Wiesława Łysiak-Szydłowska

Medical University of Gdansk, Gdańsk, Pomeranian Voivodeship, Poland

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Publications (17)30.7 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: In addition to genetic predispositions and environmental factors, healthy lifestyle education is very important for children and adolescents. The purpose of this research was to estimate the number of overweight and obese children and adolescents from small towns and villages and to find out an association between health awareness in children and the risk of becoming overweight or obese.
    Central European journal of public health 03/2014; 22(1):12-6. · 0.80 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Protein-energy malnutrition is still a problem in patients with chronic renal failure, especially during replacement renal therapy. The chronic inflammatory status in these patients intensifies the malnutrition, as well as making treatment more complicated. The aim of the present study was to estimate the influence of oral supplementation on the nutritional status of malnourished hemodialysis (HD) patients depending on the existence of an inflammatory state. To study the influence of oral supplementation on nutrition status, 30 HD patients with protein-energy malnutrition characteristics and 25 well-nourished HD patients were enrolled in the study. Malnourished HD patients were prescribed Renilon 7.5 at an oral intake dose of 125 mL twice a day for 3 months. The nutritional status was characterized based on body mass index, Subjective Global Assessment score, serum albumin and prealbumin concentrations. The intensity of the inflammatory state was determined by C-reactive protein and interleukin-6. Serum concentrations of leptin and adiponectin were also measured. After 3 months of supplementation, malnourished patients had an increase in prealbumin, albumin, and leptin concentrations. No statistically significant differences were observed between patients lacking inflammation and those with inflammation. The results indicate an improvement in the nutritional status of HD patients who were prescribed an oral supplementation. Furthermore, patients with inflammatory state characteristics also benefited from Renilon 7.5 treatment.
    Journal of Renal Nutrition 07/2011; 21(4):347-53. · 1.75 Impact Factor
  • Journal of Renal Nutrition 03/2011; 21(2):200-2. · 1.75 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Eicosanoids, which originate from polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs), have a major impact on homeostasis maintenance as secondary signal transducers. Signal cascade, which includes reception, processing and signal transduction coming from the environment into the cell, determines the type of response evoked. Signal distortion may take place on every level of this cascade and this in consequence could lead to the development of many diseases. Any intervention into PUFAs metabolism leads to quantitative and qualitative changes of synthesized eicosanoids. Some of them promote, whereas others inhibit carcinogenesis, some are pro- or anti-inflammatory and the overall result depends on the outcome of these contradictory effects. The type and amount of produced eicosanoids depends on substrates' availability and activity of enzymes catalyzing different stages of their transformation. A particularly negative role was assigned to the over expression of phospholipase A2, cyclooxygenase-2, 5- and 12-lipoxygenases, while the contribution of other oxygenases and their metabolites is considerably less clear. The information about their interplay is extremely sparse and inadequate to understand intricacies of the mechanisms involved. There are indications that utilization of selected eicosanoids (their analogs, agonists or antagonists) could be a better way of disease prevention and treatment, more effective than excessive dietary supplementation of fatty acids. This review presents a more global picture of oxygenases and their PUFA metabolites giving a brief summary of our current understanding of perspectives and pitfalls of their regulation and mediatory action in human diseases.
    Current Molecular Medicine 02/2011; 11(1):13-25. · 4.20 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Fruits, vegetables, spices and a variety of teas are suggested for the prevention of many diseases. They encompass active, non-nutritional ingredients called nutraceuticals which are defined as food products that provide health benefits. Many nutraceuticals have been tested to identify inhibitors of plasminogen activator inhibitor (PAI-1). PAI-1 is the major and fast acting physiological inhibitor of fibrinolysis. However, preclinical studies of PAI-1 inhibitors have revealed an additional role of PAI-1 in the pathogenesis of vascular remodeling, renal injury, diabetes, obesity, Alzheimer's disease and cancer. Thus PAI-1 is a potential therapeutic target in some of these diseases. Our previous study revealed that a black tea extract (containing mostly theaflavins) inhibits PAI-1. In this study we report results for four pure (>98%) theaflavins. Inactivation of PAI-1 was tested by clot formation and by its lysis using thromboelastometry and measurements of human plasma turbidity. Among four tested theaflavins, theaflavin-3'-gallate was the most potent in PAI-1 inhibition trailed by theaflavin-3,3'-digallate, while the other two i.e., theaflavin and theaflavin-3-gallate did not show inhibitory activity.
