Kyle D Holen

AbbVie, Либертивил, Illinois, United States

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Publications (72)376.24 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Purpose: The oral Bcl-2 inhibitor navitoclax demonstrated activity in solid and hematologic malignancies as monotherapy and in combination with other cytotoxic agents in preclinical and early clinical studies. We evaluated the safety, pharmacokinetics (PK), and antitumor activity of navitoclax plus irinotecan. Methods: In this multicenter, open-label, phase 1 dose escalation study, adults with advanced solid tumors received navitoclax (starting dose 150 mg/day) in combination with 1 of 2 irinotecan schedules during a 21-day cycle: a once-every-3-week regimen (Q3W 180, 250, or 350 mg/m(2)) or a once-weekly regimen (QW 75 or 100 mg/m(2)). Enrollment occurred until a maximum tolerated dose (MTD) and/or recommended phase 2 dose (RPTD) was reached. Results: All patients (Q3W, n = 14; QW, n = 17) were evaluable for safety, PK, and efficacy. The most common adverse event in both groups was diarrhea (Q3W 92.9 %; QW 76.5 %), which was the most frequent grade 3/grade 4 adverse event (Q3W 42.9 %; QW 29.4 %). The study was amended to exclude 4 UGT1A1*28 7/7 homozygous patients due to frequent irinotecan-related grade 3/grade 4 diarrhea and/or febrile neutropenia. No apparent PK interactions between navitoclax and irinotecan were observed. The MTD of the combination was exceeded in the Q3W group at the lowest dose administered. In the QW group, the MTD and RPTD for navitoclax were 150 mg when combined with irinotecan 75 mg/m(2). One patient in each group achieved a partial response. Conclusion: The RPTD of navitoclax in combination with irinotecan 75 mg/m(2) QW during a 21-day cycle was 150 mg in these heavily pretreated patients.
    Cancer Chemotherapy and Pharmacology 10/2015; DOI:10.1007/s00280-015-2882-9 · 2.77 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose: Navitoclax (ABT-263), a novel, oral Bcl-2 inhibitor, enhances the antitumor effects of chemotherapy in vitro by lowering the apoptotic threshold. This phase I study (NCT01009073) evaluated the safety, pharmacokinetics, and preliminary antitumor activity of navitoclax combined with erlotinib in patients with advanced solid tumors. Patients and methods: An open-label dose escalation study included an arm evaluating navitoclax combined with erlotinib, which included a dose escalation cohort and a planned safety expansion cohort. Patients with documented cancers for whom erlotinib therapy was appropriate received erlotinib 150 mg orally once daily plus navitoclax 150 mg orally once daily, with navitoclax dose escalation via a continuous reassessment method model. Results: Eleven patients were enrolled, including six patients with nonsmall cell lung cancer. Dose-limiting toxicities, most commonly diarrhea, were observed in 4 patients. Navitoclax dosing remained at 150 mg/day because the maximum tolerated dose was exceeded at this starting dose. The planned dose escalation did not occur; no recommended phase II dose (RPTD) was identified, and there was no safety expansion cohort. The most common treatment-related adverse events were diarrhea, nausea, vomiting, and decreased appetite. Pharmacokinetic analysis showed no apparent interactions between co-administered navitoclax and erlotinib. No objective responses were observed; the disease control rate was 27 % (95 % CI, 6-61 %). Conclusion: At the erlotinib and navitoclax doses administered, RPTD was not reached, but the safety profile of the combination was consistent with data from monotherapy studies. There were no apparent pharmacokinetic interactions between erlotinib and navitoclax. Three patients had stable disease.
