T Tadano

Kanazawa University, Kanazawa, Ishikawa, Japan

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Publications (181)353.23 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Background We have recently demonstrated that intrathecal (i.t.) administration of angiotensin II (Ang II) induces nociceptive behaviour in mice accompanied by a phosphorylation of p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) mediated through Ang II type 1 (AT1) receptors. The N-terminal fragment of Ang II, Ang (1–7), plays a pivotal role in counterbalancing many of the well-established actions induced by Ang II. However, the role of Ang (1–7) in spinal nociceptive transmission remains unclear. Therefore, we examined whether i.t. administration of Ang (1–7) can inhibit the Ang II-induced nociceptive behaviour in mice.Methods In the behavioural experiments, the accumulated response time of nociceptive behaviour consisting of scratching, biting and licking in conscious mice was determined during a 25-min period starting after i.t. injection. The distribution and localization of AT1 or Mas receptors were analysed using a MapAnalyzer and confocal microscope, respectively. Phosphorylation of p38 MAPK in the dorsal spinal cord was measured by Western blotting.ResultsThe nociceptive behaviour induced by Ang II was dose-dependently inhibited by the co-administration of Ang (1–7). The inhibitory effect of Ang (1–7) was reversed by the co-administration of A779, a Mas receptor antagonist. Western blot analysis showed that the increase in spinal p38 MAPK phosphorylation following the i.t. administration of Ang II was also inhibited by Ang (1–7), and the Ang (1–7) induced-inhibition was prevented by A779.Conclusions Our data show that the i.t. administration of Ang (1–7) attenuates an Ang II-induced nociceptive behaviour and is accompanied by the inhibition of p38 MAPK phosphorylation mediated through Mas receptors.
    European journal of pain (London, England) 05/2014; · 3.37 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: It is reported that liver hydrolysate (LH) enhances liver function. However, the effects of LH on physical fatigue are unknown. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of LH on alterations in locomotor activity and energy metabolism such as 5'-AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK), glycogen content, and blood lactic acid, after forced walking. Adult male ddY mice were used. Locomotor activity, AMPK phosphorylation, and glycogen content in the liver and soleus muscle, as well as blood lactic acid were determined following LH treatment before and/or after forced walking. The locomotor activity significantly decreased after forced walking for 3 h. Two administrations of LH (30 or 100 mg/kg) significantly increased the locomotor activity, while a single administration either before or after forced walking did not show any specific effect. Administering LH twice activated AMPK in the liver and soleus muscle. Glycogen levels significantly decreased in both the liver and soleus muscle after forced walking, whereas the blood lactate level significantly increased. In contrast, administering LH twice increased muscle glycogen and decreased blood lactic acid. These findings indicate that LH produced an anti-fatigue effect and that this effect appears to involve the efficient glycogen utilization through activation of AMPK. [Supplementary Figure: available only at http://dx.doi.org/10.1254/jphs.13084FP].
