Siegfried Lang

Universität Heidelberg, Heidelburg, Baden-Württemberg, Germany

Are you Siegfried Lang?

Claim your profile

Publications (70)305.91 Total impact

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To evaluate diagnostic and long-term prognostic values of hFABP compared to NT-proBNP and troponin I (TnI) in patients presenting to the emergency department (ED) suspected of acute heart failure (AHF). 401 patients with acute dyspnea or peripheral edema, 122 suffering from AHF, were prospectively enrolled and followed up to 5 years. hFABP combined with NT-proBNP versus NT-proBNP alone was tested for AHF diagnosis. Prognostic value of hFABP versus TnI was evaluated in models predicting all-cause mortality (ACM) and AHF related rehospitalization (AHF-RH) at 1 and 5 years, including 11 conventional risk factors plus NT-proBNP. Additional hFABP measurements improved diagnostic specificity and positive predictive value (PPV) of sole NT-proBNP testing at the cutoff <300 ng/l to "rule out" AHF. Highest hFABP levels (4th quartile) were associated with increased ACM (hazard ratios (HR): 2.1-2.5; p = 0.04) and AHF-RH risk at 5 years (HR 2.8-8.3, p = 0.001). ACM was better characterized in prognostic models including TnI, whereas AHF-RH was better characterized in prognostic models including hFABP. Cox analyses revealed a 2 % increase of ACM risk and 3-7 % increase of AHF-RH risk at 5 years by each unit increase of hFABP of 10 ng/ml. Combining hFABP plus NT-proBNP (<300 ng/l) only improves diagnostic specificity and PPV to rule out AHF. hFABP may improve prognosis for long-term AHF-RH, whereas TnI may improve prognosis for ACM. ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00143793 .
    BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 06/2015; 15(1):50. DOI:10.1186/s12872-015-0026-0 · 1.50 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Levels of C-reactive protein (CRP), uric acid (UA), and total bilirubin (TB) are associated with coronary artery disease and major adverse cardiac events (MACEs) in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). We retrospectively included 1167 patients with STEMI who underwent percutaneous coronary intervention and routine blood sampling. The study cohort consisted of 803 patients (73.1% male, mean age 62.5 ± 13.4 years). In men, the levels of CRP, TB, and UA were significantly higher in the MACE than in the non-MACE group (P < .05). The receiver-operating characteristic (ROC) analysis shows that CRP (area under the curve [AUC]: 0.59; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.53-0.66; P = .014) and TB (AUC: 0.58; 95% CI: 0.51-0.65; P = .019) are significantly associated with MACE but not UA (AUC: 0.61; 95% CI: 0.42-0.76; P = .083). Logistic regression revealed CRP (odds ratio [OR] 1.01; 95% CI: 1.00-1.01; P = .006) and TB (OR 2.03; 95% CI: 1.12-3.40; P = .007) as an independent predictor for MACE. In women, none of the biomarkers was associated with MACE by ROC analysis or logistic regression analysis. This study demonstrated that high CRP and TB serum levels have a prognostic association with in-hospital MACE in male patients with STEMI. © The Author(s) 2015.
    Angiology 06/2015; DOI:10.1177/0003319715589246 · 2.37 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: -Antiarrhythmic management of atrial fibrillation (AF) remains a major clinical challenge. Mechanism-based approaches to AF therapy are sought to increase effectiveness and to provide individualized patient care. K2P3.1 (TASK-1) two-pore-domain K(+) (K2P) channels have been implicated in action potential regulation in animal models. However, their role in the pathophysiology and treatment of paroxysmal and chronic AF patients is unknown. -Right and left atrial tissue was obtained from patients with paroxysmal (p) or chronic (c)AF and from sinus rhythm (SR) controls. Ion channel expression was analyzed by quantitative real-time PCR and Western blot. Membrane currents and action potentials were recorded using voltage- and current-clamp techniques. K2P3.1 subunits exhibited predominant atrial expression, and atrial K2P3.1 transcript levels were highest among functional K2P channels. K2P3.1 mRNA and protein levels were increased in cAF. Enhancement of corresponding currents in the right atrium resulted in shortened action potential duration at 90% of repolarization (APD90) compared to patients in SR. By contrast, K2P3.1 expression was not significantly affected in pAF subjects. Pharmacological K2P3.1 inhibition prolonged APD90 in atrial myocytes from cAF patients to values observed among SR subjects. -Enhancement of atrial-selective K2P3.1 currents contributes to APD shortening in cAF patients, and K2P3.1 channel inhibition reverses AF-related APD shortening. These results highlight the potential of K2P3.1 as a novel drug target for mechanism-based AF therapy.