    Cancer Chemotherapy and Pharmacology 09/2015; DOI:10.1007/s00280-015-2883-8 · 2.77 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose: ABT-806, a humanized recombinant monoclonal antibody, binds a unique epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) epitope exposed in the EGFRde2-7 (EGFRvIII) deletion mutant and other EGFR proteins in the activated state. This phase I study evaluated the safety, pharmacokinetics, and recommended phase two dose (RP2D) of ABT-806 in patients with solid tumors that commonly overexpress activated EGFR or EGFRvlll. Methods: Patients with advanced solid tumors, including glioblastoma, were eligible. Following a dose escalation phase, expanded safety cohorts of patients with solid tumors or EGFR-amplified glioblastoma were enrolled. Adverse events (AEs) were graded by National Cancer Institute Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events v4.0; tumor response was assessed by Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors v1.1. EGFR protein expression was quantified by immunohistochemistry. Results: 49 patients were treated. Frequent AEs (≥10 %) possibly/probably related to ABT-806 were fatigue (18 %), nausea (16 %), dermatitis acneiform (12 %), and vomiting (10 %). Only one dose-limiting toxicity (grade three morbilliform rash) occurred. The RP2D was the pre-specified highest dose (24 mg/kg). Systemic exposures were dose proportional between 2 and 24 mg/kg. Median time to progression was 55 days (95 % confidence interval, 53-57) in all patients and 43 days (22-57) for glioblastoma patients. No objective responses occurred; however, two patients had prolonged stable disease. An EGFR-amplified penile cancer patient has stable disease lasting over 2.5 years. Conclusions: ABT-806 has unique pharmacokinetic and safety profiles. Toxicities were infrequent and typically low grade at the RP2D. Linear ABT-806 pharmacokinetics suggest lack of significant binding to wild-type EGFR in normal tissues.
    Investigational New Drugs 04/2015; 33(3). DOI:10.1007/s10637-015-0234-6 · 2.92 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: ABT-806 is a veneered 'humanized' recombinant IgG1κ antibody that is specific for a unique epitope of human epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) expressed only on tumor cells with the EGFRde2-7 (EGFRvIII) deletion mutant as well as tumors with wild-type amplified receptors. We aimed to develop a population pharmacokinetic model of ABT-806 in cancer patients, and to evaluate fixed versus body weight-based dosing regimens. The pharmacokinetics of ABT-806 were evaluated in a phase I, open-label study in cancer patients following intravenous infusion of ABT-806 every other week. A total of 587 serum concentrations of ABT-806 from 61 patients were analyzed using non-linear mixed-effects modeling. The impact of body weight-based and fixed dosing of ABT-806 was evaluated using a simulation approach. A two-compartment model with linear elimination was used to describe the serum concentration-time data of ABT-806. The population estimates of the apparent clearance from the central (CLc) and peripheral (CLp) compartments were 0.011 and 0.025 L/h, respectively. The apparent volume of distribution estimates of the central (V 1) and peripheral (V 2) compartments were 3.5 and 3.3 L, respectively. The estimates of inter-subject variability (percentage coefficient of variation) in CLc, CLp, V 1, and V 2 were 38, 37, 20, and 48 %, respectively. Albumin on CLc and body weight on V 1 were statistically significant covariates; however, they explained 18 and 30 % of the inter-individual variability of clearance and V 1, respectively. Simulation results indicated that fixed and body weight-based dosing regimens yield similar steady-state concentrations and overall variability. ABT-806 demonstrated a unique pharmacokinetic profile compared to the marketed monoclonal antibodies against EGFR. The analysis indicates it is feasible to switch to fixed doses in subsequent clinical trials of ABT-806.
    Clinical Pharmacokinetics 03/2015; DOI:10.1007/s40262-015-0258-2 · 5.05 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Veliparib, a potent, oral PARP inhibitor, potentiates the antitumor activity of radiation therapy and crosses the blood-brain barrier. This was a phase 1 dose-escalation study evaluating the safety, and secondarily the antitumor activity of veliparib in combination with whole brain radiation therapy (WBRT) in patients with brain metastases, in order to power future trials. Patients with brain metastases from primary solid tumors were treated with WBRT (30.0 or 37.5 Gy in 10 or 15 fractions) and veliparib (escalating doses of 10-300 mg, orally BID). Safety and tumor response were assessed. Observed survival was compared to predicted survival based on a published nomogram. Eighty-one patients (median age 58 years) were treated. The most common primary tumor types were non-small cell lung (NSCLC; n = 34) and breast cancer (n = 25). The most common AEs deemed possibly related to veliparib (AEs, ≥15 %) were fatigue (30 %), nausea (22 %), and decreased appetite (15 %). Fatigue (5 %), hypokalemia and hyponatremia (3 % each) were the only Grade 3/4 AEs deemed possibly related to veliparib observed in ≥2 patients. Although this was an uncontrolled study, preliminary efficacy results were better than predicted: the median survival time (MST, 95 % CI) for the NSCLC subgroup was 10.0 mo (3.9-13.5) and for the breast cancer subgroup was 7.7 mo (2.8-15.0) compared to a nomogram-model-predicted MST of 3.5 mo (3.3-3.8) and 4.9 mo (4.2-5.5). The addition of veliparib to WBRT did not identify new toxicities when compared to WBRT alone. Based on encouraging safety and preliminary efficacy results, a randomized, controlled phase 2b study is ongoing.
