Liang-Ping Xia

Sun Yat-Sen University Cancer Center, Shengcheng, Guangdong, China

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Publications (31)29.54 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: We aimed to determine the prognostic values of 39 circulating cytokines in Chinese patients with metastatic colorectal cancer (CRC) and to develop a novel cytokine-based prognostic classifier (CBPC) for prognostic prediction. A total of 176 patients were divided into two cohorts based on the date of first-line chemotherapy. The first 99 cases were assigned to the training cohort, and the remaining 77 cases were assigned to the validation cohort. Thirty-nine cytokines were simultaneously analyzed in the patient serum samples using multiplex bead-based Luminex technology. We used support vector machine (SVM)-based methods and Cox proportional hazards models to develop a CBPC from the training cohort, which we then validated using the second patient cohort. Univariate analysis showed that FGF-2, TGFα, Flt-3L, GM-CSF, INFα2, GRO, IL-10, MCP-3, MDC, sIL-2Rα, IL-2, IL-7, IL-8, MCP-1, MIP-1β, TNFα, and VEGF were significant risk factors affecting the overall survival (OS) of both the training cohort and the validation cohort. We developed a CBPC to predict the OS of metastatic CRC patients using these 17 cytokines (sensitivity, 0.835; specificity, 0.800). In the validation cohort, the CBPC was found to have significant power in predicting the OS of metastatic CRC patients. Our study showed that there were significant associations between cytokine expression and prognosis of the patients with metastatic CRC. The CBPC that we developed includes multiple circulating cytokines and may serve as a novel screening tool for identifying metastatic CRC patients with a high risk of short OS. These high-risk individuals may also be suitable for cytokine-targeted therapies. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
    International journal of cancer. Journal international du cancer. 06/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Objective: To compare the efficacy of taxane-based regimens in the first line setting retrospectively in Chinese patients with recurrent and/or metastatic esophageal cancer. Methods: We analyzed 102 recurrent and/or metastatic esophageal cancer patients who received taxanes-based regimens in a first-line setting from January 2009 to December 2013. Sixteen (15.7%) patients were administered Nab-PTX based chemotherapy and 86 patients (84.3%) received paclitaxel (PTX) or docetaxel (DTX) based chemotherapy. Patients in the PTX/DTX group could be further divided into TP (71 patients) and TPF (15 patients) groups. Results: The objective response rate (ORR) of all patients was 20.6%, and the disease control rate (DCR) was 67.6%. The median overall survival (OS) was 10.5 months (95% CI 10.1-16.4) and the median progression-free survival (PFS) was 6.04 months (95% CI 5.09-7.91). The DCR was higher in the TPF group than the TP group (93.3% vs. 59.1%; p = 0.015 ). There were no significant differences in ORR, OS, and PFS among Nab-PTX, TPF and TP groups. Conclusions: The three regimens of Nab-PTX based, TP and TPF proved active in a first line setting of Chinese patients with recurrent and/or metastatic esophageal cancer, and should thus be regarded as alternative treatments.
    Asian Pacific journal of cancer prevention: APJCP 01/2014; 15(13):5493-8. · 1.27 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: AIM: Biomarkers have been utilized for prognosis in colorectal cancer, relatively few have been identified. We compared the prognostic value of serum alkaline phosphatase (ALP), lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), and γ-glutamyl transpeptidase (GGT) with carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) and carbohydrate entigen 19-9 (CA 19-9) in patients with metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC). METHOD: Blood samples were collected from 239 patients with mCRC presenting between 2005 and 2010 in the Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center. RESULTS: CEA (p<0.001), CA19-9 (p<0.001), GGT (p<0.001), ALP (p<0.001) and LDH (p=0.001) were statistically significant prognostic factors of overall survival (OS). CEA (p=0.002) and GGT (p=0.021) were validated as independent predictors. On univariate analysis CEA (p=0.003), CA19-9 (p=0.006), GGT (p<0.001) and ALP (p=0.001) were statistically significant predictive factors of progression free survival (PFS) in patients having first-line chemotherapy. CEA (p=0.011) and GGT (p=0.027) were independent. GGT (p=0.001), ALP (p=0.016) and LDH (p=0.039) levels were correlated with the tumour response rate assessed by computerized tomography (CT), while CEA (p=0.724) and CA19-9 (p=0.822) were not. There was a statistically significant difference in OS (p<0.001) and PFS (p<0.001) among patients who had elevations of both CEA and GGT compared with those having only one or neither elevated. CONCLUSION: Among GGT, LDH, and ALP, only GGT plays an independent role with CEA in predicting OS and PFS in mCRC. When coupled with CEA, GGT may lead to improved prognostic predictors. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
    Colorectal Disease 04/2013; · 2.08 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The standard therapy after failure of the initial non-first line epidermal growth factor receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitor (EGFR-TKI) treatment in advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) has not yet been established. The aim of the current study was to identify whether the 2(nd) TKI treatment or chemotherapy (paclitaxel-containing or non-paclitaxel regimen) is the appropriate treatment for patients with NSCLC based on the efficacy of the initial TKIs. Seventy-two advanced NSCLC patients who had accepted 2(nd) TKIs or chemotherapy immediately after failure of the initial TKIs in non-first line setting from May 1, 2004 to January 31, 2010 at the Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center were enrolled. The primary endpoint [2(nd) progression-free survival (PFS)] and the second endpoint [overall survival (OS)] were compared among the 2(nd) TKI and chemotherapy groups as well as their subgroups. (1) Twenty-one patients were treated with 2(nd) TKIs, and 51 patients were administered chemotherapy after failure of the initial non-first line TKI treatment. There was nonsignificant difference in the responses (P=0.900) [2(nd) PFS (P=0.833) and OS (P=0.369)] between the 2(nd) TKI and chemotherapy groups. (2) In the 2(nd) TKI group, 9 patients exhibited PFS≥7 months. The initial TKI treatment group exhibited a longer 2(nd) PFS than the other 12 patients with an initial PFS<7 months (7 months vs. 2 months, P=0.019). However, these groups had nonsignificantly different OS (P=0.369). (3) In the chemotherapy group, patients with PFS<5 months exhibited longer 2(nd) PFS than those with PFS ≥ 5 months in the initial TKI treatment (3 months vs. 2 months, P=0.039). (4) In the chemotherapy group, patients treated with paclitaxel-containing regimen showed longer 2(nd) PFS than those treated with non-paclitaxel regimen (5 months vs. 2.3 months, P=0.043). Patients with PFS≥7 months or <5 months under the initial TKI treatment potentially benefit from the 2(nd) TKI treatment or chemotherapy immediately after failure of the non-first line TKIs. The paclitaxel-containing regimen may improve the 2(nd) PFS. However, more patient samples are urgently needed to validate these findings.
    Cancer biology & medicine. 03/2012; 9(1):38-43.
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    ABSTRACT: Elevated activity of the eukaryotic translation initiation factor 4E (eIF4E) plays crucial roles in tumorigenesis and disease progression by disproportionately increasing translation of mRNAs coding proteins that play significant roles in all aspects of malignancy, providing that eIF4E as an attractive target for therapeutic intervention. In this study, we showed that inhibition of eIF4E by small interfering RNAs (siRNA) resulted in cell cycle arrest and suppression of colony formation in MDA-MB-231 triple-negative (TN) breast cancer cells. Migration transwell assay revealed that repression of eIF4E effectively inhibited motility of MDA-MB-231 cancer cells. Importantly, we showed that silencing of eIF4E sensitized MDA-MB-231 cells to chemotherapeutic drugs of cisplatin, adriamycin, paclitaxel and docetaxel as assessed by MTT assay. Moreover, Western blot assay showed that eIF4E siRNA increased Bax/Bcl-2 ratio in MDA-MB-231 cells. Taken together, we showed that knockdown of eIF4E suppressed cell growth and migration, enhanced chemosensitivity, suggesting a potential therapeutic target in TN breast carcinoma.
