A Oliet

Hospital Carmen Y Severo Ochoa, Cangas, Asturias, Spain

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Publications (37)101.74 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Background: Mycophenolate (MF) is effective as induction and maintenance treatment in patients with lupus nephritis (LN). This study evaluates the efficacy and safety of MF in patients with refractory and relapsing LN. Methods: Data were retrospectively obtained for 85 patients (35 refractory and 50 relapsing) from 11 nephrology departments in Spain. The primary endpoints were the incidence and cumulative number of renal responses and relapses and their relationship with baseline clinical and analytical data. The secondary endpoint was the appearance of side effects. Results: The main clinical and analytical variables were similar both in refractory and relapsing LN. Most of the patients had received cyclophosphamide, and all of them switched to MF. 74 patients (87%) achieved a response (69% partial, 31% complete). Age at starting MF, gender, pathological classification, body mass index, blood pressure, baseline renal function, and proteinuria were not associated with achieving response. After stopping MF, 3 of 19 patients (15.7%) relapsed, all at 6 months of follow-up. No differences were found between clinical and analytical variables and number of relapses. Side effects were unremarkable, except for 1 patient, who died of thrombocytopenia and ovarian hemorrhage. Conclusions: Switching to MF from other immunosuppressive treatments is effective and safe in refractory and relapsing LN. © 2014 S. Karger AG, Basel.
    American journal of nephrology. 07/2014; 40(2):105-112.
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    ABSTRACT: Background. We examine whether cystatin C, a surrogate marker of renal function, could identify patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) with an increased risk of renal disease progression, death, or cardiovascular events. Methods. Data were obtained for 180 patients, with a diagnosis of chronic renal failure based on serum creatinine estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFRcreat) <90 mL/min/1.73 m(2). This population was grouped in tertiles according to cystatin C and creatinine values at baseline. Cardiovascular events and overall mortality were estimated for each tertile. Predictors of overall mortality and for the development of renal disease progression were analyzed. Results. The median age was 75 years (interquartile range 69-82) and the median eGFRcreat 38 mL/min m(2) (interquartile range 33-49). Overall mortality was lower on the first and on the second tertiles of cystatin C than on the third one (HR = 0.060; 95% CI: 0.008-0.447 and HR = 0.094; 95% CI: 0.022-0.406, resp.). Deaths related to the creatinine tertiles followed the same pattern, but differences were not as large. Cardiovascular mortality was lower on the second than on the third cystatin C tertile (HR = 0.198; 95% CI: 0.040-0.987), but it did not show differences on the first and the second creatinine tertiles compared with the third one (HR = 0.126; 95% CI: 0.013-1.265 and HR = 0.403; 95% CI: 0.093-1.740). The only independent predictors of mortality during followup were baseline cystatin C (OR = 0.100; 95% CI: 0.021-0.463) and baseline uric acid (OR = 1.377; 95% CI: 1.070-1.773). Conclusion. Cystatin C may be an alternative to creatinine for detecting a high risk of death and cardiovascular events in a population with CKD.
    International journal of nephrology. 01/2014; 2014:127943.
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    ABSTRACT: Background. Low serum magnesium has been associated with an increased cardiovascular risk in the general population and in dialysis patients. Our aim was to analyze the influence of serum magnesium on overall mortality and cardiovascular outcomes in patients with advanced CKD not yet on dialysis. Methods. Seventy patients with CKD stages 4 and 5 were included. After a single measurement of s-magnesium, patients were followed a mean of 11 months. Primary end-point was death of any cause, and secondary end-point was the occurrence of fatal or nonfatal CV events. Results. Basal s-magnesium was within normal range ( mg/dL), was lower in men and in diabetic patients , and was not different between patients with and without cardiopathy. Magnesium did not correlate with PTH, calcium, phosphate, albumin, inflammatory parameters (CRP), and cardiac (NT-proBNP) biomarkers but correlated inversely ; with the daily dose of loop diuretics. In univariate and multivariate Cox proportional hazard models, magnesium was not an independent predictor for overall mortality or CV events. Conclusions. Our results do not support that serum magnesium can be an independent predictor for overall mortality or future cardiovascular events among patients with advanced CKD not yet on dialysis.
