P Sfriso

University of Padova, Padua, Veneto, Italy

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Publications (56)117.25 Total impact

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: This study aimed to investigate, using an in vitro model, the mechanisms involved in the effects linked to a novel hexadecylamide derivative of hyaluronic acid (HA), HYADD®4 (HS), on some inflammatory aspects related to the osteoarthritis process. The human leukemic monocytic cell line THP-1 was stimulated with calcium pyrophosphate (CPP) crystals or lipopolysaccaride (LPS) and cultured in the presence of HS or two unmodified HAs (500-730 kDa and >1,500 kDa, respectively). The effects of the three HA derivatives were compared by examining the inhibition of IL-1ß and IL-8 release, the phagocytic capacity of THP-1, and HA's physical interference with the cytokines and their biological activity. Adding HS simultaneously with the stimuli led to a marked (nearly 100%) decrease in cytokine release and biological activity with respect to the two unmodified HAs. The effect was not altered when a CD44 function-blocking monoclonal antibody was used. Incubation of the three derivatives with IL-1ß and IL-8 led to a reduced bioavailability of the cytokines in the medium in the presence of HS but not of unmodified HA. This study examines a novel mechanism inhibiting cytokine bioactivity. The HA hexadecylamide derivative was found to suppress, in vitro, the inflammatory response induced by CPP crystals and LPS by reducing the bioavailability of the two cytokines that were analyzed. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. Copyright © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc., A Wiley Company.
    Journal of Biomedical Materials Research Part A 02/2015; · 2.83 Impact Factor
  • Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases 01/2014; 72(Suppl 3):A947-A947. · 9.27 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Objective. Coeliac disease (CD) is a systemic autoimmune condition induced by gluten consumption in genetically predisposed people, affecting ∼1% of the general population. In the literature, there are many studies that report the association between CD and different kinds of arthritis. The aim of this study was to investigate the presence of entheseal abnormalities by US in patients with CD without clinical signs of articular involvement as compared with healthy control subjects. Methods. Sixty patients with CD attending the gastroenterology outpatient clinic of the University Federico II of Naples and 60 healthy control subjects matched for age and sex were enrolled in this study. Coeliac patients and healthy controls underwent clinical and US examination. Results. Among 60 CD patients, 24 (40%) presented at least one entheseal alteration as compared with 6 (10%) control subjects (P < 0.01). In CD patients, the entheseal site more frequently involved was patellar (distal and proximal), while in the healthy controls the enthesopathies were all localized at the Achilles tendon. Conclusion. In conclusion, the results of this study underline the ability of US to detect signs of subclinical enthesopathy and indicate the presence of a higher prevalence of subclinical enthesopathies in asymptomatic CD patients.
    Rheumatology (Oxford, England) 05/2013; · 4.44 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to investigate apolipoprotein (apo) A-I, apo B, lipoprotein (Lp) (a), HDL-cholesterol (C), LDL-C, triglycerides (TG) and total cholesterol (TC) values in the serum and synovial fluid (SF) of untreated rheumatoid arthritis (RA), psoriatic arthritis (PsA), and osteoarthritis (OA) patients. Paired SF and serum samples were collected simultaneously from 14 patients with RA, 14 with PsA, and 16 with OA and tested for apo A-I, apo B, HDL-C, LDL-C, Lp(a), TC and TG. Serum C reactive protein (CRP) and amyloid A (SAA) levels were also determined. The inflammatory arthritis patients had higher SF lipid levels with the exception of HDL. Reflecting increased synovial permeability, the lipid SF/serum ratio was always higher in RA and PsA with respect to OA patients. The positive correlation between serum and SF apo A-I, apo B, HDL-C, TG, and Lp(a) levels confirmed that there is lipoprotein diffusion into the SF. RA and PsA patients had lower concentrations of all serum lipids except for Lp(a) with respect to OA patients. The levels in the RA patients were similar to those in healthy matched controls, while the PsA patients had significantly lower apo A-I and HDL levels and higher apo B and LDL values. Lipid diffusion into the joint cavity, which largely depends on the degree of inflammation, may contribute to modulating local inflammatory processes.