    Medical Oncology 12/2011; 28(4):1302-7. · 2.14 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate the utility of Beclin-1 and LC3, two autophagy-related proteins, in predicting the cetuximab efficacy in advanced colorectal cancer (ACRC). The data of 85 patients with ACRC treated at the Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center from March 1, 2005 to December 31, 2008 were studied, including 45 cases treated with cetuximab-containing chemotherapy and 40 cases treated with non-cetuximab-containing chemotherapy. Beclin-1 and LC3 expression was evaluated by immunohistochemistry, and KRAS status was evaluated by polymerase chain reaction. Beclin-1 and LC3 expression in ACRC was significantly correlated (r = 0.44, P < 0.01); however, LC3 was more highly expressed in cancerous tissues than in normal tissues (Z = -2.63, P < 0.01). In the cetuximab-containing chemotherapy group, patients with low LC3 expression had higher objective response rates (ORRs) than those with high LC3 expression (52.9% vs 17.9%, P = 0.01), and patients with low Beclin-1 expression had a longer median progression-free survival (PFS) than their counterparts with higher Beclin-1 expression (9.0 mo vs 3.0 mo, P = 0.01). However, neither of these predictive relationships was detected in the group treated with non-cetuximab-containing chemotherapy. Patients with wild-type KRAS had higher ORRs (42.3% vs 9.1%, P = 0.049) and disease control rates (DCRs) (73.1% vs 36.4%, P = 0.035), and longer median PFS (5.5 mo vs 2.5 mo, P = 0.02) than those with mutant KRAS in the cetuximab-containing chemotherapy group. Neither Beclin-1 (P = 0.52) nor LC3 (P = 0.32) expression was significantly correlated with KRAS status. Patients with low Beclin-1 expression had a longer PFS than those with high Beclin-1 expression, and patients with low LC3 expression had a higher ORR in ACRC patients treated with cetuximab-containing chemotherapy.
    World Journal of Gastroenterology 11/2011; 17(43):4779-86. · 2.55 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The changes in therapeutic strategies were determined and the efficacy of radical mastectomy (RM) and modified radical mastectomy (MRM) on Chinese male breast cancer (MBC) patients was compared. Seventy MBC patients, with a median age of 61 years, were enrolled. The characteristics of MBC were compared in cohort A (1969-1997) and cohort B (1998-2009), and the prognosis was compared between the RM and MRM groups. Infiltrating ductal carcinoma accounted for 81.4% of all cases; 93.7% were estrogen receptor (ER)/progesterone receptor (PR)-positive. More patients in cohort B accepted multidisciplinary treatment, MRM, adjuvant chemotherapy, and endocrine therapy than those in cohort A; however, the 5-year overall survival rates were similar in the two cohorts. The overall survival curves, locoregional recurrence rates, and systematic metastatic rates were similar in the RM and MRM groups. Currently, more MBC patients receive conservative surgery; MRM may be equally effective as RM for MBC.
    Breast (Edinburgh, Scotland) 12/2010; 19(6):450-5. · 2.09 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Either cetuximab or bevacizumab can improve the survival of patients with metastastic colorectal cancer (mCRC) if administered combided with cytotoxic agents. However, the effect of two or more target agents in combination is uncertain in these patients. Here, we reported a patient with mCRC successfully treated by a combination of target agents after the failure of chemotherapy. The patient received palliative resection of primary tumor followed by 9 cycles of postoperative XELOX regimen, cytokine-induced killer cell (CIK)-based biotherapy, traditional Chinese medicine, particle implantation in the lung metastatic lesions. The tumor progressed 20 months after the standard treatments. Then, the regimen cetuximab, bevacizumab and cefitinib was applied. During the treatment with targeted agents, grade IV acne-like rash and relatively severe parionychia of the toes occurred. Both of them recovered smoothly. The PET-CT reexamination at 40 days after the target treatment showed that the metabolism of mediastinal lymph nodes basically recovered to a normal level. The combination of multiple targeted agents obtained a progression-free survival(PFS) of 11 months and the patient with a good quality of life during this period.
    Chinese journal of cancer 12/2010; 29(12):1023-8.
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    ABSTRACT: To summarize our experiences with the treatment of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) with cetuximab and compare the therapeutic effects of cetuximab applied in the first line and non-first line settings. From October 1, 2006 to December 31, 2009, 16 NSCLC patients were treated with cetuximab combined with standard chemotherapy in Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center. The short-term efficacy of the therapeutic protocols were analyzed. A total of 115 cycles of cetuximab treatment were administered in these patients with a median of 6 cycles (7.5 in the first line setting and 2 in non-first line setting). In the 10 patients with cetuximab treatment in the first line setting, the ORR was 40.0% (4/10), DCR was 80.0% (8/10), median TTP was 6.5 months (2-19), and median OS was 8.5 months (2-48); in the non-first line setting, these indices were 33.3% (2/6), 33.3% (2/6), 3.5 months (3-4) and 18 months (4-28), respectively. Both ORR and DCR were similar between the first and non-first line settings (P=0.790, P=0.062). Ten of the patients (62.5%) developed acne-like rash within 3 weeks, who had an ORR of 60% (6/10) and DCR of 90% (9/10); the ORR and DCR in patients without acne-like rash were both 10.4% (1/6), showing no significant difference in ORR (P=0.080) but a significant difference in DCR between the two groups (P=0.003). No treatment-associated death or cetuximab-associated discontinuation occurred. Altogether 11 patients (68.8%) developed acne-like rash, which occurred within 3 weeks in 10 cases. Seven patients showed side effects associated with the chemotherapy. Cetuximab combined with standard chemotherapy is a good option for Chinese patients with NSCLC and the current data support the application of cetuximab in the first line setting.
