Ji Hyun Song

Sejong University, Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea

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Publications (27)56.68 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Background and AimGallbladder polyps (GBPs) appear to be strongly associated with obesity and metabolic disease. To date, the relationship between GBPs and fatty liver has not been adequately evaluated. The aim of the present study was to investigate whether GBPs are associated with fatty liver, which is an ectopic regional fat deposit, independent of visceral adipose tissue (VAT).MethodsA cross-sectional study using 2,643 health check-up subjects (961 patients with GBP and 1,682 age- and sex-matched healthy controls) was conducted. The subjects underwent various laboratory tests, abdominal fat computed tomography (CT), and hepatic ultrasonography.ResultsThe mean age of the subjects was 51.4 ± 8.3 years, and 74.1% were male. GBPs were significantly associated with fatty liver. Multivariate regression analysis revealed that GBPs were significantly associated with the presence of fatty liver (OR 1.23, 95% CI 1.02-1.48), and adjusting for the HOMA index had little effect on this association (OR 1.23, 95% CI 1.02-1.48). Additionally, GBPs remained significantly associated with the presence of fatty liver after adjustments for CT-measured VAT and SAT (OR 1.24, 95% CI 1.03-1.50). The degree of fatty liver showed an independent (OR 1.37 95% CI 1.03-1.80) and dose-dependent relationship (moderate-severe fatty liver: OR 1.55 95% CI 1.07-2.23, P for trend = 0.014) with large GBPs (≥5mm).Conclusions Fatty liver, an ectopic regional fat deposit, was found to be closely associated with GBPs independent of known metabolic risk factors, insulin resistance, and CT-measured VAT, confirming a relevant clinical relationship between the two diseases.
    Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology 11/2014; · 3.33 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to prospectively assess the effects of the order of colonoscopic procedures and other possible factors on the adenoma detection rate (ADR).
    Journal of clinical gastroenterology. 10/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Abstract Objective. Various factors including age, sex, body mass index (BMI) and history of operation have been linked to the colonoscopic intubation time. The aims of this study were to identify the factors predicting cecal intubation time (CIT) and to evaluate the effect of the visceral adipose tissue (VAT) area on CIT. Material and methods. A total of 1386 consecutive subjects who underwent colonoscopy and abdominal CT on the same day for a health checkup at a single health care center in Korea from August to December 2011 were studied prospectively. Age, sex, BMI, height, waist circumference, history of operation, symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome, bowel preparation status, experience of colonoscopists, VAT amount on abdominal CT and time required to reach the cecum were analyzed. Results. The mean age of the subjects was 53.0 ± 9.6 years, and 63.5% were male. The median CIT was 271 s. Univariate analyses showed that female gender, old age, shorter height, lower BMI, prior history of surgery and lower VAT were associated with longer CIT. To adjust for confounding effects of the gender, we investigated the genders separately in multivariate analysis. Older age and lower VAT were associated with prolonged CIT. However, the significance of association of VAT on prolonged CIT disappeared in women. Conclusion. This study demonstrates that CIT is prolonged by lower VAT area in men. This is the first study to demonstrate a direct association between VAT area and CIT.
    Scandinavian journal of gastroenterology. 08/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Catamenial hemoptysis is a rare condition, characterized by recurrent hemoptysis associated with the presence of intrapulmonary or endobronchial endometrial tissue. Therapeutic strategies proposed for intrapulmonary endometriosis with catamenial hemoptysis consist of medical treatments and surgery. Bronchial artery embolization is a well-established modality in the management of massive or recurrent hemoptysis, but has seldom been used for the treatment of catamenial hemoptysis. We report a case of catamenial hemoptysis associated with pulmonary parenchymal endometriosis, which was successfully treated by a bronchial artery embolization.
    Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases 05/2014; 76(5):233-6.
