F Delarue

Institut Claudius Regaud, Tolosa de Llenguadoc, Midi-Pyrénées, France

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Publications (45)166.62 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Plasminogen activator inhibitor type 1 (PAI-1) exerts antifibrinolytic and profibrotic activities. Inside the glomerulus, PAI-1 is mainly synthesized by mesangial cells. We hypothesized that thrombin, via its receptor protease activated receptor type 1 (PAR-1), present on the membrane of glomerular cells, is an important mediator of PAI-1 synthesis. Using the technique of Peten et al., we microdissected the glomeruli of 23 kidney transplanted patients admitted in our department from 1993 to 1997, and we followed-up these patients for up to 5 years, with sometimes iterative renal biopsies. With this technique, we also microdissected the glomeruli of three patients who have had a nephrectomy for cancer (control patients). We investigated mRNA expression of the PAI-1, the thrombin receptor PAR-1, the alpha2 chain of type IV (alpha2 IV) collagen, and of a housekeeping gene (cyclophilin) by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction. The results were correlated with the renal function and the histological findings classified into acute rejection (9 biopsies), chronic rejection (22 biopsies), or normal (8 biopsies). A significant up-regulation of PAI-1 and alpha2 IV collagen mRNA was observed in acute rejection (P<0.05) when compared to normal kidneys. A positive correlation exists between alpha2 IV collagen mRNA level and the degree of cellular infiltration. A negative correlation was found between the level of mRNA of PAR-1 and the degree of vascular thrombosis (P=0.005) and glomerulosclerosis (P=0.04). A positive correlation was found between the degradation of renal function and the mRNA level of PAI-1 at the time of the renal biopsy (P<0.05). These results suggest that glomerular PAI-1 mRNA may be predictive of the long-term renal graft function.
    Transplantation 10/2001; 72(7):1256-61. · 3.78 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: New compounds have been synthesized based on the structure of the anti-tumoral drug tamoxifen and its diphenylmethane derivative, N,N-diethyl-2-[(4-phenyl-methyl)-phenoxy]-ethanamine, HCl (DPPE). These new compounds have no affinity for the estrogen receptor (ER) and bind with various affinity to the anti-estrogen binding site (AEBS). Compounds 2, 10, 12, 13, 20a, 20b, 23a, 23b, 29 exhibited 1.1-69.5 higher affinity than DPPE, and compounds 23a and 23b have 1.2 and 3.5 higher affinity than tamoxifen. Three-dimensional structure analysis, performed using the intersection of the van der Waals volume occupied by tamoxifen in its crystallographic state and the van der Waals volume of these new compounds in their calculated minimal energy conformation, correlated well with their pKi for AEBS (r = 0.84, P<0.0001, n = 18). This is the first structure-affinity relationship (SAR) ever reported for AEBS ligands. Moreover in this study we have reported the synthesis of new compounds of higher affinity than the lead compounds and that are highly specific for AEBS. Since these compounds do not bind ER they will be helpful to study AEBS mediated cytotoxicity. Moreover our study shows that our strategy is a new useful guide to design high affinity and selective ligands for AEBS.
    Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry 09/2000; 8(8):2007-16. · 2.95 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The antiestrogen binding site (AEBS) is a membranous protein complex that has been shown to be intimately linked with the antiproliferative and antiretroviral effects of certain antiestrogenic compounds such as tamoxifen (Tx). Various specific ligands of AEBS derived from benzylphenoxy ethanamine and a new benzoyl structure were synthesized either by modification of the aminoether side chain or by halogen substitution at the meta-, ortho-, and para position on the benzoyl group. Using the MCF-7 cellular strain and its RTx6 variant (a clone selected for its antigrowth resistance to tamoxifen), it was shown that under high drug concentrations the cytotoxicity of the ligands was directly correlated with their affinity for AEBS. In agreement with previous observations made on triphenylethylenic ligands, modification of the basic ethanamine side chain modulated the ligand affinities. Chloride in meta increased ligand efficacy, whereas chloride substitution in ortho and para decreased it. Effects on AEBS-positive MCF-7 cells were drug concentration- and time-dependent, whereas they were unspecific on the AEBS-negative RTx6 cell line. These cytotoxic effects were confirmed in the absence of estrogen receptor on human AEBS-positive uterine cervix cell carcinoma HeLa cells, but were non-specific on rat fibroblastic AEBS-negative (low concentration) NRK cells. The cytotoxicities of these ligands are related to their affinities for AEBS.
