Osman Zekioglu

Ege University, Ismir, İzmir, Turkey

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Publications (82)100.64 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate colposcopic biopsy results of patients with cervical cytological findings of atypical squamous cells of undetermined significance (ASC-US) and atypical squamous cells with high-grade lesions that cannot be excluded (ASC-H). A retrospective evaluation of data from 358 patients, who had cervical cytological findings of ASC-US (n = 335) and ASC-H (n = 23), and had colposcopic assessments between 2005 and 2011. Cervical biopsy results of patients diagnosed with ASC-US cytology (n = 335) revealed cervical squamous cell carcinoma 0.9 % (n = 3) at biopsy, cervical intraepithelial neoplasia 3 (CIN 3) in 3.8 % (n = 13), cervical intraepithelial neoplasia 2 (CIN 2) in 1.1 % (n = 4), cervical intraepithelial neoplasia 1 (CIN 1) in 35.2% (n = 118), and benign lesions in 59 % (n = 197). Cervical biopsy results of patients diagnosed with ASC-H cytology (n = 23) revealed CIN 3 at biopsy in 39.3% (n = 9), CIN 2 in 21.7% (n = 5), CIN 1 in 26% (n = 6), carcinoma in situ in 8.7% (n = 2), and squamous cell cancer in one patient (4.3%). The cytological diagnosis of ASC-US may lead to the diagnosis of cervical intraepithelial lesion of higher grades as well as cervical cancer and should be evaluated by colposcopic cervical biopsy.
    European journal of gynaecological oncology 01/2015; 36(2):150-4.
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    ABSTRACT: Intraoperative frozen section procedure may be required in some operations performed for breast masses. We investigated the effect of frozen section procedure on the immunoprofile of breast carcinoma cells. Cross-sectional study. A total of 53 breast carcinoma cases evaluated with intraoperative frozen sections were included in this study. Immunohistochemically, oestrogen (ER), progesterone (PR) and HER2 primary antibodies were evaluated in both frozen and non-frozen sections of each tumour sample. No difference was found between the frozen and non-frozen sections in 33 cases in terms of staining rate and intensity of ER, PR and HER2. A decrease was found in the ER, PR and HER2 staining rate (in 10 cases, 9 cases and 6 cases, respectively). Likewise, a decrease was detected in ER, PR and HER2 staining intensity in 6 patients for each. Although there was no staining in frozen sections, immunopositivity was observed in 3 non-frozen sections for ER, in 2 for PR and in 5 for HER2. Statistically, a significant difference was found between the frozen and non-frozen sections in terms of staining rate and intensity for each of the three markers. In this study, the frozen section procedure in breast carcinoma had a negative effect on the immunoprofile. However, considering the importance of hormone receptor status in the treatment, these results should be supported with larger series.
    Balkan Journal of Medical Genetics 12/2014; 31(4):335-9. DOI:10.5152/balkanmedj.2014.14389
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    ABSTRACT: Background Seroma formation is still a common problem in breast surgery. Seroma formation is associated with morbidity and financial loss. Fibrin glue was used in several studies for solution, but the results were controversial. On the other hand surgical meshes are promising to prevent the seroma formation. Methods A total of 48 female Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly assigned to four groups. Each underwent radical mastectomy, axillary lymph node dissection, and disruption of the dermal lymphatic vessels. Group 1 is the control group (n = 12). In group 2 (n = 12), 1 × 1 cm polyglactin 910 mesh (Vicryl, Ethicon Johnson&Johson USA) is placed over the chest wall under the skin flaps prior to closure. The animals in group 3 received 0.5 mL fibrin glue (Baxter Healthcare Ltd. United Kingdom) topically throughout the wound before the closure (n = 12). The animals in group 4 (n = 12) received 0.5 mL fibrin glue topically throughout the wound, and 1 × 1 cm polyglactin 910 mesh is placed under the skin flaps prior to the closure. Full thickness tissue samples from both the chest wall and the skin were harvested. The harvested tissue samples were evaluated by a single pathologist in a blind fashion. Results The mean seroma volume of the control group was 1.536 mL whereas the mean seroma volume of the groups 2, 3, and 4 were 1.189, 0.438, and 0.556 respectively. Mean seroma volume was significantly lower, adhesion index and foreign body reaction were higher in group 4. Conclusion Although various studies show controversial results to prevent the seroma formation. This experimental study is an evidence that fibrin glue and polyglican mesh reduce seroma with increasing inflammatory reaction.
