Mercedes Gil-Campos

Instituto Maimónides de Investigación Biomédica de Córdoba, Cordoue, Andalusia, Spain

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Publications (50)132.52 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Lung recruitment manoeuvres in neonates during anaesthesia are not performed routinely due to concerns about causing barotrauma, haemodynamic instability and oxidative stress.
    European journal of anaesthesiology. 06/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Intra-uterine growth restriction (IUGR) may induce significant metabolic and inflammatory anomalies, increasing the risk of obesity and CVD later in life. Similarly, alterations in the adipose tissue may lead to metabolic changes in children with a history of extra-uterine growth restriction (EUGR). These mechanisms may induce alterations in immune response during early life. The aim of the present study was to compare pro-inflammatory markers in prepubertal EUGR children with those in a reference population. A total of thirty-eight prepubertal children with a history of EUGR and a reference group including 123 healthy age- and sex-matched children were selected. Perinatal data were examined. In the prepubertal stage, the concentrations of inflammatory biomarkers were measured in both groups. The serum concentrations of C-reactive protein (CRP) and plasma concentrations of hepatocyte growth factor (HGF), IL-6, IL-8, monocyte chemotactic protein type 1 (MCP-1), neural growth factor, TNF-α and plasminogen activator inhibitor type 1 were determined. The plasma concentrations of inflammatory biomarkers CRP, HGF, IL-8, MCP-1 and TNF-α were higher in the EUGR group than in the reference group (P< 0·001). After adjustment for gestational age, birth weight and length, blood pressure values and TNF-α concentrations remained higher in the EUGR group than in the reference group. Therefore, further investigations should be conducted in EUGR children to evaluate the potential negative impact of metabolic, nutritional and pro-inflammatory changes induced by the EUGR condition.
    The British journal of nutrition 05/2014; · 3.45 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate the association between waist-to-height ratio (WHtR) and specific biomarkers of inflammation, CVD risk and endothelial dysfunction in prepubertal obese children. Prospective, multicentre case-control study matched by age and sex. Children were recruited between May 2007 and May 2010 from primary-care centres and schools in three cities in Spain (Cordoba, Santiago de Compostela and Zaragoza). Four hundred and forty-six (223 normal weight and 223 obese) Caucasian prepubertal children aged 6-12 years. WHtR was higher in the obese than in the normal-weight children. Blood pressure, waist circumference, weight, height, insulin, plasma lipids, leptin, resistin, abnormal neutrophil and monocyte counts, C-reactive protein, IL-6, IL-8, TNF-α, myeloperoxidase, soluble intercellular adhesion molecule-1, selectin and plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 levels were higher in the obese than in the normal-weight group. Adiponectin and HDL-cholesterol were lower and glucose and metalloproteinase-9 showed no differences. Resistin, TNF-α and active plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 were associated with WHtR, a sensitive indicator of central obesity. Our results lead to the hypothesis that changes in biomarker levels of insulin resistance, inflammation and CVD risk before puberty might induce metabolic consequences of obesity in obese children before reaching adulthood.
    Public Health Nutrition 01/2014; · 2.25 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Variants in the FTO gene have been associated with obesity in children, but this association has not been shown with other biomarkers. We assessed the association of 52 FTO polymorphisms, spanning the whole gene, with obesity and estimated the influence of these polymorphisms on anthropometric, clinical and metabolic parameters as well as inflammation and cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk biomarkers among Spanish children. A multicentre case--control study was conducted in 534 children (292 obese and 242 with normal-BMI). Anthropometric, clinical, metabolic, inflammation and CVD risk markers were compared using the Student's t-test for unpaired samples. The genotype relative risk was assessed by comparing the obese and normal-BMI group, calculating the odds ratio. The association of each SNP with phenotypic parameters was analysed using either logistic or linear regression analysis. All anthropometric, clinical and metabolic factors as well as inflammatory and CVD risk biomarkers were higher in the obese than in the normal-BMI group, except adiponectin and HDL-c that were lower, and glucose, LDL-c, and metalloproteinase-9 that did not show difference. Four polymorphisms (rs9935401, rs9939609, rs9928094 and rs9930333) were positively associated with obesity and in linkage disequilibrium between each other; the haplotype including the risk alleles of these polymorphisms showed a high risk for obesity. The rs8061518 was negatively associated with obesity and the haplotype including this SNP and rs3826169, rs17818902 and rs7190053 showed a decreased risk for obesity. Additionally, the rs8061518 was associated with weight, diastolic blood pressure, insulin, homeostatic model assessment of insulin resistance, leptin, and active plasminogen inhibitor activator-1 after sex and age adjustment; however, after an additional BMI adjustment, this polymorphism remained associated only with leptin. We validated the previous reported association of genetic variability in intron 1 of the FTO gene with the risk of obesity and found no association with other related traits in this region of the gene. We have observed strong statistical evidence for an association of rs8061518 in intron 3 of the gene with decreased risk of obesity and low concentration of leptin.