    International Journal of Molecular Medicine 02/2011; 27(4):525-9. · 1.96 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to investigate the serum concentration of adipokines, such as leptin, adiponectin, and resistin, and assess its relation to nutritional and inflammatory parameters in both overweight and normal weight patients on maintenance hemodialysis. A total of 36 hemodialysis patients (27 M, 9 F; mean age 55.3 +/- 12 yr.) were examined and 23 additional healthy volunteers were recruited as the control group. The concentrations of leptin, leptin receptor, adiponectin, resistin, IL-6, TNFa and CRP were measured by ELISA. Assessment of nutritional status was determined by the levels of albumin, BMI, percentage of body fat (%F), lean body mass (LBM), and Subjective Global Assessment Score (SGA). According to the SGA 7-points score and the albumin level, 20 patients were of good nutritional status (6-7 points), while 16 patients were mildly malnourished (4-5 points). The concentrations of CRP, resistin, adiponectin, and TNFa were statistically higher in hemodialysis patients than in the control group (p pound 0.05). The adiponectin level was inversely correlated with %F (R Spearman=-0.3; p pound 0.05). The level of leptin was positively correlated with %F as well as with BMI and SGA scores (R Spearman=0.4; p pound 0.05). Although there was no significant difference in the nutritional status between the nonoverweight (BMI 18.5-24.99) and overweight (BMI (3)25.0) groups of patients, in the nonoverweight group there were 12 patients (54.5%) with signs of mild malnutrition compared to 4 malnourished patients (28.5%) in the overweight group. Nonoverweight patients presented significantly lower leptin concentration (12.7 vs 27.8 ug/l) and higher adiponectin level (38.9 vs 32.5 ng/ml) when compared to overweight patients. The levels of IL-6 and TNFa were higher in the nonoverweight group of patients. Overweight patients also had shorter durations of stay in the hemodialysis program (30.5 vs. 87.6 months). The results of our study indicate that lean hemodialysis patients are more prone to malnutrition and inflammation. The increased levels of leptin and decreased levels of adiponectin in the overweight hemodialysis patients support the idea of a reverse epidemiology phenomenon in this group of patients.
    Journal of Renal Nutrition 09/2010; 20(5):303-8. · 1.75 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Cardiovascular complications in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) are frequent. They show increased cardiovascular mortality and morbidity attributable to accumulation of several risk factors; e.g., hypertension, oxidative stress and elevated plasma homocysteine concentration. Despite recent progress in their management, there is still no optimal therapy that can stop progression of CKD and decrease cardiovascular outcome in these patients. Antioxidants, e.g., N-acetylcysteine (NAC), have been suggested as a promising medicament in this field. In a placebo-controlled, randomized, two-period cross-over study we evaluated the influence of eight weeks of NAC therapy (1200 mg/day) added to pharmacological renin-angiotensin system blockade on ambulatory blood pressure and surrogate markers of cardiovascular risk and injury in 20 non-diabetic patients with albuminuria [30-915 mg per creatinine mg] and normal or slightly decreased kidney function [eGFR 61-163 ml/min]. After eight weeks run-in period during which the therapy using angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors and/or angiotensin receptor blockers was settled, patients were randomly assigned to one of two treatment sequences: NAC/washout/placebo or placebo/washout/NAC. No significant changes in blood pressure, albuminuria and homocysteine plasma level were observed. NAC had no effect on blood pressure and surrogate markers of cardiovascular injury in non-diabetic patients with CKD.