    ISRN Nephrology. 06/2013; 2013.
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    ABSTRACT: Background: Mycophenolate (MF) is effective as a maintenance therapy after induction therapy in patients with lupus nephritis (LN). However, little is known about its role in patients with impaired renal function. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of MF as a maintenance therapy for LN and its association with renal function. Methods: Data were obtained for 56 Spanish patients who were receiving MF as a maintenance therapy for LN. Patients were classified into two groups according to renal function at the initiation of MF treatment: group 1 [estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) ≥60 ml/min/1.73 m(2)] and group 2 (eGFR <60 ml/min/1.73 m(2)). The primary endpoints of the study were the rates of renal relapse and responses, and their relationship with baseline renal function. Secondary outcomes were the appearance of side effects during treatment. Results: At initiation of MF treatment, the only differences between the groups were for age, hemoglobin levels, anti-DNA antibody titer, proteinuria, and renal function. In group 1 (n = 38), the eGFR was 98 ± 34 ml/min/1.73 m(2) and in group 2 (n = 18) the eGFR was 43 ± 14 ml/min/1.73 m(2). Only 3 cases had an eGFR <30 ml/min/1.73 m(2). No significant differences were observed in the rate of relapse at 6 months (group 1: 20%; group 2: 23%) or at 12 months (group 1: 25%; group 2: 17%). Response rates were also similar in both groups. Side effects were unremarkable. Conclusions: MF is effective and safe as a maintenance therapy for LN both in patients with normal renal function and in those with renal impairment.
    American Journal of Nephrology 05/2013; 37(6):509-517. · 2.62 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Background: Mycophenolate (MF) is effective as induction therapy for lupus nephritis (LN) in patients with normal renal function; however, little is known about its role in patients with impaired renal failure. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the response to MF in LN and its association with baseline renal function. Methods: Data were obtained for 90 patients from 12 Spanish renal units who were receiving MF as induction therapy for LN. Patients were classified into 2 groups: group 1 (estimated glomerular filtration rate [eGFR] ≥60 ml/min/1.73 m(2)) and group 2 (eGFR <60 ml/min/ 1.73 m(2)). The primary outcome measure was the percentage of patients who achieved any response and its relationship with initial eGFR. The secondary outcome measures were the percentage of patients who achieved a complete response (CR) or partial response (PR) and the appearance of relapses during treatment and side effects. Results: At initiation of MF treatment, there were no differences in the main parameters between group 1 (n = 63; eGFR 87 ± 23 ml/min/ 1.73 m(2)) and group 2 (n = 27; eGFR 44 ± 12 ml/min/1.73 m(2)). Exposure to prednisone and MF was similar. The percentages of patients who achieved a response in groups 1 and 2 were, respectively, 69.2 and 43.8% at 6 months and 81.3 and 73.7% at 12 months. CR was more frequent in group 1, whereas PR was similar in both groups. Four patients relapsed and side effects were unremarkable. Conclusions: MF is effective and safe as induction therapy for LN, and response is even achieved in patients with baseline renal impairment.
