Shou-Tung Chen

Changhua Christian Hospital, Chang-hua Pei-pu, Taiwan, Taiwan

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Publications (66)216.26 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Breast cancer arising within a fibroadenoma (BcaFad) is rare; the rate varies from 0.002% to 0.125% in fibroadenoma specimens. Owing to its rarity, the clinicopathologic feature and treatment principle of BcaFad is still not clear. Therefore, the aim of this study was to perform a collective analysis of case reports in the literature to identify the characteristics and optimal treatment for BcaFad.
    World Journal of Surgical Oncology 11/2014; 12(1):335. · 1.09 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: GWAS have identified a breast cancer susceptibility locus on 2q35. Here we report the fine mapping of this locus using data from 101,943 subjects from 50 case-control studies. We genotype 276 SNPs using the 'iCOGS' genotyping array and impute genotypes for a further 1,284 using 1000 Genomes Project data. All but two, strongly correlated SNPs (rs4442975 G/T and rs6721996 G/A) are excluded as candidate causal variants at odds against >100:1. The best functional candidate, rs4442975, is associated with oestrogen receptor positive (ER+) disease with an odds ratio (OR) in Europeans of 0.85 (95% confidence interval=0.84-0.87; P=1.7 × 10(-43)) per t-allele. This SNP flanks a transcriptional enhancer that physically interacts with the promoter of IGFBP5 (encoding insulin-like growth factor-binding protein 5) and displays allele-specific gene expression, FOXA1 binding and chromatin looping. Evidence suggests that the g-allele confers increased breast cancer susceptibility through relative downregulation of IGFBP5, a gene with known roles in breast cell biology.
    Nat Commun. 09/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Background. Endoscopy-assisted breast surgery performed through minimal axillary and/or periareolar incisions is a viable option for patients with breast cancer. In this study, we report the preliminary results of patients with breast cancer who underwent endoscopy-assisted total mastectomy (EATM) followed immediately by pedicled transverse abdominis musculocutaneous (TRAM) flap reconstruction. Methods. Patients in this study comprised women with breast cancer who received EATM and pedicled TRAM flap reconstruction. Clinicopathologic characteristics, type of surgery, complications, and rate of recurrence were recorded. The cosmetic outcomes were evaluated objectively by the surgeons and subjectively by the patients at 3-month postoperative follow-up. Results. A total of 48 patients underwent 49 EATM procedures followed by pedicled TRAM flap reconstruction. Of them, 79.6% underwent endoscopic-assisted nipple-sparing mastectomy and 20.4% received endoscopic-assisted skin-sparing mastectomy. The types of cancer among these patients included ductal carcinoma in situ in 34.7%, stage I cancer in 36.7%, stage II cancer in 24.5%, and stage IIIa cancer in 4.1% patients. Mean tumor size was 2.1 ± 1.4 cm. There were no cases of flap failure. Partial nipple areolar complex ischemia/necrosis occurred in 4 (10.3%) patients; however, all cases resolved after conservative treatment. In the aesthetic outcome evaluation, EATM + TRAM were associated with 89.8% good, 8.2% fair, and 2% unsatisfactory result. No local recurrence was observed during the follow-up period. Conclusion. EATM followed immediately by pedicled TRAM flap reconstruction is a safe procedure and results in good cosmetic outcome in women with early-stage breast cancer.