    Clinica chimica acta; international journal of clinical chemistry 01/2012; 413(1-2):303-7. · 2.54 Impact Factor
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    Reumatismo 09/2011; 60(2):77-84.
  • Reumatismo. 09/2011; 58(4).
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    ABSTRACT: We evaluated both the efficacy and safety of anakinra in daily routine rheumatoid arthritis clinical practice. We studied 60 cases, including patients with previous anti-TNFalpha exposure, treated with anakinra (100 mg/daily s.c.) in combination with methotrexate (7.5-10 mg/week i.m.) or leflunomide (20 mg/die) in a two year observational study. Efficacy measures were assessed using the American College of Rheumatology (ACR) response criteria. Safety was evaluated according to a modified World Health Organization adverse reaction term dictionary. At week 14, ACR 20% response criteria have been fulfilled by 53 (91.3%) out of 58 patients, 51 (87.9%) of them achieving also an ACR 50%and 15 (25.8%) an ACR 70%response. Thirteen patients touched 102 weeks of treatment: ACR 20% response was achieved in 92.3%, while ACR 50% and ACR 70% were respectively found in 84.6% and 38.4% of the cases. The mean decrease in HAQ score was 0.38, p<0.001. Of the 16 patients who were previously treated with anti-TNFalpha blockers, 81.2% responded to anakinra. There was no significant difference in the ACR response between groups with and without previous anti-TNFalpha exposure. Seventeen patients (28.3%) stopped anakinra because of side-effects (5%) or failure to respond (23.3%). Only 4 cases of pulmonitis, of which 2 have been hospitalised, and 1 case with tuberculosis (previously treated with infliximab) were observed. Our clinical experience confirms that anakinra is effective and safe in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis. Anakinra seems also useful in patients with previous anti-TNFalpha blockers failures. Even though major adverse events were rare, clinicians should be aware of such a possibility.
    Reumatismo 09/2011; 59(1):32-7.
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    ABSTRACT: Patients suffering from rheumatoid arthritis have increased risk of infections when compared with general population. The risk depends directly from disease activity and severity. Furthermore, risk increases with aging, immunosuppressive agents and comorbidities such as diabetes, pulmonary and cardiac diseases. In particular corticosteroids, even at low doses, are a major risk factor. Due to disease related risk it is difficult to separate the risk deriving from the use of TNF alpha blockers. Data from clinical trials, meta-analysis and national registers are somewhat contradictory. In patients with rheumatoid arthritis on routine follow-up, treatment with TNF alpha blockers seems to carry an increased risk of infections compared to traditional DMARDs but not associated with increased risk of overall serious infection. Physicians should carefully monitor for signs of infection when using TNF alpha blockers, particularly shortly after treatment initiation.
    Reumatismo 06/2011; 61(3):165-73.
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    ABSTRACT: Diffuse-type tenosynovial giant cell tumors, also known as pigmented villonodular synovitis, are unique mesenchymal lesions that arise from the synovial tissue of the joints. They are predominantly intraarticular, aggressive, infiltrative processes, characterized by both inflammatory or neoplastic properties and local destructive progression. The pattern of synovial gene and protein expressions in pigmented villonodular synovitis, similar to those in activated macrophages in rheumatoid arthritis, and the phenotype of multinucleated giant cells, characteristic of osteoclasts, suggest that there is a common autocrine mechanism in osteoclast differentiation in both diseases and indicate the potential utility of tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha blockade. High synovial colony stimulating factor 1 (CSF1) messenger RNA (m RNA) expression in pigmented villonodular synovitis, unrelated to a chromosomal translocation involving CSF1 locus, may indicate that there is a synergic paracrine loop mediated by TNF-alpha and CSF1, as shown in both inflammatory and neoplastic conditions. The effects of a new therapeutic approach consisting in intraarticular TNF-alpha blockade were studied in four pigmented villonodular synovitis knees. Knee injections produced a rapid reduction in clinical and sonographic indexes and immunohistological alterations, confirmed by arthroscopic synovectomy. A delayed relapse in one of the four knees and unaltered synovial CSF1 expression were other important findings. In the light of these observations, CSF1/CSF1R interaction probably represents a more sensible therapeutic target than TNF-alpha blockade in the diffuse form of pigmented villonodular synovitis.