    Journal of Pharmacological Sciences 11/2013; · 2.15 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: 1. Bruxism and/or clenching, resulting in fatigue or dysfunction of masseter muscles (MM), may cause temporomandibular disorders. Functional support of the microcirculation is critical for prolonged muscle activity. Histamine is a regulator of the microcirculation and is supplied by release from its stores and/or by de novo production via the induction of histidine decarboxylase (HDC). IL-1, a cytokine involved in temporomandibular disorders, is an inducer of HDC. We examined the roles of histamine, HDC, and IL-1 in MM activity. 2. Experiments were conducted using our R+G+ model. A mouse restrained (R+) inside a narrow cylinder (front end blocked with a thin plastic strip) gnaws away (G+) the strip to escape, and the strip's weight-reduction serves as an index of MM activity. 3. Fexofenadine (peripherally acting histamine H1-receptor antagonist) reduced MM activity in normal mice. H1-receptor-deficient mice and HDC-deficient mice displayed low MM activity. Prolonged R+G+ induced HDC activity in MM. Mast cell-deficient mice exhibited strikingly low HDC induction in MM (and also in quadriceps femoris muscle) in response to muscle activity or IL-1β. Mast cells were present around blood vessels and nerves in the epimysium and perimysium of MM. 4. These results, together with others reported previously, suggest that (i) peripheral histamine supports strenuous MM activity, (ii) strenuous MM activity stimulates mast cells to release histamine and to induce HDC (which replenishes their histamine pool, possibly through mediation by IL-1), and (iii) peripheral histamine H1-receptor antagonists may be effective at treating temporomandibular disorders or preventing prolonged clenching and/or bruxism. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
    Clinical and Experimental Pharmacology and Physiology 10/2013; · 2.41 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: It has been demonstrated that angiotensin II (Ang II) participates in either the inhibition or the facilitation of nociceptive transmission depending on the brain area. Neuronal Ang II is locally synthesized not only in the brain, but also in the spinal cord. Though the spinal cord is an important area for the modulation of nociception, the role of spinal Ang II in nociceptive transmission remains unclear. Therefore, in order to elucidate the role of Ang II in nociceptive transmission in the spinal cord, we examined the effect of intrathecal (i.t.) administration of Ang II into mice. I.t. administration of Ang II produced a behavioral response in mice mainly consisting of biting and/or licking of the hindpaw and the tail along with slight hindlimb scratching directed toward the flank. The behavior induced by Ang II (3 pmol) was dose-dependently inhibited by intraperitoneal injection of morphine (0.1-0.3 mg/kg), suggesting that the behavioral response is related to nociception. The nociceptive behavior was also inhibited dose-dependently by i.t. co-administration of losartan (0.3-3 nmol), an Ang II type 1 (AT1) receptor antagonist, and SB203580 (0.1-1 nmol), a p38 MAPK inhibitor. However, the Ang II type 2 (AT2) receptor antagonist PD123319, the upstream inhibitor of ERK1/2 phosphorylation U0126, and the JNK inhibitor SP600125 had no effect on Ang II-induced nociceptive behavior. Western blot analysis showed that the i.t. injection of Ang II induced phosphorylation of p38 MAPK in the lumbar dorsal spinal cord, which was inhibited by losartan, without affecting ERK1/2 and JNK. Furthermore, we found that AT1 receptor expression was relatively high in the lumbar superficial dorsal horn. Our data show that i.t. administration of Ang II induces nociceptive behavior accompanied by the activation of p38 MAPK signaling mediated through AT1 receptors. This observation indicates that Ang II may act as a neurotransmitter and/or neuromodulator in the spinal transmission of nociceptive information.
    Molecular Pain 07/2013; 9(1):38. · 3.77 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: It is well known that the characteristics of mastication are important for the maintenance of our physical well-being. In this study, to assess the importance of the effects of food hardness during mastication, we investigated whether a long-term powdered diet might cause changes in emotional behavior tests, including spontaneous locomotor activity and social interaction (SI) tests, and the dopaminergic system of the frontal cortex and hippocampus in mice. Mice fed a powdered diet for 17 weeks from weaning were compared with mice fed a standard diet (control). The dopamine turnover and expression of dopamine receptors mRNA in the frontal cortex were also evaluated. Spontaneous locomotor activity, SI time and dopamine turnover of the frontal cortex were increased in powdered diet-fed mice. On the other hand, the expression of dopamine-4 (D4) receptors mRNA in the frontal cortex was decreased in powdered diet-fed mice. Moreover, we examined the effect of PD168077, a selective D4 agonist, on the increased SI time in powdered diet-fed mice. Treatment with PD168077 decreased the SI time. These results suggest that the masticatory dysfunction induced by long-term powdered diet feeding may cause the increased SI time and the changes in the dopaminergic system, especially dopamine D4 receptor subtype in the frontal cortex. (204 words).
