Zeng-tie Zhang

Academy of Military Medical Sciences, T’ien-ching-shih, Tianjin Shi, China

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Publications (14)7.99 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Keshan disease (KD) is an endemic dilated cardiomyopathy with unclear etiology. In this study, we compared mitochondrial-related gene expression profiles of peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) derived from 16 KD patients and 16 normal controls in KD areas. Total RNA was isolated, amplified, labeled and hybridized to Agilent human 4×44k whole genome microarrays. Mitochondrial-related genes were screened out by the Third-Generation Human Mitochondria-Focused cDNA Microarray (hMitChip3). Quantitative real-time PCR, immunohistochemical and biochemical parameters related mitochondrial metabolism were conducted to validate our microarray results. In KD samples, 34 up-regulated genes (ratios≥2.0) were detected by significance analysis of microarrays and ingenuity systems pathway analysis (IPA). The highest ranked molecular and cellular functions of the differentially regulated genes were closely related to amino acid metabolism, free radical scavenging, carbohydrate metabolism, and energy production. Using IPA, 40 significant pathways and 4 significant networks, involved mainly in apoptosis, mitochondrion dysfunction, and nuclear receptor signalling were identified. Based on our results, we suggest that PGC-1alpha regulated energy metabolism and anti-apoptosis might play an important role in the compensatory mechanism of KD. Our results may lead to the identification of potential diagnostic biomarkers for KD in PBMCs, and may help to understand the pathogenesis of KD.
    Experimental Cell Research 08/2013; · 3.56 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate the changes in the expressions of Fas-associated death domain protein (FADD) and cellular-FLICE inhibitory protein (c-FLIP) in the articular cartilage of patients with Kashin-Beck disease (KBD) and the role of these proteins in the pathogenesis of KBD. The cartilage samples were collected from patients with established diagnosis of KBD and osteoarthritis and from healthy control subjects undergoing amputation due to traffic accidents. The expressions of Fas-associated death domain protein (FADD) and cellular-FLICE inhibitory protein (c-FLIP) in the cartilage were detected by immunohistochemistry, and the positive chondrocytes were counted in different layers of the articular cartilage under microscope. The positivity rates of FADD in the middle layer of articular cartilage from patients with KBD [(28.68∓2.19)%] and osteoarthritis [(35.40∓2.34)%] were significantly higher than that in normal cartilage [(10.51∓5.02)%, F=16.245, P=0.000], but the rates in the upper and deeper layers were comparable among the 3 groups (P=0.206-0.761). In KBD cartilage, FADD expression was the highest in the middle layer [(28.68∓5.38)%] followed by the deeper layer [(17.94∓8.38)%]. Compared with the healthy controls, KBD and osteoarthritis patients showed significantly higher FLIP expression in the upper layer of the cartilage (F=5.929, P=0.018) but similar expressions in middle and deeper layers. KBD patients have significant increased FADD expression in the middle layer but decreased FLIP expression in the upper layer of the cartilage, suggesting that the death receptor pathway and its regulators play important roles in the pathogenesis of KBD.
    Nan fang yi ke da xue xue bao = Journal of Southern Medical University 11/2011; 31(11):1851-4.
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate the role of Caspase-8 and Bcl-2 in the formation of loose bodies in Kashin-Beck disease (KBD). Specimens of cartilage loose bodies were collected from 50 adult patients with KBD, and the samples of articular cartilage were collected from 10 healthy adults to serve as control. Avidin-biotin alkaline phosphatase immunohistochemistry was employed to examine Bcl-2 and Caspase-8 positivities in the chondrocytes in the loose bodies. In KBD loose bodies, the percentage of chondrocytes positive for Bcl-2 and Caspase-8 [(18.40∓8.78)% and (67.54∓12.29)%, respectively] were significantly higher than those of the control group [(12.25∓1.58)% and (24.70∓4.35)%, respectively]. Caspase-8 was found to promote chondrocyte apoptosis in the loose bodies, and this effect overrode the apoptosis-suppressing effect of Bcl-2. Bcl-2 and Caspase-8 positivities were found mainly in the deep hypertrophic chondrocytes in the cartilage or in cells adjacent to the bone tissues. KBD loose bodies contain an increased percentage of apoptotic chondrocytes positive for Bcl-2 and Caspase-8. The apoptosis-inducing effect of Caspase-8 was a dominant feature in the cartilage pathology of KBD compared to the apoptosis-suppressing effect of Bcl-2.
