[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: With advances in surgical procedures and perioperative management, hepato-biliary-pancreatic surgery, including hepatectomy and pancreaticoduodenectomy, has been employed for recurrent colon cancer. However, no report has described a case of major hepatectomy with the combined resection of hepaticojejunostomy following pancreaticoduodenectomy for locoregionally recurrent colon cancer. Here, such a case is reported. The patient, a 37-year-old woman, had undergone pancreaticoduodenectomy for lymph node recurrence along the extrahepatic bile duct from cecal cancer. Thirteen months later, a biliary stricture was found at the hepaticojejunostomy site and right hepatectomy was performed. The resected specimen showed a papillary tumor at the hepaticojejunostomy. Based on its histological features, the pathogenesis of this tumor was considered to be intramural recurrence via lymphatic vessels. Although she underwent resection of a lymph node recurrence at her mesentery 12 months later, she has remained well thereafter, without any sign of further recurrence during 5 years of follow-up after hepatectomy.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Rectourethral fistula is one of the complications that can occur after prostatectomy in the urologic discipline. However, a delayed-onset rectourethral fistula after intersphincteric resection (ISR) for low rectal cancer is extremely rare. Here, we report one such case in a 57-year-old man. After ISR for low rectal cancer with a diverting stoma (DS), the DS was closed. After approximately 1 year, frequent pneumaturia and right orchitis were observed. Results of contrast enemas and abdominal computed tomography examinations revealed a rectourethral fistula from an anastomosis to the urethra. The colonoscopic appearance revealed a pinhole fistula on the anastomotic line, with thick pus. We performed a transverse colostomy, and the pneumaturia and right orchitis were no longer observed. Two months later, colonoscopy, contrast enemas, and cystoscopy revealed no rectourethral fistula. To the best of our knowledge, our case is the first report of a delayed-onset rectourethral fistula after ISR.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We report the case of a 60-year-old male who was diagnosed with gastric cancer. Upper gastrointestinal endoscopy indicated advanced cancer in the posterior wall of the gastric body. Biopsy revealed poorly differentiated adenocarcinoma. Abdominal computed tomography demonstrated thickening of the gastric wall and enlargement of the regional lymph nodes and of the para-aortic lymph nodes (PAN). The involvement of the PAN extended from the celiac axis to the caudal area of the inferior mesenteric artery [cT3N3aH0P0M1(LYM), stage IV]. Systemic chemotherapy was initiated. After 3 courses of S-1 plus cisplatin combination chemotherapy, the primary lesion and the enlarged lymph nodes revealed marked regression except for a minute residual lesion in the lymph nodes. Upon obtaining informed consent, open distal gastrectomy, D2 lymphadenectomy with PAN dissection, and Roux-en-Y reconstruction were performed. The patient was discharged from the hospital 35 days after the operation. Histopathological examination of the resected samples revealed malignant cells only in the PAN, not in the stomach or in the regional lymph nodes [ypT0N0M1(LYM), stage IV]. Currently, the patient is undergoing postoperative adjuvant chemotherapy with S-1 and has remained well without any recurrence after 6 months following surgery.
Case Reports in Oncology 09/2015; 8(2):312-22. DOI:10.1159/000438698
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The relative risk of cancer recurrence with postoperative adjuvant FOLFOX/CapeOX therapy(Ox)for stage III colorectal cancer is reduced by approximately 20%when compared to that with fluorouracil plus Leucovorin. We performed a questionnaire survey to evaluate the quality of life(QOL)and extent of side effects in patients who received adjuvant chemotherapy. In order to evaluate the risks and benefits of oxaliplatin administration, we also examined the differences in awareness of oxaliplatin side effects between patients and medical staff. Responses were obtained from 147 patients, 54 doctors, and 84 nurses. Analysis of the patient responses showed higher current QOL scores regardless of the chemotherapy regimen, although patients in the Ox group had a high rate of residual sensory peripheral neuropathy. In the Ox group, 81% of patients responded that the side effects were moderate. In contrast, 40% of medical staff identified the side effects of oxaliplatin as severe, which differed from that reported by the patients. Considering that Ox adjuvant chemotherapy may reduce the risk of recurrence by approximately 20%, the risk/benefit balance is acceptable.