    Neurochemistry International 07/2013; · 2.66 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The populations of the Kii Peninsula in Japan and of Guam present high incidences of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis and Parkinsonism-dementia complex. It is thought that low levels of calcium (Ca) and magnesium (Mg) in the drinking water are involved in the pathogenesis of these diseases. The present study aimed to test the hypothesis that catalepsy, behavioral immobility and a Parkinsonian symptom results from functionally impaired dopaminergic neurons in mice fed low amounts of Ca and Mg (LCa/Mg). A group of mice fed a LCa/Mg diet for 6 weeks was compared to a control group on a standard diet. Cataleptic symptoms such as akinesia and rigidity were measured by the bar test. The anti-parkinsonian drugs dopamine (DA) precursor L-3,4-dihydroxy phenylamine (L-DOPA), the selective DA receptor D(2) agonist bromocriptine, and the DA releaser amantadine were tested for their effects on induced catalepsy. The mice developed catalepsy after 3 weeks on the LCa/Mg diet. LCa/Mg diet-induced catalepsy was improved by the administration of L-DOPA (50-200 mg/kg i.p.) in combination with benserazide (25 mg/kg i.p.), or of bromocriptine (0.25-4 mg/kg i.p.) or of amantadine (5-20 mg/kg i.p.). Immunohistochemical staining revealed that the intensity of tyrosine hydroxylase fluorescence was significantly decreased in the substantia nigra at the 6th week of LCa/Mg feeding in comparison with pair-fed controls. These results suggest that catalepsy in LCa/Mg mice results from hypofunction of the dopaminergic neurons. Moreover, our results support the hypothesis that LCa/Mg intake is one etiological factor in neurodegenerative disorders, including Parkinson's disease.
    Bioscience Biotechnology and Biochemistry 02/2013; · 1.27 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Neonatal ventral hippocampus (NVH)-lesioned rats represent a neurodevelopmental impairment model of schizophrenia. Previous observations indicate that postpubertal NVH-lesioned rats exhibit impairments in prepulse inhibition (PPI), spontaneous locomotion and social interaction behavior. Here, we document the neurochemical basis of those defects. PPI impairment but not cognitive impairment was improved by acute risperidone treatment (0.30 mg/kg i.p.). Immunohistochemical analyses using anti-autophosphorylated CaMKII antibody indicated significantly reduced CaMKII autophosphorylation, especially in the medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC), striatum and hippocampal CA1 region, of NVH-lesioned rats relative to control animals. We also confirmed that reduced CaMKII autophoshorylation in the mPFC, striatum and hippocampal CA1 region causes decreased phosphorylation of GluR1 (Ser 831), a CaMKII substrate. Like CaMKII, PKCα (Ser 657) autophosphorylation and NR1 (Ser 896) phosphorylation were decreased both in the mPFC and CA1 regions. Interestingly, phosphorylation of DARPP-32 (Thr 34) was decreased in the mPFC but increased in the striatum and CA1 region of NVH-lesioned rats compared to controls. Risperidone treatment restored increased DARPP-32 phosphorylation in striatum and CA1 regions of NVH-lesioned rats but did not rescue CaMKII and PKCα autophosphorylation. Taken together, we find that impaired cognition observed in NVH-lesioned rats is associated with decreased CaMKII and PKCα activities in memory-related brain regions, changes not rescued by risperidone treatment.