    Surgical Innovation 08/2014; · 1.54 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Empirical studies of the relationship between posttraumatic growth (PTG) and adjustment outcomes reveal a fairly inconclusive picture. We argue that the inconsistent findings are likely due to the heterogeneity of the PTG experience over time. In this regard, we predicted that individuals with different PTG trajectories vary in the level of adjustment and the correlational patterns between PTG and adjustment. Participants were 124 Taiwanese women who underwent surgery for breast cancer. Measures of PTG and adjustment variables, including positive affect, negative affect, mental and physical quality of life, anxiety, and depression, were assessed at 1 day and 3, 6, and 12 months after surgery. A group-based trajectory model was used to identify subpopulations of individuals who shared homogenous growth patterns. Then, we determined whether the trajectory predicted adjustment at 12 months after surgery. The correlations between PTG and adjustment outcomes were computed in each subpopulation across every time point. The patients were categorized into the following four groups, which showed very different patterns of PTG change over the first year after breast cancer surgery: stable high (27.4%), high decreasing (39.4%), low increasing (16.9%), and low decreasing (16.9%). Differences in the level of adjustment at 12 months and the patterns of the correlations across time were found among these latent subgroups CONCLUSIONS: This study was the first longitudinal examination of PTG trajectories and their different levels of adjustment. The findings support our argument that identifying distinct PTG trajectories can better determine the nature of the relationship between PTG and adjustment. Copyright © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
    Psycho-Oncology 05/2014; · 3.51 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Multicentric fibroadenomas, defined as multiple fibroadenomas located at different quadrants of the breast, occur in 10-20% of women with fibroadenoma. The surgical management of multicentric fibroadenomas may be troublesome for surgeons and patients. In this study, we report our preliminary experience using the "round block technique" in the management of women with multicentric fibroadenomas of the breast. Records of patients with breast diseases managed with the round block technique were searched for in the Changhua Christian Hospital oncoplastic breast surgery database. The patients' clinicopathologic characteristics, type of surgery, operation time, blood loss, and complications were recorded. The cosmetic outcome was evaluated by the patient and operating surgeon two months after the surgery. Twenty patients with multicentric fibroadenomas managed by the round block technique comprised the current study cohort. The mean age of the subjects was 36.5 ± 10.4 years. Twelve (60%) patients had tumors on one side of the breast, and eight (40%) had bilateral breast lesions. The average number of tumors removed was 3.3 ± 1.2 (range 2-6) per breast, and mean tumor size was 2.2 ± 0.5 cm. Three (15%) patients developed mild ecchymosis of the breast undergoing operation, which resolved spontaneously. One (5%) patient had partial nipple ischemia/necrosis due to 2 tumors excised near the nipple-areolar complex. The aesthetic results were evaluated as good in 19 (95%) patients and fair in 1 (5%). The round block technique is a useful oncoplastic procedure for the management of multicentric fibroadenomas excised at the same time.
    The surgeon: journal of the Royal Colleges of Surgeons of Edinburgh and Ireland 04/2014; · 1.97 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Background Axillary lymph nodes (ALN) are the most commonly involved site of disease in breast cancer that has spread outside the primary lesion. Although sentinel node biopsy is a reliable way to manage ALN, there are still no good methods of predicting ALN status before surgery. Since morbidity in breast cancer surgery is predominantly related to ALN dissection, predictive models for lymph node involvement may provide a way to alert the surgeon in subgroups of patients. Material and Methods A total of 1325 invasive breast cancer patients were analyzed using tumor biological parameters that included age, tumor size, grade, estrogen receptor, progesterone receptor, lymphovascular invasion, and HER2, to test their ability to predict ALN involvement. A support vector machine (SVM) was used as a classification model. The SVM is a machine-learning system developed using statistical learning theories to classify data points into 2 classes. Notably, SVM models have been applied in bioinformatics. Results The SVM model correctly predicted ALN metastases in 74.7% of patients using tumor biological parameters. The predictive ability of luminal A, luminal B, triple negative, and HER2 subtypes using subgroup analysis showed no difference, and this predictive performance was inferior, with only 60% accuracy. Conclusions With an SVM model based on clinical pathologic parameters obtained in the primary tumor, it is possible to predict ALN status in order to alert the surgeon about breast cancer counseling and in decision-making for ALN management.
