A Thierry

Université de Poitiers, Poitiers, Poitou-Charentes, France

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Publications (35)122.51 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Post-Transplantation Lymphoproliferative Disorders (PTLD) are associated with poor patient and graft survival. The risk of rejection and subsequent graft loss are increased by the reduction of immunosuppression therapy, the cornerstone of PTLD treatment. This multi-centre, retrospective, non-randomized cohort study includes 104 adults who developed PTLD after renal or simultaneous renal/pancreatic transplantation between 1990 and 2007. It examines the effect of Calcineurin Inhibitor (CNI) withdrawal on long-term graft and patient survival.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
    Transplant International 06/2014; · 3.16 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Acute bilateral renal cortical necrosis (BRCN) has been reported following envenoming by exotic venomous snakes. Proatheris superciliaris is a rare viper with restricted distribution in east Africa. Very little information is available on envenoming by this species. We herein describe the case of a 60-year-old professional wildlife photographer who was bitten on his thumb while photographing an adult specimen of Proatheris superciliaris that he held at home in France. On admission, physical examination revealed severe hypertension and bruising with edema at the bite site. Within the following 24hours, he developed vomiting, diarrhea, acute lumbar pain and anuria. Laboratory tests showed acute kidney injury (serum creatinine 4.6 mg/dL), with thrombocytopenia, anemia and severe coagulopathy. Contrast-enhanced computed tomography scan revealed hypodense areas in the cortex of both kidneys consistent with diffuse BRCN. As no appropriate antivenom existed, only symptomatic care was given to the patient. Coagulation tests returned to normal within 48hours. The patient was placed on chronic hemodialysis, until he underwent successful kidney transplantation 18 months later. In developed countries, severe complications provoked by snakebites tend to be more frequent with the number of trendy exotic pets. Acute kidney injury, including BRCN, is a classic complication of viper bites. The present case of end-stage renal failure related to diffuse BRCN illustrates the potentially devastating effects of envenoming by Proatheris superciliaris. Clinicians in developed countries should be informed about renal disorders and other potentially fatal complications of venomous snake bites and seek urgent expert advice for optimizing clinical management. Education and coaching of envenomed patients and exotic snake owners is mandatory to prevent dramatic accidents.
    Toxicon 04/2014; · 2.92 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Different associations between single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in cellular target, metabolism enzymes or transport proteins, and biopsy-proven acute rejection (BPAR) or adverse events have been reported in transplant patients receiving mycophenolate mofetil. This work aimed to study these in patients on enteric-coated mycophenolate sodium (EC-MPS). The study included 189 renal transplant patients from the DOMINOS trial. Fifteen SNPs in IMPDH2, IMPDH1, ABCC2, SLCO1B3, UGT1A8, UGT1A9, UGT2B7, CYP2C8, HUS1, and IL12A were genotyped in all patients. Associations between SNPs and the first event of BPAR or diarrhea were investigated using multivariate logistic regressions. Associations between SNPs and leukopenia or anemia at nine different visits between days 0 and 190 after transplantation were studied using time-dependent Cox proportional hazards regression models. Multivariate analyses showed that the CYP2C8 rs11572076 wild-type genotype was associated significantly with a lower risk of leukopenia [GG vs. GA: hazard ratio (95% confidence interval) 0.14 (0.03, 0.59), P=0.00783]. Higher EC-MPS doses and the UGT2B7 c.-840 G>A variant allele were associated with an increased risk of anemia [EC-MPS per unit dose increase: 1.004 (1.003, 1.005), P<0.0001; UGT2B7 GA vs. AA: 1.65 (1.12, 2.43), P=0.01043; GG vs. AA: 1.88 (1.23, 2.88), P=0.00343]. However, no significant association was found between any of the SNPs studied and diarrhea or BPAR. Two pharmacogenetic associations reported previously with mycophenolate mofetil were found in a population of 189 renal transplant patients treated with EC-MPS.