    Biochemical Pharmacology 04/1999; 57(6):657-61. · 4.65 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Matrix metalloprotease 2 (MMP2) is secreted in a latent inactive form (pro-MMP2) that is activated on the cell surface by a membrane-type 1 MMP (MT1-MMP) in the presence of the tissue inhibitor of MMP (TIMP2). In spite of evidence for the synthesis of MT1-MMP shown by immunoblotting, immunocytochemistry and RT-PCR, and of TIMP2, MMP2 was found exclusively in a latent form in human mesangial cells (HMC) serum-free culture medium. On purified membranes of HMC, MT1-MMP was found in a 63 kD latent form and as a faint band of 55 kD. The 55 kD band was also present in the ultracentrifuged conditioned medium and likely represented MT1-MMP cleaved from its transmembrane domain, since Northern blot analysis showed only one transcription product. The addition of urokinase plasminogen activator (uPA, 100 nM) to HMC membranes induced the activation of pro-MMP2 via the activation of latent membrane-associated MT1-MMP as reflected by the cleavage of the 63 and 55 kD forms. In addition, when the conditioned medium was successively incubated with uPA and alpha 2-macroglobulin and analyzed by immunoblotting, MT1-MMP decreased, indicating that the soluble MT1-MMP was in a latent form and was activated by uPA. Our results provide the first evidence, to our knowledge, of the existence of a soluble latent form of MT1-MMP secreted by primary human cells in culture, confirming that MT1-MMP is an ectoenzyme, and show that uPA can regulate MT1-MMP activity in a soluble phase.
    Kidney International 01/1999; 54(6):1976-84. · 8.52 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The atheroprotective properties of estrogens are supported by clinical data from postmenopausal women who use estrogen replacement therapy. However, the mechanisms mediating activity remain unknown, and it has been suggested that estrogens may help to modulate endothelial permeability to atherogenic lipoproteins. In these studies we used bovine vascular endothelial cells as an in vitro model to show that estrogens were able to regulate low-density lipoprotein transport and permeability of the endothelial monolayer. Macromolecular transport was observed to be a second-order polynomial function of estrogen concentration. Moreover, this regulation was correlated with expression of heat shock protein (HSP) 25, which is known to influence fluid phase pinocytosis and cytoskeleton remodeling, thus suggesting a role for HSP 25 in the estrogenic control of transcellular permeability of the endothelium monolayer.
    The American journal of physiology 10/1998; 275(3 Pt 2):H1011-5. · 3.28 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A tritiated photoaffinity labelling analogue of tamoxifen, [(2-azido-4-benzyl)-phenoxy]-N-ethylmorpholine (azido-MBPE), was used to identify the anti-oestrogen-binding site (AEBS) in rat liver tissue [Poirot, Chailleux, Fargin, Bayard and Faye (1990) J. Biol. Chem. 265, 17039-17043]. UV irradiation of rat liver microsomal proteins incubated with tritiated azido-MBPE led to the characterization of two photolabelled proteins of molecular masses 40 and 50 kDa. The amino acid sequences of proteolytic products from the 50 kDa protein were identical with those from rat microsomal epoxide hydrolase (mEH). Treatment of hepatocytes with anti-sense mRNA directed against mEH abolished AEBS in these cells. In addition we found that tamoxifen and N-morpholino-2-[4-(phenylmethyl)phenoxy]ethanamine, a selective ligand of AEBS, were potent inhibitors of the catalytic hydration of styrene oxide by mEH. However, functional overexpression of the human mEH did not significantly modify the binding capacity of [3H]tamoxifen. Taken together, these results suggest that the 50 kDa protein, mEH, is necessary but not sufficient to reconstitute AEBS.