    Journal of Neuro-Oncology 02/2015; 122(2). DOI:10.1007/s11060-015-1733-1 · 3.07 Impact Factor
  • European Journal of Cancer 11/2014; 50:111. DOI:10.1016/S0959-8049(14)70468-X · 5.42 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Background: RO4929097 is an oral inhibitor of γ -secretase that results in Notch signaling inhibition. Prior work has demonstrated that Notch signaling inhibition enhances chemotherapy sensitivity of cancer cells. This phase I study was conducted to determine maximum tolerated dose (MTD), toxicities and efficacy of RO4929097 and capecitabine in advanced solid tumors. Methods: Patients with refractory solid tumors received capecitabine at a fixed dose of 1,000 mg/m(2) twice daily with escalating doses of RO4929097 on a 21-day cycle in a 3 + 3 design. Capecitabine was administered for 14 days and the RO49029097 once daily, 3 days per week, both for a 21 day cycle. Results: Thirty patients were treated on six dose levels (20 to 150 mg). The maximally tolerated dose was not reached. One dose limiting toxicity was observed at each level 3 through 6 (hypophosphatemia, fatigue, and nausea/vomiting). Three confirmed partial responses were observed: two patients with fluoropyrimide-refractory colon cancer and one patient with cervical cancer. Autoinduction of RO4929097 was demonstrated with increasing dose levels and duration. Conclusions: The recommended phase 2 dose is capecitabine 1,000 mg/m(2) orally twice daily on days 1 through 14 with RO4929097 20 mg orally once daily on days 1-3, 8-10 and 15-17 with a 21 day cycle. Clinical benefit was observed in cervical and colon cancer. Autoinduction of RO4929097 was seen both with increasing cycle number and increasing dose. Plasma concentrations of RO4929097 were above those needed for Notch inhibition.
    Investigational New Drugs 10/2014; 33(1). DOI:10.1007/s10637-014-0166-6 · 2.92 Impact Factor
  • 39th ESMO Congress (ESMO); 09/2014
  • International journal of radiation oncology, biology, physics 09/2014; 90(1):S22. DOI:10.1016/j.ijrobp.2014.05.116 · 4.26 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Background: Biopharmaceutical studies for anti-cancer drugs are typically conducted in cancer patients due to unacceptable toxicities to healthy volunteers. Navitoclax is a first-in-class, orally bioavailable, targeted Bcl-2 family protein inhibitor that has been studied in cancer patients. Methods: A strategy that integrated the evaluation of non-clinical toxicology data and clinical data in cancer patients was employed to assess the feasibility, determine doses and establish risk management plans for studying navitoclax in healthy volunteers. Two relative bioavailability/food effect studies with either a 25 mg dose or 50 and 100 mg doses of navitoclax were conducted sequentially in healthy female volunteers of non-childbearing potential. Results/conclusion: Navitoclax was well-tolerated in both studies in healthy volunteers, and did not impose risks beyond the minimal levels expected in healthy volunteer studies. Compared to a similar study in cancer patients, the studies in healthy volunteers generated higher quality data in a short period of time to support formulation selection.