    Pharmacogenetics and Genomics 03/2014; · 3.61 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In kidney transplantation, the prevalence of hypercholesterolemia as a co-morbidity factor known to affect graft function, is rising due to the increased number of older donors in response to organ shortage as well as to the hyperlipidemic effects of immunosuppressors in recipient. This study aimed to characterize the effects of hypercholesterolemia on renal graft outcome, investigating the role of oxidized low-density lipoprotein (OxLDL). In vivo, we used a porcine preclinical model of renal auto-transplantation modulated by two experimental diets: a normal (n = 6) or a hyperlipidemic diet (n = 5) maintained during the 3 month follow-up after the surgical procedure. Kidney function and OxLDL levels were monitored as well as fibrosis, LOX-1 and TGF beta signaling pathways. In vitro, we used human artery endothelial cells subjected to OxLDL to investigate the TGF beta profibrotic pathway and the role of the scavenger receptor LOX-1. Hyperlipidemic diet-induced increase in plasma OxLDL levels at the time of surgery correlated with an increase in proteinuria 3 months after transplantation, associated with an early graft fibrosis combined with an activation of renal TGF beta signaling. These data suggest a direct involvement of OxLDL in the hyperlipidemic diet-induced activation of the pro-fibrotic TGF beta pathway which seems to be activated by LOX-1 signaling. These results were supported by studies with endothelial cells incubated in culture medium containing OxLDL promoting TGF beta expression inhibited by LOX-1 antibody. These results implicate OxLDL in the hyperlipidemic diet-promoted fibrosis in transplanted kidneys, suggesting LOX-1 as a potential therapeutic target and reinforce the need to control cholesterol levels in kidney transplant recipients.
    Journal of Translational Medicine 03/2014; 12(1):76. · 3.46 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The endogenous molecules high mobility group box 1 (HMGB1) and interleukin-33 (IL-33) have been identified as alarmins, capable of mediating danger signals during tissue damage. Here, we address their possible role as innate-immune mediators in ischemia-reperfusion injury (IRI) following human kidney transplantation. We analysed serum and urinary HMGB1 and IL-33 levels, all determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, in a cohort of 26 deceased renal transplant recipients. Urinary HMGB1 and IL-33 levels were significantly increased as soon as 30 min after reperfusion, as compared to those before treatment. Moreover, both serum and urinary IL-33 (but not HMGB1) increase was positively correlated with cold ischemia time, from 30 min to 3 days post-transplantation. In vitro, human umbilical vein endothelial cells subjected to hypoxia conditions released both HMGB-1 and IL-33, while only the latter was further increased upon subsequent re-oxygenation. Finally, we postulate that leukocytes from renal recipient patients are targeted by both HMGB1 and IL-33, as suggested by increased transcription of their respective receptors (TLR2/4 and ST2L) shortly after transplantation. Consistent with this view, we found that iNKT cells, an innate-like T cell subset involved in IRI and targeted by IL-33 but not by HMGB1 was activated 1 hour post-transplantation. Altogether, these results are in keeping with a potential role of IL-33 as an innate-immune mediator during kidney IRI in humans.
    PLoS ONE 01/2014; 9(2):e88742. · 3.73 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In a six-month, multicenter, open-label trial, de novo kidney transplant recipients at low immunological risk were randomized to steroid avoidance or steroid withdrawal with IL-2 receptor antibody (IL-2RA) induction, enteric-coated mycophenolate sodium (EC-MPS: 2160 mg/day to week 6, 1440 mg/day thereafter), and cyclosporine. Results from a 30-month observational follow-up study are presented. Of 166 patients who completed the core study on treatment, 131 entered the follow-up study (70 steroid avoidance, 61 steroid withdrawal). The primary efficacy endpoint of treatment failure (clinical biopsy-proven acute rejection (BPAR) graft loss, death, or loss to follow-up) occurred in 21.4% (95% CI 11.8-31.0%) of steroid avoidance patients and 16.4% (95% CI 7.1-25.7%) of steroid withdrawal patients by month 36 (P = 0.46). BPAR had occurred in 20.0% and 11.5%, respectively (P = 0.19). The incidence of adverse events with a suspected relation to steroids during months 6-36 was 22.9% versus 37.1% (P = 0.062). By month 36, 32.4% and 51.7% of patients in the steroid avoidance and steroid withdrawal groups, respectively, were receiving oral steroids. In conclusion, IL-2RA induction with early intensified EC-MPS dosing and CNI therapy in de novo kidney transplant patients at low immunological risk may achieve similar three-year efficacy regardless of whether oral steroids are withheld for at least three months.
    Journal of Transplantation 01/2014; 2014:171898.