    Biochemical Journal 09/1998; 334 ( Pt 1):107-12. · 4.78 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Most proteases a receptor or a binding site that serves to concentrate the proteolytic activity on the cell surface and to mediate cellular effects. We looked for such a receptor for renin, an aspartyl protease. The binding of recombinant human renin labelled with 125I was studied on primary and immortalized human mesangial cells. The binding of renin was specific, saturable and was characterized by Kd = 0.4 nM and 8,000 sites/cell and Kd = 1 nM and 2,000 sites/cell for primary and immortalized cells, respectively. The binding did not depend on the active site of the enzyme, was not followed by internalization and degradation of renin and did not modify intracellular Ca2+. Stimulation of primary cells with 100 nM induced a significant increase of 3H thymidine incorporation but was not associated with an increase of the cell number. Furthermore, incubation of mesangial cells 24 h with 100 nM renin provoked an increase of tPA and of PAI1 in the conditioned medium. This increase was not modified neither by captopril nor by angiotensin II receptors antagonists. The tPA antigen elevation was confirmed by fibrin zymography showing an increase of tPA/PAI1 complexes. But, surprisingly, the reverse zymogram showed that PAI antigen increase was associated with decreased PAI activity which was due to PAI clivage in an inactive form. PAI clivage by renin required the presence of the cells and could not be obtained by incubating renin and recombinant human PAI alone. When primary mesangial cells were cultured in the presence of a specific inhibitor of renin active site, RO 42-5982, PAI accumulation in the conditioned medium was reduced by 50-60%, suggesting that endogenous renin plays a role in PAI synthesis and/or secretion. The binding of renin does not induce cAMP and cGMP generation. However, in the presence of renin (100 nM and 1 microM) the extent of cGMP generated by CNP (10 and 100 nM) was reduced by 50%. Preliminary results of the renin receptor purification by affinity chromatography indicate that the receptor Mr is about 57 kDa.
    Néphrologie 02/1998; 19(7):411-6.
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    ABSTRACT: Since the discovery of human immunodeficiency retrovirus, the drug arsenal against retrovirus has rapidly increased. Concomitantly, new challenges in the therapy of acquired immune deficiency syndrome have arisen, including drug toxicities, drug resistance, and the development of various cancers as effective therapies prolong survival. Tamoxifen, a nonsteroidal antiestrogen with a low incidence of side effects, is widely used in cancer therapy; it is known to exert pleiotropic activities by binding essentially to the estrogen receptor and other unidentified proteins. In the present work, quantification of the p24 core protein of human immunodeficiency virus 1 produced by infected lymphocytes shows an inhibitory effect of tamoxifen on virion production. Moreover, we assume that this effect is not mediated by the estrogen receptor because antiestrogen ligands interacting with the antiestrogen-binding site exhibit efficacy related to their affinity for this site, although specific antiestrogens of the estrogen receptor are ineffective.
    Molecular Pharmacology 08/1996; 50(1):75-9. · 4.12 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The use of human glomerular epithelial cells (HGEC) in research has been severely restricted by several obstacles, which have been circumvented by the generation of T-SV40 immortalized human visceral glomerular epithelial cells (Delarue et al, 1991). In this work, we compared the primary and immortalized HGEC for expression of integrin and some nonintegrin surface receptors. We also studied the adhesion of both types of HGEC to glomerular basement membrane (GBM), type IV collagen (tIV), and its major noncollagenous NC1 domain. The integrins mediating adhesion of HGEC to tIV were also examined. Expression of integrin and some nonintegrin cell surface receptors was analyzed by flow cytometry. Adhesion to GBM, tIV, and its major noncollagenous NC1 domain was studied by direct solid phase cell adhesion assays. Identification of integrins mediating adhesion of HGEC to tIV was achieved by inhibition of cell adhesion using monoclonal antibodies to integrin subunits. The primary and immortalized HGEC share phenotypic characteristics, and alpha3beta1 appeared to be the major integrin present on both HGEC types. The kinetics of binding to GBM, tIV, and its noncollagenous NCI domain were similar in both the primary and immortalized HGEC, although the latter displayed a somewhat weaker binding. Both the primary and immortalized HGEC displayed significantly better adhesion to NC1-alpha3 compared with NC1-alpha1, alpha3beta1 appears to be the major integrin mediating the adhesion of HGEC to tIV. Our studies suggest that alpha3beta1 is the major integrin present on HGEC. This has been confirmed by flow cytometric analysis. In addition, we demonstrated a functional role for this integrin in mediating attachment of HGEC to tIV. Our data also demonstrate a preference in binding of HGEC to alpha3 chains of NC1 compared with alpha1 chains of NC1. These findings were seen in both the primary and immortalized HGEC. The T-SV40 immortalized HGEC can therefore serve as a very useful tool to study glomerular visceral cell biology.