    Nan fang yi ke da xue xue bao = Journal of Southern Medical University 11/2010; 30(11):2423-6.
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    ABSTRACT: Cetuximab combined with chemotherapy has been used to treat Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) in recent years, however, the data from China was rare. This study was to summarize our experiences in treating NSCLC patients with cetuximab in the first line setting. From October 1st 2006 to Jun 30th 2010, twelve NSCLC patients were treated with cetuximab combined standard chemotherapy as first line setting in Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center entered the study and the short-term efficacy and safety were analyzed. A total of 132 cycles of cetuximab treatment, with a median of nine cycles in the whole group were administered. The ORR was 41.7% (5/12), DCR was 83.3% (10/12), median TTP was 5.5 months (2-23), and median OS was 9 months (2-48) in the whole group. There were 75% (9/12) patients occurred acne-like rash within first 3 weeks, their ORR was 55.6% (5/9), DCR was 100% (9/9), however, ORR and DCR in patients who didn't occurred acne-like rash within first 3 weeks were 0 and 33.3% (1/3), the difference ORR between two group was insignificant (P = 0.091), however, DCR was significant different (P = 0.007). There no treatment-associated death and no cetuximab-associated discontinuation. The incidence of acne-like rash was 83.3% (10/12) and 75% (9/12) occurred within first 3 weeks, there were eight patients suffered side effects associated with chemotherapy. So we can draw a conclusion that the short-term outcome of cetuximab application in first line setting for patients with NSCLC were promising since the higher ORR and DCR, especially those occurred acne-like rash within the first 3 weeks, and the addition of cetuximab in this population was safe.
    Medical Oncology 10/2010; 28 Suppl 1:S570-6. · 2.14 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To study the efficacy and safety of cetuximab combined with chemotherapy for patients with advanced colorectal cancer (ACRC) and unclear K-ras status. Clinical data of 102 ACRC patients, treated by cetuximab combined with chemotherapy in Sun Yat-sen Cancer Center from March 2005 to December 2008, were collected. The cumulative survival rate, objective response rate (ORR), disease control rate (DCR), progression free survival (PFS) of the cases were calculated. The difference in ORR, DCR, PFS and oval survival (OS) between the regimens used as first-line and non-first-line treatment, and between the regimens including oxaliplatin and irinotecan were compared. The overall ORR of cetuximab plus chemotherapy was 43.1%, DCR 73.5%, median PFS 4.0 months, OS 28.5 months, and the 1-year, 3-year, and 5-year survival rate was 89.2%, 50.9% and 27.5%, respectively. The differences in ORR (50.0% vs. 40.0%, P = 0.344), DCR (78.1% vs. 72.9%, P = 0.571) and OS (51.0 months vs. 35.0 months, P = 0.396) between the regimens as first line and as non-first line treatment were not statistically significant. However, the PFS of the regimen as first-line was longer than that as non-first-line treatment (PFS 5.5 months vs. 3.0 months, P = 0.001). The differences in ORR (54.2% vs. 40.0%, P = 0.223), DCR (79.2% vs. 74.7%, P = 0.654), PFS (5.0 months vs. 3.0 months, P = 0.726) and OS (36.0 months vs. 40.0 months, P = 0.759) between cetuximab plus oxliplatin and irinotecan were not statistically significant. The most common side effects of cetuximab plus chemotherapy were acneiform eruption (80.4%, grade 3-4 in 9.8%), neutropenia (66.7%, grade 3-4 in 18.6%), and diarrhea (19.6%, grade 3-4 in 5.9%). No treatment-related death was recorded. Patients with advanced colorectal cancer and unclear K-ras treated by cetuximab combined with chemotherapy have good ORR and OS, and the regimen is safe with less adverse events for them. There is no significant difference between the efficacies of regimens as first line and as non-first line treatment, and between cetuximab plus oxliplatin and cetuximab plus irinotecan regimens.