    Neuroscience 01/2013; · 3.12 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We have previously shown that intracerebroventricular (i.c.v.) administration of cysteine protease inhibitors suppresses naloxone-precipitated withdrawal jumping in morphine-dependent mice, presumably through the inhibition of dynorphin degradation (see (Tan-No, K., Sato, T., Shimoda, M., Nakagawasai, O., Niijima, F., Kawamura, S., Furuta, S., Sato, T., Satoh, S., Silberring, J., Terenius, L., Tadano, T., 2010. Suppressive effects by cysteine protease inhibitors on naloxone-precipitated withdrawal jumping in morphine-dependent mice. Neuropeptides 44, 279-283)). In the present study, we examined the effect of phenylmethanesulfonyl fluoride (PMSF), a serine protease inhibitor, on naloxone-precipitated withdrawal jumping in morphine-dependent mice. The doses of morphine (mg/kg per injection) were subcutaneously given twice daily for 2days [day 1 (30) and day 2 (60)]. On day 3, naloxone (8mg/kg) was intraperitoneally administered 3h after the final injection of morphine (60mg/kg), and the number of jumps was immediately recorded for 20min. Naloxone-precipitated withdrawal jumping was significantly suppressed by i.c.v. administration of PMSF (4nmol), given 5min before each morphine treatment during the induction phase, with none given on the test day. The expression of tissue plasminogen activator (tPA), a serine protease that converts plasminogen to plasmin, in the prefrontal cortex was significantly increased in morphine-dependent and -withdrawal mice, as compared with saline-treated mice. Moreover, trans-4-(aminomethyl)-cyclohexanecarboxylic acid (300pmol), an antiplasmin agent, and (Tyr(1))-thrombin receptor activating peptide 7 (0.45 and 2nmol), an antagonist of protease activated receptor-1 (PAR-1), significantly suppressed naloxone-precipitated withdrawal jumping. The present results suggest that PMSF suppresses naloxone-precipitated withdrawal jumping in morphine-dependent mice, presumably through the inhibition of activities of tPA and plasmin belonging to the serine proteases family, which subsequently activates PAR-1.
    Neuropeptides 01/2013; · 2.07 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Schizophrenia is characterized by various behavioral abnormalities including cognitive dysfunction. Neonatal ventral hippocampus (NVH)-lesioned rats had been known as neurodevelopmental animal model similar to schizophrenia. Previous observations indicate that postpubertal NVH-lesioned rats exhibit impairments in prepulse inhibition (PPI), spontaneous locomotion, social interaction behavior and working memory. Here, we document the neurochemical basis of those defects in NVH-lesioned rats. Since Ca(2+)/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II (CaMKII), which is NMDA receptor downstream kinase, is essential for memory and learning acquisition, we developed a protocol to monitor the spatial changes in CaMKII autophosphorylation using immunohistochemical imaging of whole brain slices with anti-autophosphorylated CaMKII antibody in order to address mechanisms underlying impaired cognitive function in NVH-lesioned rats. Immunohistochemical analyses using anti-autophosphorylated CaMKII antibody revealed that CaMKII autophosphorylation was significantly reduced in the medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC) of NVH-lesioned rats compared with control animals. This immunohistochemical technique is useful to investigate temporal and special changes in CaMKII activity in rodent brain and to evaluate drugs to improve the cognitive impairment.
    YAKUGAKU ZASSHI 01/2013; 133(5):501-6. · 0.37 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Aims Olfactory bulbectomy (OBX) in rodents represents a valuable experimental model of depression. This study was designed to shed further light on the impact of putative serotonergic neuronal degeneration in OBX mice and to assess the effect of a widely used antidepressant on serotonergic related behavioral changes induced by OBX. Main methods Adult male ddY mice were subject to bilateral OBX or sham surgery. The serotonin (5-HT) (2A/2C) receptor agonist 2,5-dimethoxy-4-iodoamphetamine (DOI) enhanced a head-twitch response (HTR) in OBX mice. Effects of 5-HT(2A), 5-HT(2C) antagonists and fluvoxamine were observed in OBX mice following DOI administration. Key findings The HTR elicited by the administration of DOI (0.5mg/kg and 1mg/kg, i.p.) was increased about twofold in OBX mice when compared with controls on the 14th day after the surgery. The injection of ketanserin (0.025mg/kg, i.p.), a 5-HT(2A) receptor antagonist, inhibited the enhancement of the DOI-induced HTR after OBX. Likewise, the administration of SB 242084 (1mg/kg, s.c.), a 5-HT(2C) receptor antagonist, also inhibited the DOI-induced HTR in OBX mice. Chronic but not acute treatment with the antidepressant fluvoxamine, a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI), suppressed the enhancement of DOI-induced HTR after OBX. Significance These findings indicate that OBX, and the subsequent degeneration of neurons projecting from the olfactory bulb, caused a supersensitivity of 5-HT(2A/2C) receptors which may be involved in symptoms of depression.
