N Mininni

Second University of Naples, Caserta, Campania, Italy

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Publications (70)111.87 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: The publisher regrets that this was an accidental duplication of an article that has already been published in Eur. J. Echocardiogr., 4 (2003) 202-208, . The duplicate article has therefore been withdrawn.
    European Heart Journal – Cardiovascular Imaging 11/2006; · 2.65 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Stress echocardiography has become a common non-invasive test in patients with chest pain and known or suspected coronary artery disease, but, as with exercise electrocardiography, it shows several major limitations. Analysis of gray-scale images based on subjective visual interpretation of wall motion and thickening has considerable variability even among experts. Doppler myocardial imaging and strain rate imaging echocardiography provides additional information in comparison with conventional echocardiography. These techniques provide quantification of regional wall motion at rest and during stress. Quantification of both systolic and diastolic myocardial function by either Doppler myocardial imaging or strain rate imaging mapping during dobutamine stress test has been shown to be a feasible, accurate, non-invasive tool that should be considered to be a sensitive alternative to the present echocardiographic and scintigraphic imaging techniques for stress tests. Time consuming off-line analysis of color images is required in the present state of technology. However, these non-invasive techniques are rapidly evolving and expanding. Further refinements in signal processing and quantitative analysis are likely in the near future.
    Journal of Cardiovascular Medicine 08/2006; 7(7):480-90. · 1.41 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of our study was to evaluate the effect of cardiac resyncronization therapy (CRT) on QT dispersion (QTd), JT dispersion (JTd) and transmural dispersion of re-polarization (TDR), markers of heterogeneity of ventricular repolarization in a study population with severe heart failure. Fifty patients (43 male, 7 female, aged 60.2 ± 3.1 years) suffering from congestive heart failure (N = 39 NYHA class III; N = 11 NYHA class IV) as a result of coronary artery disease (N = 19) or of dilated cardiomyopathy (N = 31), sinus rhythm, QRS duration >130 ms (mean QRS duration >156 ± 21 ms), an ejection fraction < 35%, left ventricular end-diastolic diameter >55 mm, underwent permanent biventricular DDDR pacemaker implantation. A 12-lead standard electrocardiogram was performed at baseline, during right-, left-, and biventricular pacing and QTd, JTd and TDR were assessed. Biventricular pacing significantly reduced QTd (73.93 ± 19.4 ms during BiVP vs 91 ± 6.7 ms at sinus rhythm, p = 0.004), JTd (73.18 ± 17.16 ms during BiVP vs 100.72 ± 39.04 at baseline p = 0.003), TDR (93.16 ± 15.60 vs 101.55 ± 19.08 at baseline; p<0.004), as compared to sinus rhythm. Right ventricular endocardial pacing and left ventricular epicardial pacing both enhanced QTd (RVendoP 94 ± 51 ms, p<0.03; LVepiP 116 ±71 ms, p<0.02) and TDR (RVendoP 108.13 ± 19.94 ms; p<0.002; LVepiP 114.71 ± 26.1; p<0.05).There was no effect on JTd during right and left ventricular stimulation. Biventricular pacing causes a statistically significant reduction of ventricular heterogeneity of ripolarization and has an electrophysiological antiarrhythmic influence on arrhythmogenic substrate of dilatative cardiomiopathy.
    Heart International 05/2006; 2(1):27.
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    ABSTRACT: According to the statements from the International Cardiological Committees on Eligibility for Sports, athletes with a clinical diagnosis of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) should be excluded from most competitive sports, with the possible exception of those of low intensity. Clinical distinctions between physiological athlete's heart and pathological conditions such as HCM have critical implications especially for trained athletes. Even if the standard two-dimensional echocardiography represents an irreplaceable method in the evaluation of cardiac adaptations to physical exercise, the data currently available suggest the usefulness of Doppler myocardial imaging (DMI) in the assessment of the myocardial systolic and diastolic function of the athlete's heart. On this ground, the combined use of standard two-dimensional echocardiography and DMI may be taken into account for a valid, non-invasive and easily repeatable evaluation of both physiological and pathological ventricular hypertrophy, and in selecting a subgroup of HCM patients at higher risk of cardiac events. In particular, DMI analysis in the trained individual has demonstrated an interesting opportunity for: (1) the differential diagnosis from pathological left ventricular hypertrophy due to HCM; (2) the prediction of cardiac performance during physical effort; (3) the evaluation of bi-ventricular interaction; (4) the analysis of myocardial adaptations to various training protocols; and (5) the early identification of specific genotypes associated with cardiomyopathies.