    Autoimmunity reviews 09/2010; 9(11):780-4. · 6.37 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate whether high density lipoproteins (HDL) affect monosodium urate (MSU) crystal-induced inflammation in the murine air pouch model. MSU crystals were prepared by Denko's method and sterilized by heating at 180°C for 2 h before each experiment. Human HDL were isolated from peripheral blood of healthy volunteers. MSU crystals (2 mg in 1 ml of PBS) were injected into subcutaneous air pouches in mice in the presence or absence of HDL (0.1 mg). Negative control pouches received 1 ml of PBS. To recover pouch fluid, the pouches were washed with 2 ml of PBS after the animals were sacrificed. The leukocyte count in the lavage fluids was obtained using a hemocytometer and differential leukocyte count was determined by May-Grunwald-Giemsa staining. IL-6, KC, CCL2 and TNF-α levels were measured in exudates by ELISA. MSU crystals increased the number of leukocytes and the neutrophil migration, as well as the concentrations of IL-6, KC and CCL2 in pouch fluids, while the TNF-α levels were not detectable. The treatment with HDL led to a reduction in all inflammatory parameters: the leukocyte count decreased by 73%; the neutrophil density decreased by 35%; the IL-6, KC and CCL2 concentration decreased by 4-, 6- and 5-fold respectively. This study shows that HDL may limit the inflammatory process by inhibiting leukocyte recruitment and cytokine release. HDL are likely to represent a mechanism of control of crystal-induced inflammation.
    Reumatismo 01/2010; 62(4):266-72.
  • American Thoracic Society 2009 International Conference, May 15-20, 2009 • San Diego, California; 04/2009
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    ABSTRACT: MonitorNet is a database established by the Italian Society of Rheumatology (SIR) in January 2007 and funded by the Italian Medicines Agency (AIFA), for the active long-term follow-up of patients with rheumatoid arthritis, psoriatic arthritis and ankylosing spondylitis treated with biologic agents. All hospital Rheumatology Units in Italy were invited to participate in a non-interventional, observational, epidemiological study. The study is conducted in a routine clinical setting (real-world practice) where biologics are prescribed on the basis of current recommendations. In this report we describe the design, methodology, and present preliminary data of the study. At the time of the analysis (April 2009) the database included 3510 patients: 2469 (70.3%) with established RA, 675 (19.2%) with PsA and 366 (10.4%) with AS. The cumulative follow up period was 8,787 patient-years (RA: 8,388, PsA: 157; AS: 242). There were 1,538 adverse events in 938 (26.7%) patients. Infections were recorded in 630 patients, skin-related adverse events in 142 and post-infusion reactions in 90. A total of 30 malignancies were reported. An interim analysis of efficacy was conducted on 2,148 RA patients. Seven hundred and thirty-one patients (35.8%) achieved EULAR remission (defined as DAS28<2.4). When assessed with the more restrictive CDAI and SDAI criteria, the frequency of remission was lower (17.9% and 14.7% respectively). Availability of funding for this study provided an opportunity to organize a collaborative national network of rheumatology clinics to develop a large multicentre observational study.
    Reumatismo 01/2009; 61(2):132-9.
