Jozef Bartunek

OLV Ziekenhuis Aalst, Alost, Flemish, Belgium

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Publications (224)1815.33 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: This study sought to define the additional effective radiation dose, procedural time, and contrast medium needed to obtain fractional flow reserve (FFR) measurements after a diagnostic coronary angiogram. The FFR measurements performed at the end of a diagnostic angiogram allow the obtaining of functional information that complements the anatomic findings. In 200 patients (mean age 66 +/- 10 years) undergoing diagnostic coronary angiography, FFR was measured in at least 1 intermediate coronary artery stenosis. Hyperemia was achieved by intracoronary (n = 180) or intravenous (n = 20) adenosine. The radiation dose (mSv), procedural time (min), and contrast medium (ml) needed for diagnostic angiography and FFR were recorded. A total of 296 stenoses (1.5 +/- 0.7 stenoses per patient) were assessed. The additional mean radiation dose, procedural time, and contrast medium needed to obtain FFR expressed as a percentage of the entire procedure were 30 +/- 16% (median 4 mSv, range 2.4 to 6.7 mSv), 26 +/- 13% (median 9 min, range 7 to 13 min), and 31 +/- 16% (median 50 ml, range 30 to 90 ml), respectively. The radiation dose and contrast medium during FFR were similar after intravenous and intracoronary adenosine, though the procedural time was slightly longer with intravenous adenosine (median 11 min, range 10 to 17 min, p = 0.04) than with intracoronary adenosine (median 9 min, range 7 to 13 min). When FFR was measured in 3 or more lesions, radiation dose, procedural time, and contrast medium increased. The additional radiation dose, procedural time, and contrast medium to obtain FFR measurement are low as compared to other cardiovascular imaging modalities. Therefore, the combination of diagnostic angiography and FFR measurements is warranted to provide simultaneously anatomic and functional information in patients with coronary artery disease.
    JACC. Cardiovascular Interventions 08/2010; 3(8):821-7. DOI:10.1016/j.jcin.2010.06.006 · 7.44 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate the effect of thrombus aspiration in a real-world all-comer patient population with STEMI undergoing primary PCI. Catheter thrombus aspiration in primary PCI was beneficial in randomized clinical trials. We enrolled 313 STEMI patients presenting with TIMI Flow Grade 0 or 1 in the infarct related artery at baseline angiogram undergoing primary PCI. PATIENTS were divided in two groups based on whether thrombus aspiration was attempted. This decision was left at operator's discretion. Procedural and long-term clinical outcomes were compared between the two groups. Baseline characteristics were similar between groups: 194 (62%) received thrombus aspiration and 119 underwent conventional PCI. Thrombus aspiration was associated with significantly lower post-PCI TIMI Frame Count values (19 +/- 15 vs. 25 +/- 17; P = 0.002) and higher TIMI Flow Grade 3 (92% vs. 73%; P < 0.001). Postprocedural myocardial perfusion assessed by myocardial blush grade (MBG) was significantly increased in the thrombus aspiration group (MBG 3: 44% vs. 21%; P < 0.001). No significant difference was found between the two groups in clinical outcome at 30 days. At one year, patients treated with thrombus aspiration showed significantly higher overall survival (HR 0.41, 95% CI 0.20-0.81; log-rank P = 0.010) and MACE-free survival (HR 0.49, 95% CI 0.28-0.85; log-rank P = 0.011). In real-world all-comer STEMI patients with occluded infarct-related artery, thrombus aspiration prior to PCI improves coronary flow, myocardial perfusion, and long-term clinical outcome as compared with PCI in the absence of thrombus aspiration.
    Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions 07/2010; 76(1):70-6. DOI:10.1002/ccd.22465 · 2.40 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Heart failure with preserved left ventricular ejection fraction and abnormal diastolic function is commonly observed after recovery from an acute myocardial infarction. The aim of this study was to investigate the physiopathology of heart failure with preserved ejection fraction in a model of healed myocardial infarction in dogs. Echocardiography, levels of neurohormones and conductance catheter measurements of left ventricular pressure-volume relationships were obtained in 17 beagle dogs 2 months after a coronary artery ligation, and in 6 controls. Healed myocardial infarction was associated with preserved echocardiographic left ventricular ejection fraction (0.57 +/- 0.01, mean +/- SEM) and altered Doppler mitral indices of diastolic function. NT-proBNP was increased, aldosterone was decreased, and norepinephrine was unchanged. Invasive measurements showed a markedly decreased end-systolic elastance (2.1 +/- 0.2 vs 6.1 +/- 0.8, mmHg/ml, p < 0.001) and end-systolic elastance to effective arterial elastance ratio (0.6 +/- 0.1 vs 1.4 +/- 0.2, p < 0.001), with altered active relaxation (dP/dtmin -1992 +/- 71 vs -2821 +/- 305, mmHg/s, p < 0.01) but preserved left ventricular capacitance (70 +/- 6 vs 61 +/- 3, ml at 20 mmHg, p = NS) and stiffness constant. Among echocardiographic variables, the wall motion score index was the most reliable indicator of cardiac contractility while E', E/A and E'/A' were correlated to dP/dtmin. In the canine model of healed myocardial infarction induced by coronary ligation, heart failure is essentially characterized by an altered contractility with left ventricular-arterial uncoupling despite vascular compensation rather than by abnormal diastolic function.
    BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 06/2010; 10:32. DOI:10.1186/1471-2261-10-32 · 1.50 Impact Factor
  • Jozef Bartunek
    Biomarkers in Medicine 06/2010; 4(3):339-40. DOI:10.2217/bmm.10.62 · 2.86 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The initial evaluation of chest pain in the emergency department is based on the patient's clinical history, changes in the ECG and necrosis biomarkers. Although management of patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction or non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction with positive markers of myocardial damage is well defined, exclusion of coronary artery disease or myocardial ischemia in the remaining patients is more challenging. This group represents the majority of patients admitted for chest pain syndromes and that have a substantial risk of an adverse outcome. Given that troponin, as a marker of myocardial damage, detects terminal events in the cascade of acute coronary syndrome, there is a need to search for biomarkers that are able to identify patients at high risk, allowing rapid, bedside stratification. Data suggest that clinical events are prone to occur more frequently in patients with coronary artery stenosis associated with myocardial ischemia. Accordingly, identification of systemic biomarkers of ischemia could facilitate identification of high-risk patients with a high burden of coronary atherosclerosis and plaque rupture. We describe six biomarkers that have been linked to myocardial ischemia. Until now, these biomarkers of ischemia are relevant in order to exclude ischemic heart disease (high negative predictive value) but still lack specificity. Future prospective studies should be performed in larger and more diverse sets of patients presenting with ischemia, and in a complementary fashion in order to provide valuable tools for clinical decision making.
    Biomarkers in Medicine 06/2010; 4(3):375-83. DOI:10.2217/bmm.10.59 · 2.86 Impact Factor
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    Heart (British Cardiac Society) 05/2010; 96(10):792-800. DOI:10.1136/hrt.2007.139394 · 6.02 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of the present study was to diagnose heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFPEF) in outpatients with unexplained chronic dyspnea and to elucidate its underlying mechanisms in this population using invasive pressure-volume loop analysis. The diagnosis of HFPEF in stable outpatients with unexplained dyspnea is difficult. Thirty patients (age 67 +/- 8.6 years, 27% males) with preserved left ventricular (LV) ejection fraction (>50%) and unexplained chronic New York Heart Association functional class II to III dyspnea underwent heart catheterization. Patients with significant coronary artery stenosis (>50%) were excluded. Pressure-volume loops were assessed using a conductance catheter at rest, hand-grip exercise, leg lifting, and nitroprusside and dobutamine infusion. Twenty (66%) patients showed LV end-diastolic pressure >16 mm Hg (HFPEF), whereas the remaining 10 patients served as controls. Patients with HFPEF had significantly higher end-diastolic stiffness (0.205 +/- 0.074 vs. 0.102 +/- 0.017, p < 0.001) at rest, and their end-diastolic pressure-volume relationship showed a consistent upward and leftward shift during all hemodynamic interventions compared with controls. Regarding the underlying mechanism of HFPEF, 14 (70%) patients had markedly increased end-diastolic stiffness, which was considered a sufficient single pathology to induce increased LV end-diastolic pressure. Four (20%) patients showed a concomitant presence of moderately increased stiffness and severe LV dyssynchrony, and the remaining 2 (10%) patients, with normal stiffness, showed significant exercise-induced mitral regurgitation at hand-grip exercise. If the invasive pressure measurements were absent, only 5 (25%) of the outpatients with HFPEF fulfilled the European Society of Cardiology definition of HFPEF. A significant proportion of stable outpatients with unexplained chronic dyspnea may have HFPEF. In the patients whom we studied, increased LV stiffness, dyssynchrony, and dynamic mitral regurgitation were the major mechanisms underlying development of HFPEF.