Gan to kagaku ryoho. Cancer & chemotherapy 04/2015; 42(4):457-61.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Thoracic esophageal cancer with a double aortic arch is extremely rare. We herein report the case of a 63-year-old man with a double aortic arch who underwent an esophagectomy with a three-field lymphadenectomy for cancer in the lower thoracic esophagus. In such cases, it is important to recognize the relationship between the right and left aortic arches and the bilateral recurrent laryngeal nerves (RLNs). We were able to accurately understand the anatomical position of the RLNs using a precedent cervical procedure with partial resection of the manubrium to remove the nodes along the bilateral RLNs.
General Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery 12/2014; 63(2). DOI:10.1007/s11748-014-0515-6
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Adding oxaliplatin to fluorouracil-based chemotherapy can improve the survival of patients with stage III colorectal cancer by approximately 20 %. Reportedly, cancer patients are much more likely to prefer chemotherapy than medical professionals, although there is only a very small chance of achieving benefits from treatment. However, chronic neurotoxicity may be long lasting after the administration of oxaliplatin-based chemotherapy. This study aimed to evaluate potential side effects and differences in attitude between colorectal cancer patients and medical staff regarding the risk-benefit trade-offs of chemotherapy.
Relapse-free colorectal cancer patients who received adjuvant chemotherapy, doctors, and nurses were surveyed using a questionnaire regarding the side effects of chemotherapy and hypothetical clinical scenarios to quantify gains in the risk of relapse that were deemed necessary to make chemotherapy worthwhile.
Responses were obtained from 147 patients, 54 doctors, and 84 nurses. Of these, 39 % of patients and 85 % of doctors replied that moderate side effects of adjuvant chemotherapy were worthwhile to achieve an absolute gain in the risk of relapse of 10 % from a baseline of 40 %. More severe side effects, as reported by colorectal cancer patients, were not associated with the larger gains necessary to make treatment worthwhile. Seven percent of patients treated with oxaliplatin, 40 % of doctors, and 43 % of nurses replied that side effects associated with oxaliplatin-based chemotherapy were severe.
Doctors should consider potential heterogeneity in side effects and attitudes regarding the risk-benefit balance of adjuvant chemotherapy, and that patient perspectives should enhance shared decision-making.
International Journal of Clinical Oncology 11/2014; 20(4). DOI:10.1007/s10147-014-0772-5 · 2.13 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Abstract This study aimed to assess the pathogenic causes, clinical conditions, surgical procedures, in-hospital mortality, and operative death associated with emergency operations at a high-volume cancer center. Although many reports have described the contents, operative procedures, and prognosis of elective surgeries in high-volume cancer centers, emergency operations have not been studied in sufficient detail. We retrospectively enrolled 28 consecutive patients who underwent emergency surgery. Cases involving operative complications were excluded. The following surgical procedures were performed during emergency operations: closure in 3 cases (10.7%), diversion in 22 cases (78.6%), ileus treatment in 2 cases (7.1%), and hemostasis in 1 case (3.6%). Closure alone was performed only once for peritonitis. Diversion was performed in 17 cases (77.3%) of peritonitis, 4 cases (18.2%) of stenosis of the gastrointestinal tract, and 1 case (4.5%) of bleeding. There was a significant overall difference (P = 0.001). The frequency of emergency operations was very low at a high-volume cancer center. However, the recent shift in treatment approaches toward nonoperative techniques may enhance the status of emergency surgical procedures. The results presented in this study will help prepare for emergency situations and resolve them as quickly and efficiently as possible.
International surgery 11/2014; 99(6):719-22. DOI:10.9738/INTSURG-D-14-00122.1 · 0.47 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The occurrence of intra-abdominal sterile abscesses due to remnant clips after laparoscopic sigmoidectomy is rare. Here, we report one such case in a 74-year-old woman. Two years after laparoscopic sigmoidectomy, abdominal CT indicated an area of fluid accumulation approximately 5 cm in diameter and located in the middle of the abdominal cavity that contained a cluster of clips. Fine-needle aspiration of the fluid was performed through the wall of the sigmoid colon. The luminal fluid was found not to contain cancer cells on histological examination. After 1 year, abdominal surgery was performed. The abscess was located in the mesorectum at the anastomosis site; it was incised and a significant quantity of ivory-white viscous solution containing a cluster of clips was extracted. This case emphasizes the importance of reducing the number of clips used in laparoscopic surgery.
