Are you Barry M Kapik?

Claim your profile

Publications (7)22.59 Total impact

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To assess whether iris color and eyelash changes occur with the use of unoprostone for 2 years. The 2 clinical trials described herein were prospective, randomized, double-masked, active-controlled, parallel group, multicenter studies. A total of 1131 patients with primary open-angle glaucoma or ocular hypertension participated in 2 clinical trials and received either unoprostone isopropyl 0.15% (659), timolol maleate 0.5% (331), or betaxolol hydrochloride 0.5% (141), 1 drop per eye twice daily for up to 24 months. Color photographs (1:1 magnification) were taken of the iris and eyelid of each patient at baseline and at regular intervals thereafter through month 24 using a standardized camera system. Photography included 7 views of each eye plus a calibration photograph and a patient identification photograph, for a total of 16 photographs per patient per visit. Two independent (masked) readers subjectively compared baseline iris colors to subsequent visits. Side view photographs of the upper and lower eyelashes were used for the eyelash length analysis, with each having sufficient depth of field and a sufficient number of eyelashes in focus. Similarly, frontal eyelash views were used for the eyelash density analysis. Changes from baseline in iris color and eyelash length and density within and between treatment groups. Seven cases of iris color change (1.06%) were confirmed in patients treated with unoprostone for up to 24 months; no confirmed cases were reported in the timolol or betaxolol groups. In the unoprostone group, cases of iris color change were confirmed at months 12 (1 case), 18 (2 cases), and 24 (4 cases). No clinically relevant differences were observed among treatment groups for changes from baseline in eyelash length or density. Although iris hyperpigmentation and abnormal eyelash changes may occur after treatment with unoprostone, the incidence of these events appears to be low in the 2-year clinical study.
    Ophthalmology 09/2004; 111(8):1480-8. · 5.56 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To determine the duration of action of ketotifen 0.025% eye drops vs placebo taken as single or multiple doses in an allergen challenge model. Two randomized, multicenter, double-masked, contralateral placebo-controlled studies, one a single-dose and one a multiple-dose study. Two conjunctival provocation tests (CPTs) were initially conducted to confirm reproducibility of subject responses in both studies. Subjects in study 1 (n = 87) received single doses of ketotifen in one eye and placebo in the other 15 minutes, 6 hours, and 8 hours before CPT. Subjects in study 2 (n = 85) received ketotifen or placebo once 8 hours before CPT. Single-dose efficacy results were used to further qualify a subject as a responder. Responders were re-randomized to a 4-week twice daily dosing regimen with a CPT 8 hours after the final dose. In both studies, ocular symptoms were assessed at three time points 3 to 15 minutes after challenge. There were no significant differences in adverse events between groups. For both studies, ocular itching and vascular injection were significantly reduced (P <.003) at all time points after instillation of ketotifen, with a maximum reduction at 7 minutes postchallenge. In study 2, chemosis, tearing, and lid swelling were also assessed and were significantly reduced (P <.008) after instillation of ketotifen. Ketotifen 0.025% eye drops were safe and statistically effective in preventing ocular itching, injection, and other signs and symptoms of allergic conjunctivitis at 15 minutes, 6 hours, and 8 hours after a single dose and at 8 hours after the final dose of a 4-week twice daily regimen.
    American Journal of Ophthalmology 01/2004; 136(6):1097-105. · 4.02 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Ketotifen fumarate blocks histamine1 (H1) receptors, stabilizes mast cells, and acts as an eosinophil inhibitor (decreases chemotaxis and activation of eosinophils). To assess the efficacy of ketotifen 0.025% ophthalmic solution in the prevention of symptoms of allergic conjunctivitis, using the conjunctival allergen challenge model. This was a single-center, double-masked, randomized, placebo-controlled, contralateral-eye comparison, allergen challenge trial conducted in the United States. Subjects were randomized to receive ketotifen 0.025% in one eye and placebo in the other. At visits 1 and 2, allergen challenges were performed to determine the allergen concentration eliciting a qualifying reaction for each subject. At the 3 subsequent visits, subjects received 1 drop of ketotifen 0.025% ophthalmic solution in one eye and vehicle solution as placebo in the other eye 15 minutes (visit 3), 6 hours (visit 4), and 8 hours (visit 5) before allergen challenge. The primary efficacy measure was the subject's rating of itching at 3, 7, and 10 minutes after challenge. Of the 89 subjects randomly assigned to masked trial medication at visit 3, 72 completed the study. At visits 3, 4, and 5, mean itching scores were significantly better for ketotifen-treated eyes at all postchallenge time points, compared with placebo (P<.001). Also at visits 3, 4, and 5, ketotifen was statistically superior to placebo in reducing ocular hyperemia at all postchallenge time points (P<.05). Ketotifen was safe and statistically effective in reducing ocular itching and hyperemia associated with allergic conjunctivitis. Ketotifen's rapid onset of action (within 15 minutes) and extended duration of action (at least 8 hours) make it a valuable treatment for allergic conjunctivitis.