    Medical science monitor: international medical journal of experimental and clinical research 07/2010; 16(7):PI13-8. · 1.22 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Inhibition of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS) with angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEI) and/or angiotensin II subtype 1 receptor antagonists (ARB) is a common strategy used in the management of patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). However, there is no universal therapy that can stop progression of CKD. Pentoxifylline (PTE) is a non-specific phosphodiesterase inhibitor with anti-inflammatory properties. It has been reported to have promising effects in CKD treatment. In a placebo-controlled, randomized, cross-over study we evaluated the influence of PTE (1200 mg/day) added to RAAS blockade on proteinuria, surrogate markers of tubular injury and oxidative stress-dependent products in 22 non-diabetic patients with proteinuria (0.4-4.3 g per 24 h) with normal or declined kidney function [eGFR 37-178 mL/min]. In an eight-week run-in period, therapy using ACEI and/or ARB was adjusted to achieve a blood pressure below 130/80 mm Hg. Next, patients were randomly assigned to one of two treatment sequences: PTE/washout/placebo or placebo/washout/PTE. Clinical evaluation and laboratory tests were performed at the randomization point and after each period of the study. The PTE therapy reduced proteinuria (by 26%) as compared to placebo. There were no differences in alpha(1)-microglobulin, urine excretion of N-acetyl-beta-d-glucosaminidase (NAG), hsCRP, the urinary excretion of 15-F(2)t-isoprostane, blood pressure (BP), eGFR and serum creatinine between the PTE and placebo groups. Pentoxifylline may decrease proteinuria in non-diabetic patients with CKD.
    Acta biochimica Polonica 03/2010; 57(1):119-23. · 1.19 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate the potential for the future clinical use of a very long half-life plasminogen activator inhibitor type 1 (VLHL PAI-1) as a haemostatic agent. We developed a VLHL PAI-1 (half-life >700 h) recombinant mutant of PAI-1 and assessed VLHL PAI-1 for its ability to inhibit fibrinolysis in vitro using human, rabbit, mouse and rat blood. Fibrin clot lysis time, monitored by thromboelastometry, was determined at various concentrations of VLHL PAI-1. Also, we determined total bleeding time and total blood loss of control, VLHL PAI-1-, tissue-type plasminogen activator (tPA)- and tPA + VLHL PAI-1-treated mice. Using a thromboelastometer, mouse blood was most similar to human blood in its coagulation and fibrinolytic characteristics. We evaluated the affect of VLHL PAI-1 on haemostasis using the mouse model and showed that VLHL PAI-1 is an effective inhibitor of fibrin clot degradation. It reduced time of bleeding and total blood loss. VLHL PAI-1 may provide an important physiological mechanism to protect clots from premature dissolution in surgical and trauma settings.
    BJU International 11/2009; 105(10):1469-76. · 3.05 Impact Factor
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    M Gnacińska, S Małgorzewicz, M Stojek, W Łysiak-Szydłowska, K Sworczak
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    ABSTRACT: Worldwide, the prevalence of overweight and obesity and associated complications is increasing. Cardiovascular complications are the most important factor determining survival and influencing clinical management. However, obesity is also associated with an increased risk of metabolic syndrome, type 2 diabetes, cancer and other diseases. The development of complications depends on the amount of body fat and its endocrine function. The hormones (leptin, adiponectin, resistin) and cytokines (TNF alpha, IL-6, PAI-1) produced by the adipose tissue are the link between obesity and obesity-related complications. The present article discusses the structure, function and clinical significance of adipokines.
    Advances in Medical Sciences 10/2009; 54(2):150-7. · 0.80 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: It is unknown to what extent uric acid (UA) may affect vessel function and participate in tubulointerstitial damage. We examined the relationship between intrarenal vessel function and serum UA and its excretion in association with urinary N-acetyl-beta-D-glucosaminidase (NAG). In 50 IgA patients (mean age 34.7 +/- 9.3 years) and 15 controls (mean age 33.5 +/- 6.9 years) with a creatinine clearance of 99.4 +/- 21.6 and 118.1 +/- 17.2 ml/min, respectively, the renal vascular function was estimated based on the dopamine-induced glomerular filtration response (DIR; see text). The DIR was measured using two 120-min creatinine clearance values (before and after intravenous administration of 2 g/kg/min dopamine). Serum UA, triglycerides and cholesterol and urinary NAG (24 h) and protein and UA excretion were measured. Patients with IgA nephropathy versus controls: DIR 8.80 +/- 6.6 vs. 12.83% (p < 0.01), NAG 7.25 +/- 3.30 vs. 4.69 +/- 1.12 U/g creatinine (p < 0.01), and fractional UA excretion 7.80 +/- 2.20 versus 6.29 +/- 1.80% (p < 0.01). A negative correlation between DIR and NAG was found; regression analysis showed a more prominent relationship in the patients (NAG = 9.99 - 0.29x DIR) than in the controls (NAG = 5.50 - 0.06x DIR). UA and urate excretion and NAG in the patients correlated with DIR (r = -0.39, p < 0.02; r = -0.29, p < 0.04, and r = 0.59, p < 0.001, respectively). Multivariate analysis showed an association of DIR (R(2) = 0.39) with NAG but not with proteinuria and UA and UA excretion; the NAG excretion (R(2) = 0.56) correlated significantly with UA and DIR. It is suggested that UA plays a role, associated with tubular dysfunction, in the regulation of intrarenal vessel function.