Asian Journal of Endoscopic Surgery 08/2014; 7(3). DOI:10.1111/ases.12112
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Abstract Preoperative management of advanced rectal cancer often includes chemoradiotherapy, but little is known about the late complications of radiotherapy. However, these are usually serious, making determination of the characteristics of late complications after radiation therapy critical. Accordingly, we investigated the complications occurring after adjuvant pelvic radiation therapy in patients with advanced rectal cancer. We enrolled 34 consecutive patients with TNM stage III rectal cancer who had undergone curative surgery with adjuvant pelvic radiation therapy. Data on the type of complication/organ involved, the number of complications, the phase of onset, and the treatments used were reviewed. Patients who experienced gut complications or edema were less likely to have their complications resolved than those with complications due to infection. Similarly, patients with multiple complications and late-onset complications were also less likely to have their complications resolved than those with single complications and those with early-onset complications, respectively. Adjuvant radiation therapy in patients with resected advanced rectal cancer was associated with various complications, characterized by late onset and impaired resolution. Therefore, patients indicated for radiation therapy should be selected with great caution.
International surgery 03/2014; 99(2):100-5. DOI:10.9738/INTSURG-D-13-00200.1 · 0.47 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Abstract : A retrospective study was conducted to decide the indication for pylorus-preserving gastrectomies (PPG). We enrolled consecutive 2173 patients who were treated with distal gastrectomy or total gastrectomy along with lymphadenectomy more than D1 as radical operation for gastric cancer. The incidence of peripyloric lymph node metastasis was evaluated with reference to the depth of invasion, tumor size, and the tumor-pylorus ring distance. The positive rate of lymph node metastasis decreased in proportion to the tumor-pylorus ring distance. On the other hand, the rate increased in proportion to the tumor depth. Among pT1 cases with > 5 cm tumor-pylorus ring distance, peripyloric lymph node metastasis was detected in only 5 cases, which had >= 2 cm tumor size and pSM invasion. Then we set the clinical indication of PPG for cM and cSM (tumor diameter < 2 cm) with > 5 cm pylorus-tumor distance. In a re-evaluation made based on this indication criteria, there was only one (0.2%) case of positive lymph nodes out of 424 PPG indicated cases, however, this was unordinary case with bone metastases 4 years after operation regardless of D2 lymph node dissection. In conclusion, cM or cSM (< 2 cm) gastric cancer situated more than 5 cm distant from the pylorus ring can be a candidate for PPG.
Nihon Rinsho Geka Gakkai Zasshi (Journal of Japan Surgical Association) 01/2014; 75(10):2671-2678. DOI:10.3919/jjsa.75.2671
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Novel risk factors for lymph node metastasis (LNM) in T1 colorectal cancer (CRC) have been recently proposed, but most have not been implemented because of the lack of validation. Here we determined the value of poorly differentiated clusters (PDCs) in a multi-institutional cohort of T1 CRC cases.
A pathology review involving 30 institutions was conducted for 3556 T1 CRCs. PDC was defined as malignant clusters comprising ≥5 cells and lacking a glandular formation. The ability to identify LNM risk was compared using Akaike's information criterion (AIC).
PDC was observed in 1401 tumors (39.4 %), including 94 (17.8 %) with <1000 µm submucosal invasion and 1307 (43.2 %) with ≥1000 µm submucosal invasion (P < 0.0001). The incidence of LNM was higher in PDC-positive tumors (17.4 %) than in PDC-negative tumors (6.9 %; P < 0.0001), and PDCs had an adverse impact on LNM irrespective of the degree of submucosal invasion. Grade 3, vascular invasion, budding, and submucosal invasion depth were also significant factors (all, P < 0.0001). AIC of risk factor to identify LNM risk was most favorable for vascular invasion (2273.4), followed by PDC (2357.4); submucosal invasion depth (2429.1) was the most unfavorable. Interinstitutional judgment disparities were smaller in PDC (kappa, 0.51) than vascular invasion (0.33) or tumor grade (0.48).