    BMC Medical Genetics 12/2013; 14(1):123. · 2.54 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Because nutritional support in perinatal life has been associated with metabolic programming, children with a history of extrauterine growth restriction (EUGR) might display alterations in the adipocyte and in the secretion of adipokines. The aim of this study was to assess adiponectin, resistin, and leptin concentrations in prepubertal children with a history of EUGR, and to determine the potential correlation between these adipokines and metabolic parameters. This case-control study sample included 38 prepubertal children with a history of EUGR and a control group of 123 healthy children of similar age and sex. Anthropometric measures and blood pressure were assessed. Biochemical markers and blood adipokine concentrations (adiponectin, resistin, and leptin) were evaluated. Adiponectin concentration was significantly lower in the EUGR group compared with controls (EUGR: 11.49 ± 6.07 versus control: 25.72 ± 10.13 μg/mL), and resistin concentration was higher (EUGR: 20332.95 ± 6401.25 versus control: 8056.31 ± 3823.63 pg/mL), even after adjustment for gestational age, weight, and size at birth. Systolic blood pressure was associated with adipokines concentrations in the EUGR group (P < 0.001). In EUGR children adiponectin was associated with high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (P = 0.042), whereas resistin was associated with carbohydrate metabolism parameters (P < 0.001). Early postnatal malnutrition in EUGR children could program adipose tissue. Plasma adipokines can be measured in childhood to identify precocious changes that may be associated with a higher risk for metabolic syndrome or cardiovascular disease later in life.
    Nutrition 09/2013; · 2.86 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Background/Aims: Children undergoing bone marrow transplantation (BMT) often require parenteral nutrition (PN). This is a comparative study of plasma lipid profiles in BMT children after fish oil or soybean PN. Methods: A total of 14 children with BMT requiring PN for at least 10 days were recruited during 24 months. They were randomized to receive a lipid emulsion enriched with ω3 polyunsaturated fatty acid, or soybean oil. Clinical monitoring was performed. Blood samples were collected before and after administration of PN to analyze the lipid profile. Results: There were no complications associated with PN. The increase in TG levels was more pronounced after administration of an enriched ω3 emulsion and the decrease in cHDL and apo A was greater after administration of soybean. The ω3 group showed an increase in eicosapentaenoic and a decrease in arachidonic acids compared to the soybean group. Both groups showed similar levels of linolenic acid. Conclusion: PN with soybean or ω3 emulsions for 10 days is safe in children. However, research in children are necessary in order to examine the impact of the duration of PN and the type of lipid formula used, and determine their health benefits in relation to the fatty acid profile.
    Annals of Nutrition and Metabolism 08/2013; 63(1-2):103-110. · 1.66 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The role of oxidative stress is well known in the pathogenesis of acquired malnutrition. Intrauterine growth restriction has been associated with an imbalance in oxidative stress/antioxidant system. Therefore, early postnatal environment and, consequently, extrauterine growth restriction might be associated with alterations in the antioxidant defense system, even in the prepubertal stage. This is a descriptive, analytical, and observational case-control study. The study included two groups; 38 Caucasian prepubertal children born prematurely and with a history of extrauterine growth restriction as the case group, and 123 gender- and age-matched controls. Plasma exogenous antioxidant (retinol, β-carotene, and α-tocopherol) concentrations were measured by HPLC; antioxidant enzyme activities of catalase, glutathione reductase, glutathione peroxidase, and superoxide dismutase were determined in lysed erythrocytes by spectrophotometric techniques. Catalase and glutathione peroxidase concentrations were significantly lower in extrauterine growth restriction children than in controls (P < 0.001). Lower plasma retinol concentrations were found in the case group (P = 0.029), while concentrations of β-carotene and α-tocopherol were higher (P < 0.001) in extrauterine growth restriction prepubertal children as compared with controls. After correction by gestational age, birth weight, and length, statistically significant differences were also found, except for retinol. Prepubertal children with a history of extrauterine growth restriction present alterations in their antioxidant defense system. Knowing these alterations may be important in establishing pharmacological and nutritional treatments as this situation might be associated with higher metabolic disorders in adulthood.
