[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Hypercholesterolemia is one of the most common risk factors for Coronary Artery Disease (CAD), which is the leading cause of death worldwide. As Numb is an important regulating factor regarding intestinal cholesterol absorption and plasma cholesterol level, the aim of the present study is to investigate the relationship between human Numb gene polymorphism and cholesterol level in Chinese subjects.
All participants came from the First Affiliated Hospital of Xinjiang Medical University (Male: 1052 and Female: 596), and four tagging SNPs (rs2108552, rs12435797, rs1019075 and rs17781919) of Numb gene were genotyped by using TaqMan(®) assays and analyzed in an ABI 7900HT Fast Real-Time PCR System. Further, general liner model was applied for assessing the relationship between cholesterol level and genotypes.
By analyzing a dominant model, recessive model and an additive model, we have found that SNP rs2108552 was associated with total cholesterol (TC) and low density lipoprotein-cholesterol level (LDL-C) (P = 0.000 and P = 0.007; P =0.042 and P =0.009; P = 0.006 and P = 0.030). C allele of SNP rs17781919 had significantly lower plasma TC level (3.46 ± 0.74 mmol/L vs 4.27 ± 1.1 mmol/L) and LDL-C level (0.98 ± 0.55 mmol/L vs 2.64 ± 0.93 mmol/L) when compared with T allele. Additionally, SNP rs12435797 was associated with TC level and SNP rs1019075 was associated with LDL-C level by analyses of a dominant model, recessive model and an additive model (P = 0.000, P = 0.005 and P = 0.004; P = 0.016, P = 0.008 and P = 0.033). Further, the association of rs2108552, rs12435797, rs1019075 and rs17781919 with aforementioned different kinds of cholesterol levels remained statistically significant after multivariate adjustment of ethnicity, gender, age, smoking and obesity.
Our results indicated that both rs2108552 and rs17781919 in the Numb gene were associated with total cholesterol level and density lipoprotein-cholesterol level in Chinese subjects.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Background
Hypercholesterolemia is a major risk factor for coronary artery disease (CAD). As Numb is an important regulating factor for intestinal cholesterol absorption and plasma cholesterol level, the aim of the present study is to assess the association between human Numb gene polymorphism and CAD among Han and Uighur Chinese.
We have conducted two independent case–control studies in Han Chinese (384 CAD patients and 433 controls) and Uighur Chinese (506 CAD patients and 351 controls) subjects. All subjects were genotyped for four kinds of SNPs (rs12435797, rs2108552, rs1019075 and rs17781919) and SNP is used as a genetic marker for human Numb gene. Genotyping was undertaken using TaqMan SNP genotyping assay, and the subjects’ ethnicity and gender were considered in the analysis.
We found that rs2108552 was associated with CAD in the dominant model (CC vs CG + GG) for the total Han Chinese population (n = 200) and Han Chinese males (n = 115) (P = 0.004 and P = 0.001, respectively). The difference remained statistically significant after multivariate adjustment (total: OR = 1.687, P = 0.004; male: OR = 1.498, P = 0.006). Further, for the total (n = 817) and male (n = 490) Han Chinese, the frequency of the haplotype (T-C-T-C) was significantly higher in the CAD patients than in the controls (P = 0.004 and P = 0.002), and the frequency of the haplotype (G-G-T-C) was significantly lower in the CAD patients than in the control subjects (P = 0.013, P = 0.007). In addition, for the total (n = 857) and male (n = 582) Uighur Chinese, we observed that rs12435797 was associated with CAD in an additive and recessive model (P = 0.021 and P = 0.009; P = 0.048 and P = 0.034). However, the difference did not remain statistically significant after multivariate adjustment. The overall distribution of rs2108552, rs1019075 and rs17781919 genotypes, alleles and the frequency of the haplotype established by four SNPs showed no significant difference between CAD patients and control subjects in the total, male and female Uighur Chinese.
