Jiangui He

Sun Yat-Sen University, Shengcheng, Guangdong, China

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Publications (8)29.06 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: AVE 3085 is a novel endothelial nitric oxide synthase enhancer. Although AVE 3085 treatment has been shown to be effective in spontaneously restoring endothelial function in hypertensive rats, little is known about the effects and mechanisms of AVE 3085 with respect to cardiac remodeling. The present study was designed to examine the effects of AVE 3085 on cardiac remodeling and the mechanisms underlying the effects of this compound. Mice were subjected to aortic banding to induce cardiac remodeling and were then administered AVE 3085 (10mgkgday(-1), orally) for 4weeks. At the end of the treatment, the aortic banding-treated mice exhibited significant elevations in cardiac remodeling, characterized by an increase in left ventricular weight relative to body weight, an increase in the area of collagen deposition, an increase in the mean myocyte diameter, and increases in the gene expressions of the hypertrophic markers atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) and β-MHC. These indexes were significantly decreased in the AVE 3085-treated mice. Furthermore, AVE 3085 treatment reduced the expression and activation of the Smad signaling pathway in the aortic banding-treated mice. Our data showed that AVE 3085 attenuated cardiac remodeling, and this effect was possibly mediated through the inhibition of Smad signaling. Copyright © 2015. Published by Elsevier Inc.
    Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics 02/2015; 570. DOI:10.1016/j.abb.2015.02.020 · 3.04 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Previous studies suggest that B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) exerts inhibitory effects on cardiac hypertrophy. Our studies have shown that long-term treatment of rats with BNP attenuated cardiac hypertrophy via down-regulation of TGF- 1 and up-regulation of smad7. However, the mechanisms have not been fully elucidated. In the present study, we examined the role of endogenous BNP on cardiomyocyte hypertrophy and the related molecular mechanisms. Cardiomyocytes from neonatal rats were cultured and a cardiomyocyte hypertrophy model was established with angiotensin II (Ang II). The effects of blockade of endogenous BNP by its receptor antagonist, HS-142-1, on cell hypertrophy were investigated. Cardiomyocyte hypertrophy indices, including cell surface area, protein content and [3H] incorporation were measured. Smad and mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) protein expressions were detected using Western blot analysis. We found that HS-142-1 increased Ang II-stimulated cardiomyocyte hypertrophy and Smad activation. In addition, the increase of cardiomyocyte hypertrophy and the activation of Smad caused by HS-142-1 were not altered by the ERK inhibitor, PD98059, but were decreased by the p38 MAPK inhibitor, SB203580. These results demonstrate that endogenous BNP attenuates cardiomyocyte hypertrophy, and this may be mediated through p38 MAPK/Smad, but not ERK/Smad signaling pathway.
    Pharmazie 11/2014; 69(11). DOI:10.1691/ph.2014.4610 · 1.00 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Accumulating evidence indicates that angiotensin-(1-7) (Ang-(1-7)) offers protective effects against ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) induced arrhythmias and contractile dysfunction, which are related to disturbances of intracellular calcium homeostasis. However, whether or not Ang-(1-7) regulates intracellular calcium in I/R is not clear. To shed light on this issue, we carried out studies with a cellular model of simulated I/R in isolated rat ventricular myocytes and measured calcium transients using laser scanning confocal microscopy. Our results showed that Ang-(1-7) had no effects on the calcium transient in myocytes superfused with normal solution; however, in myocytes of simulated I/R, Ang-(1-7) significantly attenuated the increased diastolic intracellular Ca during reperfusion, restored the decreased peak Ca of calcium transient during ischemia, and reversed the decreased amplitude of calcium transient throughout the I/R periods. Additionally, Ang-(1-7) significantly suppressed the ROS production in I/R, especially during the ischemic phase. These data indicated that Ang-(1-7) affords significant cytoprotective effects via directly improving calcium homeostasis independent of its anti-oxidative action. Most notably, the effects of Ang-(1-7) on intracellular Ca dynamics manifests only in the diseased states, i.e. I/R. This unique property suggests that upregulation of Ang-(1-7) expression and/or activation of the Ang-(1-7)/Mas signaling cascade is a highly desirable strategy for the treatment of myocardial impairment induced by I/R.