    Journal of Cardiovascular Medicine 05/2006; 7(4):257-66. · 1.41 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To assess the prognostic significance of supine bicycle exercise stress echocardiography (ESE) for cardiac events, and the ESE additional role compared to other traditional clinical and echo variables, in patients with proven or suspected coronary artery disease (CAD). Clinical status and long-term outcome were assessed in 607 patients, for a mean period of 49.9 +/- 12.5 months. ESE was performed for the diagnosis of suspected CAD in 267 patients, and for the risk stratification in 340 patients. At baseline, the mean value of WMSI was 1.22 +/- 0.36, and the mean left ventricular ejection fraction was 58.2 +/- 10.9%. The ESE was positive for ischemia in 210 patients (34.9%), while the ECG was suggestive for ischemia in 157 patients. At peak effort, the mean WMSI was 1.38 +/- 0.46. Low work load was achieved by 158 patients (26.1%). During the follow-up period there were 222 events, including 48 cardiac deaths and 34 acute non-fatal myocardial infarction. By multivariable model, cigarette smoking, peak WMSI, positive ESE for ischemia and low work load were the only independent predictors of cardiac death. The cumulative 5-year mean survival rate according to ESE response was 95.9% in patients with negative ESE, and 81.7% in positive ESE (p < 0.00001). In patients with known or suspected CAD able to perform a physical stress, bicycle ESE is able to stratify patients at higher risk of cardiac events. The final report of an ESE performed for prognostic purpose should include both the assessment of induced dyssinergy and the evaluation of indexes of the extent and the severity of myocardial ischemia.
    European Heart Journal – Cardiovascular Imaging 08/2005; 6(4):271-9. · 2.65 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Accurate echocardiographic parameters to predict maintenance of sinus rhythm in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) are poorly defined. This study was conducted to assess the atrial myocardial properties during AF through myocardial velocity, strain rate, and strain and to compare their prognostic value in maintaining sinus rhythm in patients with lone AF with standard transthoracic (TTE) and transesophageal echocardiography (TEE). Sixty-five consecutive patients with lone AF for < or =3 months underwent TTE, TEE, and myocardial velocity and strain and strain rate imaging examinations before successful external cardioversion. Maintenance of sinus rhythm was assessed during a 9-month follow-up. Atrial myocardial velocity, strain, and strain rate values in AF patients were compared with those of age- and sex-matched referents. Moreover, clinical and echocardiographic parameters of patients with maintenance of sinus rhythm (MSR patients) over the 9-month follow-up period (n=25) were compared with those from patients with AF recurrence (AFR patients; n=40). Atrial myocardial properties assessed by myocardial velocity, strain rate, and strain were significantly reduced (P<0.0001) in patients (velocity, 3.2+/-1.4 cm/s; strain, 23.3+/-19%; strain rate, 2+/-0.9 seconds(-1)) compared with referents (velocity, 5.7+/-1.3 cm/s; strain, 92+/-26%; strain rate, 4.2+/-1.8 seconds(-1)). The individual predictors of sinus rhythm maintenance were atrial appendage flow velocity (MSR patients, 39+/-12 cm/s; AFR patients, 32+/-15 cm/s; P<0.01) assessed by TEE and atrial strain (MSR patients, 33+/-27%; AFR patients, 17+/-9%; P=0.0007) and strain rate (MSR patients, 2.7+/-1 seconds(-1); AFR patients, 1.6+/-0.6 seconds(-1); P<0.0001) peak systolic values. Atrial strain (P<0.0001; coefficient, 0.015; SE, 0.003) and strain rate (P<0.0001; coefficient, 0.372; SE, 0.075) parameters alone were confirmed as independent predictors of sinus rhythm maintenance by multivariable analysis. Patients with higher atrial strain and strain rate appear to have a greater likelihood of staying in sinus rhythm. If the current data are verified in future studies, then additional pharmacological therapy and maintenance of anticoagulants for a longer period may need to be considered in those with lower atrial strain and strain rate measurements.