    Anticancer research 07/2014; 34(7):3739-46. · 1.83 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose: To investigate the safety, optimal dosing, pharmacokinetics and clinical activity of a regimen of navitoclax (ABT-263) combined with gemcitabine in patients with solid tumors. Experimental design: Patients with solid tumors for which gemcitabine was deemed an appropriate therapy were enrolled into one of two different dosing schedules (21-day dosing schedule: navitoclax administered orally on days 1-3 and 8-10,; and gemcitabine 1,000 mg/m(2) on days 1 and 8; 28-day dosing schedule: navitoclax administrated orally on days 1-3, 8-10, and 15-17; and gemcitabine 1,000 mg/m(2) on days 1, 8 and 15). Navitoclax doses were escalated from 150 to 425 mg. An expanded safety cohort was conducted for the 21-day dosing schedule at the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) of navitoclax. Results: Forty-six patients were enrolled at three U.S. centers. The most common adverse events included: hematologic abnormalities (thrombocytopenia, neutropenia, and anemia), liver enzyme elevations (ALT and AST), and gastrointestinal disturbances (diarrhea, nausea, and vomiting). Dose-limiting toxicities (DLTs) observed in cycle 1 were grade 4 thrombocytopenia (2 patients), grade 4 neutropenia (1 patient), and grade 3 AST elevation (2 patients). The MTD of navitoclax was 325 mg co-administered with gemcitabine 1,000 mg/m(2) for the 21-day schedule. No clinically significant pharmacokinetic drug-drug interactions were observed. There were no objective responses. Stable disease, reported at the end of cycle 2, was the best response in 54 % of evaluable patients (n = 39). Conclusions: The combination of navitoclax 325 mg with gemcitabine 1,000 mg/m(2) was generally well tolerated and exhibited a favorable safety profile in patients with advanced solid tumors.
    Investigational New Drugs 06/2014; 32(5). DOI:10.1007/s10637-014-0110-9 · 2.92 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Background and Aim: Navitoclax is a targeted B-cell lymphoma-2 (Bcl-2) family protein inhibitor. The present study evaluated the effect of ketoconazole, a strong cytochrome P450 (CYP) 3A4 inhibitor, on the pharmacokinetics of navitoclax in patients with cancer. Eleven patients with cancer were enrolled in this Phase I study. Single doses of navitoclax at 60 mg were administered orally on days 1 and 8. Ketoconazole at 400 mg was given once daily from days 7 through 10. Blood samples were collected pre-dose through 72 h after each navitoclax dose. Ten patients had evaluable pharmacokinetic data and were, therefore, included in pharmacokinetic statistical analyses. The maximum observed plasma concentration (Cmax) and area under the plasma concentration-time curve (AUC) from time 0 to infinite time (AUC∞) of navitoclax in the presence of ketoconazole was 94% (90% confidence interval (CI)=53165%) and 155% (90% CI=91264%), respectively of those observed with navitoclax when administered alone. The increase in navitoclax AUC∞ was primarily driven by two patients, who had 5-fold and 11-fold increases, respectively, in navitoclax AUC∞ in the presence of ketoconazole. These two participants had unusually low plasma drug exposure when navitoclax was administered alone, and their navitoclax exposure in the presence of ketoconazole increased to be within the range of the other 8 patients. There were no adverse events related to navitoclax exposure reported in these 2 patients. Co-administration of navitoclax with ketoconazole did not increase navitoclax exposure above that observed with navitoclax monotherapy and did not appear to affect its safety profile. Results suggest CYP3A does not play a major role in elimination of navitoclax.
    Anticancer research 04/2014; 34(4):2001-6. · 1.83 Impact Factor
  • Molecular Cancer Therapeutics 01/2014; 12(11_Supplement):A250-A250. DOI:10.1158/1535-7163.TARG-13-A250 · 5.68 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Background: A phase I study to assess the maximum-tolerated dose (MTD), dose-limiting toxicity (DLT), pharmacokinetics (PK) and antitumor activity of vorinostat in combination with bortezomib in patients with advanced solid tumors. Methods: Patients received vorinostat orally once daily on days 1-14 and bortezomib intravenously on days 1, 4, 8 and 11 of a 21-day cycle. Starting dose (level 1) was vorinostat (400 mg) and bortezomib (0.7 mg/m(2)). Bortezomib dosing was increased using a standard phase I dose-escalation schema. PKs were evaluated during cycle 1. Results: Twenty-three patients received 57 cycles of treatment on four dose levels ranging from bortezomib 0.7 mg/m(2) to 1.5 mg/m(2). The MTD was established at vorinostat 400 mg daily and bortezomib 1.3 mg/m(2). DLTs consisted of grade 3 fatigue in three patients (1 mg/m(2),1.3 mg/m(2) and 1.5 mg/m(2)) and grade 3 hyponatremia in one patient (1.5 mg/m(2)). The most common grade 1/2 toxicities included nausea (60.9%), fatigue (34.8%), diaphoresis (34.8%), anorexia (30.4%) and constipation (26.1%). Objective partial responses were observed in one patient with NSCLC and in one patient with treatment-refractory soft tissue sarcoma. Bortezomib did not affect the PKs of vorinostat; however, the Cmax and AUC of the acid metabolite were significantly increased on day 2 compared with day 1. Conclusions: This combination was generally well-tolerated at doses that achieved clinical benefit. The MTD was established at vorinostat 400 mg daily × 14 days and bortezomib 1.3 mg/m(2) on days 1, 4, 8 and 11 of a 21-day cycle.