    Zhonghua zhong liu za zhi [Chinese journal of oncology] 10/2010; 32(10):777-81.
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    ABSTRACT: It is not clear if there is a difference in prognosis between male breast cancer (MBC) and female breast cancer (FBC) patients. The aim of this study was to compare the prognosis of MBC and FBC patients in China and the prognosis of MBC and their corresponding postmenopausal FBC patients. Thirty-five MBC patients who were treated at the Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center between 1969 and 2004 were enrolled in the study. Seventy FBC patients who were matched with the MBC patients for TNM stage, year of diagnosis, and age at diagnosis were simultaneously enrolled in the study. A second group comprising 18 MBC patients and their corresponding 36 matched postmenopausal FBC patients were also enrolled. The whole group and the postmenopausal groups were compared for five- and ten-year survivals. All the factors that could potentially affect prognosis were comparable among the groups except more FBC than MBC patients underwent endocrine therapy and a modified radical mastectomy. The 5- and 10-year survivals in the whole group were 81.6% and 60.3% for men and 90.7% and 73.5% for women (P = 0.02). The 5- and 10-year survival in the postmenopausal group was 82.5% and 100% for men and 66.0% and 85.9% for women (P = 0.159). Chinese FBC patients had a better prognosis than Chinese MBC patients. However, MBC patients and their corresponding postmenopausal FBC patients had a similar prognosis.
    Chinese medical journal 09/2010; 123(17):2347-52. · 0.90 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Male breast cancer (MBC) in China usually has been studied retrospectively with small sample size, and studies analyzing the prognostic factors are rare. This study was to investigate the prognostic factors of Chinese patients with MBC based on the data from a single institute with a relatively large sample. Clinical data of 72 patients with histopathologically confirmed MBC who received treatment at Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center between January 1969 and March 2009, were collected. Kaplan-Meier, log-rank test and Cox regression model were used for statistical analysis. The 5-year overall survival rate was 72.4%, and the survival rates for stage I, II, III, and IV were 100%, 74.2%, 57.2%, and 0%, respectively. Univariate analysis showed that the tumor size (P < 0.001), axillary lymph node status (P = 0.001), TNM stage (P = 0.001), operation model (with vs. without: P < 0.001; classic radical resection vs. modified radical resection, P = 0.336) and endocrine therapy(P = 0.02) significantly influenced the survival. Multivariate Cox regression showed that TNM stage (P = 0.035), operation model (P = 0.021) and endocrine therapy (P = 0.019) were independent prognostic factors for MBC. Early diagnosis and comprehensive treatment strategy consisting of surgery and endocrine treatment is essential to improve the survival of the patients with MBC, and TNM stage, operation and endocrine treatment are the significant prognostic factors for MBC.
    Chinese journal of cancer 02/2010; 29(2):184-8.
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    ABSTRACT: Background and Objective: Studies showed that cetuximab combined with chemotherapy was effective on advanced colorectal cancer (ACRC) in recent years, however, few reports based on large case cohort are available in China. This study was to analyze the efficacy of cetuximab combined with chemotherapy for 53 chinese patients with ACRC. Methods: Clinical data of 53 patients with ACRC, treated with cetuximab combined with chemotherapy in Sun Yat-sen Cancer Center from March 2005 to April 2008, were analyzed for short-term efficacy and safety. The efficacy of the regimen used as first-line and non-first-line treatment was compared by Chi-square test; the effect of the regimen on prognosis was analyzed by multivariate Cox proportional hazards model. Results: Of the 53 patients with colorectal adenocarcinoma, 40 were men and 13 were women, with a median age of 55 years. A total of 572 weeks (median, 8 weeks) of cetuximab treatment were completed. The overall response rate (RR) of the regimen was 39.6% and the disease control rate 66.0%. The disease control rates were similar when the regimen was used as first-line and non-first-line treatment (80.3% vs. 60.5%, P=0.177). For all 53 patients, clinical stage was an independent prognostic factor (P=0.002, OR>1). The most common Grade 3 to 4 adverse events included acne-like rash (7.5%), neutropenia (18.9%), and diarrhea (5.6%). No hypersensitive reaction or treatment-related death was observed. Only one patient discontinued treatment because of Grade 4 diarrhea and neutopenia. Conclusions: Cetuximab combined with chemotherapy can achieve relatively high disease control rate for ACRC patients, with less adverse events. Whether cetuximab has better effect in first-line treatment than in non-first-line treatment needs further study.