    Medical science monitor: international medical journal of experimental and clinical research 01/2014; 20:577-81. · 1.22 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose Multicentric fibroadenomas, defined as multiple fibroadenomas located at different quadrants of the breast, occur in 10–20% of women with fibroadenoma. The surgical management of multicentric fibroadenomas may be troublesome for surgeons and patients. In this study, we report our preliminary experience using the “round block technique” in the management of women with multicentric fibroadenomas of the breast. Materials and methods Records of patients with breast diseases managed with the round block technique were searched for in the Changhua Christian Hospital oncoplastic breast surgery database. The patients' clinicopathologic characteristics, type of surgery, operation time, blood loss, and complications were recorded. The cosmetic outcome was evaluated by the patient and operating surgeon two months after the surgery. Results Twenty patients with multicentric fibroadenomas managed by the round block technique comprised the current study cohort. The mean age of the subjects was 36.5 ± 10.4 years. Twelve (60%) patients had tumors on one side of the breast, and eight (40%) had bilateral breast lesions. The average number of tumors removed was 3.3 ± 1.2 (range 2–6) per breast, and mean tumor size was 2.2 ± 0.5 cm. Three (15%) patients developed mild ecchymosis of the breast undergoing operation, which resolved spontaneously. One (5%) patient had partial nipple ischemia/necrosis due to 2 tumors excised near the nipple–areolar complex. The aesthetic results were evaluated as good in 19 (95%) patients and fair in 1 (5%). Conclusions The round block technique is a useful oncoplastic procedure for the management of multicentric fibroadenomas excised at the same time.
    The Surgeon. 01/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Large population-based registry studies have shown that breast cancer prognosis is inherited. Here we analyse single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of genes implicated in human immunology and inflammation as candidates for prognostic markers of breast cancer survival involving 1,804 oestrogen receptor (ER)-negative patients treated with chemotherapy (279 events) from 14 European studies in a prior large-scale genotyping experiment, which is part of the Collaborative Oncological Gene-environment Study (COGS) initiative. We carry out replication using Asian COGS samples (n=522, 53 events) and the Prospective Study of Outcomes in Sporadic versus Hereditary breast cancer (POSH) study (n=315, 108 events). Rs4458204_A near CCL20 (2q36.3) is found to be associated with breast cancer-specific death at a genome-wide significant level (n=2,641, 440 events, combined allelic hazard ratio (HR)=1.81 (1.49-2.19); P for trend=1.90 × 10(-9)). Such survival-associated variants can represent ideal targets for tailored therapeutics, and may also enhance our current prognostic prediction capabilities.
    Nature Communications 01/2014; 5:4051. · 10.74 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Background: Our study aimed to assess the endometrial cancer risk after tamoxifen adjuvant treatment for female breast cancer patients in Taiwan. Materials and Methods: A total of 74,280 breast cancer patients between January 1997 and December 2004 were included in the study; 39,411 received tamoxifen treatment and 34,869 did not. Tamoxifen-associated endometrial cancer was defined as endometrial cancer that occurred in patients at least 6-month after the diagnosis of breast cancer, who underwent tamoxifen treatment. Results: A total of 222 patients developed endometrial cancer, and of these,153 (69 %) were seen in patients with tamoxifen treatment, and 69 (31%) were seen in patients without the use of tamoxifen. The incidence of endometrial cancer was 0.388% (153/39,411) in patients with tamoxifen treatment, while was 0.198% (69/34,869) in patients without tamoxifen treatment. Logistic regression analysis demonstrated that tamoxifen use and age over 35 years were significantly correlated with development of endometrial cancer (p<0.001 and p=0.002, respectively). The odds ratio was 2.94 (95%CI, 2.13-4.06) for 3 years or longer tamoxifen use. The odds ratio was 4.08 (95%CI, 1.67-9.93) for women older than 35 years compared to those 35 or younger than 35 years. There were no significant differences in prior hormone exposure, hypertension and diabetes. Conclusions: To the best of our knowledge, this is the largest population based study that shows in patients with breast cancer, tamoxifen use for more than three years or patients older than 35 years was associated with a significantly increased risk for developing endometrial cancer.
    Journal of Cancer. 01/2014; 5(2):151-5.