    Nan fang yi ke da xue xue bao = Journal of Southern Medical University 08/2011; 31(8):1314-7.
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate the use of cancellous bone matrix gelatin (BMG) combined with chondrocytes in constructing tissue-engineered cartilage by observing the growth, proliferation and differentiation of chondrocytes on allogeneic cancellous BMG. The articular chondrocytes isolated from a 1-month-old rabbit were multiplied to a monolayer and seeded onto cancellous BMG to construct tissue-engineered cartilage in vitro during a period of 6 weeks. Samples were taken from the construct after 1, 2, 4, and 6 weeks of culture and evaluated by histology, immunohistochemistry and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The chondrocytes excreted matrix proteoglycan and collagen on cancellous BMG. With the prolongation of the culture time, the cells proliferated in the construct and the cells in the lacunae increased. Numerous chondrocytes were present the central region of the cancellous BMG and surrounded by extracellular matrix. By 6 weeks of culture, the BMG was covered with 15-20 layers of chondrocytes and cartilaginous tissue occurred in the pores throughout the cancellous BMG. Immunohistochemical staining showed rich and evenly distributed type II collagen around the chondrocytes, and TEM revealed an ultrastructure of the chondrocyte similar to that of native chondroctyes, with abundant extracellular matrix produced around the cells. Tissue-engineered cartilage can be constructed in vitro using allogeneic cancellous BMG combined with chondrocytes. Allogeneic cancellous BMG serves as a good scaffold material for tissue-engineered cartilage to promote the growth and proliferation of the seeded chondrocytes and allows maintenance of the differentiation phenotype of the cells.
    Nan fang yi ke da xue xue bao = Journal of Southern Medical University 11/2009; 29(11):2161-4.
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    ABSTRACT: To explore the effects of selenium and/or iodine deficiency on chondrocyte apoptosis in articular cartilage in rats. Forty-eight Spraguee-Dawley rats were randomly divided into selenium deficiency group, iodine deficiency group, combined selenium and iodine deficiency group, and control group. Chondrocyte apoptosis was detected by terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase biotin-dUTP nick end labeling (TUNEL) method, and Bcl-2 and Bax in articular cartilage were stained by immunohistochemistry in F3 generation of rats. In articular cartilage, the positive rate of apoptotic chondrocytes stained by TUNEL in the upper and middle zones in selenium deficiency group, iodine deficiency group, and combined selenium and iodine deficiency group (all P < 0.05) were significantly higher than that in control group. The apoptotic chondrocytes were prominent in the middle zone. The positive percentage of chondrocytes apoptosis was not significantly different among these three groups (P > 0.05). Compared with the control group, the expressions of both Bcl-2 and Bax were significantly higher in the upper and middle zone in the selenium deficiency group, iodine deficiency group, and combined selenium and iodine deficiency group (all P < 0.05); however, the expressions of Bcl-2 and Bax were not significantly different among these three groups (P > 0.05). Selenium and/or iodine deficiency may induce chondrocyte apoptosis.
    Zhongguo yi xue ke xue yuan xue bao. Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae 10/2009; 31(5):584-8.
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    ABSTRACT: To identify the relationship between T-2 toxin and Kashin-Beck disease (KBD), the effects of T-2 toxin on aggrecan metabolism in human chondrocytes and cartilage were investigated in vitro. Chondrocytes were isolated from human articular cartilage and cultured in vitro. Hyaluronic acid (HA), soluble CD44 (sCD44), IL-1beta and TNF-alpha levels in supernatants were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). CD44 content in chondrocyte membrane was determined by flow cytometry (FCM). CD44, hyaluronic acid synthetase-2 (HAS-2) and aggrecanases mRNA levels in chondrocytes were determined using reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). Immunocytochemical method was used to investigate expressions of BC-13, 3-B-3(-) and 2-B-6 epitopes in the cartilage reconstructed in vitro. T-2 toxin inhibited CD44, HAS-2, and aggrecan mRNA expressions, but promoted aggrecanase-2 mRNA expression. Meanwhile, CD44 expression was found to be the lowest in the chondrocytes cultured with T-2 toxin and the highest in control plus selenium group. In addition, ELISA results indicated that there were higher sCD44, IL-1beta and TNF-alpha levels in T-2 toxin group. Similarly, higher HA levels were also observed in T-2 toxin group using radioimmunoprecipitation assay (RIPA). Furthermore, using monoclonal antibodies BC-13, 3-B-3 and 2-B-6, strong positive immunostaining was found in the reconstructed cartilage cultured with T-2 toxin, whereas no positive staining or very weak staining was observed in the cartilage cultured without T-2 toxin. Selenium could partly inhibit the effects of T-2 toxin above. T-2 toxin could inhibit aggrecan synthesis, promote aggrecanases and pro-inflammatory cytokines production, and consequently induce aggrecan degradation in chondrocytes. These will perturb metabolism balance between aggrecan synthesis and degradation in cartilage, inducing aggrecan loss in the end, which may be the initiation of the cartilage degradation.
