[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Background:In this study, we evaluated the ability of gene expression profiles to predict chemotherapy response and survival in triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC).Methods:Gene expression and clinical-pathological data were evaluated in five independent cohorts, including three randomised clinical trials for a total of 1055 patients with TNBC, basal-like disease (BLBC) or both. Previously defined intrinsic molecular subtype and a proliferation signature were determined and tested. Each signature was tested using multivariable logistic regression models (for pCR (pathological complete response)) and Cox models (for survival). Within TNBC, interactions between each signature and the basal-like subtype (vs other subtypes) for predicting either pCR or survival were investigated.Results:Within TNBC, all intrinsic subtypes were identified but BLBC predominated (55-81%). Significant associations between genomic signatures and response and survival after chemotherapy were only identified within BLBC and not within TNBC as a whole. In particular, high expression of a previously identified proliferation signature, or low expression of the luminal A signature, was found independently associated with pCR and improved survival following chemotherapy across different cohorts. Significant interaction tests were only obtained between each signature and the BLBC subtype for prediction of chemotherapy response or survival.Conclusions:The proliferation signature predicts response and improved survival after chemotherapy, but only within BLBC. This highlights the clinical implications of TNBC heterogeneity, and suggests that future clinical trials focused on this phenotypic subtype should consider stratifying patients as having BLBC or not.British Journal of Cancer advance online publication 7 August 2014; doi:10.1038/bjc.2014.444 www.bjcancer.com.
British Journal of Cancer 08/2014; · 5.08 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Aim
The aim of the present study was to analyze the age of breast cancer patients managed with curative approach at the time of treatment with radiotherapy.
Breast cancer is the most frequent neoplasm in women. Little is known with regard to the age of patients at diagnosis, and some authors have suggested that breast cancer is now affecting women who are younger than before.
Materials and methods
We performed a descriptive study of our series of breast cancer patients from 1998 to 2011. The age of patients, city of residence, year of treatment and uni- or bilateral location were extracted from the administrative database of the Radiation Oncology Department. The demographical and reference populational data were extracted from the Catalan Institute of Statistics.
3382 patients were obtained. The mean age was 57.79 years. No statistical differences were observed in the mean age during the period of study (p > 0.05), nor in patients with bilateral neoplasias with regard to unilateral tumours (p > 0.5). Patients aged less than 30, 40, 50 and 65 years were 0.3%, 6.3%, 27.0% and 69.1%, respectively. The proportion of patients aged less, equal or more than 40 and 50 years was not statistically different.
Breast cancer patients treated with adjuvant radiotherapy after radical surgery have not experienced significant changes in their mean age at treatment. The subgroups of patients that remain out of the mammographic screening programmes were unchanged as well. The observed differences can be explained by demographical disparities and by a probable increase in the indications for adjuvant radiotherapy.
Reports of Practical Oncology and Radiotherapy 07/2014;
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Energy restriction from a low-calorie diet and increased energy expenditure induced by physical activity (PA) could promote weight loss/maintenance and be important determinants of breast cancer (BC) prognosis. The aim of this study was to assess participation and adherence of overweight and obese BC survivors to a lifestyle intervention and to demonstrate the capacity of this intervention to induce weight loss and nutritional changes. This single-arm pre-post study, which involved one-hourly weekly diet sessions delivered by a dietician and 75-min bi-weekly PA sessions of moderate-to-high intensity led by PA monitors, was offered to overweight and obese BC survivors shortly after treatment. Before and after the intervention, anthropometry, dietary information, quality of life (QoL) and cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) were collected. A total of 112 BC survivors were invited to participate: 42 of them started the intervention and 37 completed it. Participants attended more than 90 % of the sessions offered and showed a significant weight loss of 5.6 ± 2.0 kg, as well as significant decreases in body mass index, fat mass and waist circumference. Significant decreases in total energy (-25 %), fat (-35 %), saturated fat (-37 %) and carbohydrate (-21 %) intakes were observed while QoL and CRF showed significant increases. This feasibility study demonstrated the success of a short-term diet and PA intervention to induce weight loss and promote healthful changes in BC survivors. Assessing the long-term effects of these changes, and in particular their possible impact of BC prognosis, and designing interventions reaching a wider number of BC survivors are still issues to be addressed.
Medical Oncology 01/2014; 31(1):783. · 2.14 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: BRCA1-associated breast cancers have been associated to a triple-negative phenotype. The prevalence of BRCA1 germline mutations in young onset TNBC based on informativeness of family history has not been reported.