    Laboratory Investigation 04/1996; 74(3):650-7. · 3.83 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Preeclampsia is characterized by maternal hypercoagulable state and intravascular coagulation, microthromboses in several organs, and impairment of uteroplacental circulation. Excessive fibrin deposition occurs in the placenta, suggesting that disorders of placental coagulation and fibrinolysis physiologic systems may have a role in hemostasis activation. Term placentas were collected from 17 hypertensive/preeclamptic women and from 17 healthy pregnant women, and processed for both histologic and hemostasis studies. Placental fibrinoid deposition was visualized by cresyl-violet staining and quantified by histomorphometric analysis. The content in hemostasis factors was measured on extracts from homogenized placentas treated by a nonionic detergent. The percentage of villi with fibrinoid deposits was higher in the diseased placentas than in controls: 13.2 +/- 11.2 versus 6.75 +/- 2.7% (p < 0.001) for the total amount of deposits; 4.8 +/- 6.7 versus 1.5 +/- 1.0% (p = 0.04) for perivillous fibrinoid deposits, which are considered as histologic markers of intraplacental fibrin. The content in type 2 plasminogen activator inhibitor (PAI-2) antigen was higher in the diseased placentas than in controls: 124 +/- 8 versus 104 +/- 6 ng/mg placental protein (p = 0.046); there was a negative correlation between PAI-2 antigen and thrombomodulin activity (r = -0.57, p = 0.02) in the diseased placentas. No significant differences were found between the two groups for placental procoagulant tissue factor and anticoagulant thrombomodulin activities, and for the content in plasminogen activators and PAI-1 antigens. Placental antifibrinolytic potential is increased in pregnancy-induced hypertension and preeclampsia. This change, and the association of the highest PAI-2 placental concentrations with the lowest concentrations of thrombomodulin, may contribute to the prethrombotic state and to the excessive placental perivillous fibrin deposition observed in these situations.
    Laboratory Investigation 01/1996; 74(1):253-8. · 3.83 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Mesangial changes in a variety of pathologic conditions involve mesangial cell proliferation and mesangial matrix remodelling. Heparin has been shown to prevent these processes in vivo. In vitro, heparin interferes with cell growth, proto-oncogene expression, synthesis of specific proteins, and extracellular matrix composition. In some cell types, it seems to interact with intracellular protein kinase C-dependent pathways. The effect of heparin on the mesangial plasminogen activating system (tissue type plasminogen activator, t-PA, and plasminogen activator inhibitor type 1, PAI-1), which is thought to be involved in matrix remodelling, has not been previously reported. Cultured human mesangial cells were stimulated by 10% fetal calf serum (FCS) or 16 nM phorbol myristate acetate (PMA) in the presence or absence of anticoagulant or nonanticoagulant heparins. Cell proliferation, synthesis of t-PA and PAI-1, cell morphology, and PAI-1 matrix deposition were studied using cell counting, [3H]thymidine incorporation, specific t-PA and PAI-1 enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, Northern blot analysis, light microscopy, immunofluorescence and immunogold silver staining with combined bright-field and epipolarization microscopy. Heparin partially inhibited FCS-stimulated cell growth but not PMA-induced thymidine incorporation. FCS and PMA stimulated t-PA (p < 0.05 and p < 0.01, respectively) and PAI-1 synthesis (p < 0.05 and p < 0.01 respectively). Heparin selectively and partially inhibited FCS-stimulated t-PA, but not PAI-1 synthesis. It has no effect on PMA-stimulated t-PA or PAI-1 synthesis but prevented cell shape-changes induced by PMA, suggesting that heparin inhibits some but not all protein kinase C (PKC)-dependent effects and that heparin block in t-PA synthesis is distal to PKC activation. Heparin decreased PAI-1 matrix accumulation. Similar distal to PKC activation. Heparin decreased PAI-1 matrix accumulation. Similar results were observed with anticoagulant and nonanticoagulant heparin fragments. In human mesangial cells, anticoagulant and nonanticoagulant heparin exert an antiproliferative effect and may prevent mesangial matrix changes by decreasing FCS-stimulated t-PA synthesis and PAI-1 deposition in the matrix. Heparin is able to inhibit PKC-dependent cell shape changes but not PKC-dependent t-PA or PAI-1 synthesis. It also inhibits PKC-independent cell proliferation and t-PA synthesis. These results suggest multiple intracellular sites of action for heparin, unrelated or distal to PKC activation.