    Investigational New Drugs 10/2013; 31(6). DOI:10.1007/s10637-013-0029-6 · 2.92 Impact Factor
  • Cancer Research 08/2013; 73(8 Supplement):870-870. DOI:10.1158/1538-7445.AM2013-870 · 9.33 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Vorinostat is a small molecule inhibitor of class I and II histone deacetylase enzymes which alters the expression of target genes including the cell cycle gene p21, leading to cell cycle arrest and apoptosis. Patients enrolled in a phase I trial were treated with vorinostat alone on day 1 and vorinostat and bortezomib in combination on day 9. Paired biopsies were obtained in eleven subjects. Blood samples were obtained on days 1 and 9 of cycle 1 prior to dosing and 2 and 6 h post-dosing in all 60 subjects. Gene expression of p21, HSP70, AKT, Nur77, ERB1, and ERB2 was evaluated in peripheral blood mononuclear cells and tissue samples. Chromatin immunoprecipitation of p21, HSP70, and Nur77 was also performed in biopsy samples. In peripheral blood mononuclear cells, Nur77 was significantly and consistently decreased 2 h after vorinostat administration on both days 1 and 9, median ratio of gene expression relative to baseline of 0.69 with interquartile range 0.49-1.04 (p < 0.001); 0.28 (0.15-0.7) (p < 0.001), respectively, with more pronounced decrease on day 9, when patients received both vorinostat and bortezomib. p21, a downstream target of Nur77, was significantly decreased on day 9, 2 and 6 h after administration of vorinostat and bortezomib, 0.67 (0.41-1.03) (p < 0.01); 0.44 (0.25-1.3) (p < 0.01), respectively. The ChIP assay demonstrated a protein-DNA interaction, in this case interaction of Nur77, HSP70 and p21 with acetylated histone H3, at baseline and at day 9 after treatment with vorinostat in tissue biopsies in most patients. Vorinostat inhibits Nur77 expression, which in turn may decrease p21 and AKT expression in PBMCs. The influence of vorinostat on target gene expression in tumor tissue was variable; however, most patients demonstrated interaction of acetylated H3 with Nur77, HSP70, and p21 which provides evidence of interaction with the transcriptionally active acetylated H3.
    Cancer Chemotherapy and Pharmacology 08/2013; 72(3). DOI:10.1007/s00280-013-2242-6 · 2.77 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Chemotherapy has yielded minimal clinical benefit in pancreatic and biliary tract cancer. A high-dose, short course capecitabine schedule with oxaliplatin, has shown some efficacy with a lower incidence of palmar-plantar erythrodysesthesia. Achieving high exposures of the targeted agent sorafenib may be possible with this shorter schedule of capecitabine by avoiding dermatologic toxicity. All patients had pancreatic or biliary tract cancer. Patients in both cohorts received oxaliplatin 85 mg/m2 followed by capecitabine 2,250 mg/m2 PO every 8 h x 6 doses starting on days 1 and 15 of a 28 day cycle, or 2DOC (2 Day Oxaliplatin/Capecitabine). Cohort 1 used sorafenib 200 mg BID, and cohort 2 used sorafenib 400 mg BID. Sixteen patients were enrolled. Across all cycles the most common grade 1 or 2 adverse events were fatigue (10 pts), diarrhea (10 pts), nausea (9 pts), vomiting (8 pts), sensory neuropathy (8 pts), thrombocytopenia (7 pts), neutropenia (5 pts), and hand-foot syndrome (5 pts). Grade 3 toxicites included neutropenia, mucositis, fatigue, vomiting and diarrhea. Cohort 1 represented the MTD. Two partial responses were seen, one each in pancreatic and biliary tract cancers. The recommended phase II dose of sorafenib in combination with 2DOC is 200 mg BID. There were infrequent grade 3 toxicities, most evident with sorafenib at 400 mg BID.