From January 2008 to May 2009 were collected blood and tumor samples from patients with TNBC younger than 50 years and without a family history of breast and ovarian cancer in first- and second-degree relatives. Analysis of BRCA1 germline mutations was made. Age at diagnosis and informativeness of family history (presence of female in first- and second-degree relatives alive until age 45) was collected in all cases. Immunohistochemistry of basal-like features was performed centrally in all available tumors.
Seven pathogenic mutations were detected in 92 patients (7.6 %), two of them in patients younger than 35 years (28.6 %) (Fisher's exact test, p = 0.631). Three non-classified variants were detected (3.2 %). Family history was informative in two patients with a pathogenic mutation (28.6 %) and not informative in five (71.4 %) (Fisher's exact test, p = 0.121). Of the seven patients with a pathogenic mutation, four had a basal-like phenotype.
Patients with apparently sporadic TNBC younger than 50 years and a non-informative family history are candidates for germline genetic testing of BRCA1.
Clinical and Translational Oncology 08/2013; · 1.28 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Aims:To compare different methods in order to assess adherence and persistence with oral endocrine therapy in women diagnosed with breast cancer (BC) in Catalonia.Materials and methods:This study covered all women newly diagnosed with stage I, II or IIIa BC and positive hormone receptors at six hospitals in Catalonia (Spain) in 2004. Adherence was assessed on the basis of physician report and patient self-report using a telephone questionnaire. Persistence was measured by refill prescriptions. We used the Kappa index to compare adherence measures and logistic regression to evaluate adherence-related risk factors.Results:The study covered a total of 692 women. Adherence ranged from 92% (self-report) to 94.7% (physician report), depending on the measure used; persistence was 74.7% at 5 years of follow-up. Low concordance between measures was observed (Kappa range: 0.018-0.267). Patients aged 50-74 years showed higher adherence than those aged <50 years. Adherence was also associated with: adjuvant chemotherapy and sequential hormonal therapy.Conclusions:Concordance between the different measures was remarkably low, indicating the need for further research. Adherence is an issue in the management of BC patients taking oral drugs, and should be assessed in clinical practice.
British Journal of Cancer 09/2012; 107(8):1249-56. · 5.08 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to assess the impact of adapted ice cream as a dietary supplement on the quality of life (QLQ) of malnourished patients with cancer.
We present an exploratory prospective observational study comparing two patterns of nutrition in cancer patients admitted during the study period who presented malnutrition disorders: adapted ice cream (Group I: 39 patients) and nutritional supplements (Group II: 31 patients). Patients were selected from two different hospitals from the same Oncologic Institute. QLQ was evaluated with the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) and QLQ of the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC QLQ C30). Nutrition was determined by the PG-SGA test.
HADS showed significant differences in anxiety (p = 0.023) and depression (p = 0.011) at the end of the study only in Group I. QLQ-C30 revealed statistically significant differences in baseline measures of global dimension between the two groups (Group I: 40.64-56.36 CI; Group II: 25.70-43.11 CI; p = 0.017). Differences were also present in the social dimension (Group I: 77.42-93.51 CI; Group II: 55.85-82.85 CI; p = 0.039). Statistically significant differences were observed between the two groups at the end of the study in the global scale: Group I had 49.36-63.88 CI and Group II had 33.05-51.88 CI (p = 0.016), and in the fatigue scale: Group I had 36.19-53.83 CI and Group II had mean = 65.87, 52.50-79.23 CI (p = 0.007).
The administration of ice cream could cover, in part, the social aspect of food and improve QLQ in malnourished cancer patients. These results are encouraging and deserve further confirmation.
Clinical and Translational Oncology 01/2012; 14(1):66-72. · 1.28 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A regimen of docetaxel, doxorubicin, and cyclophosphamide (TAC) is superior to a regimen of fluorouracil, doxorubicin, and cyclophosphamide (FAC) when used as adjuvant therapy in women with node-positive breast cancer. The value of taxanes in the treatment of node-negative disease has not been determined.
We randomly assigned 1060 women with axillary-node-negative breast cancer and at least one high-risk factor for recurrence (according to the 1998 St. Gallen criteria) to treatment with TAC or FAC every 3 weeks for six cycles after surgery. The primary end point was disease-free survival after at least 5 years of follow-up. Secondary end points included overall survival and toxicity.