    American Journal of Nephrology 04/2012; 35(5):424-33. · 2.62 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Decreased levels of 25 hydroxyvitamin D (25[OH]D) have been reported in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). The pleiotropic effects of vitamin D are known to go beyond mineral metabolism. The aims of this study were to: 1) Determine the 25(OH)D levels in predialysis outpatients. 2) Find out the clinical and biochemical characteristics of patients with 25(OH)D deficiency, and predictive factors for the deficiency. Patients and methods: An observational study in 79 predialysis outpatients was performed. Clinical and biochemical parameters were analysed in terms of nutrition, inflammation and mineral metabolism in relation to serum levels of 25(OH)D. Levels of 25(OH)D lower than 15ng/ml were considered to be deficient. Serum levels of 25(OH)D were deficient in 41 patients (52%). The comparative study regarding levels of vitamin 25(OH)D showed the group of patients with a deficiency, i.e. those with less than 15ng/ml, were older (70 ± 11.97 vs. 61 ± 14.5; p = 0.005), had a greater body mass index, BMI, (30±4.06 vs. 27.1 ± 5.08; p = 0.003) and increased proteinuria (1.42g/24h (0.53-2.96) vs. 0.51 (0.20-1.48), p = 0.009). This group included a greater number of diabetic patients: 20 (76.9%) vs. 6 (23%), p = 0.002. They had a higher level of parathyroid hormone (PTH): 359 (239-658) vs. 233 (129-323), p = 0.000; and more patients were under treatment with Calcitriol: 28 (62.2%) vs. 17 (37.8%), p = 0.024. In the multivariate analysis, high levels of PTH (OR 13.38; CI 95% [2.94-60.89]; p=0.001), increased proteinuria (OR 4.41; CI 95% [1.12-17.25]; p = 0.033); and being diabetic (OR 5.713; CI 95% [1.43-22.77]; p = 0.014) were independent predictor factors for patients with 25(OH)D deficiency. In our study, we observed a high prevalence of 25(OH)D deficiency among patients with CKD. The increased levels of PTH, the increase of proteinuria and the presence of diabetes were independent predictors for 25(OH)D deficiency.
    Nefrologia: publicacion oficial de la Sociedad Espanola Nefrologia 03/2011; 31(2):185-91. · 1.27 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: High levels of alkaline phosphatase (ALP) have been associated with increased mortality in patients with advanced chronic kidney disease (CKD). We hypothesize that elevated ALP could be partly explained by subclinical liver congestion related to left ventricular diastolic dysfunction. Doppler echocardiography was performed in 68 patients with advanced CKD followed up for a median of 2.1 years. Time-averaged levels of ALP and γ-glutamyl transferase (GGT) were compared between patients with and without diastolic dysfunction. We also evaluated the effect of intensifying diuretic treatment on ALP levels in a small group of 16 patients with high ALP and signs of volume overload. ALP correlated significantly (p < 0.001) with GGT but not with parathyroid hormone (p = 0.09). Patients with diastolic dysfunction showed higher ALP (p = 0.01), higher GGT (p = 0.03) and lower albumin (p = 0.04). The highest values of ALP were observed in patients with diastolic dysfunction plus pulmonary hypertension (p = 0.01). Intensifying diuretic therapy in a subgroup of patients with signs of fluid overload induced a significant reduction in body weight, GGT (p < 0.001) and ALP levels (p < 0.001). Elevated ALP in patients with advanced CKD could be partly explained by subclinical liver congestion related to left ventricular diastolic dysfunction, hypervolemia or both. The worse prognosis of these patients could be explained by their myocardial damage.
    Nephron extra. 01/2011; 1(1):283-91.
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    ABSTRACT: Introduction: Decreased levels of 25 hydroxyvitamin D (25[OH]D) have been reported in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). The pleiotropic effects of vitamin D are known to go beyond mineral metabolism. Objetives: The aims of this study were to: 1) Determine the 25(OH)D levels in predialysis outpatients. 2) Find out the clinical and biochemical characteristics of patients with 25(OH)D deficiency, and predictive factors for the deficiency. Patients and methods: An observational study in 79 predialysis outpatients was performed. Clinical and biochemical parameters were analysed in terms of nutrition, inflammation and mineral metabolism in relation to serum levels of 25(OH)D. Levels of 25(OH)D lower than 15ng/ml were considered to be deficient. Results: Serum levels of 25(OH)D were deficient in 41 patients (52%). The comparative study regarding levels of vitamin 25(OH)D showed the group of patients with a deficiency, i.e. those with less than 15ng/ml, were older (70 ± 11.97 vs. 61 ± 14.5; p = 0.005), had a greater body mass index, BMI, (30±4.06 vs. 27.1 ± 5.08; p = 0.003) and increased proteinuria (1.42g/24h (0.53–2.96) vs. 0.51 (0.20–1.48), p = 0.009). This group included a greater number of diabetic patients: 20 (76.9%) vs. 6 (23%), p = 0.002. They had a higher level of parathyroid hormone (PTH): 359 (239–658) vs. 233 (129–323), p = 0.000; and more patients were under treatment with Calcitriol: 28 (62.2%) vs. 17 (37.8%), p = 0.024. In the multivariate analysis, high levels of PTH (OR 13.38; CI 95% [2.94–60.89]; p=0.001), increased proteinuria (OR 4.41; CI 95% [1.12–17.25]; p = 0.033); and being diabetic (OR 5.713; CI 95% [1.43–22.77]; p = 0.014) were independent predictor factors for patients with 25(OH)D deficiency. Conclusions: In our study, we observed a high prevalence of 25(OH)D deficiency among patients with CKD. The increased levels of PTH, the increase of proteinuria and the presence of diabetes were independent predictors for 25(OH)D deficiency.