    Life sciences 11/2012; · 2.56 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We investigated whether postweaning protein malnutrition (PM) affects serotonergic systems. Mice were fed a PM diet or normal protein (control) diet from weaning (21 d of age). Twenty days later, we tested for behavioral effects of the selective serotonin (5-HT)(1A) receptor agonist 8-hydroxy-N,N-dipropyl-2-aminoteralin (8-OH-DPAT) and the 5-HT releaser d-fenfluramine. The number of head weaving responses induced by 8-OH-DPAT or d-fenfluramine in the PM mice was significantly increased compared with the control diet group. The effects of 8-OH-DPAT and d-fenfluramine were blocked by pretreatment with the selective 5-HT(1A) receptor antagonist WAY-100635 (0.01 mg/kg). However, postpubertal (56 d of age) mice fed with the PM diet did not show an enhancement of the 8-OH-DPAT-induced head weaving response. These results indicate the occurence of a supersensitivity of postsynaptic 5-HT(1A) receptor in the postweaning PM group. Moreover, they highlight the postweaning stage as a vulnerable period to malnutrition-induced alterations in central serotonergic systems.
    Biological & Pharmaceutical Bulletin 07/2012; 35(10):1697-702. · 1.85 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Exercise necessitates a large supply of O(2) and nutrients and rapid removal of CO(2) and waste products. Histamine is a regulator of the microcirculation (which performs these exchanges), suggesting a possible involvement of histamine in exercise. Histamine is released from either mast cells or non-mast cells. In the latter, histamine is newly formed via the induction of histidine decarboxylase (HDC) in response to an appropriate stimulus, and it is released without being stored. Here, in mice, we examined the role of histamine or HDC induction in exercise. Prolonged walking (PW) (in a cylindrical cage turned electrically) increased HDC mRNA and HDC activity in quadriceps femoris muscles. Mice given a histamine H1-receptor antagonist [fexofenadine (peripherally acting) or pyrilamine (peripherally and centrally acting)] or an irreversible HDC inhibitor (α-fluoromethylhistidine) displayed less PW endurance than control mice. Ranitidine (H2-receptor antagonist) tended to reduce endurance. Other histamine-receptor (H3 and H4) antagonists had no significant effects on endurance. Mice deficient in HDC or histamine H1-receptors displayed markedly less endurance than control mice, and HDC activity in the quadriceps femoris of H1-deficient mice was rapidly elevated by PW. Fexofenadine significantly reduced the muscle levels of nitric oxide (NO) metabolites and glycogen after PW. The results support the ideas that (i) histamine is involved in protecting against exercise-induced fatigue or exhaustion, (ii) histamine exerts its protective effect via H1 receptors and the ensuing production of NO in skeletal muscle, and (iii) histamine is provided, at least in part, by HDC induction in skeletal muscles during prolonged exercise.
    Biological & Pharmaceutical Bulletin 01/2012; 35(1):91-7. · 1.85 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: p-Hydroxyamphetamine (p-OHA) has been shown to have a number of pharmacological actions, including causing abnormal behaviors such as increased locomotor activity and head-twitch response in rodents. We have recently reported that intracerebroventricular (i.c.v.) administration of p-OHA dose-dependently induces prepulse inhibition (PPI) disruption in mice, which is attenuated by pretreatment with haloperidol, clozapine or several dopaminergic agents. Haloperidol and clozapine have affinities for serotonergic (especially 5-HT(2A)) receptors. To investigate the involvement of the central serotonergic systems in p-OHA-induced PPI disruption, herein we tested several serotonergic agents to determine their effects on p-OHA-induced PPI disruption. p-OHA-induced PPI disruption was attenuated by pretreatment with 5,7-dihydroxytryptamine (5,7-DHT, a neurotoxin which targets serotonin-containing neurons) and p-chlorophenylalanine (PCPA, a serotonin synthesis inhibitor). p-OHA-induced PPI disruption was also attenuated by pretreatment with ketanserin (a 5-HT(2A/2C) receptor antagonist) and MDL100,907 (a selective 5-HT(2A) receptor antagonist). These data suggest that p-OHA-induced PPI disruption may involve increased serotonin release into the synaptic cleft, which then interacts with the post-synaptic 5-HT(2A) receptor.