At a median follow-up of 77 months, the proportion of patients alive and disease-free was higher among the 539 women in the TAC group (87.8%) than among the 521 women in the FAC group (81.8%), representing a 32% reduction in the risk of recurrence with TAC (hazard ratio, 0.68; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.49 to 0.93; P=0.01 by the log-rank test). This benefit was consistent, regardless of hormone-receptor status, menopausal status, or number of high-risk factors. The difference in survival rates (TAC, 95.2%; FAC, 93.5%) was not significant (hazard ratio, 0.76; 95% CI, 0.45 to 1.26); however, the number of events was small (TAC, 26; FAC, 34). Rates of grade 3 or 4 adverse events were 28.2% with TAC and 17.0% with FAC (P<0.001). Toxicity associated with TAC was diminished when primary prophylaxis with granulocyte colony-stimulating factor was provided.
As compared with adjuvant FAC, adjuvant TAC improved the rate of disease-free survival among women with high-risk, node-negative breast cancer. (Funded by GEICAM and Sanofi-Aventis; ClinicalTrials.gov number, NCT00121992.).
New England Journal of Medicine 12/2010; 363(23):2200-10. · 54.42 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We report a novel complex mutation that consists of a deletion of 12 bp and an insertion of 2 bp (c.8402_8413del12ins2bp) in the exon 18 of the BRCA2 gene. This is a frameshift mutation that causes a disruption of the translational reading frame resulting in a stop codon downstream in the 2729 position of the BRCA2 protein. The mutation was present in a Spanish hereditary male/female breast cancer family.
Breast Cancer Research and Treatment 03/2010; 123(2):587-90. · 4.47 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To assess the efficacy of exemestane as neoadjuvant treatment, 55 postmenopausal women (mean age: 76 years; range: 66-86) with oestrogen-positive non-metastatic breast tumour and ineligible for conservative surgery were recruited into this phase II trial to receive oral exemestane (25 mg day(-1)) for 6 months. Tumour response was evaluated by clinical examination, mammography and breast ultrasound every 2 months (RECIST criteria). Overall clinical response to treatment was observed in 33/54 patients (61.1%; 95% CI: 48.1-74.0). Radiological responses in 45 evaluable patients were partial response in 23, stable disease in 21 and disease progression in one. Median time to surgery from the commencement of treatment was 7 months; conservative surgery in 24 patients (55.8%) and mastectomy in 19 patients (34.5%); no surgery (patient choice or considered not suitable by attending physician) in 12 patients. Pathologic complete response was observed in breast and axilla in one patient (2.3%) and different forms of persistent disease in 23 (53.5%) patients. Treatment tolerance was good. No patient withdrew from the study because of toxic events. We conclude that exemestane as a primary treatment is feasible and very active in elderly patients with large-sized breast cancer tumour. Conservative surgery is feasible in responding patients. No severe adverse events were detected. The optimal hormonal treatment schedule remains to be determined.
British Journal of Cancer 02/2009; 100(3):442-9. · 5.08 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: In clinical practice, it is possible to classify breast tumors according to estrogen receptor (ER), progesterone receptor (PgR), and HER2 overexpression: ER negative, PgR negative, and HER2 overexpressing; ER negative, PgR negative, and HER2 negative; ER positive, PgR positive, and HER2 negative; ER positive, PgR positive, and HER2 overexpressing; and the less frequent remaining 4 combinations. The aim of this study was to determine the percentage of pathologic complete response (pCR) in patients with locally advanced breast cancer (LABC) treated with neoadjuvant or primary chemotherapy with anthracyclines and taxanes grouped according to ER, PgR, and HER2 status.
Patients with LABC treated with primary chemotherapy including anthracyclines and taxanes were grouped according to ER, PgR, and HER2 status; pCR rates were analyzed using the chi(2) test; and correlations with a P value of < or = 0.05 were considered statistically significant.
A total of 103 patients were treated. Only 100 patients were included for the analysis of pCR. Eighteen patients exhibited pCR. The pCR rate for each subgroup was as follows: 39.1% (9 of 23) had ER-negative, PgR-negative, and HER2-negative disease (P < 0.01); 35.7% (5 of 14) had ER-negative, PgR-negative, and HER2-overexpressing disease; 33.3% (3 of 9) had ER-positive, PgR-positive, and HER2-overexpressing disease; and 2.8% (1 of 36) had ER-positive, PgR-positive, and HER2-negative disease (P < 0.01).
In patients with LABC, grouping breast tumors according to ER, PgR, and HER2 status can help predict pCR to primary chemotherapy.
