[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The primary objectives of this study were to analyse the outcome of patients diagnosed with head and neck soft tissue sarcomas (HNSTS) and to identify relevant prognostic factors. As well as this, we compared the prognostic value of two staging systems proposed by the American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) and the Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center (MSKCC).
From 07/1988 to 01/2008, the charts of 42 adult patients were retrospectively reviewed. Potential prognostic factors were analysed according to overall survival (OS), disease-free survival (DFS) and disease-specific survival (DSS).
At 5 years, OS was 57%, DFS 47% and DSS 72%. On univariate analysis, statistically significant prognostic factors were for OS, distant or lymph node metastasis at diagnosis (p=0.032), for DFS, margins after surgery (p=0.007), for DSS, regional or distant metastasis at diagnosis (p=0.002), initial AJCC and MSKCC stage (p=0.018 and p=0.048) and margins after surgery (p=0.042). On multivariate analysis, margins remained statistically significant for DFS (p=0.039) when there was a trend with the initial AJCC stage (p=0.054) for OS. The AJCC staging system was of more prognostic value than the MSKCC staging system.
Achieving clear margins after surgery is vital for improved local control and the best chance of survival. Adjuvant chemotherapy and radiotherapy were not shown to provide additional benefit. To better identify prognostic factors, it seems essential to set up national and international databases allowing multicenter registration for those patients.
European journal of surgical oncology: the journal of the European Society of Surgical Oncology and the British Association of Surgical Oncology 07/2010; 36(7):684-90. · 2.56 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Carotid blowout (CB) represents a dramatic end-of-life situation for palliative head and neck cancer patients, their relatives and caregivers. Recently, endovascular therapy has been proposed for head and neck surgical patients. Preliminary reports showed a better outcome with less morbidity compared to the previous treatment modalities. However, the specific use of such techniques for palliative head and neck cancer patients has not been previously described.
Retrospective review of two cases of head and neck cancer patients receiving palliative care, presenting with a CB, managed with endovascular stent placement.
Bleeding was effectively stopped by the procedure in both cases. Both patients developed a post-procedure thromboembolism, which was immediately treated by appropriate anticoagulation therapy. Neurological symptoms resolved within 24 hours allowing rapid hospital discharge. One patient died at home seven months later. The second patient is alive five months after the procedure. No recurrence of CB occurred in either patient.
Endovascular stent placement for CB allows a rapid arrest of bleeding and permits the use of anticoagulation therapy in order to avoid long-term neurological injury. In our view, carotid stenting should be considered as valid supportive care for palliative head and neck patients presenting with a CB.
Palliative Medicine 08/2005; 19(5):427-9. · 2.61 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: This study was initiated to evaluate the efficacy of luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone (LH-RH) agonists in protecting premenopausal patients against the adverse gynaecological effects induced by tamoxifen. Between January 1998 and January 2000, 85 premenopausal breast cancer patients were included in this prospective study. All were to receive LH-RH agonists and tamoxifen for a minimum of two years. All patients underwent a pretreatment gynaecological evaluation and annual follow-up. Bone density was also measured at the start of treatment and then after 2, 3 and 4 years. Pretreatment evaluation revealed 2 polyps. At one and two years of follow-up, no abnormal symptoms were noted and echographic findings were normal. At three years of follow-up, a polyp associated with adnexal masses was discovered. Histology revealed ovarian and endometrial metastases of infiltrating lobular breast carcinoma. Bone density evaluation after 2, 3 and 4 years of treatment showed no significant bone loss. LH-RH agonists offer safe protection against the gynaecological side-effects of tamoxifen in premenopausal breast cancer patients.