    Circulation 08/2005; 112(3):387-95. · 14.95 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to assess the long-term predictive values of supine bicycle exercise stress echocardiography (ESE), and the ESE additional role compared to other traditional clinical and rest echocardiographic variables, in 607 patients with low, intermediate and high pretest risk of cardiac events. Clinical status and long-term outcome were assessed for a mean period of 46 months (range 12-60 months). ESE was performed for the diagnosis of suspected coronary artery disease (CAD) in 267 patients (43.9%), and for risk stratification of known CAD in 340 patients (56.1%). At baseline, the mean value of wall motion score index (WMSI) was 1.22 +/- 0.36, and the mean left ventricular ejection fraction was 58.5 +/- 10.9%. ESE was positive for ischemia in 210 patients (34.9%), while ECG was suggestive for ischemia in 157 patients (25.8%). During the test only 97 patients (15.9%) experienced angina. At peak effort, the mean WMSI was 1.38 +/- 0.46. A low workload was achieved by 158 patients (26.1%). During the follow-up period there were 222 events, including 82 hard events (36.9%), 48 deaths (21.6%) and 34 acute non-fatal myocardial infarction (15.3%). At stepwise multivariate model, cigarette smoking (p < 0.01), peak WMSI (p < 0.001), ESE positive for ischemia (p < 0.001) and low workload (p < 0.01) were the only independent predictors of cardiac death, while positive ESE, peak WMSI, angina during the test and hypercholesterolemia were the only independent determinants of hard cardiac events. The cumulative 5-year mean survival rate according to ESE response was 95.9% in patients with negative ESE, and 83.7% in patients with positive ESE (log rank 13.6; p < 0.00001). ESE yields prognostic information in known or suspected CAD, especially in patients with intermediate pretest risk level. The combined evaluation of clinical variables and other ESE variables, such as peak WMSI and exercise capacity, may further select patients at greatest risk of cardiac death in the overall population.
    Italian heart journal: official journal of the Italian Federation of Cardiology 07/2005; 6(7):565-72.
  • Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography 06/2005; 18(5):481-2. · 3.99 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Strain/strain rate are a new echocardiographic technique able to quantify regional myocardial deformation. Since myocardial velocity, obtained by standard tissue Doppler, is affected by global heart motion, cardiac rotation and influence from velocities in other segments, strain/strain rate have been introduced to measure regional shortening fraction and shortening rate, respectively. The present review discusses the most recent developments in the application of strain/strain rate in coronary artery disease.
    Italian heart journal. Supplement: official journal of the Italian Federation of Cardiology 02/2005; 6(1):17-24.
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    ABSTRACT: Few data are available to show benefit of bifocal pacing (BIF) in HF patients. Regional strain rate (SR) and strain (S) may be a new echographic approach to quantify regional function during BIF pacing. Acute changes may be showed in patients during BIF vs VVI pacing. Ten HF pts (7 m, 63�11y, 7 ischemic with LBBB, NYHA class 3), were evaluated after two years implantation of BIF device. Acute influence of the site of ventricular pacing was studied in the same session by comparison of the BIF pacing (two RV leads: one on septum and one in apex) vs VVI stimulation in sinus rhythm. SR, S peaks systolic curves and myocardial mean systolic velocity (Sm) were calculated at level of basal segment of septum, LV lateral wall and RV free wall. Results The BIF increased both SR of LV lateral wall [-2,03�0,8 vs 1,23�0,3 1/s, p:<0,05], and S [-17,9�8 vs -13,3�6 %]. No differences were observed in Sm data [3,58�1,2 vs 3,18�1,3 m/s]. Conclusion SR is useful to evaluate the better acute performance of BIF in respect of conventional pacing.
    Europace 01/2005; · 3.05 Impact Factor
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    European Heart Journal – Cardiovascular Imaging 12/2003; 4. · 2.65 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Our study was undertaken to assess the prognostic significance of pharmacological stress echocardiography in 325 diabetic patients. Pharmacological stress echocardiography was performed for diagnosis of coronary artery disease in 128 patients, and for risk stratification in 197 patients. Follow-up was 34 months. Cardiac-related death and non-fatal myocardial infarction were considered hard events. During the follow-up period, there were 38 deaths and 23 acute non-fatal myocardial infarctions. By univariate analysis, a pharmacological stress echocardiography positive response for ischaemia indicated an increased risk of cardiovascular death. However, by multivariate analysis, advanced age and peak ejection fraction <40% were the only independent predictors of cardiac death. The same peak ejection fraction (EF) <40%, rest wall motion score index and previous myocardial infarction were independent predictors of hard events. After dividing the population into two subgroups on the basis of EF at rest, only a peak EF <40% and a pharmacological stress echocardiography positive test were powerful independent predictors of cardiovascular mortality.
