ABSTRACT: Mesalazine (5-aminosalicylic acid, 5-ASA) containing formulations represent a cornerstone in the treatment of inflammatory bowel diseases. A novel formulation with an Eudragit L/S mixture coating has been developed to provide selective release of 5-ASA to the ileo-caecal region and the colon.
To determine the release of 5-ASA during the gastrointestinal transit.
A single oral dose of mesalazine EC 500 mg gastroresistant tablets (Asamax) was administered to eight healthy male volunteers. Gastrointestinal transit and tablet disintegration were monitored by scintigraphy. 5-ASA release was verified by assessing plasma pharmacokinetics.
Initial tablet disintegration was observed 5.65 +/- 0.86 h after dosing, corresponding to the detection of 5-ASA in plasma. This occurred in the ileo-caecal region in three subjects and the ascending colon in the remaining five. The relative percentage of 5-ASA absorption was more pronounced in the ascending colon (41 +/- 27.4%) than the ileo-caecal region (6.6 +/- 9.2%).
This mesalazine EC gastroresistant tablets release locally active 5-ASA specifically in the ileo-caecal region and the ascending colon.
Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics 02/2006; 23(1):137-44. · 3.77 Impact Factor
ABSTRACT: The aims of the study were to: (1) evaluate the gastrointestinal transit, release and absorption of budesonide from tablets with a new multimatrix formulation (MMX) designed to release the drug throughout the whole colon, and (2) assess the influence of food on budesonide bioavailability.
Two phase I studies, each comprising 12 healthy males, were performed. Gastrointestinal transit of (153)Sm-labelled tablets containing 9 mg budesonide was evaluated by means of pharmaco-scintigraphy. The effect of food was tested by comparing plasma pharmacokinetics after intake of a high fat and high calorie breakfast with fasting controls.
(153)Sm-labelled tablets reached the ascending colon after a mean +/- SD 9.8 +/- 6.9 h. Initial tablet disintegration was observed in the ileum in 42% and the ascending and transverse colon in 33% of subjects. Ninety-six per cent of the dose was absorbed into the systemic circulation during passage through the whole colon including the sigmoid. Food significantly decreased C(max) values from 1429 +/- 1014 to 1040 +/- 601 pg mL(-1) (P = 0.028) and AUC values from 14 814 +/- 11 254 to 13 486 +/- 9369 pg h(-1) mL(-1) (P = 0.008). Mean residence time and t(max) increased by 12-29%. There was no drug accumulation after 1 week of once daily oral administration of budesomide.
MMX-budesonide tablets appear suitable for targeted colonic drug delivery. Transit parameters and low systemic bioavailability warrant further studies with the new formulation.
British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology 02/2006; 61(1):31-8. · 2.96 Impact Factor
ABSTRACT: Mesalazine (5-aminosalicylic acid, 5-ASA)-containing formulations represent a cornerstone in the treatment of inflammatory bowel diseases. Recently, a new formulation has been developed to provide selective and more homogeneous release of 5-ASA compared to traditional systems.
In a first study, gastrointestinal transit was followed by gamma-scintigraphy after single-dose application of tablets containing 1200 mg mesalazine to 12 healthy male volunteers. 5-ASA release was verified by the assessment of plasma pharmacokinetics. In a second, 7-day, multiple-dose study, the steady state plasma pharmacokinetics, urinary excretion and safety profile were characterized after twice-daily tablet administration to 12 healthy volunteers.
Tablet erosion started after 6.9 +/- 1.1 h in the ascending or transverse colon. Radioactivity spread homogeneously throughout the colon, indicating the sustained release of active 5-ASA. Plasma kinetics indicated an earlier initial absorption of 5-ASA, i.e. during transit of the small intestine and ileum. Mean Cmax values (350.6 +/- 322.6 ng/mL) were observed during location in the ileo-caecal region. The mean relative absorption of 5-ASA was 19.9 +/- 18.2% in the small intestine and ileum and 80.1 +/- 18.2% in the colon.
The administration of the new mesalazine formulation was well tolerated, and 5-ASA was continuously released along the whole colon, a favourable prerequisite for the therapy of distally located inflammatory bowel disease.
Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics 03/2003; 17(3):395-402. · 3.77 Impact Factor