Clinical Breast Cancer 04/2007; 7(7):559-64. · 2.42 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The aim of the study was to analyse the toxicity and health related quality of life (HRQoL) of breast cancer patients treated with FAC (5-fluorouracil, doxorubicin, cyclophosphamide) and TAC (docetaxel, doxorubicin, cyclophosphamide) with and without primary prophylactic G-CSF (PPG).
This was a phase III study to compare FAC and TAC as adjuvant treatment of high-risk node-negative breast cancer patients. After the entry of the first 237 patients, the protocol was amended to include PPG in the TAC arm due to the high incidence of febrile neutropenia. A total of 1047 evaluable patients from 49 centres in Spain, two in Poland and four in Germany were included in the trial. Side-effects and the scores of the EORTC QLQ-C30 and QLQ BR-23 questionnaires were compared in the three groups (FAC, TAC pre-amendment and TAC post-amendment).
The addition of PPG to TAC significantly reduced the incidence of neutropenic fever, grade 2-4 anaemia, asthenia, anorexia, nail disorders, stomatitis, myalgia and dysgeusia. Patient QoL decreased during chemotherapy, more with TAC than FAC, but returned to baseline values afterwards. The addition of PPG to TAC significantly reduced the percentage of patients with clinically relevant Global Health Status deterioration (10 or more points over baseline value) at the end of chemotherapy (64% versus 46%, P<0.03).
The addition of PPG significantly reduces the incidence of neutropenic fever associated with TAC chemotherapy as well as that of some TAC-induced haematological and extrahaematological side-effects. The HRQoL of patients treated with TAC is worse than that of those treated with FAC but improves with the addition of PPG, particularly in the final part of chemotherapy treatment.
Annals of Oncology 08/2006; 17(8):1205-12. · 7.38 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Although systematic postoperative surveillance of patients with colorectal cancer has been demonstrated to improve survival, it remains unknown whether a more intensive strategy provides any significant advantage. This prospective, multicenter, randomized, controlled trial was aimed at comparing the efficacy of two different surveillance strategies in terms of both survival and recurrence resectability.
Patients with stage II or III colorectal cancer were allocated randomly to either a simple surveillance strategy including clinical evaluation and serum carcinoembryonic antigen monitoring, or an intensive strategy in which abdominal computed tomography or ultrasonography, chest radiograph, and colonoscopy were added.
A total of 259 patients were included: 132 were observed according to the simple strategy and 127 were observed according to the intensive strategy. Both groups were similar with respect to baseline characteristics and rate and type of tumor recurrence. After a median follow-up of 48 months, there was no difference in the probability of overall survival in the whole series (hazard ratio [HR] = 0.87; 95% CI, 0.49 to 1.54; P = .62). However, the intensive strategy was associated with higher overall survival in patients with stage II tumors (HR = 0.34; 95% CI, 0.12 to 0.98; P = .045) and in those with rectal lesions (HR = 0.09; 95% CI, 0.01 to 0.81; P = .03), mainly due to higher rate of resectability for recurrent tumors. Colonoscopy was responsible for the detection of the highest proportion (44%) of resectable tumor recurrence in the intensive arm.
A more intensive surveillance strategy improves the prognosis of patients with stage II colorectal cancer or those with rectal tumors. Inclusion of regular performance of colonoscopy seems justified up to the fifth year of follow-up, at least.
Journal of Clinical Oncology 02/2006; 24(3):386-93. · 18.04 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to assess the toxicity and efficacy of the combination of docetaxel and gemcitabine every 2 weeks as first-line therapy in metastatic breast cancer.
We selected patients between the ages of 18 years and 70 years with a Karnofsky performance status of > or = 60 to receive docetaxel 65 mg/m(2) followed by gemcitabine 2500 mg/m(2) on day 1 every 14 days for 10 cycles. Patients could receive more cycles at the discretion of investigator.
Of the 52 patients entered, 48 were evaluable for efficacy and toxicity. The overall response rate was 75% (95% confidence interval, 60%-86%), with 8 patients (17%) exhibiting a complete response. The median time to progression was 10.7 months, and the median survival was 32.2 months. The predominant grade 3/4 hematologic toxicity was neutropenia (44% of patients), and the predominant grade 3/4 nonhematologic toxicity was asthenia (15% of patients). Other grade 3/4 toxicities, such as anemia, nausea/vomiting, and diarrhea, were present but infrequent (< or = 10% of patients). The relative dose intensities of both drugs were > 88%.