    Journal of Zhejiang University SCIENCE B 02/2008; 9(1):22-33. · 1.11 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To observe cell apoptosis and Bcl-2 and Bax expression changes of chondrocytes induced by butenolide (BUT) and the inhibitory effect of selenium against BUT-induced chondrcyte apoptosis, to gain insights into the mechanism by which BUT induces chondrcyte apoptosis. Cartilage tissue reestablished from human fetal articular chondrocytes in vitro were treated with BUT at the concentrations of 0.1, 1.0 and 5.0 microg/ml and with the protective factor selenium. TUNEL method was used to detect chondrocyte apoptosis, which was quantified by flow cytometry. Immunohitochemistry was performed to analyze the expression of Bcl-2 and Bax in the reestablished cartilage tissue. BUT exposure induced chondrocyte apoptosis, and the apoptosis rate increased with the concentration increment of BUT from 0 to 1.0 mg/ml, resulting also increased positive expression rate of Bcl-2 and Bax(P<0.05). The apoptosis rate of chondrocytes in BUT+ selenium group was significantly lower than that of BUT groups (P<0.05), as was the positivity rate of Bcl-2 and Bax expression (P<0.05). BUT induces chondrocyte apoptosis in positive relation with BUT concentration (from 0 to 1.0 mg/ml) and causes increased expressions of Bcl-2 and Bax. Selenium can inhibit the chondrocyte apoptosis induced by BUT.
    Nan fang yi ke da xue xue bao = Journal of Southern Medical University 05/2007; 27(4):414-7.
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate chondrocyte apoptosis and the expressions of Bcl-2, Bax, Fas and iNOS in the articular cartilage between Kashin-Beck disease (KBD) and primary osteoarthritis (OA) and explore the difference in pathogenesis between the two diseases. The articular cartilage specimens were collected from 15 normal human subjects, 15 adult patients with KBD and 15 with OA. Chondrocyte apoptosis was detected by TUNEL method, and the expressions of Bcl-2, Bax, Fas and iNOS in articular cartilage were examined with B-SA immunohistochemistry. The percentages of apoptotic chondrocytes positive for TUNEL staining in the articular cartilage were significantly higher in patients with KBD and OA than in normal control subjects (F=20.90-53.16, df=42, P<0.01), and the erosive areas of the articular cartilage contained greater percentage of apoptotic chondrocytes than the non-erosive areas in the same patient with KBD (t=4.154, df=28, P<0.01) or OA (t=6.004, df=28, P<0.01). No significant difference was noted in the positive apoptotic chondrocytes between KBD and OA (t=1.329-1.362, df=28, P>0.05). The percentage of chondrocytes positive for Bcl-2, Bax, Fas and iNOS were significantly higher in KBD and OA patients than in the control subjects (F=25.46-215.31, df=42, P<0.01), and significant differences were observed in Bcl-2, Bax, Fas and iNOS expressions between the erosed areas and non-erosed areas in articular cartilage in patients with KBD (t=2.608-7.77, df=28, P<0.05) and OA (t=2.278-5.413, df=28, P<0.05), but their expressions showed no significant difference between the two diseases (t=0.284-1.590, df=28, P>0.05). There was no significant difference in apoptotic chondrocytes and Bcl-2, Bax, Fas and iNOS expressions in the cartilage between adult patients with KBD and OA.
    Nan fang yi ke da xue xue bao = Journal of Southern Medical University 08/2006; 26(7):927-30.
