in a dose-dependent manner. The GR activity was only increased in the presence of 50 microg/ml of SRG compared to the control group. The level of GSH gradually increased in the presence of 5-50 microg/ml of SRG. In the cytotoxicity test, 5-50 microg/ml of SRG did not show any significant cytotoxicity. These results suggest that the traditional use of R. glutinosa for the treatment of auditory diseases may be explained, in part, by activation of intracellular antioxidant enzyme systems. Further studies are necessary to clarify the active constituents of SRG responsible for such biomolecular activities.
    The American Journal of Chinese Medicine 02/2006; 34(6):1083-93. · 2.28 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) has been emerging worldwide as one of the most important hospital and community pathogens. Therefore, new agents are needed to treat MRSA associated infections. The present study investigated the antimicrobial activity of ethyl acetate, methanol and water extracts of Curcuma longa L. (C. longa) against MRSA. The ethyl acetate extract of C. longa demonstrated a higher antibacterial activity than the methanol extract or water extract. Since the ethyl acetate extract was more active than the other extracts, the study examined whether the ethyl acetate extract could restore the antibacterial activity of beta-lactams and alter the MRSA invasion of human mucosal fibroblasts (HMFs). In the checkerboard test, the ethyl acetate extract of C. longa markedly lowered the MICs of ampicillin and oxacillin against MRSA. In the bacterial invasion assay, MRSA intracellular invasion was significantly decreased in the presence of 0.125-2 mg/mL of C. longa extract compared with the control group. These results suggest that the ethyl acetate extract of C. longa may have antibacterial activity and the potential to restore the effectiveness of beta-lactams against MRSA, and inhibit the MRSA invasion of HMFs.
    Phytotherapy Research 08/2005; 19(7):599-604. · 2.07 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) bacteria have been responsible for substantial morbidity and mortality in hospitals because they usually have multidrug resistance. Some natural products are candidates as new antibiotic substances. In the present study, we investigated the antimicrobial activity of berberine, the main antibacterial substance of Coptidis rhizoma (Coptis chinensis Franch) and Phellodendri cortex (Phellodendron amurense Ruprecht), against clinical isolates of MRSA, and the effects of berberine on the adhesion to MRSA and intracellular invasion into human gingival fibroblasts (HGFs). Berberine showed antimicrobial activity against all tested strains of MRSA. Minimum inhibition concentrations (MICs) of berberine against MRSA ranged from 32 to 128 microg/mL. Ninety percent inhibition of MRSA was obtained with 64 microg/mL or less of berberine. In the checkerboard dilution test, berberine markedly lowered the MICs of ampicillin and oxacillin against MRSA. An additive effect was found between berberine and ampicillin, and a synergistic effect was found between berberine and oxacillin against MRSA. In the presence of 1-50 microg/mL berberine, MRSA adhesion and intracellular invasion were notably decreased compared with the vehicle-treated control group. These results suggest that berberine may have antimicrobial activity and the potential to restore the effectiveness of beta-lactam antibiotics against MRSA, and inhibit the MRSA adhesion and intracellular invasion in HGFs.
    Journal of Medicinal Food 02/2005; 8(4):454-61. · 1.64 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We studied the inhibitory effect of Powerdental on the growth and acid production of Streptococcus mutans as well as secretion of pro-inflammatory cytokine tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha). The growth of Streptococcus mutans was reduced by the presence of the Powerdental (1 mg/ml) and NaCl (1 mg/ml) significantly, and the positive control group (1% NaF) also exhibited a significant antibacterial activity. The decrease of pH was significantly inhibited in the presence of Powerdental (1 mg/ml) compared to the control group. The decrease in pH was also inhibited in the presence of positive control (1% NaF), but the bamboo salt alone did not show inhibitory activity. We also found that Powerdental (0.01 mg/ml) inhibited significantly the secretion of TNF-alpha with 46.5+/-0.2% from human mast cells. Our results suggest that Powerdental contributes to the prevention or treatment of periodontitis and other oral diseases or inflammatory diseases.
    Journal of Ethnopharmacology 07/2004; 92(2-3):331-5. · 2.76 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In the present study, we investigated antimicrobial activity of Caesalpinia sappan against clinical isolates of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) and effect of Caesalpinia sappan extract on the invasion of MRSA to human mucosal fibroblasts (HMFs). Chloroform, n-butanol, methanol, and aqueous extracts of the Caesalpinia sappan showed antimicrobial activity against standard methicillin-sensitive Staphylococcus aureus (MSSA) as well as MRSA. Methanol extract of Caesalpinia sappan demonstrated a higher inhibitory activity than n-butanol, chloroform, and aqueous extracts. In the checkerboard dilution method, methanol extract of Caesalpinia sappan markedly lowered the minimal inhibitory concentrations (MICs) of ampicillin and oxacillin against MRSA. To determine whether methanol extract of Caesalpinia sappan inhibits the MRSA invasion to HMFs, the cells were treated with various sub-MIC concentrations of methanol extract and bacterial invasion was assayed. MRSA invasion was notably decreased in the presence of 20-80 microg/ml of Caesalpinia sappan extract compared to the control group. The effect of Caesalpinia sappan extract on MRSA invasion appeared dose-dependent. These results suggest that methanol extract of Caesalpinia sappan may have antimicrobial activity and the potential to restore the effectiveness of beta-lactam antibiotics against MRSA, and inhibit the MRSA invasion to HMFs.