    Journal of the American College of Cardiology 04/2010; 55(16):1701-10. DOI:10.1016/j.jacc.2009.11.076 · 15.34 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The mature, biologically active 32-amino acid long B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP(1-32)), is cleaved by corin from the BNP prohormone. Recent data demonstrated that BNP(1-32) might be an ideal substrate for the endogenous aminopeptidase, dipeptidyl-peptidase (DPP) IV. DPP IV removes the two amino-terminal amino acids (Ser and Pro) from BNP(1-32) to produce BNP(3-32), which has been detected in plasma of patients with heart failure. In a canine model, intravenous BNP(3-32) infusion resulted in less natriuresis, diuresis and vasodilation compared to intravenous infusion of BNP(1-32). The clinical relevance of these observations may be important for patients with high plasma BNP concentrations, which can be measured by commercially available immunoassays. Further studies are needed to explore whether DPP IV inhibitors increase the bioavailability of BNP(1-32), delay the progression of heart failure and increase the efficacy of exogenously administered BNP(1-32) in decompensated heart failure.
    Biomarkers in Medicine 04/2010; 4(2):315-20. DOI:10.2217/bmm.10.5 · 2.86 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The influence of atherosclerosis and its risk factors on coronary microvascular function remain unclear as current methods of assessing microvascular function do not specifically test the microcirculation in isolation. We examined the influence of epicardial vessel atherosclerosis on coronary microvascular function using the index of myocardial resistance (IMR). IMR (a measure of microvascular function) and fractional flow reserve (FFR, a measure of the epicardial compartment) were measured in 143 coronary arteries (116 patients). Fifteen patients (22 arteries, mean age 48+/-16 years) had no clinical evidence of atherosclerosis (control group). One hundred and one patients (121 arteries, mean age 63+/-11 years) had established atherosclerosis and multiple cardiovascular risk factors (atheroma group). Mean IMR in the control group (19+/-5, range 8-28) was significantly lower than in the atheroma group (25+/-13, range 6-75) (P<0.01). However, there was large overlap between IMR in both groups, with 69% of IMR values in patients with atheroma being within the control range. Mean FFR was also higher in the control group (0.96+/-0.02, range 0.93-1.00) than in the atheroma group (0.85+/-0.14, range 0.19-1.00) (P<0.01). There was no correlation between IMR and FFR (r=0.09; P=0.24), even when results in the control (r=0.02; P=0.92) and atheroma (r=0.15; P=0.10) groups were analysed in isolation. Using stepwise multiple regression analysis presence/absence of atheroma (ss=0.42; P=0.02) was the only independent determinant of IMR. Mean IMR is higher in patients with epicardial atherosclerosis. However, there is a large overlap between IMR in patients with and without epicardial atherosclerosis.