    European Journal of Nutrition 08/2013; · 3.13 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Changes in paraoxonase 1 (PON1) activities have been observed in a variety of diseases involving oxidative stress, such as CVD. However, its role in obesity has not been fully established. In the present study, we aimed (1) to genotype sixteen PON1 SNP, (2) to measure serum PON1 activities and (3) to correlate these findings with the incidence of childhood obesity and related traits. We conducted a case-control study of 189 normal-weight and 179 obese prepubertal children, and we measured four different PON1 activities: lactonase; paraoxonase; arylesterase; diazoxonase. Although none of these activities was significantly different between the obese and normal-weight children, lactonase activity was found to be positively correlated with HDL-cholesterol and ApoA1 levels and negatively correlated with myeloperoxidase and fatty acid-binding protein 4 levels. Among the sixteen genotyped PON1 SNP, only the intronic SNP rs854566 exhibited a significant association with obesity (OR 0·61, 95 % CI 0·41, 0·91; P= 0·016). This genetic variant was also associated with increased diazoxonase, lactonase and arylesterase activities and decreased paraoxonase activity. Other genetic variants exhibited different association patterns with serum activities based on their location within the PON1 gene, and SNP that were located within the promoter were strongly associated with lactonase, arylesterase and diazoxonase activities. The functional variant Q192R exhibited the greatest effect on paraoxonase activity (P= 5·88 × 10- 42). In conclusion, SNP rs854566 was negatively associated with childhood obesity and with increased serum PON1 activities in prepubertal children. We determined that lactonase is a reliable indicator of PON1 activities and should be included in future studies of PON1 function.
    The British journal of nutrition 06/2013; · 3.45 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Catalase (CAT) is a peroxisomal antioxidant enzyme upregulated upon oxidative stress. Previous studies have found associations between some single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) located in the CAT promoter region in a variety of metabolic diseases. This is the first study to analyze the association of erythrocyte CAT activity and candidate CAT SNPs with childhood obesity. The association study showed a significant positive association of the promoter variant -844A/G with childhood obesity and biomarkers of obesity such as weight, body mass index (BMI), BMI Z-Score and adipocyte fatty acid binding protein, along with a tendency towards significance with insulin resistance biomarkers. In addition CAT erythrocyte activity was found to be significantly lower in obese children and it was significantly correlated with obesity and insulin resistance biomarkers. No association was found between erythrocyte CAT activity and the SNP -844A/G. However, further in vitro and in vivo studies are needed to fully understand the role of CAT activity and SNPs in the development of insulin resistance in the setting of obesity. We hypothesize that CAT plays a role in early metabolic complications of obesity.
    Antioxidants & Redox Signaling 05/2013; · 8.20 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Variants in the neuropeptide Y (NPY) gene have been associated with obesity and its traits. The objective of the present study was to evaluate the association of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the NPY gene with obesity, metabolic syndrome features, and inflammatory and cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk biomarkers in Spanish children. We recruited 292 obese children and 242 normal-body mass index (BMI) children. Height, weight, BMI, waist circumference, clinical and metabolic markers, adipokines, and inflammatory (PCR, IL-6, IL-8 and TNF-α) and CVD risk biomarkers (MPO, MMP-9, sE-selectin, sVCAM, sICAM, and PAI-1) were analyzed. Seven SNPs in the NPY gene were genotyped. The results of our study indicate that anthropometric measurements, clinical and metabolic markers, adipokines (leptin and resistin), and inflammatory and CVD risk biomarkers were generally elevated in the obese group. The exceptions to this finding included cholesterol, HDL-c, and adiponectin, which were lower in the obese group, and glucose, LDL-c, and MMP-9, which did not differ between the groups. Both rs16147 and rs16131 were associated with the risk of obesity, and the latter was also associated with insulin resistance, triacylglycerols, leptin, and HDL-c. Thus, we confirm the association of rs16147 with obesity, and we demonstrate for the first time the association of rs16131 with obesity and its possible impact on the early onset of metabolic syndrome features, mainly triacylglycerols, in children.
