Xudong Wang

Shandong University, Chi-nan-shih, Shandong Sheng, China

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Publications (17)63.61 Total impact

  • Qintang Li, Xudong Wang, Xiu Yue, Xiao Chen
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    ABSTRACT: The aggregation behaviors of a Gemini surfactant [C12H25(CH3)2N+(CH2)2N+(CH3)2C12H25]Br2-(12-2-12) in two protic ionic liquids (PILs), propylammonium nitrate (PAN) and butylammonium nitrate (BAN), were investigated by means of several experimental techniques including small and wide angle X-ray scattering, the polarized optical microscopy and the rheological measurement. Compared to those in ethylammonium nitrate (EAN), the minor structural changes with only one or two methylene units (-CH2-) increase in cationic chain length of PIL, result in a dramatic phase transition of formed aggregates. The critical micellization concentration was increased in PAN, while no micelle formation was detected in BAN. A normal hexagonal phase was observed in the 12-2-12/PAN system, while the normal hexagonal, bicontinuous cubic and lamellar phases were mapped in the 12-2-12/BAN system. Such aggregation behavior changes can be ascribed to the weaker solvophobic interactions of 12-2-12 in PAN and BAN. The unique molecular structure of 12-2-12 is also an important factor to highlight such a dramatic phase transition due to the PIL structure change.
    Langmuir 01/2014; DOI:10.1021/la404826k · 4.38 Impact Factor
  • Qintang Li, Xudong Wang, Xiu Yue, Xiao Chen
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    ABSTRACT: The aggregation behavior of Gemini surfactants with hydroxyl groups in their headgroups, butane-1,4-bis(hydroxyethyl methylalkylammonium) bromides hereafter abbreviated as m-4-m MEA (m = 12, 14, 16), has been investigated in aqueous solution. Each formed a viscous fluid in water at low concentration in the absence of a salt. In solutions of 14-4-14 MEA, the formation of highly viscoelastic wormlike micelles could be detected using steady and dynamic rheological measurements. The existence of these long column micelles has also been confirmed using cryo-transmission electron microscopy (cryo-TEM) and small angle X-ray scattering (SAXS). Compared with conventional bis(dimethylalkylammonium) bromide Gemini molecules with the same spacer (14-4-14), 14-4-14 MEA demonstrated a better ability to fabricate wormlike micelles because of the change in the headgroup structure. As for 16-4-16 MEA, which has longer alkyl chains, its aqueous solutions behave more like elastic gels at a concentration of 80 mmol L−1. The unique viscoelastic behavior of m-4-m MEA in water can be attributed to the synergistic interactions of hydrophobic attraction and hydrogen bonding. The obtained results are believed to be an important addition to the effect that the headgroups of Gemini surfactants have on their aggregation behavior in dilute solutions.
    Soft Matter 10/2013; 9(40):9667. DOI:10.1039/c3sm51722e · 4.15 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The aggregation behaviors of a series of dissymmetric cationic Gemini surfactants, [CmH2m+1(CH3)2N(CH2)2N(CH3)2CnH2n+1]Br2, designated as m-2-n (with a fixed m + n = 24, m = 16, 14, 12) have been investigated in a protic ionic liquid, ethylammonium nitrate (EAN). Surface tension, polarized optical microscopy (POM), small-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS) and rheological measurements are adopted to investigate the micellization and lyotropic liquid crystal (LLC) formation. The obtained results indicate that the structure dissymmetry plays an important role in aggregation process of m-2-n. With increasing the dissymmetry degree, the critical micellization concentration, the maximum reduction of solvent surface tension, and the minimum area occupied per surfactant molecule at the air/EAN interface all become smaller. The thermostability of formed LLCs is therefore improved because of the more compacted molecules. These characteristics can be explained by the enhancement of solvophobic effect due to the increased structure dissymmetry of Gemini surfactants.
    Langmuir 11/2012; 28(48). DOI:10.1021/la304004u · 4.38 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The micelle formation by the surface active ionic liquids (ILs) N-alkyl-N-methylpiperidinium bromide CnPDB (n = 12, 14, 16) in aqueous solution has been investigated through the characterizations of surface tension, electrical conductivity and steady-state fluorescence measurements. From the curves of surface tension vs CnPDB concentration at 25 °C, the critical micelle concentration (cmc), the effectiveness of the surface tension reduction (Πcmc), the maximum surface excess concentration (Гmax) and the minimum area (Amin) occupied per surfactant molecule at the air/water interface are calculated. Through the electrical conductivity measurements, the cmc values at different temperatures and a series of thermodynamic parameters (ΔGm°, ΔHm° and ΔSm°) for the formation of micelles are evaluated in the temperature range of 25–45 °C. The steady-state fluorescence measurement is also employed to investigate the micelle formation of CnPDB.