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    ABSTRACT: Background Tumor characteristics was sought to be related to axillary lymph node metastasis (ALNM), the paramount prognostic factor in patients with invasive breast cancer. This study was aimed to identify the ALNM-associated tumor characteristics and to determine the predictive clinical pathway. Material and Methods Data from 1325 patients diagnosed with invasive breast cancer between January 2004 and January 2010 were retrospectively reviewed. The structure equation model (SEM) was used to build the predictive clinical pathway. Results Among the factors found in the final model, the status of human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 is the primary influence on ALNM through histology grade (β=0.18), followed by tumor size (β=0.16). Tumor size was highly relevant to lymphovascular invasion (LVI) and influenced ALNM through LVI (β=0.26), the strongest predictor of ALNM in the final model (β=0.46) and the highest risk of ALNM (odds ratio=9.282; 95% confidence interval: 7.218-11.936). Conclusions The structure equation model presented the relation of these important predictors, and might help physicians to assess axillary nodal condition and appropriate surgical procedures.
    Medical science monitor: international medical journal of experimental and clinical research 01/2014; 20:1155-61. · 1.22 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Metaplastic carcinoma of the breast (MCB) is a rare histological subtype of breast cancer with an incidence of less than 0.1%-0.5%. Due to its rarity, the clinical characteristics and prognostic significance of MCB compared with other common breast cancers (like infiltrating ductal carcinoma [IDC], and infiltrating lobular carcinoma [ILC]) are not clear, and controversial among different reports. We performed a collective comparison study of multi-institutional cases to evaluate the clinical characteristics and prognostic status of MCB to compare with IDC and ILC. A case control analysis was performed to minimize the bias from clinicopathologic factors between IDC and MCB. Disease free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS) between groups were compared. Forty-five MCB patients were enrolled from the 4 medical centers and compared with 1777 IDC and 53 ILC patients from the CCH cancer registry database comprise the current study. Compared with IDC, MCB was associated with older age, larger tumor size, a lesser lymph node positive rate, a higher likelihood of distant metastasis, higher tumor grade, lower ER-positive tumor, and higher triple negative breast cancer subtype (TNBC). MCB was associated with worse OS (p = 0.031) than IDC, but no difference in DFS (p = 0.071); however, MCB was not statistically different from ILC in both DFS and OS (p = 0.289 and 0.132, respectively). Compared with the case-controlled IDC group, MCB patients had poorer OS (p = 0.040), but no difference in DFS (p = 0.439). MCB is associated with poorer OS than IDC, and this was related to tumor behavior rather than clinicopathologic factors.
    Breast (Edinburgh, Scotland) 06/2013; · 2.09 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Pure mucinous carcinoma (MC) is found in about 3.5% of all newly diagnosed breast cancer patients in Taiwan. MC is a relatively rare malignancy of breast cancer, and its nature, behaviors, treatment pattern and long-term follow-up are not well understood. The study aimed to investigate the incidence rate, treatment patterns, and prognostic factors of MC of the breast and the clinical long-term outcomes compared with infiltrating ductal carcinoma not otherwise specified (IDC) in the middle and south Taiwanese women. METHODS: Data from 93 patients with breast MC were retrospectively reviewed and the clinicopathologic characteristics and survival status were compared with those of 2,674 patients with IDC. RESULTS: The expression of hormonal receptor was higher in MC than those in IDC (P <0.001). MC also demonstrated lower Her2/neu gene over-expression (P = 0.023), less axillary lymph node involvement (P <0.0001), lymphovascular invasion (P <0.0001) and higher 10-year overall survival rate (P = 0.042), when compared with those of IDC. CONCLUSION: Our data confirm the less aggressive behavior of MC compared to IDC. MC showed favorable clinicopathologic characteristics in tumor grade, hormone receptor status and lymph node involvement in the middle and south Taiwanese women.
    World Journal of Surgical Oncology 06/2013; 11(1):139. · 1.09 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Many genes responsible for the bioactivation of endogenous estrogen to reactive quinonoid metabolites, including cytochrome P450 (CYP) 1A1, 1A2, and 1B1, are well-known target genes of the aryl hydrocarbon receptor agonist 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD). METHODS: The purpose of this research was to investigate the roles of TCDD-mediated altered gene expression in the induction of aldehydic DNA lesions (ADLs) by 17β-estradiol (E2) in human MDA-MB-231 and MCF-7 breast cancer cells. RESULTS: We demonstrated that increases in the number of oxidant-mediated ADLs, including abasic sites and aldehydic base/sugar lesions, were detected in MDA-MB-231 cells exposed to E2. The DNA-damaging effects of E2 in MDA-MB-231 cells were prevented by pretreatment of cells with TCDD. In contrast, we did not observe statistically significant increases in the number of ADLs in MCF-7 cells exposed to E2. However, with TCDD pretreatment, an approximately twofold increase in the number of ADLs was detected in MCF-7 cells exposed to E2. CONCLUSIONS: TCDD pretreatment induces disparity in the disposition of E2 to reactive quinonoid metabolites and the subsequent formation of oxidative DNA lesions through alteration of CYP1A1 and CYP1B1 expression in human breast cancer cells.