    Journal of cardiovascular pharmacology 11/2013; DOI:10.1097/FJC.0000000000000043 · 2.11 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Angiotensin (Ang)-(1-7) exhibits cardioprotective effects in myocardial ischemia reperfusion (I/‌R)-induced injury. However, the roles of oxidation and cyclooxygenase (COX) in the cardioprotection of Ang-(1-7) remain unclear. This study was conducted to investigate whether oxidation and COX were involved in the cardioprotection of Ang-(1-7) against I/‌R-induced injury in isolated rat hearts. The hearts were subjected to 15 min regional ischemia followed by 30 min reperfusion. Myocardial I/‌R treatment induced significant cardiac dysfunction, including ventricular arrhythmia (VA) and a reduction of left ventricular systolic pressure (LVSP), cardiomyocyte apoptosis and oxidative stress, manifesting as an increase in malondialdehyde (MDA) production and a decrease in superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity. Pretreatment of the hearts with 1.0 nmol/‌l Ang-(1-7) for 30 min prior to ischemia considerably attenuated I/‌R-induced VA, apoptosis and MDA production, and enhanced LVSP and SOD activity. These cardioprotective effects of Ang-(1-7) were antagonized by the intraperitoneal injection of 5 mg/‌kg body weight indomethacin (IDM, a COX inhibitor), presenting as an enhancement of VA, apoptosis and MDA production as well as a reduction of LVSP and SOD activity. In conclusion, COX mediated Ang-(1-7)-induced cardioprotection via its antioxidative mechanism.
    Molecular Medicine Reports 11/2011; 4(6):1145-50. DOI:10.3892/mmr.2011.570 · 1.48 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Although short-term B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) treatment has been shown to be effective for decompensated congestive heart failure, little is known about the effects of long-term BNP treatment in ventricular remodeling and heart failure in response to myocardial infarction. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of long-term BNP treatment on ventricular remodeling and heart failure after myocardial infarction in rats. Myocardial infarction was induced by ligating the left anterior descending coronary artery. The surviving rats were randomly divided into four groups: 1) vehicle-treated myocardial infarction group ('vehicle-treated group'), 2) rats treated with low-dose BNP ('low BNP group'), 3) rats treated with high-dose BNP ('high BNP group'), 4) sham-operated group. Eight weeks after the operation, rats were sacrificed. Compared with the sham-operated group, the vehicle-treated group had significantly higher collagen deposition and angiotensin II levels (P<0.01) and a significantly lower cardiac function (P<0.05). Both BNP-treated groups had significant improvement of these indexes compared with the vehicle-treated group (P<0.01). The high BNP group had significantly less collagen deposition and better cardiac function than the untreated and low BNP groups. Moreover, the mRNA and protein expression of TGFbeta1 and Smad2 in the vehicle-treated group was significantly higher than in the sham-operated group (P<0.01). Both BNP-treated groups had a suppression of TGFbeta1 and Smad2 expression (P<0.01). In conclusion, long-term treatment with BNP prevents ventricular remodeling and deterioration of cardiac function in a dose-dependent fashion, a process that may be associated with the inhibition of TGFbeta1/ Smad2 signaling.
    European journal of pharmacology 12/2008; 602(1):132-7. DOI:10.1016/j.ejphar.2008.10.064 · 2.68 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Enhanced external counterpulsation (EECP) is a circulation assist device that may improve endothelial dysfunction by increasing shear stress. Chronic exposure of vascular endothelial cells and vascular smooth muscle cells to relatively high physiological shear stress has antiproliferative and vasoprotective effects. The present study hypothesizes that EECP inhibits intimal hyperplasia and atherogenesis by modifying shear stress-responsive gene expression. Thirty-five male pigs were randomly assigned to 3 groups: high-cholesterol diet (n=11), high-cholesterol diet plus EECP (n=17), and usual diet (control; n=7). The coronary arteries and aortas were collected for histopathological study and immunohistochemical and Western blot analysis. The peak diastolic arterial wall shear stress during EECP increased significantly compared with before EECP (49.62+/-10.71 versus 23.92+/-7.28 dyne/cm2; P<0.001). Intimal hyperplasia was observed in the coronary arteries of the high-cholesterol diet group, whereas in animals receiving EECP, the intima-to-media area ratio was significantly decreased by 41.59% (21.27+/-10.00% versus 36.41+/-16.69%; P=0.008). Hypercholesterolemia attenuated the protein expression of endothelial NO synthase and enhanced the phosphorylation of extracellular signal-regulated kinases 1/2. EECP treatment alleviated these adverse changes. EECP reduces hypercholesterolemia-induced endothelial damage, arrests vascular smooth muscle cell proliferation and migration, decreases proliferating cell nuclear antigen proliferative index, suppresses extracellular matrix formation, and eventually inhibits intimal hyperplasia and the development of atherosclerosis by increasing the arterial wall shear stress, which in turn activates the endothelial NO synthase/NO pathway and probably suppresses extracellular signal-regulated kinases 1/2 overactivation.