    Laboratory Investigation 01/1995; 71(6):828-37. · 3.83 Impact Factor
  • Placenta 07/1993; 14(4). · 3.29 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Human mesangial cells secrete tissue-type plasminogen activator (t-PA) and plasminogen activator inhibitor 1 (PAI-1), the latter being secreted in large excess in vitro. We demonstrate that PAI-1 is a major component of the extracellular matrix of cultured human mesangial cells, where its deposition is dependent on cell density. By immunogold silver staining, epipolarization microscopy and dispersive X-ray spectrometry, we have shown that matrix-associated PAI-1 is synthesized by spreading human mesangial cells, as indicated by the time-dependent accumulation of PAI-1 and the inhibitory effect of cycloheximide. Furthermore, by in situ hybridization, PAI-1 mRNA was detected in cultured mesangial cells. t-PA is present inside the cells, or at the cell surface, but is never associated with the extracellular matrix. Exogenous t-PA can remove matrix-associated PAI-1 without affecting cell adhesion. A similar effect was obtained by addition of urokinase-type plasminogen activator (u-PA) but not with fibrinolysis unrelated enzymes. In conclusion, PAI-1 is synthesized by human cultured mesangial cells and is deposited in the extracellular matrix by nonconfluent cells, whereas less PAI-1 is seen between confluent cells. This can explain the absence of detectable PAI-1 in normal human kidney biopsies. t-PA released by mesangial cells can bind and detach matrix PAI-1.
    American Journal Of Pathology 08/1992; 141(1):117-28. · 4.60 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Human mesangial cells in culture synthesize and secrete plasminogen activator inhibitor 1 (PAI-1) and tissue-type plasminogen activator (t-PA). Phorbol myristate acetate (PMA), a known activator of protein kinase C, induces a three to four-fold increase in t-PA and PAI-1 release over a period of 24 h, whereas cell-associated t-PA and PAI-1 levels remain relatively stable. A similar effect is obtained with oleylacetyl glycerol, a more physiologic protein kinase C activator. The effect of PMA is suppressed in the presence of H7, an inhibitor of cellular protein kinases, and by cycloheximide and actinomycin D, indicating a requirement for de novo protein and RNA synthesis, respectively. Northern blot analysis of PMA-treated cells reveals a rapid and transient increase in PAI-1 mRNA reaching a maximum after 4-8 h, whereas increase in t-PA mRNA levels requires 24 h. Activation of protein kinase A by addition of 8-bromocyclic AMP (8-bromo cAMP) has no significant effect on PAI-1 release but inhibits the PMA-mediated increases in PAI-1 antigen and mRNA. Addition of 8-bromo cAMP alone does not affect t-PA release. When added to PMA-stimulated cells, 8-bromo cAMP inhibits t-PA release in a dose-dependent manner, but causes a superinduction of t-PA mRNA. 8-bromo cAMP also induces a decrease in PMA-stimulated intracellular t-PA release. Similar inhibition is observed after stimulation of endogenous adenylate cyclase with prostaglandin E1 or isoproterenol. This indicates that protein kinase A activation may inhibit PMA-stimulated t-PA release via a post-transcriptional effect, e.g. inhibition of protein synthesis or activation of protein degradation. In conclusion, hormones or mediators which activate protein kinase C can stimulate t-PA and PAI-1 synthesis in human mesangial cells. Protein kinase A activation has no effect on the basal release of PAI-1 and t-PA by human mesangial cells, and, in contrast to endothelial cells, it inhibits both PMA-stimulated PAI-1 and t-PA releases. This cell-specific regulation of t-PA and PAI-1 seems to be mediated by differential transcriptional and post transcriptional mechanisms.