    Archives of Ophthalmology 05/2003; 121(5):626-30. · 3.83 Impact Factor
  • Source
    A Hommer, B Kapik, N Shams
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To compare the safety and efficacy of unoprostone, brimonidine, and dorzolamide as adjunctive therapy to timolol in patients with primary open angle glaucoma or ocular hypertension. This was a randomised, double masked, parallel group, multicentre (14) study. After using timolol maleate 0.5% monotherapy twice a day for 2 weeks, patients (n = 146) with an early morning intraocular pressure (IOP) between 22 and 28 mm Hg, inclusively, received unoprostone isopropyl 0.15% (n = 50), brimonidine tartrate 0.2% (n = 48), or dorzolamide hydrochloride 2.0% (n = 48) twice daily as adjunctive therapy to timolol maleate 0.5% for another 12 weeks. Safety was based on comprehensive ophthalmic examinations, adverse events, and vital signs. Efficacy was based on mean change from baseline in the 8 hour diurnal IOP at week 12. Baseline was defined as values obtained after 2 weeks of timolol monotherapy. Each drug was safe and well tolerated. Burning/stinging was the most common treatment emergent adverse event. No clinically relevant changes from baseline were observed for any ophthalmic examination or vital signs. At week 12, each adjunctive therapy produced statistically significant (p<0.001) reductions from timolol treated baseline in the mean 8 hour diurnal IOP (-2.7 mm Hg, unoprostone; -2.8 mm Hg, brimonidine; -3.1 mm Hg, dorzolamide). The extent of IOP reduction did not differ significantly between unoprostone and either brimonidine (p = 0.154) or dorzolamide (p = 0.101). Unoprostone was safe and well tolerated and provided a clinically and statistically significant additional reduction in IOP when added to stable monotherapy with timolol. Furthermore, unoprostone was not significantly different from brimonidine and dorzolamide as adjunctive therapy to timolol.
    British Journal of Ophthalmology 05/2003; 87(5):592-8. · 2.73 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Ketotifen fumarate, formulated for the treatment of allergic conjunctivitis, is a histamine H1-receptor antagonist, mast cell stabilizer, and eosinophil inhibitor (decreases chemotaxis and activation of eosinophils). In this study, healthy volunteers 3 years of age or older received ketotifen fumarate .025% ophthalmic solution (n = 330) or placebo (n = 165) four times daily for 6 weeks. Ketotifen was safe and well tolerated in the adult and pediatric populations, with an incidence of ocular adverse events of 18.2%, compared with 15.2% with placebo. No ocular rebound vasodilation or itching was observed within 48 hours after treatment. Ketotifen has a favorable safety and tolerability profile, which may have a positive impact on compliance, an important aspect of effective symptomatic control of allergic conjunctivitis.
    Advances in Therapy 01/2002; 19(4):161-9. · 2.44 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: A long-term comparison of the ocular hypotensive efficacy and safety of unoprostone isopropyl 0.15% twice daily with that of timolol maleate 0.5% twice daily and betaxolol HCl 0.5% twice daily. This was a randomized, multicenter, double-masked, active-controlled 24-month clinical trial involving 27 centers in Europe and Israel. The study population was composed of patients with primary open-angle glaucoma (including pseudoexfoliation) or ocular hypertension. After washout of antiglaucoma medications, intraocular pressure (IOP) was measured at 0, + 2, + 8, and + 12 hours. Patients were randomized in a 2:1:1 ratio to unoprostone, timolol, or betaxolol. Patients returned for examinations at 2 and 6 weeks and 3 and 6 months. 556 patients were randomized. Each drug produced a clinically and statistically (P <.001) significant reduction from baseline in 12-hour diurnal IOP at month 6 (- 4.3 mm Hg, unoprostone; - 5.8 mm Hg, timolol; - 4.9 mm Hg, betaxolol). Differences in adjusted treatment means between unoprostone and timolol and unoprostone and betaxolol were 1.57 mm Hg (95% CI: 1.00, 2.13) and 0.53 mm Hg (95% CI: - 0.03, 1.09), respectively. Unoprostone was clinically equivalent to betaxolol but did not have as great an IOP-lowering effect as timolol. Discontinued for inadequate control of IOP were 7%, 1%, and 4% of the patients for unoprostone, timolol, and betaxolol, respectively. There were no changes of note in visual acuity, pupil size, cup-to-disk ratio, visual fields, or iris color. Changes in heart rate and blood pressure were small, with no clinically significant differences between groups. Unoprostone provided a clinically significant IOP-lowering effect equivalent to betaxolol but not to timolol. The side effect profile of unoprostone appears to be comparable to other established IOP-lowering agents.
    American Journal of Ophthalmology 01/2002; 133(1):1-10. · 4.02 Impact Factor
  • American Journal of Ophthalmology - AMER J OPHTHALMOL. 01/2002; 133(1):1-10.