    Behavioural brain research 06/2011; 224(1):159-65. · 3.22 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Abstract— Inhibitory effects of β-amyrin palmitate in locomotor activity of mice were studied by combining this compound with α-adrenergic agonists or antagonists and a dopaminergic agonist. β-Amyrin palmitate (2·5, 5·0 and 10·0 mg kg−1, i.p.) decreased locomotor activity of mice in a dose-dependent manner. It enhanced hypoactivity of mice treated with clonidine (0·025 mg kg−1, i.p.) and antagonized hyperactivity produced by phenylephrine (40 μg, i.c.v.). The inhibitory action of β-amyrin palmitate was not affected by yohimbine (1·5 mg kg−1, i.p.), but was potentiated by prazosin (0·75 mg kg−1, i.p.). When combined with a dopaminergic agonist, apomorphine (2·0 mg kg−1, i.p.), β-amyrin palmitate (5·0 and 10·0 mg kg−1, i.p.) did not affect locomotor stimulation produced by apomorphine. These results suggest that β-amyrin palmitate might inhibit α1-adrenoceptors.
    Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology. 04/2011; 45(11):1006 - 1008.
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    ABSTRACT: Previously, we reported that α1,6-fucosyltransferase (Fut8)-deficient (Fut8-/-) mice exhibit emphysema-like changes in the lung and severe growth retardation due to dysregulation of the TGF-β1 receptor and the EGF receptor and to abnormal integrin activation, respectively. To study the role of α1,6-fucosylation in brain tissue where Fut8 is highly expressed, we examined Fut8-/- mice using a combination of neurological and behavioral tests. Fut8-/- mice exhibited multiple behavioral abnormalities consistent with a schizophrenia-like phenotype. Fut8-/- mice displayed increased locomotion compared with wild-type (Fut8-/-) and heterozygous (Fut8+/-) mice. In particular, Fut8-KO mice showed strenuous hopping behavior in a novel environment. Working memory performance was impaired in Fut8-/- mice as evidenced by the Y-maze tests. Furthermore, Fut8-/- mice showed prepulse inhibition (PPI) deficiency. Intriguingly, although there was no significant difference between Fut8+/+ and Fut8+/- mice in the PPI test under normal conditions, Fut8+/- mice showed impaired PPI after exposure to a restraint stress. This result suggests that reduced expression of Fut8 is a plausible cause of schizophrenia and related disorders. The levels of serotonin metabolites were significantly decreased in both the striatum and nucleus accumbens of the Fut8-/- mice. Likewise, treatment with haloperidol, which is an antipsychotic drug that antagonizes dopaminergic and serotonergic receptors significantly reduced hopping behaviors. The present study is the first to clearly demonstrate that α1,6-fucosylation plays an important role in the brain, and that it might be related to schizophrenia-like behaviors. Thus, the results of the present study provide new insight into the underlying mechanisms responsible for schizophrenia and related disorders.