    Nefrologia: publicacion oficial de la Sociedad Espanola Nefrologia 12/2010; 31(2):185-191. · 1.27 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Spontaneous remission is a well known characteristic of idiopathic membranous nephropathy, but contemporary studies describing predictors of remission and long-term outcomes are lacking. We conducted a retrospective, multicenter cohort study of 328 patients with nephrotic syndrome resulting from idiopathic membranous nephropathy that initially received conservative therapy. Spontaneous remission occurred in 104 (32%) patients: proteinuria progressively declined after diagnosis until remission of disease at 14.7 +/- 11.4 months. Although spontaneous remission was more frequent with lower levels of baseline proteinuria, it also frequently occurred in patients with massive proteinuria: 26% among those with baseline proteinuria 8 to 12 g/24 h and 22% among those with proteinuria >12 g/24 h. Baseline serum creatinine and proteinuria, treatment with angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors or angiotensin receptor antagonists, and a >50% decline of proteinuria from baseline during the first year of follow-up were significant independent predictors for spontaneous remission. Only six patients (5.7%) experienced a relapse of nephrotic syndrome. The incidence of death and ESRD were significantly lower among patients with spontaneous remission. In conclusion, spontaneous remission is common among patients with nephrotic syndrome resulting from membranous nephropathy and carries a favorable long-term outcome with a low incidence of relapse. A decrease in proteinuria >50% from baseline during the first year predicts spontaneous remission.
    Journal of the American Society of Nephrology 04/2010; 21(4):697-704. · 8.99 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Our aim was to analyze the longitudinal changes in cardiac biomarker levels in hemodialysis patients with high comorbidity treated in our special hospital unit. We hypothesize that strict volume control strategy (salt-restricted diet, extended dialysis sessions and dry weight clinical assessment and reassessment in every session) could prevent progression of left-ventricular damage and, therefore, progressive increment in cardiac biomarker levels over time. This is a longitudinal cohort study including 46 dialysis patients in which a strategy of strict volume control has been adopted. N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP), troponin T and C-reactive protein (CRP) levels were measured at baseline and prospectively at 4, 8 and 12 months. The possible association between volume control and cardiac biomarker levels was analyzed. Dry weight could be reduced (p < 0.01) over time. A reduction in systolic BP (p < 0.05) and in CRP levels (p < 0.05) was observed, whereas NT-proBNP and troponin T values remained stable. However, patients in the high quartile of NT-proBNP at baseline showed a reduction (p = 0.02) in troponin T over time with no significant trend (p = 0.08) to progressive reduction in NT-proBNP values. Strict volume control in dialysis patients may prevent progressive increment in cardiac biomarker levels over time. The impact seems to be higher among patients with higher levels at baseline in whom strict volume control can even reduce cardiac biomarker levels on follow-up.