    European Heart Journal – Cardiovascular Imaging 09/2003; 4(3):202-8. · 2.65 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to evaluate the patency of left and right internal mammary artery grafts respectively on the left anterior descending and right coronary artery by noninvasive transthoracic color Doppler echocardiography. Thirty eight patients (34 males, 4 females, mean age 59 +/- 2 years), with a history of coronary artery bypass grafting for a total of 42 mammary artery grafts, were studied by means of color Doppler echocardiography at baseline and after vasodilation with dipyridamole infusion (0.56 mg/kg i.v. over 4 min). The evaluated echocardiographic parameters included: systolic (SPV) and diastolic peak velocities (DPV), systolic (SVI) and diastolic velocity-time integrals (DVI), and the DPV/SPV and DVI/SVI ratios. We also calculated the dipyridamole infusion to baseline ratio of the diastolic peak velocities (DPVdip/DPVbaseline), the index of internal mammary artery graft blood flow reserve and the percent DPV increment as an index of graft stenosis. On the basis of coronary angiography, two groups were selected: group A (36 mammary grafts) with patent grafts and group B (6 mammary grafts) with moderate or severe stenosis of the grafts. Group A had a predominant diastolic pattern with a DPV of 0.24 +/- 0.13 m/s, whereas group B had a predominant systolic pattern with a reduced DPV of 0.12 +/- 0.03 m/s (p < 0.01). Dipyridamole induced an increase in the DPV respectively of 86.8 +/- 64.4% in group A and 13.8 +/- 15.9% in group B (p < 0.001). Statistical analysis (Mann-Whitney test) revealed a significant difference between the two groups for the baseline DPV (p < 0.01), DVI (p < 0.05), DPV/SPV ratio (p < 0.005), DVI/SVI ratio (p < 0.05), and for the after dipyridamole infusion values: DPV (p < 0.0001), DVI (p < 0.005), DPV/SPV ratio (p < 0.001), and DVI/SVI ratio (p < 0.05). Multivariate analysis showed that the percent DPV increment, the DPVdip/DPVbaseline ratio and the baseline DPV were independent determinants of the stenosis as evaluated at angiography (beta = -0.38, p < 0.01; beta = -0.37, p < 0.01, and beta = -0.33, p < 0.05, respectively; cumulative r2 = 0.25, standard error 0.30 m/s, p < 0.005). The echocardiographic evaluation of the mammary grafts is a simple, noninvasive method for the assessment of the graft patency and of the functional status of the vessel. The percent DPV increment and baseline DPV were independent determinants of mammary graft stenosis.
    Italian heart journal: official journal of the Italian Federation of Cardiology 04/2003; 4(3):173-8.
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    ABSTRACT: The use of electrophysiologic studies (EPS) for the localization of accessory atrioventricular connections in Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome (WPW) requires accurate evaluation of the site of bypass tract insertion. Doppler myocardial imaging (DMI) is a new ultrasound technique that allows the detection of abnormal and early regional myocardial depolarization. The purpose of this study was to identify an abnormal pathway site in WPW patients. Twenty-one patients with ventricular preexcitation were studied by DMI. Two-dimensional color DMI, velocity maps, acceleration maps, and pulsed-wave applications were used. A subsequent diagnostic EPS was performed. The results of EPS were taken as the gold standard diagnostic procedure. Radiofrequency catheter ablation therapy was then performed on all patients. The anomalous pathway was detected by DMI in 16 (76%) of 21 patients (9 [90%] of 10 with left pathways and 7 [64%] of 11 with right pathways), with respect to results of the EPS. Pathway detection was better with pulsed-wave DMI (76%) with its higher temporal resolution as compared with M-mode velocity map (57%) and acceleration map (47%). In most of the patients with successful radiofrequency ablation, an immediate resolution of the abnormal ventricular depolarization occurred and was detectable by DMI. Our findings demonstrate the feasibility of DMI to assess the early ventricular contraction associated with atrioventricular accessory pathways. Therefore, DMI appears to be a clinically useful adjunct to noninvasive evaluation of abnormal myocardial depolarization in WPW and to evaluate the results after radiofrequency ablation, even though its accuracy is considerably better for left-sided accessory pathways than for right-sided ones.