    Circulation 05/2015; DOI:10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.114.012657 · 14.95 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: IntroductionThe aim of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic and prognostic value of presepsin in patients with severe sepsis and septic shock during the first week of ICU treatment.Methods In total, 116 patients with suspected severe sepsis or septic shock were included during the first 24 hours of ICU treatment. Blood samples for biomarker measurements of presepsin, procalcitonin (PCT), interleukin 6 (IL-6), C reactive protein (CRP) and white blood cells (WBC) were drawn at days 1, 3 and 8. All patients were followed up for six months. Biomarkers were tested for diagnosis of severe sepsis, septic shock and sepsis at days 1, 3 and 8, and for all-cause mortality prognosis at 30 days and 6 months. Diagnostic and prognostic capacities were tested by determining diagnostic cutoff levels, goodness criteria, C-statistics and multivariable Cox regression models.ResultsPresepsin increased significantly from the lowest to most severe sepsis groups at days 1, 3 and 8 (test for linear trend P <0.03). Presepsin levels revealed valuable diagnostic capacity to diagnose severe sepsis and septic shock at days 1, 3 and 8 (range of diagnostic area under the curves (AUC) 0.72 to 0.84, P = 0.0001) compared to IL-6, PCT, CRP and WBC. Goodness criteria for diagnosis of sepsis severity were analyzed (¿sepsis, cutoff = 530 pg/ml; ¿severe sepsis, cutoff = 600 pg/ml; ¿septic shock, cutoff = 700 pg/ml; P <0.03). Presepsin levels revealed significant prognostic value for 30 days and 6 months all-cause mortality (presepsin: range of AUC 0.64 to 0.71, P <0.02). Patients with presepsin levels of the 4th quartile were 5 to 7 times more likely to die after six months than patients with lower levels. The prognostic value for all-cause mortality of presepsin was comparable to that of IL-6 and better than that of PCT, CRP or WBC.Conclusions Presepsin reveals valuable diagnostic capacity to differentiate sepsis severity compared to PCT, IL-6, CRP, WBC. Additionally, presepsin and IL-6 reveal prognostic value with respect to 30 days and 6 months all-cause mortality in patients with severe sepsis and septic shock throughout the first week of ICU treatment.Trial registrationClinicalTrials.gov NCT01535534. Registered 14 February 2012.
    Critical care (London, England) 09/2014; 18(5):507. DOI:10.1186/s13054-014-0507-z
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Deep hypothermic circulatory arrest (DHCA) is a common technique used to protect vital organs during surgical interventions on the thoracic aorta or during surgery for complex congenital heart disease. Activated leukocytes are key mediators of inflammatory responses during ischemia. Intercellular crosstalk between leukocytes, platelets and endothelial cells is mediated by cell adhesion molecules. These molecules trigger complex cell-cell interaction mechanisms and initiate the release of proinflammatory molecules. One parameter that is known to have a significant impact on inflammatory cell activation and the production of proinflammatory markers is temperature. However, to the best of our knowledge, no data have yet been published on the effect of hypothermia on leukocyte surface markers during DHCA. Thus, the aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of hypothermia on the expression of cell adhesion molecules on monocytes under DHCA conditions in vitro. Blood samples collected from 11 healthy volunteers were incubated in a well-established model simulating circulatory arrest at 36°C and 18°C for 30 min. The expression of cluster of differentiation (CD) molecule 11B (CD11b), CD54 and CD162 on monocytes was measured as the mean fluorescence intensity (MFI) using flow cytometry. The expression level of CD11b on monocytes was significantly decreased following the incubation of the blood samples at 18°C compared with the level in blood samples incubated at 36°C (P<0.001). After 30 min of blood stasis in the circulatory arrest model, the expression level of CD162 on monocytes was significantly lower in the blood samples incubated at 18°C than in those incubated at 36°C (P<0.001). No association was identified between temperature and the surface expression of CD54 on monocytes following 30 min of stasis. These findings demonstrate that deep hypothermia decreases the expression of CD11b and CD162 on monocytes in an experimental setup simulating the conditions of DHCA. This may be the result of the inhibition of leukocyte-endothelial and leukocyte-platelet interactions, which may be a beneficial aspect of deep hypothermia that affects the inflammatory response and tissue damage during DHCA.