    American Journal of Nephrology 01/2008; 28(3):391-6. · 2.62 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Oxidative stress occurs as a result of reactive oxygen species (ROS) overproduction. The content of carbonyl groups (CG), malonyldialdehyde, 4-hydroxynonenal (MDA, 4-HNE) represent markers of protein and lipid peroxidation processes, respectively. The aim of the present study was to determine CG and MDA/4-HNE in the serum of 30 hemodialyzed patients (-HD; 13 men, 17 women of mean age 47.7 +/- 15.3 years) before and after a hemodialysis session, of 20 transplant patients (TX; 10 men, 10 women of mean age 40.7 +/- 11.3 years) before and after the procedure (RT), and of a control group (n = 47; including 30 women, 17 men of mean age 38.7 +/- 14.0 years). The CG content was evaluated using the 2,4-dinitrophenylhydrazine assay and MDA/4-HNE by the Oxis Bioxytech colorimetric method. Among the HD group the concentrations of MDA/4-HNE and CG were higher than control subjects (P <.05). In the HD group CG concentrations before and after dialysis session were similar while MDA/4-HNE concentrations were higher before the dialysis session (P <.01). One day after RT, MDA/4-HNE and CG concentrations had increased but at 7 days they had decreased and the CG level was increased. A high production of ROS can be assumed in dialysis patients. MDA/4-HNE concentrations, however, decreased after the dialysis treatment, because as low-weight molecules they diffused across the dialysis filter. On the first day after RT a high intensity of lipid and protein peroxidation was observed. During the first week after RT, accumulation of protein peroxidation products was observed but simultaneously lipid peroxidation product concentrations decreased due to quick metabolism. The intensity of lipooxidation during first day after RT seems to be dependent upon the ischemia time.
    Transplantation Proceedings 09/2003; 35(6):2170-3. · 0.95 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Although osteopenia is often reported in Type 1 diabetes mellitus, the pathogenic mechanisms are not fully understood. Oestrogen deficiency also leads to decreased bone mineral density (BMD). Enhanced interleukin-6 (IL-6) production among Type 1 diabetic patients could be involved in the pathogenesis of diabetic bone loss since it is a potent bone resorbing cytokine. To evaluate the relationship between serum bioactive IL-6 levels and BMD at the femoral neck of post-menopausal women with Type 1 diabetes. We studied BMD, urine excretion of deoxypirydynoline crosslinks, serum bioactive IL-6 and soluble IL-6 receptor (sIL-6R) levels in 20 post-menopausal women with Type 1 diabetes mellitus, and compared these results with 20 matched healthy post-menopausal controls. Post-menopausal women with Type 1 diabetes had significantly lower BMD at the femoral neck and increased serum bioactive IL-6 levels compared with the control group, but no relationship was observed between these variables in a multiple regression analysis. Using BMD at the femoral neck of diabetic women as the dependent variable in the multiple step regression analysis model, we found that independent variables that were strongly associated with bone mass at the femoral neck in this group were: time since menopause and duration of diabetes. Although our study had a small sample size, we found that post-menopausal women with Type 1 diabetes mellitus present lower bone mass and higher serum bioactive IL-6 levels than matched healthy controls, but we were unable to find a correlation between these two parameters.