    Journal of Ethnopharmacology 04/2004; 91(1):81-7. · 2.76 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The chemical composition of the essential oil from Artemisia iwayomogi Kitamura was analyzed by means of GC and GC-MS. Eighty-five constituents were identified representing 96.23 % of the total oil. Camphor (19.31 %), 1,8-cineole (19.25 %), borneol (18.96 %), camphene (4.64 %), and beta-caryophyllene (3.46 %) were found to be the major components. Furthermore, the oil exhibited antibacterial activity against six Gram-(+) and six Gram-(-) bacteria in tests using the broth dilution method.
    Planta Medica 01/2004; 69(12):1159-62. · 2.35 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The inhibitory effects of tanshinone IIA, a diterpene isolated from Salvia miltiorrhiza root, on the production of nitric oxide (NO), interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta), interleukin-6 (IL-6) and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha), and the expression of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) were investigated in activated RAW 264.7 cells. This compound markedly inhibited the production of NO, IL-1beta and TNF-alpha, and suppressed the expression of iNOS in a dose-dependent manner. These results suggest that the traditional use of S. miltiorrhiza as an anti-inflammatory herbal medicine may be explained, in part, by the inhibition of NO, IL-1beta, IL-6 and TNF-alpha production, and expression of iNOS.
    Planta Medica 12/2003; 69(11):1057-9. · 2.35 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The essential oil of Chrysanthemum boreale Makino was analyzed by means of GC and GC-MS. Eighty-seven constituents were identified, representing 94.13 % of the total oil and the major components were camphor, alpha-thujone, cis-chrysanthenol, 1,8-cineole, alpha-pinene, and beta-caryophyllene. Furthermore, the essential oil exhibited antibacterial activity (MIC, more than 800 microg/mL versus 0.125 microg/mL for ampicillin) after it was tested against 6 Gram(+) bacteria and 8 Gram(-) bacteria.
    Planta Medica 04/2003; 69(3):274-7. · 2.35 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Sophorae Radix, the dried roots of Sophora flavescens AITON (Leguminosae), has been used in Oriental traditional medicine for treatment of skin and mucosal ulcers, sores, gastrointestinal hemorrhage, diarrhea, inflammation and arrhythmia. In the present study, we examine the effect of the aqueous extract of Sophorae Radix (AESR) on cell proliferation and cell cycle regulation in human oral mucosal fibroblasts (HOMFs). To study the molecular mechanisms of cell cycle regulation by AESR, we also measured the intracellular levels of cell cycle regulatory proteins such as cyclin D, cyclin-dependent kinases (CDK)-4, CDK-6, cyclin E, CDK-2, p53, p21WAF1/CIP1 and p16INK4A. Cell proliferation was increased in the presence of 10 approximately 500 microg/ml of AESR. Maximal growth stimulation was observed in those cells exposed to 100 microg/ml of AESR. Exposure of HOMFs to 100 microg/ml of AESR resulted in an increase of cell cycle progression. The levels of cyclin E and CDK-2 were increased in HOMFs after 100 microg/ml of AESR treatment, but the levels of cyclin D, CDK-4, and CDK-6 were unchanged. After exposure to 100 microg/ml of AESR, the protein levels of p16INK4A and p53 were decreased as compared to that of the control group, but the level of p21WAF1/CIP1 was similar in the cells treated with 100 microg/ml of AESR and untreated cells. The results suggest that AESR may increase cell proliferation and cell cycle progression in HOMFs, which is linked to increased cellular levels of cyclin E and CDK-2 and decreased cellular levels of p53 and p16INK4A. Further studies are necessary to clarify the active constituents of AESR responsible for such biomolecular activities.
    The American Journal of Chinese Medicine 02/2003; 31(4):563-72. · 2.28 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

236 Citations
41.26 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2005–2011
    • Kunsan National University
      • Department of Food and Nutrition
      Gunzan, North Jeolla, South Korea
  • 2003–2011
    • Wonkwang University
      • • Department of Food and Nutrition
      • • College of Pharmacy
      • • Department of Dentistry
      Iksan, North Jeolla, South Korea
  • 2006
    • Seojeong College
      Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea