S T Yuen

Queen Mary Hospital, Hong Kong, Hong Kong

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Publications (78)362.11 Total impact

  • Cancer Research 06/2012; 72(8 Supplement):LB-380-LB-380. DOI:10.1158/1538-7445.AM2012-LB-380 · 9.28 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Malignant melanoma arising from different body compartments may be associated with differing aetiological factors and clinical behaviour, and may manifest diverse molecular genetic profiles. Although many studies have focused on cutaneous melanoma, little is known of mucosal and other types of melanoma. In particular, malignant melanoma of soft parts is different from other melanomas in many respects, yet manifests a common melanocytic differentiation. Mutation of BRAF is now known to be common in cutaneous melanomas, and raises possible new therapeutic options of anti-RAF treatment for these patients. Few data are available for non-cutaneous melanomas. To study the incidence of BRAF and NRAS mutations in melanomas arising in diverse internal organs. Fifty one melanomas from various internal organs were investigated for BRAF and NRAS mutation by direct DNA sequencing. BRAF and NRAS mutations were found in two and five mucosal melanomas arising from the aerodigestive and female genital tracts (n = 36). Their occurrence is mutually exclusive, giving a combined mutation incidence rate of 19.4% in mucosal melanomas. Both BRAF and NRAS mutations were absent in malignant melanoma of soft parts (n = 7). BRAF mutation was also absent in uveal melanoma (n = 6), but was seen in two of five cutaneous melanomas. The incidence of BRAF or combined BRAF/NRAS mutations in all non-cutaneous groups was significantly lower than published rates for cutaneous melanomas. Each melanoma subtype may have a unique oncogenetic pathway of tumour development, and only a small fraction of non-cutaneous melanomas may benefit from anti-RAF treatment.
    Journal of Clinical Pathology 07/2005; 58(6):640-4. DOI:10.1136/jcp.2004.022509 · 2.55 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: There is an increased prevalence of the 7-repeat (7R) allele of the dopamine receptor D4 (DRD4) gene in attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). However, the population prevalence of the 7R allele varies considerably across ethnicity and is very low in Asians. To test whether this 7R allele/ADHD association still held in a Chinese clinical sample, 32 Han Chinese children with a confirmed ADHD diagnosis and normal IQ who were methylphenidate-responders were genotyped. None of them had a DRD4 7R allele. Instead, we observed a significantly increased prevalence of the 2-repeat (2R) allele in this clinical sample (33%) compared to ethnically-matched controls (20%) (chi(2)(1d.f.) = 5.90, P = 0.015). This approximately 1.65-fold increase of the 2R allele in our probands is close to the observed increase of the 7R allele in European-ancestry ADHD children. Recent genetic studies have indicated that the 2R allele in Asians is likely derived from the 7R allele. Further, available biochemical data indicate that both the 2R and 7R protein have blunted responses to dopamine compared to the 4R protein. Based on these results, we propose that the observed increased prevalence of the 2R allele in our Han Chinese ADHD probands is still consistent with the 7R allele hypothesis of ADHD in European-ancestry children. Recent studies have suggested that any variant from the conserved ancestral 4R allele might potentially alter biochemistry/phenotype. We hypothesize that an increased frequency of any non-4R allele may define the association of the DRD4 gene with ADHD that holds across ethnicity. The present findings, however, obtained with a small ADHD sample size, should be replicated.
    American Journal of Medical Genetics Part B Neuropsychiatric Genetics 02/2005; 133B(1):54-6. DOI:10.1002/ajmg.b.30129 · 3.27 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To determine gastric expression of trefoil family factor 2 (TFF2) and MUC6 in Helicobacter pylori positive and negative subjects, and its association with antralisation at the gastric incisura. Gastric biopsies from the antrum, incisura, and body of 76 dyspeptic patients without ulcers were used for the determination of H. pylori infection, histological changes, and epithelial TFF2 and MUC6 expression. In the foveola, the rates of TFF2 and MUC6 immunostaining were greater in H. pylori infected (n = 27) than in uninfected patients (n = 49) at the antrum (59.3% v 4.1% for TFF2 and 63.0% v 4.1% for MUC6; both p < 0.001) and incisura (44.4% v 2.0% for TFF2 and 48.1% v 0% for MUC6; both p < 0.001). In the deeper glands, the rates were also greater in H. pylori infected than in uninfected patients at the incisura (85.2% v 22.4% for both TFF2 and MUC6; p < 0.001). Antral-type mucosa was present at the incisura in 28 of the 76 patients. TFF2 and MUC6 expression in the foveola and deeper glands was significantly associated with antral-type mucosa, independent of H. pylori status. Helicobacter pylori infection increases the expression of TFF2 and MUC6 in the gastric epithelium. Aberrant TFF2 and MUC6 expression is associated with antralisation of gastric incisura.
    Journal of Clinical Pathology 08/2004; 57(8):861-6. DOI:10.1136/jcp.2003.015487 · 2.55 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A single biopsy is usually obtained for each passage of a biopsy forceps. It was hypothesized that multiple bites per passage might improve the quantity and quality of tissue obtained, without significant artifacts. This hypothesis was tested in a prospective, pathologist-blinded study using different forceps. Forty consecutive patients who underwent elective upper endoscopy were included. Five different forceps were used in six different ways, varying in the number of bites taken per passage. Two pathologists, who were blinded to the type of biopsy forceps used, evaluated the specimens according to the parameters of maximum weight (mg), size of largest fragment (mm), depth, squash artifact, adequacy, and overall rating. A total of 240 biopsy specimens were obtained. The Microvasive Multibite and Megabite forceps obtained specimens with the maximum weight (P<0.05) and the largest size (P<0.05), respectively. Alligator forceps were able to obtain specimens significantly larger in size than the oval-shaped forceps (P<0.05). The Olympus FB-24K forceps performed best in both the adequacy score and the overall rating score (P<0.05). Forceps with a needle, or the Multibite forceps, allow more biopsies to be taken per passage and improve the quality of tissues obtained. "Needleless" forceps can be used to obtain two samples per passage through the endoscope that are as good as when only one sample is collected. This approach can save time, and causes no significant damage to the biopsy specimens.
    Endoscopy 04/2003; 35(4):338-42. DOI:10.1055/s-2003-38147 · 5.20 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Loss of E-cadherin (E-cad) has been associated with progression and poor survival in nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC). In this study, we investigated the role of methylation on E-cad inactivation in NPC cell lines, as well as in NPC tissue samples. Using 6 NPC cell lines, we found that methylation of the E-cad 5' CpG island promoter region was correlated with the loss of both mRNA and E-cad protein expression in these cell lines. In addition, using 29 NPC and 10 non-malignant nasopharyngeal samples, we also observed 5' CpG methylation of the E-cad gene in 52% (15 out of 29) NPC samples, but in only 10% (1 out of 10) of the non-malignant nasopharyngeal tissues. Our findings indicate that 5' CpG island methylation of the E-cad gene may play an important part in the inactivation of E-cad in NPC. Our results also suggest that reducing the methylation of the E-cad gene may be a potential therapeutic strategy for NPC.
    European Journal of Cancer 04/2003; 39(4):524-31. DOI:10.1016/S0959-8049(02)00494-X · 4.82 Impact Factor
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    J W C Ho, K M Chu, C W Tse, S T Yuen
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    ABSTRACT: To report on the phenotypic spectrum and clinical management of Chinese patients suffering from the rare autosomal dominant colorectal cancer syndrome of familial adenomatous polyposis. Analysis of prospectively collected data from the database of a regional registry. The Hereditary Gastrointestinal Cancer Registry, Hong Kong. One hundred and eight patients with proven familial adenomatous polyposis from 36 local Chinese families with the condition recruited to the Registry from 1995 to 2001. Screening programme for at-risk family members, prophylactic surgery at presymptomatic diagnosis, and surveillance programme for extracolonic lesions in affected individuals. Rate of colorectal cancer, type of surgical treatment, spectrum of extracolonic lesions, and management of the syndrome. Fifty patients suffered from colorectal cancer with a mortality rate of 78.0%. The strategy of presymptomatic diagnosis by screening and appropriate prophylactic surgery reduced the incidence of colorectal cancer. Affected individuals were prone to develop potentially serious extracolonic lesions including thyroid cancer (5.7%), desmoid tumour (15.7%), gastroduodenal adenomas (7.1%), duodenal microadenoma (17.1%), and pouch polyposis (17.4%). Screening and prophylactic surgery are effective ways to prevent colorectal cancer for patients with familial adenomatous polyposis. Lifelong regular surveillance is necessary to detect and manage extracolonic lesions. A dedicated registry is essential to coordinate clinical management and to compile data for furthering knowledge of this rare but complex syndrome.
    Hong Kong medical journal = Xianggang yi xue za zhi / Hong Kong Academy of Medicine 11/2002; 8(5):342-7.
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    ABSTRACT: Background: Serological clearance of hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) has been described after reception of hepatitis B surface antibody positive marrow, via allogeneic bone marrow transplantation (BMT). Histological changes during the clearance of HBsAg are unknown.Methods and Results: We described two chronic hepatitis B carriers (both hepatitis B e antigen negative), who cleared HBsAg after allogeneic bone marrow transplantation. Both received hepatitis B surface and core antibody positive human leucocyte antigen identical donors’ marrow and had serological clearance of HBsAg 15 and 7 weeks after allogeneic BMT, respectively. Both events were preceded by hepatic flare. Both patients were also treated with famciclovir for the prevention of hepatitis B reactivation after BMT. Histological examination during the flare showed only mild necroinflammatory activity with multiple foci of confluent necrosis, associated with moderate lymphocytic infiltration. The majority of these lymphocytes were cluster of differentiation (CD) 8 positive. Using immunohistochemistry, there was no detectable hepatic expression of hepatitis B core antigen. However, HBsAg was positive, mainly in the area of confluent necrosis. Using in situ hybridization, hepatitis B virus (HBV) DNA was detected in the nucleus of 5% of hepatocytes, but not in the cytoplasm.Conclusions: At their last follow up, 22 and 16 months after BMT, the serum of both patients remained HBsAg negative, hepatitis B surface antibody positive and HBV-DNA negative by branched DNA assay.
    Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology 03/2002; 14(3):262-268. DOI:10.1046/j.1440-1746.1999.01845.x · 3.63 Impact Factor
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    H P Sheng, S T Yuen, H L So, C H Cho
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    ABSTRACT: Prenatal and postnatal exposure to nicotine have been shown to affect developing tissues in growing animals. Rat pups were exposed to nicotine prenatally and/or postnatally for 10 days by feeding pregnant and lactating rat dams water containing 0, 54, or 108 microM of nicotine. Nicotine exposure did not affect either litter sizes or body weights at birth and at 10 days of age. Exposure to 108 microM of nicotine prenatally increased significantly the incidence of focal necrosis at birth, and the liver damage was still evident at 10 days of age even after the pups were allowed to suckle dams not exposed to any nicotine during the study period. Continuation of nicotine exposure postnatally increased the incidence and severity of focal and confluent necrosis. Postnatal exposure to 108 microM of nicotine to pups not previously exposed also increased the incidence of mild focal and confluent necrosis, although not significantly. Exposure to nicotine prenatally did not affect liver malondialdehyde (MDA) levels at birth. However, liver MDA was significantly lower in rat pups exposed to nicotine prenatally when they were 10 days of age irrespective of whether there were further exposure to nicotine postnatally. Reasons for the late onset of the low MDA levels need further investigation. Postnatal nicotine exposure to either 54 or 108 microM of nicotine to pups not previously exposed fails to affect liver MDA at 10 days of age. The significant decrease in hepatic superoxide dismutase (SOD) levels reflects those of hepatic injury, indicating the possibility of a nicotine-induced downregulation of SOD enzyme production.
    Experimental Biology and Medicine 12/2001; 226(10):934-9. · 2.23 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The PyloriTek Test Kit (a 1-h rapid urease test) was developed for the rapid diagnosis of Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) during endoscopy. Most studies were performed in Western populations. The aim of this study was to evaluate the PyloriTek test for the diagnosis of H. pylori infection in Chinese population. Eligible patients without prior treatment or who had had recent eradication of H. pylori were recruited. During endoscopy, biopsies were taken from the antrum and corpus for an in-house rapid urease test (RUT), histology and for the PyloriTek test (one antral and one corpus biopsy). Results of the PyloriTek test were compared with the gold standard (RUT and histology). Analysis of PyloriTek test results from the antrum alone (101 patients before eradication and 52 patients after eradication) showed a sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy of 96.3, 97.9, and 97.0%, respectively, for cases before eradication, and an accuracy of 100% for cases after eradication. The benefit of an additional body biopsy was marginal and only occurred in the pre-eradication group. The PyloriTek test was highly accurate for the diagnosis of H. pylori infection before and after eradication therapy, with a final result available at 1 h, which is unmatched by any invasive test so far. It enhances clinical decision-making by allowing the clinicians or endoscopists to start therapy on the same day of an endoscopy visit. One biopsy from the antrum is highly reliable for this purpose.
    Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology 10/2001; 16(9):976-80. DOI:10.0000/146493700361024 · 3.63 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Arsenic trioxide (As(2)O(3)) can induce clinical remission in patients suffering from acute promyelocytic leukemia, through induction of apoptosis and activation of caspases. We investigated the potential use of As(2)O(3) in human gastric cancer and its possible mechanisms. Human gastric cancer cell lines AGS and MKN-28 were treated with various concentrations (0.1 to 100 microM) of As(2)O(3) for 24 to 72 hr. Apoptosis was determined by acridine orange staining, flow cytometry and DNA fragmentation. Protein levels of p53, p21(waf1/cip1), c-myc, bcl-2 and bax were detected by Western blotting. Effects of As(2)O(3) on caspase-3 protease activity, its protein concentration and cleavage of poly(ADP)-ribose polymerase (PARP) were also studied. As(2)O(3) inhibited cell growth and induced apoptosis in both cell lines, though AGS cells were more sensitive. As(2)O(3) induced apoptosis in AGS cells in a concentration- and time-dependent manner. Treatment resulted in a marked increase in p53 protein levels as early as 4 hr. Co-incubation with p53 anti-sense oligo-nucleotide suppressed As(2)O(3)-induced intracellular p53 over-expression and apoptosis. As(2)O(3) increased the activity of caspase-3, with appearance of its 17 kDa peptide fragment, and cleavage of PARP, with appearance of the 85 kDa cleavage product, both in parallel with the induction of apoptosis. Both the tripeptide caspase inhibitor zVAD-fmk and the specific caspase-3 inhibitor DEVD-fmk partially suppressed As(2)O(3)-induced caspase-3 activation and apoptosis. As(2)O(3) inhibits cell growth and induces apoptosis in gastric cancer cells, involving p53 over-expression and activation of caspase-3. The potential use of this compound in the treatment of gastric cancer is worth further investigation.
    International Journal of Cancer 09/2001; 91(2):173-9. DOI:10.1002/ijc.1442 · 5.01 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Gastric cancer remains a major cause of cancer mortality globally but no good prognostic tumour marker is available. Soluble fragment of E-cadherin protein has been reported to increase in the sera of patients with cancer and recently was found to be elevated in 67% of patients with gastric cancer. To investigate if serum soluble E-cadherin is a valid prognostic marker in gastric cancer. Concentrations of soluble E-cadherin from 116 patients with histologically confirmed gastric adenocarcinoma and 40 healthy subjects were measured using an immunoenzymometric method with a commercially available sandwich ELISA kit based on monoclonal antibodies. The logarithm of the means of soluble E-cadherin concentration was significantly higher in patients with gastric cancers (mean 3.85 (SD 0.28)) than in healthy subjects (3.71 (0.18)) (p=0.001), and in palliative/conservatively treated cancers (3.91 (0.35)) than in operable cancers (3.78 (0.19)) (p=0.015). The logarithm of the concentrations correlated with tumour size (p=0.032) and carcinoembryonic antigen concentrations (p=0.001). The cut off value calculated from discriminant analysis on operability and inoperability/palliative treatment was 7025 ng/ml. Soluble E-cadherin concentrations higher than this cut off value predicted tumour (T4) depth invasion (p=0.020, confidence interval (CI) 1.008-1.668) and palliative/conservative treatment (p=0.023, CI 1.038-2.514). In contrast, the relative risks for lymph node (N2) metastasis, distant metastasis, and stage III/IV disease were 1.41, 1.33, and 1.55 respectively, despite not reaching statistical significance. Serum soluble E-cadherin is a potential valid prognostic marker for gastric cancer. A high concentration predicts palliative/conservative treatment and T4 invasion.
    Gut 07/2001; 48(6):808-11. · 13.32 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Different tests are available for diagnosing Helicobacter pylori infection. To compare the most commonly used tests either alone or in combination in Chinese patients with respect to routine clinical use or research purpose. A total of 294 consecutive dyspeptic patients without previous H. pylori treatment were recruited. During upper endoscopy, biopsies were taken from the antrum and corpus, for a commercially available CLO-test, an in-house rapid urease test, culture, polymerase chain reaction and histological examination. Patients then received a 13C-urea breath test. The H. pylori status of each patient was determined by a concordance of test results. For routine clinical use, histology (antral plus corpus biopsies) had an accuracy of 100%, whilst the rapid urease test had an accuracy of 99.7%. The 13C-urea breath test was equally reliable, with an accuracy of 94.5%. Combinations of two tests did not confer additional advantage over the most accurate single test. For research purposes, the accuracy of using the criteria of two positives out of three diagnostic tests was 100% and equivocal results were not found. Histology with or without a rapid urease test was highly accurate for routine clinical use. Alternatively, the 13C-urea breath test was an equally reliable non-invasive test. The two positives out of three tests approach was highly reliable in predicting H. pylori status of untreated Chinese patients in a research setting.
    Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics 05/2001; 15(4):505-11. DOI:10.1046/j.1365-2036.2001.00947.x · 5.48 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To compare 1-week ranitidine bismuth citrate-based (RBC) triple therapy vs. omeprazole-based (O) triple therapy for the eradication of Helicobacter pylori infection in Hong Kong with high prevalence of metronidazole resistance. Patients with non-ulcer dyspepsia and H. pylori infection were randomized to receive either: (i) RBCCM: ranitidine bismuth citrate (pylorid) 400 mg, clarithromycin 250 mg and metronidazole 400 mg; or (ii) OCM: omeprazole 20 mg, clarithromycin 250 mg and metronidazole 400 mg, each given twice daily for 1 week. Endoscopy (CLO test, histology and culture) and 13C-urea breath test were performed before randomization and 6 weeks after drug treatment. A total of 180 patients were randomized. H. pylori eradication rates (intention-to-treat, n=180/per protocol, n=166) were 83%/92% for RBCCM and 66%/70% for OCM (P=0.01, intention-to-treat and P=0.001, per protocol, respectively). RBCCM treatment was unaffected by metronidazole susceptibility and achieved a significantly higher eradication rate in metronidazole-resistant cases (89%) than the OCM group (45%, P=0.0064). One-week ranitidine bismuth citrate-based triple therapy is significantly better than omeprazole-based triple therapy for the eradication of H. pylori infection, especially in metronidazole-resistant cases. It is an effective regimen for the eradication of H. pylori infection in regions with a high prevalence of metronidazole resistance.
    Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics 04/2001; 15(3):403-9. DOI:10.1046/j.1365-2036.2001.00932.x · 5.48 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate the clinicopathologic characters and carcinogentic pathways of young (age < 36) colorectal carcinomas (CRCs) in Guangzhou, China. Immunohistochemistry and flow cytometry methods were used to detect the expression of hMSH(2) and hMLH(1), status of DNA ploidy in 63 cases of young CRCs from Guangzhou, China, and analyze their correlations with patient's clinicopathological characters. Of the 63 young CRCs studied, forty-four (69.8%) tumors were non-mucinous carcinomas, thirty-nine (61.9%) patients were in Dukes' C or D stage. Of the 59 CRCs which were successfully detected by immunohistochemistry and flow cytometry, ten (16.9%) CRCs lost either hMSH(2) or hMLH(1) and showed DNA diploid or near-diploid, while twenty-six (44.1%) had aneuploid DNA content and all with the normal expression of hMSH(2) and hMLH(1). In addition, there existed a significant percentage (23/59, 39%) of young CRCs showing no loss of either of these two mismatch repair proteins and having a diploid or near diploid DNA content. The overall percentage of young CRCs in Guangzhou is significantly higher than those in Caucasian predominant countries and about seventy percent of young CRCs in Guangzhou are conventional carcinomas. 39% of young CRCs in Guangzhou showed no evidence of either chromosomal instability or microsatellite instability carcinogentic pathway, indicating that there must be at least a third pathway which triggers the CRCs in these special subgroups of young patients in Guangzhou, China.
    Zhonghua bing li xue za zhi Chinese journal of pathology 01/2001; 29(6):412-5.
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    ABSTRACT: Conventional (13)C-urea breath testing ((13)C-UBT) includes a test meal to delay gastric emptying, which, theoretically, improves the accuracy of the test. Citric acid has been proposed as the best test meal. However, recent studies have suggested that a test meal may not be necessary. To investigate a new (13)C-UBT protocol without a test meal in a Chinese population. Consecutive dyspeptic patients referred for upper endoscopy were recruited. (13)C-UBT was performed on two separate days with or without a test meal (2.4 Gm citric acid) and compared with the 'gold standard' (CLO test and histology). Two hundred and two patients were tested. Using receiver operating characteristics (ROC) analysis, the optimal delta-value and optimal measurement interval for UBT were 5% and 30 min, respectively, both with or without a test meal. The sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, negative predictive value and accuracy of (13)C-UBT with citric acid (96.5%, 97.7%, 98.2%, 95.6%, 97.0%) were similar to (13)C-UBT without a test meal (94.7%, 97.7%, 98.2%, 93.5%, 96.0%). This simplified (13)C-UBT protocol without a test meal produced highly accurate and reliable results in the Chinese population.
    Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics 11/2000; 14(10):1353-8. DOI:10.1046/j.1365-2036.2000.00843.x · 5.48 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The Hong Kong Chinese population has an unusually high incidence of colorectal cancer in the young, suggestive of hereditary susceptibility. To search for a genetic basis for this predisposition, we studied the incidence of microsatellite instability (MSI) in paraffin-embedded colectomy specimens of 124 young (<50 years old) Chinese colorectal cancer patients referred to the Hong Kong Hereditary Gastrointestinal Cancer Registry from 1995 to 1998. By medical record review and personal interview, we searched for distinct clinical features associated with the manifestation of MSI in this group of patients. For patients with MSI tumours, blood was taken for detection of germline mutation in 2 mismatch repair (MMR) genes. MSI was present in 33 tumours from 23 males and 10 females (26.6%). Ongoing mutation analysis has so far identified MMR gene mutations in 8 patients with MSI tumours. The incidence of MSI increased significantly with decreasing age at cancer diagnosis. For patients aged 30 to 49, MSI tumours were located mainly at the proximal colon. However, for exceptionally young patients (<30 years), MSI tumours tended to be at the distal large bowel. This observation suggested a differential activity of the MMR pathway in colorectal carcinogenesis in different age groups. On multivariate analysis, young age at cancer diagnosis, proximal tumour location, a strong family history of colorectal cancer, and a personal history of metachronous cancer were independent predictors for MSI status. This knowledge may have an impact on the management of young colorectal cancer patients and their families.
    International Journal of Cancer 08/2000; 89(4):356-60. · 5.01 Impact Factor
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    L Ma, W P Wang, J Y Chow, S T Yuen, C H Cho
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    ABSTRACT: Cigarette smoking is associated with peptic ulcer diseases. Smokers have lower levels of salivary epidermal growth factor (EGF) than nonsmokers. We investigated whether reduction of EGF is involved in the delay of gastric ulcer healing by cigarette smoking. Rats with acetic acid-induced ulcers were exposed to cigarette smoke (0, 2, or 4% vol/vol) 1 day after ulcer induction. EGF level was elevated 1 day after ulcer induction in salivary glands and serum, and 4 days after ulcer induction in the gastric mucosa. However, cigarette smoke depressed these beneficial effects and EGF mRNA expression in salivary glands and gastric mucosa. Cigarette smoke delayed gastric ulcer healing and reduced cell proliferation, angiogenesis, and mucus synthesis. Exogenous EGF (10 and 20 microg/kg i.v.) before smoke exposure reversed the adverse effects of cigarette smoke, whereas vascular endothelial growth factor level and nitric oxide synthase activity were unaffected. It is concluded that the detrimental effect of cigarette smoke on ulcer healing is a consequence of reduction of angiogenesis, cell proliferation, and mucus secretion through the depressive action on EGF biosynthesis and its mRNA expression in salivary glands and gastric mucosa.
    AJP Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology 02/2000; 278(1):G10-7. · 3.74 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Chan TL, Yuen ST, Chung LP, Ho JWC, Kwan K, Fan YW, Chan ASY, Leung SY. 1999. Germline hMSH2 and differential somatic mutations in patients with Turcot's syndrome. Genes Chromosomes Cancer 25:75-81, 1999. It has come to our attention that the three patients described in the article above, were also included in a report by Leung et al., American Journal of Pathology, 153:1181-1189, 1998. Reference to the American Journal of Pathology article was inadvertently omitted
    Genes Chromosomes and Cancer 12/1999; 26(3):273. DOI:10.1002/(SICI)1098-2264(199911)26:33.0.CO;2-Q · 3.84 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Helicobacter pylori, especially the CagA-positive strains, are closely associated with peptic ulcers and gastric cancers. We performed a large scale gastric cancer screening project and examined the prevalence of H. pylori and CagA-positive strains in Changle, China, an area with one of the World's highest gastric cancer mortality. We also compared the prevalence with that in Hong Kong which has one-tenth of the gastric cancer mortality of that in Changle. A total of 2424 subjects in Changle and 523 subjects in Hong Kong had endoscopic examination and venesection. Sera were tested for anti-H. pylori antibody and anti-CagA antibody and correlated with endoscopic findings. In Changle, 80. 9% of the subjects were H. pylori carriers. Out of 551 carriers, 408 (74%) were positive for anti-CagA antibody. A total of 76% and 87% of the asymptomatic and gastric cancer patients were positive for anti-CagA antibody, respectively (P > 0.05). Compared to Hong Kong, there was a significantly (P < 0.0001) higher prevalence of CagA-positive strains in asymptomatic subjects in Changle (76%) than in Hong Kong (28%), but not in peptic ulcers or gastric cancers. Subjects in Changle had a high prevalence of H. pylori infection and a high prevalence of the CagA-positive strains. The contrast in the prevalence of CagA-positive strains, in asymptomatic subjects in two areas with differing gastric cancer mortality, supports the pathogenic role of CagA-positive strains in gastric carcinogenesis.
    Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics 11/1999; 13(10):1295-302. DOI:10.1046/j.1365-2036.1999.00619.x · 5.48 Impact Factor