    Diabetic Medicine 07/2003; 20(6):475-80. · 3.24 Impact Factor
  • Leszek Tylicki, Jacek Manitius, Wiesława Łysiak-Szydłowska, Bolesław Rutkowski
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    ABSTRACT: Tubular injury is an important component of hypertensive nephropathy, but its pathogenesis is not completely clear. We attempted to determine whether tubular injury precedes glomerular involvement, and to evaluate the role of vascular damage and metabolic disturbances in this process. 25 patients with newly diagnosed primary non-treated hypertension without microalbuminuria were studied. 15 healthy volunteers served as controls. We measured total urine activity of N-acetyl-beta-D-glucosaminidase (NAG) as a marker of tubular injury, albumin excretion, serum concentrations of insulin, uric acid and lipids. Intravenous glucose tolerance tests and oral fructose loading tests were performed to assess carbohydrate and purine metabolism. The plasma glucose area (PGA) under the curve of glucose levels obtained from the former test was calculated, as well as the plasma uric acid area (PUAA) under the curve of uric acid levels from the latter. Hypertensive vascular injury was investigated by direct ophthalmoscopy. Significantly higher NAG activity was found in hypertensives in comparison with healthy controls. NAG activity was not influenced by the extent of ophthalmoscopically detectable vascular injury. We found positive correlation between urine NAG activity and PGA. A borderline significant association was also found between NAG activity and PUAA in hypertensive patients. Our results suggest that tubular injury is present in the early stages of hypertensive nephropathy and may precede glomerular damage. Ischemia due to changes in small vessels may not be the only factor responsible for this injury. Metabolic disturbances, especially carbohydrate abnormalities, may also play a role.
    Medical science monitor: international medical journal of experimental and clinical research 05/2003; 9(4):CR135-41. · 1.22 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: There is increasing evidence that plasma homocysteine level is an independent risk factor for atherosclerosis. Low levels of serum folates, cobalamin and pyridoxine are associated with increased risk of cardiovascular disease. Most dietary products contain cholesterol as well as methionine, so hyperlipidemia could be associated with a higher level of homocysteine and inversely with lower levels of B vitamins. The aim of this study was to investigate the differences in levels of lipids and vitamins affecting homocysteine metabolism in different groups of patients. We examined 38 healthy persons, 55 patients hospitalised for cardiac surgery, and 62 patients without clinical evidence of atherosclerosis but with one of the atherosclerosis risk factors (hypercholesterolemia, NIDDM or chronic renal insufficiency). The levels of total cholesterol, triglycerides, vitamin B12, folic acid and vitamin B6 index in serum were determined using routine laboratory methods. We found no association between lipids and B vitamins in any examined group. There were significant differences between concentrations of analysed parameters in all groups of patients as compared to controls. The lack of correlation between the levels of lipid parameters and B vitamins in serum indicates that these may be independent, additional risk factors for atherosclerosis. Higher vitamin B6 deficiency in dialysis patients is probably caused by low intake combined with the increased requirements of uremic patients. Permanent monitoring of B vitamins in serum is necessary in patients with elevated risk of atherosclerosis, as well as long-term education, careful diet planning and supplementation.
    Medical science monitor: international medical journal of experimental and clinical research 04/2003; 9(3):CR147-51. · 1.22 Impact Factor
  • Transplantation Proceedings 04/2002; 34(2):569-71. · 0.95 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Homocysteine and carnitine are the metabolic products of exogenous amino acids. Increased plasma concentration of homocysteine but decreased or normal carnitine concentration are usual findings in haemodialysis patients with chronic renal failure. This study aimed to evaluate the interrelationship (if any) between the above mentioned metabolites in haemodialysis uraemic patients. 44 haemodialyzed patients with chronic renal failure--HD (25 female, 19 male, mean age 47 +/- 12 years) were enrolled into this study. Blood samples for estimation of plasma glucose, cholesterol, triglycerides, albumin, folic acid, vitamin B12, homocysteine (HC), total (TC) and free (FC) carnitine were withdrawn after overnight fasting before subsequent haemodialysis session. In all subjects whole body total fat mass (TFM) and lean mass (TLM) were assessed by dual X-ray absorptiometry (DEXA). Hyperhomocysteinaemia was found in 90.9% patients, while carnitine deficiency in 22.7% of all analysed subjects. Both hyperhomocysteinaemia and carnitine deficiency was found in 18.2% of haemodialysis patients. Folic acid deficiency regardless of prescribed supplementation was observed in 9.5% patients. A significant positive correlation was found between plasma concentration of TC or FC and TLM (tau = 0.332, p < 0.001; tau = 0.298, p < 0.01 respectively). A negative correlation was observed between plasma concentration of folic acid and homocysteine (tau = -0.201, p < 0.05). No significant relationship was noted between homocysteinaemia, total and free plasma carnitine levels and anthropometrical parameters. In conclusion, plasma concentration of homocysteine and carnitine are independent indicators of abnormal amino acid metabolism in uraemic patients.
    Polskie archiwum medycyny wewnȩtrznej 12/2001; 106(6):1131-6. · 2.05 Impact Factor