    EuroIntervention: journal of EuroPCR in collaboration with the Working Group on Interventional Cardiology of the European Society of Cardiology 04/2010; 5(8):939-45. DOI:10.4244/EIJV5I8A158 · 3.76 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to investigate the correlation between myocardial ischemia detected by myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI) with single-photon emission computed tomography with intracoronary pressure-derived fractional flow reserve (FFR) in patients with multivessel coronary disease at angiography. Myocardial perfusion imaging can underestimate the number of ischemic territories in patients with multivessel disease. However, there are limited data comparing MPI and FFR, a highly accurate functional index of myocardial ischemia, in multivessel coronary disease. Sixty-seven patients (201 vascular territories) with angiographic 2- or 3-vessel coronary disease were prospectively scheduled to undergo within 2 weeks MPI (rest/stress adenosine) and FFR in each vessel. In 42% of patients, MPI and FFR detected identical ischemic territories (mean number of territories 0.9 +/- 0.8 for both; p = 1.00). In the remaining 36% MPI underestimated (mean number of territories; MPI: 0.46 +/- 0.6, FFR: 2.0 +/- 0.6; p < 0.001) and in 22% overestimated (mean number of territories; MPI: 1.9 +/- 0.8, FFR: 0.5 +/- 0.8; p < 0.001) the number of ischemic territories in comparison with FFR. There was poor concordance between the ability of the 2 methods to detect myocardial ischemia on both a per-patient (kappa = 0.14 [95% confidence interval: -0.10 to 0.39]) and per-vessel (kappa = 0.28 [95% confidence interval: 0.15 to 0.42]) basis. Myocardial perfusion imaging with single-photon emission computed tomography has poor concordance with FFR and tends to underestimate or overestimate the functional importance of coronary stenosis seen at angiography in comparison with FFR in patients with multivessel disease. These findings might have important consequences in using MPI to determine the optimal revascularization strategy in patients with multivessel coronary disease.
    JACC. Cardiovascular Interventions 03/2010; 3(3):307-14. DOI:10.1016/j.jcin.2009.12.010 · 7.44 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The field of myocardial regeneration (angiogenesis and myogenesis) might prove to play an important role in the future management of cardiovascular disease. Stem cells are currently undergoing testing in Phase I and Phase II clinical trials. Methods of delivery will affect the outcome of such therapies, perhaps significantly. This document provides suggested guidance in 4 methods of delivery: endocardial, intracoronary, coronary sinus, and epicardial. (J Am Coll Cardiol Inty 2010;3:265-75) (C) 2010 by the American College of Cardiology Foundation
    JACC. Cardiovascular Interventions 03/2010; 3(3):265-75. DOI:10.1016/j.jcin.2009.12.013 · 7.44 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Platelet reactivity is greater in patients with stable angina and with more extensive peripheral vascular atherosclerosis. We sought to evaluate whether impaired peripheral microcirculatory endothelial function might correlate with platelet reactivity after clopidogrel and therefore predispose to an unfavorable outcome after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). In 52 consecutive patients with stable angina undergoing elective PCI, endothelial function was assessed by (1) endothelial peripheral arterial tonometry (measuring the "Endoscore"); (2) the von Willebrandt factor antigen level and ristocetin co-factor activity. Basal platelet reactivity was assessed by soluble P-selectin. Patients then received a 600-mg clopidogrel loading dose > or = 12 hours before PCI. A blood sample was withdrawn 12 hours later, but before PCI, to assess platelet reactivity using the P2Y12 reaction unit and percentage of P2Y12 inhibition with the point-of-care VerifyNow P2Y12 assay. Troponin T was assessed 24 hours after PCI. The Endoscore inversely correlated with von Willebrandt factor antigen activity (r = -0.52, p = 0.0001) and soluble P-selectin concentration (r = -0.36, p = 0.021), suggesting greater platelet reactivity with increased impaired endothelial function. After clopidogrel, the Endoscore correlated directly with the percentage of P2Y12 inhibition (r = 0.36, p = 0.009) and inversely with the P2Y12 reaction unit (r = -0.41, p = 0.002), suggesting greater residual platelet reactivity with more impaired endothelial function. The average Endoscore was significantly lower in patients with troponin T elevation (troponin positive group 0.267 + or - 0.091) than in patients without troponin T elevation (troponin negative group 0.508 + or - 0.041, p = 0.015 vs troponin positive). In conclusion, an impaired endothelial response before clopidogrel was associated with greater platelet reactivity after clopidogrel. This link might explain the unfavorable PCI outcomes in patients with more severe endothelial impairment.