    Experimental and therapeutic medicine 08/2014; 8(2):488-492. DOI:10.3892/etm.2014.1737 · 0.94 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: As a mediator of ECM homeostasis, connective tissue growth factor (CTGF) appears to be involved in adverse structural remodeling processes in the heart. However, the diagnostic and prognostic value of CTGF levels in acute heart failure (AHF) in addition to natriuretic peptide testing has not yet been evaluated. A total of 212 patients presenting with acute dyspnea and/or peripheral edema to the Emergency Department were evaluated. CTGF and NT-proBNP plasma levels were measured at the initial presentation. All patients were followed up to 1 and 5 years. The first endpoint tested was the diagnostic non-inferiority of combined CTGF plus NT-proBNP compared to NT-proBNP alone for AHF diagnosis. Afterwards, the additional diagnostic value of CTGF plus NT-proBNP was tested. CTGF levels were higher in NYHA class III/IV and AHA/ACC class C/D patients compared to lower class patients (p = 0.04). Patients with HFREF revealed highest CTGF levels (median 93.3 pg/ml, IQR 18.2-972 pg/ml, n = 48) compared to patients with a normal heart function (i.e., without HFREF and HFPEF) (median 25.9, IQR <1-82.2 pg/ml, n = 37) (p < 0.05), followed by patients with HFPEF (median 82.2 pg/ml, IQR 11.5-447 pg/ml, n = 32) as assessed by echocardiography. Finally, CTGF levels were higher in patients with AHF (median 77.3 pg/ml, IQR 22.5-1012 pg/ml, n = 66) compared to those without (p = 0.002). CTGF plus NT-proBNP was non-inferior to NT-proBNP testing alone for AHF diagnosis (AUC difference 0.01, p > 0.05). CTGF plus NT-proBNP improved the diagnostic capacity for AHF (accuracy 82 %, specificity 83 %, positive predictive value 66 %, net reclassification improvement +0.11) compared to NT-proBNP alone (p = 0.0001). CTGF levels were not able to differentiate prognostic outcomes after 1 and 5 years. Additional CTGF measurements might lead to a better discrimination of higher functional and structural heart failure stages and might identify patients of an increased risk for an acute cardiac decompensation.
    Clinical Research in Cardiology 10/2013; DOI:10.1007/s00392-013-0626-6 · 4.17 Impact Factor
  • International journal of cardiology 08/2013; 168(5). DOI:10.1016/j.ijcard.2013.07.094 · 6.18 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To evaluate the diagnostic and prognostic value of osteopontin in patients with acute dyspnoea and/or peripheral oedema suspected of having acute congestive heart failure (aCHF). A total of 401 patients presenting with acute dyspnoea and/or peripheral oedema to the emergency department were prospectively enrolled and followed up for up to 5 years. Blood samples for biomarker measurements were collected on admission to the emergency department. Osteopontin combined with NT-proBNP vs. NT-proBNP alone for diagnosis of aCHF was tested. Additionally, osteopontin vs. NT-proBNP for prognostic outcomes (i.e. all-cause mortality, aCHF-related rehospitalization, and both in combination) was tested. The diagnostic and prognostic capacity of osteopontin was tested by C-statistics, reclassification indices, and multivariable Cox prediction models. Osteopontin plus NT-proBNP improved the diagnostic capacity for aCHF diagnosis [accuracy 76%, 95% confidence interval (CI) 72-80%; specificity 74%, 95% CI 69-79%, net reclassification improvement (NRI) +0.10] compared with NT-proBNP alone in the emergency department (P = 0.0001). Osteopontin independently predicted all-cause mortality and aCHF-related rehospitalization after 1 and 5 years. Compared with NT-proBNP, osteopontin was of superior prognostic value, specifically in aCHF patients and for the prognostic outcome of aCHF-related rehospitalization. Osteopontin improves aCHF diagnosis when combined with NT-proBNP. Osteopontin identifies aCHF patients with high 1- and 5-year mortality and rehospitalization risk, and adds prognostic value to NT-proBNP.Trial registrationNCT00143793.
    European Journal of Heart Failure 07/2013; 15(12). DOI:10.1093/eurjhf/hft112 · 6.58 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Emerging interest is seen in the paradox of defibrillator shocks for ventricular tachyarrhythmia and increased mortality risk. Particularly in patients with dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM), the prognostic importance of shocks is unclear. The purpose of this study was to compare the outcome after shocks in patients with ischemic cardiomyopathy (ICM) or DCM and defibrillators (ICD) implanted for primary prevention. Data of 561 patients were analyzed (mean age 68.6±10.6 years, mean left ventricular ejection fraction 28.6±7.3%). During a median follow-up of 49.3 months, occurrence of device therapies and all-cause mortality were recorded. 74 out of 561 patients (13.2%) experienced ≥1 appropriate and 51 out of 561 patients (9.1%) ≥1 inappropriate shock. All-cause mortality was 24.2% (136 out of 561 subjects). Appropriate shock was associated with a trend to higher mortality in the overall patient population (HR 1.48, 95% CI 0.96-2.28, log rank p = 0.072). The effect was significant in ICM patients (HR 1.61, 95% CI 1.00-2.59, log rank p = 0.049) but not in DCM patients (HR 1.03, 95% CI 0.36-2.96, log rank p = 0.96). Appropriate shocks occurring before the median follow-up revealed a much stronger impact on mortality (HR for the overall patient population 2.12, 95% CI 1.24-3.63, p = 0.005). The effect was driven by ICM patients (HR 2.48, 95% CI 1.41-4.37, p = 0.001), as appropriate shocks again did not influence survival of DCM patients (HR 0.63, 95% CI 0.083-4.75, p = 0.65). Appropriate shocks occurring after the median follow-up and inappropriate shocks occurring at any time revealed no impact on survival in any of the groups (p = ns). Appropriate shocks are associated with reduced survival in patients with ICM but not in patients with DCM and ICDs implanted for primary prevention. Furthermore, the negative effect of appropriate shocks on survival in ICM patients is only evident within the first 4 years after device implantation.
    PLoS ONE 05/2013; 8(5):e63911. DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0063911 · 3.53 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The adipokine leptin regulates energy expenditure, vascular function, bone and cartilage growth as well as the immune system and systemic inflammatory response. Several activating effects towards T cells, monocytes, endothelium cells and cytokine production have been reported suggesting a protective role of leptin in the setting of an acute systemic inflammation. However, the pathophysiological role of leptin during severe sepsis is currently not elucidated in detail. This study aims to investigate leptin expression in cultured human adipocytes within an inflammatory model and in patients suffering from severe sepsis and evaluates treatment effects of drotrecogin alpha (activated) (DAA), the recombinant form of human activated protein C. In an in-vitro inflammatory model of adipocyte cell-culture the effect of DAA on leptin mRNA expression was evaluated. Synthesis of mRNA was measured by quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR). Additionally, supernatants of these adipocytes as well as serum levels of adiponectin were measured in blood of 104 severe septic patients by ELISA-method. 26 patients were treated with DAA (DAA+), 78 patients were not treated with DAA (DAA-). Stimulation of human adipocytes with TNF alpha over 6 and 24 hours resulted in a significant decrease by 46% and 59% of leptin mRNA transcripts compared to un-stimulated controls (p < 0.05). Leptin levels of supernatants of adipocyte culture decreased by 25% and 23% (p < 0.05) after incubation with TNF alpha after 6 and 24 hours. Incubation with DAA at 50 ng/ml DAA and 5 μg/ml doubled mRNA expression significantly at 24 hours (p < 0.05) but not at 6 hours. From day 1 to day 3 of sepsis, leptin levels increased in DAA+ compared to DAA- patients (p<0.10). Leptin appears to be involved in the pathogenesis of a systemic inflammatory response during sepsis. Administration of DAA significantly increased leptin expression. The specific mechanism or even benefit of DAA towards leptin needs further ongoing research.