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    ABSTRACT: Acute bilateral renal cortical necrosis (BRCN) has been reported following envenoming by exotic venomous snakes. Proatheris superciliaris is a rare viper with restricted distribution in east Africa. Very little information is available on envenoming by this species. We herein describe the case of a 60-year-old professional wildlife photographer who was bitten on his thumb while photographing an adult specimen of Proatheris superciliaris that he held at home in France. On admission, physical examination revealed severe hypertension and bruising with edema at the bite site. Within the following 24hours, he developed vomiting, diarrhea, acute lumbar pain and anuria. Laboratory tests showed acute kidney injury (serum creatinine 4.6 mg/dL), with thrombocytopenia, anemia and severe coagulopathy. Contrast-enhanced computed tomography scan revealed hypodense areas in the cortex of both kidneys consistent with diffuse BRCN. As no appropriate antivenom existed, only symptomatic care was given to the patient. Coagulation tests returned to normal within 48hours. The patient was placed on chronic hemodialysis, until he underwent successful kidney transplantation 18 months later. In developed countries, severe complications provoked by snakebites tend to be more frequent with the number of trendy exotic pets. Acute kidney injury, including BRCN, is a classic complication of viper bites. The present case of end-stage renal failure related to diffuse BRCN illustrates the potentially devastating effects of envenoming by Proatheris superciliaris. Clinicians in developed countries should be informed about renal disorders and other potentially fatal complications of venomous snake bites and seek urgent expert advice for optimizing clinical management. Education and coaching of envenomed patients and exotic snake owners is mandatory to prevent dramatic accidents.
    Toxicon 01/2014; · 2.92 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: PURPOSEPost-transplantation lymphoproliferative disorder (PTLD) is associated with significant mortality in kidney transplant recipients. We conducted a prospective survey of the occurrence of PTLD in a French nationwide population of adult kidney recipients over 10 years. PATIENTS AND METHODSA French registry was established to cover a nationwide population of transplant recipients and prospectively enroll all adult kidney recipients who developed PTLD between January 1, 1998, and December 31, 2007. Five hundred patient cases of PTLD were referred to the French registry. The prognostic factors for PTLD were investigated using Kaplan-Meier and Cox analyses.ResultsPatients with PTLD had a 5-year survival rate of 53% and 10-year survival rate of 45%. Multivariable analyses revealed that age > 55 years, serum creatinine level > 133 μmol/L, elevated lactate dehydrogenase levels, disseminated lymphoma, brain localization, invasion of serous membranes, monomorphic PTLD, and T-cell PTLD were independent prognostic indicators of poor survival. Considering five variables at diagnosis (age, serum creatinine, lactate dehydrogenase, PTLD localization, and histology), we constructed a prognostic score that classified patients with PTLD as being at low, moderate, high, or very high risk for death. The 10-year survival rate was 85% for low-, 80% for moderate-, 56% for high-, and 0% for very high-risk recipients. CONCLUSION This nationwide study highlights the prognostic factors for PTLD and enables the development of a new prognostic score. After validation in an independent cohort, the use of this score should allow treatment strategies to be better tailored to individual patients in the future.
    Journal of Clinical Oncology 02/2013; · 18.04 Impact Factor
  • Néphrologie & Thérapeutique. 09/2012; 8(5):287–288.
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    ABSTRACT: The pig is a relevant preclinical model for numerous pathologies used to validate therapeutic strategies for translation to human. Although invariant natural killer T (iNKT) lymphocytes are a component of innate immunity implicated in many pathological processes, little is known on their characterization in swine. By addressing this issue using mouse α-galactosylceramide-loaded CD1d tetramers (α-GC-CD1dTT), which are commonly used to track iNKT cells, we were able to unequivocally identify CD3(+)α-GC-CD1dTT(+) cells in porcine peripheral blood, hereafter referred to as swine iNKT cells. These lymphocytes are enriched in CD4(-)CD8(+) and CD4(-)CD8(-) cells, harbor an activated-memory phenotype (SLA-DR(+)CD45RA(-)), express the intracellular promyelocytic-leukemia-zinc-finger (PLZF) transcription factor and are significantly enriched in IFN-γ-producing cells after in vitro activation in comparison with conventional T cells. Importantly, in presence of IL-2 and IL-15, the iNKT cell ligand α-GC induces selective expansion of CD3(+)α-GC-CD1dTT(+) cells, confirming the reactivity of swine iNKT cells against α-GC. When associated with α-GC, IL-33, an alarmin of IL-1 family recently described to target iNKT cells, leads to a greater expansion of CD3(+)α-GC-CD1dTT(+) cells than IL-2 and IL-15. Altogether, our results provide the first phenotypic and functional description of swine iNKT cells allowing to further study the critical role of iNKT cells in porcine models of organ injury.