    Breast Cancer 05/2013; · 1.33 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Core needle biopsy (CNB) was widely used in the diagnosis of ultrasound-detectable breast lesions. We aimed at assessing the diagnostic performance differences between 14- and 16-gauge ultrasound-guided core biopsies. This retrospective study enrolled patients receiving CNB from January 2001 to December 2007. The results of 14- and 16-gauge breast CNBs were compared with pathology reports of open surgical biopsy (OSB). A total of 1024 paired CNB and OSB results were obtained from 1732 CNB procedures in 1630 patients.Those CNB results reached 92.9% sensitivity, 99.7% specificity, 5.96% underestimation, and 94.8% accuracy rates. There was no difference in sensitivity (p = 0.17) or specificity (p = 0.38) between 14- and 16-gauge needles. However, better overall accuracy (p = 0.02), less underestimation (p < 0.001), and lower false-negative (p = 0.02) rates were found for the 14-gauge CNB. Regarding accuracy and underestimation rates, a 14-gauge needle is preferred to a 16-gauge one in ultrasound-guided biopsies.
    Asian Journal of Surgery 04/2013; 36(2):83-8. · 0.54 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Analysis of 4,405 variants in 89,050 European subjects from 41 case-control studies identified three independent association signals for estrogen-receptor-positive tumors at 11q13. The strongest signal maps to a transcriptional enhancer element in which the G allele of the best candidate causative variant rs554219 increases risk of breast cancer, reduces both binding of ELK4 transcription factor and luciferase activity in reporter assays, and may be associated with low cyclin D1 protein levels in tumors. Another candidate variant, rs78540526, lies in the same enhancer element. Risk association signal 2, rs75915166, creates a GATA3 binding site within a silencer element. Chromatin conformation studies demonstrate that these enhancer and silencer elements interact with each other and with their likely target gene, CCND1.
    The American Journal of Human Genetics 03/2013; · 11.20 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Menopausal hormone therapy (MHT) is associated with an elevated risk of breast cancer in postmenopausal women. To identify genetic loci that modify breast cancer risk related to MHT use in postmenopausal women, we conducted a two-stage genome-wide association study (GWAS) with replication. In stage I, we performed a case-only GWAS in 731 invasive breast cancer cases from the German case-control study Mammary Carcinoma Risk Factor Investigation (MARIE). The 1,200 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) showing the lowest P values for interaction with current MHT use (within 6 months prior to breast cancer diagnosis), were carried forward to stage II, involving pooled case-control analyses including additional MARIE subjects (1,375 cases, 1,974 controls) as well as 795 cases and 764 controls of a Swedish case-control study. A joint P value was calculated for a combined analysis of stages I and II. Replication of the most significant interaction of the combined stage I and II was performed using 5,795 cases and 5,390 controls from nine studies of the Breast Cancer Association Consortium (BCAC). The combined stage I and II yielded five SNPs on chromosomes 2, 7, and 18 with joint P values <6 × 10(-6) for effect modification of current MHT use. The most significant interaction was observed for rs6707272 (P = 3 × 10(-7)) on chromosome 2 but was not replicated in the BCAC studies (P = 0.21). The potentially modifying SNPs are in strong linkage disequilibrium with SNPs in TRIP12 and DNER on chromosome 2 and SETBP1 on chromosome 18, previously linked to carcinogenesis. However, none of the interaction effects reached genome-wide significance. The inability to replicate the top SNP × MHT interaction may be due to limited power of the replication phase. Our study, however, suggests that there are unlikely to be SNPs that interact strongly enough with MHT use to be clinically significant in European women.