    The American journal of cardiology 02/2010; 105(3):333-8. DOI:10.1016/j.amjcard.2009.09.033 · 3.43 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Platelet response to clopidogrel shows inter-individual variability that is partially explained by genetic polymorphisms. This variability affects clinical outcome when clopidogrel is administered in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS). Catecholamines, released during ACS, contribute to platelet aggregation through platelet alpha2A-(alpha2A-AR) and beta2-adrenergic receptor (beta2-AR) stimulation. It was the objective of this study to assess the potential influence of alpha2A-AR and beta2-AR gene polymorphisms on platelet reactivity after dual antiplatelet therapy with aspirin and clopidogrel in ACS. We screened 641 ACS patients for 6.3/6.7 kb alpha2A-AR polymorphism, and for Arg16Gly and Gln27Glu beta2-AR polymorphism. After 600 mg clopidogrel, we assessed ADP 10 micromol-induced platelet aggregation (ADP-Ag) and vasoactive stimulated phosphoprotein (VASP). All single nucleotide polymorphisms were in Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium. A slight though negligible association was found between 6.3 kb allele of alpha2A-AR with platelet reactivity ADP-Ag induced (beta: -2.91 [-5.68;-0.14], p=0.04). A borderline not significant reduction in PRI VASP was observed in 6.3 kb alpha2A-AR carriers (beta: -3.81 [-0.09;7.72], p=0.06). No significant effect on platelet parameters was observed for the other tested polymorphisms. Common alpha2A- and beta2-adrenergic receptor polymorphisms do not show any major impact on residual platelet reactivity in non-ST-elevation ACS when a dual antiplatelet therapy with 250 mg aspirin and 600 mg clopidogrel is administered.
    Thrombosis and Haemostasis 02/2010; 103(4):774-9. DOI:10.1160/TH09-06-0355 · 5.76 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We tested the hypothesis that residual platelet reactivity after clopidogrel correlates with the extent and severity of coronary atherosclerosis in patients undergoing elective percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Platelets are actively involved in vascular atherosclerosis. We prospectively enrolled 338 patients undergoing PCI for stable angina, loaded with 600-mg clopidogrel. Platelet reactivity was assessed 12 h later by measuring P2Y12 reactivity unit (PRU) with VerifyNow P2Y12 assay (Accumetrics, San Diego, California). High platelet reactivity (HPR) was defined as PRU value >or=240. Presence of multivessel disease (MVD) and total stent length (TSL) were used as surrogate markers of atherosclerosis severity and extension. Patients with MVD showed higher PRU compared with single-vessel disease (SVD) patients (222 +/- 85 vs. 191 +/- 73; p < 0.001). The PRU increased with the number of stenotic coronaries (1-vessel disease: 191 +/- 73; 2-vessel disease: 220 +/- 88; 3-vessel disease: 226 +/- 80; p = 0.002). The PRU was higher in the third TSL tertile compared with first tertile (217 +/- 83 vs. 191 +/- 73; p = 0.048). The HPR was most frequently observed among MVD patients (40.5% vs. 21.6% in patients with SVD, respectively; p < 0.001) and those in the third TSL tertile (35.8% vs. 22.2% first tertile; p = 0.028). Higher incidence of periprocedural myocardial infarction was observed in patients with HPR (41.2% vs. 26.7% in patients without HPR; p = 0.008) and in those in the third tertile TSL (37.7% vs. 23.1% first tertile; p = 0.020). By multivariate analysis, HPR was the only independent predictor of periprocedural myocardial infarction (p = 0.034). Patients with more extensive coronary atherosclerosis have a higher rate of HPR, which might partly account for higher risk of periprocedural MI.