    European Surgery 11/2014; DOI:10.1007/s10353-014-0281-9
  • The Kaohsiung journal of medical sciences 10/2014; 30(10). DOI:10.1016/j.kjms.2013.12.001
  • The Kaohsiung journal of medical sciences 03/2014; 30(3):159-60. DOI:10.1016/j.kjms.2013.01.020
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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Chorioamnionitis is closely related to premature birth and has negative effects on neonatal morbidity and mortality. METHODS: In this prospective study, 43 mothers who delivered earlier than 35 gestational weeks and their 57 infants were evaluated clinically and with laboratory findings. Placentas and umbilical cords were investigated histopathologically for chorioamnionitis and funisitis. RESULTS: The overall frequency of clinical and histological chorioamnionitis (HCA) was 8.3% and 23.2%, respectively. The frequency of HCA was 47.3% and 83.3% in mothers delivered <32 weeks and <30 weeks, respectively. Maternal demographic and clinical findings and also leukocyte and C-reactive protein values were not indicative of HCA. Infants of mothers with HCA had significantly lower Apgar scores together with higher SNAP-PE-II and CRIB scores. These infants had increased mechanical ventilator and surfactant requirements, higher incidences of patent ductus arteriosus, early sepsis, and bronchopulmonary dysplasia, and higher mortality rates. The effect of HCA on neonatal morbidity and mortality was more prominent than the effect of low birthweight and lower gestational age. CONCLUSION: Chorioamnionitis not only causes premature deliveries, but is also associated with neonatal complications and increased mortality. Clinical findings and infectious markers in mother or infant do not predict the diagnosis of histological chorioamnionitis. Therefore, placental histopathology may have a role in predicting neonatal outcome in premature deliveries, especially those below 30 weeks.
    Pediatrics & Neonatology 04/2013; 54(4). DOI:10.1016/j.pedneo.2013.03.012
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate the importance of ultrasonography (US) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in detecting placental adherence defects. Patients diagnozed with total placenta previa (n = 40) in whom hysterectomy was performed due to placental adherence defects (n = 20) or in whom the placenta detached spontaneously after a Cesarean delivery (n = 20) were included into the study between June 2008 and January 2011, at the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology Ege University (lzmir Turkey). Gray-scale US was used to check for any placental lacunae, sub-placental sonolucent spaces or a placental mass invading the vesicouterine plane and bladder Intra-placental lacunar turbulent blood flow and an increase in vascularization in the vesicouterine plane were evaluated with color Doppler mode. Subsequently all patients had MRI and the results were compared with the histopathologic examinations. The sensitivity of MRI for diagnosis of placental adherence defects before the operation was 95%, with a specificity of 95%. In the presence of at least one diagnostic criterion, the sensitivity and specificity of US were 87.5% and 100% respectively, while the sensitivity of color Doppler US was 62.5% with a specificity of 100%. Currently MRI appears to be the gold standard for the diagnosis of placenta accreta. None of the ultrasonographic criteria is solely sufficient to diagnose placental adherence defects, however they assist in the diagnostic process.
    Ginekologia polska 03/2013; 84(3):186-92. DOI:10.17772/gp/1561
  • 01/2013; 10(2):103-109. DOI:10.5505/tjod.2013.93357
  • Turkiye Klinikleri Journal of Medical Sciences 01/2013; 33(1):238-240. DOI:10.5336/medsci.2011-23682
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    ABSTRACT: Adenoid basal carcinoma (ABC) is a rare epithelial tumor of the cervix. It makes up approximately 1% of all cervical adenocarcinomas. Rare cases have been associated with common cervical epithelial tumors. We present a case of ABC associated with typical squamous cell carcinoma. A 54-year-old postmenopausal woman underwent D&C for vaginal bleeding. Histologically, the tumor was characterized by small cells with a narrow cytoplasm, making up islands and cords. Peripheral palissading in the cells surrounding the cystic areas that contained central cellular debris and keratin was noted. The patient underwent total hysterectomy, bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy, pelvic lymphadenectomy and omentectomy. Large cell keratinized type squamous cell carcinoma areas in the cervix were noted besides the limited ABC areas. After surgery, the patient was treated with radiation therapy. A retroperitoneal metastasis was found on the first year and chemotherapy was administered. The patient has no evidence of disease 27 months after the first diagnosis. ABC makes up quite a rare group of cervical cancers and should be kept in mind during the evaluation so that a differentiation can be made with tumors with similar morphology as it can show various histological patterns, and can be seen together with more aggressive cancers.