    Nephron Clinical Practice 07/2009; 113(2):c96-103. · 1.65 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Sclerosing Encapsulating Peritonitis (SEP) is a rare but serious complication of continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) with a high morbi-mortality. We describe our experience with patients was diagnostic of SEP, their characteristics in CAPD and their clinic evolution after diagnosis. 190 CAPD patients were follow-up during 17 years. Eight patients (4,2%) developed SEP. Average age 45 ± 14 years (range 29-64 years), four was male. Time in CAPD was 72 ± 29 months (range 24-120 months). All patients have peritonitis previously (mean 3 ± 1). We observe a change in peritoneum characteristics (D/P Cr 4), with an average of 0.6 ± 0.1 at one year of CAPD, versus 0.82 ± 0.08 at the end of CAPD, with statistic significance (p < 0.001). There are increases in use of hypertonic bags: 53% ± 28 at beginning versus 91% ± 27 at end, with statistic significance (p < 0.009). All patients show tendency to hyperphosphoremia (mean 6.7 ± 0.7 mg/dl), with product calcium-phosphorus 68.4 ± 8.3. Five patients (62.5%) have a previous renal transplant, one lost due to early graft thrombosis and two lost due to acute rejection. Six patients (75%) have a previous abdominal surgery, although was extra peritoneal in all cases. The diagnosis of SEP was clinic suspicion in all cases, suggestive radiological data (intestinal hand-le group) and laparoscopy showing SEP (cocoon) with histological confirmation (fi-brosis and peritoneal calcification) in four cases. The treatment was medical in six cases associated with surgery in four of them. The medical treatment was tamoxifen and/or corticosteroids, associated with total parenteral nutrition in two patients and enteral nutrition in one. Surgery in six patients: three as urgent surgery (all died) and three as programme surgery (two live still). Etiology of died was: three for sepsis, one for peritonitis after bowel perforation, one for severe problems of nutrition. The ave-rage survival of three patients alive was 38 ± 17 months, two of them had program-me surgery, and one with functioning transplant we opt for conservative treatment. The actuarial survival at 24 months was 51%. Conclusion: The SEP is a serious entity with high mortality. Although our short experience doesn't can indicate a concrete treatment, our personal impression is that early surgery associated with corticoste-roids treatment may improve the prognostic Key words: Sclerosing encapsulatin peritonitis. Peritoneal dialysis. Surgical treat-ment.
    01/2007;
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    ABSTRACT: We evaluated the use of telemedicine in the long-term control of stable patients undergoing peritoneal dialysis at home. From September 2003 to August 2005, patients were randomly selected from current cases and invited to join study group A, in which they had telemedicine support. Patients not selected for this group, or who refused the invitation, were placed in study group B, and used for comparison. There were 25 patients in group A and 32 patients in group B. Videoconferencing equipment was installed in each patient's home, connected to a videoconferencing unit at the hospital by three ISDN lines. Patients in group A were followed for a mean of 8 months (range 3-24) with alternate months of teleconsultations and hospital visits. A total of 172 teleconsultations were conducted. A mean of 22 min (SD 9) were spent on each teleconsultation, significantly less than in hospital consultations, which took a mean of 33 min (SD 8) (P<0.01). In 148 teleconsultations (89%) medical treatment was modified. In 4 cases (2%) patients needed a hospital visit. In all instances (100%) the condition of the catheter exit site and the presence of oedema could be evaluated. In group A, the estimated cost of telemedicine was euro198 and that of a hospital visit was euro177. The mean hospitalization rate was 2.2 days/patient/year in group A and 5.7 days/patient/year in group B (P<0.05). Home telemedicine appears to be clinically useful in the long-term follow-up of stable patients undergoing peritoneal dialysis, and the costs and savings also seem to be encouraging.