    JACC. Cardiovascular Interventions 01/2010; 3(1):35-40. DOI:10.1016/j.jcin.2009.10.024 · 7.44 Impact Factor
  • Heart, Lung and Circulation 01/2010; 19. DOI:10.1016/j.hlc.2010.06.986 · 1.17 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Stem cell therapy can facilitate cardiac repair in infarcted myocardium, but the optimal cell type remains uncertain. We conducted a randomized, blind, and placebo-controlled comparison of autologous bone marrow mononuclear cell and mesenchymal stem cell therapy in a large-animal model of chronic myocardial infarction. Eleven weeks after coronary ligation, 24 dogs received intramyocardial injections of mononuclear cells (227.106 +/- 32.106 cells), mesenchymal stem cells (232.106 +/- 40.106 cells), or placebo (n = 8 per group). Cardiac performance and remodeling were assessed up to 16 weeks' follow-up. At echocardiographic analysis, the wall motion score index showed a sustained improvement after mononuclear cell transfer (from 1.8 +/- 0.1 to 1.5 +/- 0.07) and a moderate late improvement after mesenchymal stem cell transfer (from 1.9 +/- 0.08 to 1.7 +/- 0.1). After mononuclear cell transfer, end-systolic elastance increased (from 2.23 +/- 0.25 to 4.42 +/- 0.55 mm Hg/mL), infarct size decreased (from 13% +/- 0.67% to 10% +/- 1.17%), N-terminal B-type natriuretic propeptide level decreased (from 608 +/- 146 to 353 +/- 118 pmol/L), and relative wall area and arterial density increased. Vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 2 expression was upregulated in the border zone. No change in cardiac contractility or histologic parameters was noted in the mesenchymal stem cell group. In a canine model of chronic myocardial infarction, bone marrow mononuclear cell transfer is superior to mesenchymal stem cell transfer in improvement of cardiac contractility and regional systolic function and reduction in infarct size and plasma N-terminal B-type natriuretic propeptide level. Functional improvement is associated with a favorable angiogenic environment and neovascularization.
    The Journal of thoracic and cardiovascular surgery 10/2009; 138(3):646-53. DOI:10.1016/j.jtcvs.2008.12.031 · 3.99 Impact Factor
  • Jozef Bartunek
    Biomarkers in Medicine 10/2009; 3(5):435-7. DOI:10.2217/bmm.09.64 · 2.86 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate efficacy of percutaneous ultrasound-guided thrombin injection (UGTI) of iatrogenic femoral artery pseudoaneurysm (PSA) and to identify the risk factors associated with PSA recurrence. We treated 140 patients aged 76 years (range 49-83) presented with femoral artery PSA after cardiac catheterisation by percutaneous UGTI (500 IU/ml solution of activated human thrombin). Factors associated with the recurrence of PSA were analysed. One hundred nineteen patients were successfully treated by one injection of thrombin (immediate success rate 85%). In 19 patients (13.6%), short local compression following injection was needed for complete occlusion (overall success rate 98.6%, 138/140). In one case, progression of PSA required conversion to surgery (0.7%). In one patient with pre-existing stenosis of superficial femoral artery, acute limb ischaemia developed after UGTI (0.7%). The recurrence of PSA in 30-days follow-up (10 patients, 7%) was associated with obesity (BMI>30, OR=1.39, 95% CI 1.09-1.78, p<0.05), and with extensive combination of anti-aggregation and anti-coagulation therapy (OR=2.11, 95% CI 1.23-3.62, p<0.0001) as revealed by both univariate and multivariate analysis. The UGTI is a safe and effective treatment of iatrogenic femoral artery PSA. Recurrence is low and associated with obesity and extensive use of combined anti-aggregation and anti-coagulation therapy.
    EuroIntervention: journal of EuroPCR in collaboration with the Working Group on Interventional Cardiology of the European Society of Cardiology 09/2009; 5(4):443-7. DOI:10.4244/EIJV5I4A70 · 3.76 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The persistence of moderate ischemic mitral regurgitation (IMR) after isolated coronary artery bypass graft surgery is an important independent predictor of long-term mortality. The aim of the present study was to identify predictors of postoperative improvement in moderate IMR in patients with ischemic heart disease undergoing elective isolated coronary artery bypass graft surgery. The study population consisted of 135 patients with ischemic heart disease (age, 65+/-9 years; 81% male) and moderate IMR undergoing isolated coronary artery bypass graft surgery. Fourteen patients died before the 12-month follow-up echocardiography and were excluded. At the 12-month follow-up, 57 patients showed no or mild IMR (improvement group), whereas 64 patients failed to improve (failure group). Before coronary artery bypass graft surgery, the improvement group had significantly more viable myocardium and less dyssynchrony between papillary muscles than the failure group (P<0.001). All other preoperative parameters were similar in both groups. Large extent (> or =5 segments) of viable myocardium (odds ratio, 1.45; 95% confidence interval, 1.22 to 1.89; P<0.001) and absence (<60 ms) of dyssynchrony (odds ratio, 1.49; 95% confidence interval, 1.29 to 1.72; P<0.001) were independently associated with improvement in IMR. The majority (93%) of patients with viable myocardium and an absence of dyssynchrony showed an improvement in IMR. In contrast, only 34% and 18% of patients with dyssynchrony and nonviable myocardium, respectively, showed an improvement in IMR, whereas 32% and 49%, respectively, of these patients showed worsening of IMR (P<0.001). Reliable improvement in moderate IMR by isolated coronary artery bypass graft surgery was observed only in patients with concomitant presence of viable myocardium and absence of dyssynchrony between papillary muscles.