    Medical Journal of Trakya University / Trakya Universitesi Tip Fakultesi Dergisi 12/2012; 29(4):453-6. DOI:10.5152/balkanmedj.2012.088
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study is to compare collection of sufficient material and diagnostic accuracy of Pipelle biopsy with curettage and hysterectomy. A total of 82 cases with indications for endometrial biopsy for any reason and in which endometrial biopsy was performed with dilatation and curettage (D&C) and Pipelle aspiration biopsy, and 66 cases in which an indication for hysterectomy was established for any reason were included in the study. Histopathological findings were examined in the following six groups: normal; endometrial polyps; hyperplasia without atypia; hyperplasia with atypia; atrophy; and insufficient material. Descriptive statistical methods and McNemar's test were used. When the histopathological compatibility between Pipelle and D&C was considered (n = 82), a diagnosis that was different from that obtained by D&C was obtained in 22 of the 63 cases (34%), in whom normal endometrial histology was found with a Pipelle biopsy specimen. It was observed that only 1 of 13 cases of endometrial polyps was diagnosed with Pipelle biopsy. Insufficient material was obtained in six cases (7%) with Pipelle biopsies and three cases (4%) with D&C. While Pipelle biopsies and D&C have a nearly equal level of success in widespread endometrial lesions, Pipelle biopsies provide limited diagnostic accuracy in cases with focal pathologies.
    Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology 11/2012; 32(8):790-4. DOI:10.3109/01443615.2012.719944
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    ABSTRACT: Nomogram accuracies for predicting non-sentinel lymph node (SLN) involvement vary between different patient populations. Our aim is to put these nomograms to test on our patient population and determine our individual predictive parameters affecting SLN and non-SLN involvement. Data from 932 patients was analyzed. Nomogram values were calculated for each patient utilizing MSKCC, Tenon, and MHDF models. Moreover, using our own patient- and tumor-depended parameters, we established a unique predictivity formula for SLN and non-SLN involvement. The calculated area under the curve (AUC) values for MSKCC, Tenon, and MHDF models were 0.727 (95% confidence interval (CI) 0.64-0.8), 0.665 (95% CI 0.59-0.73), and 0.696 (95% CI 0.59-0.79), respectively. Cerb-2 positivity (p = 0.004) and size of the metastasis in the lymph node (p = 0.006) were found to correlate with non-SLN involvement in our study group. The AUC value of the predictivity formula established using these parameters was 0.722 (95% CI 0.63-0.81). The most accurate nomogram for our patient group was the MSKCC nomogram. Our unique predictivity formula proved to be as equally effective and competent as the MSKCC nomogram. However, similar to other nomograms, our predictivity formula requires future validation studies.
    Breast Care 10/2012; 7(5):397-402. DOI:10.1159/000338844
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    ABSTRACT: Aberrant breast tissue is an anomaly in the embryogenesis of the breast that is found along the mammary ridge or out of that line. We report a case of a 71-year-old female patient with an abdominal aberrant breast tissue found incidentally in a piece of mesenteric biopsy. The histological features were consistent with breast tissue.
    Case Reports in Medicine 06/2012; 2012:943102. DOI:10.1155/2012/943102
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    ABSTRACT: PURPOSE: To determine the frequency by which breast magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) provides information that influences the surgical management of patients with breast cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From August 2006 to December 2008, contrast-enhanced bilateral breast MRI was performed on 68 patients, all of whom exhibited highly suspicious imaging findings (BI-RADS category 4 or 5). Patients were grouped according to their histopathological diagnosis and type of breast parenchyma. All of the enrolled patients were believed to be candidates for breast conservation on the basis of physical examination, mammography, and ultrasonography. The patients were reevaluated with the MRI examination as to whether they were still candidates for breast conservation therapy. RESULTS: The MRI findings changed the previous management plans in 19.1% of the 68 patients. With respect to the surgical approach, no statistically significant difference was observed between the histopathology groups (P = 0.403). In terms of the breast parenchymal pattern, however, surgical planning was changed in 53.8% of the patients who exhibited a dense pattern, which was significantly different from the rates of the other groups (P = 0.006). The sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, and negative predictive value of the MRI for additional malignant lesion detection and identification were 85%, 98%, 92%, and 96%, respectively. The agreement test revealed 86% agreement (very good) between the additional findings observed on the MRI and the histopathological results. CONCLUSION: If breast-conserving surgery is planned, an MRI should be performed in all women with suspected breast cancer, especially those exhibiting dense or heterogeneously dense breast parenchyma, for which the sensitivity of both ultrasonography and mammography is low.