    Ai zheng = Aizheng = Chinese journal of cancer 12/2009; 28(12):1317-23.
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    ABSTRACT: The mitotic Aurora-A kinase exerts crucial functions in maintaining mitotic fidelity. As a bona fide oncoprotein, Aurora-A aberrant overexpression leads to oncogenic transformation. Yet, the mechanisms by which Aurora-A enhances cancer cell survival remain to be elucidated. Here, we found that Aurora-A overexpression was closely correlated with clinic stage and lymph node metastasis in tongue carcinoma. Aurora-A inhibitory VX-680 suppressed proliferation, induced apoptosis and markedly reduced migration in cancer cells. We further showed that insulin-like growth factor-1, a PI3K physiological activator, reversed VX-680-decreased cell survival and motility. Conversely, wortmannin, a PI3K inhibitor, combined with VX-680 showed a synergistic effect on inducing apoptosis and suppressing migration. In addition, Aurora-A inhibition suppressed Akt activation, and VX-680-induced apoptosis was attenuated by Myr-Akt overexpression, revealing a cross-talk between Aurora-A and PI3K pathway interacting at Akt activation. Significantly, we showed that suppression of Aurora-A decreased phosphorylated Akt and was associated with increased IkappaBalpha expression. By contrast, Aurora-A overexpression upregulated Akt activity and downregulated IkappaBalpha, these changes were accompanied by nuclear translocation of nuclear factor-kappaB and increased expression of its target gene Bcl-xL. Lastly, Aurora-A overexpression induced IkappaBalpha reduction was abrogated by suppression of Akt either chemically or genetically. Taken together, our data established that Aurora-A, via activating Akt, stimulated nuclear factor-kappaB signaling pathway to promote cancer cell survival, and promised a novel combined chemotherapy targeting both Aurora-A and PI3K in cancer treatment.
    Molecular Cancer 11/2009; 8:95. · 5.13 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Cetuximab combined with radiotherapy or chemotherapy has been used to treat head and neck cancer in recent years, but few reports are available in China now. This study was to summarize our experiences in treating patients with head and neck cancer cetuximab. From October 1st, 2005 to September 30th, 2008, six with patients head and neck cancer were treated using cetuximab combined with radiotherapy and five were treated using cetuximab combined with chemotherapy in Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center. The short-term efficacy and safety were analyzed. A total of 82 cycles of cetuximab treatment, with a median of seven cycles, were administered safely. There was no treatment-associated death and no cetuximab-associated discontinuation. In cetuximab combined with radiotherapy group, four patients achieved complete response (CR) and two achieved partial response (PR); all CR patients had hadacne-like rash (three cases were > or = grade III), only one PR patient had grade I rash; five patients had skin reaction in the irradiation field (four cases of skin reaction were > or = grade III); hematological toxicity was slight excepted one case of grade IV. In cetuximab combined chemotherapy group, two patients achieved PR, two had stable disease (SD) and one had progressed disease (PD); the of acne-like rash was low, and three patients experienced bone marrow depression above grade III. Cetuximab combined with either radiotherapy or chemotherapy are good options for suitable patients with head and neck cancer.
    Ai zheng = Aizheng = Chinese journal of cancer 09/2009; 28(9):977-82.
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    ABSTRACT: Aurora kinases play key roles in the transition of G2/M phase by regulating functions of centrosomes and microtubules. Overexpression of Aurora-A, a new oncogene, can induce centrosome amplification, aneuploidy and tumor formation. Aurora kinases are closely associated with breast cancer. In this article, we reviewed the mechanisms of Aurora kinases inducing tumorigenesis of breast cancer via interacting with p53 gene, BRCA1 gene, PTEN/PI3K/AKT pathway, gene polymorphism, estrogen, and so on, analyzed the expression of Aurora kinases in breast cancer and its relationship with prognosis.
    Ai zheng = Aizheng = Chinese journal of cancer 07/2009; 28(6):668-72.