    Peptides 04/2013; · 2.52 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Tissue damage resulting from oxidative stress induced by a pathological condition might have more serious consequences in children than in adults. Researchers have not yet identified particular markers - alone or in combination with others - of oxidative stress, or their role in pediatric diseases. The aim of this study was to identify gender-based biomarkers for measuring oxidative stress. Oxidative biomarkers were studied in 138 healthy Spanish children (85 boys, 53 girls) 7 to 12 years of age, at the prepubertal (Tanner I) stage, independent of body mass index (BMI), age, fitness (measured by 20-m shuttle run test), and physical activity (measured by participation in an after-school exercise program). The oxidative biomarkers measured were lipid peroxidation products, total nitrites, protein carbonyls, and oxidized glutathione (GSSG). The antioxidant biomarkers measured were total glutathione (TG), reduced glutathione (GSH), superoxide dismutase activity (SOD), and glutathione peroxidase activity. In the study population, height, weight, waist circumference, and BMI were lower in girls than in boys. For oxidative biomarkers, boys had higher levels of protein carbonyl than girls (p < 0.001). In spite of this, girls had higher levels of GSSG (p < 0.001) and TG (p = 0.001), and a lower GSH/GSSG ratio (p < 0.001) than boys. For the antioxidant response, girls had higher levels of SOD (p = 0.002) than boys. All analyses were adjusted for BMI, age, fitness, and physical activity. In conclusion, prepubertal girls had higher oxidative stress than boys, in addition to higher levels of SOD, independent of age, BMI, fitness, and physical activity.
    Applied Physiology Nutrition and Metabolism 04/2013; 38(4):421-426. · 2.01 Impact Factor
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    Proceedings of The Nutrition Society 01/2013; 72(OCE1). · 3.67 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Background: Vitamin D and calcium play an important role in peak bone mass acquisition. Recent studies have suggested that vitamin D deficiency in children is widespread, mainly during infancy and adolescent years. However, the vitamin D status at others ages is unsufficiently investigated. Objectives: To determine the vitamin D status in prepubertal, healthy South European girls, and to examine the relationship between serum vitamin D concentrations, sun exposure, physical activity and dietary intake. Methods: A cross-sectional observational study was conducted on 56 Caucasian; healthy and prepubertal girls aged 7-10 years. Dietary information, amount of sunlight exposure and activity were estimated. Blood samples were extracted in the first week of December. Results: Vitamin D intake was below the international recommended references. Mean serum vitamin D was 40.07 ± 10.49 ng/ml. No girl presented a level lower than 20 ng/ml; 25% had levels between 20-30 ng/ml and 75% above 30 ng/ml. We have not found differences in vitamin D levels from the girls who did sport and those who were sedentary. Conclusions: Vitamin D status is suitable for prepubertal girls living in the South of Spain at the beginning of winter. However, it is necessary to follow-up girls and check and adequate vitamin D intake, as well as sufficient sun exposure.
    Nutricion hospitalaria: organo oficial de la Sociedad Espanola de Nutricion Parenteral y Enteral 12/2012; 27(6):1993-1998. · 1.31 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Background: Vitamin D and calcium play an important role in peak bone mass acquisition. Recent studies have suggested that vitamin D deficiency in children is widespread, mainly during infancy and adolescent years. However, the vitamin D status at others ages is unsufficiently investigated. Objectives: To determine the vitamin D status in prepubertal, healthy South European girls, and to examine the relationship between serum vitamin D concentrations, sun exposure, physical activity and dietary intake. Methods: A cross-sectional observational study was conducted on 56 Caucasian; healthy and prepubertal girls aged 7-10 years. Dietary information, amount of sunlight exposure and activity were estimated. Blood samples were extracted in the first week of December. Results: Vitamin D intake was below the international recommended references. Mean serum vitamin D was 40.07 ± 10.49 ng/ml. No girl presented a level lower than 20 ng/ml; 25% had levels between 20-30 ng/ml and 75% above 30 ng/ml. We have not found differences in vitamin D levels from the girls who did sport and those who were sedentary. Conclusions: Vitamin D status is suitable for prepubertal girls living in the South of Spain at the beginning of winter. However, it is necessary to follow-up girls and check and adequate vitamin D intake, as well as sufficient sun exposure.
