Takuya Kitamura

Fukushima Medical University, Hukusima, Fukushima, Japan

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Publications (5)14.93 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA), a chronic and systemic disease of unknown etiology, is characterized by hyperplasia of synovial cells, which ultimately lead to the destruction of cartilage and bone. To elucidate the molecular mechanisms that lead to RA, we analyzed synovial cells established from patients with RA by oligonucleotide microarrays. Gene expression profiles clearly suggested that oxidative stress is enhanced in RA synovial cells, which was confirmed by measuring cellular levels of reactive oxygen species. One of the highly up-regulated proteins in RA synovial cells was thioredoxin reductase 1 (TRXR1), a protein that plays an important role in antioxidant defense system. Subsequent analysis demonstrated that TRXR1 suppresses hydrogen peroxide and inhibits apoptosis of RA synovial cells. Thus, our results reveal a novel pathophysiologic function of RA synovial cells as a generator of oxidative stress, and a self-defense mechanism against self-generated oxidative stress.
    Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 04/2008; 367(2):491-6. DOI:10.1016/j.bbrc.2007.12.178 · 2.28 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Although the etiology of early events in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) remains undefined, an anomaly in T cell homeostasis and hyperproliferation of synovial-lining cells are involved in the disease process. Since it has been reported that the ephrin/Eph receptor system plays important signaling roles in inflammation processes, we attempted to examine ephrinB molecules in T cells and synovial cells derived from RA in this study. The expression level of ephrinB1 was significantly high in synovial fibroblasts and CD3-positive exudate lymphocytes in synovial tissues derived from patients with RA compared with those in osteoarthritis (OA). Protein and mRNA levels of ephrinB1 were also higher in peripheral blood lymphocytes (PBLs) prepared from patients with RA than those from normal controls. Similar results were obtained from an animal model of human RA, collagen antibody-induced arthritis mice. Moreover, a recombinant ephrinB1/Fc fusion protein stimulated normal PBLs to exhibit enhanced migration and production of TNF-alpha. EphrinB1/Fc also activated synovial cells established from patients with RA to produce IL-6. Tyrosine phosphorylation of EphB1 was induced in these cells by ephrinB1/Fc. The CpG islands in the 5' upstream regulatory region of the ephrinB1 gene were hypomethylated in RA patients compared with those of normal donors. These results suggest that ephrinB1 and EphB1 receptors play an important role in the inflammatory states of RA, especially by affecting the population and function of T cells. Inhibition of the ephrinB/EphB system might be a novel target for the treatment of RA.
    AJP Cell Physiology 02/2008; 294(1):C189-96. DOI:10.1152/ajpcell.00314.2007 · 3.67 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF), a chronic progressive lung disease of unknown etiology, is characterized by the expansion of myofibroblasts and abnormal deposition of extracellular matrix in the lung parenchyma. To elucidate the molecular mechanisms that lead to IPF, we analyzed myofibroblasts established from patients with IPF by oligonucleotide microarrays. Gene expression profiles clearly suggested that lipid peroxidation is enhanced in myofibroblasts, which was confirmed by measuring cellular lipid hydroperoxides. One of the most highly up-regulated proteins in myofibroblasts was selenoprotein P, an antioxidant protein not previously associated with IPF. Subsequent analysis demonstrated that selenoprotein P reduces lipid hydroperoxides and maintains the viability of myofibroblasts. Thus, our results reveal a novel pathophysiologic function of myofibroblasts as a generator of lipid hydroperoxides, and a self-defense mechanism against self-generated oxidative stress.
    Genes to Cells 12/2007; 12(11):1235-44. DOI:10.1111/j.1365-2443.2007.01127.x · 2.86 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We investigated involvement of EphB/ephrinB system in neuropathic pain. Using immunoblotting, immunohistochemistry, and RNA interference techniques, we examined the expression levels of EphB receptors and ephrinB ligands in neuropathic pain. We also explored the effect of ephrinB siRNA for neuropathic pain. It has been reported that EphB2 regulates the development of synaptic plasticity in the hippocampus by interacting with N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptors. In acute pain models, it has been clear that EphB1/ephrinB2 interactions via the NMDA receptor modulates synaptic efficacy in spinal cord. Adult female Sprague-Dawley rats were used in this study. A crush injury model was prepared by crushing the left L5 spinal nerve distal to dorsal root ganglions (DRG) under deep anesthesia. The sham operation was subjected as control. Expression of ephrinB2 and EphB1 were examined by immunoblotting and immunohistochemical analyses with anti-EphB and anti-ephrinB antibodies. To assess involvement of ephrinB in neuropathic pain, we examined the effect of small interference RNA (siRNA) on mechanical allodynia. Among EphB and ephrinB isoforms tested, ephrinB2 and EphB1 were predominant in DRG and spinal cord. Results showed that the expression of ephrinB2 was enhanced in neurons in DRG and spinal cord by the injury in a time-dependent manner. EphB1 was expressed in neurons of spinal cord. Administration of ephrinB2 siRNA reduced the expression of ephrinB2 and mechanical allodynia. Expression of ephrinB2 is enhanced by nerve injury in neurons in DRG and spinal cord, while its receptor EphB1 is expressed in spinal cord. These results suggest that induction of ephrinB2 might activate EphB1/ephrinB2 signaling pathway to regulate synaptic plasticity and reorganization, and that ephrinB2 siRNA could be a potential therapeutic agent for neuropathic pain.
    Spine 08/2007; 32(15):1592-8. DOI:10.1097/BRS.0b013e318074d46a · 2.45 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Hyperplasia of synovial lining cells is one of the main features of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). We previously reported that ERBB2 is highly expressed in RA synovial cells and that it plays an important role in their hyperproliferative growth. Recent findings have suggested that poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase-1 (PARP-1) is involved in the transactivation of NF-kappaB-dependent genes such as ERBB2. In the present study, we investigated the role of PARP-1 in ERBB2 transcription in RA synovial cells. The expression level of PARP-1 was significantly high in synovial cells derived from three patients with RA, compared with three patients with osteoarthritis (OA). Luciferase assays revealed that PARP-1 augments the transcription of the ERBB2 gene and that a region between -404 and -368 is responsible for this activation. A protein with an apparent molecular mass of 115 kDa was isolated mainly from nuclear extracts of RA synovial cells with an affinity matrix harboring a DNA fragment identical to the above region. Mass spectrometric analysis demonstrated this protein to be PARP-1. Southwestern blot analysis showed that PARP-1 binds to this region, but not to adjacent regions. PARP-1 associates directly with NF-kappaB, and a chromatin immunoprecipitation assay indicated that these proteins interact with this enhancer region in the ERBB2 gene. Treatment of RA synovial cells with PARP-1 small interfering RNA attenuated their ERBB2 expression, while an inhibitor of the polymerase activity of PARP-1 had no effect. PARP-1 DNA binding is not required for transcriptional activation. These findings suggest that PARP-1 is involved in the expression of ERBB2 in concert with NF-kappaB, which might be associated with the proliferation of RA synovial cells.
    AJP Cell Physiology 08/2005; 289(1):C82-8. DOI:10.1152/ajpcell.00486.2004 · 3.67 Impact Factor