European Journal of Cancer 09/2004; 40(12):1855-61. · 5.06 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Fifty-four newly diagnosed patients with advanced Hodgkin's disease were randomized between two alternating non cross-resistant chemotherapies: MOPP-ABVD (MOPP: Mustine, Vincristine, Procarbazine, Prednisone-ABVD: Adriamycin, Bleomycin, Vinblastine, Dacarbazine) and MOPP-ABVD-CEM (CEM: Carmustine, Etoposide, methyl-GAG). There were no significant differences between the two therapies as far as complete remission, survival, relapse free survival and toxicity were concerned. This study does not support the use of MOPP-ABVD-CEM for improving the long-term outcome of patients with advanced Hodgkin's disease.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A multi-center, open trial was conducted to determine the maximal tolerable dose of carboplatin in combination with conventional doses of both etoposide and an anthracycline for the treatment of previously untreated small cell lung cancer (SCLC) patients. Ninety-five patients [48 with limited disease (LD) and 47 with extensive disease (ED)] received a total of 376 courses of treatment. Carboplatin was given on day 1 at a dose of 250 mg m-2 in 60 courses, 300 mg m-2 in 69, 330 mg m-2 in 236 and 350 mg m-2 in 11, with 120 mg m-2 etoposide on days 1, 3 and 5 and either 40 mg m-2 adriamycin or 60 mg m-2 epirubicin on day 1. Epirubicin was not administered before carboplatin reached the dose of 330 mg m-2. Courses were repeated every 3 weeks. The main toxicity was hematological. The first course of therapy induced a dose-dependent decrease of leucocyte, neutrophil and platelet counts: all patients, except one, who received 350 mg m-2 carboplatin had a neutropenia below 200 microliters-1 and a thrombopenia below 100,000 microliters-1. Three patients died of septicemia. Other toxicities were well tolerated. After three courses, patients were re-staged by performing a mandatory fiberoptic bronchoscopy and a thoracic computed axial tomography (CAT). The overall objective response rate for 86 evaluable patients was 91% (98% for LD) with 21% complete remissions (30% for LD). All 23 hepatic and six brain sites, evaluable after chemotherapy alone, responded.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
Medical Oncology 02/1989; 6(3):207-12. · 2.14 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A multicentric randomized prospective trial was conducted to test whether late intensification chemotherapy would increase the remission rate, the relapse-free survival, and the survival of small-cell lung cancer patients responding to induction chemotherapy. Autologous bone marrow transplantation was used as support to reduce the duration of the aplasia induced by very high-dose chemotherapy. As induction chemotherapy, 101 patients received, during a period of 5 months, a total dosage of 120 mg/m2 methotrexate, 4.5 mg/m2 vincristine, 1,800 mg/m2 cyclophosphamide, 180 mg/m2 doxorubicin, 160 mg/m2 cisplatin, 750 mg/m2 VP-16-213, and 30 Gy prophylactic cranial irradiation. Forty-five patients, selected for their sensitivity to this induction treatment, were randomized to a last cycle of chemotherapy that combined cyclophosphamide, BCNU, and VP-16-213 either at a conventional dosage of 750 mg/m2 intravenously (IV), 60 mg/m2 IV, and 600 mg/m2 orally or alternatively at a very high dosage of 6 g/m2 IV, 300 mg/m2 IV, and 500 mg/m2 IV, respectively. In the late intensification group, the complete remission rate increased from 39% before randomization to 79% after high-dose chemotherapy. Median relapse-free survivals after randomization for intensified and control chemotherapy groups were 28 and 10 weeks, respectively (P = .002). Median overall survival after induction therapy was 68 weeks for the intensified group compared with 55 weeks for the conventional therapy group (P = .13). Four patients died during intensification. Patients in both groups relapsed at the primary site. It can thus be concluded that late intensification chemotherapy for sensitive small-cell lung cancer increases the complete remission rate and resulted in a statistically significant increase in the relapse-free survival. However, since relapse occurred at the primary site and toxicity was high, overall survival was not significantly improved.
Journal of Clinical Oncology 01/1988; 5(12):1864-73. · 18.04 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We report the case of a woman with a metastatic breast cancer, who started a third-line treatment with dasatinib, a new oral tyrosine kinase inhibitor, and who developed, one week later, a progressive breathless sensation. Workup demonstrated pleuropericardial effusion that turned out to be a side effect of this new investigational drug. Although this dasatinib-induced side effect is well known, this case clearly illustrates the importance of an accurate diagnosis and adequate treatment of complications of new agents which are easy to use since most of them are orally taken, and the difficulty to clearly separate drug origin and cancer morbidities. The patient recovered completely one month after discontinuation of dasatinib. In this report, we will review the differential diagnosis and management of pleuropericardial effusion.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The majority of human epithelial cancers is frequently characterized by a functional activation of the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR)-driven-pathways. Today, two classes of EGFR inhibitors are routinely used in the clinic: anti-EGFR monoclonal antibodies such as cetuximab and panitumumab and small-molecule inhibitors of the EGFR tyrosine kinase activity such as erlotinib and gefitinib. Anti-EGFR therapies have been approved in several countries for the treatment of metastatic nonsmall-cell lung cancer, colorectal cancer, squamous-cell carcinoma of the head and neck, and pancreatic cancer. This article summarizes the clinical evidence of the anticancer activity of anti-EGFR treatment, and considers the current, and controversial, clinical issues with respect to their optimal use in the treatment of patients with cancer. Mechanisms of resistance to anti-EGFR treatment are also briefly discussed.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Haemangiopericytoma is a rare tumor of vascular origin. We report the case of patient with severe refractory anaemia due to peripheral destruction of red blood cells by spleen metastases. Anaemia was successfully treated by splenectomy. Afterwards, our patient developed liver and lung metastases and was treated, in a clinical trial, with gefitinib that stabilised the disease during nine years. These interesting features are discussed.