    Veterinary Immunology and Immunopathology 07/2012; 149(3-4):272-9. · 1.88 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Short-term intensified dosing using enteric-coated mycophenolate sodium (EC-MPS) reduces rejection after kidney transplantation without compromising safety and may facilitate steroid avoidance. In a 6-month, multicentre open-label trial, 222 de novo kidney transplant recipients at low-immunological risk were randomized to steroid avoidance or maintenance steroids with interleukin (IL)-2 receptor antibody (IL-2RA) induction, EC-MPS (2160 mg/day to Week 6, 1440 mg/day thereafter) and cyclosporine. The primary end point; treatment failure at Month 6 [biopsy-proven acute rejection (BPAR), graft loss, death or loss to follow-up], occurred in 17.9% (20/112) of steroid-avoidance patients and 14.5% (16/110) of controls (difference 3.4%, 95% confidence interval -6.3 to 13.1, P = 0.47 for superiority testing). BPAR occurred in 11.6 and 7.3% of patients in the steroid-avoidance and control arms, respectively (P = 0.27). Creatinine clearance was similar at Month 6 (steroid-avoidance 56 ± 18 mL/min/1.73 m(2), controls 60 ± 22 mL/min/1.73 m(2), P = 0.34). Cytomegalovirus infection, as reported by investigators, occurred in 12.5% of steroid-avoidance patients and 22.7% of controls (P = 0.045). A regimen of early intensified EC-MPS dosing with calcineurin inhibitor and IL-2RA induction permits oral steroid avoidance in adult kidney transplant patients at low-immunological risk without compromising efficacy at 6 months' follow-up.
    Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation 05/2012; 27(9):3651-9. · 3.37 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Calcineurin inhibitors improve acute rejection rates and short-term graft survival in renal transplantation, but their continuous use may be deleterious. We evaluated the 5-year outcomes of sirolimus (SRL) versus cyclosporine (CsA) immunosuppressive treatment. This observational study was an extension of the SPIESSER study where deceased donor kidney transplant recipients were randomized before transplantation to a SRL- or CsA-based regimen and followed up 1 year. Data from 131 (63 SRL, 68 CsA) out of 133 patients living with a functional graft at 1 year were collected retrospectively at 5 years posttransplant. Seventy percent of CsA patients versus 54% of SRL patients were still on the allocated treatment at 5 years (p = 0.091), most discontinuations in each group being due to safety issues. In intent-to-treat, mean MDRD eGFR was higher with SRL: 54.2 versus 45.3 mL/min with CsA (p = 0.019); SRL advantage was greater in on-treatment analyses. There were no differences for patient survival (p = 0.873), graft survival (p = 0.121) and acute rejection (p = 0.284). Adverse events were more frequent with SRL (80% vs. 60%, p = 0.015). Results confirmed the high SRL discontinuation rate due to adverse events. Nevertheless, a benefit was evidenced on renal function in patients (more than 50%) still on treatment at 5 years.
    American Journal of Transplantation 04/2012; 12(7):1801-10. · 6.19 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Early posttransplant steroid withdrawal may increase the risk of acute rejection and the occurrence of subclinical acute rejection (SCAR). We assessed the feasibility and safety of early steroid withdrawal in low-risk patients receiving cyclosporine A (CsA) and the impact of optimization of mycophenolic acid exposure on steroid withdrawal success. De novo, low-immunological risk kidney recipients received an anti-interleukin-2-receptor-α antibody induction, a short course of 7 days of corticosteroids, and CsA with 2-hr postdose concentration monitoring. They were randomized to adjusted dose (AD) of mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) using therapeutic drug monitoring (TDM) or a fixed-dose (FD) regimen. MMF 3 g was initiated posttransplant and then adjusted starting at week 2 to a 0 to 12 hr area under the concentration time curve of 40 mg · h/L versus 2 g daily, respectively. The primary endpoint was a composite of the proportion of patients experiencing biopsy-proven acute rejection (BPAR) and those with SCAR identified on the 3-month protocol biopsy. Among 247 analyzed patients, only 22 in the AD group and 17 in the FD group experienced BPAR or SCAR (P=0.46). The rate of SCAR was low: 4% (AD) and 2.5% (FD). No between-group difference in the incidence of BPAR was observed. TDM yielded MMF doses ranging from 1 to 4 g/d and significantly reduced interpatient variability at weeks 26 and 52 in the AD group. In low-immunological risk kidney recipients, MMF combined with CsA allows early corticosteroid discontinuation with good tolerability. In this group of patients, TDM of MMF does not improve clinical outcome.