    Nutricion hospitalaria: organo oficial de la Sociedad Espanola de Nutricion Parenteral y Enteral 12/2012; 27(6):1993-8. · 1.31 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Low levels of cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) and physical activity (PA) are associated with a risk of the development of metabolic syndrome. Contradictory findings are reported in the literature regarding the influence of sex and CRF and PA on metabolic changes. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to analyze the effects of CRF and PA on lipid and carbohydrate metabolism biomarkers in boys and girls. METHODS: A total of 82 prepubertal boys and 55 girls (7-12 years of age) were classified according to sex, low or high CRF, and performance or nonperformance of PA. Anthropometric and blood pressure (BP) measurements, plasma lipid profile values, glucose and insulin levels, and homeostasis model assessment for insulin resistance were analyzed. RESULTS: The percentage of boys with high CRF and performance of PA was higher than that of girls (P < 0.05). When children of the same sex were compared, higher values for body mass index and waist circumference z-scores were found for boys with low CRF compared with boys with high CRF (P < 0.001) without differences between girls, and in all groups classified by PA. Systolic and diastolic BPs were higher in boys than in girls, in both CRF and PA groups (P < 0.05). In the low CRF and no PA groups, girls had higher plasma glucose, total cholesterol, and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels than boys, with higher high-density lipoprotein cholesterol and apolipoprotein A levels (P < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Sex in relation to CRF and PA could affect the plasma lipid profile. These changes in girls are associated with low CRF and low levels of PA. Considering these results, we suggest the need to improve CRF and promote PA, especially in girls, to reduce metabolic risk.
    Gender Medicine 10/2012; · 1.69 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE Obesity is associated with a state of chronic low-grade inflammation. Myeloperoxidase (MPO) plays an important role in the initiation and progression of acute and chronic inflammatory diseases, such as cardiovascular disease (CVD). The objectives of the current study were to evaluate plasma MPO levels in prepubertal obese children and to determine whether MPO could be an early biomarker of inflammation and CVD risk. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS In a prospective multicenter case-control study paired by age and sex of 446 Caucasian prepubertal children ages 6-12 years, 223 normal-weight and 223 obese children were recruited. Blood pressure, waist circumference, weight, and height were measured. In addition to MPO, glucose, insulin, metabolic lipid parameters, oxidized low-density lipoproteins, adiponectin, leptin, resistin, C-reactive protein (CRP), interleukin 6, tumor necrosis factor α, matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9), and plasminogen activator inhibitor 1 were determined. RESULTS We found that MPO was elevated in prepubertal obese children and that this enzyme was associated with such proinflammatory and cardiovascular risk biomarkers as CRP, MMP-9, and resistin. Insulin resistance calculated by the homeostatic assessment model was the best predictor of MPO. CONCLUSIONS MPO is an early biomarker of inflammation associated with CVD risk in obese children at the prepubertal age.
    Diabetes care 08/2012; 35(11):2373-6. · 7.74 Impact Factor
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    Mercedes Gil-Campos, Pablo Sanjurjo Crespo
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    ABSTRACT: A number of studies are investigating the role of n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids in children with metabolic inborn errors, while the effects on visual and brain development in premature infants and neonates are well known. However, their function incertain chronic neurological, inflammatory and metabolic disorders is still under study. Standards should be established to help identify the need of docosahexaenoic acid supplementation in conditions requiring a restricted diet resulting in an altered metabolism system, and find scientific evidence on the effects of such supplementation. This study reviews relevant published literature to propose adequate n-3 intake or supplementation doses for different ages and pathologies. The aim of this review is to examine the effects of long chain polyunsaturated fatty acids supplementation in preventing cognitive impairment or in retarding its progress, and to identify nutritional deficiencies, in children with inborn errors of metabolism. Trials were identified from a search of the Cochrane and MEDLINE databases in 2011. These databases include all major completed and ongoing double-blind, placebo-controlled, randomized trials, as well as all studies in which omega-3 supplementation was administered to children with inborn errors, and studies assessing omega-3 fatty acids status in plasma in these pathologies. Although few randomized controlled trials met the inclusion criteria of this review, some evidenced that most of children with inborn errors are deficient in omega-3 fatty acids, and demonstrated that supplementation might improve their neural function, or prevent the progression of neurological impairment. Nontheless, further investigations are needed on this issue.
    The British journal of nutrition 06/2012; 107 Suppl 2:S129-36. · 3.45 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Overweight and obesity are the epidemics of the 21st century in developed countries. Obesity is associated with several metabolic disorders and various diseases such as type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease, high blood pressure, dyslipidemia (high levels of circulating triacylglycerols and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, and low levels of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol), commonly referred to as Metabolic Syndrome (MS). Although there is a therapeutic arsenal to combat some of these diseases, especially type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease, both the intake of proper diets and maintaining healthy lifestyles are considered the best preventive measures. The general population has access to a variety of dietary foods for weight loss, and to nutritional supplements. It is important to identify those foods and supplements that are effective and safe. The purpose of this review is to examine, from a critical point of view, food components currently used by health professionals and by the general population as coadjuvants in the prevention of obesity.