The results of this study indicate that CC genotype of rs2108552 and T-C-T-C haplotypes in Numb gene is a possible risk genetic marker and G allele and G-G-T-C haplotypes is a possible protective genetic marker for CAD in male Han Chinese.
Lipids in Health and Disease 12/2015; 14(1). DOI:10.1186/s12944-015-0102-6 · 2.22 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Background:
Plasminogen activator inhibitor -2 (PAI-2) is an important molecular that plays a crucial role in vascular homeostasis and constitutes a critical response mechanism to cardiovascular injury, such as atherosclerosis, coronary artery disease (CAD).
The aim of the current study was to explore the association between the variants in PAI-2 gene and CAD and its prognoses. The three variants (rs8093048, rs9946657, rs9320032) of the PAI-2 gene were detected in 407 patients with CAD and 518 control subjects. All patients with CAD underwent one-year follow-up for major adverse cardiac events (MACE).
The frequencies of the TT genotype and T allele of rs8093048 was significantly higher in CAD patients than that in control subjects (7.6 % vs.3.5 %, P = 0.003, 28.1 % vs.21.7 %, P < 0.001, respectively). Multifactor logistic regression analysis showed that the TT genotype of rs8093048 was a risk factor for CAD (OR = 1.455, 95 % CI: 1.069-1.980, P = 0.017). In addition, the follow-up data showed that CAD patients with rs8093048 TT genotype had significantly higher rate of refractory angina and MACE than those with CC or CT genotype (P = 0.032, P = 0.009, respectively). Cox regression analysis showed that rs8093048 TT genotype was the risk factor for the MACE (Hazard ratio = 5.672, 95 % CI = 1.992-16.152, P = 0.001).
We firstly found that the variant of PAI-2 gene was associated with CAD and recurrent coronary event risk in Chinese Han population, in Xinjiang.
Lipids in Health and Disease 11/2015; 14(1):148. DOI:10.1186/s12944-015-0150-y · 2.22 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Objective:
An imbalance in sex hormone ratios has been identified in coronary heart disease (CHD), and as a key enzyme in the conversion of androgen to estrogen, aromatase plays an important role in the balance of sex hormone levels. However, there is a paucity of research into the potential roles of aromatase in CHD. In this study, we investigated associations between single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the CYP19 gene, which encodes aromatase, and CHD.
We collected 1706 blood samples from CHD patients and control participants and used propensity score matching techniques to match case and control groups with respect to confounding factors. In a final study population, including 596 individuals, we conducted a case-control study to identify associations between three SNPs in CYP19 and CHD using χ(2) or Fisher exact tests, and binary logistic regression analysis. Differences in lipid levels and parameters of echocardiography among individuals with different genotypes were assessed by one-way analysis of variance.
The distributions of rs2289105 alleles in the CYP19 gene differed significantly between the CHD and control groups (p = 0.014), and the heterozygote CT genotype was associated with a significantly lower risk of CHD compared to the homozygous wild-type CC genotype (p = 0.0063 and odds ratio = 0.575). However, blood lipid levels and echocardiographic parameters among individuals with different genotypes did not differ between the CHD and control groups.
The CT genotype of the rs2289105 polymorphism in the CYP19 gene is associated with a decreased risk of CHD and may be a genetic marker of protection from CHD.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Background:
Flotillin-2, an important protein of vesicular endocytosis, is commonly used as a marker protein for lipid microdomains. It plays an essential role in cellular cholesterol uptake and biliary cholesterol reabsorption. Excessive cholesterol intake could cause dyslipidemia, which is a major risk factor of coronary artery disease (CAD).
To investigate the association between the human flotillin-2 gene polymorphism and CAD in the Chinese Han population.
Materials and methods:
Three single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs; rs10205, rs3816848 and rs8081659) of the flotillin-2 gene were genotyped by real-time polymerase chain reaction in 307 CAD patients and 441 control subjects.