    Colloids and Surfaces A Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects 10/2012; 412:90–95. DOI:10.1016/j.colsurfa.2012.07.021 · 2.35 Impact Factor
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    Yurong Zhao, Xiu Yue, Xudong Wang, Xiao Chen
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    ABSTRACT: The lyotropic liquid crystalline (LLC) phases formed by a series of N-alkyl-N-methylpiperidinium bromides (C(n)PDB, n=12, 14, 16) in water have been investigated. By using polarized optical microscopy (POM) and small angle X-ray scattering (SAXS) techniques, the normal hexagonal (H(1)) and reverse bicontinuous cubic (V(2)) LLC phases can be detected with C(14)PDB/H(2)O and C(16)PDB/H(2)O systems within a large temperature and concentration ranges. In the C(12)PDB/H(2)O system, only the H(1) phase is observed. Such differences may be attributed to differences in hydrophobic interactions resulting from their different alkyl chain lengths. The rheological results reveal that the H(1) phase formed by C(12)PDB displays a typical Maxwell behavior, whereas those with C(14)PDB or C(16)PDB show gel-like behavior, unlike the traditional cationic surfactants. The obtained results on the LLC phases formed by this new class of piperidinium surfactants supplement the current understanding about nitrogen-containing heterocyclic headgroup-based cationic surfactants and may open their wide potential applications.
    Journal of Colloid and Interface Science 09/2012; 389(1):199-205. DOI:10.1016/j.jcis.2012.09.032 · 3.55 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The tough stimuli-responsive vesicles were prepared via electrochemical oxidation on the mixture solution of ferrocenylmethyl-trimethylammonium iodide (FcMI) and sodium deoxycholate (NaDC). The vesicle structure and morphology are characterized respectively by transmission electron microscopy (TEM), dynamic light scattering (DLS) and atomic force microscopy (AFM). The vesicle shells can be clearly observed by TEM with the thickness ranging from several to several tens of nanometers and their outer diameters at the range of 50–200 nm. The formation of vesicular structures is also supported via AFM measurements. Such tough vesicles made up of ferrocene and deoxycholate blocks are redox-responsive, and their assembly or disassembly behaviors may be controlled by electrochemical methods through the change of ferrocene states between the neutral hydrophobic and the hydrophilic ferrocenium cation. In addition, the stimuli-responsive vesicles can also be formed from the supramolecular inclusion complex between the ferrocene blocks and the β-cyclodextrin hosts, which can then be transformed into nanotubes with time. The obtained results are significant for the preparation of smart supramolecular aggregates.
    Colloids and Surfaces A Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects 09/2012; 409:98–104. DOI:10.1016/j.colsurfa.2012.05.043 · 2.35 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The aggregation behaviors of three Gemini surfactants [(C(s)H(2s)-α,ω-(Me(2)N(+)C(m)H(2m+1)Br(-))(2), s = 2, m = 10, 12, 14] in a protic ionic liquid, ethylammonium nitrate (EAN), have been investigated. The polarized optical microscopy and small-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS) measurements are used to explore the lyotropic liquid crystal (LLC) formation. Compared to the LLCs formed in aqueous environment, the normal hexagonal and lamellar phases disappear. However, with increasing the surfactant concentration, a new reverse hexagonal phase (H(II)) can be mapped over a large temperature range except for other ordered aggregates including the isotropic solution phase and a two-phase coexistence region. The structural parameters of the H(II) are calculated from the corresponding SAXS patterns, showing the influence of surfactant amount, alkyl chain length, and temperature. Meanwhile, the rheological profiles indicate a typical Maxwell behavior of the LLC phases formed in EAN.