    Journal of Telemedicine and Telecare 01/2007; 13(6):288-92. · 1.47 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The sustained elevation of phosphorous among patients with end-stage renal failure is associated with elevated mortality rates. Phosphate binding agents are usually necessary to control serum phosphate levels. Phosphate removal during dialysis is limited largely due to the intracellular location of most inorganic phosphorous. The membrane surface, the frequency and the duration of therapy have proved to be very important factors in the serum phosphate control. THE AIM of our work is to investigate the influence on phosphate removal of factors that normally participate in the haemodialysis session: Plasma phosphate level (Php), treatment duration, membrane surface, high or low-flux membranes, the vascular access, dialysate flux , the volume of blood passing through the dialyzer (L) in each dialysis session and the blood flow during the first hour of dialysis. On 16 patients, we also had the possibility of comparing phosphate removal with 1.8 m(2) high-flux haemodialysis, 1.8 m(2) on-line hemodiafiltration and the on-line technique with the new Helixone dialyzer Fresenius Fx100. 108 haemodialysis patients, 62% men, 38% women aged 21-82 years (61+/-14;mean+/-sem),) were selected for the study. Mean treatment time 4.14+/-0.41 hours (range 3.5-5 hours). The vascular access was an arterio-venous fistula in eighty five (78%) and a double lumen tunnelled catheter 23 (22%). Patients were studied under their normal every day conditions. High-flux membrane was used by 31 (30%) patients and low-flux membrane by 77 (70%). Membrane surface was: 1.7 m2:17 (16%); 1.8 m2:77 (71%); 2,1 m2:14 (13%). Dialysate flux was: 500 ml/min. 55 patients; 700 ml/min: 53 patients. In 16 out of 108 patients we had the possibility of using on-line hemodiafiltration with ultrapure bicarbonate-buffered dialysate. Phosphate mass removal (MPO4) was calculated using the formula:MPO4=0.1 t-17+50 Cds 60+11Cb 60 (1), where t is treatment time in minutes, Cds60 and Cb60 are phosphate concentrations in dialysate and plasma measured at 60 min from the beginning of hemodialysis in mg/dl, and MPO4 is the estimated phosphate removed in mg/treatment. We found a good correlation between phosphate removal and serum phosphate levels (p=0.01), but not with the membrane surface or treatment duration. Phosphate removal was 640+/-180 mg/session with low-flux membrane and 700+/-170 mg/session with high-flux membrane (p=0.280). The MPO4 was 720+/-190 mg/treatment in patients with a AV fistula and 620+/-180 in patients with a tunnelled catheter (p=0.023). We found a good correlation between phosphate removal and the volume of blood (L) that passed the dialyzer in each session (r=0.001) but we did not find a correlation between phosphate removal and KT/Vurea, the dialysate flux or the ultra filtration. On-line technique did not increased the MPO4(733+/-280 mg, p=0.383). The on-line technique with the new dialyzer (Fresenius Fx100), increased the phosphate removal to 759+/-199 mg/session (p=0.057). Phosphate removal during dialysis is influenced by Plasma phosphate levels, the volume of blood that passed the dialyzer and the vascular access. Uniformity on time and membrane surface could explain the abs cense of influence in our case. The ultra filtration, dialysate flux, membrane permeability or on-line hemodiafiltration does not influence the phosphate removal. The new membrane helixone with 2,1 m2 (Fresenius Fx100) increases phosphate removal probably because the membrane surface is higher.
    Nefrologia: publicacion oficial de la Sociedad Espanola Nefrologia 01/2007; 27(1):46-52. · 1.27 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Sclerosing Encapsulating Peritonitis (SEP) is a rare but serious complication of continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) with a high morbi-mortality. We describe our experience with patients was diagnostic of SEP, their characteristics in CAPD and their clinic evolution after diagnosis. 190 CAPD patients were follow-up during 17 years. Eight patients (4.2%) developed SEP. Average age 45+/-14 years (range 29-64 years), four was male. Time in CAPD was 72+/-29 months (range 24-120 months). All patients have peritonitis previously (mean 3+/-1). We observe a change in peritoneum characteristics (D/P Cr 4), with an average of 0.6+/-0.1 at one year of CAPD, versus 0.82+/-0.08 at the end of CAPD, with statistic significance (p<0.001). There are increases in use of hypertonic bags: 53%+/-28 at beginning versus 91%+/-27 at end, with statistic significance (p<0.009). All patients show tendency to hyperphosphoremia (mean 6.7+/-0.7 mg/dl), with product calcium-phosphorus 68.4+/-8.3. Five patients (62.5%) have a previous renal transplant, one lost due to early graft thrombosis and two lost due to acute rejection. Six patients (75%) have a previous abdominal surgery, although was extra peritoneal in all cases. The diagnosis of SEP was clinic suspicion in all cases, suggestive radiological data (intestinal handle group) and laparoscopy showing SEP (cocoon) with histological confirmation (fibrosis and peritoneal calcification) in four cases. The treatment was medical in six cases associated with surgery in four of them. The medical treatment was tamoxifen and/or corticosteroids, associated with total parenteral nutrition in two patients and enteral nutrition in one. Surgery in six patients: three as urgent surgery (all died) and three as programme surgery (two live still). Etiology of died was: three for sepsis, one for peritonitis after bowel perforation, one for severe problems of nutrition. The average survival of three patients alive was 38+/-17 months, two of them had programme surgery, and one with functioning transplant we opt for conservative treatment. The actuarial survival at 24 months was 51%. CONCLUSION: The SEP is a serious entity with high mortality. Although our short experience doesn't can indicate a concrete treatment, our personal impression is that early surgery associated with corticosteroids treatment may improve the prognostic.