    Transplantation 11/2011; 92(11):1244-51. · 3.78 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Human leukocyte antigen antibodies (HLA Abs) are associated with poor renal graft outcome. We selected 134 first kidney transplant recipients without HLA Ab (LABScreen® Luminex) before transplantation despite previous allogeneic exposure whether through blood transfusion (BT) and/or pregnancy (PR). We screened these patients for HLA Ab post-transplantation (yearly) and determined the risk of HLA Ab and donor-specific antibody (DSA) appearance according to BT/PR in a univariate and a multivariate model. Among the 134 patients (43 males/91 females), 56 were BT+/PR-, 41 BT-/PR+ and 37 BT+/PR+. Median delay between last PR or BT and transplantation were 25.9 years (0.5-47.8) and 8 months (0.8-128.0), respectively. Median number of PR and BT were 2 (1-11) and 3 units (1-28), respectively. After transplantation (median follow-up: 47.5 months), 13 patients (9.7%) had HLA Ab and 10 DSA, mainly directed against class II HLA (HLA Ab: 10/13, DSA: 9/10). The risk of HLA Ab and DSA appearance was significantly lower in patients with PR before transplantation (P = 0.032 and P = 0.009, respectively). The risk of DSA appearance (hazard ratio = 0.17, P = 0.027) remained significantly lower after adjustment on donor age, acute rejection and number of class I/II HLA mismatches. In conclusion, we show that parous women non-immunized are at low risk of HLA Ab production after transplantation.
    Tissue Antigens 10/2011; 78(4):241-8. · 2.93 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The long-term impact of subclinical acute rejection (SCAR) on renal graft function remains poorly understood. Furthermore, the interpretation of borderline lesions is difficult and their incidence is variable. The aim of this study was to analyze the characteristics of subclinical inflammation (SCI) in protocol biopsies performed 1-year after renal transplantation. SCI was defined as the presence of borderline lesions or SCAR according to the Banff 2005 classification. The patients included were a subpopulation of the CONCEPT study in which patients were randomized 3 months after transplantation to receive either sirolimus (SRL) or cyclosporine A (CsA) in combination with mycophenolate mofetil. At 1 year, we observed SCI in 37 of the 121 patients observed with an evaluable biopsy. The incidence was more frequent in the SRL group (SRL 45.2% vs. CsA 15.3%). At 30 months , SCI was associated with a significantly lower level of estimated glomerular filtration rate (mean MDRD 50.8 [±13.3] vs. 57.7 [±16.3] mL/min/1.73 m(2) , p = 0.035). In conclusion, SCI at 1-year posttransplantation is associated with worsening renal function and is more frequent in SRL-treated patients. Therefore, evaluation of SCI may be a valuable tool to allow the optimization of immunosuppressive regimens.
    American Journal of Transplantation 08/2011; 11(10):2153-61. · 6.19 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Calcineurin inhibitor (CNI) withdrawal has been used as a strategy to improve renal allograft function. We previously reported that conversion from cyclosporine A (CsA) to sirolimus (SRL) 3 months after transplantation significantly improved renal function at 1 year. In the Postconcept trial, 77 patients in the SRL group and 85 in the CsA group were followed for 48 months. Renal function (Cockcroft and Gault) was significantly better at month 48 (M48) in the SRL group both in the intent-to-treat population (ITT): 62.6 mL/min/1.73 m(2) versus 57.1 mL/min/1.73 m(2) (p = 0.013) and in the on-treatment population (OT): 67.5 mL/min/1.73 m(2) versus 57.4 mL/min/1.73 m(2) (p = 0.002). Two biopsy proven acute rejection episodes occurred after M12 in each group. Graft and patient survival were comparable (graft survival: 97.4 vs. 100%; patient survival: 97.4 vs. 97.6%, respectively). The incidence of new-onset diabetes was numerically increased in the SRL group (7 vs. 2). In OT, three cancers occurred in the SRL group versus nine in the CsA group and mean proteinuria was increased in the SRL group (0.42 ± 0.44 vs. 0.26 ± 0.37; p = 0.018). In summary, the renal benefits associated with conversion of CsA to SRL, at 3 months posttransplantation, in combination with MMF were maintained for 4 years posttransplantation.