    BMC Infectious Diseases 09/2012; 12:217. DOI:10.1186/1471-2334-12-217 · 2.56 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The adipocyte-specific protein adiponectin reveals anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, antiatherosclerotic and vasoprotective effects. This study aims to investigate adiponectin expression in cultured human adipocytes within an inflammatory model and in patients with severe sepsis and evaluates treatment effects of drotrecogin α (activated) (DAA). In an in vitro inflammatory model of adipocyte cell culture, the effect of DAA on adiponectin mRNA expression was evaluated. Synthesis of mRNA was measured by quantitative polymerase chain reaction. Supernatants of these adipocytes and serum levels of adiponectin were measured in blood of 104 patients by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay on days 1, 3, and 5 of severe sepsis. Twenty-six patients were treated with DAA (DAA), 78 patients without DAA (DAA). Stimulation of human adipocytes with tumor necrosis factor α over 6 and 24 h resulted in a significant decrease in adiponectin mRNA transcripts. After 24 h of incubation, adiponectin mRNA expression was significantly upregulated according to applied dosages of DAA at 50 ng/mL and 5 μg/mL (P < 0.05). Accordingly, adiponectin levels of supernatants of adipocyte culture increased after 24 h (P < 0.05). DAA patients revealed significantly higher adiponectin serum levels compared with healthy controls (P < 0.1) and DAA patients (P < 0.05) at days 1 and 3. On day 5 after 96-h infusion of DAA (24 μg/kg per hour), adiponectin levels significantly increased in DAA patients and equalized toward DAA patients (P > 0.1). Adiponectin might be involved in the pathogenesis of the systemic inflammatory response during sepsis. Administration of DAA upregulates adiponectin expression under circumstances of systemic inflammation.
    Shock (Augusta, Ga.) 06/2012; 38(3):243-8. DOI:10.1097/SHK.0b013e318261e0dc · 2.73 Impact Factor
  • Source
    Journal of the American College of Cardiology 03/2012; 59(13). DOI:10.1016/S0735-1097(12)60951-6 · 15.34 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: In addition to their cholesterol lowering ability, statins have proven pleiotropic effects in the cardiovascular system. Chronic inflammation with interactions between platelets and endothelial cells leads to an upregulation of activity markers of atherosclerosis. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of simvastatin and atorvastatin on platelets and endothelial cells in an in vitro endothelial cell model. After a 24 h incubation period with either simvastatin or atorvastatin (1 μmol/L), human umbilical vein endothelial cells were stimulated for 1 h with lipopolysaccharide (LPS), and were then incubated in direct contact with activated platelets. Platelet surface expression of CD40L and CD62P and expression of ICAM-1, VCAM-1, uPAR and MT1-MMP on endothelial cells were measured by flow cytometry. Supernatants were analyzed by ELISA for soluble MMP-1. The increased expression of VCAM-1 and uPAR on endothelial cells by stimulation with LPS and by direct contact with activated platelets was significantly reduced to a similar extent through pre-incubation with both atorvastatin and simvastatin (p < 0.05). Platelets without endothelial cell contact, but in direct contact with either statin, showed similar significant reductions in surface expression of CD40L (p < 0.005). These effects may explain the ability of statins to reduce the progression of atherosclerosis in addition to their cholesterol-lowering properties.