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    ABSTRACT: To study the effect of butenolide (BUT) on cultured chondrocytes differentiation and the possible protective effects of selenium (Se). Ex-vivo cultured chondrocytes were divided into six groups: (1) Control group (without BUT and Se); (2) Se 0.1 microg/ml control group; (3) BUT 0.1 microg/ml group; (4) BUT 1.0 microg/ml group; (5) BUT 5.0 microg/ml group; and (6) BUT 1.0 microg/ml + Se 0.1 microg/ml group. The expression of collagen II (Col II), collagen X (ColX), basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF), and parathyroid hormone-related peptide (PTHrP) in (or around) chondrocytes in all groups were analyzed by immunohistochemistry. The expressions of Col II in 1.0 microg/ml BUT group and 5.0 microg/ml BUT group were significantly lower than those in the control group (P < 0.05). The expression of Col II in 1.0 microg/ml BUT + Se group were significantly higher than those in the 1.0 microg/ml BUT group and 5.0 microg/ml BUT group (P < 0.05). The expressions of bFGF and PTHrP of BUT groups were significantly higher than those in the Se and control groups (P < 0.05). No expression of ColX was observed in all groups. BUT can affect the collagen II synthesis of the chondrocytes. Selenium supplementation may play a protective role.
    Zhongguo yi xue ke xue yuan xue bao. Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae 07/2006; 28(3):382-5.
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate chondrocyte apoptosis and expression of Fas and inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) in articular cartilage in the pathogenesis of Kashin-beck disease (KBD) and primary osteoarthritis (OA). The collected samples of articular cartilage were divided into three groups: normal control (15 cases), KBD adults (15 cases) and OA (15 cases). Chondrocyte apoptosis was detected by terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase biotin-dUTP nick end labeling method, and Fas and iNOS in articular cartilage were stained by immunohistochemistry. The positive percentages of chondrocyte apoptosis stained in articular cartilage of KBD and OA were significantly higher than that of the control (P < 0.01), and the positive percentage of chondrocytes apoptosis in the eroded areas of articular cartilage were significantly higher than in the non-eroded areas in articular cartilage of the same patient with KBD and OA (P < 0.05). There was no significant difference in positive percentage of chondrocytes apoptosis between KBD and OA. The positive percentages of Fas and iNOS in chondrocytes were significantly higher in KBD and OA than in control (P < 0.01). Significant differences in Fas and iNOS expression between the eroded areas and non-eroded areas were seen in articular cartilage of patients with KBD and OA (P < 0.05), but such difference did not exist between KBD and OA. Cell apoptosis seems to be associated with the pathogenesis of both KBD and OA. Fas and iNOS might mediate chondrocyte apoptosis.
    Zhongguo yi xue ke xue yuan xue bao. Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae 04/2006; 28(2):267-70.
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    ABSTRACT: The purpose of the current study was to investigate the abnormal expression of Col X, PTHrP, TGF-beta, bFGF, and VEGF in cartilage from patients with Kashin-Beck disease (KBD) to understand the pathogenesis of chondronecrosis in KBD. Articular cartilage and growth plate cartilage collected were divided into four groups: control children (8 samples, 5 cases), KBD children (19 samples, 9 cases), control adults (8 samples, 6 cases), and KBD adults (16 samples, 15 cases). The presence of PTHrP, TGF-beta1, bFGF, VEGF, and collagen X in articular cartilage and in growth plate cartilage was analyzed by immunohistochemistry. Articular cartilage and growth plate were each divided in three zones, and the rate of positive cells was counted by light microscope for cytoplasmic and pericellular staining. Results showed that (1) in KBD children, Col X expression was lower in the deep zone of growth plate cartilage than in normal children; in articular cartilage of KBD adults, however, collagen X expression was higher in the middle zone compared to the controls; (2) staining for bFGF, PTHrP, TGF-beta1, and VEGF in KBD adult patients was prominent in the chondrocyte clusters and the eroded surface of articular cartilage, and the percentage of chondrocyte staining was significantly higher than in control samples (t = 3.64-10.34, df = 12 for children and 19 for adults, P = 0.002-0.0001); and (3) the enhanced PTHrP, TGF-beta1, and VEGF staining in the deep and middle zone of KBD articular cartilage correlated with the high incidence of chondronecrosis in the middle zone (48.5% +/- 10.2%) and deep zone (70.6% +/- 27.0%) of adult KBD cartilage. In conclusion, Col X expression was reduced in areas of chondrocyte necrosis in the deep zone of KBD articular cartilage, indicating changes in terminal chondrocyte differentiation. PTHrP, TGF-beta1, and VEGF expression was significantly altered and indicated degenerative changes in KBD cartilage, which initially resemble those occurring in osteoarthritis, but lead eventually to chondronecrosis, an event not observed in osteoarthritis.