    Journal of Biological Chemistry 04/2011; · 4.65 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Previously, we reported that α1,6-fucosyltransferase (Fut8)-deficient (Fut8(-/-)) mice exhibit emphysema-like changes in the lung and severe growth retardation due to dysregulation of TGF-β1 and EGF receptors and to abnormal integrin activation, respectively. To study the role of α1,6-fucosylation in brain tissue where Fut8 is highly expressed, we examined Fut8(-/-) mice using a combination of neurological and behavioral tests. Fut8(-/-) mice exhibited multiple behavioral abnormalities consistent with a schizophrenia-like phenotype. Fut8(-/-) mice displayed increased locomotion compared with wild-type (Fut8(+/+)) and heterozygous (Fut8(+/-)) mice. In particular, Fut8(-/-) mice showed strenuous hopping behavior in a novel environment. Working memory performance was impaired in Fut8(-/-) mice as evidenced by the Y-maze tests. Furthermore, Fut8(-/-) mice showed prepulse inhibition (PPI) deficiency. Intriguingly, although there was no significant difference between Fut8(+/+) and Fut8(+/-) mice in the PPI test under normal conditions, Fut8(+/-) mice showed impaired PPI after exposure to a restraint stress. This result suggests that reduced expression of Fut8 is a plausible cause of schizophrenia and related disorders. The levels of serotonin metabolites were significantly decreased in both the striatum and nucleus accumbens of the Fut8(-/-) mice. Likewise, treatment with haloperidol, which is an antipsychotic drug that antagonizes dopaminergic and serotonergic receptors, significantly reduced hopping behaviors. The present study is the first to clearly demonstrate that α1,6-fucosylation plays an important role in the brain, and that it might be related to schizophrenia-like behaviors. Thus, the results of the present study provide new insights into the underlying mechanisms responsible for schizophrenia and related disorders.
    Journal of Biological Chemistry 04/2011; 286(21):18434-43. · 4.65 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: It has recently been reported that psychotic symptoms in patients such as those with Parkinson's disease dementia (PDD) and Lewy body dementia (LBD) may worsen following treatment with memantine, a non-competitive NMDA receptor antagonist. Prepulse inhibition (PPI) of the acoustic startle response (ASR) is used as a measure for sensorimotor gating and it has been reported that PPI is disrupted by memantine. However, the mechanism of memantine-induced PPI disruption remains unclear. In the present study, we investigated the effects of memantine on PPI of the ASR in mice. Memantine (1.25-20mg/kg, intraperitoneally) increased the ASR and dose-dependently decreased PPI for all prepulse intensities tested. This effect of memantine on PPI was attenuated by pretreatment with the antipsychotics clozapine (3 and 6 mg/kg), risperidone (0.3mg/kg) and haloperidol (0.5mg/kg), the selective D(2) antagonist sulpiride (40 mg/kg) and 5-HT(2A/2C) antagonist ketanserin (2 and 4 mg/kg) but not with the selective D(1) antagonist SCH23390 (0.05 and 0.1mg/kg). Clozapine (6 mg/kg) and risperidone (0.3 mg/kg) significantly attenuated the increased startle amplitude in the memantine-treated groups. These results suggest that involvement of dopaminergic and/or serotonergic neurotransmission may play a crucial role in memantine-induced PPI disruption, and additionally, indicate that blockade of either the D(2) or 5-HT(2A) receptor may prevent disruption of PPI induced by memantine in mice. Conceivably, memantine may exacerbate psychotic symptoms in patients with PDD and LBD.
    Behavioural brain research 03/2011; 218(1):165-73. · 3.22 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Gangliosides are abundant in neural tissue and play important roles in cell-cell adhesion, signal transduction, and cell differentiation. Gangliosides are divided into 4 groups: asialo-, a-, b-, and c-series gangliosides, based on their biosynthetic pathway. St8sia1 knockout mice, which lack b- and c-series gangliosides, exhibit altered nociceptive responses. The mechanism underlying this defect, however, remains unclear. To address this issue, we first investigated the possibility that gangliosides in peripheral nociceptor endings are involved in nociception. Intraplantar injection of the b-series ganglioside GT1b, but not a-series gangliosides such as GM1, produced nociceptive responses and enhanced low-concentration formalin-induced nociception. N-methyl-d-aspartic acid receptor and type I metabotropic glutamate receptor antagonists inhibited GT1b-induced hyperalgesia, suggesting the involvement of glutamate receptors. Furthermore, microdialysis analysis revealed elevated glutamate content in subdermal tissues due to intraplantar injection of GT1b. Co-injection of glutamate dehydrogenase with GT1b attenuated GT1b-induced hyperalgesia. These findings suggested that GT1b induced extracellular glutamate to accumulate in subdermal tissues, thereafter activating glutamate receptors, which in turn resulted in hyperalgesia and nociception. On the other hand, intraplantar injection of sialidase, which cleaves sialyl residues from glycoconjugates such as gangliosides, attenuated the late phase of 2% formalin-induced nociception. Thus, the antinociceptive effects of sialidase and the nociceptive effects of GT1b indicated that endogenous gangliosides are involved in nociceptive responses. These results suggest that gangliosides play important roles in nociceptive responses originating in peripheral nociceptor endings. Ganglioside GT1b induced extracellular glutamate to accumulate in subdermal tissues, thereafter activating glutamate receptors, which in turn resulted in hyperalgesia and nociception.