    Cardiology journal 02/2012; 19(1):20-8. DOI:10.5603/CJ.2012.0005 · 1.22 Impact Factor
  • RöFo - Fortschritte auf dem Gebiet der R 02/2012; 184(02). DOI:10.1055/s-0031-1300918 · 1.96 Impact Factor
  • International journal of cardiology 01/2012; 155(2):291-3. DOI:10.1016/j.ijcard.2011.11.107 · 6.18 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: In standard reference sources, the incidence of coronary artery disease (CAD) in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) ranged between 24 and 46.5%. Since then, the incidence of cardiovascular risk factors (CRF) has increased and modern treatment strategies ("pill in the pocket") are only applicable to patients without structural heart disease. The aim of this study was to investigate the incidence and severity of CAD in patients with AF. From January 2005 until December 2009, we included 261 consecutive patients admitted to hospital with paroxysmal, persistent or permanent AF in this prospective study. All patients underwent coronary angiography and the Framingham risk score (FRS) was calculated. Patients with previously diagnosed or previously excluded CAD were excluded. The overall incidence of CAD in patients presenting with AF was 34%; in patients >70 years, the incidence of CAD was 41%. The incidence of patients undergoing a percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) or coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) was 21%. Patients with CAD were older (73±8 years vs 68±10 years, p = 0.001), had significantly more frequent hypercholesterolemia (60% vs 30%, p<0.001), were more frequent smokers (26% vs 13%, p = 0.017) and suffered from angina more often (37% vs 2%, p<0.001). There was a significant linear trend among the FRS categories in percentage and the prevalence of CAD and PCI/CABG (p<0.0001). The overall incidence of CAD in patients presenting with AF was relatively high at 34%; the incidence of PCI/CABG was 21%. Based upon increasing CRF in the western world, we recommend a careful investigation respecting the FRS to either definitely exclude or establish an early diagnosis of CAD--which could contribute to an early and safe therapeutic strategy considering type Ic antiarrhythmics and oral anticoagulation.
    PLoS ONE 09/2011; 6(9):e24964. DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0024964 · 3.53 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Treatment of coronary bifurcation lesions remains challenging, beyond the introduction of drug eluting stents. Dedicated stent systems are available to improve the technical approach to the treatment of these lesions. However dedicated stent systems have so far not reduced the incidence of stent restenosis. The aim of this study was to assess the expansion of the Multi-Link (ML) Frontier™ stent in human and porcine coronary arteries to provide the cardiologist with useful in-vitro information for stent implantation and selection. Nine ML Frontier™ stents were implanted in seven human autopsy heart samples with known coronary artery disease and five ML Frontier™ stents were implanted in five porcine hearts. Proximal, distal and side branch diameters (PD, DD, SBD, respectively), corresponding opening areas (PA, DA, SBA) and the mean stent length (L) were assessed by micro-computed tomography (micro-CT). PD and PA were significantly smaller in human autopsy heart samples than in porcine heart samples (3.54±0.47 mm vs. 4.04±0.22 mm, p = 0.048; 10.00±2.42 mm(2) vs. 12.84±1.38 mm(2), p = 0.034, respectively) and than those given by the manufacturer (3.54±0.47 mm vs. 4.03 mm, p = 0.014). L was smaller in human autopsy heart samples than in porcine heart samples, although data did not reach significance (16.66±1.30 mm vs. 17.30±0.51 mm, p = 0.32), and significantly smaller than that given by the manufacturer (16.66±1.30 mm vs. 18 mm, p = 0.015). Micro-CT is a feasible tool for exact surveying of dedicated stent systems and could make a contribution to the development of these devices. The proximal diameter and proximal area of the stent system were considerably smaller in human autopsy heart samples than in porcine heart samples and than those given by the manufacturer. Special consideration should be given to the stent deployment procedure (and to the follow-up) of dedicated stent systems, considering final intravascular ultrasound or optical coherence tomography to visualize (and if necessary optimize) stent expansion.