PDC is a promising new parameter with good ability to identify LNM risk. Use of its appropriate judgment criteria will enable us determine whether an observational policy can be safely applied following local tumor excision in T1 CRC cases.
Journal of Gastroenterology 09/2013; 49(9). DOI:10.1007/s00535-013-0881-3 · 4.52 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: In patients with distal bile duct cancer involving the hepatic hilus, a major hepatectomy concomitant with pancreatoduodenectomy (HPD) is sometimes ideal to obtain a cancer-free resection margin. However, the surgical invasiveness of HPD is considerable.
We present our treatment option for patients with distal bile duct cancer showing mucosal spreading to the hepatic hilum associated with impaired liver function. To minimize resection volume of the liver, an isolated caudate lobectomy (CL) with pancreatoduodenectomy (PD) using an anterior liver splitting approach is presented. Liver transection lines and bile duct resection points correspond complete with our standard right and left hemihepatectomies with CL for perihilar cholangiocarcinoma.
Total operation time was 765 min, and pedicle occlusion time was 124 min, respectively. Although the proximal mucosal cancer extension was identified at both the right and the left hepatic ducts, all resection margins were negative for cancer.
Isolated CL with PD is an alternative radical treatment option for bile duct cancer patients with impaired liver function.
Langenbeck s Archives of Surgery 09/2013; 398(8). DOI:10.1007/s00423-013-1110-5 · 2.19 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Abstract We retrospectively evaluated rectal cancer surgery cases in which resection had been performed for invasion of other organs in terms of pathologic findings from the viewpoint of sex differences. We enrolled 61 consecutive patients with rectal cancer who had undergone curative surgery with resection of invaded adjacent organs. We investigated invasion of adjacent organs in terms of pathologic findings according to sex differences. Among males, 4 cases (13.8%) had received combined radical resections of more than 2 organs, while the number of such female cases was 15 (46.9%). The difference between males and females was statistically significant (P = 0.006). Among male cases, histopathologic invasion was present in 4 (13.8%), while 9 female cases (28.1%) showed this feature. Nevertheless, there was not a statistically significant difference between males and females (P = 0.08); the rate in females was roughly twice that in males. No significant difference was recognized in the overall survival rates between males and females, but more females than males experienced local recurrence. In cases with rectal cancer invading neighboring organs, the effect of the invasion must be carefully determined, and the most appropriate operative approach selected accordingly.
International surgery 08/2013; 98(3):200-4. DOI:10.9738/INTSURG-D-13-00027.1 · 0.47 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: : The role of lymph node dissection in the management of right-sided colon cancer remains controversial.
: The aim of this study was to investigate the surgical treatment of curable right-sided colon cancer by using D3 lymphadenectomy with a no-touch isolation technique and to determine the extent of lymph node dissection optimal for the prognosis of right-sided colon cancer.
: This research is a retrospective cohort study from a prospectively collected database.
: The investigation took place in a specialized colorectal surgery department.
: Data on 370 consecutive patients who underwent D3 lymph node dissection for right-sided colon cancer with a no-touch isolation technique were identified.
: The survival of patients with involvement of main nodes at the roots of colonic arterial trunks along superior mesenteric vessels through intermediate nodes in the right mesocolon was determined.
: The 5-year overall survival of patients with stage I (n = 73, 19.7%), II (n = 155, 41.9%), and III (n = 142, 38.4%) cancer were 94.5%, 87.6%, and 79.2%. The 5-year disease-specific survival of patients with stages I, II, and III cancer were 100.0%, 94.5%, and 85.0%. Eleven patients (3.0%) had metastatic involvement of main lymph nodes, whereas 49 (13.2%) had metastases to intermediate lymph nodes. The 5-year overall survival and disease-specific survival of patients with metastases to main lymph nodes were 36.4% for both, and 5-year overall survival and disease-specific survival of patients with metastases to intermediate lymph nodes were 77.6% and 83.5%.
: This study was limited by its nonrandomized retrospective design.
: D3 lymphadenectomy with a no-touch isolation technique allows curative resection and long-term survival in a cohort of patients with cancer of the right colon.