    Circulation 09/2009; 120(15):1474-81. DOI:10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.108.842104 · 14.95 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Significant left main coronary artery stenosis is an accepted indication for surgical revascularization. The potential of angiography to evaluate the hemodynamic severity of a stenosis is limited. The aims of the present study were to assess the long-term clinical outcome of patients with an angiographically equivocal left main coronary artery stenosis in whom the revascularization strategy was based on fractional flow reserve (FFR) and to determine the relationship between quantitative coronary angiography and FFR. In 213 patients with an angiographically equivocal left main coronary artery stenosis, FFR measurements and quantitative coronary angiography were performed. When FFR was > or =0.80, patients were treated medically or another stenosis was treated by coronary angioplasty (nonsurgical group; n=138). When FFR was <0.80, coronary artery bypass grafting was performed (surgical group; n=75). The 5-year survival estimates were 89.8% in the nonsurgical group and 85.4% in the surgical group (P=0.48). The 5-year event-free survival estimates were 74.2% and 82.8% in the nonsurgical and surgical groups, respectively (P=0.50). Percent diameter stenosis at quantitative coronary angiography correlated significantly with FFR (r=-0.38, P<0.001), but a very large scatter was observed. In 23% of patients with a diameter stenosis <50%, the left main coronary artery stenosis was hemodynamically significant by FFR. In patients with equivocal stenosis of the left main coronary artery, angiography alone does not allow appropriate individual decision making about the need for revascularization and often underestimates the functional significance of the stenosis. The favorable outcome of an FFR-guided strategy suggests that FFR should be assessed in such patients before a decision is made "blindly" about the need for revascularization.
    Circulation 09/2009; 120(15):1505-12. DOI:10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.109.850073 · 14.95 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

7k Citations
1,815.33 Total Impact Points


  • 1994–2015
    • OLV Ziekenhuis Aalst
      Alost, Flemish, Belgium
  • 2013
    • Uppsala University
      • UCR-Uppsala Clinical Research center
      Uppsala, Uppsala, Sweden
  • 2012
    • University of Glasgow
      • Institute of Cardiovascular and Medical Sciences
      Glasgow, SCT, United Kingdom
  • 2011
    • Klinički centar Srbije
      Beograd, Central Serbia, Serbia
  • 2010
    • Technische Universiteit Eindhoven
      Eindhoven, North Brabant, Netherlands
  • 2007–2010
    • University Hospital of Lausanne
      • Service de cardiologie
      Lausanne, Vaud, Switzerland
    • Universitair Ziekenhuis Ghent
      Gand, Flemish, Belgium
    • Vrije Universiteit Brussel
      Bruxelles, Brussels Capital, Belgium
    • Charles University in Prague
      Praha, Praha, Czech Republic
    • Cardiovascular Research Foundation
      New York, New York, United States
  • 2006
    • University of Leicester
      Leiscester, England, United Kingdom
    • University College London
      Londinium, England, United Kingdom
  • 2005
    • University of Naples Federico II
      Napoli, Campania, Italy
    • Ghent University
      Gand, Flemish, Belgium
  • 2004
    • Harvard University
      Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States
  • 2001
    • Catharina Hospital
      Eindhoven, North Brabant, Netherlands
  • 1997–2000
    • Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center
      • Department of Medicine
      Boston, MA, United States
  • 1999
    • Harvard Medical School
      • Department of Medicine
      Boston, Massachusetts, United States
  • 1996
    • Detská fakultná nemocnica s poliklinikou v Bratislave
      Presburg, Bratislavský, Slovakia