    Journal of Bone and Mineral Metabolism 02/2006; 24(4):319-28. · 2.22 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The present study aimed to determine the role of tissue injury in migration of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) intravenously transplanted into heart and to establish experimental basis for improving stem cell therapy in its targeting and effectiveness. MSCs were isolated from bone marrow of male Sprague-Dawley rats and purified by density centrifuge and adhered to the culture plate in vitro. Female rats were divided randomly into four groups. Myocardial ischemia (MI) transplanted group received MSCs infusion through tail vein 3 h after MI and compared with sham-operated group or normal group with MSCs infusion, or control group received culture medium infusion. MI was created in female rats by ligating the left anterior descending coronary artery. The heart was harvested 1 week and 8 weeks after transplantation. The characteristics of migration of MSCs to heart were detected with expression of sry gene of Y chromosome by using fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH). Ultrastructural changes of the ischemic myocardium of the recipient rats were observed by transmission electron microscope (TEM). One week or 8 weeks after transplantation, sry positive cells were observed in the cardiac tissue in both of MI transplanted group and sham-operated group, the number of sry positive cells being significantly higher in MI transplanted group (P<0.01). No significant difference was found in the number of sry positive cells between 1 week and 8 weeks after transplantation. No sry positive cells were observed in the hearts of control and normal group. In addition, the ultrastructure of some cells located in the peri-infarct area of MI rats with MSCs transplantation was similar to that of MSCs cultured in vitro. These results indicate that MSCs are capable of migrating towards ischemic myocardium in vivo and the fastigium of migration might appear around 1 week after MI. The tissue injury and its degree play an important role in the migration of MSCs.
    Sheng li xue bao: [Acta physiologica Sinica] 10/2005; 57(5):566-72.
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate the characteristics of chondrocyte apoptosis and distribution of Bcl-2, Bax, Fas and iNos expressions in articular cartilage in Kashin-Beck disease (KBD). Samples of articular cartilage were collected from 15 healthy children and 15 children with KBD diagnosed according to the Pathological Criteria of KBD Diagnosis in China. Chondrocyte apoptosis was detected by TUNEL method, and the articular chondrocytes positive for Bcl-2, Bax, Fas and iNos were stained by B-SA immunohistochemistry. The percentage of apoptotic chondrocytes positively stained by TUNEL in the middle layer of articular cartilage was significantly higher in KBD children than in the control group (33.60%+/-2.71% vs 1.33%+/-0.41%, t=11.59, P<0.01). Significant difference in Bcl-2, Bax, Fas and iNos expressions was observed between the upper, middle and deep layers of the articular cartilage of KBD children (F =73.49-114.42, P<0.01), and staining for Bcl-2, Bax, Fas and iNos in KBD children was prominent in the upper layer (41.93%+/-12.26%, 45.60%+/-15.78%, 53.60%+/-16.49%, and 45.47%+/-14.02%, respectively) and the middle layer (14.93%+/-3.50%, 13.87%+/-4.32%, 23.27%+/-4.83%, and 21.67%+/-6.82%, respectively) of the articular cartilage; the percentages of chondrocytes positively stained for Bcl-2, Bax, Fas and iNos were significantly higher than those of the control group (t=11.75-18.65, P<0.01). The percentages of apoptotic chondrocytes and chondrocytes positive for Bcl-2, Bax, Fas and iNos in the articular cartilage of children with KBD are significantly higher than those in healthy children.
    Di 1 jun yi da xue xue bao = Academic journal of the first medical college of PLA 06/2005; 25(6):643-6.
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate the effects of mycotoxin moniliformin (MON) on the metabolism of aggrecan and type II collagen in human chondrocytes in vitro and the relationship between MON and Kashin-Beck disease (KBD). Human chondrocytes were isolated and cultured on bone matrix gelatin to form an artificial cartilage model in vitro with or without MON toxin. Cell viability was determined by 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay. The expression of aggrecan and type II collagen in the cartilage was determined using immunocytochemical staining. MON toxin inhibited chondrocyte viability in dose-dependent and time-dependent manners. MON reduced aggrecan and type II collagen syntheses in the tissue-engineered cartilage. MON also increased the expression of matrix metalloproteinase-1 (MMP-1), MMP-13, BC4 epitopes, and CD44 in cartilages. However, the expression of 3B3(-) epitopes in cartilages was inhibited by MON. Selenium partially alleviated the damage of aggrecan induced by MON toxin. MON toxin promoted the catabolism of aggrecan and type II collagen in human chondrocytes.
    Journal of Zhejiang University SCIENCE B 11(3):200-8. · 1.11 Impact Factor