The combination of docetaxel/gemcitabine once every 2 weeks is active and well tolerated in patients with untreated advanced breast carcinoma. This chemotherapy regimen might be useful in advanced breast cancer when anthracycline combinations are not preferred, such as cases previously treated with adjuvant anthracycline chemotherapy.
Clinical Breast Cancer 12/2005; 6(5):433-8. · 2.42 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: This randomised, open-label trial compared oral tegafur (FT)/leucovorin (LV) with the intravenous bolus 5-fluorouracil (5-FU)/LV as first-line chemotherapy for advanced colorectal cancer (CRC). Patients were randomised to receive oral FT 750 mg/m2/day for 21 days and LV 15 mg/m2 every 8 h in cycles repeated every 28 days (n=114), or intravenous LV 20 mg/m2 followed by 5-FU 425 mg/m2 daily for 5 days every 4 weeks for 2 cycles, and later every 5 weeks (n=123). Response rate was significantly higher in the FT/LV arm (27%, 95% CI 19-35) than in the 5-FU/LV arm (13%, 95% CI 7-19) (p<0.004). The median time to progression was 5.9 months (95% CI, 5.3-6.5; FT/LV arm) and 6.2 months (95% CI, 5.4-6.9; 5-FU/LV arm). Median overall survival was 12.4 months (95% CI, 10.3-14.5 months; FT/LV arm) and 12.2 months (95% CI, 8.9-15.7 months; 5-FU/LV arm) (p=n.s.; hazard ratio FT/LV:5-FU/LV=1.02). 5-FU/LV showed a higher incidence of grade 3/4 neutropenia (4.1 vs. 0%). Non-hematological toxicities showed similar incidences in the two treatment arms. Oral FT/LV was more active than IV 5-FU/LV in terms of objective response rate with similar overall survival, and with a favorable toxicity profile. This makes FT/LV a valid alternative to the IV 5-FU schedule in CRC patients.
European Journal of Cancer 10/2005; 41(15):2241-9. · 5.06 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to determine whether the response rate for the paclitaxel-carboplatin combination is superior to carboplatin alone in the treatment of patients with platinum-sensitive recurrent ovarian carcinoma.
Patients with recurrent ovarian carcinoma, 6 months after treatment with a platinum-based regimen and with no more than two previous chemotherapy lines, were randomized to receive carboplatin area under the curve (AUC) 5 (arm A) or paclitaxel 175 mg/m(2) + carboplatin AUC 5 (arm B). The primary end point was objective response, following a 'pick up the winner' design. Secondary end points included time to progression (TTP), overall survival, tolerability and quality of life (QoL).
Eighty-one patients were randomized and included in the intention-to-treat analysis. The response rate in arm B was 75.6% [26.8% complete response (CR) + 48.8% partial response (PR)] [95% confidence interval (CI) 59.7% to 87.6%] and 50% in arm A (20% CR + 30% PR) (95% CI 33.8% to 66.2%). No significant differences were observed in grade 3-4 hematological toxicity. Conversely, mucositis, myalgia/arthralgia and peripheral neurophaty were more frequent in arm B. Median TTP was 49.1 weeks in arm B (95% CI 36.9-61.3) and 33.7 weeks in arm A (95% CI 25.8-41.5). No significant differences were found in the QoL analysis.
Paclitaxel-carboplatin combination is a tolerable regimen with a higher response rate than carboplatin monotherapy in platinum-sensitive recurrent ovarian carcinoma.
Annals of Oncology 06/2005; 16(5):749-55. · 7.38 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to assess the toxicity and efficacy of gemcitabine and docetaxel administered every other week as first-line therapy in metastatic breast cancer. Fifty-one patients with histologically confirmed metastatic breast cancer were enrolled. Patients received docetaxel 65 mg/m(2) followed by gemcitabine 2,500 mg/m(2), both on day 1 of a 14-day cycle, for 10 cycles without granulocyte-colony stimulating factor support. Thirty-five patients were evaluable for toxicity and 32 for efficacy. Median age was 65 years (range, 37 to 72 years), and median performance status was 90 (range, 60 to 100). The number of disease sites was 2 or > or =3 in 39% and 44% of patients, respectively, with visceral involvement in the liver and/or lung in 44% of patients. A total of 45% had received prior adjuvant chemotherapy. So far, 267 cycles have been administered. Twenty-five percent of the docetaxel and gemcitabine doses were reduced or delayed due primarily to neutropenia, giving a median dose intensity of 90% of the planned dose for both drugs. Grade 3/4 toxicities were mainly hematologic, with neutropenia in 46% of patients (two patients experienced neutropenic fever). Other toxicities were asthenia, diarrhea, transaminase elevation, and nausea. Overall response rate was 66% (four complete responses, 17 partial responses), with 22% of patients achieving stable disease. Responses were observed in all disease sites, including lung (60%) as well as liver (37.5%). In conclusion, preliminary evaluation from our phase II study shows that the combination of docetaxel and gemcitabine given every 2 weeks is a tolerable and highly active combination in patients with metastatic breast cancer. These data compare favorably with those obtained with other docetaxel schedules.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A prospective randomized clinical trial was implemented to assess whether the concomitant or the sequential addition of tamoxifen to chemotherapy provides improved clinical benefit in the adjuvant treatment of breast cancer in postmenopausal patients.