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    ABSTRACT: Methanotrophic denitrification under a non-aerated condition (without external supply of oxygen or air) was investigated in a bioreactor coupled with a membrane diffuser. Batch experiment demonstrated that both methane consumption and nitrogen production rates were not high in the absence of oxygen, but most of the nitrate was reduced into with 88% recovery efficiency. The methane utilized for nitrate reduction was determined at 1.63 mmol /mmol -N, which was 2.6 times higher than the theoretical value. In spite of no oxygen supply, methanotrophic denitrification was well performed in the bioreactor, due to enhanced mass transfer of the methane by the membrane diffuser and utilization of oxygen remaining in the influent. The denitrification efficiency and specific denitrification rate were 47% and 1.69 mg , respectively, which were slightly lower than for methanotrophic denitrification under an aerobic condition. The average concentration of total organic carbon in the effluent was as low as 2.45 mg/L, which indicates that it can be applicable as a post-denitrification method for the reclamation of secondary wastewater effluent. The dominant fatty acid methyl ester of mixed culture in the bioreactor was and , which was predominantly found in type I and II methanotrophs, respectively. This study presents the potential of methanotrophic denitrification without externally excess oxygen supply as a post-denitrification option for various water treatment or reclamation.
    Environmental Engineering Research. 01/2014; 19(1).
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    ABSTRACT: Virtual chromoendoscopy (CE) is expected to enhance adenoma yield and reduce variation in performance between colonoscopists. This study aimed to compare the efficacy of narrow band imaging (NBI), flexible spectral imaging CE (FICE) and white light (WL) colonoscopy and their impact for less experienced endoscopists. We performed a randomised tandem colonoscopy trial controlling for withdrawal time and bowel preparation. Average-risk adults undergoing screening colonoscopy were enrolled and randomly assigned to first withdrawal with one of the three imaging modalities (NBI (NBI-WL group), FICE (FICE-WL group) and WL (WL-WL group)). Eight colonoscopists were categorised into expert and non-expert subgroups. 1650 subjects (mean age 51.4 years, 63.9% men) were included (550 in each group). Compared with WL, neither NBI nor FICE increased the mean number of adenomas detected per patient (0.37 vs 0.35 and 0.36; p=0.591) or the percentage of patients with adenoma (25.3% vs 24.5% and 23.6%; p=0.753). For all three modalities, expert subgroups had higher yields of adenomas than non-expert subgroups. Learning curves were observed only for non-expert subgroups with all three modalities. The percentage of missed adenomas did not differ between the three groups (20.8% by WL vs 22.9% by NBI and 26.0% by FICE, p=0.300) and was not affected by endoscopists' expertise. Neither NBI nor FICE improved adenoma detection or miss rates, with no difference in diagnostic efficacy between the two systems. Virtual CE had no additional benefits over WL for non-experts. KCT0000570.
    Gut 07/2013; · 10.73 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: PURPOSE: To evaluate physical activity and other lifestyle risk factors in relation to the prevalence of colorectal adenomas in asymptomatic Koreans. METHODS: A total of 1,526 asymptomatic subjects who underwent a colonoscopy were enrolled. Lifestyle factors such as physical activity and smoking data were obtained using a questionnaire. The subjects were grouped into three exposure levels by tertiles of metabolic equivalent hours per week. We evaluated the risk factors in subjects with adenomas by risk stratification (low-risk adenoma group vs. high-risk adenoma group) and by anatomic location (proximal colon, distal colon, rectum, and multiple locations). The high-risk adenoma group was defined as subjects with advanced adenomas or multiple (≥3) adenomas. RESULTS: A total of 456 participants had colorectal adenomas, and 861 had no polyps. In multivariate analyses, higher levels of physical activity were associated with a significantly decreased risk of colorectal adenomas (OR = 0.56, 95 % CI 0.40-0.79). This inverse association was stronger for the risk of high-risk adenomas (OR = 0.39, 95 % CI 0.21-0.73) than for low-risk adenomas (OR = 0.62, 95 % CI 0.43-0.89). The negative relation of physical activity was significant for distal colon adenomas (OR = 0.54, 95 % CI 0.30-0.95) and the adenomas with multiple locations (OR = 0.39, 95 % CI 0.21-0.72). CONCLUSIONS: Increased physical activity is associated with a reduced prevalence of colorectal adenomas. The inverse association between physical activity and adenoma was stronger for the risk of advanced or multiple adenomas.