    Diagnostic and interventional radiology (Ankara, Turkey) 05/2012; 18(5). DOI:10.4261/1305-3825.DIR.5429-11.2
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate the decisive role of preoperative serum thrombopoietin levels in the discrimination of benign and malignant ovarian pathologies and its value in the evaluation of treatment response. Fifty patients with diagnoses of adnexal masses (25 benign, 25 malignant) were included in the study. Blood samples were collected from all cases preoperatively. Age, menopausal status, adnexal mass size, preoperative CA-125 level, platelet count, the stage of the disease (FIGO stage), tumor grade, histologic subgroup, the residual tumor mass, ascites cytology, surgical procedures, and postoperative treatments were recorded for the malignant group. Response to treatment was evaluated based on the revised RECIST guideline. The preoperative serum thrombopoietin levels of the malignant cases (median, 98; range, 7 to 768) were significantly higher when compared with those of benign cases (median, 27; range, 13 to 131; p=0.004). The positive predictive value of CA-125 was found to be 79%, when it was used as a single marker; however it had risen to 85% when both CA-125 and thrombopoietin levels were used. There was no significant relationship between preoperative serum thrombopoietin levels and tumor grade, ascites cytology, presence of residual mass, and response to treatment. The preoperative serum thrombopoietin levels were significantly higher in stage III-IV cases and cases with serous histology. The post-treatment serum thrombopoietin levels in the malignant group were significantly lower as compared with the preoperative thrombopoietin levels. Thrombopoietin can play an additive role for prediction of ovarian cancer.
    Journal of Gynecologic Oncology 04/2012; 23(2):86-90. DOI:10.3802/jgo.2012.23.2.86
  • European Journal of Cancer 03/2012; 48:S208-S208. DOI:10.1016/S0959-8049(12)70623-8
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    ABSTRACT: Endometrial intraepithelial neoplasia (EIN) applies specific diagnostic criteria to designate a monoclonal endometrial preinvasive glandular proliferation known from previous studies to confer a 45-fold increased risk for endometrial cancer. In this international study we estimate accuracy and precision of EIN diagnosis among 20 reviewing pathologists in different practice environments, and with differing levels of experience and training. Sixty-two endometrial biopsies diagnosed as benign, EIN, or adenocarcinoma by consensus of two expert subspecialty pathologists were used as a reference comparison to assess diagnostic accuracy of 20 reviewing pathologists. Interobserver reproducibility among the 20 reviewers provided a measure of diagnostic precision. Before evaluating cases, observers were self-trained by reviewing published textbook and/or online EIN diagnostic guidelines. Demographics of the reviewing pathologists, and their impressions regarding implementation of EIN terminology were recorded. Seventy-nine percent of the 20 reviewing pathologists' diagnoses were exactly concordant with the expert consensus (accuracy). The interobserver weighted κ values of 3-class EIN scheme (benign, EIN, carcinoma) diagnoses between expert consensus and each of reviewing pathologists averaged 0.72 (reproducibility, or precision). Reviewing pathologists demonstrated one of three diagnostic styles, which varied in the repertoire of diagnoses commonly used, and their nonrandom response to potentially confounding diagnostic features such as endometrial polyp, altered differentiation, background hormonal effects, and technically poor preparations. EIN diagnostic strategies can be learned and implemented from standard teaching materials with a high degree of reproducibility, but is impacted by the personal diagnostic style of each pathologist in responding to potential diagnostic confounders.
    Modern Pathology 02/2012; 25(6):877-84. DOI:10.1038/modpathol.2011.220
  • 01/2012; 9(3):129-132. DOI:10.5505/tjod.2012.34392
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    ABSTRACT: SUMMARY. This study focused on developing in situ gel formulations of miconazole nitrate with poloxamer 188 and 407 for treatment of mucosal candidiasis. In situ gel formulations were prepared and gelation temperature, rheological, mechanical and mucoadhesive properties, syringeability and release profiles were evaluated. Based on their suitable gelation temperature properties, formulations containing the poloxamer (Plx) 407 and 188 in ratios of 15:15 (F1), 15:20 (F2) and 20:10 (F3) were chosen for further studies. F3 exhibited typical gel-type mechanical spectra at 37 °C whereas F1 and F2 behaved like weakly cross-linked gels. Texture profile analysis demonstrated that F3 showed the highest cohesiveness, adhesiveness, hardness and compressibility. According to the these results, F3 was chosen for in vivo studies and it was shown that it is effective for the treatment of the vaginal candidiasis. Histopathologic evaluation also supported the effectiveness of the formulation. As a result, in situ gel formulations prepared with Plx 407 and 188 mixture of miconazole nitrate proved to be a promising alternative dosage form for treatment of mucosal candidiasis.
    LATIN AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHARMACY 01/2012; 31(6):821-9.

Publication Stats

608 Citations
100.64 Total Impact Points


  • 2001–2014
    • Ege University
      • • Department of Pathology
      • • Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology
      • • Family Planning Infertility Research and Treatment Center
      Ismir, İzmir, Turkey
  • 2005–2009
    • Celal Bayar Üniversitesi
      • Department of Surgery
      Saruhan, Manisa, Turkey
  • 2008
    • Pamukkale University
      Denisli, Denizli, Turkey
  • 2004
    • Dr. Zekai Tahir Burak Women's Health Research and Education Hospital
      Engüri, Ankara, Turkey