    Langmuir 12/2011; 28(5):2476-84. DOI:10.1021/la204489v · 4.38 Impact Factor
  • Xiu Yue, Xiao Chen, Xudong Wang, Zhihong Li
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    ABSTRACT: The phase behaviors of four phytosterol ethoxylates surfactants (BPS-n, n=5, 10, 20, and 30) with different oxyethylene units in room temperature ionic liquid, 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium tetrafluoroborate ([Bmim]BF4), have been studied. The polarized optical microscopy and small-angle X-ray scattering techniques are used to characterize the phase structures of these binary systems at 25°C. The structure and ordering of the liquid crystalline (LC) phases in such BPS-n/[Bmim]BF4 systems are found to be influenced by BPS-n concentration and the temperature. Due to the bulky and rigid cholesterol group, the phytosterol ethoxylates surfactants exhibit different properties and interaction mechanism from the conventional CnEOm type nonionic surfactant systems. The rheological measurements indicate a highly viscoelastic nature of these lyotropic LC phases and disclose a lamellar phase characteristic with a rather strong rigidity at high surfactant concentrations. The control experiment with Brij 97(polyoxyethylene (10) oleyl ether)/[Bmim]BF4 system and the FTIR measurements help to recognize that the solvophobic interaction combining with the hydrogen bonding are the main driving forces for the LC phases formation.
    Colloids and Surfaces A Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects 12/2011; 392(1). DOI:10.1016/j.colsurfa.2011.09.060 · 2.35 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Wormlike nanowires have been successfully prepared via the ionic self-assembly (ISA) route from the cationic (ferrocenylmethyl)trimethylammonium iodide (FcMI) and the anionic sodium bis(2-ethyl-1-hexyl)sulfosuccinate (AOT). The formed FcM-AOT complexes have been proved to possess a composition of equal molar ratio and show good redox activity also due to the introduction of organic metal ferrocene. These complexes exhibit an ordered hexagonal columnar structure with the lattice spacing D of 2.49 nm. More interestingly, the wormlike nanowires interweave themselves together to form a net-like structure, and some of them are large enough to exhibit a high-order crystal structure. In addition, such an ISA organized aggregate can be changed into vesicles by including the Fc blocks into beta-cyclodextrins to form another supramolecular complex. The supramolecular structure and morphology of the vesicles were characterized by transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and dynamic light scattering (DLS), respectively. Both the complex fabrication and transition mechanisms are discussed and found to be controlled by the inclusion equilibrium and the cooperative binding of noncovalent interactions, including the electrostatic interactions, pi-pi stacking, and amphiphilic hydrophobic association.
    The Journal of Physical Chemistry B 08/2010; 114(32):10384-90. DOI:10.1021/jp104801m · 3.38 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The aggregation behaviors of oleyl polyoxyethylene (10) ether, Brij 97, in room temperature ionic liquids, ethylammonium nitrate (EAN), pyrrolidinium nitrate ([Pyrr][NO(3)]), ethylammonium butyrate (EAB), 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium hexafluorophosphate ([Bmim][PF(6)]), and 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium tetrafluoroborate ([Bmim][BF(4)]), have been investigated. Only in the Brij 97/EAN binary system is the hexagonal liquid crystalline phase formed, and its ordering is found to decrease with increasing temperature. The lattice spacing values measured from the small-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS) shrink with reduction of ionic liquid content at room temperature. The general rules for aggregate formation in these ionic liquids are discussed and compared with that in water. A degraded ability to produce the ordered self-assembly of Brij 97 from H(2)O to EAN to [Bmim][PF(6)], [Bmim][BF(4)], [Pyrr][NO(3)], and EAB is found and analyzed based on the molecular packing and Gordon parameters and also hydrogen-bonding or solvophobic interactions. Steady-shear rheological measurements combined with the frequency sweep data indicate the highly viscoelastic nature of this liquid crystalline phase.
    Langmuir 06/2010; 26(11):7802-7. DOI:10.1021/la9045995 · 4.38 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Lyotropic liquid crystalline (LLC) phases of lauric acid in water have been successfully constructed with the aid of a N-heterocyclic compound in water. This novel ternary system can exhibit L. phase with its lamellar spacing changing regularly in a wide concentration range.
    Chemistry Letters 03/2009; 38(3):240-241. DOI:10.1246/cl.2009.240 · 1.30 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The phase behavior of a catanionic system composed by a cationic surfactive ionic liquid (IL), 1-hexadecyl-3-methylimidazolium chloride ([C(16)mim]Cl), an anionic sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS), and water has been investigated. A novel gel phase with quite high water content can be fabricated showing similar rheological properties to vesicles usually formed in traditional catanionic systems. The lamellar structure could also be constructed in SDS-rich region. Both the hydrophobic interaction of alkyl chains and interactions between oppositely charged head groups play important roles for the gel formation. Such a facile method to form gels directly from the catanionic system at relative low surfactant concentrations is novel, which should be related to the specific molecular structure of imidazolium ILs. The obtained results are expected to be helpful for better understanding of catanionic systems.