    American Journal of Transplantation 08/2011; 11(8):1665-75. · 6.19 Impact Factor
  • Nephrologie & Therapeutique - NEPHROL THER. 01/2011; 7(5):393-393.
  • Nephrologie & Therapeutique - NEPHROL THER. 01/2011; 7(5):384-384.
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    ABSTRACT: Crystal-storing histiocytosis (CSH) is a poorly described complication of monoclonal gammopathy featuring histiocyte lysosomal storage of kappa light chain (kappa LC) crystals. Although CSH is usually associated with systemic manifestations, renal involvement is uncommon. To investigate the molecular mechanisms implicated in kappa LC crystallization, we performed immunopathological and molecular studies in three patients with CSH and renal Fanconi syndrome (CSH/FS). The V kappa sequences were determined, and resulting molecular models were compared with previously reported myeloma-associated FS kappa LC sequences. All patients presented with chronic tubulo-interstitial nephritis and renal FS with accumulation of monoclonal kappa LC crystals within proximal tubular cells. They showed peri-renal and interstitial infiltration by histiocytes containing eosinophilic crystalline inclusions (pseudo-pseudo-Gaucher cells). LC sequences were determined and assigned to their germline counterparts, in strong homology with previously reported myeloma-associated FS sequences. Comparison of CSH/FS V kappa domain 3D structures with the germline-encoded structures and those from patients with myeloma-associated FS underlined distinct hydrophobic residues exposed to the solvent in two patients, likely favouring the formation of a variant form of crystals that may further resist degradation after phagocytosis. Although CSH/FS and myeloma-associated FS are closely related disorders, peculiar mutations in the V domains of CSH/FS monoclonal kappa LCs, different from those in myeloma-associated FS, may account for crystal morphology, predominant accumulation within histiocytes and multiple organ involvement in CSH.
    Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation 03/2010; 25(9):2982-90. · 3.37 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Although cyclosporine maintenance therapy reduces the risk of acute rejection and increases short-term graft survival in renal transplant recipients, its associated nephrotoxicity increases the risk of chronic graft dysfunction. The dose that allows an optimal risk-to-benefit ratio has not been established. This multicentre study enrolled stable renal allograft recipients receiving cyclosporine and mycophenolate mofetil without corticosteroids in their second year post-transplant. Patients were randomized to a cyclosporine dose targeted to a standard area under the concentration-time curve (AUC)(0-12 h) (usual exposure, n = 104) or 50% of the study standard AUC(0-12 h) (low exposure, n = 108) using a three-point pharmacokinetic sampling. The primary endpoint was the percentage of patients with treatment failure at 24 months (graft loss/acute rejection/nephrotoxicity/>15% serum creatinine level increase). Treatment failure was reported in 37 out of 101 (37%) patients in the usual-exposure and 19 out of 106 (18%) patients in the low-exposure groups (P = 0.003). Mean estimated glomerular filtration rate decreased from baseline to 2 years with usual exposure and increased with low exposure (P < 0.001). Mean systolic and diastolic blood pressures were lower with low exposure (P = 0.03 and P = 0.008, respectively). In renal transplant recipients receiving maintenance therapy without corticosteroids, a minimization strategy using three-point pharmacokinetic sampling to reduce and maintain cyclosporine exposure to 50% of the usual levels is safe and reduces the risk of graft dysfunction.
    Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation 03/2010; 25(9):3096-106. · 3.37 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

522 Citations
122.51 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2005–2014
    • Université de Poitiers
      Poitiers, Poitou-Charentes, France
  • 2010
    • French National Centre for Scientific Research
      Lutetia Parisorum, Île-de-France, France
  • 2009
    • ERM POITIERS
      Poitiers, Poitou-Charentes, France
  • 2007
    • Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Caen
      Caen, Lower Normandy, France
  • 2004–2007
    • Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Poitiers
      Poitiers, Poitou-Charentes, France