    Breast Cancer Research and Treatment 02/2013; · 4.47 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: BCRL is the most common morbidity in women with breast cancer. We performed a retrospective analysis of 107 BCRL patients to identify the efficacy of CDP and the predictors of lymphedema severity and response to CDP. The patients received 12 sessions of CDP, the duration of lymphedema was 22.4 months, and 56% of BCRL occurred within 2 years after surgery. Lymphedema severity, baseline and post-CDP percentage of excess volume (PEV), was 27.7% and 14.9%. The baseline PEV was correlated with the duration of lymphedema. The CDP efficacy, percentage reduction of excess volume (PREV), was 50.5%, and was correlated with PEV, duration of lymphedema and age. Baseline lymphedema severity was the most important predictive factor for CDP efficacy. The breast cancer therapy characteristics did not affect PEV or PREV. This study showed the effectiveness of an intensive CDP interventions. The key to predicting successful lymphedema treatment is the baseline PEV.
    Breast (Edinburgh, Scotland) 01/2013; · 2.09 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The objectives of this investigation were to examine whether airborne particles induce DNA damaging and estrogen-disrupting effects and to explore the relationships between them. In this study, airborne particulate was collected at an urban, a suburban, and a rural site in central Taiwan. The organic solvent extracts of airborne particulate were examined in human MCF-7 and T47D-KBluc breast cancer cells. We observed significant increases in reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation in MCF-7 cells after treatment with the particulate extracts whereas aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) antagonist blocked the particulate-induced ROS generation in cells. Further, induction of CYP1A1 protein expression was confirmed by immunoblots in cells treated with airborne particles, suggesting the roles of AhR status in mediating the particulate-induced toxicity. In addition, we observed that at non-cytotoxic concentration (∼0.01 m(3) air equivalent), airborne particles induced decreases in intracellular NAD(P)H and NAD(+) in MCF-7 cells. These decreases were completely blocked by three types of poly(ADP-ribose)polymerase-1 (PARP-1) inhibitors. Moreover, we demonstrated increases in the number of DNA strand breaks in MCF-7 cells exposed to airborne particles as measured by the single-cell gel electrophoresis (Comet) assay. Overall, this evidence confirms that airborne particles induce decreases in intracellular NAD(P)H and NAD(+) through PARP-1 activation mediated by formation of DNA strand breaks. Furthermore, we confirmed that with series dilution airborne particles (∼10(-7)-10(-2) m(3) air equivalent) possess both estrogenic and anti-estrogenic activities as determined by the ERα-mediated reporter gene assay in human T47D-KBluc breast cancer cells. In conclusions, we confirmed that the DNA-damaging activity and estrogenicity of airborne particles varied considerably with concentration (air equivalent). Our findings add further support to the theme that ROS formation is a significant determinant factor in mediating the induction of oxidative DNA damage and repair in human breast cancer cells exposed to airborne particles and that oxidative stress and the subsequent induction of DNA damage may, in part, contribute to airborne particle-induced carcinogenesis.
    Journal of Environmental Science and Health Part A Toxic/Hazardous Substances & Environmental Engineering 01/2013; 48(2):173-81.