    Cancer Causes and Control 06/2013; · 3.20 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The role of dietary risk factors in colorectal carcinogenesis remains unclear. We investigated the association between dietary intakes and colorectal adenomas who visited a health promotion center for a routine health check-up colonoscopy. We conducted a retrospective case-control study using data from individuals who had colonoscopy at Seoul National University Hospital Healthcare System Gangnam Center from October 2003 to December 2007. The subjects were 242 patients (162 males and 80 females) with histopathologically confirmed colorectal adenoma, and 464 (272 males and 192 females) controls. Dietary data were obtained via 24 hour dietary recall, assisted by a registered dietitian. The student's t-test and the chi-square test were performed for the statistical comparison of means and proportions among groups. Multivariate analyses using logistic regression were performed to assess the relation between dietary intake and colorectal adenoma. The total average energy intake of the patients (male: 2,407.5±429.2 kcal, female: 1,901.3±316.9 kcal) was higher than the controls (male: 2,249.6±430.4 kcal, female: 1,752.4±275.0 kcal; p=0.001). High energy intake (male: OR=4.13, 95% CI=1.70-10.05, p=0.002; female: OR=4.00, 95% CI=1.51-10.61, p=0.005) and animal protein intake (male: OR=3.97, 95% CI=1.66-9.49, p=0.002; female: OR=5.76, 95% CI=1.99-16.169, p=0.001) were found to be associated with the risk of colorectal adenoma after adjusting for confounders such as age, BMI, waist circumference, metabolic syndrome and smoking. In summary, high energy intake and animal protein were associated with colorectal adenoma.
    The Korean journal of gastroenterology = Taehan Sohwagi Hakhoe chi 08/2012; 60(2):102-8.
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    ABSTRACT: Tacrobell(®) (TB) is a generic tacrolimus which showed the comparable efficacy to original product, Prograf(®) (PG) in renal transplantation, but toxicity between two drugs is unclear. The aim of this study was to compare the toxicity between these two formulations. TB and PG (0.5, 1 and 2 mg/kg/day) was administered to rats for 4 weeks. The rat survival rate, kidney, liver and pancreas injury was investigated. The survival rate was similar between TB- and PG-treated rats. TB and PG induced renal dysfunction in a dose-dependent manner. Compared to PG treatment in equal dose, TB treatment reduced urinary creatinine clearance in a less degree and renal interstitial fibrosis was comparable between two regimens. The r-glutamyl transpeptidase was aggravated by tacrolimus treatment, and this was not different between TB and PG treatment. In the intraperitoneal glucose tolerance test, a significant diabetogenic effect was observed in all tacrolimus treated-rats. The glucose tolerance of TB-treated rats was similar to those of PG-treated rats in each dose. The decrement in pancreatic β-cell mass by tacrolimus showed the dose-dependent response and it was comparable between TB and PG treatment. In conclusion, TB is similar to PG in terms of nephrotoxicity, hepatoxicity and diabetogenic effect.
    Immunopharmacology and Immunotoxicology 10/2011; 34(3):434-42. · 1.36 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Postpolypectomy surveillance guidelines for colorectal cancer introduced the concept of 'risk stratification'; however, few studies have been conducted for validation of its usefulness. The aim of this study was to assess the 5-year incidence of advanced neoplasia recurrence based on the risk stratification scheme of the guidelines and to identify its risk factors. A prospective study of surveillance colonoscopy after screening colonoscopy was carried out at the Seoul National University Hospital Healthcare System Gangnam Center. 3803 asymptomatic Koreans aged 50-69 were enrolled prospectively and 5-year cumulative adenoma rates were analysed according to three risk groups: normal (no baseline adenoma), low-risk (1-2 adenomas <10 mm) and high-risk (an advanced adenoma or ≥ 3 adenomas) groups. The RR was computed by HR using Cox proportional regression after multivariate adjustments. The primary outcome was the 5-year cumulative rate of recurrent advanced adenoma in each risk category and the secondary outcome was its predictive factors. Among 3803 subjects enrolled between 2003 and 2005, 2452 were followed-up within 5 years: 1242, 671 and 539 in the normal, low-risk and high-risk groups, respectively. Compared with the normal group, the low-risk group had a sufficiently low 5-year incidence and did not show an increased risk for subsequent advanced adenoma (2.4% vs 2.0%, HR=1.14, 95% CI 0.61 to 2.17). Conversely, a significantly higher 5-year rate (12.2%) and early recurrence (4.6, 7.4 and 9.6% at 1, 2 and 3 years) of advanced adenoma were revealed in the high-risk group. Among various patients and adenoma characteristics, only high-risk adenoma (HR=5.95, 95% CI 3.66 to 9.68) along with a number of ≥ 3 (HR=3.06, 95% CI 1.51 to 6.57) and size ≥ 10 mm (HR=3.02, 95% CI 1.80 to 5.06) were independent predictors. The surveillance interval for low-risk patients could be extended beyond 5 years. Colonoscopic surveillance should be targeted to high-risk patients, and 3-year follow-up after initial polypectomy may be appropriate.
    Gut 03/2011; 60(11):1537-43. · 10.73 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of a new polyclonal enzyme immunoassay for the detection of Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) antigen in stool by determination of the optimal cut-off value in the screening population. A consecutive 515 patients undergoing a routine health check-up were prospectively enrolled. H. pylori infection was defined if at least two of four tests (histology, rapid urease test, (13)C-urea breath test, and serology) were positive. A stool antigen test (EZ-STEP H. pylori) was performed for the detection of H. pylori. The optimal cut-off value was determined by the receiver-operator characteristic curve. The diagnostic performance of each test was evaluated with regard to the histological diagnosis of atrophic gastritis (AG)/intestinal metaplasia (IM), degree of AG/IM, and old age. Sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative predictive values, and accuracy of the stool antigen test were 93.1%, 94.6%, 95.1%, 92.3%, and 93.8%, respectively. The sensitivity of histology, rapid urease test, and the (13)C-urea breath test ranged from 89.1% to 97.6%, and their specificity was > 98%, while serology had high sensitivity, but low specificity. The accuracy of the stool antigen test was comparable to that of other methods (93.6-95.9%), whereas it was higher than that of serology. The stool antigen test still showed good diagnostic performance in the setting of progression of AG/IM and in patients over 40 years. The performance of a new stool antigen test was comparable to that of other methods in the diagnosis of H. pylori infection for the screening population, even with the presence of AG/IM.
    Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology 03/2011; 26(6):1053-9. · 3.33 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The incidence of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is increasing in Korea. The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between GERD symptoms and dietary factors in Korea. From January 2007 to April 2008, 162 subjects were enrolled (81 in GERD group and 81 in control group). They were asked to complete the questionnaires about GERD symptoms and dietary habits. The symptom severity score was recorded by visual analogue scale. Subjects with overweight or obesity had an increased risk for GERD (OR, 2.52; 95% CI, 1.18-5.39). Irregular dietary intake was one of the risk factors for GERD (OR, 2.33; 95% CI, 1.11-4.89). Acid regurgitation was the most suffering (2.85 ± 2.95 by visual analogue scale) and frequent reflux-related symptom (57.5%) in GERD. Noodles (OR, 1.22; 95% CI, 1.12-1.34), spicy foods (OR, 1.09; 95% CI, 1.02-1.16), fatty meals (OR, 1.20; 95% CI, 1.09-1.33), sweets (OR, 1.42; 95% CI, 1.00-2.02), alcohol (OR, 1.16; 95% CI, 1.03-1.31), breads (OR, 1.17; 95% CI, 1.01-1.34), carbonated drinks (OR, 1.69; 95% CI, 1.04-2.74) and caffeinated drinks (OR,1.41; 95% CI, 1.15-1.73) were associated with symptom aggravation in GERD. Among the investigated noodles, ramen (instant noodle) caused reflux-related symptoms most frequently (52.4%). We found that noodles, spicy foods, fatty meals, sweets, alcohol, breads, carbonated drinks and caffeinated drinks were associated with reflux-related symptoms.
    Journal of neurogastroenterology and motility 01/2011; 17(1):54-60.
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    ABSTRACT: Colorectal adenoma and coronary artery disease (CAD) appear to share common risk factors, such as male gender, diabetes mellitus, smoking, and obesity. We investigated the relationship between colorectal adenoma and coronary atherosclerosis, as a risk factor for colorectal adenoma. A cross-sectional study was conducted on Korean men who presented for a health check-up. The subjects were 488 men (217 colorectal adenoma and 271 normal colonoscopic findings) who underwent colonoscopy and coronary computed tomography angiography (CTA) on the same day as a screening examination. Advanced colonic lesion was defined as a presence of adenoma with villous component, high-grade dysplasia, and/or with size of ≥1 cm. CTA findings were classified as normal, mild (low-grade atherosclerosis or <50% stenosis), and significant CAD (≥50% stenosis). Abnormal CTA findings included mild and significant CAD. Patients with abnormal CTA findings were more likely to have colorectal adenoma compared with those with normal CTA findings (P < 0.005). Furthermore, presence of advanced adenoma was significantly associated with significant CAD (P < 0.01). On multivariate analyses, abnormal CTA findings (OR = 1.66, 95% CI: 1.14-2.41, P < 0.01) and significant CAD (OR = 1.96, 95% CI: 1.15-3.35, P < 0.05) were found to be independent risk factors for colorectal adenoma after adjusting for age, current smoking, and metabolic syndrome. In this study, in the population who underwent CTA and colonoscopy for health check-up, prevalence of colorectal adenoma was greater in subjects with low-grade coronary atherosclerosis or significant CAD. The presence of advanced adenoma was significantly associated with significant CAD.
    Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology 11/2010; 25(11):1795-9. · 3.33 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) is an important risk factor of gastric adenocarcinoma. Interleukin (IL)-8 is a potent angiogenic factor and plays an important role in inflammation of gastric mucosa by H. pylori. Host susceptibility may help to predict H. pylori-infected individuals with a higher risk of gastric adenocarcinoma. The aim of this study was to clarify the effect of IL-8 polymorphism on angiogenesis in the process of gastric carcinogenesis in H. pylori-infected Koreans. The IL-8-251A/T polymorphism was genotyped by PCR-RFLP from a total of 395 subjects; 92 normal controls, 87 H. pylori-infected controls, 108 chronic atrophic gastritis and/or intestinal metaplasia and 108 adenocarcinoma. The gastric mucosal concentrations of IL-8, membrane metalloproteinase (MMP)-9, angiopoietin (Ang)-1, and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) were measured by ELISA. MMP-9 concentrations were increased with disease progression. There was significant correlation between MMP-9 and disease progression in AA (r=0.42, p<0.01) and AT genotype (r=0.43, p<0.01). Ang-1 concentrations were increased in AA genotype (r=0.40, p=0.01). However, there was no significant correlation between VEGF and disease progression in AA genotype. In conclusion, IL-8-251 AA genotype may be associated with angiogenesis in gastric carcinogenesis in H. pylori-infected Koreans.
    Cytokine 08/2010; 51(2):158-65. · 2.52 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Colonoscopy is the criterion standard for screening of colorectal neoplasms. Nonetheless, a substantial miss rate with conventional, white-light colonoscopy (WL) remains a challenge. To assess whether Fuji Intelligent Color Enhancement (FICE) can detect more adenomas than WL in screening colonoscopy. Prospective, randomized trial of tandem colonoscopy adjusted for withdrawal time and lavage effect. Seoul National University Hospital Healthcare System Gangnam Center, Korea. This study involved 359 average-risk adults undergoing screening colonoscopy. Patients were randomized to the first withdrawal with either FICE (FICE-WL group) or WL (WL-FICE group). The primary end point measure was the difference in adenoma miss rates, and the secondary outcome measure was the adenoma detection rate. We enrolled 359 patients (mean age 50.6 years, male 66.9%) and randomly assigned 181 to the WL-FICE group and 178 to the FICE-WL group. The number of adenomas detected by FICE and WL was 123 and 107, respectively. The adenoma miss rate with FICE showed no significant difference compared with that of WL (6.6% vs 8.3%, P = .59). Characteristics of lesions missed by use of FICE were similar to those missed by use of WL; 93% of overall missed polyps were < or =5 mm, and none were > or =1 cm. All missed adenomas were low grade and nonpedunculated. There was no significant difference between FICE and WL in adenoma detection rate (mean 0.64 vs 0.55 per patient, P = .65) nor percentage of patients with > or =1 adenoma (33.7% vs 30.4%, P = .74). Single-center study. FICE at screening colonoscopy did not improve the adenoma miss rate or detection rate compared with WL.
