Hyun-Ju Jung

Inje University Paik Hospital, Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea

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Publications (8)29.9 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: We developed a CYP2D6 genotyping method that includes copy number variation (CNV) and recently known functional haplotypes using multiplex single-base extension (SBE). Twelve CYP2D6 alleles (*1, *2, *5, *10, *14, *18, *21, *41, *49, *52, *60, and a duplication of CYP2D6) were genotyped using 2 PCR reactions followed by multiplex SBE with 10 primers and singleplex SBE with 1 primer. The result from 758 Korean samples was validated by comparison with the results of direct sequencing or other genotyping methods. We also genotyped 89 Chinese and 122 Vietnamese subjects to determine the presence of recently identified functional alleles. All 12 CYP2D6 alleles, including gene deletion and duplication, were obviously discriminated. The concordance rate was 100% between our method and other methods. Our method also covered over 98% of the CYP2D6 genotypes in Japanese and Chinese subjects based on reported data. In addition to published genotypes, *14, *21, *41, *49, and *52 were found in about 5% in Chinese and Vietnamese. The CYP2D6 genotyping method may be clinically applicable for Asian populations. The method can be improved easily to cover other ethnic groups by utilizing additional haplotype tagging SNPs.
    Clinica chimica acta; international journal of clinical chemistry 12/2010; 411(23-24):2043-8. · 2.54 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Cytochrome P450 3A7 (CYP3A7) is expressed in the human fetal liver and plays a role in the metabolism of hormones, drugs, and toxic compounds. Genetic variants of CYP3A7 are associated with serum estrone level, bone density, and hepatic CYP3A activity in adults. We analyzed the genetic variations of CYP3A7 in a Korean population. From direct sequencing of all exons and flanking regions of the CYP3A7 gene in 48 Koreans, we found five genetic variants, including three novel variants. One variant, a thymidine insertion in exon 2 (4011insT), causes premature termination of CYP3A7 translation, which may result in a null phenotype. The novel variant was assigned to the CYP3A7*3 allele by the CYP allele nomenclature committee. For further screen of this novel variant in other ethnic populations, we used pyrosequencing to analyze an additional 185 Koreans, 100 African Americans, 100 Caucasians, and 159 Vietnamese for the presence of this variant. The variant was not found in any other individuals, except for one Korean subject. The frequencies of two known functional alleles, CYP3A7*2 and CYP3A7*1C, were 26 and 0%, respectively, in Koreans. The frequencies of the functional CYP3A7 polymorphisms in Koreans were significantly different from those in Caucasians and African Americans. This is the first report of a null-type allele of the CYP3A7 gene. It also provides population-level genetic data on CYP3A7 in Koreans to reveal the wide ethnic variation in CYP3A7 polymorphism.
    Molecular Biology Reports 08/2009; 37(1):213-7. · 2.51 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Our objectives were to identify CYP2D6 genetic polymorphisms in a Korean population, to compare the allele frequencies with those of other ethnic groups, and to evaluate variant-induced functional variations in dextromethorphan (DM) metabolism in vitro and in vivo. Thirty-eight single nucleotide polymorphisms of CYP2D6 were identified by direct DNA sequencing in 51 Koreans. An extended set of 707 subjects were screened for the identified variants. A group of 202 healthy subjects was subjected to phenotypic analysis on DM metabolism. CYP2D6*10 was found to be the most frequent allele (45.6%), followed by CYP2D6*1 (32.3%), *2 (9.9%), *5 (5.6%), *41 (2.2%), *49 (1.4%), and some other rare alleles (<1%). The newly identified E418K and S183Stop were assigned as CYP2D6*52 and CYP2D6*60, respectively, by the Human P450 (CYP) Allele Nomenclature Committee. Individuals having the CYP2D6*10/*49 genotype (n = 5) exhibited a significant decrease in CYP2D6 metabolic activity compared with those with the CYP2D6*1/*1 genotype (n = 31) (P < 0.019). Variations in CYP2D6 protein levels in liver tissues (n = 49) were observed with CYP2D6 genotypes, and correlation between the CYP2D6 protein content and the activity was significant (r(2) = 0.7). Given the importance of CYP2D6 in drug metabolism, subjects with the CYP2D6*10/*49 genotype may benefit from genotype analysis to achieve optimal drug therapy.