    Nefrologia: publicacion oficial de la Sociedad Espanola Nefrologia 01/2007; 27(6):729-36. · 1.27 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We report a patient who developed type II heparin-induced thrombocytopenia (HIT) and accidentally received a recombinant hirudin (r-hirudin) overdosage. Treatment with hemodialysis (HD) using high-flux polysulfone dialyzer and hemofiltration was performed. Length of treatment was adjusted, monitoring activated partial thromboplastin time (aPTT) to 1.5-2.5 times the mean of the normal range. She developed deep venous thrombosis and occlusion of vascular access. Only after cessation of heparin lock catheter, platelet count began to increase. After one year of treatment with acenocoumarol and additional low-dose r-hirudin, neither bleeding nor thrombotic episodes have been reported.
    Clinical nephrology 11/2006; 66(4):302-5. · 1.29 Impact Factor
  • A Molina, C Mon, A Oliet, M Ortiz
    Nefrologia: publicacion oficial de la Sociedad Espanola Nefrologia 02/2006; 26(4):504-6. · 1.27 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Mean-term experience in the use of Telemedicine in Peritoneal Dialisis (PD) patients is limited as well as its cost-benefit. The main objective of this work is to evaluate Telemedicine utility in mean-long term control of stable PD patients, analyzing if the televisit (TV) could substitute 50% of the programed inhospital consults (HC) the time spent in both visit modalities, the quality of patient-personel contact as well as how image and sound have been perceived. Visit resolution was analyzed taking into account the need of HC after a TV; We also have studied if it would be possible to retrain patients in the dialisis technique with telemedicine, and we have checked the patient perceived quality and calculate the real and social costs. during 18 months, the system has been implanted to 19 patients with 7 +/- 4 follow up (range 3-17). A Falcon videoconference kit at patient's place was used, connected to the home television set. In the hospital there was a computer with a videoconference card, webcam and software meeting point which permits the control of patient's camera from the hospital. Both are connected by a 3RDSI line system. A monthly programmed HC or TV has been made. If more controls had been required, they have been made by TV Time spent was recorded on each TV and patients and staff questionary were inquired. (a) Patients: mean age 44 +/- 8 years, 13 (68%) male. 12 (63%) had elemental educational level and 7 (37%) mean-superior. 17 (89%) were actively working. The PD technique was: CAPD 6 (32%) and APD13 (68%). (b) Televisits: 103 TV have been made. 22 +/- 9 minutes were spent on each TV less than in the HC, 33 +/- 8 minutes (p < 0.01). There were technical problems related with lines in 21 TV, but only in 4 the connection was not possible. 92 TV (89%) were made on time, 99 (96%) had a good image quality and 96 (93%) had a correct sound. 100% of patients perceived TV as close to HC. In 90 TV (87%) medical treatment was modified. Only in 4 cases (3.9%) patients needed an hospital visit. According to patient's valuation, TV replaced correctly to HC in 97 instances (94%) and in 97 (97%) in staff opinion. In all cases (100%) catheter exit site could be evaluated as well as edema presence. Retraining was possible in all cases. There was a save in nurse's time and patient's time and also, a save in physical hospital space. Initial investment apart, the daily cost increment was scarce (1.5 Euro) taking into account that there is a save in time for patients and personnel, save in physical space in hospital and in sanitary transport. Telemedicine is useful from the clinical point of view in the mean-term for stable patients in PD. Daily cost increment is scarce and there is a save in time for patients and personnel, save in physical space in hospital and in sanitary transport.