    Investigational New Drugs 12/2012; 31(4). DOI:10.1007/s10637-012-9916-5 · 2.92 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Abstract Background: Patients treated with epidermal growth factor receptor inhibitors (EGFRIs) may develop dermatologic adverse drug reactions (ADRs) that may affect patients' quality of life, require medical care, and may lead to substantial costs. This study assessed the economic burden of dermatologic ADRs in colorectal cancer (CRC), head and neck cancer (HNC), and non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients. Methods: Adult patients with ≥ 1 diagnosis for the study cancer initiated on EGFRIs indicated for CRC, HNC, and NSCLC were selected from a large commercial database (MarketScan Commercial Database [2000-2010]*). For each cancer type, patients were classified into two mutually exclusive cohorts: "ADR" (patients with ≥ 1 ADR following EGFRI initiation) and "ADR-free" (patients without any ADR). Patients were observed from the index date up to the end of continuous healthcare plan enrollment or 90 days after EGFRI discontinuation, whichever occurred first. For each cancer group, the proportion of patients and the incidence rate (IR) of experiencing ≥1 dermatologic ADR were reported. Incidence rate ratios for healthcare resource utilization and monthly incremental costs (2010 USD) were estimated using Poisson regression and generalized linear or two-part models, respectively. Results: Overall, the proportion of patients with ≥1 ADR ranged between 20.5% and 36.4% across cancer groups (IR ranged between 44.2 and 57.4 per 100 patient-years). After adjusting for confounders, in each cancer group, ADR patients had higher incidence of healthcare resource utilization, generally driven by higher incidence of emergency room visits and incurred incremental total monthly healthcare costs that ranged between $2,284 and $3,210 across cancer groups. Limitations: There was no clinical measure of cancer staging and ADR severity in the database. Conclusions: Results suggest that patients with CRC, NSCLC, and HNC, who may benefit from EGFRI therapies, may also incur a substantial economic burden that is associated with dermatologic ADRs.
    Journal of Medical Economics 11/2012; 16(2). DOI:10.3111/13696998.2012.749789 · 1.58 Impact Factor
  • Cancer Research 06/2012; 72(8 Supplement):2506-2506. DOI:10.1158/1538-7445.AM2012-2506 · 9.33 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Prognosis remains poor after progression on first-line chemotherapy for colorectal adenocarcinoma, and inactivation of the EGFR pathway with monoclonal antibodies is an effective treatment strategy in selected patients with metastatic disease. Lapatinib is an oral EGFR and HER-2 dual tyrosine kinase inhibitor that has not shown significant activity in metastatic colorectal cancer. However, lapatinib may act synergistically with capecitabine in anticancer effects. This was an open-label, non-randomized phase II study of lapatinib 1,250 mg orally daily and capecitabine 2,000 mg/m(2) by mouth split into twice-daily dosing for 14 days of a 21 days cycle. Inclusion criteria included metastatic or locally advanced adenocarcinoma of the colon or rectum with progression by RECIST on or within six months of receiving a fluoridopyrimidine-, oxaliplatin- or irinotecan-containing regimen. Prior EGFR monoclonal antibody was permitted. K-ras testing was not routinely performed and was not a part of the study protocol. Twenty nine patients (16 M; 13 F) were enrolled in this study. There were no complete or partial responses. 41.4% of patients achieved stable disease as a best response. Median overall survival was 6.8 months, with a 1-year survival rate of 22%, and median progression-free survival was 2.1 months. The combination produced few grade 3 and no grade 4 toxicities. No grade 3 toxicity occurred in more than 10% of patients. Although capecitabine and lapatinib is well tolerated, it is not an effective regimen in patients with refractory colorectal adenocarcinoma.
    Journal of gastrointestinal oncology 06/2012; 3(2):90-6. DOI:10.3978/j.issn.2078-6891.2011.049

Publication Stats

1k Citations
376.24 Total Impact Points


  • 2015
    • AbbVie
      Либертивил, Illinois, United States
  • 2014
    • Harvard Medical School
      Boston, Massachusetts, United States
  • 2004–2013
    • University of Wisconsin–Madison
      • Department of Medicine
      Madison, Wisconsin, United States
  • 2001–2003
    • Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center
      • • Gastric and Mixed Tumor Service
      • • Department of Medicine
      New York, New York, United States