The genotypic distribution of these three SNPs was significantly different between CAD patients and control subjects (all p < 0.05). There were significant differences in the plasma levels of total cholesterol (TC) among different genotypes in the CAD group and control group. For rs3816848, CAD patients with the GG genotype had a higher level of TC than those with an AG or AA genotype (p < 0.001). For rs8081659, CAD patients with TT genotype had a higher level of TC than those with a CT or CC genotype (p < 0.001). Multiple logistic regression analysis showed that the GG genotype of rs3816848 was an independent risk factor for CAD (odds ratio [OR] = 1.786; 95% CI = 1.099-2.902; p = 0.019).
There was a strong association between polymorphisms of flotillin-2 gene and CAD in the Chinese Han population. Persons with the GG genotype of rs3816848 may have a higher risk of CAD. Moreover, the plasma levels of TC were significantly different among the different genotypes of the rs3816848 and rs8081659 SNPs in the CAD group as well as the control group.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Objective:
Proprotein convertase subtilisin-like kexin type 9 (PCSK9) gene E670G Polymorphism has been reported to be associated with coronary artery disease (CAD) and risk factors. However, the results remain controversial. We sought to perform a meta-analysis to investigate the relationships between genetic polymorphisms of E670G in PCSK9 gene and the risk of CAD.
Literature searches were performed to identify all published relevant case-control studies without any language restrictions. Meta-analysis was conducted using the Review Manager software (version 5.2). Heterogeneity was investigated and measured using Cochran's Q-statistic and the inconsistency index (I(2)) test; Crude odds ratios (OR) with their corresponding 95% confidence interval (CI) were calculated.
A total of 5 case-control studies among 871 patients with CAD and 1144 control subjects were included in the meta-analysis. we found a correlation between PCSK9 genetic polymorphisms and increased risk for CAD under all of the genetic model (allele model: OR: 1.56, 95% CI: 1.21-2.01, P < 0.001; dominant model: OR: 1.46, 95% CI: 1.14-1.88, P = 0.003; recessive model: OR: 3.46, 95% CI: 1.19-10.10, P = 0.02; homozygous model: OR: 3.89, 95% CI: 1.35-11.20, P = 0.01; Heterozygous model: OR: 1.43, 95% CI: 1.08-1.92, P = 0.01; respectively).
The results of the meta-analysis indicated that genetic polymorphism of E670G in PCSK9 gene might be involved in pathogenesis of CAD; the 670G carriers may be closely related to the risk of CAD.
International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Medicine 11/2015; 8(8):13251-8. · 1.28 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Objective:
Polymorphisms in the apolipoprotein B (apoB) gene have been reported to be associated with coronary heart disease (CHD). However, the results on this topic are conflicting. The present study aims to derive a more precise estimation of the relationship between CHD and apoB genetic polymorphisms by meta-analysis.
We identified a total of 54 studies involving 7236, 10,912, and 14,102 individuals, respectively, for EcoRI, XbaI, and SpIns/Del polymorphisms by searching in PubMed, Web of Science, Google Scholar, the Cochrane Library, Wanfang Data, SinoMed, and CNKI. We utilized RevMan 5.0 software to perform the meta-analyses.
A significant statistical association between apoB EcoRI polymorphism and CHD was observed under an allelic (p = 0.001, odds ratio (OR) = 1.33, 95% confidence interval (CI) = 1.12-1.57), dominant (p = 0.005, OR = 1.22, 95% CI = 1.06-1.40), and recessive (p = 0.04, OR = 1.33, 95% CI = 1.01-1.74) model. We also found similar association of apoB SpIns/Del polymorphism with CHD. However, we did not find association between apoB XbaI polymorphism and CHD.
The current meta-analysis found an association of EcoRI polymorphism and SpIns/Del polymorphism with an increased risk of CHD. No significant association between apoB XbaI polymorphism and CHD we observed in the present study.