Diseases of the Colon & Rectum 07/2013; 56(7):815-24. DOI:10.1097/DCR.0b013e3182919093 · 3.75 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: : The presence/absence of extracapsular invasion in metastatic lymph nodes has been reported as being significantly correlated with the prognosis in a wide variety of cancers. However, the influence of extracapsular invasion in the metastatic lymph nodes on the prognosis in patients with stage III rectal cancer has not yet been investigated.
: We investigated the presence/absence of extracapsular invasion in the metastatic nodes of the relevant main/lateral lymph node group in patients with rectal cancer to determine the usefulness of this parameter for stratifying the prognosis of patients with stage III rectal cancer.
: This was a single-institution study.
: This study was conducted at a single institution.
: We enrolled 101 consecutive patients with stage III rectal cancer who had undergone curative surgery with extended lymph node dissection and investigated the presence/absence of extracapsular invasion in the regional metastatic lymph nodes to determine the usefulness of such stratification for a more precise prediction of the patient prognosis.
: The main outcomes measured were the disease-free and overall survival rates.
: Univariate analysis revealed a significantly poorer prognosis, in terms of both the disease-free survival rate (p = 0.003) and overall survival rate (p = 0.008), of the pN3-extracapsular invasion-positive cases in comparison with the pN3-extracapsular invasion-negative cases. Multivariate analysis revealed the presence/absence of extracapsular invasion in the metastatic lymph nodes as the only variable that was statistically significantly associated with the disease-free survival rate (p = 0.011).
: This was a retrospective study in a small number of patients from a single institution. There were no comparator groups.
: Detailed stratification of pN3 cases based on the presence/absence of extracapsular invasion in metastatic lymph nodes has the potential to contribute significantly to more available prediction of the prognosis of patients with stage III colorectal cancer.
Diseases of the Colon & Rectum 06/2013; 56(6):726-32. DOI:10.1097/DCR.0b013e318286c518 · 3.75 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A treatment strategy based on the distance of mesorectal extension (DME) for pT3N1-2 rectal cancer patients without pre-operative chemoradiotherapy has not yet been defined. The present study aimed to describe the benefit of the measurement of mesorectal extension in stratifying treatment for pT3N1-2 rectal cancer patients. Data from 512 patients with pT3N1-2 rectal cancer undergoing curative surgery at 28 institutes were analyzed in this study. DME was measured histologically, and the optimal prognostic cut-off point of the DME was determined using Cox regression analyses. Survival was calculated using the Kaplan-Meier method. The patients were subdivided into two groups based on the optimal prognostic cut-off point: DME ≤4 mm and DME >4 mm. The DME was found to be a powerful independent risk factor for predicting distant and local recurrences. The recurrence-free 5-year survival rates of patients with DME >4 mm were significantly poorer for Stages IIIB (53.3%; p=0.0015; HR, 1.76; 95% CI, 1.233-2.501) and IIIC (32.9%; p=0.0095; HR, 1.64; 95% CI, 1.119-2.407) than for patients with DME ≤4 mm (69.7 and 50.4%, respectively). The cancer-specific survival rates of patients with DME >4 mm were also significantly worse than those with DME ≤4 mm. A value of 4 mm provides the best cut-off point for subdividing the mesorectal extension to predict oncologic outcomes. Measurement of mesorectal extension appears to be of benefit in stratifying patients for post-operative adjuvant treatments.
Experimental and therapeutic medicine 03/2013; 5(3):661-666. DOI:10.3892/etm.2012.858 · 1.27 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Aim:
To examine the usefulness of the histopathological finding of tumor necrosis for stratifying TNM stage IV colorectal cancer in R0 status.
Patients and methods:
We enrolled 98 patients with stage IV colorectal cancer, without residual disease after resection. The extent of necrosis was assessed using published thresholds, the extent was graded as "absent", "moderate" (<30% of tumor area), or "severe" (≥30%) in each section.
In multivariate analysis, the only significant difference in the disease-free survival rate was related to tumor necrosis (p=0.01) and the significant differences in the overall survival rates were related to the maximum tumor size and the degree of tumor necrosis (p=0.02 and p=0.001, respectively).
Tumor necrosis is associated with a poor prognosis in colorectal cancer and may allow the stratification of TNM stage IV patients without residual disease after surgery.
Anticancer research 03/2013; 33(3):1099-1105. · 1.83 Impact Factor