    The Journal of Physical Chemistry B 02/2009; 113(4):983-8. DOI:10.1021/jp809048u · 3.38 Impact Factor
  • Yurong Zhao, Xiao Chen, Xudong Wang
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    ABSTRACT: The aggregation behavior of a surfactant-like ionic liquid, 1-hexadecyl-3-methylimidazolium chloride (C(16)mimCl), in a room temperature ionic liquid ethylammonium nitrate (EAN) has been investigated. With increasing C(16)mimCl concentration, a series of ordered aggregates including micelles, normal hexagonal (H(1)), lamellar (L(alpha)), and reverse bicontinuous cubic (V(2)) liquid crystalline (LC) phases can be detected over a large temperature range by using polarized optical microscopy (POM) and small-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS) techniques. When comparing such a phase behavior with that of the C(16)mimCl/H(2)O binary system, an additional V(2) phase is identified and could be attributed to the different affinities of C(16)mimCl to EAN and water. Higher temperatures induce smaller lattice spacing for the LC phases, which may be due to the softening of the solvophobic chains of C(16)mimCl molecules. Both the imidazolium ring structure and alkyl chain of C(16)mimCl molecule are proved to play important roles for the LC phase formation. Dissipative particle dynamic simulations are also carried out at room temperature, and the obtained intuitive three-dimensional (3D) models can help us better understand the self-assembled structures, which are considered to be supplements for the experimental results.
    The Journal of Physical Chemistry B 02/2009; 113(7):2024-30. DOI:10.1021/jp810613c · 3.38 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Stable solid-like vesicles were prepared via a facile ionic self-assembly (ISA) route, through complexation between 1-naphthylammonium chloride (NA) and sodium deoxycholate (NaDC), and the vesicles could entrap hydrophilic quantum dots (QDs) to exhibit fluorescence microscopy images and transform to nanobelts with temperature.
    Journal of Materials Chemistry 01/2009; 19(14). DOI:10.1039/b818006g · 7.44 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The supramolecular ionic self-assembly (ISA) strategy has been used to construct the long-range ordered hierarchical aggregates from the complexes of 1-adamantanamine hydrochloride (AdCl) and sodium bis(2-ethyl-1-hexyl)sulfosuccinate (AOT). The formed AOT-Ad complexes have been proved to possess a composition of equal molar ratio and a hexagonal columnar structure with Ad blocks as the core and AOT outside. More interestingly, the length, width, and thickness of the aggregates are on the order of milli-, micro-, and nanometer, respectively, and can thus be taken as one type of organic nanobelt. Such nanobelts are plastic and stable to resist breakage even bent to a circle, which makes them useful in the fields of novel nanomaterial fabrication. In addition, the ISA process of this aggregate can be tuned by including Ad blocks in beta-cyclodextrins to form a supramolecular complex, which is comparatively stable in the water and expected to self-assemble into some other ordered structures.
    The Journal of Physical Chemistry B 07/2008; 112(24):7191-5. DOI:10.1021/jp801061g · 3.38 Impact Factor
  • ChemPhysChem 02/2008; 9(2):249-52. DOI:10.1002/cphc.200700625 · 3.36 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Self-assembly vesicles have been made from a cyclodextrin (CD) supramolecular complex, which is cooperatively formed with natural beta-CD, 1-naphthylammonium chloride (NA), and sodium bis(2-ethyl-1-hexyl)sulfosuccinate (AOT) by weak noncovalent interactions. In the complex structure, a NA molecule is included inside a beta-CD molecule while it is coupled with an AOT molecule on one side. The supramolecular structure and morphology of the vesicles were characterized by transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and dynamic light scattering (DLS), respectively. The mechanism of vesicle formation and transition is discussed along with the data obtained from induced circular dichroism (ICD) and UV/visible spectroscopy, polarized optical microscopy (POM), and (1)H NMR spectroscopy. Both the fabrication and the transition of vesicles are controlled by the inclusion equilibria and the cooperative binding of noncovalent interactions, which include the "key-lock" principle, electrostatic interactions, pi-pi stacking, and amphiphilic hydrophobic association.
    Chemistry 11/2007; 13(32):9137-42. DOI:10.1002/chem.200700729 · 5.70 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

200 Citations
63.61 Total Impact Points


  • 2007–2013
    • Shandong University
      • Key Laboratory for Colloid and Interface Chemistry
      Chi-nan-shih, Shandong Sheng, China