Journal of Renin-Angiotensin-Aldosterone System 11/2015; DOI:10.1177/1470320315615047 · 2.40 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Type A acute aortic dissection is a life-threatening vascular emergency because of its high morbidity and mortality. Platelet is a pivotal ingredient involved in the development of acute aortic dissection. In this study, we aimed to investigate whether mean platelet volume (MPV)/platelet count ratio predicts in-hospital complications and long-term mortality in type A acute aortic dissection. In this single-center and prospective cohort study, 106 consecutive patients with Stanford type A acute aortic dissection admitted to the hospital within 12 h after onset were recruited. The best cut-off value of MPV/platelet count ratio predicting all-cause mortality was determined by the receiver operator characteristic analysis. Patients were divided into high (H-MPV/platelet count) and low (L-MPV/platelet count) groups based on the cut-off value of 7.49 (10 fl/10/l). Patients were followed up for 3.5 years. Of the 106 acute aortic dissection patients, 71 (67.0%) died during the study period, with a median follow-up duration of 570 days. Compared to the L-MPV/platelet count group, patients with H-MPV/platelet count had a higher risk of in-hospital complications including hypotension, hypoxemia, myocardial ischemia/infarction, conscious disturbance, pericardial tamponade, paraplegia, and poor survival (all P < 0.05). In multivariable Cox regression models adjusted for potential confounders, MPV/platelet count ratio was positively associated with the hazard of all-cause mortality, irrespective of interventions either with medication only or urgent surgery, and the hazard ratios were 2.81 (95% confidence interval 1.28-4.48) for the H-MPV/platelet count group when taking L-MPV/platelet count group as the reference (P = 0.005). The MPV/platelet count ratio was a strong independent predictor for in-hospital complications and long-term mortality in patients with type A acute aortic dissection.
Blood Coagulation and Fibrinolysis 11/2015; DOI:10.1097/MBC.0000000000000449 · 1.40 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Background:
The prevalence and risk factors of congenital heart disease among Xinjiang, northwestern part of China is currently unknown.
This multiple-ethnic, community-based, cross-sectional study was conducted to estimate the prevalence and distribution of congenital heart disease (CHD) in Xinjiang, northwestern part of China. Four major ethnics, Uygur, Han, Kazak, and Hui children in this region were investigated during February 2010 and May 2012.
A total of 14,530 children (0-18 yr) were examined. Of these children, 240 (boys, 43.8%, and girls, 56.3%) were identified with CHD, giving an overall prevalence of 16.5‰ (17.7‰ in Uygur, 6.9‰ in Han, 11.4‰ in Kazak, and 38.1‰ in Hui Chinese, respectively). Ventricular septal defect (VSD, 29.2%), atrial septal defect (ASD, 20.8%), patent ductus arteriosus (PDA, 13.7%), acleistocardia (13.7%), Bicuspid aortic valve (7.9%), pulmonary valve stenosis (5.4%), and tetralogy of fallot (TOF, 4.2%) were common cyanotic and cyanotic defects observed. Compared to non-CHD children, children with CHD had a higher percentage of history of abortion, CHD history of family, consanguinity and premature birth (all P<0.05). In CHD children, 24% of mothers caught a cold, 10% had a febrile illness and 6.7% received antibiotic treatment during the first trimester of pregnancy, that were higher than non-CHD group (all P<0.05).
The overall prevalence of CHD in four ethnic children at ages 0-18 yr in Xinjiang was 16.5‰. VSD, ASD and TOF were the most common acyanotic and cyanotic congenital heart defects, respectively. This study also identified some modifiable risk factors that may contribute to the incidence of CHD among the 4 ethnic groups.