    PLoS ONE 07/2011; 6(7):e21778. DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0021778 · 3.53 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We aimed to determine the diagnostic performance of biomarkers in predicting myocardial fibrosis assessed by late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) cardiovascular magnetic resonance imaging (CMR) in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM). LGE CMR was performed in 40 consecutive patients with HCM. Left and right ventricular parameters, as well as the extent of LGE were determined and correlated to the plasma levels of midregional pro-atrial natriuretic peptide (MR-proANP), midregional pro-adrenomedullin (MR-proADM), carboxy-terminal pro-endothelin-1 (CT-proET-1), carboxy-terminal pro-vasopressin (CT-proAVP), matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9), tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-1 (TIMP-1) and interleukin-8 (IL-8). Myocardial fibrosis was assumed positive, if CMR indicated LGE. LGE was present in 26 of 40 patients with HCM (65%) with variable extent (mean: 14%, range: 1.3-42%). The extent of LGE was positively associated with MR-proANP (r = 0.4; P = 0.01). No correlations were found between LGE and MR-proADM (r = 0.1; P = 0.5), CT-proET-1 (r = 0.07; P = 0.66), CT-proAVP (r = 0.16; P = 0.3), MMP-9 (r = 0.01; P = 0.9), TIMP-1 (r = 0.02; P = 0.85), and IL-8 (r = 0.02; P = 0.89). After adjustment for confounding factors, MR-proANP was the only independent predictor associated with the presence of LGE (P = 0.007) in multivariate analysis. The area under the ROC curve (AUC) indicated good predictive performance (AUC = 0.882) of MR-proANP with respect to LGE. The odds ratio was 1.268 (95% confidence interval 1.066-1.508). The sensitivity of MR-proANP at a cut-off value of 207 pmol/L was 69%, the specificity 94%, the positive predictive value 90% and the negative predictive value 80%. The results imply that MR-proANP serves as a novel marker of myocardial fibrosis assessed by LGE CMR in patients with HCM.
    The international journal of cardiovascular imaging 04/2011; 27(4):547-56. DOI:10.1007/s10554-010-9704-2 · 2.32 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Patients with Takotsubo cardiomyopathy (TC) often present with symptoms similar to those of myocardial infarction (MI). We analyzed blood concentrations of mediators of inflammation and platelet- and monocyte-activity markers in patients with TC and MI for significant differences. Clinical data of patients with TC (n = 16) and acute MI (n = 16) were obtained. Serial blood samples were taken at the time of hospital admission (t(0)), after 2-4 days (t(1)) and after 4-7 weeks (t(2)), respectively. Plasma concentrations of interleukin (IL)-6, IL-7, soluble CD40 ligand (sCD40L), and monocyte chemotactic protein 1 (MCP-1) were determined with an ELISA. Tissue factor binding on monocytes, platelet-activation marker CD62P, platelet CD40-ligand (CD40L), and platelet-monocyte aggregates were measured using flow cytometry. Expression of CD62P on platelets and IL-6 plasma levels were significantly lower in patients with TC compared to MI at the time of hospital admission. IL-7 plasma levels were significantly elevated in patients with TC compared to patients with MI at 2-4 days after hospital admission. No significant differences were observed concerning sCD40L and MCP-1 plasma levels, tissue factor binding on monocytes, CD40L expression on platelets, and platelet-monocyte aggregates at any point in time. Our results indicate that inflammatory mediators and platelet-activity markers contribute to the differences in the pathogenesis of MI and TC.
    Heart and Vessels 03/2011; 27(2):186-92. DOI:10.1007/s00380-011-0132-6 · 2.11 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Inflammatory conditions contribute to increased expression of various activity markers in platelets and endothelial cells, leading to atherosclerotic changes in the vascular wall. The objective of this study was to investigate possible protective effects of 1α,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 in an endothelial cell model. After a 24-hour incubation with 1α,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3, human umbilical vein endothelial cells were stimulated with lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and incubated in direct contact with platelets. The expression of CD40L and CD62P in platelets, the expression of intercellular adhesion molecule-1, vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1), the urokinase receptor uPAR and membrane type 1 matrix metalloproteinase (MT1-MMP) in endothelial cells and endothelial cell reactive oxygen species generation were measured by flow cytometry. Endothelial nitric oxide synthase was analyzed by Western blot. The increased expression of VCAM-1 and MT1-MMP in endothelial cells by proinflammatory stimulation with LPS and by direct contact with activated platelets was significantly reduced through preincubation with 1α,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3. Platelets in direct contact with preincubated endothelial cells showed significantly reduced CD62P expression when compared to platelets incubated with untreated endothelial cells. 1α,25-Dihydroxyvitamin D3 attenuates platelet activation and the expression of VCAM-1 and MT1-MMP in human endothelial cells and could have early therapeutic relevance in atherosclerotic diseases.
    Cardiology 01/2011; 118(2):107-15. DOI:10.1159/000327547 · 2.04 Impact Factor