    Gastrointestinal endoscopy 07/2010; 72(1):136-42. · 6.71 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: There is an increasing evidence that the presence of CD20 B cells is associated with poor clinical outcomes in acute cellular rejection (ACR), but clinical significance of CD38 B cells is undetermined. We attempted to examine the clinical significance of the CD38 B cells alone or in combination with CD20 B cells in renal transplant recipients with ACR. Fifty-four patients with ACR were included. Biopsy specimens were stained for CD20 and CD38. The clinical outcomes of CD20 or CD38 B cells were evaluated with late-onset and repeated ACR, steroid resistance, incomplete recovery after rejection treatment, and allograft survival. Twenty-three patients (42.6%) had CD20 and 25 (46.3%) patients had CD38 B cells. Of these, 15 patients (27.8%) were positive for both CD20 and CD38 (CD20CD38). CD38 patients had higher rates of late-onset or repeated ACR and incomplete recovery compared with CD38 patients (P<0.05). The patients with CD20CD38 had a higher incomplete recovery rate than did patients with only CD20 or CD38 (P<0.05). The 5-year allograft survival was lower in CD20 and CD38 patients than in CD20 or CD38 patients (P<0.05 for each). CD20CD38 patients had lower graft survival than did patients with CD20 or CD38 alone (P<0.05). Infiltration of CD38 B cells alone or in combination with CD20 B cells is a predictor for poor clinical outcomes of ACR in renal allograft.
    Transplantation 06/2010; 89(12):1489-95. · 3.78 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Only a few reports have examined informed consent for gastrointestinal endoscopy in Korea. The aim of this study was to evaluate the appropriateness of the informed consent procedure in Korea. A total of 209 patients who underwent endoscopy were asked to answer a self-administered structured questionnaire on the informed consent procedure for gastrointestinal endoscopy. One hundred thirteen patients completed questionnaires and were enrolled. In the survey, 91.2% answered that they understood the procedure, and the degree of understanding decreased with age; 85.8% were informed of the risks of the procedure, and the proportion was higher for inpatients and for those receiving therapeutic endoscopy or endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography; 60.2% were informed of alternative methods, and the proportion was higher in older patients; 76.1% had the opportunity to ask questions during the informed consent procedure, and the proportion was higher in inpatients. The understanding of the risks of the endoscopic procedure was better in the younger and more highly educated groups. About 80% had sedation before endoscopy, and only 56% were informed of the risks of sedation during endoscopy. The current informed consent process may be reasonably acceptable and understandable to the patients. However, the understanding of the risks of endoscopy was insufficient especially in the cases of older, poorly educated patients and outpatients. The information about alternatives, the opportunity to ask for additional information, and the information about the risks of sedation during endoscopy were also insufficient in the current consent process.
    The Korean Journal of Internal Medicine 03/2010; 25(1):36-43.