PLoS ONE 08/2015; 10(8):e0133961. DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0133961 · 3.23 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Impaired myocardial reperfusion, defined angiographically by myocardial blush grade (MBG) 0 or 1, is associated with adverse clinical outcomes in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of admission mean platelet volume (MPV) on the myocardial reperfusion and 30-day all-cause mortality in patients with STEMI with successful epicardial reperfusion after primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). A total of 453 patients with STEMI who underwent primary PCI within 12 h of symptoms onset and achieved thrombolysis in myocardial infarction (TIMI) 3 flow at infarct-related artery after PCI were enrolled and divided into two groups based on postinterventional MBG: those with MBG 2/3 and those with MBG 0/1. Admission MPV was measured before coronary angiography. The primary endpoint was all-cause mortality at 30 days. MPV was significantly higher in patients with MBG 0/1 than in patients with MBG 2/3 (10.38 ± 0.98 vs. 9.59 ± 0.73, P < 0.001). The cumulative 30-day all-cause mortality rate was significantly higher in the groups with high MPV and MBG 0/1 (6.8 vs. 1.5%, P = 0.005, 7.6 vs. 1.9%, P = 0.006, respectively). Multivariate logistic regression analysis demonstrated MPV was independently associated with postinterventional impaired myocardial reperfusion (odds ratio 2.684, 95% confidence interval 2.010-3.585, P < 0.001) and 30-day all-cause mortality (hazard ratio 1.763, 95% confidence interval 1.009-3.079, P = 0.046). Increased MPV on admission is an independent predictor of impaired myocardial reperfusion and short-term mortality in patients with STEMI with successful epicardial reperfusion after primary PCI. Admission MPV may be additive to conventional risk factors in patients with STEMI undergoing PCI.
Blood coagulation & fibrinolysis: an international journal in haemostasis and thrombosis 08/2015; 66(16). DOI:10.1097/MBC.0000000000000388 · 1.40 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Lately, there is accumulating evidence that the Wnt/Frizzled pathway is reactivated after myocardial infarction, the inhibition of the pathway is beneficial since it reduce of myocardial apoptosis and prevents heart failure. FrzA/Sfrp-1, a secreted frizzled-related protein and antagonist for the wnt/frizzled pathway. We assessed the hypothesis that FrzA protects cardiomyocytes from H2O2-Induced Oxidative damage through the inhibition of Wnt/Frizzled pathway activity.
We used a recombinant AAV9 vector to deliver FrzA gene into neonatal rat ventricle myocytes and developed an oxidative stress model using H2O2. The cell vitality was measured by MTT colorimetric assay. Western blot and RT-PCR were used to evaluate the expressions of Dvl-1, β-catenin, c-Myc, Bax and Bcl-2. Flow cytometry analysis of cardiomyocytes apoptosis.
We confirmed that Wnt/frizzled pathway is involved in H2O2-induced apoptosis in cardiomyocytes. Compared with controls, H2O2 induced the upregulation of Dvl-1, β-catenin, and c-Myc. FrzA suppressed the expression of Dvl-1, β-catenin, c-Myc and the activity of the Wnt/frizzled pathway. Furthermore, FrzA over-expression decreased the apoptotic rate, and the Bax/Bcl-2 ratio in cardiomyocytes treated with H2O2.
FrzA, through the inhibition of Wnt/Frizzled pathway activity reduced H2O2-induced cardiomyocytes apoptosis and could be a potential therapeutic target for prevention of cardiac oxidative damage.
Lipids in Health and Disease 08/2015; 14(1):90. DOI:10.1186/s12944-015-0088-0 · 2.22 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Recent studies in cancer have demonstrated that cancerous tissues have a significantly higher MALAT1 level than in noncancerous tissues. Overexpression of MALAT1 is associated with susceptibility to lymph node metastasis. This meta-analysis collected all relevant articles and explored the association of MALAT1 expression levels with lymph node metastasis in patients with carcinoma. Literature collections were conducted by searching electronic databases PubMed, Cochrane Library, Web of Science (up to January 20, 2015). The odds ratio (OR) and its corresponding 95% confidence interval (CI) were calculated to assess the strength of the association by using RevMan5.1 software. A total of 573 patients from 5 studies were included in this meta-analysis. The results showed lymph node metastasis occurred more frequently in patients with high MALAT1 expression group than in patients with low MALAT1 expression group (OR = 2.64, 95% CI 1.06-6.56, P = 0.04 random-effects model). This meta-analysis demonstrated that overexpression of MALAT1 is significantly associated with lymph node metastasis in carcinoma patients.