    Nefrologia: publicacion oficial de la Sociedad Espanola Nefrologia 02/2006; 26(3):365-71. · 1.27 Impact Factor
  • Nefrologia: publicacion oficial de la Sociedad Espanola Nefrologia 02/2006; 26(3):399-400. · 1.27 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The prevalence of inflammation is high among patients with chronic renal failure but the reason of inflammation is unclear. We test the hypothesis that inflammation in chronic renal failure could be the consequence of an increased left-ventricular wall tension related to ventricular dysfunction, hypervolemia or both. For assessing left-ventricular filling pressure, plasma level of N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (N-BNP) was used, as B-type natriuretic peptide is secreted from the cardiac ventricles in response to increased wall tension. N-BNP levels and C-reactive protein (CRP) were measured on the same day in 75 pre-dialysis patients. A previous history of cardiomiopathy with systolic dysfunction was present in 27 (36%) of them. The levels of N-BNP were not normally distributed (mean: 2,589 +/- 4,514 pg/ml; median: 789 pg/ml). The distribution of CRP levels was also not normal (mean: 15 +/- 27 mg/l; median: 5 mg/l). Both parameters correlated significantly (r: 0.41; p < 0.005). N-BNP was higher (p < 0.001) in patients with known ventricular dysfunction. Excluding these patients, the correlation between N-BNP and CRP was stronger (r: 0.88; p < 0.001). Univariate analysis in these patients without known cardiomyopathy showed that N-BNP levels also correlated with systolic and diastolic blood pressure (r: 0.54; p < 0.005) and inversely with creatinine clearance (r: -0.43; p < 0.01), serum albumin (r: 0.6; p < 0.001) and hemoglobin levels (r: 0.37; p < 0.05). CRP levels correlated significantly (p < 0.01) with the same parameters as N-BNP in univariate analysis. However, in multiple stepwise regression analysis in which CRP was the dependent variable, only the association with N-BNP remained significant (r: 0.87; p < 0.001). Our results suggest a link between left-ventricular filling pressure and inflammation in patients with advanced renal insufficiency. The importance of strict volume control in these patients, in order to reduce left-ventricular pressure and therefore inflammation, should be considered.
    Nephron Clinical Practice 01/2004; 97(4):c125-30. · 1.65 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: An elevated serum C-reactive protein (CRP) has been shown to be strongly predictive of morbidity and mortality in dialysis patients. However, the significance of high CRP levels in the pre-dialysis period has not been studied extensively. The aim of our study was to analyse the evolution of our pre-dialysis population according to their basal levels of CRP. A cohort of 66 pre-dialysis patients was followed for 1 year, after initial determination of serum CRP. The evolution of blood pressure (BP) control, CRP levels, nutritional data (body mass index, serum albumin, prealbumin, transferrin, cholesterol), proteinuria, calcium-phosphorus product, bicarbonate, haemoglobin (Hb), the weekly dose of erythropoietin (Epo)/kg body weight, and the Hb/Epo dose ratio were measured and compared between patients with high (>6 mg/l) or low (<6 mg/l) CRP levels at baseline. The decline in renal function, hospitalization, and death also were measured and compared between the two groups. At baseline, 23 patients (35%) showed high (>6 mg/l) CRP levels. CRP was higher in patients with a previous history of cardiovascular disease (P<0.01), as well as in patients in whom ischaemic nephropathy or nephrosclerosis was the cause of end-stage renal disease (P<0.01). There were no differences between diabetic and non-diabetic patients. During the study period, patients with higher CRP levels at baseline maintained higher levels (P<0.001). During this period, these patients showed lower (P<0.05) albumin concentration, higher bicarbonate levels, lower Hb concentration, and lower Hb/Epo ratio and needed higher Epo doses. There were no differences in systolic BP, the degree of proteinuria, and the decline in renal function between groups; diastolic BP was lower in patients with high CRP levels. Hospitalization was higher (P<0.005) in this group. Only one patient died. The prevalence of inflammation is high in pre-dialysis patients. High serum CRP levels predict a constant inflammatory state on follow-up. As occurs in dialysis patients, pre-dialysis inflammation predicts lower serum albumin concentration, poorer response to Epo, and a higher hospitalization rate. The decline in renal function does not seem to be related to the inflammatory state. Mortality was not affected on short-term follow-up.
    Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation 06/2002; 17(6):1105-9. · 3.37 Impact Factor