    Circulation 08/2007; 116(5):526-34. DOI:10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.106.647248 · 14.95 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The objectives were to study the effects of an ACE inhibitor on the force-frequency relationship (FFR) and its possible mechanism in isolated failing myocytes. Male Wistar rats were randomized into a heart failure group treated with perindopril (CHF-T, 3 mg.kg(-1)d-1), a heart failure group without treatment (CHF-C) and a sham-operated group (PS). Heart failure was induced by constriction of the abdominal aorta. All groups were further followed up for 12 weeks. Left ventricular myocytes were isolated. Cell-shortening fraction (FS) and intracellular calcium transients were measured at different frequency field stimulations. A negative force-frequency relationship (FFR) was found in the CHF-C group compared with the positive-negative biphasic FFR in the PS group, and a flat FFR in the CHF-T group. Intracellular Ca2+ frequency relationships (CaFRs) were positive-negative biphasic in both the PS and CHF-T groups, whereas a negative CaFR was found in the CHF-C group. Regardless of the stimulation frequency, FS significantly correlated with [Ca2+]imax in the PS or CHF-C groups. Compared to the PS group, protein levels of SERCA2 significantly decreased and NCX1 increased in the CHF-C group. In the CHF-T group, these changes were reduced. The ACE inhibitor could improve the impaired FFR of isolated failing myocytes. This effect was possibly mediated via ameliorating the disturbance of CaFR.
    Acta cardiologica 05/2007; 62(2):157-62. · 0.56 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Recent interest in adverse effects of infrasound on organisms arises from health concerns. We assessed the association between infrasound exposure of 5 Hz at 130 dB and changes of cardiac ultrastructure and function in rats. Thirty-two Sprague-Dawley rats were randomized into control, 1, 7, and 14 days groups for 2 h of infrasound once daily according to planned schedules. Changes of cardiac ultrastructure, hemodynamics indices, intracellular Ca(2+) concentrations ([Ca(2+)](i)), and sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca(2+)-ATPase 2 (SERCA2) were detected. Heart rates in 1 day group were significantly increased compared with control group and no significant changes in other groups. Left ventricular systolic pressures were significantly increased with time. Left ventricular diastolic end pressure and maximum rising rates of left ventricular pressure (+dl/dt) were significantly increased in 7 and 14 days groups and not changed in 1 day group, compared with control group. Maximum dropping rates of left ventricular pressure (-dl/dt) were significantly decreased in 7 and 14 days groups and not changed in 1 day group, compared with control group. In heart cells, there were several swelled mitochondria in 1 day group, more swelled mitochondria in 7 days group, platelet aggregation in the intercellular substance in 14 days group. [Ca(2+)](i) were significantly increased with time. There was a significant increase in SERCA2 in 1 day group, while a significant decrease in 7 and 14 days groups, compared with control group. Infrasound of 5 Hz at 130 dB can damage cardiac ultrastructure and function. Changes of [Ca(2+)](i) and SERCA2 play an important role in the secondary cardiac damage.
    Environmental Toxicology 04/2007; 22(2):169-75. DOI:10.1002/tox.20244 · 3.23 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

82 Citations
29.06 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2011
    • Sun Yat-Sen University
      • Department of Cardiovasology
      Shengcheng, Guangdong, China
  • 2007–2008
    • Sun Yat-Sen University of Medical Sciences
      Shengcheng, Guangdong, China