International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Medicine 07/2015; 8(5):7648-54. · 1.28 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Adeno-associated virus (AAV) has become one of the most promising gene transfer tools for gene therapy. This work aimed to evaluate tropism, gene transfer efficiency and safety of AAV9 vectors produced with recombinant baculovirus (rBac)-based system. AAV9-CMV-GFP and AAV9-CBA-GFP were produced using a rBac system, 1×10(11) particles of each vectors were administered (i.v.) into mice and animal were killed at 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 and 8 weeks after administration. GFP expression in different organs was analyzed by fluorescence imaging and Western blot. Viral genomic quantities were measured using qPCR. In vitro transduction efficiency of AAV9 vectors in primary cardiomyocytes and hepatocytes was determined by flow cytometry. Toxicity of AAV9 vectors was evaluated by determining certain cardiac and liver injury biomarkers and renal function test in vivo and TUNEL analysis in vitro. Our data showed that AAV9 viral particles packaged by the rBac system were fully functional in vivo and in vitro. CMV promoter predominantly induced higher cardiac GFP transgene expression and DNA copy numbers while CBA promoter resulted in robust GFP expression and high vector DNA copy numbers in mouse liver, both in a time-dependent increased manner. Such distinct preferential effects were also observed in the heart and liver as early as 3 and 5 days after co-infection. Both AAV9-CMV and AAV9-CBA viral package did not induce heart, liver and renal damage and cell apoptosis. These results indicated that AAV9-CMV can efficiently and safely direct cardiac gene transfer, whereas AAV9-CBA is preferential for liver gene delivery. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
Clinical and Experimental Pharmacology and Physiology 07/2015; 42(10). DOI:10.1111/1440-1681.12453 · 2.37 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Inflammation and thrombosis are involved in the progression of acute aortic dissection (AD). A novel simplified thrombo-inflammatory prognostic score (sTIPS), based on white blood cell count (WBC) and mean platelet volume (MPV) to platelet count (PC) ratio (MPV/PC ratio), was assessed for its ability to predict adverse clinical outcomes in type A acute aortic dissection (AAD). One hundred and six patients with newly diagnosed AAD were included in the study. Simplified thrombo-inflammatory prognostic scores ranged from 0 to 2. Kaplan–Meier curves and multivariable Cox regression analyses were used to investigate the associations between sTIPS and adverse outcomes. Of 106 AAD patients, 71 (67.0%) died during the study period, with a median follow-up duration of 570 days. Compared with those with low sTIPS, patients with higher sTIPS had higher rates of in-hospital complications (all P < 0.05). In multivariable Cox regression models adjusted for potential confounders, sTIPS was positively associated with the hazard of all-cause mortality. For those with sTIPS scores of 0, 1, and 2, the multivariable-adjusted hazard ratios (95% confidence intervals) for mortality were 1.0 (ref.), 2.28 (1.23–4.21) ( P = 0.008), and 5.26 (1.93–9.40) ( P < 0.001), respectively. Subgroup analysis showed sTIPS was also positively associated with the hazard of all-cause mortality in patients with either medication only or urgent surgery. Simplified thrombo-inflammatory prognostic score, a combined inflammatory-thrombotic score, was a strong independent predictor for long-term adverse outcomes in patients with AAD.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Coronary artery disease (CAD) is the most common chronic inflammatory disease worldwide. NF-κB, a central regulator of inflammation, is involved in various inflammatory diseases. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between NFKB1 and NFKBIA polymorphisms and the susceptibility to CAD and their impact on plasma levels of IL-6 in a Chinese Uygur population.