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    ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE: To investigate lipid and apolipoprotein (Apo) levels in synovial fluid (SF) and serum of patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), psoriatic arthritis (PsA) and osteoarthritis (OA). METHODS: SF of 44 patients (14 RA, 14 PsA, 16 OA) was tested for Apo A-I, HDL-C, total cholesterol (TC), IL-1Beta, TNF-alpha, white blood cell count (WBC) and polymorphonucleate (PMN) percentage. Blood samples, collected simultaneously to the SF, were examined for Apo A-I, HDL-C, TC, TNF-alpha, serum amyloid A (SAA) and C-reactive protein (CRP). Thirty-three healthy donors served as a control group. RESULTS: Serum levels of Apo A-I, HDL-C and TC were higher in OA as compared with RA, PsA and the control group. The patients with inflammatory arthritis had lower serum levels of Apo A-I and HDL-C than did the controls. Apo A-I concentrations were higher in SF of RA patients, while PsA showed the highest concentration of TC, though not reaching statistical significance. A negative correlation was found between serum Apo A-I and synovial WBC (r=-0.48 p=0.002) and IL-1Beta (r=-0.42 p=0.016). There was a strong positive correlation between the Apo A-I SF/serum ratio and synovial WBC (r=0.73 p<0.001), IL-1Beta (r=0.68 p<0.001) and a weak, yet significant, correlation with serum CRP (r=0.49 p=0.002) and SAA (r=0.41 p=0.008). CONCLUSION: Our study confirms that in RA Apo A-I and TC levels are decreased in plasma and increased in SF, thus suggesting infiltration of HDL particles in the inflamed joint with inhibition of the local production of proinflammatory cytokines. On the other hand, it can be hypothesized that the sequestration of Apo A-I in the inflamed tissue may, in part, account for the reduction of circulating HDL and the excess cardiovascular risk in RA and PsA patients.
    Clinical and experimental rheumatology 01/2009; 27:79-83. · 2.97 Impact Factor
  • Osteoarthritis and Cartilage 09/2008; 16. · 4.26 Impact Factor
  • Osteoarthritis and Cartilage 09/2008; 16. · 4.26 Impact Factor
  • Revue du Rhumatisme 11/2007; 74(10):1086-1086.
  • Revue du Rhumatisme 11/2007; 74(10):997-997.
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    Rheumatology 07/2007; 46(6):1042-3. · 4.44 Impact Factor
  • Scandinavian Journal of Rheumatology 01/2007; 36(3):236-7. · 2.61 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is a life-threatening and debilitating complication of several connective tissue diseases. We aimed to evaluate the effects of long-term treatment with bosentan, an oral dual endothelin ET(A)/ET(B) receptor antagonist, in a cohort of patients with PAH related to connective tissue diseases. In the present prospective, noncontrolled study, 13 patients (nine with systemic sclerosis, two with systemic lupus erythematosus, one with mixed connective tissue disease and one with overlap syndrome including scleroderma and myositis), mostly nonresponders to prostanoids therapy, were treated for 1 year with bosentan. Cardiac haemodynamics and the diagnosis of PAH were performed by Doppler ultrasound examination. Exercise capacity was assessed by 6-min walking test at baseline and at 3, 6 and 12 months of therapy. During bosentan treatment, progressive improvement of exercise capacity was observed. Walk distance increased in seven patients, remained unchanged in three and slightly decreased in three patients. A progressive significant decrease of right ventricular systolic pressure was also observed, whereas pulmonary artery mean pressure remained unchanged. Adverse effects related to bosentan (elevation of hepatic aminotransferases) were noted in two patients. Long-term treatment with bosentan was effective in improving exercise capacity and pulmonary haemodynamics in patients with PAH related to connective tissue diseases.
    European Journal of Clinical Investigation 10/2006; 36 Suppl 3:49-53. · 2.83 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

464 Citations
117.25 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 1999–2012
    • University of Padova
      • • Dipartimento di Medicina Clinica e Sperimentale
      • • Dipartimento di Scienze Mediche e Chirurgiche
      Padua, Veneto, Italy
  • 2011
    • University-Hospital of Padova
      Padua, Veneto, Italy
  • 2004
    • Università degli Studi del Sannio
      Benevento, Campania, Italy