Four-hundred and eighty-five patients with node-positive operable disease were randomized to receive tamoxifen (20 mg/day) concomitantly (CON) or sequentially (SEQ) to EC chemotherapy (epirubicin 75 mg/m(2) + cyclophosphamide 600 mg/m(2) on day 1, every 21 days for four cycles).
In the 474 fully evaluable patients there were 96 events; eight being second neoplasms and 88 being related to the breast cancer. Of these, 48 of 88 occurred in the CON arm and 40 of 88 in the SEQ arm. The Kaplan-Meier estimation of disease-free survival (DFS) at 5 years was 70% in the CON and 75% in the SEQ group (log-rank test, P = 0.43). Adjusted hazard ratio for treatment was 1.11 (95% confidence interval 0.71-1.73; P = 0.64).
This study fails to show an advantage of one treatment arm over the other, but a trend, albeit non-significant, appears to favor the sequential addition of tamoxifen to epirubicin + cyclophosphamide and, as such, warrants further investigation.
Annals of Oncology 02/2004; 15(1):79-87. · 7.38 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: This phase II multicentric study evaluates a modified preoperative chemoradiotherapy schedule.
Patients <75 years with potentially resectable neoplasm were eligible. Treatment included an initial course of CDDP 100 mg/m2 (Day 1) and 5-FU CI 5000 mg/m2 (Days 1-5) followed by 45 Gy (Days 28-63) and 5-FU CI 5000 mg/m2 (Days 28-33), CDDP 75 mg/m2 (Day 56) and 5-FU CI 3750 mg/m2 (Days 56-61). Regional lymph nodes were irradiated.
Nineteen patients were studied. Oesophagectomy was performed in 17. Clear margins were achieved in 16 of these. Eight patients showed a pathologic complete response (pCR). One patient died of infection during the preoperative treatment and four died due to acute surgical complications. The study was closed prematurely because of excessive mortality. Median follow-up was 19 months. Local and regional relapse occurred in one and three patients, respectively. Median time and actuarial 3-year of overall survival and progression free rates were 18.6 months and 28%, and 12.7 months and 10.4%, respectively.
This schedule showed a high pCR, resectability and local control rate. Treatment-related mortality limits its clinical applicability, but further investigations are warranted.
European Journal of Surgical Oncology 01/2004; 29(10):884-9. · 2.61 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: This phase II study evaluated the activity of gemcitabine (Gemzar) plus cisplatin (Platinol) as first-line treatment of advanced epithelial ovarian cancer. Forty-two chemonaive patients with advanced (stage III and IV) epithelial ovarian cancer received gemcitabine 1,250 mg/m(2) on days 1 and 8 and cisplatin 100 mg/m(2) on day 1, every 3 weeks, up to eight cycles. The median number of cycles completed was 5 (range 2-8). Of the 41 patients evaluable for tumor response, 20 had a partial response and nine had a complete response, for an overall clinical and pathologic response rate of 70.7% (95% CI 56.8-84.6%). Median overall survival for all 42 patients was 23.4 months (95% CI 15.9-29.9 months) and the median progression-free survival time was 10.4 months (95% CI 9.4-13.5 months). The combination was generally manageable. Hematologic toxicity (grade 3/4 neutropenia: 31.0/21.4%; grade 3/4 thrombocytopenia: 9.5/4.8%; grade 3/4 anemia: 11.9/0%) and nausea and vomiting (grade 3/4: 35.7/31.0%) were the most common toxicities. There was one toxic death (septic shock due to hematologic toxicity-induced infection). We conclude that gemcitabine plus cisplatin is active and feasible as first-line treatment of advanced epithelial ovarian cancer. Further clinical trials with the addition of gemcitabine to first-line treatment appear warranted.