    International Journal for Vitamin and Nutrition Research 06/2012; 82(3):148-56. · 1.27 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To assess the impact of fitness status and physical activity on oxidative stress in prepubertal children, we measured selected biomarkers such as protein carbonyls (PC), lipid peroxidation products, and total nitrites, as well as the antioxidant system: total glutathione (TG), oxidized glutathione (GSSG), reduced glutathione (GSH), superoxide dismutase activity, and glutathione peroxidase. A total of 132 healthy children ages 7-12, at prepubertal stage, were classified into two groups according to their fitness level: low fitness (LF) and high fitness (HF). They were observed while engaged in an after-school exercise program, and a questionnaire was created to obtain information on their physical activity or sedentary habits. Plasma and red blood cells were obtained to analyze biomarkers. Regarding oxidative stress markers, the LF group and the sedentary group showed higher levels of TG and GSSG and a lower GSH/GSSG ratio than the HF group and the children engaged in physical activity. A negative association was found between PC and GSSG and TG and between TG and the GSH/GSSG ratio. Moreover, a negative correlation was found between GSSG and fitness, with a positive correlation with the GSH/GSSG ratio. TG, GSSG, and the GSH/GSSG ratio seem to be reliable markers of oxidative stress in healthy prepubertal children with low fitness or sedentary habits. This research contributes to the recognition that an adequate level of fitness and recreational physical activity in childhood leads to better health and oxidative status.
    Free Radical Biology and Medicine 05/2012; 53(3):415-20. · 5.27 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Background:The 11β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 1 (11β-HSD1) enzyme catalyses the regeneration of active cortisol from inert cortisone and plays a critical role in tissue-specific corticosteroid reactions; therefore, 11β-HSD1 is a key molecule associated with the development of obesity. Despite evidence for its role in obesity, no genetic polymorphisms have been significantly associated with the disease per se.Objective:The aim of this study was to evaluate whether HSD11B1 gene variants, which have never been studied before, are associated with obesity and its related traits, as well as its relation to biomarkers of inflammation, liver damage and cardiovascular disease in a cohort of Spanish children.Design:We performed a prospective case-control study.Subjects:A total of 534 children were examined and classified as being obese (n=292) or normal weight (n=242). Anthropometric and biochemical measurements related to obesity, including inflammation, liver damage and cardiovascular disease, were determined. Genomic DNA was extracted and 10 HSD11B1 gene single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) were genotyped.Results:A novel SNP, rs3753519, was strongly associated with obesity and this SNP was the only statistically significant HSD11B1 gene SNP remaining after a Bonferroni correction (odds ratio=1.97 for allelic effect, 95% confidence interval 1.23-3.16; P=0.004 and Bonferroni corrected P=0.046). In addition, this SNP was significantly and positively associated with increased body mass index (BMI), BMI z-score, weight, waist circumference, plasma γ-glutamyl transpeptidase and plasma active plasminogen activator inhibitor 1. The SNP was negatively associated with plasma adiponectin and cortisol after adjusting for sex and age. None of the inflammation biomarkers tested were associated with the risk allele.Conclusion:These data, which link an HSD11B1 genotype with both disease prevalence and its related phenotypes, strongly support a role for the rs3753519 polymorphism in the pathogenesis of pediatric-onset obesity.International Journal of Obesity advance online publication, 7 February 2012; doi:10.1038/ijo.2012.4.
    International journal of obesity (2005) 02/2012; · 5.22 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

492 Citations
132.52 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2013
    • Instituto Maimónides de Investigación Biomédica de Córdoba
      Cordoue, Andalusia, Spain
  • 2012
    • Universidad Católica de Córdoba
      • Facultad de Educación
      Córdoba, Provincia de Cordoba, Argentina
  • 2004–2012
    • Hospital Universitario Reina Sofía
      Cordoue, Andalusia, Spain
  • 2006–2010
    • University of Murcia
      • Facultad de Biología
      Murcia, Murcia, Spain
  • 2008
    • University of Granada
      • Departamento de Bioquímica y Biología Molecular II
      Granada, Andalusia, Spain