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    ABSTRACT: Isodon diterpenoids have received considerable phytochemical and biological attention for their strong antitumor activity with low toxicity. In this study, ExcisaninA, a diterpenoid compound purified from Isodon MacrocalyxinD, was tested on human Hep3B and MDA-MB-453 cell lines and Hep3B xenograft models. The results showed ExcisaninA could inhibit the proliferation of Hep3B and MDA-MB-453 cells via induction of apoptosis, with the evidence of increasing AnnexinV-positive cells and characteristic morphologic changes of apoptosis in the nucleus. Also, ExcisaninA sensitized Hep3B cells to 5-fluorouracil treatment or MDA-MB-453 cells to ADM treatment in vitro. In Hep3B xenograft models, ExcisaninA at 20 mg/kg/d remarkably decreased the xenograft tumor size and induced tumor cells apoptosis using transferase-mediated FITC-12-dUTP nick-end labeling assay. More importantly, we found that ExcisaninA could inhibit AKT activity and block its signal pathway in vitro and in vivo. And treatment with ExcisaninA significantly reduced the number of viable cells in Hep3B/myr-AKT1 cells more than that in control cells. Together, ExcisaninA might be a potent inhibitor of AKT signaling pathway in tumor cells. These data provide validation for the development of ExcisaninA to treat cancers displaying elevated levels of AKT.
    Molecular Cancer Therapeutics 05/2009; 8(4):873-82. · 5.60 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Mitotic serine/threonine kinase Aurora-A (Aur-A) plays a critical role in regulating centrosome segregation and spindle assemble. Aur-A overexpression causes excessive centrosome duplication and abnormal spindle structure, leading to tumor malignant progression. Here, we investigated Aur-A expression in nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) and the association between Aur-A and NPC invasiveness. We showed that overexpression of Aur-A in tumor tissues was correlated with cranial bone invasion and clinical stage in NPC patients. Suppression of Aur-A by either selective Aurora inhibitory VX-680 or small-interfering RNA caused G(2)/M arrest and apoptotic cell death in NPC CNE-2 cells. Significantly, inhibition of Aur-A suppressed CNE-2 cell invasion and restored membrane expression of epithelial markers, E-cadherin and beta-catenin, suggesting a reversed epithelial-mesenchymal transition process in cancer cells. In addition, we found that Aur-A-regulated epithelial-mesenchymal transition and invasion were mediated by mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) phosphorylation. Moreover, suppression of MAP kinase by small-interfering RNA or its upstream MEK1/2-selective inhibitor U0126 abrogated cell invasion enhanced by Aur-A overexpression. On the other hand, forced overexpression of constitutively active form of MEK1/2, MEK2DD, in CNE-2 cancer cells rescued cell invasive ability suppressed by VX-680-imposed Aur-A inhibition. Our results indicated that Aur-A acted through a downstream MAP kinase pathway to promote epithelial-mesenchymal transition and invasiveness in nasopharyngeal tumorigenesis. Small chemical inhibitor VX-680 may offer as a promising molecular targeting agent in human NPC.
    Carcinogenesis 08/2008; 29(10):1930-7. · 5.64 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Tumor markers which relate to cell proliferation and metabolism have seldom been studied in maxillary sinus cancer. This study was conducted to identify the correlation of glutathione S-transferase pi (GST-pi) and proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) expression to prognosis of advanced maxillary sinus squamous cell carcinoma (SCC). The expression of GST-pi and PCNA in 54 specimens of maxillary sinus SCC, 29 specimens of benign maxillary tumor, and 20 specimens of normal nasal mucosa was detected by immunohistochemistry. The correlation of GST-pi and PCNA expression to prognosis of advanced maxillary sinus SCC was analyzed by Kaplan-Meier method. The prognosis was analyzed by Cox multivariate model. The overexpression rates of GST-pi and PCNA were significantly higher in maxillary sinus SCC than in benign maxillary tumor and normal nasal mucosa (74.1% vs. 89.6% and 15.0%, P<0.01; 79.6% vs. 3.4% and 0, P<0.01). The 5-year survival rate was significantly higher in advanced maxillary sinus SCC patients with high expression of GST-pi than in the patients with low expression of GST-pi (34.5% vs. 21.2%, P=0.025); the difference between the patients with high and low expression of PCNA was not significant (18.0% vs. 27.0%, P=0.890). The expression of GST-pi was an independent prognostic factor of advanced maxillary sinus SCC (P=0.039, odds ratio>1). The overexpression of GST-pi is an independent prognostic factor of advanced maxillary sinus SCC, but that of PCNA isn't.
    Ai zheng = Aizheng = Chinese journal of cancer 10/2005; 24(10):1267-71.