    Pain 02/2011; 152(2):327-34. · 5.64 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: It is well known that nutritional status during the fetal and/or lactation period is important for the development of the central nervous system (CNS). In contrast, the effect of malnutrition on postweaning development has not yet been thoroughly investigated. In the present study, we analyzed the behavioral and neuroanatomical effects of protein malnutrition (PM) postweaning in mice. Starting at 20-21 d of age, male ddY mice were maintained on a 5% casein diet (PM group) or 20% casein diet (control group) for 20 d. On the 20th d, body and brain weights of PM mice were lower than those of the control group. PM mice exhibited excessive alertness and spontaneous activity under novel conditions in the Irwin test. In addition, PM mice showed increased open arm exploration in the elevated plus maze compared to control mice. These results suggest that hyperactivity and reduced anxiety behavior or higher impulsiveness in PM mice could be due to an immature brain.
    Biological & Pharmaceutical Bulletin 01/2011; 34(9):1413-7. · 1.85 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: It is well known that amphetamine induces disrupted prepulse inhibition (PPI) in humans and rodents. We have previously reported that intracerebroventricular (i.c.v.) administration of p-hydroxyamphetamine (p-OHA) induces multiple behavioral responses, such as increased locomotor activity and head-twitch response in rodents. To reveal the characteristics of p-OHA on sensorimotor function in rodents, herein we tested the effects of p-OHA on PPI in mice. i.c.v. administration of p-OHA dose-dependently induced PPI disruptions for all prepulse intervals tested. This effect of p-OHA on PPI was attenuated by pretreatment with haloperidol or clozapine. p-OHA-induced PPI disruptions were also attenuated by pretreatment with L-741,626 (a selective D(2) receptor antagonist), L-745,870 (a selective D(4) receptor antagonist) or 6-hydroxydopamine (a neurotoxin which targets DA-containing neurons), but not by SCH 23390 (a selective D(1) receptor antagonist), eticlopride (a D(2)/D(3) receptor antagonist) or GBR 12909 (a DA-reuptake inhibitor). These results indicate that selective blockade of either the D(2) or D(4) receptor subtype may prevent disruption of PPI induced by p-OHA via presynaptic DA release.
    Behavioural brain research 12/2010; 214(2):349-56. · 3.22 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

1k Citations
353.23 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2013
    • Kanazawa University
      Kanazawa, Ishikawa, Japan
  • 1999–2013
    • Tohoku Pharmaceutical University
      Japan
  • 1993–2013
    • Tohoku University
      • • Department of Pharmacology
      • • Graduate School of Pharmaceutical Sciences
      Sendai, Kagoshima-ken, Japan
  • 2004–2009
    • Akita University Hospital
      Akita, Akita, Japan
  • 2001
    • Meijo University
      • Faculty of Pharmacy
      Nagoya, Aichi, Japan
    • Tokyo University of Pharmacy and Life Science
      • School of Pharmacy
      Tokyo, Tokyo-to, Japan
  • 2000–2001
    • Ishinomaki Senshu University
      Ishinomachi, Miyagi, Japan
  • 1986–1995
    • Showa University
      • Department of Medicine
      Shinagawa, Tōkyō, Japan
  • 1987
    • Niigata College of Pharmacy
      • Department of Pharmacology
      Japan