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    ABSTRACT: Colorectal cancer screening is recommended for average-risk persons beginning at age 50. However, information about the incidence and risk factors of precursor adenoma in preceding decades is limited. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence and risk factors of colorectal adenoma in persons aged 40-49 years and to compare the data with those aged 30-39 years and 50-59 years. A cross-sectional study of 5254 asymptomatic subjects who underwent screening colonoscopy was conducted. Data were stratified by age into three groups: 608 aged 30-39 years, 1930 aged 40-49 years, and 2716 aged 50-59 years. Prevalence of overall adenomas was 10.4% in the 30-39 years age group, 22.2% in the 40-49 years age group, and 32.8% in the 50-59 years age group. Advanced adenoma was found in 0.7% of the 30-39 years age group, 2.7% of the 40-49 years age group, and 4.1% of the 50-59 years age group. In the 40-49 years age group, male sex and current smoking habits showed associations with low-risk adenoma after multiple adjustments. Moreover, male sex (odds ratio [OR] = 1.55, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.02-3.23), current smoking (OR = 1.58, 95%CI: 1.06-3.50), and family history of colorectal cancer (OR = 2.54, 95%CI: 1.16-5.56) were independent predictors of advanced adenoma in this age group. Prevalence of adenoma in subjects aged 40-49 years was higher than in previous studies. Male sex and current smoking habits along with a family history of colorectal cancer were associated with advanced adenoma in this age group.
    Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology 03/2010; 25(3):519-25. · 3.33 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The prevalence of reflux esophagitis is increasing in Korea. To estimate the prevalence and clinical characteristics of reflux esophagitis in healthy subjects, we retrospectively examined the medical records of healthy subjects undergoing a routine check-up from October 2004 to September 2005. A total of 6,082 (3,590 men, mean age 44+/-10 yr) subjects were enrolled in this study. The prevalence of reflux esophagitis in healthy subjects was 10.5%. According to the univariate analysis, male sex (odds ratio [OR] 3.49, 95% confidence interval [CI] 2.84-4.30), smoking history (OR 1.91, 95% CI 1.60-2.28), body mass index (BMI) >30 kg/m(2) (OR 2.13, 95% CI 1.37-3.33), total cholesterol >250 mg/dL (OR 1.50, 95% CI 1.05-2.14), low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol >/=160 mg/dL (OR 1.52, 95% CI 1.08-2.14), triglyceride >/=150 mg/dL (OR 1.92, 95% CI 1.61-2.30), high blood pressure (BP) (OR 1.46, 95% CI 1.20-1.76), and fasting glucose >/=110 mg/dL (OR 1.45, 95% CI 1.13-1.86) were significantly associated with reflux esophagitis (all p<0.05). However, age, alcohol drinking and Helicobacter pylori infection were not associated with reflux esophagitis. In conclusion, significant relationships of reflux esophagitis with obesity, low high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol, high triglyceride, high BP, and elevated fasting glucose suggested that reflux esophagitis might represent the disease spectrum of the metabolic syndrome.
    Journal of Korean medical science 04/2009; 24(2):197-202. · 0.84 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Probiotic bacteria exhibit a variety of properties, which are unique to a particular strain. Lactobacillus acidophilus-SDC 2012, 2013 are new strains isolated from Korean infants’ feces. The potential utility of Lactobacillus acidophilus-SDC 2012, 2013 in irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) was studied. Forty IBS patients were randomized into a placebo (n=20) and probiotics group (n=20). Four weeks of treatment with L. acidophilus-SDC 2012, 2013 was associated with a reduced score for abdominal pain or discomfort compared to the baseline (P=0.011). The percent reduction in abdominal pain or discomfort exceeded the placebo scores by more than 20% (23.8 and 0.2% for probiotics and placebo, respectively, P=0.003). There was a significant difference in the proportion of responders between the probiotics and placebo groups (P=0.011). There was no drop out or adverse events for either group during the study period. Lactobacillus acidophilus-SDC 2012, 2013 appeared to have a beneficial effect in patients with IBS. Further studies are warranted.
    Digestive Diseases and Sciences 09/2008; 53(10):2714-2718. · 2.26 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

162 Citations
56.68 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2014
    • Sejong University
      • Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering
      Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea
    • CHA University
      • Department of Internal Medicine
      Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea
  • 2011–2012
    • Seoul National University Hospital
      • Department of Internal Medicine
      Seoul, Seoul, South Korea
  • 2010
    • Sungkyunkwan University
      • Department of Internal Medicine
      Seoul, Seoul, South Korea