We genotyped NFKB1-94ins/del ATTG (rs28362491) and NFKBIA3' UTR A/G (rs696) using TaqMan SNP genotyping assays in 960 Uygur CAD cases and Uygur 1060 CAD-negtive controls. IL-6 plasma levels were measured in 360 stable angina pectoris (SAP) cases and 360 controls using ELISA method.
There was no significant difference in the distribution of the genotypes and alleles of rs696 polymorphism in CAD cases and controls. Significant difference in the frequency of genotypes (P = 0.001) and alleles (P = 0.001) of rs28362491 polymorphism was observed in CAD cases compared to controls. In multivariate logistic regression analysis, SNP rs28362491 was consistently associated with CAD risk in a recessive model after adjustment for cardiovascular risk factors (OR = 1.581, 95% CI 1.222 to 2.046, P<0.001). SAP cases had significantly higher plasma levels of IL-6 compared to controls (P<0.001). General linear model analysis showed rs28362491 was independently associated with increased IL-6 levels by analyses of a recessive model (P<0.001) after adjustment for covariates.
Our study indicates that NFKB1-94 ins/del ATTG polymorphism may play a role in CAD susceptibility in Chinese Uygur population and is functionally associated with IL-6 expression, suggesting a mechanistic link between NFKB1-94 ins/del ATTG polymorphism and CAD susceptibility.
PLoS ONE 06/2015; 10(6):e0129144. DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0129144 · 3.23 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Valvular calcification occurs via ongoing endothelial injury associated with inflammation. IL-10 is an anti-inflammatory cytokine and 75% of the variation in IL-10 production is genetically determined. However, the relationship between genetic polymorphisms of IL-10 and valvular calcification has not been studied. The objective of this study was to investigate the association between valvular calcification and IL-10 genetic polymorphisms in the Han, Uygur and Kazak populations in China.
All of the participants were selected from subjects participating in the Cardiovascular Risk Survey (CRS) study. The single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) rs1800871 and rs1800872 of the IL-10 gene were genotyped using the polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) method. Three independent case-control studies involving the Han population, the Uygur population and the Kazak population were used in the analysis.
For the Han and Kazak populations, rs1800871 was found to be associated with valvular calcification in the recessive model, and the difference remained statistically significant following multivariate adjustment (p<0.001, p=0.031, respectively). For the Han, Uygur and Kazak populations, rs1800872 was found to be associated with valvular calcification in the dominant model, and the difference remained statistically significant following multivariate adjustment (p<0.001, p=0.009, and p=0.023,respectively).
Both rs1800871 and rs1800872 of the IL-10 gene are associated with valvular calcification in the Han and Kazak populations in China. Rs1800872 is also associated with valvular calcification in the Uygur population.
PLoS ONE 06/2015; 10(6):e0128965. DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0128965 · 3.23 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Previous studies suggested the single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) of COX-2 -765G>C (rs20417) is associated with coronary artery disease (CAD), but the results were conflicting. In order to derive a more precise estimation of the associations, we performed a meta-analysis of the relationship between rs20417 and CAD in all published studies.
Databases including PubMed, Web of Science, Wanfang, SinoMed and CNKI were systematically searched. Data were extracted using standardized methods. The association was assessed by odds ratio (OR) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs).The statistical tests were performed using Review Manager 5.3.3 and Stata 12.0 software.
We identified a total of 14 studies involving a total of 18227 subjects. The pooled odds ratio (OR) for the association between COX-2 -765G>C and CAD and its corresponding 95% confidence interval (95% CI) were evaluated by random or fixed effect model. A significant statistical association between COX-2 -765G>C and CAD was observed in an allelic model (P=0.02, OR=0.64, 95% CI: 0.43-0.94), dominant model (P=0.04, OR=0.74, 95% CI: 0.56-0.99), and recessive model (P=0.02, OR=0.46, 95% CI: 0.23-0.90).
This meta-analysis suggested that COX-2 -765G>C is a protective for CAD.
International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Medicine 05/2015; 8(5):7412-8. · 1.28 Impact Factor