    Biochimica et Biophysica Acta 05/1992; 1134(3):189-96. · 4.66 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To determine if endothelin 1 (Et1) receptors are present in human glomeruli, and which glomerular cells possess these receptors, 125I Et1 binding to isolated glomeruli and cultured glomerular mesangial and epithelial cells was studied. The latter were identified as podocytes. We demonstrated that Et1 binds specifically and reversibly to isolated human glomeruli and to cultured glomerular mesangial and epithelial cells. Scatchard analysis of competitive inhibition of 125I Et1 binding gave the following results (m +/- SEM, n = 3): isolated glomeruli, Kd = 4.2 +/- 2.1 x 10(-10) M, Bmax = 8.1 +/- 1.2 x 10(10) sites/mg protein; mesangial cells, Kd = 5.2 +/- 1.5 x 10(-10) M, Bmax = 1.87 +/- 0.49 x 10(4) sites/cell; epithelial cells, Kd = 7.2 +/- 1.5 x 10(-10) M, Bmax = 2.46 +/- 0.15 x 10(4) sites/cell. These receptors seem to be functional, since in both mesangial and epithelial cells Et1 induces a rapid and transient increase in intracellular [Ca2+]i. All these results indicate that Et1 may regulate glomerular filtration rate through an autocrine-paracrine pathway on mesangial cells and on podocytes.
    Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation 02/1992; 7(4):288-92. · 3.49 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In 10 patients who received a heart lung transplant, TNF-alpha generation by cells collected during bronchioloalveolar lavages (n = 30) and by circulating mononuclear cells was measured. Basal and recombinant IL-2-stimulated productions (50 U/ml) were measured. TNF-alpha concentration was determined by an immunoradiometric assay (IRMA). Circulating mononuclear cells produced at least 4 times less TNF-alpha than BAL cells. Rejection episodes or CMV diseases were not associated with significant changes in TNF-alpha generation. Recombinant IL-2 increased this production in both cell populations but the magnitude of this effect was smaller in BAL cells, suggesting an in vivo preactivation.
    La Presse Médicale 12/1991; 20(40):2007-8. · 1.17 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Human subcultures (third passage) of glomerular visceral epithelial cells (VEC) isolated from one month old kidney were successfully transfected by two recombinant plasmids containing the cloned oncogenes from the simian virus 40 large T antigen and H-ras gene. One postcrisis cell clone (56/10 A1) was selected, propagated and characterized. One hundred percent of the 56/10 A1 cells (current passage greater than 100th; doubling time 30 hrs) expressed the nuclear T-SV40 antigen assayed by IF; the cells failed to express H-ras (RNA blot analysis). Immortalized cells were morphologically and phenotypically compared to parental cell type (third passage). Phenotypic characterization of the 56/10 A1 cells was achieved using indirect immunofluorescence (IF) and immunogold silver staining coupled to bright field and epipolarization microscopy. Both parental and 56/10 A1 cells displayed positivity for cytokeratin, CALLA and PHM5, whereas von Willebrand factor was not detected in the two cell types. Since we have previously shown that human glomerular epithelial cells in culture synthetize plaminogen activator (PA) related compounds, we investigated the secretion pattern of these products in parental and transfected cells. Zymographic analysis of secreted PA related compounds revealed production of free urokinase (u-PA) and type 1 plasminogen activator inhibitor (PAI-1) complexed to tissular plasminogen activator (t-PA). Finally, in the transfected cells, increased cGMP generation under atrial natriuretic factor (ANF) stimulation agreed with previous work performed on nontransfected human VEC. In conclusion, the establishment of a human permanent cell line which retains most of the phenotypic features of parental glomerular visceral epithelial cells should represent a new tool to study human glomerular cell functions.
    Kidney International 12/1991; 40(5):906-12. · 8.52 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In 7 patients who received renal transplant, systematic blood samples and cytoaspiration of the graft were performed every 3 days after grafting. In vitro TNF-alpha generation by circulating mononuclear cells and by cells infiltrating the graft were measured under basal conditions and after stimulation by recombinant IL-2 (50 U/ml). TNF-alpha concentration was determined by immunoradiometric assay (IRMA). Not enough cells could be collected by cytoaspiration to measure TNF-alpha concentration. In contrast, the generation of TNF-alpha by circulating mononuclear cells was detectable. It increased 24 to 48 hours before the rejection crisis and decreased after successful treatment and return of creatinin level to initial value. IL-2 increased TNF-alpha production and was more effective under normal conditions (10 to 15 fold increase) than during rejection episodes (1.3 to 2.4 fold). These results suggest that TNF-alpha is produced by mononuclear cells during rejection episodes and could be used as a marker of rejection. Further studies are required to determine its sensitivity and specificity.