    Drug metabolism and disposition: the biological fate of chemicals 04/2009; 37(7):1464-70. · 3.74 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Hepatocyte nuclear factor-4 alpha (HNF4A) is an essential transcriptional regulator for many genes that are expressed preferentially in the liver. Among the important functions of the liver is drug metabolism in response to xenobiotic exposure. Recent studies have suggested that HNF4A regulates the expression of cytochrome P450 (CYP), including CYP2D6 and CYP3A4, which show large individual variations in their activities. To understand the genetic factors that influence individual CYP activities, a genetic variant of HNF4A and the effects of genetic variants of HNF4A on CYP activity were investigated. Here, we report the identification of a novel coding variant of HNF4A that influences CYP2D6 activity in humans. After direct sequencing, a polymorphism search revealed the HNF4A G60D variant in Koreans. This variant was unable to bind to the recognition site in the CYP2D6 promoter and therefore lacked the regulatory function for this gene. Human liver specimens with the heterozygous HNF4A G60D genotype showed a tendency toward lower levels of CYP2D6 activity than the wild-type genotype in the same genetic background of CYP2D6. Furthermore, human subjects with the HNF4A G60D genotype tended to have lower CYP2D6 activity than those with the wild-type HNF4A. The HNF4A G60D variant was detected at low frequency in Asian populations, including Koreans, Chinese, and Vietnamese, and was not found in Africans or Caucasians. CONCLUSION: This is the first report to show that the genetic polymorphism of liver-enriched nuclear receptor HNF4A influences downstream CYP2D6 function in human subjects.
    Hepatology 09/2008; 48(2):635-45. · 12.00 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: It is well known that CYP2C19 is an enzyme showing genetic polymorphism that may cause marked interindividual and interethnic variation in the metabolism and disposition of its substrates. This study compared the frequency distribution of CYP2C19*1, *2, and *3 alleles in Korean and Vietnamese populations, representing Far Eastern and Southwestern Asian populations, respectively. The presence of the CYP2C19 variant alleles was analyzed in 377 Korean and 165 Vietnamese healthy subjects using a new pyrosequencing method. The respective allele frequencies of CYP2C19*1, *2, and *3 were 64%, 28%, and 8% in Koreans and 69%, 24%, and 5% in Vietnamese. The frequency of poor metabolizer genotype (*2/*2, *2/*3, *3/*3) in Korean (12.5%, 95% confidence interval 11.4-13.6) was not significantly different from that of Vietnamese population (7.2%, 95% confidence interval 6.2-8.2) (P = 0.074). These results obtained from a large number of subjects can be used in comparative studies with other ethnic groups in future clinical research.
    Therapeutic Drug Monitoring 09/2007; 29(4):455-9. · 2.23 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The breast cancer resistance protein (BCRP) is a member of the ATP-binding cassette transporters. The aim of the present study was to identify genetic variants of BCRP in Koreans and to assess the functional consequences of BCRP polymorphisms. Twenty single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP), including four nonsynonymous SNP, were identified by DNA sequencing of the BCRP gene in 92 Korean subjects. BCRP V12M, Q141K, P269S, and Q126Stop were detected at frequencies of 23, 28, 0.2, and 1.9%, respectively. These four coding variants were also screened in Chinese and Vietnamese subjects; the allelic frequencies among the three populations were compared; and predictions were made as to the potential frequency of each variant. In vitro functional analyses of the P269S protein and the promoter SNP -19031C>T (mutated in the hypoxia-inducible factor-1alpha binding site) were performed and compared with those of the wild type. P269S exhibited a 35 to 40% decrease in vesicular uptake of [(3)H]estrone-3-sulfate and [(3)H]methotrexate compared with the wild type. The promoter SNP -19031C>T did not affect BCRP promoter activity in either the presence or absence of chemical-induced hypoxic stress. Our results suggest that the P269S variant could be a functionally altered variant. Genotyping of this variant in clinical studies is needed to address its phenotypic role. Genetic polymorphisms of BCRP were found to be very common in Koreans, as well as in other ethnic groups. Comparative analyses among three Asian populations revealed different frequencies for the four functional BCRP variants.