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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Cancer is one of the major health issues worldwide. An increasing number of cancer patients are offered treatment with surgery, chemotherapy and radiotherapy. Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) is one of the most common complementary therapies offered to cancer patients in Taiwan. We designed a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial to evaluate the efficacy of TCM in patients with cancer. METHODS: In this study, inclusion criteria are postoperative patients with histologically confirmed cancer within 3 years who are undergoing chemotherapy or radiotherapy, more than 18 years old, have given signed informed consent, have the ability to read Chinese, and the ability for oral intake.Exclusion criteria include being pregnant, breast feeding, having completed chemotherapy or radiotherapy, brain metastasis with Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status of two to four, delusion or hallucinations, acute infection, and have received medications under other clinical trials.The patients were separated into an intervention group (Shen-Mai-San, SMS) and a placebo group for four weeks using a randomized, double-blind procedure. The European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) Quality of Life questionnaire (QOL-C30) was used to evaluate the quality of life. General data, hemoglobin (Hb), hematocrit (Hct), glutamic-oxalacetic transaminase (GOT), glutamic-pyruvic transaminase (GPT), blood urea nitrogen (BUN), creatinine, carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA), TCM diagnosis data and heart rate variability (HRV) were also recorded. These data were collected at baseline, two weeks and four weeks after receiving medication. The patients were prescribed granules which contained therapeutic medicines or placebo. Paired-T test was used for statistical analysis. DISCUSSION: Shen-Mai-San is composed of processed Ginseng radis, Liriope spicata, and Schizandrae fructus. It was found to be effective for treating cancer-related fatigue and had anti-fatigue activity. In TCM theory, SMS has a synergistic effect for qi and yin deficiency and has the ability to prevent fatigue. The symptoms of qi and yin deficiency are similar to chemotherapy- or radiotherapy-induced side effects. In order to evaluate the efficacy of SMS on cancer treatment, we designed a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial.Trial registrationThis study is registered to Clinical Trails.gov NCT01580358.
    Trials 12/2012; 13(1):232. · 2.21 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: There is increasing evidence showing that hepatic resection is probably the best definitive treatment for unilateral hepatolithiasis. However, the role of hepatic resection for bilateral hepatolithiasis is rarely mentioned in the literature. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 197 patients who underwent hepatic resection for hepatolithiasis in Changhua Christian Hospital from December 1987 to December 2007. A total of 156 patients with unilateral hepatolithiasis were defined as the UNI group (control group), and 41 patients with bilateral hepatolithiasis were defined as the BI group (study group). The short- and long-term outcomes were measured. RESULTS: The BI group had longer operating time (200 min versus 173 min, P = 0.006), lower immediate stone clearance rate (56.1% versus 91.7%, P < 0.001), lower final stone clearance rate (75.6% versus 94.9%, P = 0.001), higher rate of stone recurrence (22.6% versus 6.1%, P = 0.009) and higher disease-related mortality (19.5% versus 5.1%, P = 0.006). Thirty patients with bilateral peripheral stones were indicated for bilateral hepatectomy, but only 20 (66.7%) of them actually underwent the proposed procedure. Of the patients who did not achieve immediate stone clearance, bilateral peripheral stones represented 88.9% (P = 0.044). Of the patients who had stone recurrence, patients less than 35 years old represented 42.9% (P = 0.007). CONCLUSION: Bilateral hepatolithiasis has worse outcomes than unilateral hepatolithiasis after being treated with hepatic resection. Regarding bilateral peripheral stones, there is often a discrepancy between the extent of stone-affected parenchyma and that of final liver resection, resulting in a lower immediate stone clearance rate. A higher stone recurrence rate was observed among younger population.
    ANZ Journal of Surgery 09/2012; · 1.50 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

1k Citations
216.26 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2002–2014
    • Changhua Christian Hospital
      Chang-hua Pei-pu, Taiwan, Taiwan
    • Taichung Hospital
      臺中市, Taiwan, Taiwan
  • 2013
    • National Yang Ming University
      T’ai-pei, Taipei, Taiwan
  • 2006–2011
    • Tri-Service General Hospital
      T’ai-pei, Taipei, Taiwan
  • 2007–2010
    • Kang-Ning Junior College of Medical Care and Management
      T’ai-pei, Taipei, Taiwan
  • 2009
    • Kaohsiung Medical University
      Kao-hsiung-shih, Kaohsiung, Taiwan
    • National Chung Hsing University
      • Department of Environmental Engineering
      Taichung, Taiwan, Taiwan
  • 2004–2007
    • Academia Sinica
      • Institute of Biomedical Sciences
      Taipei, Taipei, Taiwan
    • Taipei Medical University
      • Department of Internal Medicine
      Taipei, Taipei, Taiwan
  • 2005
    • National Defense Medical Center
      • Graduate Institute of Life Sciences
      Taipei, Taipei, Taiwan
    • National Dong Hwa University
      Hua-lien, Taiwan, Taiwan
  • 2004–2005
    • China Medical University Hospital
      臺中市, Taiwan, Taiwan