    Echocardiography 08/2002; 19(5):373-81. · 1.25 Impact Factor
  • The American Journal of Cardiology 08/2002; 90(2):193-7. · 3.43 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The diagnostic tools available for the evaluation of mitral stenosis are two-dimensional and Doppler echocardiography, which are able to identify morphologic and flow changes. Two-dimensional echocardiography can be used to assess the morphological appearance of the mitral valve apparatus, including its mobility and thickness and the presence of calcified leaflets and subvalvular fusion. Wilkins'score permits evaluation of each variable which, on the basis of its severity, is scored according to a point system ranging from 1 to 4. In patients with severe mitral stenosis, a low total score (< 8) and elastic symmetric commissures suggest valvuloplasty. A total score > 10 and the presence of more than mild mitral regurgitation or of calcification of both commissures suggest valvular replacement. The left atrial and ventricular chamber sizes and other associated valvular diseases can also be assessed at two-dimensional or Doppler echocardiography. The severity of obstruction can be assessed using two-dimensional and Doppler echocardiographic area (pressure half-time, proximal isovelocity surface area, continuity equation) and with the mean transmitral gradient measured using a continuous wave Doppler signal across the mitral valve. Valvuloplasty can also be performed in patients with a high score when surgery is contraindicated. During follow-up it is necessary to evaluate the area, the mean gradient, the right ventricular systolic pressure and the presence of a residual atrial septal defect and mitral regurgitation. Restenosis is diagnosed when the valve area decreases to 50% of that achieved during valvuloplasty or surgery.
    Italian heart journal. Supplement: official journal of the Italian Federation of Cardiology 07/2002; 3(7):698-706.
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    ABSTRACT: To analyze pulsed-Doppler tissue imaging (DTI) of the right ventricular (RV) tricuspid annulus and left ventricular (LV) mitral annulus in patients paced in the DDD mode at three different pacing modes as compared with healthy subjects, and to investigate possible physiologic interaction between the RV and LV in this subgroup of patients. We selected a population of 22 subjects with pacemakers (PM) for atrioventricular (AV) block and/or sick sinus syndrome and compared them to 20 healthy subjects. Standard echo Doppler and DTI parameters were measured at baseline (heart rate [HR] 70 beats/min; AV delay 125 msec) and after at least 5 minutes of constant stimulation at two different pacing modes: (1) HR 70 beats/min, AV delay 188 msec, and (2) HR 89 beats/min, AV delay 125 msec. LV stroke volume was obtained by LV outflow Doppler method. In the PM group, RV and LV annulus exhibited significantly higher peak systolic (S(m)) and early (E(m)) diastolic wall velocities than controls. In the PM population, LV stroke volume was strongly associated to RV E(m) peak velocity (r = 0.83; P < 0.00001) and RV S(m) peak velocity (r = 0.81; P < 0.0001). These associations between LV stroke volume and RV DTI parameters remained significant even after increase of HR and AV delay in the pacing modalities. Moreover, univariate relations were found in the PM group between DTI indexes of RV tricuspid annulus and the homologous indexes of LV mitral annulus. In a multiple linear regression analysis, both RV E(m) (P < 0.001) and RV S(m) (P < 0.001) were related independently to LV stroke volume (cumulative R(2) = 0.85, P < 0.00001). Our findings suggest the usefulness of pulsed-DTI to display physiologic ventricular interaction in patients with PM. Therefore, DTI may be taken into account as a valuable supporting tool to predict LV systolic performance and to select the most appropriate pacing mode in individual PM patients.
    Echocardiography 05/2002; 19(4):289-97. · 1.25 Impact Factor
  • Journal of the American College of Cardiology 03/2002; 39:255-255. · 15.34 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

601 Citations
111.87 Total Impact Points


  • 2005–2006
    • Second University of Naples
      • Faculty of Medicine and Surgery
      Caserta, Campania, Italy
    • Azienda Ospedaliera G. Rummo
      Benevento, Campania, Italy
  • 2000–2006
    • Monaldi Hospital
      Napoli, Campania, Italy
  • 1999–2002
    • University of Naples Federico II
      • Department of Molecular Medicine and Medical Biotechnology
      Napoli, Campania, Italy
  • 1997
    • Azienda Ospedaliera Cotugno
      Napoli, Campania, Italy