    Drug Metabolism and Disposition 05/2007; 35(4):623-32. · 3.36 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Cytochrome P450 2D6 (CYP2D6) shows high extent of genotypic and phenotypic polymorphism, which causes inter-individual variation in drug disposition of many therapeutic drugs. Genotype and phenotype of CYP2D6 were determined in 130 Koreans. To visualize the genotype-to-phenotype correlation at a glance, a colored map based on CYP2D6 phenotype was created using two cluster algorithms and annotated for CYP2D6 genotypes. The findings with those algorithms were similar to previous study,which suggests the possibility to use this information in individualizing therapy based on the genotype.
    AMIA ... Annual Symposium proceedings / AMIA Symposium. AMIA Symposium 02/2007;
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    ABSTRACT: This study was to evaluate the combined effects of the CYP3A4 inhibitor itraconazole and the CYP2D6*10 genotype on the pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of haloperidol, a substrate of both CYP2D6 and CYP3A4, in healthy subjects. Nineteen healthy volunteers whose CYP2D6 genotypes were predetermined were enrolled (9 for CYP2D6*1/*1 and 10 for CYP2D6*10/*10). Four subjects (1 for CYP2D6*1/*1 and 3 for CYP2D6*10/*10) did not complete the study because of adverse events. The pharmacokinetics of haloperidol and its pharmacodynamic effects measured for QTc prolongation and neurologic side effects were evaluated after a single dose of 5 mg haloperidol following a pretreatment of placebo or itraconazole at 200 mg/d for 10 days in a randomized crossover manner. Itraconazole pretreatment increased the mean area under the time-concentration curves (AUCs) of haloperidol by 55% compared to placebo pretreatment (21.7 +/- 11.3 vs 33.5 +/- 29.3 ng h/mL). The subjects with CYP2D6*10/*10 genotype showed 81% higher AUC compared to that of subjects with CYP2D6*1/*1 genotype (27.6 +/- 22.2 vs 50.2 +/- 47.1 ng h/mL). In the presence of itraconazole, subjects with CYP2D6*10/*10 showed 3-fold higher AUC of haloperidol compared to that of placebo pretreated subjects with CYP2D6*1/*1 genotype (21.7 +/- 11.3 vs 66.7 +/- 62.1 ng h/mL; P < 0.05). The CYP2D6*10 genotype and itraconazole pretreatment decreased the oral clearance of haloperidol by 24% and 25%, respectively, but without a statistical significance. In the subjects with both CYP2D6*10 genotype and itraconazole pretreatment, however, the oral clearance was significantly decreased to 42% of subjects with wild genotype in the placebo pretreatment (4.7 +/- 3.6 vs 2.0 +/- 1.9 L/h/kg; P < 0.05). Barnes Akathisia Rating Scale (BARS) of subjects with CYP2D6*10/*10 in the presence of itraconazole pretreatment was significantly higher than that of subjects with CYP2D6*1/*1 genotype in the period of placebo pretreatment. Except for this, all other pharmacodynamic estimations did not reach to statistical significance although each CYP2D6*10 genotype and itraconazole pretreatment caused higher value of UKU side effect and BARS scores. The moderate effect of CYP2D6*10 genotype on the pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of haloperidol seems to be augmented by the presence of itraconazole pretreatment.
    Journal of Clinical Psychopharmacology 04/2006; 26(2):135-42. · 3.51 Impact Factor