    La Presse Médicale 12/1991; 20(40):2001-3. · 1.17 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Besides its procoagulant activity, thrombin has been shown to stimulate cell proliferation and to regulate the fibrinolytic pathway. We report here the effect of purified human alpha thrombin on the synthesis of tissue-type plasminogen activator (t-PA) and plasminogen activator inhibitor 1 (PAI-1) by cultured human mesangial cells. Thrombin (0 to 2.5 U/ml) increased in a time- and dose-dependent manner the production of t-PA and PAI-1 (2- to 3-fold increase of secreted t-PA and PAI-1 release during a 24 hour incubation). This effect was associated with a twofold increase in DNA synthesis measured by 3H-thymidine incorporation. Zymographic analysis and reverse fibrin autography showed that thrombin also increased the level of the 110 Kd t-PA-PAI-1 complex, whereas PAI-1 was present as a free 50 Kd form in the culture medium conditioned by unstimulated and thrombin-stimulated cells. Free t-PA was never observed. Both membrane binding and catalytic activity of thrombin were required since the effects of 1 U/ml thrombin were inhibited by addition 2 U/ml hirudin, which inhibits the membrane binding and catalytic activity of thrombin, and since DFP-inactivated thrombin, which has the ability to bind but which has no enzymatic activity, did not induce t-PA or PAI-1. Gamma thrombin, which does not bind to thrombin receptor, did not increase t-PA and PAI-1 releases. The effects of thrombin were probably mediated by protein kinase C activation since H7, an inhibitor of protein kinases, inhibited significantly thrombin effects on t-PA and PAI-1 production, and since addition of an activator of protein kinase A, 8-bromocyclic AMP (100 microM), induced a significant inhibition of the thrombin effect. The effects of thrombin were also suppressed by 1.25 micrograms/ml alpha amanitin, suggesting a requirement of de novo RNA synthesis. Northern blot analysis indicated that thrombin induced an increase in the mRNA levels of t-PA and of PAI-1. We conclude that thrombin increases DNA synthesis in human mesangial cells and enhances the synthesis of both t-PA and PAI-1. The latter is released in a large excess as compared to t-PA. Hence, thrombin may have a role in provoking a localized hypofibrinolytic state and may contribute to the persistence of glomerular fibrin deposits during proliferative glomerulonephritis.
    Kidney International 12/1990; 38(5):956-61. · 8.52 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To determine if parathyroid hormone release in man is directly stimulated by glucocorticoids, dispersed human parathyroid cells from hyperplastic glands obtained from eight renal transplant recipients were studied in vitro. Dexamethasone (10(-11) to 10(-6) mol l-1) increased PTH release in a time- and dose-dependent manner. A plateau was reached at 10(-8) mol l-1 (1015 +/- 149 vs. 230 +/- 27 pg 10(-4) cells for control value, after 24 h incubation; P less than 0.0001). An interaction with a glucocorticoid receptor was suggested since 10(-6) mol l-1 RU 486 blunted the dexamethasone-induced PTH release. By Northern blot analysis, dexamethasone was found to increase the amount of preproPTH mRNA in these cells. The effect of dexamethasone was probably at the gene level since (1) 1,25 dihydroxy vitamin D3 inhibited both iPTH and preproPTH mRNA increases induced by dexamethasone and (2) alpha-amanitin (1,25 micrograms ml-1) also completely suppressed the dexamethasone-induced PTH release. Thus, for the first time, we demonstrate that dexamethasone induces an increase of PTH synthesis, probably by increasing PTH gene transcription. This effect may play an important pathogenic role in persisting hyperparathyroidism and steroid-induced bone complications in renal transplant recipients.
    European Journal of Clinical Investigation 09/1990; 20(4):392-7. · 2.83 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

560 Citations
166.62 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2000
    • Institut Claudius Regaud
      Tolosa de Llenguadoc, Midi-Pyrénées, France
  • 1999
    • Institut Louis Bachelier
      Lutetia Parisorum, Île-de-France, France
  • 1998
    • French Institute of Health and Medical Research
      Lutetia Parisorum, Île-de-France, France
  • 1990
    • Pierre and Marie Curie University - Paris 6
      Lutetia Parisorum, Île-de-France, France
    • Unité Inserm U1077
      Caen, Lower Normandy, France
  • 1989
    • Hospital Frankfurt Hoechst
      Frankfurt, Hesse, Germany